Guide to the Lillian A. Friedberg Papers, 1904-1975 AIS.2000.04

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Lillian A. Friedberg Papers
Creator
Friedberg , Lillian A. (Lillian Adlow), 1897-1978
Collection Number
AIS.2000.04
Date [inclusive]
1904-1975
Extent
12.5 linear feet (13 boxes)
Abstract
The Lillian A. Friedberg Papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, educational material, war publications, materials regarding her involvement in Jewish organizations in the Pittsburgh area, and postcards for the period of 1904-1975. Digital reproductions of selected material is available online.
Sponsor Note
This finding aid has been encoded as a part of the Historic Pittsburgh project a joint effort of the University of Pittsburgh and the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. Funding for this portion of the project has been donated by the Hillman Foundation.

Preferred Citation

Lillian A. Friedberg Papers, 1904-1975, AIS.2000.04, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

Lillian Adlow Friedberg was born on December 18, 1897 in Boston, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of Eastern European immigrants who arrived in the United States in the 1880's. Lillian attended the Dillaway School from 1904-1910 and the Girls' Latin School from 1910-1914, both in Boston. She studied history, English and government at Radcliffe College, where she earned both a Bachelor and Master of Arts degree. In 1918 she married Emanuel Friedberg, a Harvard Medical School graduate . Lillian and Emanuel settled in Pittsburgh where Emanual established a medical practice in the Hill District. The Friedbergs had two children, Judith and Simeon.

Lillian was known for her active leadership and participation in community organizations in the Pittsburgh area. She was the Executive Director of the Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC) of Pittsburgh from 1943-1965. During her tenure, Lillian was the only female Executive Director of the numerous JCRC organizations throughout the country.

Lillian also served on the boards of many (Jewish) communal agencies, as a professional lecturer affiliated with the Jewish Center Lecture Bureau, and an author of many subjects, including education, women's status and role in modern affairs, international and community relations and peace, civil liberties and human (Jewish) welfare, and international and cultural relations.

In addition to all of the above, Lillian was also the President of the Radcliffe Club of Western Pennsylvania, Conference of Jewish Women's Organizations and Adult Education Council of Greater Pittsburgh, Director of Education Programs for the Pittsburgh chapters of Hadassah and the National Council of Jewish Women, and Vice-President of the American Jewish Congress of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh branch of the American Association of University Women, where she was also a board member. Lillian served on a variety of boards including the Hebrew Institute, Allegheny County Committee on Fair Employment Practices, Ladies Hospital Aid Society, United Jewish Fund of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County Council on Civil Rights, and the Pittsburgh Conference of Christians and Jews.

Upon her retirement in 1965, Lillian A. Friedberg was recognized as one of the Distinguished Daughters of Pittsburgh for her contributions to academic, social, and civic life. Lillian Adlow Friedberg died in 1978.

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Scope and Content Notes

The Lillian A. Friedberg Papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, educational material, war publications, and materials regarding her involvement in Jewish organizations in the Pittsburgh area, and postcards for the period of 1904-1975. The researcher should refer to the Scope and Content Notes for more information about each series.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, Spring 2003

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

The collection was a gift of Simeon and Joan Friedberg, son and daughter-in-law of Lillian A. Friedberg, on February 3, 2000.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Julie Aher, Matt Herbison, Dan Horvath, Tami Jacques, Jessica Marshall, and Mike O'Malley in the spring of 2003.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of the collection are available electronically at http://images.library.pitt.edu/f/friedberg/.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Jewish Community Relations Council (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • National Council of Jewish Women. Pittsburgh Section.
  • United Jewish Federation of Greater Pittsburgh.

Personal Name(s)

  • Adlow, Dorothy, 1902-1964
  • Adlow, Elijah, 1896-1982
  • Friedberg , Lillian A. (Lillian Adlow), 1897-1978
  • Friedberg, Emanuel B.
  • Friedberg, Simeon Adlow
  • Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995

Subject(s)

  • Associations
  • Community education -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Education
  • Ethnic groups
  • Families -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Israel-Arab War, 1967
  • Personal papers
  • Social action
  • Societies
  • Women
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945

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Previous Citation

Lillian A. Friedberg Papers, 1904-1975, AIS.2000.04, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Correspondence and newspaper clippings, 1914-1965 

Scope and Content Notes

Series I contains correspondence and newspaper clippings of Lillian A. Friedberg from her close family and friends. Lillian and her family were avid letter writers throughout their lives. The majority of the letters involved discussions of goings-on in the family, often travel-related. Although this collection effectively reflects their lifelong lines of communication the bulk of the letters are between 1918 and 1943. These dates correspond with her marriage to Emanual Friedberg and her appointment as the Executive Director of the Jewish Community Relations Council.

