Guide to the East End Education Committee Records, 1969-1972 AIS.1993.01

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
East End Education Committee Records
Creator
East End Education Committee (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
Collection Number
AIS.1993.01
Date
1969-1972
Extent
0.44 linear feet
Abstract
The East End Education Committee was a group of citizens organized in 1969 to force the Pittsburgh's school board to be more responsive. The records date from 1969 to 1972 and contain minutes of board and general meetings, correspondence, mailing and membership lists. The records include operational and administrative transactions, and are not complete.

Preferred Citation

East End Education Committee Records, 1969-1972, AIS.1993.01, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

In 1968 or 1969 a grass-roots group called Concerned Citizens, based in the Hill district of Pittsburgh, began to demand reforms from Pittsburgh's Board of Public Education. The Concerned Citizens group attended, and according to board members, disrupted its public meetings. The Board of Public Education obtained an injunction to prevent the Concerned Citizens from attending any future board meetings. As a response to this treatment of the Concerned Citizens, a group of white housewives from the East End formed the East End Education Committee (EEEC) in 1969. They decided to continue the work of the Concerned Citizens' organization and force Pittsburgh's school board to become more responsive to the needs of its students.

The EEEC's first presentation at the Board of Public Education's public meeting occurred in March or April of 1969. EEEC showed that the budget as presented by the Board of Public Education was inadequate. EEEC started its own board and held its first meeting on February 22, 1970.

EEEC raised other issues and concerns. They successfully convinced Pittsburgh's school board to schedule a mandatory recess for the children. EEEC also demanded that the schools provide a supervised lunch for all students. At this time, Common Pleas judges appointed Pittsburgh's Board of Public Education members. On November 10, 1969, five out of 15 members of the board came up for reappointment. The EEEC successfully defeated their reappointment. According to Helen Seager,a former committee member and vice chairman of the EEEC, the five school board members either were not reappointed or declined to be considered again. Over the next few years, EEEC recommended replacement candidates for retiring board of education members.

In April 1972, the EEEC sent a copy of its study on sexism in textbooks used in Pittsburgh schools in kindergarten through fifth grade. The report found sexist roles emphasized in the textbooks used in Pittsburgh's schools.

In November 1970, EEEC opposed President Nixon's appointment of Dr. Sidney Marland, Jr. as Commissioner of Education for the United States. Marland had served as superintendent of the Pittsburgh schools from 1963 - 1968. EEEC wrote several letters to legislators in hopes of derailing his appointment.

In February 1971, EEEC opposed the city's proposal to stop trash pick up at the public schools. This would have increased the monetary burden on the public schools. The city decided to continue picking up trash at the public schools.

The EEEC continued as a group through 1972-3.

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Scope and Content Notes

The records of the East End Education Committee date from 1969 to 1972 and contain minutes of board and general meetings, correspondence, mailing and membership lists. The records include operational and administrative transactions, and are not complete. Many rough drafts and meeting notes are included, but sometimes the finished product (newsletter, presentation, or speech) is missing. The informational letter from Helen Seager provides background and other functional aspects of the committee that are not evident from the documents.

One of the most interesting aspects of the records includes a report compiled by the committee members and given to Pittsburgh's board of education on April 18, 1972. EEEC members reviewed textbooks used in Pittsburgh's schools and showed examples of how the textbooks were sexist in the treatment of the roles of girls and boys. Also included in the records is a survey comparing the number and percentages of Negro pupils in Pittsburgh's secondary and elementary systems on October 1, 1970 and September 30, 1971.

Several issues were proposed by EEEC, such as an open classroom for Liberty School, but the outcome isn't known. EEEC supported Donald J. O'Rourke's continuance at Liberty School as a permanent principal, but apparently the outcome was not favorable.

The correspondence includes a letter from the League of Women Voters of the Pittsburgh Area to EEEC on November 3, 1972. This letter outlined the current status concerning school board election legislation that was currently in the State legislature, and was eventually adopted. The EEEC at first opposed election of board members, but later changed its mind.

These current records do not contain information on activities later in 1972 and 1973, even though the organization was still in existence.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, August 19, 1999

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Helen Seager in 1993.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Linda Moulton on August 19, 1993.

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Jennifer Marshall in April, 1999. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Notis ID number: AKH0268.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • East End Education Committee (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Pittsburgh Board of Public Education (Pa.).

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- Social conditions

Subject(s)

  • Associations
  • Citizens' advisory committees in education -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Discrimination in education -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Education
  • Education -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Sexism in education -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Social action

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Previous Citation

East End Education Committee Records, 1969-1972, AIS.1993.01, Archives Services Center, University of Pittsburgh.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Minutes, 1970-1972 

Scope and Content Notes

Includes minutes of board and general membership meetings of EEEC; list of officers June 1971 to June 1972; questionnaire from annual membership meeting; membership enrollment form; rough draft of October (yr?) newsletter to members of EEEC; hand written notes of various EEEC board meetings. Arranged chronologically.

