Guide to the Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers, 1906-1967 SC.1967.04

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers
Creator
Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963
Collection Number
SC.1967.04
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1936-1963
Date [inclusive]
1906-1967
Extent
27.0 linear feet (45 boxes)
Language
The material in this collection is in Spanish.
Abstract
Ramón Gómez de la Serna was a prolific Spanish-Argentinian poet, novelist, and essayist, who is especially known for creating a new literary genre he named the “greguería.” His works significantly influenced the avant-garde movement in Europe and Latin America. His personal papers consist of approximately 60,000 handwritten notes and manuscripts, clippings, photographs, and annotated first editions from his library from 1906-1967. Digital reproductions of portions of the collection are available online.

Preferred Citation

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers, 1906-1967, SC.1967.04, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh LIbrary System

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Biography

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Puig was born in 1888 in Madrid, Spain, and died in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1963. His father, Javier Gomez de la Serna and Laguna, was a lawyer, and his mother, Josefa Puig Coronado, was the niece of the romantic Spanish poet Carolina Coronado. Ramón studied law as well but never worked professionally in the field. In 1905, he published his first work entitled “Entrando en fuego.” In 1908, with the support of his father, he founded the literary journal Prometeo. In addition, Ramón wrote for Spanish newspapers such as  El Sol,  La Voz, and  Revista de Occidente, where he was noted for his original character, leading an imaginative and sometimes nihilistic rebellion against a society that he perceived as culturally stagnant. He launched a literary circle in the Café Pombo in Madrid in 1912, where he gathered with other artists and intellectuals such as Tomás Borrás, Manuel Abril, José Bergamín, and José Gutiérrez Solana. At the age of twenty-one, he began an enduring and influential relationship with the early feminist writer Carmen de Burgos, who was twenty years his senior. This relationship inspired the novel  La viuda blanca y negra [  The Black and White Widow] (1921).

As early as 1910, Ramón began experimenting with a new literary art form he called the “greguería.” Ramón himself defined the greguería as a mathematical equation: Greguería = Humor + Metaphor. Others have characterized it as a brief, humorous insight expressed in metaphoric language. With his innovative and iconoclastic approach, Ramón had a strong influence on the Spanish avant-garde, the surrealist movement, and on the later 1927 generation of poets and writers.

In the early 1930s, Ramón developed an interest in visiting South America, and an invitation to give some lectures in Argentina provided him with this opportunity. During his first trip, he met his later wife, Luisa Sofovich, in Buenos Aires. Back in the Spain, the outbreak of the Civil War in 1936 surprised him in Madrid. Soon after, he decided to leave for self-exile to Argentina where he remained until his death.

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Scope and Content Notes

The Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers consist of approximately 60,000 mostly handwritten notes and manuscripts, which represent the core of the collection. They also include photographs, clippings, and annotated first editions of his published writings. While the collection spans the date ranges between 1906-1967, the bulk of the material dates between 1936-1963.

The manuscripts cover all genres of his literary output such as greguerías, novels, biographies, art books, humoristic pieces, short stories, and dramas. The majority of the documents are undated. They can be found under the “Writings” series, subdivided by the genre, and then by the individual work itself. Ramón also used an extensive amount of clippings from newspapers, magazines, and books for artistic inspiration and research on his projects.

A smaller part of the papers consist of correspondence (e.g. with the dramatist Enrique Jardiel Poncela, Ernesto Bustamante, and Luis de Olarra). Most of the correspondence can be found in the correspondence series; however, in some cases the biographies subseries holds correspondence as well, for example in the case of Macedonio Fernández and Gutiérrez Solana.

Furthermore, the papers feature photographs and personal documents, such as posthumous clippings by Luisa Sofovich on Ramón’s life and work, educational and legal certificates, as well as address books. Please note that most of the material is sparsely dated, therefore date-ranges could often not be established for folder contents.

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Arrangement

The papers are organized according to the following series:

Series I. Biographical and Personal Material

Series II. Writings

Series III. Correspondence

Series IV. Clippings

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, May 2012

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Papers were originally processed in 1971. They were reprocessed producing a revised finding aid in 2011 to enable transfer to AT. 2012

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh.

Acquisition Information

Aquired from Ramón Gómez de la Serna’s widow, Luisa Sofovich, on April 1, 1967.

Processing Information

Most of the descriptive content was created by Professor Alan Hoyle with additional processing work by Ms. Nagy in 1971; revised by Brigitta Arden in 2011-2012.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of portions of the collection are available within the finding aid.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Please note that the books of Ramón Gómez de la Serna's library are cataloged with the book holdings of Special Collections. They can be located by searching PittCat Classic for the keywords "Ramón Gómez de la Serna Collection" in the keyword search option and choosing “MFHD public note” in the “Search by” box.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Clippings (Information artifacts)
  • Manuscripts (Document genre)
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Personal papers

Geographic Name(s)

  • Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  • Madrid (Spain)

Personal Name(s)

  • Coronado, Carolina, 1820-1911
  • Fernández, Macedonio, 1874-1952
  • Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963
  • Ortega y Gasset, José, 1883-1955
  • Sofovich, Luisa

Subject(s)

  • Aphorisms and apothegms
  • Aphorisms and apothegms in literature
  • Authors, Spanish -- 20th century
  • Authors, Spanish American -- 20th century
  • Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
  • Literature, Experimental

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Previous Citation

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers, 1906-1967, SC.1967.04, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Collection.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Biographical and Personal Material, 1906-1966 

Scope and Content Notes

This series comprises a variety of documents reflecting Ramón’s personal life, consisting of educational and medical documents, awards, posthumous clippings, and photographs. The series is divided into four subseries, each representing those different areas.

Subseries  1. Biographical Documents, 1906-1958 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries consists mostly of Ramón’s biographical documents, such as his certificate of baptism, passport, identity card, law degree diploma from the Universidad de Oviedo, correspondence from the Spanish Ministry of Justice referring to Ramón’s employment in the administration. Also found here are two address notebooks listing the writer’s friends and acquaintances from an early date, including artistic and literary people prominent in the 1920s.

  BoxFolder
Ministry of Justice Correspondence, 1906-1933 11
Online
  Folder
Certificates, 1949 and 1963  2
Online
  Folder
ID Card (Argentina) and Passport (Spain), 1936 and 1958 3
Online
  Folder
Address Books: “Francia, Paris” and Other 4
Online
  Folder
"El postal": First Book Authored by Ramón, 1902 5
Online

Subseries  2. Enfermedad Ramón, 1958-1962 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón’s own notes, medical reports, and clippings document the effects of certain drugs and his weight loss. Discussed are also a philosophy of death and illness, antidotes for poisons, and the effects of drugs on illness.

  Folder
Loose Notes, 1958-1962 6
Online
  Folder
Lab Reports, 1962  7
  Folder
"Regimen": Notes on Diet and Prescriptions, 1961 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings 9
Online

Subseries  3. Premio Madrid, 1962 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries features material on a literary award won by Gómez de la Serna in 1962 named “Premio Madrid” by the Juan March Foundation.

  Folder
Correspondence, 1962 10
Online
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, 1962 11
Online

Subseries  4. Artículos Necrológicos, 1938-1966 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries represents an extensive collection of newspaper clippings about Gómez de la Serna, apparently compiled by Luisa Sofovich, featuring primarily obituaries or reviews of his life and work, some having been published before his death.

  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, Authors A-J, 1960-1965 12
Online
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, Authors K-Z, 1938-1966 13
Online
  BoxFolder
Newspaper Clippings, Unidentified Author, 1940-1966 21
Online
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, Images, and Graphic Items on Funeral, Drawings, Death Notices, 1960, 1963, and undated 2
Online
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, Images, and Graphic Items on Funeral, Drawings, Death Notices, 1960, 1963, and undated 3
Online
  Folder
Radio Broadcast Transcription of a Posthumous Homage to Ramón Gómez de la Serna from L.S.1. Radio Municipal de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, January 13, 1963 4
Online
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings, Unidentified Fragments 5
Online

Subseries  5. Photographs, "Reproducciónes de fotos de Ramón y Luisita," 1931-1955 

Scope and Content Notes

The photographs show Ramón at various ages, in his study, with others, and together with Luisa Sofovich. Luisa Sofovich herself is depicted in several images, as well as photographic reproductions of artwork featuring Ramón, and clippings of drawings and caricatures representing Ramón.