The letters written between Lillian and her husband Emanual cover their courting period and early years of marriage. Additional letters from Emanual include correspondence from time spent in Boston with Lillian's family. The researcher will also find materials relating to Emanual's work as a physician, teaching at the University of Pittsburgh, and his time spent as Director of the Jewish Home for the Aged.

Letters written to Lillian by her siblings include those from her brother Elijah Adlow and sisters Dorothy Adlow and Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman. Elijah Adlow was a prominent member of the Boston judicial system serving as Chief Justice of the Boston Municipal Court from 1928 to 1973. The correspondence between Lillian and her brother relate to many issues regarding the Adlow family, especially their father Nathan Adlow. Letters from Dorothy Adlow often contained clippings of Ms. Adlow's articles, as she was an art critic for the Christian Science Monitor from the 1920s to the 1960s. There are also letters from Dorothy Adlow's husband Nicolas Slonimsky, a musicologist, composer, and author, particularly from the 1960s. Not much is known about Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman, but they also maintained a long correspondence with each other.

Simeon and Judith Friedberg, son and daughter of Lillian and Emanual, corresponded irregularly with their mother, although Simeon and his wife Joan wrote to her frequently during their six-month honeymoon to Western Europe in 1951-1952. A number of letters from her extended family, including her parents and in-laws, can be found in folders labeled "Other Family." Additional correspondence between Lillian Friedberg and her friends and acquaintances is in the "Miscellaneous" folders. Please note that letters written in Hebrew may be found throughout the Correspondence Series. Also, see "Series V: Postcards" for additional brief communications between Friedberg and others.

Newspaper clippings can be found in folders at the end of this series. There is an abundance of clippings about Lillian, especially pertaining to her involvement in the Jewish community in Pittsburgh. There are also many clippings about Elijah and Dorothy Adlow, though clippings may also be found clipped to many of the letters from these siblings. It should be noted that some of Dorothy Adlow's clippings coincide with topics she wrote about in her letters to Lillian. Those interested in mid-Twentieth Century art and art criticism will want to look closely at her newspaper clippings. Lillian Friedberg also collected the newspaper clippings of Nicolas Slonimsky, Dorothy Adlow's husband. Extensive material on Nicolas Slonimsky can be found at the Library of Congress website. There are a small number of clippings about Emanuel, Judith, and Simeon Friedberg. Additional clippings can be found on Lorin Maazel, Samuel Rosenberg, and Mary E. Switzer.

Despite Lillian Friedberg's extensive professional involvement in Jewish affairs, it should be noted that this aspect of her life is not strongly reflected in the Correspondence Series. The bulk of the series relates to her close relationship with her family.

  BoxFolder
Emanuel Friedberg to Lillian, 1914-1918 11
  Folder
Emanuel Friedberg to Lillian, 1919 2
  Folder
Emanuel Friedberg to Lillian, 1920 3
  Folder
Emanuel Friedberg to Lillian, 1921-1927 4
  Folder
Emanuel Friedberg to Lillian, 1935-1943 5
  Folder
Lillian to Emanuel Friedberg, 1920-1959 6
  Folder
Miscellaneous letters 7
  Folder
Emanuel's work-related materials 8
  Folder
Emanuel's teaching 9
  Folder
Emanuel's publications 10
  Folder
Jewish Home for the Aged 11
  Folder
Miscellaneous 12
  Folder
Elijah Adlow, 1916-1947 13
  Folder
Elijah Adlow, 1956-1969 14
  Folder
Elijah Adlow, 1970-1975 15
  Folder
Elijah's publications 16
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1911-1920 17
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1921-1922 18
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1923 19
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1924 20
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1925 21
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1926-1927 22
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1928 23
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1929 24
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1930-1931 25
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1932 26
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1933 27
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1934 28
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1935 29
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1936-1938 30
  BoxFolder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1939 21
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1940 2
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1941 3
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1942 4
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1943-1949 5
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1950-1958 6
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, 1959-1963 7
  Folder
Dorothy Adlow/Nicolas Slominsky to Lillian, Undated 8-9
  Folder
Dorothy to Judith and Simeon Friedberg 10
  Folder
Lillian to Dorothy, 1919-1958 11
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1918-1919 12
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1920 13
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1921 14
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1922 15
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1923 16-17
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1924 18
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1925 19
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1926 20-21
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1927 22-24
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1928 25-27
  BoxFolder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1929 31-3
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1930-1931 4
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1932 5
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1933 6
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1934 7
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1935 8
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1936 9
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1938 10-11
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1939 12
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1940 13
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1941 14
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1942 15
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1943-1945 16
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1946-1948 17
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1950-1958 18
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1959-1960 19
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, 1963-1964 20
  Folder
Chippe (Adlow) Hoffman to Lillian, Undated 21-25
  Folder
Chippe to Judith and Simeon, 26
  Folder
Lillian to Chippe 27
  BoxFolder
Judith to Lillian, Judith to Dorothy 41
  Folder
Lillian to Judith and Simeon 2
  Folder
Simeon to Lillian 3-4
  Folder
Other Family Members, 1916-1920 5
  Folder
Other Family Members, 1921-1938 6-7
  Folder
Other Family Members, 1941-1969, undated 8-9
  Folder
Miscellaneous correspondence 10-16
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Lillian Friedberg 17
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Emanuel Friedberg 18
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Dorothy Adlow 19-22
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Nicolas Slominsky 23-24
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Chippe Hoffman 25
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Elijah Adlow 26-28
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Judith and Simeon Friedberg 29
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Lorin Maazel (conductor and violinist) 30
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Samuel Rosenberg (local artist) 31
  Folder
Newspaper clippings, Mary E. Switzer 32

