Guide to the Wyona S. Coleman Papers, 1971-2005 AIS.2000.21

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ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Wyona S. Coleman Papers
Creator
Coleman, Wyona S.
Collection Number
AIS.2000.21
Date [inclusive]
1971-2005
Extent
21.25 linear feet (17 boxes)
Abstract
The Papers of Wyona Coleman document a period of escalating environmental activism. A dedicated environmentalist, Coleman has campaigned on the local, state, and federal levels of government for effective means to protect and to mitigate harm to the environment caused by the acquisition of natural resources and refuse disposal. The bulk of Coleman's papers relate to coal mining and detail her position as a representative of the Sierra Club of Pennsylvania on various committees of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), formerly known as the Department of Environmental Resources (DER). These committees addressed such issues as the impact of coal mining (especially longwall mining), solid waste disposal, and oil and natural gas drilling on the environment. Materials include committee meeting minutes and notes, correspondence, drafts of legislation, evidence of lawsuits resulting from changes in legislation, educational publications, and newspaper clippings.

Preferred Citation

Wyona S. Coleman Papers, 1971-2005, AIS.2000.21, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

Coleman began life as Wyona Smith on March 23, 1932 in Steeleville, Illinois. She earned her Bachelor of Arts degree from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois. Coleman joined The Courier of Urbana, Illinois in 1956 and after four years left the paper for a public relations position with the Illinois Geological Survey.

In 1967, Coleman relocated to western Pennsylvania, where she became increasingly involved in the environmental movement. She campaigned to expand the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System in western Pennsylvania. She also participated in the first national Earth Day, April 22, 1970 on the campus of California State College, California, Pennsylvania. During the same year Coleman joined the Brownsville Telegraph as a freelance reporter and editor. In 1972, she contributed to the formation of the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club. Coleman became more active on the state level representing the Sierra Club on a number of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources (DER) committees. She participated on various committees including the Mining Legislative Task Force, Mining and Reclamation Advisory Board, Coal Work Group, and the Bonding Advisory Board. The purpose of the committees was to formulate legislation and regulations in response to the 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), which allowed states greater regulatory control over surface mining.

In 1980, the Pennsylvania DER created the Solid Waste Advisory Committee in response to the growing issue of solid waste disposal. Coleman participated in this committee and played a significant role in the creation of Getting Involved, a DER publication on public participation in the siting of waste facilities. Coleman also participated in a number of supplementary committees such as the Hazardous Waste Facilities Planning Advisory Committee, Hazardous Waste Siting Committee and the Recycling Fund Advisory Committee. In 1981, Governor Thornburgh recognized her participation among others in a "Decade of Service" to the DER proclamation with a ceremony and luncheon.

While serving on the DER committees, Coleman also chaired the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club from 1981 to1983 and again from 1985 to 1986. During her terms she established a full-time lobbyist position in Harrisburg for the Pennsylvania Chapter.

As coal companies turned to long-wall mining, the removal of large panels of coal that cause subsidence affecting natural features and man-made structures, Coleman sought to protect citizens' rights in the coalfields of Ohio, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. She contributed to the organization of the Tri-State Citizens Mining Network in 1994 to create awareness and advocate for the protection of citizens, their rights and the environment. The Network has protested long-wall mining activities, such as those that have undermined Interstate 70, and advocates for victims of subsidence and water loss. In 2000, the Pennsylvania Wildlife Federation awarded her the Gail Rockwood Public Service Award. On the state level, Coleman coordinated Sierra Club Training to develop the next generation of leaders for the environmental movement. From 2000 to 2005 she served as the Mining, Oil, Gas Conservation Issue Chair. Coleman continued to work for environmental rights until her death in 2005.

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Scope and Content Notes

The papers of Wyona S. Coleman document the impact of the environmental movement, primarily in western Pennsylvania, on state and federal regulations. Much of the material concerns mitigating the harmful effects of procuring natural resources. In an effort to minimize damage caused by coal mining, groups, such as the Sierra Club, participated with the DER in the drafting and amendment of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMRCA) of 1977. Since Pennsylvania had an established version of this federal mandate (SMCRA, 1945), Coleman and other members lobbied for stricter regulations on the federal SMCRA, especially during the drafting of the "State Window" legislation that allowed states the opportunity to relax their existing rules as long as they were no less strict than the federal legislation.

As the demand for coal increased in the 1990s, Coleman worked with activist groups that focused on longwall mining, which had become the method of choice for mining companies. The collection also includes information on safety regulations imposed on solid waste disposal in Pennsylvania, as well as studies, research materials, and articles on many other environmental topics. The collection is rich in information about how environmental degradation affected the safety of homes and property value, water, and wildlife.

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Arrangement

The Coleman papers have been arranged into the following series. Extensive scope notes on each topic are available in the container list.

  • Series I: Coal Mining
  • Series II: Solid Waste Disposal
  • Series III: Oil and Natural Gas Drilling, 1980-1998
  • Series IV: Longwall Mining
  • Series V: Research

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, 2005

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002 July 1, 2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Wyona S. Coleman on December 20, 2000, and Phillip Coleman in 2005.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Mike Oliveira, Carrie Smith, and Jessica Mirasol in 2006.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Citizens Coal Council.
  • Environmental Law & Policy Center.
  • Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Group.
  • Pennsylvania. Department of Environmental Protection.
  • Pennsylvania. Department of Environmental Resources.
  • Sierra Club. Pennsylvania Chapter. Allegheny Group.
  • Sierra Club. Pennsylvania Chapter.
  • Tri-State Citizens Mining Network.
  • United States. Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Allegheny National Forest (Pa.)
  • Appalachian Region
  • Greene County (Pa.)
  • Pennsylvania

Personal Name(s)

  • Coleman, Wyona S.