  BoxFolder
Ramón 31
Online
  Folder
Ramón in His Study 2
Online
  Folder
Ramón and Others 3
Online
  Folder
Ramón and Luisa Sofovich, 1931-1955 4
Online
  Folder
Luisa Sofovich 5
Online
  Folder
Photographic Reproductions of Artistic Representations of Ramón 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Drawings and Caricatures Representing Ramón 7
Online

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Series  II. Writings 

Scope and Content Notes

As the core of the papers, Ramón’s writings represent the whole spectrum of his literary output such as novels, biographies, short stories, journalism, and of course, greguerías. This series is subdivided into subseries according to genre, and then organized into sections according to the title of the individual work if applicable.

Subseries  1. Greguerías, 1949-1962 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries compiles a wide range of material documenting Ramón’s creative work, research, and interest in greguerías, including his own drawings to illustrate greguerías, demonstrating the graphic aspect of the genre; his lecture notes and scripts for public presentations; anthologies of phrases and sayings in related style selected from a wide range of authors; his notes and explorations into associated subject areas such as humor and the metaphor; and a compilation of heavily annotated manuscript pages and clippings of his greguerías for a future book project.

  Folder
Loose Greguería Notes and Unidentified Fragments 8
Online
  Folder
Loose Greguería Notes 9
Online
  Folder
"Conferencia Greguería," Lecture Notes 10
Online
  Folder
"Porqué se llaman greguerías," Lecture Notes 11
Online
  Folder
"Nueva explicación de las greguerías," Typescript 12
Online
  Folder
Radioscript by Ramón on Greguerías, 1949  13
Online
  Folder
Clippings on the Subject of "Metáforas" by Various Authors 14
Online
  Folder
"Prólogo – Greguería": Greguerías and Notes about Greguerías by Ramón 15
Online
  Folder
Humoristic Notes by Ramón and Others 16
Online
  Folder
Humoristic Notes by Ramón and Others 17
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Humoristic Sayings by Ramón and Others 18
Online
  BoxFolder
"Il «Refranero» attribuito al Marqués Santillana," by G.M. Bertini, Clipping of Published Article, 1955 41
Online
  Folder
Greguerías illustradas, Items 1-95 2
Online
  Folder
Greguerías illustradas, Items 96-133 3
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-80 4
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 81-165 5
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 166-248 6
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-81 7
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 82-156 8
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-64 9
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-90 10
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 91-176 11
Online
  Folder
"Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-62 12
Online
  Folder
"Clarín Gregues": Clippings of Ramón’s Published Greguerías from ABC, Clarín, and Maybe Other Publications 13
Online
  BoxFolder
"Greguerías últimas escogidas," 1962 51
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1962 2
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959 3
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959 4
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959 5
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro" 6
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1962  7
Online
  Folder
"Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1961 8
Online
  Folder
Annotated Published Greguería Clippings 9
Online

Subseries  2. Novels 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries documents Ramón’s work as a novelist. It is divided into sections to reflect a specific subgenre, such as short stories (novelas cortas), or a specific work.

Novelas Cortas 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains a collection of the author’s published short stories, most of them in form of clippings of the original pages of the paperback first editions.

  BoxFolder
"La abandonada en el Rastro" 61
  Folder
"Aquella novela" 2
  Folder
"La donna de Kikir" (Italian Version of "La Fúnebre") 3
  Folder
"Los dos marineros" 4
  Folder
"Ella & Ella – El & El" 5
  Folder
"La fúnebre" 6
  Folder
"La gallipava" 7
  Folder
"La gangosa" 8
  Folder
"Leopoldo y Teresa" 9
  Folder
"El joven de las sobremesas" 10
  Folder
"La malicia de las acacias" 11
  Folder
"Maria Yarsilovna" 12
  Folder
"El miedo al mar" 13
  Folder
"La mujer vestida de hombre" 14
  Folder
"El olor de las mimosas" 15
  Folder
"El regalo al doctor" 16
  Folder
"A ruiva" (Portuguese Version of "La roja") translated by Rogerio García Pérez 17
  Folder
"La saturada" 18
  Folder
"La tormenta" 19
  Folder
"El turco de los nardos" and "El vegetariano" (title page only) 20

Hombre de alambre 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains drafts, fragments, and notes for the until recently unpublished novel El Hombre de alambre illustrating the early stages of Ramón’s creative process. Most of the drafts form a complete narrative or dialogue in themselves but the linking material and the development of the novel as a whole are still lacking. The central character is an old and lonely emigrant whose personality is constructed through the metaphor of wire. Disillusioned, he metaphorically transforms his essential being into wires in order to make himself immune to sorrow. As death approaches, he begins an interior dialogue in which he finds the meaning of life and reconciles himself both to himself and to the idea of death, finally dying in a state of peace.

  Folder
"Hotel Faraón" 21
Online
  Folder
"Alambre" 22
Online
  Folder
"Diálogo con el errante Yaquito" 23
Online
  Folder
"Llega la niña que quiere entrar" 24
Online
  Folder
"Sobre la Novela" 25
Online
  Folder
"Anden de Francia" 26
Online
  Folder
"Cajón de Embalaje" 27
Online
  Folder
"Mujeres de los alrededores de la casilla" 28
Online
  Folder
"Viviendo en mi castillo" 29
Online
  Folder
"Porque se convierte en alambre" 30
Online
  Folder
"Como era lo casilla" 31
Online
  Folder
"El secreto de la vida o lo que es vivir" 32
Online
  Folder
"Principio-Porque se volvió de alambre (Final/Sensación Buenos Aires)" 33
Online
  BoxFolder
"Vivir en las afueras"/"De su vivir en la casilla" 71
Online
  Folder
"Lo que es el alambrismo—Principio" 2
Online
  Folder
"Prólogo”/“Vuelta a la ciudad" 3
Online
  Folder
"Mujeres" 4
Online
  Folder
"Pesimismo emigrante" 5
Online
  Folder
"Cancer" 6
Online
  Folder
"Asaltante" 7
Online
  Folder
"En el palacete prestado" 8
Online
  Folder
"Escena en el café" 9
Online
  Folder
"El hombre de alambre" 10
Online
  Folder
"El hombre que fue una S de hierro" 11
Online
  Folder
"El palo blanco" 12
Online
  Folder
"Final" 13
Online
  Folder
"Vistas increíbles" (Part of "El hombre que fue una S") 14
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment 15
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment 16
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment (related to folder 7-10) 17
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment (pulled from folder “Cajones y sillas”) 18
Online
  Folder
"Alambrismo," by Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Cutting from Saber Vivir, 1956  19
Online

Los muertos 

Scope and Content Notes

The manuscripts and clippings comprised in this section were most likely compiled in preparation for the novel Los muertos y las muertas (  Espasa Calpe, 1961, Madrid, 3rd ed.), representing reflections on death with a mixture of wit, anguish and stoicism, providing an interesting addition to the author’s frequent treatment of the theme. Most of the notes probably belong to the mid and late 1950s, though some are earlier and several might have been written in the last two or three years of his life.

  Folder
Loose Notes 20
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 21
Online
  Folder
"Muertos (archivado)" 22
Online
  Folder
"Calavera" 23
Online
  BoxFolder
"Loose Notes" 81
Online
  Folder
"Esqueletos" 2
Online
  Folder
"Los muertos y las muertas" 3
Online
  Folder
"Calavera—Greco o muerto" 4
Online
  Folder
"Cosas de cementerio" 5
Online
  Folder
"Sobre la cremación" 6
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings, Mostly on Epitaphs, by Unknown Authors 7
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings, Mostly on Epitaphs, by Unknown Authors 8
Online

El corral del matarife 

Scope and Content Notes

These are fragments for a novel or short story entitled “El matarife” that was never completed. About half of the fragments can be placed with certainty in the author’s period in Buenos Aires. The story is a piece of expressive, often macabre realism set in a Castilian village where the local butcher is found to have committed several atrocious murders. There are partial sketches of two village characters, of a coalman who has converted a palace into a coal shed, of the slaughterer’s yard contrasting against the otherwise peaceful setting, and a piece on public executions.