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Series  II. Education, 1904-1965 

Scope and Content Notes

Series II contains materials related to the education of Lillian Adlow Friedberg. It includes class notes, assignments, correspondence and clippings while attending the Dillaway School (1904-1910) and the Girl's Latin School (1910-1914), and Radcliffe College (1914-1919, all in Boston, Massachusetts. If the researcher is wishing to learn more information on Lillian's sister Dorothy Adlow they should look in the folders containing materials from Radcliffe, they include publications written by her sister while she was a student at Radcliffe (Box 9, Folder 25 and 29). There are also materials related to the dedication of a reading room at the Radcliffe Library in Dorothy Adlow's name (Box 9, Folder 26). Original order was retained as much as possible in descending order of educational accomplishments.

  BoxFolder
History 12, October 1918 - February 1919 51-4
  Folder
History I, 1914-1915 5-6
  Folder
Philosophy A, October 1916 - February 1917 7
  Folder
History of Philosophy, October 1946 - February 1917 8
  Folder
Philosophy 18, March 1917 - May 1917 9
  Folder
Present Philosophical Tendencies, September 1917 - February 1918 10
  Folder
English 12 class, October 1918 - February 1919 11
  Folder
Philosophy Class, October 1917 - February 1918 12
  Folder
English 8b, October 1915 - February 1916 13
  Folder
Comparative Literature 8a, October 1915 - February 1916 14
  Folder
English 5b, February 1916 - May 1916 15
  Folder
Comparative Literature, February 1917 - May 1917 16-17
  Folder
English 31, 1914-1915 18-19
  Folder
Government 6a 20
  Folder
Miscellaneous English class notes and manuscripts, 1914-1918 21
  Folder
Miscellaneous notes and exams from unidentified classes, 1918 22
  Folder
Correspondence and Invitations dealing with the Radcliffe Club, 1940-1941 23
  Folder
Brochures about Radcliffe, 1930s 24
  Folder
The Radcliffe News and various other publications from Radcliffe, 1918 25
  Folder
Hoffman Lab at Harvard University and Dorothy Adlow Room in the Radcliffe Library, 1963-1964 26
  BoxFolder
General Information from Radcliffe, 1914-1918 61
  Folder
Correspondence, Radcliffe History Club, 1914-1918, 1920 2
  Folder
Various journals including The Radcliffe Quarterly with articles written by Dorothy Adlow, 1928-1965 3
  Folder
Miscellaneous notes and exams from classes taken at Harvard, 1913-1916 4
  Folder
Jabberwock, 1953 5
  Folder
Diary and Autograph Book, 1913 6
  Folder
Miscellaneous correspondence, Grade Cards, and Diary, 1910-1914 7
  Folder
Correspondence and Clippings, 1914 8
  Folder
Clippings, 1914 9
  Folder
Assignments and Manuscripts, 1913 10
  Folder
Notes and assignments from History, Physics, and English classes, 1913 11
  Folder
Notes from German and English classes, 1914 12
  Folder
Notes from history, math, geography, and hygiene classes, 1904-1910 13
  Folder
Correspondence, clippings, and grade cards, 1907-1910 14
  Folder
Handwritten poems by Lillian from Elocution class, 1906-1907 15

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Series  III. Organizations, 1916-1975 

Scope and Content Notes

Series III covers Lillian's professional life as a lecturer and Executive Director of the Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC) of Pittsburgh. These papers are composed of manuscripts and organizational activities for the period of 1916-1975. This series is arranged in chronological order.

