Guide to the Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records, 1968-2004 AIS.2004.14

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records
Creator
Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny.
Collection Number
AIS.2004.14
Date
1968-2004
Extent
41.25 linear feet (27 boxes, 1 oversize file)
Abstract
Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny (CRY) was a grassroots environmental organization that existed from 1985 to 1998 in Yukon, Pennsylvania, an unincorporated village in South Huntingdon Township. CRY worked to close down a nearby toxic waste disposal site owned by Mill Service, Inc., start cleanup and relocation programs, and to change legislation concerning waste management. The records include meeting minutes, correspondence, legal briefs, photographs, newspaper clippings, reports of surveys, posters, and videotapes. They show the progress and results of the group's efforts, including extensive public awareness campaigns, litigation, interaction with local and state government, and cooperation with other environmental groups.

Preferred Citation

Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records, 1976-2001, AIS.2004.14, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny (CRY) - also referred to as Concerned Residents of Yukon and the Youghiogheny - was a grassroots environmental organization that attempted to close down a toxic waste dump in Yukon, Pennsylvania from 1985 to 1998. Yukon is an unincorporated village located in South Huntingdon Township, Westmoreland County, inhabited mostly by retired industrial workers, many of whom live on fixed incomes in this rural community. In 1963, Mill Service, Inc. opened a hazardous waste disposal facility in Yukon. This facility disposed of strong acids used in steel production referred to as "pickle liquors," along with other waste products from industry, by storing them in large open pits called "impoundments" or "lagoons." These lagoons were dug over abandoned mine tunnels, which then drained into local streams and groundwater.

Beginning in the mid 1970s, residents of Yukon had complained of abnormally high rates of cancers and other ailments, as well as dying cattle, in their community. Individual attempts to alert local government officials brought unsatisfactory results, and in September of 1985 Yukon residents Nick and Angie Babich, Melbry Bolk, and Diana Steck decided to form a permanent organization while attending a conference held by the Citizens' Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes (CCHW). In October of that year, CRY was organized in Yukon at a town meeting and was incorporated as a non-profit organization shortly thereafter. CRY worked to close down Mill Service, Inc.'s Yukon disposal site, start cleanup and relocation programs, and change legislation concerning waste management. They pursued these goals through public awareness campaigns, government liaison efforts, community health tests and surveys, litigation, and grassroots outreach and fundraising. CRY also pioneered the first recycling program in Westmoreland County and trained many new environmental organizations in the western Pennsylvania region.

At times, CRY seemed close to achieving some of their goals, but their larger objectives were ultimately frustrated. The health of many members declined due to illnesses they attributed to the hazardous wastes, and some moved out of the area to escape the pollution. A unique challenge surfaced in 1997 when the Ku Klux Klan set up an office in Yukon and offered to help fight against Mill Service Inc. in an attempt to gain recruits. CRY led the community in a successful resistance against the Klan, which was their last accomplishment. The strain of that crisis was too much for the weakened group, and by 1998 CRY had effectively disbanded.

One member, Ed Collins, continued to pursue related aims on his own through 2004, and records of these are included in Series II. CRY's legacy endures in other ways: they formed the Pennsylvania Environmental Network as an alliance with other local grassroots environmental groups, including: Pennsylvanians United to Rescue the Environment, Citizens Against Toxic Sites, Group Against Smog and Pollution, and Kiski Valley Coalition to Save Our Children. At the national level, they also worked with organizations such as Greenpeace and kept up a close relationship with the Citizens' Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes.

In 1995, Mill Service, Inc. was consolidated with Allegheny Liquid Systems under the new name of MAX Environmental Technologies.

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Scope and Content Notes

The records in this collection cover the full duration of CRY's existence and represent the entirety of its activities. They show how the individual members and the group as a whole operated in pursuing their mission: how they organized themselves, gathered and used information, collaborated and negotiated with other agencies, and faced the challenges of limited resources and opposing government and business interests. Types of records include meeting minutes, correspondence, legal briefs, photographs, newspaper clippings, reports of surveys, posters, and videotapes. Many subjects and activities are represented across multiple files and series. Researchers should search the collection widely.

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Arrangement

The collection has been arranged into eleven series:

Series I: Minutes

Series II: Office Files

Series III: Health and Environmental Testing

Series IV: Mill Service, Inc. and Environmental Pollution

Series V: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), formerly Department of Environmental Resources (DER)

Series VI: Litigation

Series VII: News Releases and Newspaper Clippings

Series VIII: Files from the office of Pa. Representative Manderino

Series IX: Medical Records [RESTRICTED]

Series X: Posters

Series XI: Videotapes

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, October 4, 2005

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

In order to protect the privacy of individuals involved, and in compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), Series IX. Medical Records are closed to researchers until further notice.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Diana Steck (former president of CRY), August 2004.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Charles Stanford in 2005, with the assistance of Matt Novak for Series VI, VII and IX.