Subject(s)

  • Coal mines and mining -- Environmental aspects -- Pennsylvania
  • Coal mines and mining -- Law and legislation -- Pennsylvania
  • Coal mines and mining -- Waste disposal -- Pennsylvania
  • Environment
  • Environmental policy -- Pennsylvania
  • Environmental protection -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny National Forest
  • Environmentalists -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Gas wells -- Environmental aspects -- Pennsylvania
  • Hazardous waste sites -- Pennsylvania
  • Longwall mining -- Pennsylvania
  • Oil wells -- Environmental aspects -- Pennsylvania
  • Personal papers
  • Strip mining -- Appalachian Region
  • Waste disposal sites -- Pennsylvania
  • Women
  • Women environmentalists -- Pennsylvania

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Previous Citation

Wyona S. Coleman Papers, 1971-2005, AIS.2000.21, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Coal Mining 

Scope and Content Notes

This series documents the transfer of greater powers to the states to regulate coal mining as a result of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, SMCRA. This process included the drafting of regulations, hearings, and litigation. In Pennsylvania, regulations were drafted by committees assisted by advisory groups that included a variety of stakeholders. Coleman participated in a number of committees representing the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club.

Subseries  1. Department of Environmental Resources,(DER) Committee Documents, 1977-1987 

Scope and Content Notes

The DER committees were created in response to the passage of the Federal SMCRA of 1977. The act sought to address environmental concerns throughout the mining cycle from site selection to its reclamation. The act created the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) in the Department of the Interior to implement state regulations that complied with SMCRA standards.

This sub-series contains committee materials collected by Coleman during her participation in the Mining Legislation Ad Hoc Task Force, the subsequent Mining Advisory Committee, Ad Hoc Mining Task Force and the Coal Work Group. The task forces formulated legislation while the work group sought to identify regulations that may have restricted production of Pennsylvania coal. The committees' materials include documents on Section 522, Lands Designated Unsuitable for Mining and the Ad Hoc Task Force's Final Report. The committee materials also include correspondence, a report, and a response document from the Pennsylvania Bureau of Mining and Reclamation concerning the product of the Coal Work Group.

  BoxFolder
Mining Legislation - Ad Hoc Task Force, 1977-1980 11-6
  Folder
Mining Advisory Committee, Ad Hoc Mining Task Force, 1982-1984 7
  Folder
Coal Work Group, 1987 8-10

Subseries  2. Governmental and Non-Governmental Organization Documents, 1971-1993 

Scope and Content Notes

This sub-series contains governmental, non-governmental, and subject files concerning mining regulation and legislation. The regulations cover a number of areas such as blasting, bonding, and revegetation. Additional files can be found in Series IV: Longwall Mining. Coleman collected these documents in support of her activities with the Commonwealth and the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club. The documents were produced by a number of different agencies and organizations including the Office of Surface Mining (OSM), Department of Environmental Resources (DER), The Beleaguered Earth Study Group, the League of Women Voters, various Chapters of the Sierra Club, the Environmental Policy Institute, the National Wildlife Federation and the Natural Resource Defense Council to name a few. Documents include articles, comments, conference materials, correspondence, legislation, newspaper clippings, reports, and testimony.

