Guide to the Pennsylvania Speech Association Records, 1939-1969 AIS.1967.03

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Pennsylvania Speech Association Records
Creator
Pennsylvania Speech Association.
Collection Number
AIS.1967.03
Date
1939-1969
Extent
2.5 linear feet (2 boxes)
Abstract
The Pennsylvania Speech Association records document the internal and external communications and workings of this professional association. The materials reflect the evolution in speech education in Pennsylvania between 1939 and 1969.

Preferred Citation

Pennsylvania Speech Association Records, 1939-1969, AIS.1967.03, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

The Pennsylvania Speech Association was created in 1939 with the mission to improve the instruction of speech and speech programs, remove speech defects, assess the nature and extent of speech problems in Pennsylvania, and put into effect possible solutions to these problems. The association attempted to achieve these goals through the publishing a newsletter for its members and The Pennsylvania Speech Annual, a professional journal. The organization was primarily composed of professionals in the field of speech and related professionals interested in the subject.

The Pennsylvania Speech Association changed its name to the Speech Communication Association of Pennsylvania in 1972. A third change in the organizations name occurred in 2003 when it became the Pennsylvania Communications Association in 2003. The modern organization aims to promote teaching, research, service, and development in all areas of human communication. Throughout its lifetime the organization has consistently published the Annual, a statewide journal, and it has awarded members of the public for their contribution to the field of speech.

Significant individuals associated with this organization include William Tacey and John Henry Frizzell. William Tacey was born in New York in 1904. After graduating from Geneva College with bachelor’s degree he began teaching at McKeesport High School where he became the debate coach in 1938. He remained in McKeesport until 1946 when he was invited to teach at Pennsylvania State University. Due to a housing shortage he soon returned to the Pittsburgh area where he began teaching at the University of Pittsburgh in 1947. His teaching career encompassed all levels of education as well as the private sector, having worked for U.S. Steel, Duquesne Light, and Westinghouse Electric among others. Tacey was involved in a variety of speech organizations where he held a multitude of positions, including chairman of the Speech Education Committee of the Pennsylvania Speech Association. He also held the positions of president, vice-president, and secretary for the American Association of University Professors and it is through this contribution that he is best remembered by an award which bears his name. John Henry Frizzell was a chaplain and a professor, serving as a faculty member at Pennsylvania State College where he taught public speaking. He eventually became the head of the speech department at the college and served as the first president of the Pennsylvania Speech Association.

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Scope and Content Notes

Records include a variety of administrative materials including: bylaws, constitutions, minutes, correspondence, planning materials for annual conference/convention, and committee records. Also included are various communication tools such as membership directories, newsletters, and other publications.

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Arrangement

The Pennsylvaia Speech Association records are arranged in twelve series:

Series I. Awards

Series II. Committees

Series III. Conferences/Conventions

Series IV. Constitutions

Series V. Correspondence

Series VI. Meeting Minutes

Series VII. Member Directories

Series VIII. Newsletters

Series IX. Pennsylvania High School Speech League

Series X. Pennsylvania State University

Series XI. Publications

Series XII. Topical Folders

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, February 2013

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Custodial History

This collection was originally placed in the care of the Special Collections Department of the University Library System in 1967. It was transferred to the Archives Service Center in September of 2012.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Nickie Puit in the October 2012.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Individual issues of The Pennsylvania Speech Annual are located at the University of Pittsburgh at both Hillman Library and the ULS Storage facility.

William Tacey Papers, 1924-1983, UA.90.F9, University Archives, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Pennsylvania High School Speech League.
  • Pennsylvania Speech Association.
  • Pennsylvania State University.
  • University of Pittsburgh.

Genre(s)

  • Constitutions
  • Correspondence
  • Newsletters
  • Proceedings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Altoona (Pa.)
  • Bethlehem (Pa.)
  • Harrisburg (Pa.)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Fairless, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), b. 1890
  • Frizzell, John Henry, 1881-1976
  • Tacey, William Sanford

Subject(s)

  • Associations
  • Education
  • Speech -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania
  • Speech therapy -- Pennsylvania

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Previous Citation

Pennsylvania Speech Association Records, 1939-1969, AIS.1967.03, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Awards, 1953-1965 

Scope and Content Notes

The awards series contains eight folders, each of which is assigned a year between 1953 and 1965. Each year corresponds to one or two individuals who were presented with the ‘Award for Distinction in the Art of Speech Used in the Service of Mankind’ from the Pennsylvania Speech Association. These individuals range from teachers to business professionals and include both men and women.