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Charles Stanford December 2005. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Voyager ID number: 4604241

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes (Arlington, Va.).
  • Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny.
  • MAX Environmental Technologies.
  • Mill Service, Inc.
  • Pennsylvania Environmental Network.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Westmoreland County (Pa.)
  • Yukon (Pa.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Babich, Angie
  • Babich, Nick
  • Bolk, Melbry
  • Casey, Robert P. (Robert Patrick), 1932-2000
  • Collins, Ed
  • Kukovich, Allen G.
  • Manderino, James J.
  • Specter, Arlen, 1930-2012
  • Steck, Diana
  • Thornburgh, Dick, 1932-

Subject(s)

  • Environment
  • Environmentalism -- Pennsylvania -- Westmoreland County
  • Environmentalists -- Pennsylvania -- Westmoreland County
  • Hazardous waste sites -- Pennsylvania -- Westmoreland County

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Previous Citation

Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records, 1976-2001, AIS.2004.14, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Minutes, 1985-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

Minutes from regular meetings, executive board meetings, and special meetings are filed together. Regular meetings were held on the second Monday of each month, Executive Board meetings were held weekly, and special meetings were called when situations arose that needed immediate attention from the members of the group. Minutes are arranged chronologically by year. Hand-written notes from some meetings and some financial reports are also found in this series.

  BoxFolder
Minutes, 1985-1997 11-13
  Folder
Hand-written notes from meetings, 1985-1997 14-16

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Series  II. Office Files, 1974-2004 

Scope and Content Notes

The bulk of this series comes from files which were kept in the CRY office. All of the main concerns of the organization are represented in this series, often under more than one heading. It also contains incomplete samples of financial records (mostly accounting ledgers), and information about CRY's status as a charitable organization, including the strategies they used for fundraising. There are records of specific activities and protests organized to raise public awareness, and many files containing writings of individual members, filed under their surnames. Other contents include research files on subjects relevant to the group's mission, administrative and operational records, and information about other environmental activist organizations, including the Pennsylvania Environmental Network and the Citizens' Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes. The files dealing with legislative acts do not contain copies of the acts themselves.