  Folder
Strip Mining, 1971-1977 11-13
  Folder
Damage to Roads in Luzerne Township Due to Coal Trucks, 1972-1973 14
  Folder
Public Hearing on the Petition of Luzerne Coal Corporation, 1973 15
  Folder
Conference on Surface-Mined Land for Recreation, 1973 16
  Folder
Strip Mining Legislation, 1974-1976 17
  Folder
Drafting Pennsylvania Sierra Club Strip Mining Policy, 1976 18
  Folder
Farmland in Knox County, Illinois, 1976-1980 19
  Folder
Proposed Regulations, 1977-1978 20
  Folder
Citizens' Grievance, 1977-1986 21-22
  Folder
OSM Vacancy Announcement, 1978 23
  Folder
Sierra Club National Committee Member Lists, 1978-1980 24
  Folder
Pennsylvania State Primacy, 1978-1983 25-27
  Folder
New Coal Technology, 1978-1987 28
  Folder
OSM News / Press Releases, 1978-1993 39-30
  Folder
Draft Report on Acid Mine Drainage on a Stream, February 07, 1979 31
  BoxFolder
Environmental Assessment, Pa. House Bill 106, 1979-1980 21
  Folder
Mine Regulation and Enforcement Field Office, 1979-1980 2
  Folder
Attempts to Amend SMCRA, 1979-1980 3
  Folder
Pennsylvania Proposed Legislation, 1979-1980 4
  Folder
US Congressional Oversight Committees of OSM, 1979-1980 5-6
  Folder
Coal Action Network, 1979-1981 7
  Folder
Coal Mining, 1979-1983 8
  Folder
Strip Mining Problems in Pennsylvania - Report, March 17, 1980 9
  Folder
Notices of Violations, 1980-1981 10
  Folder
Two-Acre Exemption and Prime Farm Land Regulation, 1980-1982 11
  Folder
DER Enforcements, 1980-1985 12
  Folder
State Primacy Regulations, 1980-1988 13-14
  Folder
SMCRA Regulation Litigation, 1980-1988 15-21
  Folder
Confirmation of James R. Harris, 1981 22
  Folder
Blasting and Explosives, 1981 23
  Folder
Bonding Regulations, 1981 24
  BoxFolder
Excess Spoils Regulations, 1981 31
  Folder
Revegetation Regulation, 1981 2
  Folder
Northcentral Highlands Forum, March 27, 1981 3
  Folder
OSM Rulemaking Calendar, April 23, 1981 4
  Folder
Little Kanawha, Burnsville Dam Area and Holly Grove Coal Company, October 01-26, 1981 5
  Folder
Watt Draft OSM Regulations, 1981-1982 6-8
  Folder
OSM Reorganization, 1981-1982 9
  Folder
Comments on OSM Regulations, 1981-1982 10-12
  Folder
Coal Leasing and Strip Mining Regulations, 1981-1982 13
  Folder
Department of Environmental Resources, 1981-1983 14
  Folder
Areas Unsuitable for Mining, 1981-1986 15
  Folder
Rural Abandon Mine Program, RAMP, 1981-1988 16-17
  Folder
Luzerne Coal Corporation Consent Order and Agreement, 1982 18
  Folder
DER Reponses to Comments on Chapters 86, 87, 89, and 90, 1982 19
  Folder
Auger Mining, Experimental Practices, and Topsoil Regulations, 1982 20
  Folder
Coal Exploration Regulations, 1982 21
  Folder
Chapter 87, Subchapter F, 1982-1983 22
  Folder
Abandon Mine / Land and Reclamation, 1983-1992 23-24
  Folder
Anthracite Coal Mining, 1984 25
  Folder
Effluent Limitations Guidelines, 1984 26
  Folder
Coal Reclamation Report, 1984 27
  Folder
Environmental Policy Institute Contact List, 1984 28
  Folder
Citizens Workshop on the Surface Mining Act, 1985 29
  Folder
Citizen's Strip-mine Enforcement Workshop, 1985 30
  Folder
OSM Management Action Plan (MAP) Reactions, 1985 31
  Folder
Coal Mining and Ground Water Quality Report, 1985 32
  Folder
Coal Mining Articles and Reports, 1985-1993 33
  Folder
Strategy Meeting Notice on Mining Issues, February 03, 1986 34
  Folder
Surface Mine Reclamation, 1986-1987 35
  Folder
Coal Mining Newspaper Clippings, 1986-1993 36
  BoxFolder
SMCRA 10th Anniversary, 1987 41
  Folder
Commonwealth and Federal Legislation, 1987-1988 2
  Folder
Pa. Mines and Energy Committee, Ad Hoc Committee on Coal, 1988 3
  Folder
Mine Drainage and Surface Mine Reclamation Conference 4
  Folder
Bond Rate Guidelines and Bonding Alternative 5
  Folder
Non-Coal Surface Mining Comment and Response Document 6
  Folder
Abandon Refuse Sites 7
  Folder
Citizens Coal Council 8
  Folder
Acid Mine Drainage, 1993 9
  Folder
House Appropriations Committee, March 17, 1993 10
  Folder
Request for Participation in Mineral Extension Study, June 24, 1993 11
  Folder
Secretary Babbit Meeting with OSM Employees, July 26, 1993 12

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Series  II. Solid Waste Disposal 

Scope and Content Notes

A number of factors caused the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to examine its regulations concerning solid waste: the additional use of Pennsylvania landfill sites by other states, the environmental burden of waste disposal, and a lack of regulation to ensure safe disposal of waste. The DER formed committees of the various stakeholders to draft regulations for the safe disposal of solid waste. This included the regulation of facilities siting and of disposing of hazardous waste.

Subseries  1. Department of Environmental Resources, (DER) Committee Documents 1981-1993 

Scope and Content Notes

This sub-series contains committee materials collected by Coleman during her participation in the Solid Waste Roundtable, Hazardous Waste Facilities Planning Advisory Committee (HWFPAC), the Solid Waste Advisory Committee (SWAC), the Hazardous Waste Siting Committee (HWSC), and the Recycling Fund Advisory Committee (RFAC). The committees cooperated to recommend to the Department of Environmental Protection regulations to implement a Pennsylvania Hazardous Waste Facilities Plan. The creation of the Pennsylvania Hazardous Waste Facilities Plan was mandated by the Solid Waste Management Act to regulate hazardous waste and plan for the future. HWFPAC and SWAC consisted of a variety of stakeholders including representatives from a waste treatment facility, a waste generator, local governments, environmentalists and academic scientists. The files consist of committee agendas, minutes, correspondence, and supporting materials. The HWFPAC files contain a plan edited by Coleman. The HWSC files contain information on the development of a citizen primer, Getting Involved, concerning public participation in the siting of waste facilities. RFAC, part of SWAC, advised the state on the expenditure of funds generated from fees assessed on the dumping of waste to benefit recycling programs.