  Folder
"El artesonado de la carbonería" 9
Online
  Folder
"El corral del matarife" 10
Online
  Folder
"El deudor" (Fragment) 11
Online
  Folder
"El papus del pueblo" 12
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title 13
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings 14
Online

 5:  Novela América—Novela conquista: "Los adelantados"  

Scope and Content Notes

Notes for a novel about the conquistadors. The author sympathizes with the idea of Spanish patriots far away from Spain. This project seems to have been abandoned after 1949.

  Folder
"Los adelantados" 15
Online

Toros–Páramo 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises articles on the subject of bullfighting in general as well as material for a novel on bullfighting. There are three manuscript articles: “Toreros de paso”; the second is a lecture given in the Club Taurino of Caracas; and the third, “Tarde de toros,” is possibly a radio script and was also published as an article in Peru in 1945, and probably again later in “Temas,” N.Y. Most of the above material was written no later than 1945, although parts of the first article are later, but certainly before 1949. The theme is an exaltation of the bullfight, which is justified in terms of heroism, tragic catharsis, and religious symbolism. Noticeable is an implicit Spanish patriotic attitude, adding a forced, exaggerated tone. The material for the novel El torero Páramo represents an attempt at a continuation of  El torero Caracho (1926), at the end of which Páramo appeared as the promising new matador. He has developed mystical tendencies and saintly habits and wished to retire and devote himself to the priesthood. The Catholic tone of ascetic renunciation contrasts strongly with the earlier novel.

There are many sheets of completed narrative and also notes, some of them written after 1952, but the majority are previous to 1949. Finally, there are two unique manuscript sheets sketching out a plan for part of the novel, in the form of a brief episode for each chapter up to the 6th. This plan, however, together with the sheets of finished dialogue involving a dispute between two rival woman, do not refer to the religious motif, but recall rather the situation of El torero Caracho, thus probably belonging to an earlier date.

  Folder
Loose Notes 16
Online
  Folder
"El secreto de volver a torear" 17
Online
  Folder
"Tarde de toros" 18
Online
  Folder
"El torero Páramo" 19
Online
  Folder
"Toreros de paso" 20
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title (Dialog) 21
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title (Lecture) 22
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title 23
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings 24
Online

Las tres gracias 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises the handwritten drafts for the novel Las tres gracias (novela madrileña de invierno), published by Editorial Perseo, Madrid in 1949.

  Folder
Original Cover 25
Online
  Folder
"Preludio" 26
Online
  Folder
Chapter 1 27
Online
  Folder
Chapter 2-5 28
Online
  Folder
Chapters 6-7 29
Online
  Folder
Chapters 8-9 30
Online
  Folder
Chapters 10-15 31
Online
  BoxFolder
Chapters 16-18 91
Online
  Folder
Chapters 19-20 2
Online
  Folder
Chapters 21-23 3
Online
  Folder
Chapters 24-30 4
Online
  Folder
Chapters 31-34 5
Online

Zoo 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains impressions about the zoo and its animals both in form of manuscripts and clippings of published articles by the author. Many of the drafts are ideas or narrative fragments for the chapter of a novel to be set in a zoo. This proposed novel is entitled Vida, pasión y muerte de un humorista. Listed among Ramón’s works as early as 1923, it was never published and it seems he was still working on it in the 1950s, although most of the material here is probably from the early 1940s or earlier. Some of it was also destined for another chapter in which the protagonist “Ramón” investigates the world of fish and includes a humorous, fantastic episode involving his own pet goldfish. It is possible that the plans for the novel had been abandoned and the material was then consolidated to eventually produce a book on the zoo.

  Folder
Original Cover 6
Online
  Folder
"Peor escultor del mundo" 7
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 8
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes: "Pez" 9
Online
  Folder
"Compañeros de jaula" 10
Online
  Folder
"La ex-cebra" 11
Online
  Folder
"Paseos por el zoo" 12
Online
  Folder
"Peces" 13
Online
  Folder
"Robo de colmillos" 14
Online
  Folder
"Voy a hacerme foca" 15
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("El humorista en el parque zoológico") 16
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Peces") 17
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Peces") 18
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Peces") 19
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Humorista") 20
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Humorista") 21
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment ("Pez") 22
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragment 23
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings 24
Online
  Folder
Animal Photo Clippings 25
Online
  Folder
Typed Letter from Carlos Marelli, Zoo Director, to Dr. Pablo González Escarrá, Minister of Public Works, 1942 26
Online

Subseries  3. Essays and Articles 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries features various essays and articles authored by Ramón Gómez de la Serna, both in form of manuscripts and published clippings. The subseries is again divided into sections in order to reflect the original organization of those writings by Ramón himself.

"Para poder salir de viaje" 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón comprised several manuscript drafts and published clippings under the above heading. It is not clear how the original title relates to the content of this section. The folders are labeled according to the title of the draft or clipping it contains. The folder “Los caucheros” has little to do with its title and may be a fragment of a larger narrative. It offers a glimpse of the author’s attitude to his wife, “la mujer ideal,” and to love as a solace after a failed attempt to attain the secret of life represented by an imaginary walk in the forest. “Diálogo mázcara” takes the form of a poetically imaginative and witty dialogue between Ramón and a masked woman (“El” and “Yo” respectively). The first half is in Luisa Sofovich’s hand, the latter in Ramón’s. It may be a collaboration, although the piece is stylistically homogeneous. There is also a manuscript fragment of an article in which Ramón embarks on his own peculiar cosmovision, entitled “El huevo sideral,” dated September 1942. “Convivir con la hormiga” (1955) is another essay that is present in both manuscript form and as a published clipping. The folders are arranged alphabetically according to title. An asterisk behind the folder title indicates that its published version is included with the published clippings folder.

  BoxFolder
"Auriculares" 101
Online
  Folder
"Una barquillera" 2
Online
  Folder
"El campo y sus mosquitos" 3
Online
  Folder
"Los Caucheros" 4
Online
  Folder
"Convivir con la hormiga"* 5
Online
  Folder
"Diálogo máscara" 6
Online
  Folder
"El estudio de Zuluoga" 7
Online
  Folder
"Evocación de un poeta romántico" 8
Online
  Folder
"Ganancias del escritor" 9
Online
  Folder
"El huevo sideral" 10
Online
  Folder
"Li-Tai-Poh y la poesía chino-japonesa"* 11
Online
  Folder
"Navidad caliente" 12
Online
  Folder
"Nombres de America" 13
Online
  Folder
"Un nuevo mar" 14
Online
  Folder
"Un santo patrono para la T.V." 15
Online
  Folder
"Sobre las campanas" 16
Online
  Folder
Untitled Mansucript ("El marqués de Villena"?) 17
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Published Articles 18
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Published Articles 19
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Published Articles 20
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Published Articles 21
Online
  Folder
Original Cover of Contents entitled "Para poder salir de viaje" 22
Online

Brujas 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains Ramón’s handwritten notes of Goyesque inspiration, revealing a somewhat sarcastic antipathy for old women.

  BoxFolder
Loose Notes 1-63 111
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 64-120 2
Online

Teatro, 1941 and 1948 

Scope and Content Notes

Besides a few general ideas on the theatre, this section comprises mainly notes, sketches, and occasional pieces of dialogue for plays that were apparently never written. Included are 13 sheets in Luisa Sofovich’s hand and a dialogue entitled “Te absurdo.” Two folders carry the dates 1941 and 1948, and it seems that most of the items belong to this time period.