The manuscripts, are a collection of drafts of miscellaneous compositions primarily written by Lillian Friedberg: I Remember: Another Boston Childhood,  Infant Prodigy,  Head High,  Self-Discipline and the Community Relations Program and  Jewish Home and Family Life, published in 1950, where she wrote about the development of American Jewish cultural life. Friedberg's biographical information containing notes, correspondence, programs and bulletins can be found in the manuscript series of the collection. Other writings include editorials, poems, prayers and article submissions concerning research of modern Jewish affairs, human relations, (intercultural) education, religion and the role of women in war and peace from 1916-1967.

Materials relating to Lillian's organizational activities, mainly relate to her involvement in the Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC) of Pittsburgh. Included in the papers of organizational activities are minutes of the JCRC from 1938-1950. The collection contains reports, bulletins, booklets, lists, brochures, invitations, programs, clippings, articles, and newsletters concerning JCRC activities and involvement with education, religion, human relations, politics, Jewish life, civil rights, employment problems and improving community relations from 1942-1969. Papers also include radio scripts from 1946-1959 and television scripts mainly from Friedberg's show, "Faith and Freedom," from September 13, 1964-June 20, 1965. Also contained in this series are JCRC Executive Committee minutes and information pertaining to Lillian's retirement.

The series also contains correspondence from the American Jewish Archives from 1965-1974. Friedberg expressed her interest in American Jewish and Pittsburgh Jewish history through a collection of clippings, letters, booklets, newsletters and memoranda from 1943-1970.

Friedberg directed the education programs of Hadassah's Pittsburgh chapter. Materials such as programs, reports, clippings, memoranda, manuscripts, newsletters, yearbooks and scrapbooks relating to Hadassah's educational activities and concern for Jewish welfare from 1931-1944.

The series also contains minutes, notes, questionnaires, invitations, correspondence, lists, memoranda, announcements and articles pertaining to Friedberg's involvement with the activities of the American Jewish Congress of Pittsburgh as Vice-President and a member of the Joint Public Relations and Education Committees from 1940-1942. Friedberg's papers relating to the Jewish Women's Organization of Pittsburgh include minutes and speeches while President from 1940-1942.

Papers from other organizations include correspondence relating to the activities of the United Jewish Fund from 1941-1942 and correspondence as Chairman of the McMillen (educator) Memorial Committee from 1939. The collection contains bulletins from the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) from 1932-1943 and oral history interview notes from 1968-1969, which Friedberg conducted for the NCJW Oral History Project (see related collection ais 92:2 OH). Also included in the papers are minutes, by-laws, lists, membership cards, correspondence and memoranda pertaining to Friedberg's participation in the University of Pittsburgh's Israeli Room Committee from 1966-1974.

Friedberg maintained notebooks, circa 1930's and 1940's, containing information about women's studies, World War I, World War II, educational and economic welfare, international relations and Jewish studies. Also included are brochures and correspondence relating to "public interests," such as: employment, youth groups and Social Security from 1940-1941. Lillian received correspondence regarding Jewish European refugees requesting assistance to gain entry into the United States from 1939-1940. Friedberg's papers also contain a public relations handbook dated 1965-1966 with a copy of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Lillian maintained correspondence with Patty Boyle, a colleague from Charlottesville, Virginia with whom she shared an interest in civil rights; also included are clippings and bulletins regarding desegregation from 1948-1959.