  Folder
Solid Waste Management Roundtable, 1981-1983 13
  Folder
Hazardous Waste Facilities Planning Advisory Committee, 1981-1983 14-18
  Folder
Solid Waste Advisory Committee (SWAC), 1984-1993 19-28
  Folder
Hazardous Waste Siting Committee, 1985-1993 29-32
  BoxFolder
Hazardous Waste Siting Committee, 1985-1993 51-2
  Folder
DER Review of Advisory Groups, 1989 3
  Folder
Recycling Fund Advisory Committee, 1992-1993 4

Subseries  2. Governmental and Non-Governmental Documents 1978-1993 

Scope and Content Notes

This sub-series contains documents in support of Coleman's participation with the DER Solid Waste committees and the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club. These files include documents from other stakeholders, and those not directly attributable to one of the DER Committees. The documents were produced by a number of different agencies and organizations including the Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Group, the League of Women Voters, and the Sierra Club. The files consist of various documents including articles, comments, conference materials, correspondence, legislation, newspaper clippings, reports, and testimony collected by Coleman.

  Folder
Citizens' grievances - hazardous waste, 1978-1979 5
  Folder
Hazardous and toxic waste, 1979-1989 6
  Folder
Pa. House Bill 1840 hazardous waste siting, 1979-1980 7-8
  Folder
Hazardous waste siting comments, 1980-1981 9-12
  Folder
Hazardous waste newspaper clippings, 1980-1986 13-15
  Folder
Franklin Township and Fayette County vs. DER and Elwin Farms, Inc., December 02, 1982 16
  Folder
Hazardous waste statements, 1982 17-18
  Folder
Hazardous waste siting criteria statements, 1983-1984 19-20
  Folder
Hazardous waste siting - proposed rulemaking draft, 1984 21
  Folder
Solid waste disposal articles, 1984-1987 22
  Folder
Proposed hazardous waste siting criteria comments, 1985 23-24
  Folder
National Small Quantity Hazardous Waste Generator Survey, 1985 25
  Folder
Proposed ground water quality protection, 1985-1987 26
  Folder
Solid waste newspaper clippings, 1985-1987 27
  Folder
Clippings/Articles 28
  Folder
Conference information, 1985-1987 29
  Folder
Legislation, 1985-1987 30
  Folder
Proposed incinerator ash policies, 1986-1987 31
  Folder
Incineration of Biomedical Waste 32
  Folder
Small quantity generators program development options, 1987 33
  Folder
Permit -By-Rule Facilities report, 1987 34
  Folder
Judging Governor's Waste Minimization Award, 1988 35
  Folder
Solid waste legislation from State Senator David J. Brightbill, 1993 36

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Series  III. Oil and Natural Gas Drilling 1980-1998 

Scope and Content Notes

This series focuses on the environmental effects of oil and natural gas drilling predominately in western Pennsylvania. The documents include correspondence and materials from environmental organizations such as the Sierra Club and the National Citizen's Network as well as newspaper clippings.

  Folder
Citizens' Guide to Oil and Gas Leasing, circa 1980 37
  BoxFolder
Citizens' Advisory Council report on regulations, April 07, 1981 61
  Folder
Assessment of oil and gas management programs, 1981-1992 2
  Folder
Oil and Gas Act Pennsylvania SB 402, 1984-1985 3
  Folder
Water Contamination, 1985 4
  Folder
Allegheny National Forest drilling, 1986-1992 5-7
  Folder
Pennsylvania Code Chapters 78, 79, and 97, 1988 8
  Folder
Pa. Air and Water Pollution Committee, 1988 9
  Folder
Regulations - comments and correspondence, 1988 10
  Folder
Oil and Gas Act of 1984, amendments to Act 223, 1988-1989 11
  Folder
National Citizen's Network, 1988-1992 12-13
  Folder
DER comment and response document, 1989 14
  Folder
Oil and gas regulations, 1989-1991 15-16
  Folder
Oil and gas waste regulation, 1991 17
  Folder
Oil and gas wells - newspaper clippings, 1992, 1998 18
  Folder
National Fuel proposed pipelines, February 17, 1994 19
  Folder
Orphan Well Plugging Fund Report, January 1998 20

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Series  IV. Longwall Mining 

Scope and Content Notes

The series deals primarily with the efforts of environmental groups to limit and control damage caused by longwall mining in Pennsylvania. Longwall mining is an efficient form of underground mining in which a cutting machine removes coal from a seam in large blocks or "panels". As the machine advances, leaving a gap, support structures are removed and the roof of the mine collapses. The resulting subsidence can have a severe impact on homeowners, leading to fissures and bumps in roads, cracked foundations and walls, broken pipes, or permanent loss of well water. Acid mine drainage and disrupted water sources can also harm local ecosystems.

Coleman worked with groups such as the Sierra Club, the Tri State Citizens Mining Network, and the Citizen's Coal Council to amend state and federal mining regulation and on enforcement of these laws. Most materials in this series reflect the environmentalists' perspective, but Coleman also collected information and articles from coal companies and from local miners, who feared for the security of their jobs.

This series has been arranged into five subseries: SMCRA, BMSLCA, Court Cases and Other Legal Issues, Bonding, and Groups.

Subseries  1. SMCRA- State and Federal 

Scope and Content Notes

There are two Acts referred to as SMCRA: one is a Pennsylvania statute passed in 1945 called the Subsidence Mine Conservation and Reclamation Act; the other is a federal statute passed in 1977 called the Subsidence Mine Control and Reclamation Act. Both of these acts have been through several attempts at amendment and this collection contains information about those amendments and the work surrounding them. One major attempt to amend SMCRA of 1977 is referred to as "State Window" Strip Mining Regulations. This was very controversial because it allowed states to create their own mining rules as long as they were no more or no less strict than the federal laws. Coleman and the groups to which she belonged were heavily involved in fighting this amendment and the papers reflect their work in this area.