  Folder
Original Cover 3
Online
  Folder
"¿Por Qué Nos Mataste?," Comedia tragica 4
Online
  Folder
"Encuentro en el más alla," Tragicomedia en tres actos 5
Online
  Folder
"Jardín del Eden," Comedia 6
Online
  Folder
"Proyectos obras" 7
Online
  Folder
"Proyectos obras" 8
Online
  Folder
"Teatro sin nadie" 9
Online
  Folder
"Una mujer cualquiera" 10
Online
  Folder
"La calumniada" 11
Online
  Folder
"Tres tes absurdos" 12
Online
  Folder
"Té absurdo" ("Bernabé") 13
Online
  Folder
"La carta en la tumba" and "Encefalitis caballar" 14
Online

Buenos Aires 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises mostly impressions of Buenos Aires, possibly in preparation for a new or enlarged edition of Explicación de Buenos Aires, which first appeared in Madrid in 1950, and fragments of which were included in Luisa Sofovich’s Ramón Gómez de la Serna (Ediciones Culturales Argentinas, 1962). Featured are published clippings that reflect an optimistic, picturesque impressionism; and Ramón’s manuscript notes that, for the most part, reveal some disillusionment and distaste for an immoral and materialistic environment. The folder “El tigre” contains notes and fragments of a narrative, apparently a continuation of a short story already published under the same title in La nación (cf. fragment of the published clipping, dated Madrid, September 1940). The theme is that of crime and perdition on the group of islands of the same name, when an innocent visitor becomes embroiled in a house party and suspects his wife of having been seduced. Other folders contain notes and documentation on toothpicks (palillos) or a list of epitaphs presumably destined for a novel that did not materialize (announced as early as 1932 in “Policéfalo y Señora” with the title “Tremedal americano pasión de otras estrellas”). In fact, several notes bearing the heading “Trembladeral” are scattered around in other folders. Two manuscript articles are entitled respectively “Yo he sido un gordo” and “Recuerdo de Keyserling.”

  BoxFolder
Transcription of Selected Notes from Box 12 121
Online
  Folder
"Maritimas y fluviales," "Sarmiento," "El botánico de aquí," and Other Notes 2
Online
  Folder
"El tigre," Loose Notes 3
Online
  Folder
"El tigre," Manuscript Pages 4
Online
  Folder
"El tigre," Manuscript Fragments 5
Online
  Folder
"Palillos" 6
Online
  Folder
"Misterios de Buenos Aires" 7
Online
  Folder
"Calles especializadas" — "La gran calle Florida" 8
Online
  Folder
"Replica de los botánicos—El botánico aquí" 9
Online
  Folder
"Hay que regar las calles" 10
Online
  Folder
"Piano de remate" 11
Online
  Folder
"Buenos Aires" 12
Online
  Folder
"Tormenta de Santa Rosa" 13
Online
  Folder
"Plaza Miserere" 14
Online
  Folder
"Bodrio" 15
Online
  Folder
"Avenida de mayo" 16
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 17
Online
  Folder
"Temario: 'Bancos de flores'": Manuscripts and Clippings 18
Online
  Folder
"Buenos Aires: plano general" 19
Online
  Folder
"Recuerdo de Keyserling" 20
Online
  Folder
"Corrientes, Florida y la diagonal" 21
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes, Items 227-238 22
Online
  BoxFolder
"Esquelas que intercalar para tembladeral": Epitaphs 131
Online
  Folder
"La pampa" 2
Online
  Folder
"El porvenir" 3
Online
  Folder
"Prólogo a Explicación de Buenos Aires de Ramón Gómez de la Serna" 4
Online
  Folder
"Yo he sido un gordo y me ha ido bien con esa figura maciza y ancha" 5
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragments about Buenos Aires 6
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Fragments about Buenos Aires 7
Online
  Folder
Manuscript Fragments about "El frio en Buenos Aires" and "La barriguita" 8
Online
  Folder
Manuscript Fragment (Dialog) 9
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings by Ramón and Others 10
Online

Romanticismo 

Scope and Content Notes

Gathered here are documents, graphic materials, clippings of Ramón’s own articles on the subject, and 23 large manuscript sheets (numbered 2-26, with 6 and 7 missing). The latter are probably lecture notes defending a romantic way of life and repeating what is said in the first chapter to the Carolina Coronado biography.

  BoxFolder
"Romanticismo Español": Book and Newspaper Clippings 141
Online
  Folder
"Cosas mias publicadas": Manuscript Pages and Published Clippings 2
Online
  Folder
"Romanticos Catalanes": Manuscript Pages and Published Clippings 3
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo": Manuscript Fragment 4
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo": Notes 5
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo": Notes and Clippings 6
Online
  Folder
"Poetas menores del Romanticismo: Francisco Zea, Ros de Olano, Tertulia María Nodier, Tasara, Garcia Gutierrez, Menéndez Valdés" 7
Online
  Folder
"Grafica Romanticismo": Clippings of Images 8
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo y armas al hombre" by Adriano de Valle: Article Clipping 9
Online
  Folder
"Historia universal romanticismo": Article Clippings 10
Online
  Folder
"Cosas periodistícas Romanticismo": Article Clippings 11
Online
  Folder
"Archivado Espronceda": Article Clippings and Some Notes on José de Espronceda 12
Online
  Folder
"La Avellaneda": Article Clippings on Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda 13
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo americano": Article Clippings 14
Online
  Folder
"Archivado Cadalso": Article Clippings on José Cadalso 15
Online
  Folder
"José Zorrilla": Article Clippings on José Zorrilla 16
Online
  Folder
"Duque de Rivas": Article Clippings on Duque de Rivas 17
Online
  Folder
"Carolina Coronado": Article Clippings on Carolina Coronado, 1951 18
Online
  Folder
"Romanticismo": Notes and Article Clippings on Romanticism 19
Online
  BoxFolder
"Fígaro" (Mariano José de Larra): Article Clippings, Notes, and Manuscript Drafts 151
Online
  Folder
"Don Miguel de Mañara": Article Clippings and Notes 2
Online
  Folder
"Don Juan": Article Clippings and Some Notes 3
Online
  Folder
"Don Juan": Article Clippings 4
Online
  Folder
"Don Juan de Zorrilla": Article Clippings and Some Notes 5
Online
  Folder
"Grafica Don Juan": Image Clippings of Don Miguel de Mañara 6
Online

Editores 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises Ramón’s loose notes expressing a repetitive and almost obsessive tirade against publishers for their immoral exploitation of the writer.

  Folder
Original Cover of Notes “Editores” 7
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes, Items 1-89 8
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes, Items 90-185 9
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes, Items 186-287 10
Online

Temas diferentes 

Scope and Content Notes

As its title indicates, this section holds notes for Ramón’s newspaper articles dealing with a variety of subjects including prehistoric animals, subway bars, ‘genocide’ as opposed to genocide, the immodesty of women bathers, modern youth, capitalism and the perversion of money, clocks, allergies, modern sculpture, bells, butterflies, teddy bears, Russians and the moon, animal skulls symbolizing America, frying pans and cookery, and—more voluminously—on frogs and toads, and ‘Sunday’. Included are also manuscript drafts on a variety of topics, such as the minute forms of life found in the encyclopedia and on unmarked handkerchiefs. Notes on any one subject may be the result of an accumulation over a period of ten years or more.

