Guide to the James R. Cox Papers, 1904-1950, (bulk 1923-1950) AIS.1969.05

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
James R. Cox Papers
Creator
Cox, James R., 1886-1951
Collection Number
AIS.1969.05
Date
1904-1950
Extent
4.38 linear feet
Abstract
James R. Cox, a son of a Pittsburgh millworker, was a Pittsburgh Catholic priest and a political and social activist. The collection contains Father Cox's diary (1904), scrapbooks of newspaper clippings (1923-1951), 426 photographs, and 28 audio cassettes of radio broadcasts, sermons, and hymns (1944-50). Digital reproductions of the collection are available online.

Preferred Citation

James R. Cox Papers, 1923-1950, AIS.1969.05, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

James R. Cox was born in 1886. He was a Pittsburgh Catholic priest, political and social activist, and the son of a millworker. During the Depression he organized a food-relief program and helped the homeless and unemployed find shelter. In January 1932 Cox led a march of 15,000-20,000 unemployed Pennsylvanians to Washington, D.C. He hoped that a demonstration of the unemployed in Washington would stir Congress to start a public works program. This did not happen at the time, but the march sparked the formation of the Jobless Party in Pittsburgh. The Jobless Party supported government public works and labor unions, and spread to other major cities. James Cox became the Jobless Party's first presidential candidate but in September 1932 Cox pulled out of the election giving his support to the Democratic ticket and Franklin Roosevelt. This effectively led to the demise of the Jobless Party.

After the presidential election of 1932 Cox continued his relief work and was a member of the Pennsylvania Commission for the Unemployed. In the mid-thirties Roosevelt appointed him to the state recovery board of the National Recovery Administration. James Cox became known as Pittsburgh's "Pastor of the Poor."

For information on Cox's presidential campaign see Andrew I. Krupnick's "Father Cox's Campaign for the Presidency of the United States [in 1932; a diary]." (ais MS 5)

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Scope and Content Notes

The James R. Cox Papers include a diary (1904), scrapbooks of newspaper clippings (1923-1951), 426 photographs, and 28 audiocassettes of radio broadcasts, sermons, and hymns (1944-50).

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, 1969

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. Earl J. Cox, sister-in-law of Father James Cox, February 21, 1969.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Archives Service Center Staff in 1969.

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Kate Colligan on September 29, 1999 and Dan Horvath on May 20, 2004. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Voyager ID number: 1403450

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions from this collection are available at http://historicpittsburgh.org/collection/father-cox-papers.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Jobless Party (Pittsburgh, Pa.).

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- Economic conditions
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1929-1933

Personal Name(s)

  • Cox, James R., 1886-1951

Subject(s)

  • Depressions -- 1929 -- United States
  • Labor
  • Personal papers
  • Priests -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Social action
  • Unemployed -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County
  • Unemployed -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh

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Previous Citation

James R. Cox Papers, 1923-1950, AIS.1969.05, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Diary and Manuscripts, 1904-1936 

Scope and Content Notes

Series I contains a diary, transcript of an interview, manuscript, and certificates.

  BoxFolder
Diary, 1904 11
  Folder
Interview with Father Cox, 1936 2
  Folder
The Holy Land Pictures - Manuscript to accompany travel film, no date 3
  Folder
Certificates 4

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Series  II. Newspaper Clipping Scrapbooks, 1923-1973 

Scope and Content Notes

Series II includes photocopies of clippings pertaining to Father Cox, the Jobless Party, Marches, Pilgrimages, and other events. Also included are articles written about Father Cox and his various causes.

  Folder
 1923-1926 5
  Folder
 October 7, 1924-December 31, 1925 6
  Folder
 1927-1936 7
  BoxFolder
 1951-1973 21
  Folder
The Odyssey of Pittsburgh's Father Cox, 1973 2
  Folder
Father Cox's Own Story of Jobless March to Capital, c. 1920's 3
  Folder
Original Scrapbooks 4

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Series  III. St. Patrick's Church, 1925-1934 

Scope and Content Notes

Series III includes a journal and a bulletin from St. Patrick's Church, Pittsburgh, PA.

  Folder
Clothes Room Journal, 1932-1934 5
  Folder
Bulletin, 1925-1926 6

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Series  IV. Photographs 1923-1950 

Scope and Content Notes

Series IV consists of 426 photographs of Father Cox, his family, groups of people, pilgrimages, and other scenes. They are arranged by subject.

  BoxFolder
Father Cox 31
  Folder
Cox Family 2
  Folder
Group Photos 3
  Folder
John Flaherty 4
  Folder
Great Depression 5
  Folder
Funeral Procession (not Father Cox's) 6
  Folder
Jobless Party 7-8
  Folder
Old St. Patrick's 9
  Folder
Passion Play 10
  Folder
Pilgrimages 11
  Folder
Sports 12
  Folder
Miscellaneous Group Photos 13
  Folder
Negatives 14

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Series  V. Oversized Items 

Scope and Content Notes

Series V consists of oversized items including large photographic prints, newspaper clippings, pastel drawings, and sketches of Father Cox, church services, baseball teams, and various groups of people.

  Map-case
Oversized Items 7-1

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Series  VI. Audiocassettes, 1944-1950 

Scope and Content Notes

Series VI consists of 28 audiocassettes, copied from phonodiscs, of radio broadcasts, sermons, and hymns given by Father Cox. Some of the cassettes do not have titles and are listed only by date.

  Cassette
 no date 1-2
  Cassette
 October 16, 1944 3
  Cassette
 October 16, 1944; October 23, 1944 4
  Cassette
 October 23, 1944 5
  Cassette
Sermon for November 21, November 15, 1944 6
  Cassette
 December 11, 1944 7
  Cassette
 January 8, 1945 8
  Cassette
"Do Not Play on Air", no date 9
  Cassette
 June 13, 1950 10
  Cassette
 no date 11-13
  Cassette
 May 7, 1945 14
  Cassette
 July 17, 1945 15
  Cassette
State Guard, June 11, 1945 16
  Cassette
Gossiptown, June 11, 1945 16
  Cassette
Sermon for July 12 and  Sermon for July 14, no date 17
  Cassette
Why Pilgrimages and  Friends on Pilgrimages, no date 18
  Cassette
Announcements, no date 19
  Cassette
 January 23, 1947 20-21
  Cassette
 no date 22
  Cassette
Indiantown Gap, May 28, 1945 23
  Cassette
 no date 24
  Cassette
 August 5, 1948 25
  Cassette
Interviewing Hildegarde, no date 25
  Cassette
 August 5, 1948; July 15, 1948 26
  Cassette
 July 15, 1948 27
  Cassette
25th Anniversary Broadcast, WJAS, November 22, 1950 28

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