Subseries  1. Manuscripts 

  Folder
I Remember: Another Boston Childhood (Part I and II), n.d. 16-17
  Folder
I Remember: Another Boston Childhood and final corrected copy for typist, n.d. 18-19
  Folder
Infant Prodigy and  Head High, n.d. 20-21
  Folder
Self-Discipline and the Community Relations Program, (conduct and behavior), n.d. 22
  Folder
Jewish Home and Family Life, (describing the development of American-Jewish cultural life), 1950 23
  Folder
Human relations and urban Jewish life, 1916-1967 (intermittent) 24-25
  Folder
Jewish life and retirement (thoughts), 1950-1975 (intermittent) 26
  Folder
Compositions, contemporary Jewish affairs, (intercultural) education, religion and the role of women in war and peace; 1943-1959 (intermittent) 27
  Folder
Biographical Information, 1961-1962, 1971 28

Subseries  2. Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC) 

  Folder
Minutes, 1938-1950 29-32
  Folder
Education, religion, human relations, politics, Jewish life and civil rights; 1948-1964 (intermittent) 33-34
  Folder
Employment problems, improving community relations and Jewish life, 1956-1965 35
  Folder
Executive Committee, activities and retirement, 1942-1969 (intermittent) 36
  BoxFolder
Radio scripts, original, TV scripts, 1946-1969 (intermittent); September 13, 1964-June 20, 1965 71-2

Subseries  3. Hadassah and Jewish Organizations, general 

  Folder
American Jewish Archives, 1965-1974 (intermittent) 3
  Folder
Pittsburgh (Jewish) History, 1943-1970 (intermittent) 4
  Folder
(American) Jewish History; 1954, 1956, 1961 5
  Folder
Hadassah education, convention, Jewish welfare; 1939, 1941 6
  Folder
Hadassah Newsletter, yearbooks and scrapbooks, 1931-1944 (intermittent) 7-9
  Folder
American Jewish Congress, Joint Public Relations Committee, activities, 1940-1942 10
  Folder
Education Committee, Joint Public Relations Committee, activities, 1941-1942 11
  Folder
United Jewish Fund Board, budget, activities; 1941-1942 12
  Folder
National Council of Jewish Women, and oral history interviews (transcripts), 1932-1943 1968-1969 13-14
  Folder
Conference of Jewish Women's Organizations (CJWO), minutes and President's Annual Message, speeches, 1940-1942, 1975 15-17
  Folder
Jewish Immigrant Aid Society of Canada, 1948 18
  Folder
United Jewish Welfare and immigration papers, 1947-1948 19

Subseries  4. Civic Organization, general 

  Folder
Civic, CJWO (Bill of Rights Celebration Committee), 1941 20
  Folder
McMillen Memorial Fund (Educator), Chairman, 1939 21
  Folder
Public interests, employment, youth groups and Social Security, 1940-1941 22
  Folder
University of Pittsburgh, Israel Room Committee, 1966-1974 23
  Folder
Miscellaneous organizations, correspondence, 1929-1965 (intermittent) 24
  Folder
Notes, ca. 1930s-1940s (intermittent) 25
  Folder
Public Relations Handbook, 1965-1966 26
  Folder
Patty Boyle (colleague), 1948-1959 (intermittent) 27
  Folder
(Jewish) Refugees, correspondence, 1939-1940 28
  Folder
Honors, retirement, 1957-1973 29-31
  Folder
Hadassah and Pioneer Women memberships, 1967 32
  Folder
Clippings, lectures and scrapbook, 1935-1973 (intermittent) 33-35

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Series  IV. War Publications, 1917-1967 

Scope and Content Notes

Series IV contains war publications for 1917-1967. It is a collection of information to research the social effects and implications of war. Lillian Friedberg's collection of publications contains information about World Wars I and II and the Arab-Israeli War.

The information regarding World War I consists of newsletters from 1917-1919 covering public opinion and social relations. The information about World War II consists of pamphlets, newsletters, clippings, speeches, bulletins and periodicals from 1935-1949. Topics include: fascism, public safety, war policies, education, economic and social planning, defense, foreign policy, promoting peace, mobilization for war, effects of war on people and countries, public opinion, labor, post-war reconstruction, boycotts, creation of the United Nations and writing and creativity. The papers include correspondence from Stephen Early, Secretary to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, regarding approval of defense policy.

The information on the Arab-Israeli War consists of correspondence, "fact sheets," reports, news articles and clippings regarding background information, refugees and the status of Israel during the war in 1967. The collection includes three newspapers, Hadassah Magazine,  The Jewish Chronicle and loose copies of  The New York Times which provide coverage of the Arab-Israeli War. Correspondence concerning Israeli support and attaining peace in the Middle East can be found from federal Pennsylvania legislators: Representative William Moorhead and Senators Joseph Clark and Hugh Scott. The collection contains a letter from President Lyndon Johnson regarding working towards peace in the Middle East, his remarks on Middle East policy to the National Foreign Policy Conference for Educators and thanking Lillian for sharing her thoughts and feelings about the situation in the Middle East.