  BoxFolder
Benjamin Fairless, 1953 11
  Folder
Daniel A. Poling, 1954 2
  Folder
James Stewart, 1955 3
  Folder
Everett Hunt, 1956 4
  Folder
Janet Blair and Jennie Blatchford, 1957 5
  Folder
Charles Nutting, 1958 6
  Folder
Cloyd Harkins, 1959 7
  Folder
Beryl McLean and Emma Miller, 1965 8

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Series  II. Committees, 1949-1959 

Scope and Content Notes

The committee series contains seven folders, each corresponding to a specific group within the Pennsylvania Speech Association. Each folder contains either bylaws or other material for that specific committee.

  Folder
Committee Bylaws for the Clinical Speech and Hearing Division 9
  Folder
Committee Bylaws for the General Speech Division 10
  Folder
Committee Bylaws for the Speech Arts Division 11
  Folder
Committee on Oral Interpretation, Undated 12
  Folders
Committee on Public Relations, 1949-1959 13-14
  Folder
Committee on Speech Education, Undated 15

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Series  III. Conferences/Conventions, 1940-1961 

Scope and Content Notes

The conferences/conventions series contains 21 folders, each corresponding to one or multiple statewide meetings that the Pennsylvania Speech Association held annually. The folders predominately contain association registration forms, convention calls, and convention agendas.

  Folder
Second Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1940 16
  Folder
Third Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1941 17
  Folder
Fourth Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1942 18
  Folder
Fifth Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1946 19
  Folder
Sixth Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1947 20
  Folder
Seventh Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1948 21
  Folder
Fifth Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1949 22
  Folder
Sixth Annual Conference at Harrisburg, 1950 23
  Folder
Seventh Annual Conference at Harrisburg, Conference Material, 1951 24
  Folder
Seventh Annual Conference at Harrisburg, Registration Forms, 1951 25
  Folder
Eighth Annual Conference at Altoona, Conference Material, 1952 26
  Folder
Eighth Annual Conference at Altoona, Registration Forms A-C, 1952 27
  Folder
Eighth Annual Conference at Altoona, Registration Forms D-J, 1952 28
  Folder
Eighth Annual Conference at Altoona, Registration Forms K-N, 1952 29
  Folder
Eighth Annual Conference at Altoona, Registration Forms O-Z, 1952 30
  Folder
Ninth Annual Conference at Altoona, 1953 31
  Folder
Annual Conference at Pittsburgh, 1954 32
  Folder
Annual Conference, 1955-1956 33

Folder thirty-three contains material for the annual conferences of 1955, which took place in Philadelphia, and of 1956, which took place in Bethlehem.

  Folder
Annual Conference, 1955-1956 34

Folder thirty-four contains material for the annual conferences of 1957, which took place in Altoona, of 1958, which took place in Greensburg, of 1959, which took place in Philadelphia, of 1964, which took place in Philadelphia, of 1965, which took place in Pittsburgh, of 1968, and of an undated annual conference.

  Folder
Annual Conference Registration Forms, 1960-1961 35
  Folder
Convention Districts, Undated 36

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Series  IV. Constitutions, 1948-1964 

Scope and Content Notes

The constitution series contains four folders. The constitutions range 16 years and show how the Pennsylvania Speech Association evolved by changing and updated its goals and the stipulations for membership.

  Folder
 1948-1952 37
  Folder
 1953-1956 38
  Folder
 1957-1964 39
  Folder
Proposed, Undated 40

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Series  V. Correspondence, 1939-1969 

Scope and Content Notes

The correspondence series contains 74 folders, each of which corresponds to a specific year or genre of discourse. The majority of the series consists of correspondents between individuals, of which at least one of the two members is part of the association or its administration. There are two folders that do not follow this particular style and they are the general correspondence to all members, which consists of items sent from the association to multiple individuals, and internal correspondence, which is predominately letters sent from either the executive secretary or the president to other member of the administration.

  Folder
 1939 41
  Folder
 1940 42
  Folder
 1941 43
  Folders
 1942 44-47
  Folder
 1947 48
  Folder
 1948 49
  Folder
 1949 50
  Folders
 1950 51-52
  Folders
 1951 53-60
  Folders
 1952 61-67
  Folders
 1953 68-73
  Folders
 1954 74-76
  Folders
 1955 77-81
  Folder
 1956 82
  Folders
 1957 83-86
  Folders
 1958 87-94
  Folders
 1959 95-100
  Folders
 1960 101-104
  Folders
 1961 105-108
  Folder
 1962 109
  Folder
 1965 110
  Folder
 1967 111
  Folder
 1969 112
  BoxFolder
General Correspondence to all Members, 1939-1969 21
  Folder
Internal Correspondence, 1939-1969 2

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Series  VI. Meeting Minutes, 1939-1966 

Scope and Content Notes

The meeting minutes series contains three folders, each of which corresponds to multiple years of materials. Items in this series are records of either the executive committee or various association committees. These records are both hand-written and typed and cover a variety of topics such as convention planning and journal submissions.