  BoxFolder
Coal Legislation- House Bill 71
  Folder
Side by Side- PA v. Federal rules 2
  Folder
Notes on SMCRA History 3
  Folder
Title 25- 1975 4
  Folder
Title 25 5-7
  Folder
Comments of National Wildlife Federation Ownership and Control Rule 8
  Folder
Background: Pennsylvania Subsidence Law 9
  Folder
Subsidence Rules 82-84 10
  Folder
PA Coal Regulation Changes 1991 11
  Folder
Areas Unsuitable for Mining Program 12
  Folder
1945 SMCRA 13
  Folder
SMCRA 14
  Folder
HB 329 15
  Folder
Acts 173/43 16
  Folder
HB 1076 17
  Folder
Other Amendments to SMCRA 1945 18
  Folder
SMCRA 1945- DER report 19
  Folder
SMCRA 1977 20
  Folder
Enforcement of SMCRA 21
  Folder
"State Window" Strip Mining Regulations 22
  Folder
"State Window" litigation, 1982-1983 23
  Folder
Senate Bill 416 24
  Folder
Other Amendments to SMCRA 1977 25
  Folder
Senate Resolution 100 26
  Folder
House Subcommittee of Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Hearing 1987 27
  Folder
Section 522 (e) of SMCRA- VER (Valid Existing Rights) 28
  Folder
VER Opinion 29
  Folder
VER 30
  Folder
Office of Surface Mining (OSM) Reports 1986 31
  Folder
SMCRA Litigation 32
  Folder
SMCRA Litigation 1985 33
  Folder
SMCRA Litigation 1987 34
  Folder
OSM Proposal Revisions to SMCRA 35-36

Subseries  2. Bituminous Mine Subsidence and Land Conservation Act (BMSLCA) 

Scope and Content Notes

In 1966, Act 31, also known as the Bituminous Mine Subsidence and Land Conservation Act (BMSLCA), was passed in Pennsylvania. It addressed the damage caused to people and property by underground coal mining. Act 31 underwent a series of amendments, the most significant being Act 54. Throughout the legislation changes, Coleman and the groups in which she participated, mainly the Sierra Club and the Tri State Citizens Mining Network, were heavily involved in the deliberation surrounding the amendments and much of their correspondence regarding these activities is included in this section of the collection.

  BoxFolder
Pennsylvania Longwall Mining Regulations 81
  Folder
Act 31 of 1966 (Bituminous Mine Subsidence and Land Conservation Act) 2
  Folder
BMSLCA 3-4
  Folder
HB 2514 (Deep Mine Mediation Bill 1990) 5
  Folder
HB 2514 6
  Folder
HB 1828 (originally HB 2514) 7
  Folder
HB 1828 8
  Folder
House vote on HB 1828 9
  Folder
Deep Mine Mediation Program CAWLM withdrawal 10
  Folder
Other Amendments to Act 31 11
  Folder
Act 54 12-16
  Folder
Technical guidance- Act 54 17
  Folder
Act 54- DEP, DER 18
  Folder
Act 54- Public hearing, Oct.13, 1998 19
  Folder
Meetings on Act 54 20
  Folder
Comments on Act 54- Coal Caucus Meeting 21
  Folder
Flannery decision on subsidence, 1990 22
  Folder
Mining Litigation Correspondence 23
  Folder
DEP's BMSCLA Regulatory Package 24
  Folder
HB 2242 (Coal Community Fairness Act) 25
  Folder
Coal Community Fairness Act Rally, 2001 26
  Folder
HB 2653 ("Peter Daley's Amendment") 27
  Folder
HB 1800 Coalfield Water and Protection Act 28

Subseries  3. Court Cases and Other Legal Issues 

Scope and Content Notes

As a result of much of the legislation, Coleman and her environmental colleagues took part in several court cases. Many of these cases were about the legislation itself and what it would mean for future coal regulations. These groups also participated in court cases in which a person or group was in violation of the legislation that had been passed. The documents in this section of the collection reflect some of the extent of the groups' legal involvement.