  Folder
Accounting Ledgers, 1985-1998 17
  Folder
Activities 18
  Folder
Addresses (CRY Members) 19
  Folder
Addresses (Yukon) 20
  Folder
Affidavit of Appeal 21
  Folder
Alice Watershed 22
  Folder
Air (Indoor) 23
  Folder
Air Quality 24
  Folder
Air Quality Services, Ltd. 25
  Folder
Ammunition Against DER and MS 26
  Folder
Annual Reports 27
  Folder
Anto 28
  Folder
Application for Solid Waste Disposal Permit 29
  Folder
Appraisers - Julian Fine 30
  Folder
Articles of Incorporation 31
  Folder
Arway, John - Fisheries Biologist 32
  BoxFolder
ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) 21
  Folder
ATSDR - Nov 18, 1991 2
  Folder
Attendance Sheets 3
  Folder
Attorney General Preate 4
  Folder
Auditor General 5
  Folder
Babich 6
  Folder
Barauskas III Joseph Report 7
  Folder
Bazala 8
  Folder
Berman Report 9
  Folder
Bingo 10
  Folder
BFI (Browning-Ferris Industries, Inc.) 11-12
  Folder
Birthday Balloon Launch 13
  Folder
Board Members 14
  Folder
Bolef, Dan 15-17
  Folder
Bolef, Dan: Notes for Extended Treatment of Law Forum Article 18
  Folder
Bolef, Dan: DER Protocols 19
  Folder
Bolk family 20-21
  Folder
Budget Information 22
  Folder
Bulger, Pa. 23
  Folder
Bulk Mailing Information 24-25
  Folder
Bullfrog Films 26
  Folder
By-Laws 27-28
  Folder
Capitol Building Map and Directions 29
  Folder
Casey, Governor - Relocation, etc. 30
  Folder
Casey Form Letters 31
  Folder
Casey Letters 32
  Folder
Casey Wanted Posters 33
  Folder
Casey X 34
  Folder
CATS (Citizens Against Toxic Sites) 35
  Folder
CCHW (Citizens' Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes) 36-38
  BoxFolder
Cement Kilns 31
  Folder
Certificate of Achievement 2
  Folder
Chambers, Atwoods 3
  Folder
Charitable Organization status (including small games of chance) 4
  Folder
CHD (Campaign for Human Development) Grants, 1986-1992 5-17
  Folder
Chelation 18
  Folder
Chem Nuclear Systems, Inc. 19
  Folder
Chemical Information 20
  Folder
Citizens' Advisory Council to DER, 1983-1984 21
  Folder
Citizens' Complaint Forms (DER) 22-24
  Folder
Citizens' Complaints of Dust Clouds 25
  BoxFolder
Clarion - Directions to 41
  Folder
Cleanup Options 2
  Folder
Clinton-Gore, letters to 3
  Folder
Closure #5 - Misc. 4
  Folder
Coburn Case - Attorney Albert J. Slapp 5
  Folder
Collins, Ed 6
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, Last Gasps, 1996-2004 7
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, Clinic, 1996-2004 8
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, DEP, 1996-2004 9-10
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, Public Participation, 1996-2004 11
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, Dave Kodrin (PEN, Grants), 1996-2004 12
  Folder
Collins, Ed: Post-CRY Files, Yukon Community Clinic Letter, 1996-2004 13
  Folder
Commissioners' Meeting, February 25, 1993 14
  Folder
Community Organization 15
  Folder
Compost Patch 16
  Folder
Consent Order, 1974 17
  Folder
Consent Orders 18
  Folder
Conservation Report - Camille George 19
  Folder
Contacts 20-21
  Folder
Contaminants 22
  Folder
Contaminated Homes - Memo, August 1985 23
  Folder
Cookbook Information 24
  Folder
Correspondence - General 25
  Folder
Correspondence - Government 26
  Folder
County Commissioners 27
  Folder
CRY Core Files 28-30
  Folder
CRY - CNN 31
  Folder
CRY - Early '87, 1987 32
  Folder
CRY - What It Is 33
  Folder
CWAP (Clean Water Action Project) 34
  Folder
DER Shutdown of MS, 1991-1992 35
  Folder
De-watering of Western Lagoon #6 36
  Folder
Dickinson College 37
  Folder
Dioxin Treatment 38
  Folder
DUQ 39
  Folder
Duritsa "Hanging" 40
  Folder
Earth Day 41-42
  Folder
Emergency Evacuation Plan, 1987 43
  Folder
Emissions 44
  Folder
Envirite Corporation 45
  BoxFolder
Environmental Health Network 51
  Folder
EHB (Environmental Hearing Board) 2
  Folder
Environmental Organizations 3
  Folder
Environmental Pamphlets 4
  Folder
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) 5-6
  Folder
Environmental Task Force 7
  Folder
Environmental Testing 8
  Folder
EQB and Citing Criteria 9
  Folder
FASE (Foundation for Achievments in Science and Education) 10
  Folder
Fiberglass and Cancer 11
  Folder
Fluoride Toxicity 12
  Folder
Free-COL Labs: Analytical Report 13
  Folder
GASP (Group Against Smog and Pollution) 14
  Folder
Geology Reports 15
  Folder
Gibbs - Photo 16
  Folder
Global Warming Watch 17
  Folder
Golf Tournament, 1996 18
  Folder
Grants 19-22
  Folder
Greenpeace 23
  Folder
Groundwater 24
  Folder
Groundwater Conference Notes 25
  Folder
Guest Speakers - Bios 26
  Folder
Harper, Barbara (DER Toxicologist) 27
  Folder
Harris, Glen (Clippings) 28
  Folder
Hazardous Materials Incident Reports 29
  Folder
Health 30
  Folder
Health Clinic 31
  Folder
Inspection Reports 32-33
  Folder
Japanese Information of Hazardous Waste 34
  Folder
Jewish Healthcare Foundation 35
  Folder
Kautz, Tim and Sandy 36-37
  BoxFolder
King, Linda (Compiled by Dan Bolef) 61
  Folder
Kiwanis 2
  Folder
Korber, Diane 3
  Folder
Kostmayer, Peter H. 4
  Folder
Kukovich, Allen 5
  Folder
Lagoon #5 - Closure 6
  Folder
Landfills - Existing and Proposed 7-8
  Folder
Lappe Report Proof 9
  Folder
Letters (Health - from Doctors) 10
  Folder
Letters to Editor ( Tribune Review) 11
  Folder
Liner Information 12
  Folder
Love Canal 13
  Folder
LuLu Dilemma 14
  Folder
Manderino 15
  Folder
Mihalich, Herman 16
  Folder
McDonald Report 17-18
  Folder
McToxins - Styrofoam 19
  Folder
Media Information 20
  Folder
Medical Waste 21
  Folder
Member Lists 22
  Folder
Mill Service Customer List 23
  Folder
Mill Service Expansion - Map 24
  Folder
Mine Permit Information - DER 25
  Folder
Miranda, Dr. 26
  Folder
Municipal Landfill - Pa. Permit Procedure 27
  Folder
Municipal Waste Information 28
  Folder
Murphy, Austin J. (Information prepared for) 29
  Folder
Newsletters 30-31
  Folder
Nuclear Accidents and Safety 32
  Folder
Office Staff 33
  Folder
Ometz, Lewis 34
  Folder
Omni Report 35
  Folder
Organizations and their Member Addresses 36
  Folder
Organizing Information 37
  Folder
Pathway - Bazala's, 2/5/94 38
  Folder
PCB's 39
  Folder
PEN (Pennsylvania Environmental Network) 40-44
  BoxFolder
Pennsylvania State Study - Revitalization of Coal Mine Areas 71
  Folder
Permit #6 2
  Folder
Pesticides 3
  Folder
Petitions, Signed 4
  Folder
Phelps, Gail 5
  Folder
Political Letters 6-8
  Folder
Polluter of the Month Award 9-10
  Folder
Polluters Plan 11
  Folder
Popular Epidemiology 12
  Folder
Pornography Shop 13
  Folder
Poster Contest 14
  Folder
Project Planning Out Time 15
  Folder
Public Hearing/Proposal Facility 16-17
  Folder
Public Relations 18
  Folder
PUC Information 19
  Folder
Putting the Heat on Polluters 20
  Folder
Quarterly Reports, 1986-1993 21-24
  Folder
Questions to Ask 25
  Folder
Radioactive Waste 26
  Folder
RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) Reports, 1986 27-28
  Folder
Real Estate Information 29
  Folder
Recycling 30
  BoxFolder
Regulating Low Level Radioactive Waste in Pa. (DER meeting) 81
  Folder
Relocation 2-4
  Folder
Residual Waste Beneficial Use Approvals - Mill Service 5
  Folder
Resignations - CRY Board Members 6
  Folder
Right to Know Information 7
  Folder
Rupp, David and Carol 8
  Folder
Rupp, Ray 9
  Folder
Resolution - Westmoreland County Commissioners 10
  Folder
SARA - Title III (Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act) 11
  Folder
Seton Hill Information 12
  Folder
Sierra Club 13
  Folder
Siting Criteria 14
  Folder
Skits 15-16
  Folder
"SLAPPy" Company index (Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation) 17
  Folder
Soil Sampling Plan - DER 18
  Folder
Solid Waste Disposal Act 19
  Folder
Solid Waste Permit #301671 - Minor Permit Modification 20
  Folder
Songsheets 21
  Folder
South Huntingdon Cancer Mortality Rate 22
  Folder
South Huntington Supervisor, Hempfield Mill Service Water Lines 23
  Folder
Specter, Arlen 24
  Folder
Steck, Diana, including correspondence 25-27
  Folder
Stewardship (Christian ecological ministry) 28
  Folder
Strahl, Frank and Gretchen 29
  Folder
Stress Workshop Notes 30
  Folder
Superfund 31-32
  Folder
Sweeper Bag Tests 33
  Folder
Sworn Statements 34
  Folder
Take Pride in America 7th National Awards Program 35
  Folder
Three-Mile Island 36
  Folder
Thornburgh, Governor 37-38
  BoxFolder
Tolerance and Civil Rights (Ku Klux Klan invasion and protest), 1997 91-3
  Folder
Town Meeting, 1/31/91 4
  Folder
Toxic Chemicals 5
  Folder
Toxological Evaluation 6
  Folder
User Fees 7-8
  Folder
Violations, Notice of - DER 9
  Folder
Waste Codes 10
  Folder
Waste Management, Inc. 11
  Folder
Waste Reduction 12
  Folder
Water Information 13
  Folder
Westinghouse, Incinerator, Research Permit 14-16
  Folder
Wetlands 17
  Folder
Wofford, Senator 18
  Folder
Yearly Reports 19
  Folder
Yough School District Farm 20
  Folder
Yukon Site History 21
  Folder
Zoning and Planning 22-23