  Folder
 1939-1941 3
  Folder
 1942-1959 4
  Folder
 1963-1966 5

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Series  VII. Member Directories, 1945-1966 

Scope and Content Notes

The member directories series contains 12 folders, each of which corresponds to either a specific type of directories or multiple years of general member directories. The general member directories include personal information about members such as their name, address, and occasionally their profession or field of study within the topic of speech.

  Folder
 1945/1946-1947/1948 6
  Folder
 1948/1949-1950/1951 7
  Folder
 1951/1952-1954/1955 8
  Folder
 1955/1956-1957/1958 9
  Folder
 1958/1959-1959/1960 10
  Folder
 1961/1962-1966 11
  Folder
Directory of Administrators, 1952-1968 12
  Folder
Directory of Non-Members 13
  Folder
Directory of Speech and Hearing Personnel, 1954-1958 14
  Folder
Directory of Volunteer Speech Consultants, 1968 15
  Folder
Directory Supplements, Undated 16
  Folder
First Meeting Attendance List 1939 17

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Series  VIII. Newsletters, 1939-1965 

Scope and Content Notes

The newsletters series contains 12 folders, each of which corresponds to one or multiple years of the newsletter produced by the association. The newsletter contains information such as the date and location of the conferences, meeting minutes, financial reports, list of officers, list of members, committee material, and other news.

  Folder
 1939-1940 18
  Folder
 1941-1942 19
  Folder
 1945-1946 20
  Folder
 1948-1949 21
  Folder
 1950 22
  Folder
 1951-1952 23
  Folder
 1953 24
  Folder
 1954-1955 25
  Folder
 1956-1957 26
  Folder
 1958-1959 27
  Folder
 1960-1961 28
  Folder
 1962; 1965 29

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Series  IX. Pennsylvania High School Speech League, 1961-1965 

Scope and Content Notes

The Pennsylvania High School Speech League series contains ten folders consisting of the speech league material, newsletters in particular, ranging from 1961-1965. This material shows how the Pennsylvania Speech Association influenced the education of speech in universities and colleges. Robert Dunham is listed as the director of the speech league on all of the newsletters. While acting as director he was a professor at Pennsylvania State University beginning in 1959 and the executive secretary for the Pennsylvania Speech Association beginning in 1964.

  Folder
Constitution Drafts and Final Copy 30
  Folder
Newsletter, 1962 31
  Folders
Newsletter, 1963 32-33
  Folders
Newsletter, 1964 34-35
  Folders
Newsletter, 1965 36-37
  Folder
Pamphlets, Event Calendar, and Letter from the Department Head 38
  Folder
Tournament Material 39

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Series  X. Pennsylvania State University, 1950-1969 

Scope and Content Notes

The Pennsylvania State University series contains seven folders relating to the university’s speech department and those affiliated with it, such as Dr. Oliver and the Speech Department students. Dr. Oliver was president of the Pennsylvania Speech Association in 1954, and president of the Speech Association of American in 1964. Due to his contributions, both on and off campus, Pennsylvania State University has a lifetime award for Speech Education that bears his name.

  Folder
Dr. Oliver's Student Reviews 40
  Folder
Executive Workshop Agenda 41
  Folder
List of Students Associated with the Speech Department 42
  Folder
Speech 0200 Lecture, Post-1963 43
  Folder
Speech 0502 Syllabus, Post-1963 44
  Folder
Speech Department Newsletter, 1969 45
  Folder
Test, Test Key, and Scantrons 46

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Series  XI. Publications (Various), 1940-1968 

Scope and Content Notes

The publications series consists of two folders that contain various printed speeches, articles, reports and other leaflets. This includes reports on early educational television.

  Folder
 1940-1952 47
  Folder
 1953-1968 48

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Series  XII. Topical Folders 

Scope and Content Notes

The topical folders contain material relating to the running of the organization, such as administrative papers, election information, and speeches.

  Folder
Agendas 49
  Folder
Auditorium Activities Roundtable 50
  Folder
Certification for Secondary School Teachers 51
  Folder
Code of Ethics 52
  Folder
Election Material 53
  Folder
Financial Reports 54
  Folder
Guidelines for Contributors to he Pennsylvania Speech Annual Journal 55
  Folder
Officer Duties 56
  Folder
Presidential Messages and Memorandums 57
  Folder
Photographs 58
  Folder
Reports, 1940-1954 59
  Folder
Reports, 1957-1959 60
  Folder
Resolutions 61
  Folder
Speech Association of the Eastern States 62
  Folder
Speeches and Speech Excerpt 63
  Folder
Surveys 64

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