Subseries  1. World War I 

  BoxFolder
Public opinion and social relations, 1917-1919 81

Subseries  2. World War II 

  Folder
Fascism, public safety, education, economic and social planning, 1935-1949 2
  Folder
Defense, foreign policy and promoting peace, 1939, 1941 3
  Folder
Mobilization for war and foreign policy, 1939-1943 4
  Folder
War polices and economic planning, 1936-1945 5
  Folder
Foreign policy, economic planning, effects of war on people and countries, 1940-1949 6
  Folder
Labor, economic planning, public opinion, war mobilization and post-war reconstruction, 1940-1942 7
  Folder
Boycotts, economic planning, creation of United Nations and public opinion, 1939-1945 8
  Folder
The New Republic - War mobilization, economic planning, writing and creativity, 1940-1941 9
  Folder
War effort, 1940-1943 10

Subseries  3. Arab-Israeli War, 1967 

  Folder
Refugees, "fact sheets," reports, status of Israel, correspondence from Pennsylvania State Legislators and the President of the United States regarding peace, Israeli support and Middle East policy, 1967 11
  Folder
Hadassah Magazine and  The Jewish Chronicle, coverage of the war, May-July 1967 12-14
  Box
The New York Times - coverage of the war, May-July 1967 9

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Series  V. Postcards, Artwork, and Souvenirs 

Scope and Content Notes

Series V contains approximately 1,700 postcards, spanning 1912-1968. The postcards comprise the bulk of this series. They are of two types, those used for correspondence with family and friends and blank travel and art postcards. The postcards document Pittsburgh as well as numerous places around the world such as Hong Kong, Africa, and Israel.

The earliest postcard in the collection dates 1912 and is from the divided back era (1907-1914). Most of the earliest postcards were printed in Germany. The collection contains numerous white border postcards, printed from 1915-1930. The white border postcards mostly printed in the U.S. were developed to save ink. The collection of white border post cards document city life and landscapes from New York City to Maine. The collection also contains a mix of linen (1930-1944) and photo chrome postcards (1945-present). There are also several folders that contain hand tinted and real photo postcards. The real photo postcards are often one of a kind or printed in limited quantities. They have been produced from the early 20th century to the present. Finally, there are the fold out postcard books and miniature postcards, which can be found in the folders labeled novelty and unique.

The art postcards make up a significant portion of the postcard, artwork, and souvenirs series. These blank postcards were collected over the years by Lillian and given to her by friends and family. All of the art postcards showcase artwork from various museum collections throughout the world. The museum collections include the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art in New York City, and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. These postcards are an example of Friedberg's passion for fine art.

Several art posters, theater programs, and playbills can also be found in this series. Works by Winslow Homer and Joan Magrina are featured on two posters in the collection. The theatre programs and playbills from various operas, symphonies, and plays date from 1912-1920. The programs include a 1914 performance by the Boston Pops and a 1920 Carnegie Music Hall performance by Josef Rosenblatt. These items are contained in folders 15-20 in box 8.

  BoxFolder
Postcards addressed to Lillian from Chippe, 1919-1956 101
  Folder
Postcards addressed to Lillian from Dorothy, 1919-1956 2
  Folder
Postcards addressed to Lillian Emanual from Judith, 1941-1967 3
  Folder
Postcards addressed to Emanual from Lillian, 1936-1966 4
  Folder
Postcards addressed to Judith and Simeon from Lillian, 1935-1960 5
  Folder
Postcards addressed to The Friedbergs from various family and friends, 1912-1968 6
  BoxFolder
To the Friedbergs from various family and friends, 1912-1968 111
  Folder
Domestic travel, blank 2
  Folder
Foreign travel, blank 3
  Folder
Travel, hand-colored, blank 4
  Folder
Travel, photograph, blank 5
  Folder
Pennsylvania travel, blank 6
  Folder
Harvard University, blank 7
  Folder
Radcliffe College, blank 8
  BoxFolder
Novelty and unique, blank 121
  Folder
Art postcards, blank 2
  BoxFolder
Art postcards, blank 131
  Folder
Posters 15

Folders 15-18 are physically located in Box 8.

  Folder
Boston Opera House programs, 1913-1920 16
  Folder
Boston Symphony Orchestra programs, 1913-1918 17
  Folder
Colonial Theatre programs and playbills, 1913-1914 18
  Folder
Hollis Street Theatre programs and playbills, 1912-1919 19
  Folder
Other programs and playbills, ca. 1914-1920 20

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