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Series  III. Health and Environmental Testing 

Scope and Content Notes

The possibility of compensation for the residents of Yukon for health damages rested mainly on the results of a DER-commissioned health study of South Huntingdon Township, in which Yukon is located. This study was conducted from 1986 to 1988. Several other tests and surveys were conducted around the Yukon area in order to determine the extent of pollution coming from the dump site and the effects of the pollution on the health of residents. Some were conducted by the DER and some were commissioned by CRY from independent contractors in hopes that the results would provide more conclusive evidence to support the group's claims in court. Additional documentation of other environmental tests can be found in series IV.

  Folder
Air Tests of Homes 24
  Folder
Animal Testing 25
  Folder
Basement Test (ATSDR), 1991 26
  Folder
Citizens' Environmental Lab - Reports 27
  Folder
Cokeburg and Yukon Health Studies 28
  BoxFolder
Cancer Study Information 101
  Folder
Cancer Mortality in South Huntingdon Township 2
  Folder
Cancer and Other Diseases 3
  Folder
Comments of CCHW - Health Survey 4
  Folder
Diana's Family Health 5
  Folder
Dr. Miranda 6
  Folder
Environmental Testing, various 7
  Folder
Epidemiology Studies 8-9
  Folder
Health Departments - Correspondence 10-11
  Folder
Health, Pa. Department of 12
  Folder
Health Effects of Toxic Chemicals 13
  Folder
Health File 14
  Folder
Health Questionnaire 15
  Folder
Health Replies from Doctors 16
  Folder
Health Studies and Surveys 17-21
  Folder
Industrial Testing (Texaco) 22
  Folder
K-Chem Lab Testing - Kodrin 23
  Folder
Lappe, Dr. M, Health Report 24
  Folder
Miscellaneous Tests - Sources Not Named 25
  Folder
Mortality Rate in Yukon 26
  Folder
Robertson, Greg (DER) - Testing Methods 27
  Folder
Soil Tests 28
  Folder
VOC 29-30
  Folder
Water Tests 31
  Folder
Drinking Water Tests - Domestic Wells 32-36
  BoxFolder
Groundwater Tests, Mill Service 111-9
  Folder
Yukon Health Study 10
  Folder
Yukon Mortality and Death Certificates 11

