Guide to the Fur Trader's Journal, 1775 DAR.1937.17

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Fur Trader's Journal
Collection Number
DAR.1937.17
Date
1775
Extent
0.21 linear feet
Abstract
This collection consists of a journal from an unidentified fur trader traveling in the region of the Du Lièvre Rivere, a tributary of the Ottawa River, in western Québec. The entries, covering May to June of 1775, document a journey during which the trader faced river rapids, a number of portages between waterways, and at times hostile trading partners from the Ottawa and Nipissing tribes. Also recorded are details of transactions and inventories. Digital reproductions of the collection are available online.

Preferred Citation

Fur Trader's Journal, 1775, DAR.1937.17, Darlington Collection, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Scope and Content Notes

This collection consists of a journal written by an unidentified fur trader traveling in the region of the Du Lièvre Rivere, a tributary of the Ottawa River, in western Québec. The entries, covering May to June of 1775, document a journey during which the trader faced river rapids, a number of portages between waterways, and at times hostile Indian trading partners. The author also describes travel on Lake Desable (Lac des Sables) and the Gatineau River, as well as several days spent in Montreal.

The trader seemed to have traveled with a number of people, including men referred to as Brazeau and Pero, as well as several unnamed Indian guides. He writes of crossing paths with other traders by the names of Dumullion, Jaques Gagnier, Mclean, Rosebud, and Lyons. The author's trading partners included members of the Ottawa, Nipissing, Atikamekw (referred to as Tetes-de-Boules), and Iroquois tribes. He writes of several tense negotiations which led to physical confrontations and threats of stealing the trader's goods. In one such incident, the trader was forced to flee an Indian settlement by canoe, leaving his Indian guide behind. The trader also describes difficulties caused by natural forces, including heavy rain, mosquitoes, and a canoe that overturned in river rapids.

The trader used his journal not only to describe the day's events, but also to record his inventory and details of transactions. The items exchanged included beaver skins, rum, blankets, shirts, tobacco, and flour. In Montreal, he writes of buying provisions and hearing news about "a war against the Bostonians."

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, November 2007

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

No copyright restrictions.

Custodial History

This collection was located in the Darlington Memorial Library in the University’s Cathedral of Learning until 2007 when it was moved to the ULS Archives Service Center for processing, storage, preservation and service. However, it remains in the custodianship of the ULS Special Collections Department.

Acquisition Information

Gift to the Darlington Memorial Library in 1937.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Matt Strauss in November 2007.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of this collection are available online.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Diaries

Geographic Name(s)

  • Gatineau River (Québec)
  • Lièvre River (Québec)
  • Montréal (Québec)
  • Québec (Province) -- History -- Sources
  • Sables, Lake of (Beresford, Québec)

Subject(s)

  • Fur trade -- Canada -- Québec (Province)
  • Fur traders -- Canada -- Québec (Province) -- Diaries
  • Indians of North America -- Canada -- Québec (Province)

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Previous Citation

Fur Trader's Journal, 1775, DAR.1937.17, Darlington Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

  BoxVolume
Fur Trader's Journal, 1775 11
("Fur Trader's Journal," online pending)

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