  BoxFolder
HB 1075/Act 114 Valley Fills 91
  Folder
Hughes Hollow/Vesta Valley Fills 2
  Folder
Judge Haden Decision- Valley Fills 3
  Folder
Valley Fills- West Virginia 2002 Rule Change 4
  Folder
Mediation Working Conference 5
  Folder
Permanent Surface Mining Regulation Litigation 6-12
  Folder
BethEnergy Mines v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 13
  Folder
Alice Water Protection Association 14-15
  Folder
PUSH (People United to Save Homes) 16
  Folder
PUSH Litigation 17-19
  Folder
PUSH 1999-2000 20
  Folder
Lucchino Case 21
  Folder
Roaring Run Court Case 22
  Folder
Consol Pennsylvania Coal Company v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 23
  Folder
Consultants 24
  Folder
Pt. Pleasant Settlement, 1994 25
  Folder
Mine Subsidence Insurance Fund 26
  Folder
Federal Register Notices 27
  Folder
Release Agreements (Gag orders) 28
  BoxFolder
Other Lawsuits 101-2
  Folder
Citizen Complaints- FOI/DEP Sample Letters 3
  Folder
Citizen Complaints- 1982-1990 4
  Folder
84 Mining Company 5-6
  Folder
Mine 84 Permit 7
  Folder
Mine 84 Permit Renewal 8
  Folder
Mine 84 Permit- Washington County, 1994-1995 9
  Folder
Mine 84 Permit- Perspective of Water Companies 10
  Folder
Permits 11
  Folder
Mettiki Mine- West Virginia Longwall Mining 12
  Folder
Hays Hill Proposal- Permit 13
  Folder
Shoemaker Mine Permit 14
  Folder
105 Permit 15
  Folder
UMCO Mine Permit- Community Meeting 16
  Folder
Willowbrook Mining (McConnels Mill State Park) - Permit 17
  Folder
Hilsboro Coal Mining Permit 18
  Folder
Enlow Fork Mine Extension 19
  Folder
Baily Mine Extension, Greene County, Ryerson Park, 1997-2000 20
  Folder
Mining in Schuylkill County 21
  Folder
DEP- Technical Guidance Documents on Mining 22
  Folder
Correspondence- Greene County Mine Permits 23
  Folder
Coal Combustion Waste Disposal (CCW) 24
  Folder
Coal Refuse Disposal Sites 25
  Folder
Gas Spill- Hazelton 26
  Folder
Consol Coal Mines in Greene County, 1981-1993 27
  Folder
Pennzoil Underground Injection Control Permit, 1994 28
  Folder
RAG- American Coal Co. - Emerald and Cumberland Mines, Greene County 29
  Folder
Maple Creek, Montour, Matties, Monview Mines 30
  BoxFolder
PA Regulatory Program 111
  Folder
Office of Surface Mining (OSM) Performance Evaluations 2
  Folder
OSM Federal Oversight 3
  Folder
Ten-Day Notice Directive 4
  Folder
OSM 5-6
  Folder
OSM, 1997-1999 7-9
  Folder
Environmental Quality Board (EQB) OSM Hearings on Mine Proposals 10
  Folder
Intervention Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)/OSM Litigation 11
  Folder
OSM/DEP Dispute 12
  Folder
Comments on DEP/OSM Proposal, 2003 13
  Folder
Final OSM/DEP Negotiation Settlement 14
  Folder
DEP Amendment to OSM Decision 15
  Folder
OSM Directives to DEP 16
  Folder
OSM/DEP 17-18
  Folder
OSM Inspection Reports 19
  Folder
Mather Coal Refuse Pile 20
  Folder
SB 1030- Renewable Portfolio Standard (Electric Generation) 21
  Folder
Water 22-23
  Folder
Clean Water Act- "Buffer Zone Rule", 2004 24
  Folder
Streams- Dunkard Creek, WV 25
  Folder
Water Resources Forums, 2001-2004 26
  Folder
Probable Hydrologic Consequences of Mining 27
  Folder
Stream Study- Enlow Fork, etc 28
  Folder
Wheeling Creek Watershed Project 29
  Folder
Watersheds- Settling Priorities Mon River Basin 30
  Folder
Water Resources Symposium 31
  Folder
Stream and Watershed Restoration 32
  Folder
Watersheds- West Virginia 33
  Folder
HB 866 Costs for Coal Mining Act 34
  Folder
Oil Gas Act 35
  Folder
Oil Gas Leasing 36
  Folder
Noncoal Mining Legislation 37
  Folder
HB 393- Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation (SLAPP) 38
  Folder
HR No. 6- Sewage Sludge 39
  Folder
National Coal Association v. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 40
  Folder
1872 Mining Law Reform, 1979 41

Subseries  4. Bonding 

Scope and Content Notes

Under SMCRA, mining companies are required to pay a per-acre performance bond on all mined land. If the company fails to restore the land according to the standards outlined by SMCRA, the bond is forfeit and used to cover the cost of reclamation. Cleanup then falls to the "regulatory authority", which is either a state program or the OSM under a federal program. Some states have opted for a "bond pool" or "reclamation fund" instead of the usual performance bond system, which is permissible so long as the fund generates enough money to fully cover the cost of reclamation.

Many environmental groups found that performance bonds and bond pools were inadequate and poorly utilized and accused OSM and other regulatory authorities of failing to follow SMCRA guidelines. This led to extensive lawsuits throughout the 1980s and late 1990s, often involving multiple plaintiffs and defendants.

  BoxFolder
Applicant Violator System (AVS) 121
  Folder
Reg- 8 Oversight of State Regulatory Programs 2
  Folder
Review of Bonding System 3
  Folder
Coal Forfeiture Sites 4
  Folder
Bonding- Articles/Clippings/News releases 5
  Folder
Bonding Legislation, 1980s 6
  Folder
Full Cost Bonding Draft, 1999 7
  Folder
Bonding Suits, 1980s 8
  Folder
Bonding Suits (PFSC v. Hess), 1999-2002 9
  Folder
Research- Bonding Permits by State, 1987 10
  Folder
Bonding Suit Mailing Lists, 1999 11
  Folder
Suit Against OSM-2003 (PA Bond Program Approval) 12
  Folder
Correspondence- Bonding, 1999-2003 13
  Folder
Alternative Bonding System 1991 (Justification for 1999 suit) 14
  Folder
Bonding Suits 15
  Folder
Bonding Suits (Penn Future/DEP), 1999 16
  Folder
Bonding Suits (Penn Future/DEP), 1999-2002 17
  Folder
Bonding Legislation Research, 1999-2000 18
  Folder
Bonding Suit- 1981 19
  Folder
Reports on Bonding by DEP, 1985 20
  Folder
Witness Questionnaires, 1999-2000 21
  Folder
PFSC, et al. v. Norton, et al., 2005 22
  Folder
Abandoned Mined Lands (AML) 23
  Folder
AML Program/Fund 24-25
  Folder
Abandoned Mined Lands/ Acid Mine Drainage 26
  Folder
HB 1427 Mine Drainage Cleanup Act, 1997 27
  Folder
Acid Mine Drainage Workshop, 1994 28