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Series  IV. Mill Service, Inc. and Environmental Pollution 

Scope and Content Notes

Many of the records in this series specifically relate to permits granted to Mill Service by the Department of Environmental Resources (DER), and the monitoring of their procedures and operations in order to detect pollution and safety hazards. Mill Service's Yukon facility and a separate facility in Bulger, Pa. were repeatedly found to be in violation of permit terms over their years of operation. In 1985, the DER issued Consent Orders for the two facilities, which allowed their continued operations, providing proof of Mill Service's on-going actions to redress past and current environmental pollution. A copy of this consent order can be found in Series VI (Litigation). Much of the series also documents the plan, proposed by Mill Service, Inc. in 1985, to close one of the waste lagoons, Impoundment No. 5, and the creation in 1987 of a new lagoon, Impoundment No. 6, by a combination of strip mining and blasting.

  Folder
Allegheny Ludlum Pickle Liquor 12
  Folder
Assessment Charge - Mill Service 13
  Folder
Attachments - Plans for waste impoundments 14-22
  Folder
Bender, Carl - letters from 23
  Folder
Benefit Fee Reports, 1989-1990 24
  Folder
Blast Proposal Notice 25
  Folder
Bulger 26
  Folder
Case Studies 27
  Folder
Chemical Analysis of Different Companies and Consultant Reports 28
  Folder
Civil Penalty Payment $250,000 29
  Folder
Closure Cost Estimates 30
  Folder
Closure Info 31
  Folder
Closure Plan #5 32
  Folder
Compliance History Form C 33
  Folder
Closure #6 Final Design Report 34
  Folder
Construction #6 35
  Folder
Correspondence, Mill Service - Internal and Political, 1972-1991 36-39
  Folder
Customers (of Mill Service, Inc.) 40
  Folder
Dike Stability 41
  BoxFolder
Discharge Monitoring Reports, 1980-1992 121
  Folder
Domestic Well Survey - Mill Service 2
  Folder
Economic Impairment Study 3
  Folder
EPA Organic and Inorganic Analysis Report 4
  Folder
EPA Site Inspection of Mill Service 5
  Folder
EPA Toxic Inventory 6-8
  Folder
Evaluation of Chemistry and Industrial Processes at Mill Service 9
  Folder
Exposure Information Reports 10-11
  Folder
Fact Sheets 12
  Folder
Financial Responsibility Documents, 1985-1986 13
  Folder
Furnace Dusts 14
  Folder
Hazardous Waste Facilities Plan Comments 15
  Folder
Hazardous Waste Inspection Report 16
  Folder
Hazard Code - Waste Transport 17
  Folder
Hazardous Waste Types 18
  Folder
Hydrogeological Report, 1984 19
  Folder
Hydrogeological Assessment for #5 20
  Folder
Hydrogeological Report for #6, 1985 21
  Folder
Impoundment #5 Inspections 22
  Folder
Impoundment #5 Leachate Characterization 23
  Folder
Impoundment #6 Application 24-28
  BoxFolder
Impoundment #6 Groundwater Monitoring System Installation 131
  Folder
Impoundment #6 Information 2
  Folder
Impoundment #6 Inspection 3
  Folder
Incentives for New Facility 4
  Folder
Industrial Waste Disposal at Permitted Sites 5
  Folder
Interim Operating Guidance 6
  Folder
Lime Stabilization 7
  Folder
Maps 8-12
  Folder
Mill Service Background by David Free 13
  Folder
Mill Service Blasting Permit 14
  Folder
Mill Service Bulger Violations 15
  Folder
Mill Service Compliance Problems 16
  Folder
Mill Service Employee Absence Record 17
  Folder
Mill Service Inspection Reports, 1991 18
  Folder
Mill Service History by Diana Steck 19
  Folder
Mill Service Mining, Blasting Information 20
  Folder
Mill Service Permit "File #2" 21
  Folder
NUS-TDD #F3-8308-23 Report (Site inspection) 22
  Folder
Pathways 23
  Folder
Permits 24-31
  BoxFolder
Permits 141-2
  Folder
Pollutional Study of Mill Service 3
  Folder
Post-Closure Plan #5 4-5
  Folder
Pre-blast survey 6
  Folder
Quality Assurance - Review for Organics 7
  Folder
RCRA Facility Assessment - Phase II Report 8
  Folder
Replies to Mill Service 9
  Folder
Reports 10-13
  Folder
Sampling and Analysis Procedure #6 14
  Folder
Sanitary Survey Forms 15
  Folder
Summary of Penetrometer Tests 16
  Folder
Tank Information #4 17
  Folder
Toxic Chemical Release Inventory and Report 18
  Folder
Transporter Contingency Plan 19
  Folder
Waste Characteristics #6 20
  Folder
Waste Generators 21
  Folder
Water Storage and Hauling 22-23
  Folder
Water Analysis Report 24

