Guide to the Ernest Rice McKinney Papers, 1929-1935, 1942 AIS.1963.04

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Ernest Rice McKinney Papers
Creator
McKinney, Ernest Rice, 1886-1984
Collection Number
AIS.1963.04
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1929-1935
Date [inclusive]
1929-1942
Extent
0.56 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract
Ernest McKinney was an African American journalist who played an integral role as an unemployed organizer for the National Unemployed League. This collection includes personal papers; it should be noted that McKinney sometimes wrote under the pseudonym of David Coolidge.

Preferred Citation

Ernest Rice McKinney Papers, 1929-1935, 1942, AIS.1963.04, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

Born in Malden, West Virginia, in 1886, McKinney, also known under the pseudonym David Coolidge, was the son of a coal miner. At different points in his life, McKinney endeavored a variety of jobs which included becoming editor of, This Month, a columnist for the Pittsburgh Courier (1932), Executive Secretary of the Unemployed Citizens' League of Allegheny County (1933), a Social Worker, and Assistant to the Director, Kingsley House. In 1916 an oral history conducted at Columbia University resulted in McKinney writing a 116 page book of memoirs published by Harvard University,  The Reminiscences of Ernest Rice McKinney. The memoir deals with the development of the National Unemployed League, depression days; organizing steel workers for CIO, membership in the Workers' Socialist Party; upgrading African Americans in industry; Working Men's Welfare Committees; Workers Party of the United States (Trotskyist Group) and its relationship to Communist and Socialist Parties; and McKinney's resignation from Workers Party.

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Scope and Content Notes

This collection is comprised of correspondence, newspaper clippings, a scrapbook and articles by McKinney, cartoons, and miscellaneous material ranging from publications to newsletters. Some of McKinney's papers are located at Harvard University and an oral history was conducted at Columbia University.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, 2003

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Finding aid updated with item-level information. April 2012

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Hugh Cleland on October 15, 1963.

Processing Information

This collection was originally processed by Archives Service Center staff in 1963. Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid was provided by Tami Jacques on January 22, 2003. Finding aid was updated with additional description by Bryce R. Henry on February 7, 2012. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Voyager ID number: 1410030.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Manchester Industrial Center (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Pennsylvania Unemployed League. Allegheny County Division.
  • Socialist Workers Party.
  • Unemployed Citizens' League of Allegheny County.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- Social conditions

Personal Name(s)

  • McKinney, Ernest Rice, 1886-1984

Subject(s)

  • African American journalists -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • African American social workers -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Journalists -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Personal papers
  • Social action
  • Social workers -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Social workers -- Political activity
  • Socialism
  • Socialists -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Unemployed -- United States

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Previous Citation

Ernest Rice McKinney Papers, 1929-1935, 1942, AIS.1963.04, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

McKinney, Ernest Rice Papers, 1929-1935, 1942, Archives of Industrial Society, University of Pittsburgh Libraries

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Collection Inventory

  BoxFolder
Correspondence of the Unemployed Citizen’s League of Pittsburgh, March-April 1933 11

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  Folder
Newspaper clippings, circa 1936 2

Includes poetry, editorials, and several “It Is My Opinion” articles by McKinney on a variety of topics including employment, unions, and politics

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  Folder
Clipbook (unbound), 1932-1933 3

Newspaper clippings regarding employment, politics, President Roosevelt, and unions.

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  Folder
Miscellaneous publications and periodicals, 1935 4
 1. Ernest Rice McKinney, “The Tactics of the Socialist Party in Pittsburgh: A Rejoinder” 
 2. David Coolidge, Bulletin on the Negro Question 
 3. Constitution and Platform of the Unemployed Citizen’s League of Allegheny County 
 4. “The Unemployed in Action: A Challenge to the Unemployed of Pittsburgh,” Bulletin 3 of the Pittsburgh UCL 
 5. Preamble to the Constitution of the Unemployed Citizen’s League of Allegheny County, March 1935 
 6. Untitled open letter/statement/manifesto of David Coolidge, circa 1935 

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  Folder
The agenda and minutes for the July 30-31, 1934 Convention of the National Unemployed League, circa 1934 5

2 copies

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  Folder
Miscellaneous publications and periodicals, 1929-1942 6
 1.  Demonstrate, the Official Organ of the PA Unemployed League, nos. 1-2 October-November 1934 
 2. Flier for "Don't Tread On Me," the Second Annual Convention of the National Unemployed League, 1934 

The convention took place on July 30, 31 and August 1, 1934 in Columbus, Ohio. 2 copies.

 3.  Information Bulletin: A Service for Unemployed Organizations magazine issues 1-3, 1932-1933 
 4.  Abolish Segregation, Jim-Crowism, Discrimination, vol. 1, no. 2, November 1942 
 5.  This Month, vol. 1, no. 2, June 1929 

Includes Ernest McKinney, “Holy Men of Aframerica."

 6.  The Letter: Weekly News of the Center, vol 3, no. 6, February 5, 1931 

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  Folder
Mass Action, vol 1, nos. 1-5, 17, 1935 7
  Folder
Cartoons 8
 1.  Labor Age Cartoons 

2 copies, original and copy.

 2. Various cartoons assembled from unknown sources 

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  Folder
Two articles by Ernest Rice McKinney, 1929 and 1933 10
 1. “Race Solidarity: An Ideal of No Importance,” The World Tomorrow, January 1929 
 2. “The Negro’s Road to Freedom,” Labor Age, vol. 21, no. 9, September 1932 

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  Folder
Sworn statement of Charles Lewis, March 31, 1933 9

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