Guide to the American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471, Pittsburgh, Pa. Records, 1906-1996 AIS.1997.41

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471, Pittsburgh, Pa. Records
Creator
American Federation of Musicians. Local 60-471 (Pittsburgh, Pa).
Collection Number
AIS.1997.41
Date
1906-1996
Extent
11.88 linear feet (13 boxes)
Abstract
The American Federation of Musicians (A.F. of M.) was founded in October 1896 as a national labor union for the musical profession. This collection contains records of Locals 60, 471 and 60-471; the records include a constitution and registration book, by-laws, meeting minutes, newsletters, membership directories and cards, performance price lists, convention programs, election ballots, dues cards, and 16mm black and white films.

Preferred Citation

American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471, Pittsburgh, Pa. Records, 1906-1996, AIS.1997.41, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

The American Federation of Musicians (A.F. of M.) was founded in October 1896 as a national labor union for the musical profession. A year later, Canadian musicians were invited to join, making the A.F. of M. an international union. The union's main purpose was to protect and advance the interests of its locals and members. In addition, the A.F. of M. enforced good faith and fair dealing in all cases involving, or of the interest to, members and local unions or the Federation.

The Pittsburgh Musical Society Local 60 was chartered in 1897 to represent local white member musicians in the Pittsburgh area. Local 60 was an outgrowth of the Musicians Mutual Protective Union, which was created in 1887. Local 471 was chartered in 1908 as a segregated local to represent African-American musician members in the Pittsburgh area. For more information Local 471, see the oral history project of the African-American Jazz Preservation Society of Pittsburgh. Locals 60, 471 and other locals in the A.F. of M. were charged with the following duties: setting and enforcing price scales for members' services, settling disputes between members, members and local businesses and to generally further the spirit of unionism.

In 1920 and 1962, Pittsburgh served as the host city for the A.F. of M. national convention. The 1962 convention was co-hosted by Locals 60 and 471. During the last 1950's, the A.F. of M. began to pressure white and African-American locals for consolidation. Negotiations between Locals 60 and 471 began in 1965 and resulted in the official formation of Local 60-471 on January 1, 1966. The former president of Local 60-471, Hal C. Davis, served as President of the A.F. of M. from 1970, until his death in 1978. The Pittsburgh Music Society 60-471 changed its name to the Pittsburgh Musicians' Union 60-471 in 1992. The present jurisdiction of 471 includes primarily Allegheny County. The following are in the jurisdiction of Local 630, New Kensington, Pennsylvania: Brackenridge, Cheswick, Creighton, Curtisville, Glassmeme, Harmarville, Harwick, Natrona, Rural Ridge, Russelton, Springdale and Tarentum.

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Scope and Content Notes

This collection contains records of Local 60, Local 471 and records of the Local (60-471) formed by their merger in 1966. The records of Local 60 include: constitution, by-laws; minutes of membership meetings, 1911-1951; minutes of meetings of the Executive Board and Theatrical Commission, 1906-1965; an immigrant registration book with data about immigrant musicans in the Pittsburgh area, 1916-1934; newsletters, 1917-1965; membership directories, 1928, 1956 and 1964; price lists for union-scale performances, 1920, 1945-1946; convention programs; ballots for Local elections; and dues cards of Richard Sladek, 1914-1964. Other records include 16mm black and white films, primarily of Old Timers' and Christmas Parties, 1944-1963.

The Local 471, a separate local for African-American musicians until 1966, collection contains a series of 869 membership cards for African-American musicians who belonged to Local 471 from the 1930's-1960's. Included are cards for such important Pittsburgh jazz musicians as Erroll Garner, Mary Lou WIlliams, Ahmad Jamal, Earl Hines and Art Blakey. An alphabetical index to these cards is available with the collection and also online at http://www.library.pitt.edu/labor_legacy/

The collection of merged Local 60-471 includes constitution and by-laws books, minutes, agreements, directories and sample ballots. Some publications of the international union, the American Federation of Musicians, 1924-1995 and materials from other labor organizations are also present.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, August 1, 1998

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Anne Feeney, President, American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471 (Pittsburgh, Pa.) on November 14, 1997.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by John Fitzgerald on August 1, 1998.

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Michael O'Malley on February 21, 2003. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Voyager ID number: 4116846

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Federation of Musicians. Local 471 (Pittsburgh, Pa).
  • American Federation of Musicians. Local 60 (Pittsburgh, Pa).
  • Musicians Protective Union (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Pittsburgh Musical Society.
  • Pittsburgh Musicians' Union.

Genre(s)

  • Ballots
  • Bylaws (Administrative records)
  • Cards (Information artifacts)
  • Constitutions
  • Films
  • Lists
  • Minute books
  • Photographs
  • Publications
  • Registration books

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- Race relations

Subject(s)

  • African American jazz musicians -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh -- History
  • African American musicians -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh -- History
  • African Americans -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh -- Segregation -- History
  • Civil rights -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Labor
  • Labor unions -- Pennsylvania
  • Labor unions -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Music
  • Social action

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Previous Citation

American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471, Pittsburgh, Pa. Records, 1906-1996, AIS.1997.41, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

American Federation of Musicians, Local 60-471 (Pittsburgh, Pa.), 1906-1996, UE/Lab 97:41, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh Musicians Union, Local 60-471, Records, 1906-1967, UE/Lab 97:41, Archives of Industrial Society, Hillman Library, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Organizational Materials 

  BoxFolder
Pittsburgh Symphony Society, Local 60-471 - Agreements, 1966-1993 (intermittent) 11
  Folder
Constitution and By-Laws, 1966-1993 (intermittent) 2-5
  Folder
Directories, 1928-1996 (intermittent) 6-7
  Folder
Dues Cards, 1914-1964 (intermittent) 8
  Folder
Miscellaneous 9
  Folder
Photographs - Local 60, 471 10-11
  Folder
Price Lists - Local 60, 60-471; Pittsburgh Musical Society; 1920, 1945-1946 12
  Folder
Programs - Local 60, ca. 1924, 1931, 1962 13
  Folder
Sample Ballots, 1925-1968 14
  Folder
Schedules, 1995-1996 15
  Folder
American Federation of Musicians - Agreements and Publications, 1972-1996 (intermittent) 16
  Folder
Constitution and By-Laws, 1928-1995 (intermittent) 17
  Folder
List of Locals, 1993, 1995-1996 18
  Folder
Publications, 1973-1996 (intermittent) 19
  Folder
Symphony Wage Scales, 1973-1996 (intermittent) 20

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Series  II. Minutes, Executive Board and Theatrical Commission 

  BoxVolume
 1906-1919 21-5
  BoxVolume
 1919-1928 36-10
  BoxVolume
 1928-1945 411-15
  BoxVolume
 1945-1967 516-21

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Series  III. Minutes, General Membership Meetings, Local 60 

  BoxVolume
 1911-1951 61-3

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Series  IV. Immigrant Registration Book, Local 60 

  Volume
 1916-1934 1

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Series  V. Publications, Local 60 

  BoxVolume
 1917-1936 71-6
  BoxVolume
 1937-1965 87-11

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Series  VI. Membership Cards, Local 471 

  Box
Drawer A 9
  Box
Drawer B 10

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Series  VII. Films, 16mm., Local 60 

  BoxReel
 1944-1950 111-12
  BoxReel
 1951-1956 1213-24
  BoxReel
 1957-1963 1325-35

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