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Series  V. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), formerly Department of Environmental Resources (DER) 

Scope and Content Notes

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection is the government agency responsible for regulating the operations of businesses that have an impact on the environment. They maintain a website at: http://www.dep.state.pa.us. The DEP has the authority to issue, suspend, and revoke permits for storage and treatment of various kinds of wastes and for other related operations. In this role and as the host of the Environmental Hearing Board until 1988, the formerly named Department of Environmental Resources was the main agency that CRY dealt with in its mission to close down Mill Service's waste storage site in Yukon. The Department changed its name to the Department of Environmental Protection in 1995. These files hold correspondence between DER officials, Mill Service personnel, CRY members, and others; records of public meetings held between DER and CRY; and information on various operations conducted by the DER. It overlaps Series IV somewhat in its scope.

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Correspondence: Various 25-26
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Correspondence: CRY and its members 27-32
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Correspondence: Duritsa, Charles and Bender, Carl 33-35
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Correspondence: Mill Service, Inc. 36-39
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Correspondence: Attorneys for CRY (Phelps, Gail and Ging, Robert) 151-2
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Correspondence: Politicians 3-6
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Draft Risk Assessment for Hazardous Waste Incineration 7
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Impoundment #6 - Inspection 8-9
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Meetings - CRY and DER, 1987-1994 10-15
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Municipal Waste Regulations 16
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Permits 17-18
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Press Releases and Clippings 19
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Reports 20-23
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Soil Information 24
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Standards 25
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Waste Analysis and Classification 26-27

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Series  VI. Litigation 

Scope and Content Notes

These records document CRY's legal challenges to Mill Service, Inc.'s waste disposal operations in southwest Pennsylvania from 1986 through 1994. One of the main cases was first brought to the Environmental Hearing Board (EHB), a distinct judicial arm of the DER (now DEP), by CRY and Westmoreland County to challenge the legitimacy of permits granted by the DER to Mill Service for waste disposal, construction, and mining. Another main case represented was brought by Yukon residents petitioning for relief or compensation from Mill Service for deleterious effects to health and property values (multiple complaints were soon consolidated). Suits were also filed by Mill Service and the DER against CRY and its members in response to disruptive demonstrations staged near Mill Service and DER properties. Though CRY's challenges to Mill Service's permits resulted in periods of temporary suspension for the company, the allegations of unlawful conduct were never resolved in CRY's favor, and a protracted series of appeals was finally abandoned in 1994 when CRY's finances did not allow for counsel. The DER ultimately approved all Mill Service operations based on the Consent Order and amendments.

Appeals of EHB decisions are heard in Pa. Commonwealth Court. Challenges and petitions for relief were heard variously in the Courts of Common Pleas of Westmoreland and Allegheny Counties, the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania in Pittsburgh, and the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Not all actions were pursued to definitive decision; several were dismissed or dropped after relatively short periods of time. Legal briefs, complaints, motions and appeals are arranged chronologically and secondarily by docket or case number. In instances of transfer between courts, or consolidation, several different case or docket numbers may be assigned to a single general legal action. There is also a section of legal correspondence, mostly to and from CRY's attorneys: Gail Phelps until 1988, Robert J. Ging from 1988 to 1994.