  Folder
"Lo cursi": Notes and Clippings 11
Online
  Folder
"Invencía/Mocedad Mocerío" 12
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 13
Online
  Folder
"Barlovento y virazón" 14
Online
  Folder
"El balduque y el brulote" 15
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 16
Online
  Folder
"El genocidio" 17
Online
  Folder
"Claro de la luna" 18
Online
  BoxFolder
Loose Notes 161
Online
  Folder
"Azafrán y pimientón" 2
Online
  Folder
"Sartenes" 3
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes and Clippings 4
Online
  Folder
"Bares del subterráneo" 5
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 6
Online
  Folder
"Saurios" 7
Online
  Folder
"Diccionario" 8
Online
  Folder
"Relojes y tiempo" 9
Online
  Folder
"Ranas y sapos" 10
Online
  Folder
"Esqueleto campo" 11
Online
  Folder
"Esqueletos en el campo" 12
Online
  Folder
"El dinero" 13
Online
  Folder
"Barbas" 14
Online
  Folder
"Humorismo" 15
Online
  Folder
"Tallarines" 16
Online
  Folder
"Alegría" 17
Online
  Folder
"Domingo" 18
Online
  Folder
"Arboles: Cultura del plátano" 19
Online
  Folder
"Afilador" 20
Online
  Folder
"Mariposas" 21
Online
  Folder
"El fotógrafo" 22
Online
  Folder
"Los rusos y la luna" 23
Online
  Folder
"Osos de los niños" 24
Online
  Folder
"Las haches y el la y el le" 25
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes 26
Online
  Folder
"Cosas oro," Manuscript 27
Online
  Folder
"Escultores," Manuscript 28
Online
  Folder
"Esqueletos del campo," Manuscript 29
Online
  Folder
"Los fotógrafos artísticos," Manuscript 30
Online
  Folder
"Multitud en las cornisas," Manuscript 31
Online
  Folder
"Osos," Manuscript 32
Online
  Folder
"Pañuelos sin marcar," Manuscript 33
Online
  Folder
"Predilección por los ositos," Manuscript 34
Online
  Folder
"Radiolarios, espongiarios y otros más," Manuscript 35
Online
  Folder
"Los saurios y las noches sauricas," Manuscript 36
Online
  Folder
"Trajes baño," Manuscript 37
Online
  Folder
Untitled (Related to "Radiolarios"), Manuscript 38
Online
  Folder
"Dias de Chimenea," Manuscript 39
Online
  Folder
"El matador de Guisando," Typescript 40
Online
  Folder
"En la ciudad desproporcionada," Manuscript 41
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Published Articles by Ramón and Others 42
Online

Sobre novela y novela corta y cuento 

Scope and Content Notes

The documents in this section consist of two fragments of typescript, four annotated clippings, and over a hundred manuscript notes. They contain ideas either not included in or—the majority—subsequent to the publication of the essay “Novelismo” in Ismoa (2nd ed. Buenos Aires, 1947), reflecting Ramón’s conception of the novel and short story.

  BoxFolder
Original Cover of Material 171
Online
  Folder
Transcription of Selected Items 2
Online
  Folder
"Novela/Ideas sobre la novela" 3
Online
  Folder
"La novela" 4
Online
  Folder
"Notas para una nueva novela" 5
Online
  Folder
"Sobre la novela" 6
Online
  Folder
"La novela" 7
Online
  Folder
"El cuento" 8
Online

Caprichos y fantasmagorías 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón describes the caprichos represented here in subheadings as surreal, absurd, humorous, and terrifying. Most of them are in form of brief notes; others are longer pieces on manuscript pages. Apparently, some of the caprichos were originally intended for inclusion in the novel El hombre perdido.

  BoxFolder
"Caprichos" 181
Online
  Folder
"Un pelo volante" 2
Online
  Folder
"Caprichos para España" 3
Online
  Folder
"Muy surrealistas y absurdistas" 4
Online
  Folder
"Terríficos" 5
Online
  Folder
"Diálogo de las tazas" and "Aerolandia," Manuscripts 6
Online
  Folder
"Caprichos," Manuscript 7
Online
  Folder
"Caprichos surrealistas," Manuscript 8
Online
  Folder
"El elefante cleptomano," Manuscript 9
Online
  Folder
"El que borró el crimen," Manuscript 10
Online
  Folder
"El órgano carcelario," Manuscript 11
Online

Ballet—Antropofagia 

Scope and Content Notes

Documents in this section comprise impressions and ideas on night clubs, modern and classical ballet, exhibiting an attitude of puritanical censure towards the promiscuous, venal sexual behaviors of the modern city, expressed through the wit and humor of metaphor.

  BoxFolder
"Cabaret," Notes 191
Online
  Folder
"Ballet—Antropofagia," Notes 2
Online

Corrigiendo retratos 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains revised notes, drafts, and published clippings concerning some of Ramón’s biographical sketches of several individuals, including Colette, Francisco Villaespesa, Manuel Machado, and Pío Baroja.

  Folder
Loose Notes and Clippings 3
Online
  Folder
"Baroja y Villaespesa," Manuscript 4
Online
  Folder
"Manuel Machado," Typescript 5
Online
  Folder
"Oración para el poeta," Typescript 6
Online
  Folder
"Colette," Clipping 7
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title ("Colette"), Clipping 8
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title ("Baroja"), Clipping 9
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title ("Prólogo corrigiendo"), Clipping 10
Online

Futuros ensayos 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón’s mostly handwritten notes in this section reveal critical commentaries on the modern world: the corruptive and false illusion of the cinema exposing the secret aspirations of society; the truck as an image for the machine culture as well as the revolutionary violence of the workers; airplanes and cars and a modern obsession with speed and travel divert man from his true spiritual nature; banks ought to modify their structure in order to end exploitation.

  BoxFolder
"Cine" 201
"Cine"
  Folder
"Cultura del camión" 2
Online
  Folder
"Autos—Velocidad—Turismo" 3
Online
  Folder
"Avión" 4
Online
  Folder
"El león" 5
Online
  Folder
"Bancos" 6
Online
  Folder
"Icaza" 7
"Icaza"
  Folder
"El eco" 8
Online

Cartas a las golondrinas 

Scope and Content Notes

Featured here are phrases and fragments for one or more uncompleted “Cartas a las golondrinas.” They have apparently been partly transcribed and arranged by Luisa Sofovich to create a posthumous letter to the swallows.

  BoxFolder
"Carta golondrinas," Loose Notes 211
Online
  Folder
"Carta póstuma a las golondrinas," Annotated Typescript 2
Online
  Folder
"Cartas al las golondrinas," Published Clipping 3
Online

"Prólogos" 

Scope and Content Notes

In these notes, Ramón recorded ideas on aesthetics and artistic reality in general, commenting on his own work and lamenting the social realism of the post-war Spanish generation.

  Folder
"Realismo" 4
Online
  Folder
"Estética literaria" 5
Online
  Folder
"Ultima Estética" 6
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Typescript, Fragment 7
Online
  Folder
"La literatura," Fragment 8
Online

Tiempo y reloj 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises notes, fragments, and clippings that are discussing the topics of time and time-keeping.

  Folder
Tiempo y reloj 9
Online

Revés del circo 

Scope and Content Notes

The documents in this folder include impressions of the circus, especially with regard to clowns and elephants. There are hints at investigating the mysterious, perhaps Freudian, side of the circus.

  Folder
Revés del circo 10
Online

Rupestre, Barroco, Renacimiento 

Scope and Content Notes

Comprised here are Ramón’s definitions and descriptions of the Baroque, considering it in a larger historical perspective as a peculiar Spanish religious phenomenon. In the Renaissance section, Ramón claims that Spain’s Catholicism defended the country from the paganism of that period and from the austerity of the Reformation. He argues that the baroque period was more inspired by the prospect of the New World than by a counter movement to the Reformation. In other folders, one can find an article condemning communist–inspired murals, some ideas on paintings in general, and on Spanish cave paintings in particular. Most of the material here can be dated to the 1940s and reveals Ramón’s desire to study the myth of the ‘eternal Spain’. Some manuscripts are drafts for radio talks and may also have been published in the press.

  BoxFolder
"Barroco—Renacimiento" 221
Online
  Folder
"Lo rupestre" 1
Online
  Folder
"Cuevas de España" 3
Online
  Folder
"Pintura" (Fragment) 4
Online
  Folder
"Pintura mural" 5
Online
  Folder
"Rococó—Renacimiento" 6
Online
  Folder
"Bodas de América y España" 7
Online
  Folder
"El renacimiento": Radio Script, 1940 8
Online

España 

Scope and Content Notes

This section includes memories and impressions of Madrid during the Monarchy and Ramón’s childhood. Present are also notes on Calderón, Quixote, Jorge Manrique, Lópe de Vega, an article on the history of Madrid and on the town Paredes de Nava, birthplace of Jorge Manrique, Pedro Berruguetes, and General San Martín. A large part of the documents consists of three manuscript articles. “Repetición de España” is about the eternal, unchanging character of the country, with its spiritual wealth despite, or rather because of, its poverty and sobriety. The second, “Perspectiva de España,” deals with the author’s sense of mission of seeing Spain from a true perspective, an idealized one, and describing it to South America. He sees the new nationalist Spain as the eternal Spain, which has been saved and rejuvenated, displaying an almost ingenuous faith in the truth of his vision. The third article, “Castilla antes del milenio,” discusses the historic Castile, which he exalts as representing the central essence of Spain.