Subseries  5. Groups 

Scope and Content Notes

Many environmental groups strived for better mining regulations. Although the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club's focus was wide-ranging, other groups, such as the Tri-State Citizens Mining Network and the Citizens Coal Council, were formed specifically to minimize damage caused by mining. The groups often worked together to achieve their goals, forming alliances and committees to address specific problems. Their efforts are documented here through meeting minutes, correspondence, committee and workshop information, and group publications.

  BoxFolder
Sierra Club (SC), 1980-2001 131-6
  Folder
Budgets, 1992-1997 7
  Folder
Centennial 8
  Folder
Funding Campaign 9
  Folder
PA Chapter Testimony and Comment 10
  Folder
Correspondence 11
  Folder
Energy Committee, 1983-1994 12
  Folder
Department of Environmental Resources (DER)-Proposal Division 13
  Folder
Jobs v. the Environment 14
  Folder
Sierra Club Foundation 15
  Folder
Sierra Club and Minorities- Cultural Diversity 16
  Folder
Conservation Committee, 1989-1996 17-18
  Folder
Legal Committee 19
  Folder
Training/Workshop 20
  Folder
Leaders, May 1995 21
  Folder
Environmental Petition and Green Agenda 22
  Folder
Fifth Annual Environmental Justice In-Gathering, 2004 23
  Folder
Pennsylvania Sierra Club Mining Committee, 2001-2005 24
  Folder
Conflict Resolution, 1997 25
  Folder
Coal Policy 26
  Folder
"Dump Watt" Drive, 1981 27
  Folder
Legal Fees - Richard Ehman 28
  Folder
Grant Information 29
  Folder
Alfred G. Etter 30
  Folder
Publications 31
  BoxFolder
Group Directories 141
  Folder
Tri-State By-Laws 2
  Folder
Tri-State, 1994-2002 3-4
  Folder
Tri-State Meetings and Activities 5-6
  Folder
Tri-State Meeting Notes 7
  Folder
Tri-State Planning Retreat 8
  Folder
Tri-State Underground Mining Workshop, Aug. 2005 9
  Folder
Tri-State Grant Information 10
  Folder
Tri-State Newsletters 11
  Folder
General Tri-State Correspondence 12
  Folder
Tri-State and Act 54 13
  Folder
Tri-State and the 84 Mining Company 14
  Folder
Tri-State and Water 15
  Folder
Tri-State and OSM 16
  Folder
Tri-State and SMCRA 17
  Folder
National Citizen's Coal Law Project 18
  Folder
Concerned About Water Loss Due to Mining (CAWLM) 19
  Folder
Mining and Reclamation Advisory Board (MRAB) of DEP 20
  Folder
Appalachian Regional Conservation Committee (ARCC), 2004 21
  Folder
Ten Mile Protection Network 22
  Folder
Citizens Organized Against Longwalling (COAL) 23
  Folder
Coalfield Justice Coalition 24
  Folder
Coal Justice Alliance 25
  Folder
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) 26
  Folder
Pennsylvania Environmental Defense Foundation 27
  Folder
Environmental Quality Board 28
  Folder
Citizen's Coal Council (CCC), 1994-2001 29-33
  Folder
Learning About Organizing - CCC Workshop 34
  Folder
Justice in the Coalfields of Appalachia - CCC Conference 35
  Folder
Coal Summit - Lexington KY, 1987 36
  Folder
Coal Summit, 2002 37
  Folder
Coal Summit Follow-up 38
  Folder
DER Policies and Roundtables, 2000 39
  Folder
DEP Mining and Reclamation Advisory Board - Meetings 40
  Folder
DEP Informational Roundtable 41
  Folder
High Extraction Mining Forum, 1997 42
  Folder
Vision Workshop, 2001 43
  Folder
Workshops/Conferences - Other 44
  Folder
Awards 45
  Folder
Mine Tour - Fayette and Somerset Counties 46
  Folder
Enlow Mining Tour Photos 47
  Folder
Mining Tours 48
  Folder
Correspondence and Other Activist Groups 49
  Folder
Other Groups 50
  Folder
Other Group Publications 51

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  V. Research 

Scope and Content Notes

Coleman collected clippings, articles, reports, and studies on a wide variety of topics relevant to mining and environmental protection in general. These files are organized alphabetically.