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Outline of EHB Appeal Process 28
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Mill Service Consent Agreements with EPA/DER, 1975-1976 29
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Consent Orders, Pa. DER v. Mill Service, Inc. Nos. 1406-07 C.D. 1985 in the Commonwealth Court of Pa.., May 24, 1985 30
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Amendment No. 1 to Consent Order and Adjudication, In the Matter of Mill Service, May 14, 1990 31
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Legal Statement to Support Pa.'s Final Authorization of the Hazardous Waste Management Program, October 1985 32
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Babich (et al.) v. Mill Service (et al.). Civil Division No. 2070 of 1985 in the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., 1985-1988 33-35
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Health Surveys- Kodrin, 1986 36
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Co. of Westmoreland V. Mill Service, No. 8075 of 1985 in Court of Common Please of Westmoreland Co., Complaint in Equity, 1985 37
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Seaton v. Mill Service, No. 8107 of 1986 in the Civil Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., 1986 38
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Babich (et al.) v. Mill Service (et al.). C.A. No. 87-0210 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pa., 1987-1989 39
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Copies of Pa. DER Permits (to Mill Service for Impoundment No. 6) Nos. 301071, E65-164, D-65-163, and (65) 65-84-8-2, August 6, 1986 40
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Notice of Appeal of Permits by CRY (et al.), in the matter of CRY v. Pa. DER before the EHB in the matter of Mill Service, Sept. 3, 1986 41
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Notice of Appeal of Permits by Westmoreland Co., Sept. 5, 1986 42
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CRY (et al.) v. Mill Service in the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., Complaint, 1986 43
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EHB No. 86-154-R 161
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CRY, et al., v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB No. 86-513-R (Consolidated with 86-438-R to 86-512-R), AND Westmoreland Co. v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB No. 86-515-R, 1986-1990 2-7
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Mill Service v. Pa. DER (and CRY, intervener), EHB No. 86-514-R, 1986-1987 8-10
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CRY v. Pa. DER (and Mill Service, intervener), EHB No. 89-113-F, 1989 11
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CRY v. Pa. DER, EHB No. 89-133-W (later consolidated EHB 89-513-R), 1989 12
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CRY v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB No. 86-513-MJ, 1990-1993 13-14
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Mill Service v. Pa. DER, EHB No. 87-438-R, 1988 15
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Steck v. Mill Service et al., No. 4646 of 1989, in the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., 1989 16
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Petition for Writ of Certorari by the Pa. DER, Docket No. 06105-1989 in the Civil Division, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny Co., 1989 17
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Petition for Writ of Certorari by the Pa. DER, No. S.A. 2636-89 in the Civil Division, Statutory Appeals, Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny Co., 1989 18
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Mill Service v. CRY (et al.), No. 7195 of 1989 in the Civil Division, Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., 1989-1991 19
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CRY v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB Notice of Appeal, May 1989 20
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CRY v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB No. 89-133-MJ, 1990-1993 21-22
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CRY and Westmoreland Co. v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, No. 458 C.D. 1993 and No. 501 C.D. 1993 in the Commonwealth Court of Pa., 1993-1994 23-24
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CRY v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, No. 1986 C.D. 1993 in the Commonwealth Court of Pa., 1993-1994 25
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CRY v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, No. 634 W.D. Allocatur Docket 1994 in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1994-1995 171
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CRY v. Pa. DER, No. 14 W.D. Appeal Docket 1995 in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1995 2
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CRY et al. v. Mill Service, C.A. No. 90-0923 in U.S. District Court, 3rd Circuit, for Western District of Pa.., 1990 3-8
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CRY (et al.) v. Mill Service, No. 3078 of 1990 in the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland Co., 1990-1993 9-12
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Mill Service v. CRY (et al.) and Pa. DER, No. 2506 C.D. 1991 in the Commonwealth Court of Pa., 1992 13
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Mill Service v. CRY (et al.), No. 632 W.D. Allocatur Docket in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1992 14
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CRY (et al.) v. Mill Service, No. 0005 W.D. Appeal Docket 1993 in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1993 15-17
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CRY et al. v. Mill Service and Pa. DER, No. 247 M.D. 1994 in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1994 18
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CRY v. Pa. DER, Mill Service, petitioner, No. 621 W.D. Allocatur Docket 1995 in the Supreme Court of Pa., 1995 19
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Notice of Appeal of Permit No. 301071 and Modification, Request for Public Hearing, 1991 20
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CRY v. Pa. DER, EHB No. 91-544-MJ, 1991-1992 21
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CRY (and Westmoreland Co). v. Pa. DER and Mill Service, EHB No. 92-106-MJ, 1992-1995 22
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Mill Service v. Pa. DER, EHB No. 92-251-MJ, 1993 23
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CRY v. Pa. DER (and Mill Service), EHB No. 92-249-MJ, 1992-1993 24-27
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EHB Jan 1995 and DIB - Scurrilous Comments, 1995 28
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Property Tax Assessments/Appeals, 1990-1997 29
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IRS Tax Assessment, 1993 30
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Commonwealth of Pa. v. Frank Trputec, No. 00802 Pittsburgh, 1986 in the Superior Court of Pa., May 1987 31
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City of Coatesville v. Delaware Container Co., Nos. 88-1688, 88-1763, 88-1816 in the U.S. Court of Appeals, 3rd Circuit, Eastern District of Pa." Brief of Amicus Curiae" (Manderino and CRY, Pa. DER), 1987-1989 181-3
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Envirotrol v. Paul Morack, et al., No. 1866-1991 in the Civil Div., Court of Common Pleas of Beaver Co., 1991 4
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Alice Water Protection Assoc. v. Commonwealth of Pa., Pa. DEP, and Amerikohl Mining, EHB No. 95-112-R, "Brief of Amicus Curiae" (CRY, et al.) 5
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Mill Service, Inc. Benefit Fee Case 6
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Ging Policy Legislation, 1989-1991 7
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Litigation Notes 8
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Public Interest Law Group 9
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Correspondence: Phelps, Gail 10-12
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Correspondence: Ging, Robert 13-27

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Series  VII. News Releases and Clippings 

Scope and Content Notes

Media coverage of the group and its activities served to publicize CRY's mission, and was a primary factor in the group's effectiveness. The group put out news releases and kept copies of them, along with clippings and copies of articles and cartoons published in Western Pennsylvania regional newspapers, and local and national magazines. These clippings represent public perceptions of CRY and Mill Service, Inc., and chronicle key activities and events, including public protests, citizen actions, the process of legal petitions, and town meetings, as well as developments at Mill Service's Yukon site, from CRY's inception in 1985 through 2001. Other topics covered by the articles include a government investigation and reorganization of the State of Pennsylvania's Department of Environmental Resources (DER), and contemporary citizens' groups and legal actions aimed at environmental protection and clean-up nation-wide. The articles focus on environmental issues in the Appalachian region, notably the Youghiogheny River and Sewickley Creek watersheds. Files are arranged chronologically by year.