  BoxFolder
"Madrid" 231
Online
  Folder
"España e Hispano-Americanismo" 2
Online
  Folder
"Perspectiva de España" 3
Online
  Folder
"Repetición de España" 4
Online
  Folder
"El surgente Madrid" 5
Online
  Folder
"Castilla antes del milenio" 6
Online
  Folder
"Cante jondo" 7
Online
  Folder
"Calderón" 8
Online
  Folder
About Spanish Art, Radioscript Fragment 9
Online
  Folder
About Spanish Art, Manuscript Fragment 10
Online
  Folder
"Paredes de Nava, Jorge Manrique, Los Berruguete y el General San Martín" 11
Online
  Folder
"Lope" 12
Online
  Folder
"Pedro de Mena" 13
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings 14
Online

Bio, España, política, archivar, ida y vuelta a España, 1949 

Scope and Content Notes

This is a compilation of political notes reflecting Ramón’s views on the Second Republic, the civil war, his 1949 visit to Spain, and his political ideas in general. They provide further context for his declared allegiance to Franco, a fact he did not discuss in Automoribundia. He looks back with nostalgia to the relative calm of the monarchy, without sympathy for the Republic and its disorders, whose causes he attributes primarily to the socialist and communist movements. Apart from Franco, the only politicians referred to are Republicans, and all are subjected to bitter, scathing criticism: Alvarez del Vayo, Negrín, Araguistaín, Manuel Azaña, and Indalecio Prieto. Ramón favored the establishment of a Catholic military dictatorship to prevent a communist revolution and to maintain stability at all costs. His journey to Madrid in 1949 appears to not have been the success he had hoped for because his impressions are far from enthusiastic, and he seems to have returned embittered to Buenos Aires. Later notes commenting on the contemporary world—reference is made to the Polaris missile—reveal a feeling of increasing isolation and despair at the world.

  BoxFolder
"Banquete a Montero Alonso" 241
Online
  Folder
Various Political Notes 2
Online
  Folder
"Cuestión Española" 3
Online
  Folder
Various Political Notes 4
Online
  Folder
"Revolución Española" 5
Online
  Folder
"Biografía política" 6
Online
  Folder
Various Political Notes 7
Online
  Folder
"Estado Madrid," 1949 8
Online
  Folder
"Ida a España" 9
Online
  Folder
"Concursos/Premios perdidos" 10
Online
  Folder
"Zancadilla de Madrid" 11
Online
  Folder
"Poeta/Biografia" 12
Online
  Folder
"Comida Aguilar" 13
Online
  Folder
"Biografía, Vuelta de España" 14
Online
  Folder
"Visita a España" 15
Online
  Folder
"La verdad de lo sucedido—Revolución española" 16
Online
  Folder
"Vuelta de España" 17
Online
  Folder
"Vuelta a Madrid" 18
Online
  Folder
Notes on Various Topics 19
Online
  Folder
"Indalecio Prieto" 20
Online
  Folder
"Biografía Indalecio Prieto" 21
Online
  Folder
"Azaña" 22
Online
  Folder
Transcription of Selected Items from Box 24 23
Online

Notes on Spain 

Scope and Content Notes

This section again reveals Ramón’s political views, this time more concerned with general reflections and interpretations about the character of Spain, displaying a tendency to take refuge in an idealized concept of the country separate from its inhabitants. There is more evidence of his worship of Franco, as well brief sections on the Palacio de Cristal in the Retiro and on the Escorial, and a large number of notes on Spain’s relationship with Latin America, especially concerning the Conquistadors.

  BoxFolder
"Política/ cante jondo/España" 251
Online
  Folder
"La indiferencia altiva de España" 2
Online
  Folder
"Patriotismo español/Españoles/España" 3
Online
  Folder
"El Quijote/Gentes de España" 4
Online
  Folder
"España y América/España y los Españoles" 5
Online
  Folder
"Conquistadores" 6
Online
  Folder
"Palacio de Cristal" 7
Online
  Folder
"Descripción del Escorial" 8
Online
  Folder
"Avilés y Oviedo" 9
Online
  Folder
"España y los españoles": Various Topics 10
Online
  Folder
"Calderón de la Barca" 11
Online
  Folder
"España": Various Topics 12
Online
  Folder
Transcription of Selected Items from Box 25 13
Online

Dios 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains Ramón’s extensive notes on God and many related aspects of the Christian belief system such as the Devil, Hell and Heaven, Jesus, and the Bible.

  BoxFolder
"Dios" 261
Online
  Folder
"El diábolo" 2
Online
  Folder
"Astronomías y misterios" 3
Online
  Folder
"Dios/infierno/cielo" 4
Online
  Folder
"La creación/velocismo" 5
Online
  Folder
"Dios/la creación" 6
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 7
Online
  Folder
"Dios/Jesús/la biblia" 8
Online
  Folder
"Dios/oraciones" 9
Online
  Folder
"Sacerdote/iglesia/clericalismo" 10
Online
  Folder
"El mal y el bien" 11
Online
  Folder
"Dios y el pecado" 12
Online
  Folder
"Nuestra religión" 13
Online
  Folder
"La fe/letra de la religión/las palabras" 14
Online
  Folder
"La atómica y dios" 15
Online
  Folder
"Sumisión y resignación" 16
Online
  Folder
"Amor a dios" 17
Online
  Folder
"Dios y otras religiones" 18
Online
  Folder
"La virgen" 19
Online
  Folder
"Privilegios del hombre" 20
Online
  Folder
"Los fieles/los fanáticos" 21
Online
  Folder
"Su perdón y su misericordia" 22
Online
  Folder
"Querella conmigo" 23
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 24
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 25
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 26
Online
  Folder
"Lo que es dios/teología" 27
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 28
Online
  Folder
"Dios y el alma" 29
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 30
Online
  Folder
"Evidencia del dios/el crimen impune" 31
Online
  Folder
"Virgen Maria" 32
Online
  Folder
"Principio del mundo" 33
Online
  Folder
"Dios": Various Notes 34
Online
  Folder
"Revelación y la biblia" 35
Online
  Folder
"El rigor de dios y la guerra" 36
Online
  Folder
"La moral" 37
Online
  Folder
"Dios y la realidad, la libertad, la nada, la duda, el arte" 38
Online
  Folder
"Dios y la sciencia" 39
Online
  Folder
"Ateos" 40
Online
  BoxFolder
"Ateísmo" 271
Online
  Folder
"Ateísmo América" 2
Online
  Folder
"Ateísmo Amércia" 3
Online
  Folder
"Dios y América" 4
  Folder
"Filósofos y dios," Manuscript Fragment 5
  Folder
Bellón Wiesner, Waldemar: Untitled Clipping 6
Online
  Folder
Rivet, Paul: "El origen del hombre," Clipping 7
Online
  Folder
Gómez de la Serna, Ramón: "Dios," Clipping 8
Online

"Artículos psiquiatría y psicoanálisis" 

Scope and Content Notes

This folder contains Ramón’s notes of a polemical nature criticizing various psychological ideas, perhaps with an implicit tone of self-defense. The increasingly Catholic writer that Ramón has become embraces a Jungian kind of reaction to Freudian psychology. There are two article clippings on Jung’s affirmation of the reality of the soul, and several manuscript articles by Ramón in which he laments the absence of the mysterious, ‘lo indecible’, the soul and God in most psychologies, justifying artistic manic depression, neuroses, and persecution mania as logical and lucid reactions to the reality of the world. The artist’s willful madness is not pathological but a supreme form of protest; the idealist’s aspiration towards the supernatural is opposed to the scientific investigation of the sinful subconscious, according to Ramón’s argument.