  BoxFolder
Abandoned Mine Land 151
  Folder
Abandoned Mine Pool Study 2
  Folder
Acid Mine Drainage 3
  Folder
Acid Rain 4
  Folder
Activism Advice 5
  Folder
Air Pollution 6
  Folder
Alternate Energy Technology 7
  Folder
Alternative Energy 8
  Folder
Articles for Coal Newsletter Edition 9
  Folder
Ash 10
  Folder
An Assessment of Managing Strategies to Reduce Waste Quantities 11
  Folder
Bark Camp Mine Reclamation 12
  Folder
Beneficial Use of Mining Sites and Waste 13
  Folder
Blasting 14
  Folder
Blasting Vibrations 15
  Folder
Blasting Workshop, Nov. 4, 1995 16
  Folder
Bonding 17
  Folder
British Regulations on Subsidence 18
  Folder
Bush Administration and Environmental Law 19
  Folder
Coal Combustion Waste 20
  Folder
Coal Power Resurgence 21
  Folder
Consol Energy Co. 22
  Folder
Corporate Research 23
  Folder
DEP 24
  Folder
DEP Studies 25
  Folder
DER 26
  Folder
DER, DEP, Department of the Interior 27
  Folder
Eco Terrorism 28
  Folder
Energy, 1974-1981 29
  Folder
Enlow Fork Fall 1998 Biomonitoring Report 30
  Folder
Environmental Justice 31
  Folder
EPA and Aging, "Senior Death Discount" 32
  Folder
Fact Sheets 33
  Folder
Global Warming 34-35
  Folder
Green Power Campaign 36
  Folder
Greene County Severance Tax 37
  Folder
Greenpeace 38
  Folder
"Growing Greener" Plan 39
  Folder
Hard Rock Mining 40
  Folder
Illinois Mining 41
  Folder
"King Coal" 42
  Folder
Legal 43
  Folder
Longwall Mining 44
  Folder
Longwall Mining Damage 45
  Folder
Longwall Mining Studies 46-47
  BoxFolder
Mercury 161
  Folder
Methane 2
  Folder
Mine Fires 3
  Folder
Mine Safety 4
  Folder
Minerals in Allegheny National Forest 5
  Folder
Mining Economics 6
  Folder
Mining - General 7
  Folder
Monongahela Basin Mine Pool Project, 2001 8
  Folder
Mountain Top Removal 9
  Folder
National Coal Policy Project 10
  Folder
Natural Resources Tax 11
  Folder
Network Demo, Jan. 19, 2001 12
  Folder
Nuclear Power Information 13
  Folder
Ohio Mining 14
  Folder
OSM 15
  Folder
OSM Study on CHIA's 16
  Folder
Other Issues 17
  Folder
Pennsylvania State Forests 18
  Folder
Power Plants 19
  Folder
Quecreek Mine Rescue 20
  Folder
Report of the Pennsylvania 21st Century Environment Commission and Responses 21
  Folder
Reports 22
  Folder
Robinson Township - Waste Coal Plant 23
  Folder
Siting Hazardous Waste Facilities, 1981 24
  Folder
SLAPP Suits 25
  Folder
Sludge 26
  Folder
Strip Mining 27
  Folder
Supplemental C and other Misc 28
  Folder
Taxation - Mining Assets, Coal Economics, 1996 29
  Folder
Technology 30
  Folder
Trash/Recycling 31
  Folder
Valley Fills 32
  Folder
Water 33
  Folder
Waste 34
  Folder
West Virginia Mining 35
  Folder
Western Issues 36
  Folder
Wetlands 37
  Folder
Wildlife and Parks 38
  BoxFolder
Agriculture 171
  Folder
Backstowing 2
  Folder
Brandon's Hunger Strike 3
  Folder
Campaign Finance Reform: House Bill #584 4
  Folder
Citizen Complaints, 1998-2002 5
  Folder
Clean Coal Technology and Renewable Energy 6
  Folder
Coal and the "Energy Crisis" 7
  Folder
Coal Bed Methane 8
  Folder
Coal Combustion Waste 9
  Folder
Coal Gasification 10
  Folder
Coal Industry 11
  Folder
Coal Refuse Disposal Facilities, Martin County Disaster, Kentucky 12
  Folder
DEP Mining Regulation 13
  Folder
DEP Standards for Resolving Violations 14
  Folder
DEP Tour of Greene County, Aug 21, 2001 15
  Folder
Diagrams and Maps: Longwall Statistics 16
  Folder
Dust 17
  Folder
Environmental Justice Work Group 18
  Folder
Fact Sheets 19
  Folder
Full Cost Bonding 20
  Folder
Global Warming 21
  Folder
Governor Rendell 22
  Folder
Grant Proposals, 2003 23
  Folder
Grant Proposal: Bonding Litigation, New Matler Form 24
  Folder
Greene County 25
  Folder
Greene County Power Plants 26
  Folder
Handouts, 2001 27
  Folder
Historic Preservation 28
  Folder
Hopey, Dan: Series on Greene County History and Grant Application 29
  Folder
Imminent Hazard 30
  Folder
Legislators and Other Contacts 31
  Folder
Longwall Mining Publicity 32
  Folder
LTV Steel 33
  Folder
of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Annual Oversight Report, 2000 34
  Folder
Mercury 35
  Folder
Methane Gas Drilling 36
  Folder
News Clippings: Act 54, 2001 37
  Folder
Pennsylvania Environmental Network (PEN) 38
  Folder
Penn Future 39
  Folder
Pennsylvania Mining Reform Coalition 40
  Folder
Plans for Legislative Tour 41
  Folder
Senate Bill 1191: Coal Waste and Methane, Green Power 42
  Folder
Septic Systems and Sewage 43
  Folder
Sierra Club Environmental Justice Project and Appalachian Focu 44
  Folder
Spreading the News on Longwall Mining: M. Plovic 45
  Folder
Tri-State, 2005 46
  Folder
Undermined Surface Owners 47
  Folder
Undermining: Interstates 70 and 79 48
  Folder
United Mine Workers 49
  Folder
Video 50
  Folder
Washington and Jefferson College Environmental Studies Program 51
  Folder
Water 52

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