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News Releases, 1985-1993 28-39
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News Clippings, 1984-1989 191-7
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News Clippings, 1990-1997 201-6
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News Clippings, including Cartoons, undated 7-11

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Series  VIII. Files from the office of Pa. Representative Manderino 

Scope and Content Notes

CRY wrote to many politicians to raise awareness of their situation and garner support for their mission. They specifically sought to form relationships with state legislators, and State Representative James J. Manderino became one of their dedicated allies. He and his executive assistant Herman Mihalich (later a Representative himself) kept files pertaining to their dealings with and on behalf of CRY, and these are arranged alphabetically and later by subject. The photographs of the Mill Service site in the first part are generally in poor condition and with little identification.

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Articles (News Clippings) 211
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Blasting Permit 2
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Bolk 3
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Casey, Governor and EPA - Letters to 4
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Citizens of Area 5
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Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates 6
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Consent Orders 7
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Correspondence 8
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Court Cases 9
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CRY 10
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DER 12
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EPA 12
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Groundwater Remediation 13
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Hazardous Waste Permit 14
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Health Department 15
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Health Study 16
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Herman (Mihalich) 17-18
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Insurance 19
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Lagoon #5 221
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Lagoon #6 2
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Maps 3
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Memos 4
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Mill Service 5-6
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Mill Service Interim Status 7-8
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Mill Service Permits 9-12
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Miscellaneous/Yukon Acid Plant 13
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Pictures 14
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Press Releases 15
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Regulations 16
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Reports/Studies 17
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RCRA Complaint 231
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Solid Waste Disposal Permit 2
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Surface Mining Permit 3-4
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Acid Rain 5
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Chesapeake Bay (Cleanup) 6
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Coal 7
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Energy Partners/TAS Systems 8
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Environmental Education 9
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Incineration 10
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Landfill 11
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Low-Level Radioactive Disposal 12
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Municipal Waste Dumps 13
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OSHA Right to Know 14
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Recycling 15
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Superfund 16
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South Huntingdon Township 241
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Toxic Health Advisory Committee 2
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University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine 3
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Waste Permits - Non-hazardous 4
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Westmoreland County 5
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Westmoreland County DA 6
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Wetlands 7
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Yukon Residents 8
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Yukon/South Huntingdon Water 9
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CRY Activities: Yukon/Babich 251
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CRY Activities: Mill Service Insurance Documents 2
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CRY Activities: CRY Health Study 3
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CRY Activities: CRY Mill Service 4
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CRY Activities: CRY News Releases 5
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CRY Activities: CRY Yukon 6
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CRY Activities: Environmental Hearing Board 7

Subseries Mill Service Blasting Operations 

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8-12
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Environmental Studies- Water Studies 13
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Environmental Studies- Pa. Potential Hazardous Sites - 1981 List, 1981 14
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Environmental Studies- 1981 Superfund EPA States Cooperative Agreements, 1981 15
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Environmental Studies- Armco 16
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Environmental Studies- Wetlands 17
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Docket #86-514-R 18
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Newspaper Clippings 19
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Commonwealth Court CD 1406-85 20
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Maps 21
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Bulger Consent Order 22
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Sludge Samples 23
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Complaint CA 87-0210 24
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Ellyn Weiss (research attorney) 25
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Plaintiff's Response to motion 12 B (1) (5) (6) 26
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Mill Service Response to Motion 2-24-87 27
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Babich 28
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Complaint 87-0210, Babich 86-1205 29
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Mill Service Insurance - Babich 86-1205 30
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- Mihalich, Herman 31
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Litigation Against Mill Service, Inc.- David W. Free, Report 32

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Series  IX. Medical Records 

Scope and Content Notes

Medical records consist of laboratory and physician's reports, patient histories, signed doctor and patient statements, and correspondence concerning residents of Yukon, Pa., and surrounding areas, who believed they were suffering negative health consequences of exposure to pollutants. Reports deal with toxicology and tissue analysis, and the treatment of respiratory ailments, hepatitis, anemia, and cancers. Correspondence largely deals with patient and attorney requests for records, and patient and physician forms of consent, which qualified the reports for use as evidence in CRY's court proceedings. Copies of medical files were submitted to CRY attorney Robert Ging, Esq.

In order to protect the privacy of individuals involved, and in compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), these records are restricted and closed to researchers until further notice.

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Medical Records [RESTRICTED] 26

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Series  X. Posters 

Scope and Content Notes

Homemade, hand-lettered signs and posters were used by CRY in protests and other activities. These include some montages of photographs taken by group members.

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Posters Oversize

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Series  XI. Videotapes 

Scope and Content Notes

Most of these are damaged and need to be repaired before they can be viewed. Many of them are labeled as documenting group activities or as copies of television programs.

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Videotapes 27

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