  BoxFolder
Loose Notes 281
Online
  Folder
"Afecciones vaporosas" 2
Online
  Folder
"Maniacos depresivos" (Fragment) 3
Online
  Folder
"Neurastenias nuevas" 4
Online
  Folder
"Psiquiatras y depresivos" 5
Online
  Folder
"El Ru-Ko" 6
Online
  Folder
"Trepanación" 7
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title 8
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Title ("Cuento psiquiátrico") 9
Online
  Folder
Published Clippings 10
Online

Subseries  4. Biographies 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón authored or planned biographies about several individuals, including Ortega y Gasset, Pablo Picasso, Unamuno, and Valle-Inclán. This subseries comprises the drafts, notes, manuscripts, and clippings that were produced during the writing and research on these projects. Each section in this subseries deals with a specific individual.

José Ortega y Gasset 

Scope and Content Notes

Ramón’s writings compiled here mainly concern Ortega’s arrival in Argentina at the outbreak of World War II. They present Ramón’s fragmented perceptions of Ortega: admiration for his independence and stimulating thought and at the same time a critical view of his philosophy, in which Ramón laments a lack of importance given to death and the spiritual, religious dimension, stressing its ironic “chulo” aspect. He was also troubled by Ortega’s long silence concerning the civil war. Also featured is a large collection of newspaper clippings, academic articles, and graphic material about and by Ortega y Gasset, with some autograph annotations, handwritten notes, and a drawing by Ramón.

  BoxFolder
"Ortega biografia" 291
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes by Ramón 2
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes by Ramón 3
Online
  Folder
"Con Don José" 4
Online
  Folder
"De butaca a butaca: Con el filósofo de España" 5
Online
  Folder
"Ortega y Gasset se fue" 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings by Ortega y Gasset, 1928-1955 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors A-E), 1940-1955 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors F-I), 1955 and undated 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors L-O), 1929-1956 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors R-Z), 1955-1956 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset, (Unidentified Author), 1931, 1955, and undated 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Ortega y Gasset, (Unidentified Author), 1955 and undated 13
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings about José Ortega Munilla, Ortega y Gasset’s Father 301
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Photographs of Ortega y Gasset 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Photographs of Ortega y Gasset with Others 3
Online
  Folder
Portraits and Caricatures of Ortega y Gasset 4
Online
  Folder
Miscellaneous Clippings Relating to Ortega y Gasset 5
Online

Goya 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises material compiled by Ramón for his biography on Goya. Included are many clippings of Goya’s art, as well as Ramón’s handwritten notes and manuscript pages for the biography.

  BoxFolder
Clippings of Goya’s Art 311-7
  Folder
"Una colección particular. Goya, Los López, Sorolla." Article Clipping from ABC, undated 8
Online
  Folder
"Desnudo de la duquesa," Loose Notes 9
Online
  Folder
"Desnudo de la duquesa," Loose Notes and Clippings 10
Online
  Folder
"Desnudo de la duquesa," Manuscripts 11
Online
  Folder
Article Clippings by Others about Goya’s Works 12
Online
  Folder
"Elementos gráficos para 'Goya total': La Duquesa de Alba, La Maja vestida, La Maja desnuda," Clippings 13
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Goya's Portraits, Birthplace, and Copy of One of His Handwritten Letters 14
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings of Goya's Paintings 321
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Goya's Portrait Paintings: Men 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Goya's Portrait Paintings: Women 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Goya's Religious Paintings and Sculptures 4
Online
  Folder
Photos and a Postcard of Goya's Works 5
Online

Carolina Coronado 

Scope and Content Notes

Carolina Coronado Romero de Tejada was a Spanish author and Ramón’s aunt. He published a book about her in 1942 entitled Mi tía Carolina Coronado (Editorial EMECE, Buenos Aires). Documents in this section include a radio script in dialogue form between Ramón and his aunt (in L. Sofovich’s hand), lecture sheets, and two autograph letters; one from Ramón’s cousin Rubén, dated December 4, 1929, in Segovia, in which he supplies information for the biography; and the second from Carolina to Rubén, dated May 1909. In addition, there are article clippings reviewing the book, including one by Julio Gómez de la Serna, his brother.

  BoxFolder
Correspondence Carolina Coronado – Rubén – Ramón - Horacio Perry, 1909, 1929, and undated 331
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Pictures Related to Carolina Coronado 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Articles About Carolina Coronado 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Articles by Unidentified Authors Related to Carolina Coronado 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Poetry by Carolina Coronado 5
Online
  Folder
Notes by Ramón 6
Online
  Folder
Manuscript Fragments by Ramón 7
Online
  Folder
"Archivar: Emisión Carolina Coronado," Radio Script 8
Online
  Folder
"Carolina Coronado: La gran poetisa del romanticismo," Manuscripts 9
Online

Picasso 

Scope and Content Notes

This section comprises mainly newspaper clippings on Picasso, plus two articles and one manuscript on the artist and his work by Ramón.

  Folder
Clippings of Picasso’s Art 10-11
  Folder
Clippings of Picasso and Family 12
  BoxFolder
Clippings by and on Picasso 341
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Picasso by Unidentified Authors 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Other Painters 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Picasso’s Women and Muses 4
Online
  Folder
Notes and Manuscript on Picasso by Ramón and Some Clippings 5
Online

Macedonio Fernández 

Scope and Content Notes

Featured here are a collection of letters and dedications from the Argentinian writer to Ramón from 1928 to 1949, plus many of Ramón’s handwritten notes and published clippings. The letters convey Macedonio Fernández ideas on literature and comment on Ramón’s work. The notes contain Ramón’s reflections on Fernández and were not included in the portrait published in Retratos Contemporáneos in 1941.

  Folder
Loose Notes by Ramón 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Writings by Macedonio Fernández 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings about Macedonio Fernández 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Writings by Adolfo Fernández de Obieta, 1940-1941 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Portraits of Macedonio Fernández 10
Online
  Folder
Correspondence from Macedonio Fernández to Ramón, 1928-1949 11
Online

Ramón María del Valle-Inclán ("Valle") 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains Ramón’s notes and a revised manuscript fragment, plus article and image clippings on the Spanish playwright and author. In respect to content, it appears that there is not much additional material compared to Ramón’s published biography of Valle-Inclán beyond a few phrases of admiration and a new comparison with a marabou illustrated by the author’s drawings.

  Folder
Loose Notes 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Images of Valle-Inclán 13
Online
  Folder
Typed Manuscript Fragments 14
Online
  Folder
Article Clippings of Valle-Inclán’s Writings 15
Online
  Folder
Article Clippings about Valle-Inclán 16
Online

Resumen cronológico Van Gogh 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains many notes for an unfinished biography of Van Gogh and an extensive chronological narration of his life in manuscript form, which was probably written between 1945 and 1950.

  BoxFolder
Notes on Van Gogh 351
Online
  Folder
"Ultimo momento de su locura-suicidio" 2
Online
  Folder
Notes on Van Gogh 3
Online
  Folder
"Autorretrato" 4
Online
  Folder
"Mitos-Símbolos" 5
Online
  Folders
Unidentified Manuscript 6
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript 7
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript (Lecture) 8
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript 9
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript 10
Online
  Folder
Article Clipping (Fragment) by Ramón on Van Gogh 11
Online
  Folder
"Grafica:" Clippings of Van Gogh’s Art 12

Unamuno 

Scope and Content Notes

In a letter to Luis de Olarra, dated February 6, 1958, Ramón explains that he tore up most of the drafts of his Unamuno biography. This section holds what is left of Unamuno-related materials, such as clippings of Unamuno poetry with Ramón’s notes, notes on existentialism, ideas on the role of literature and prose, a typescript article on “Unamuno y el sueño de la vida,” sent to Cela, who apparently rejected it for publication; and article clippings by Ramón’s and others on Unamuno.

  BoxFolder
Loose Notes by Ramón 361
Online
  Folder
"Unamuno y el sueño de la vida" 2
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript Fragment by Ramón 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Unamuno’s Poetry with Notes by Ramón 4
Online
  Folder
Article Clippings on Unamuno by Ramón and Others 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings of Unamuno and His Home 6
Online
  Folder
Loose Notes by Ramón 7
Online

José Gutiérrez Solana 

Scope and Content Notes

José Gutiérrez Solana was a Spanish painter and writer, who created the well-known painting of Ramón’s literary and artistic circle members "La Tertulia del Café Pombo." This section comprises notes and manuscript material by Ramón on Solana, as well as documents authored by Solana himself such as manuscript material with autobiographical information, essays, and letters written to Ramón.