  BoxFolder
Minutes, 1970-1972 11

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Series  II. Correspondence, 1969-1971 

Scope and Content Notes

Includes correspondence to Pittsburgh Board of Public Education, City Council of Pittsburgh. Arranged chronologically.

  Folder
Correspondence, 1969-1971 2
 1. Letter to Court of Common Pleas October 11, 1969 opposing reappointment of Mr. Maxine Aaron, Mr. Louis Reizenstein, Mrs. Clarence Kline and Mr. Thomas Warden to Pittsburgh board of Public Education. 
 2. Letter to Court of Common Pleas Judge Alpern dated October 21, 1969 with list of recommended names for Pittsburgh Board of Public Education. 
 3. Letter to U.S. Representative William Moorhead dated October 1, 1970 opposing appointment of sidney Marland as Commissioner of Education for U.S. 
 4. Letter to U.S. Senator Pell dated January 27, 1970 disagreeing with testimony given by Sidney Marland at Senate Labor Committee on Marland's appointment as Commissioner of Education. 
 5. Letter to Peter Flaherty, Mayor of Pittsburgh dated January 26, 1971 concerning trash pick-up for public schools. 
 6. Letter to Helen Seager of EEEC from City of Pittsburgh February 18, 1971 concerning Council Bill No. 1734 regarding draft of ordinance No. 604 amending section 1 and section 2 providing for storage and collection of refuse within City of Pittsburgh. 
 7. Personal letter to Helen Seager from Arlene ? informing Helen of new policy of electing school board officials c. 1971-2. 
 8. Letter to Board of Directors of EEEC from League of Women Voters dated November 3, 1972 concerning new school board election legislation. 

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Series  III. Issues, 1969-1972 

Scope and Content Notes

This series highlights some of the issues faced by the East End Education Committee. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

  Folder
Issues, 1969-1972 3
 1. Integration and busing 

Includes November 18, 1970 statement on approval of busing and integration in public school system and December 8, 1971 position on busing and integration.

 2. Liberty School 

Includes open classroom concept of May 25, 1971 which outlines steps taken at Liberty School with parents and teachers to start option of open classroom.

 3. O'Rourke Caucus 

Includes letter and draft copies c. 1969-70 to Pittsburgh Board of Public Education from EEEC recommending that Mr. Donald J. O'Rourke be retained as principal at Liberty School. Also includes parent's letters complimenting O'Rourke on his current position as acting principal at Liberty School.

  Folder
 4. Schools and Sexism 4

Includes report by EEEC members submitted to Pittsburgh Board of Public Education on April 18, 1972 showing how actual textbooks used in Pittsburgh schools were sexist in treatment of roles and girls and boys. Books reviewed ranged from grades kindergarten through sixth. Also includes book Little Miss Muffet Fights Back published in 1971 by Feminists on Children's Media which recommends non-sexist books about girls for young readers. File also includes notes on Ann Arbor Report which details ways for schools to eliminate sexual discrimination.

 5. School Board Elections, c. 1970-72 

Includes position paper that opposes general election of school board members, however, EEEC did reverse this viewpoint and finally support election of school board members.

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Series  IV. Press Releases, 1969-1970 

Scope and Content Notes

Contains press releases including support for Black Construction coalition on September 22, 1969; opposition to reappointment of Pittsburgh Board of Public Education members dated October 13, 1969. Arranged chronologically.

  Folder
Press Releases, 1969-1970 5

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Series  V. Membership Lists and Address Labels, c. 1969-1972 

Scope and Content Notes

Includes sign-in sheets for membership of EEEC meetings; address labels to mail out newsletters to members; attendance sheets; election ballot sheet for officers and directors; membership list for March 25, 1972. Arranged chronologically.

  Folder
Membership Lists and Address Labels, c. 1969-1972 6

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Series  VI. Public Hearings, March-April 1969 

Scope and Content Notes

Includes rough drafts and notes for presentation given by EEEC board members at public hearing in March or April 1969 of the Pittsburgh Board of Public Education. Arranged chronologically.

  Folder
Public Hearings, March-April 1969 7

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Series  VII. Survey of Number of Negro Pupils, October 1, 1970-September 30, 1971 

Scope and Content Notes

Compares actual numbers of and percentages of Negro pupils in Pittsburgh elementary and secondary schools on October 1, 1970 and September 30, 1971 to total student population. Report complied by Herbert Leifrer Testing and Statistics, November 8, 1971. Arranged by subject.

  Folder
Survey of Number of Negro Pupils, October 1, 1970-September 30, 1971 8

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Series  VIII. Miscellaneous, c. 1970-1972 

Scope and Content Notes

Includes: newspaper article on EEEC member Mrs. Bramhall article on Jerome B. Schneewind; miscellaneous educational articles used by EEEC members. Arranged by subject.

  Folder
Miscellaneous, c. 1970-1972 9

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