  Folder
"Aventura amorosa," Manuscript by Solana 8
Online
  Folder
"El Café Candelas," Manuscript by Solana 9
Online
  Folder
"Un coleccionista," Manuscript by Solana 10
Online
  Folder
"Excursión a Sevilla," Manuscript by Solana 11
Online
  Folder
"Un gastrónomo," Manuscript by Solana 12
Online
  Folder
"La miniatura," Manuscript by Solana 13
Online
  Folder
Correspondence and Autobiographical Summary from Solana to Ramón, 1941 and undated 14
Online
  Folder
"Solana al Rastro," Loose Notes by Ramón 15
Online
  Folder
"Los carnavales y la pintura de Gutierrez Solana," Typescript by Ramón 16
Online
  Folder
"Éxito en América," Typescript by Ramón 17
Online
  Folder
"Gutierrez Solana: Sus agua fuertes," Typescript by Ramón 18
Online
  Folder
"El torero Lechuga," Typescript by Ramón 19
Online
  Folder
"Visita al hermano," Typescript by Ramón 20
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Typescript Fragment 21
Online
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscript Fragment 22
Online
  Folder
Article Clippings about Solana by Ramón and Others, 1955 and undated 23
Online
  Folder
Clippings and Photographs of Solana, His Art, and Related, 1907 and undated 24
Online

"Azorín" 

Scope and Content Notes

José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruíz, also known as Azorín (June 8, 1873, Monòver - March 2, 1967), was a Spanish writer and literary critic. This folder contains mainly portrait clippings of Azorín and photographs relating to the author.

  Folder
"Azorín: Ultimas notas y grafica" 25
Online

Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo 

Scope and Content Notes

Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (ca.1612 – February 10, 1667) was a Spanish Baroque portrait and landscape painter, the most distinguished of the followers of Velázquez, whose style he imitated more closely than any other artist. This folder contains clippings of an encyclopedia entry on the painter and several clippings of his works.

  Folder
"Del Mazo" 26
Online

Norah Borges 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains a three-page, annotated typescript that was located in the beginning of the published biography of Norah Borges authored by Ramón.

  Folder
"Norah Borges": Typescript 27
Online

Subseries  5. "Diccionario Manual" 

Scope and Content Notes

These cards appear to be a private working thesaurus compiled by Ramón showing his interest in and concern for language, and the picturesque and expressive richness of words. Usually, each card has on one side handwritten word lists and on the other pasted clippings of sayings, anecdotes, brief articles, or similar published texts.

  BoxFolder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 371
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 2
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 3
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 4
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 5
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 6
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 7
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 8
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 9
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 10
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 11
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 12
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 13
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 2-sided 14
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 15
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 16
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 17
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 18
Online
  BoxFolder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 381
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 2
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 3
Online
  Folder
Dictionary Cards, 1-sided 4
Online

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Series  III. Correspondence 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains correspondence, mainly from the Spanish playwright and novelist Enrique Jardiel Poncela, and letters from Ramón to Luis de Olarra and Ernesto Bustamante. Poncela supplies Ramón with his enthusiastic impressions of nationalist Spain during and after the Civil War. From the transcripts of the letters to Olarra, whose brother was the director of Espasa Calpe, we learn a few bibliographical and publishing details and some personal confidences. The letters to the Argentinian poet Bustamante reveal more bibliographical and biographical details while inquiring about books necessary for his work. The remaining less substantial letters are from Jules Supervielle, Manuel de Falla, Jean Cocteau, Camilo José Cela, José Calvo Sotelo, Marqués de Luca de Tena, Ortega y Gasset, Alberto Hidalgo, and Manuel Gálvez. In addition, there are four poems dedicated to Ramón from Latin American poets and the original of the letter from Miguel Moya about “El Torero Caracho,” which is referred to in “Automoribundie.”

  BoxFolder
Transcription of Selected Items from Box 39 391
Online
  Folder
Correspondence to Ernesto Bustamante, 1943-1960 2
Online
  Folder
Correspondence to Ernesto Bustamante, undated 3
Online
  Folder
Correspondence to Luís de Olarra, Transcripts, 1952-1961 4
Online
  Folder
Correspondence to Ramón, 1941-1962 5
  Folder
Correspondence to Ramón, 1926-1961 6
  Folder
Correspondence to Rodolfo Cardona from Teodoro Llanos Alvarez, 1963 7
  Folder
Drawings of Ramón 8
Online

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Series  IV. Clippings and Some Notes about International Authors, Artists, Intellectuals, and Artwork 

Scope and Content Notes

This series comprises article and some graphical clippings from newspapers and magazines on a variety of authors, artists, and intellectuals from countries such as United States, Great Britain, Ireland, and France. Most of the material is undated but an approximate date-range would probably fall between the 1930s to the late 1950s. A few of Ramón’s handwritten notes are interspersed among the clippings. It appears that he has compiled these clippings for inspiration, personal interest, or project-related work.

  BoxFolder
Clippings on US American Authors 401
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American Authors, 1937-1952 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American Authors, 1937-1958 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American and British Authors, 1948-1951 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American Authors 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American Authors 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British and Irish Authors 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on British and Irish Authors 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American and British Authors 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US and British Authors 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 13
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings on US American Artists and Intellectuals 411
Online
  Folder
Clippings and Notes on US American Artists 2
Clippings and Notes on US American Artists
  Folder
Clippings on US American Artists and Theatre 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American Authors 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American and British Authors 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American Author Mark Twain 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on British Author Charles Dickens 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on US American and British Authors 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American, British, and Irish Authors, Artists, and Scientists 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American Authors, Artitsts, and Intellectuals 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors, Artists, and Performers 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors 13
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors 14
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors 15
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly US American Authors 16
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors 421
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British and Irish Authors 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings and Ramón’s Notes on H.G. Wells 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British and French Authors 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly British Authors 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings on French Poet Francis Jammes 13
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 14
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 15
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings on Mostly German, Russian, and Scandinavian Authors, Artitsts, and Intellectuals 431
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly German, Russian, and Scandinavian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly German and Russian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly Russian, German, and Scandinavian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings on French Author André Gide 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings on French Author François Mauriac, 1952 and undated 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 13
Online
  Folder
Clippings on French Poet and Essayist Léon-Paul Fargue 14
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 15
Online
  Folder
Clippings on French Novelist and Playwright Honoré de Balzac 16
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 17
Online
  BoxFolder
Clippings on French and Italian Authors and Artists 441
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Italian Poet and Writer Ada Negri 2
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Italian Authors and Artists 3
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Italian Authors and Artists 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly Italian Authors and Artists 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly Italian Authors and Artists 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Italian Author and Poet Giovanni Boccaccio 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French, German, and Austrian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals 8
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 9
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists 10
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors 11
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists 12
Online
  Folder
Clippings on International Authors and Artists 13
Online
  BoxFolder
Imagage Clippings and Photographs on Mostly Authors, Artists, and Artworks 451
Online
  Folder
"Imágenes de Leda," Clippings and Notes 2
Online
  Folder
"Angeles," Clippings on Angels 3
Online
  Folder
"Tango," Notes and Clippings 4
Online
  Folder
Clippings Authored by or About Ramón 5
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Ramón’s Life and Work Postmortem, 1966-1967 and undated 6
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Ramón’s Life and Work, Mostly Postmortem, 1960, 1966-1968 7
Online
  Folder
Clippings on Ramón’s Death and Remembrance, 1967-1968 8
Online
  Folder
Banquet Announcements Honoring Ramón, 1966-1968 9
Online
  Folder
Caricatures of Authors and Artists (Fernand Divoire, Jean Borlin, and Others) 10
Online
  Folder
"Poets on Poetry," Mimeograph by Unknown Author 11
Online
  Folder
"Lenormand en el teatro. Nota y selección por Luisa Sofovich." 12
Online

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