Guide to the Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996 AIS.1996.13

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ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Environmental Action Foundation Records
Creator
Environmental Action Foundation.
Collection Number
AIS.1996.13
Date
1970-1996
Extent
115.0 linear feet (93 boxes)
Abstract
This collection documents the functions, activities, and research undertaken by the Environmental Action Foundation (EAF), a non-profit educational organization based in Tacoma Park, Maryland. The materials in this collection range from organization documentation to information files that represent issues of concern to the EAF. The main issues that the EAF advocated were energy efficiency, utility deregulation, solid waste management, and the reduction of toxic substances. The collection includes records of the foundation, research notes, newspaper clippings, articles, legal material, VHS tapes, and audio cassette tapes.

Preferred Citation

Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996, AIS.1996.13, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

Millions of Americans displayed concern about pollution and related environmental problems at the first Earth Day on April 22, 1970. The national staff coordinating the event realized that maintaining awareness required sustained support from both citizens and activists. To provide this support, the Earth Day staff formed two organizations: Environmental Action (EA) a non-profit political organization, and the Environmental Action Foundation (EAF), its educational tax-exempt affiliate. These two organizations operated together as a collective. In keeping with this concept, members of the Coordinating Council (CC), a governing body that linked the EAF to the EA, made all important decisions.

The EAF, an environmental research and education organization, served as a resource to support the advancement of global solutions through research, education, litigation, and collective action. These goals were achieved through funding by government agencies, foundation grants, and individual members. The members were garnered through direct-mailing advertisements and telemarketing. The EAF also maintained a number of affiliates that share its goals. One of the most influential of these was the Energy Conservation Coalition (ECC), a body composed of twenty national public interest organizations including environmental, consumer, senior citizen, scientific, and religious constituencies.

The four major program areas of energy efficiency, utility deregulation, solid waste management, and reduction of toxic substances were the main focus of the EAF's efforts. It also promoted solar energy as a safe and economical alternative to nuclear power. Working towards change in utility pricing structures, the EAF promoted energy efficiency and protecting persons on low and fixed incomes. Recycling, source reduction, control of hazardous waste, energy efficiency, and renewable energy sources were also strong areas of advocacy.

Working closely with the EA, as well as other environmental, social justice, consumer, public interest, business, and government groups the EAF sought to achieve their goals. It promoted its policies through the dissemination of educational materials and resource information to students, teachers, and concerned citizens. Its bimonthly magazine, Environmental Action, provided continued awareness to these groups. It promoted environmental education through additional publications, fact sheets, and films. EnAct/PAC, an EAF-affiliated political action committee, created one of the foundation’s most influential publications, the Dirty Dozen list, which spotlights the twelve members of Congress who have the worst environmental records. The EAF also maintained a Toxic Team teaching citizens about toxic hazards in their communities. The federal Right to Know Act (1986), which was passed as a part of the Superfund, was central to the Toxic Team’s effort.

Despite promoting environmental education and recruiting new members, the EAF did not solicit its members’ opinions on current and emerging issues. As a result, during the final years of the organization, membership declined annually at approximately thirty percent, while new members were not sufficiently embraced or retained. Combined with this, grants began to dry up and staff was forced to lay itself off. While there were once approximately twenty five activists staffing EA, by the dissolution of the organization there were only two or three. The board of directors convened in June of 1996 to dissolve both the EAF and its ties to EA. Since 1996, the EA was revived and continues to advocate environmental awareness.

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Scope and Content Notes

The Environmental Action Foundation (EAF) maintained records throughout most of its history, which spans from 1970 to 1996. This collection contains material that illustrates the issues advocated and subjects researched by the EAF. There is also material that documents the collaboration between the Environmental Action Foundation and Environmental Action. Types of items contained in the collection include records of the foundation, research notes, newspaper clippings, articles, legal material, VHS tapes, and audio cassette tapes.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged into 16 series and is only described at the box level; there is no individual folder-level inventory for the collection at this time. Please contact the Archives Service Center for more information. The series arrangement is as follows:

Series I. EAF Material

Series II. Publications

Series III. Foundations

Series IV. Environmental Acts

Series V. Energy Conservation

Series VI. Solid Waste

Series VII. Recycling

Series VIII. Composting

Series IX. Energy, Fuel, Natural Gas

Series X. Nuclear Waste

Series XI. Political and Legal Issues

Series XII. Plastics and Packaging

Series XIII. Toxic/ Hazardous Substances

Series XIV. Water and Air Pollution

Series XV. Green Marketing and Industry Files

Series XVI. Media Material

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, September 2008

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 The finding aid was revised by Wendy Pflug to include new materials added to the collection. December 2010

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Jim Overton, EAF Board Chairman on December 9, 1996.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Alesha Shumar and Jennifer Nicol in August 2008. Subsequently, 10 boxes were discovered in 2010, which were added to the collection by Wendy Pflug in November-December 2010. This is designated in the finding aid as "New Material Added" within each series.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records, 1976-2001, AIS.2004.14, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

Allegheny County Health Department's EPA/SIP Air Quality Program Records, 1968-1985, AIS.1997.30, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

Henry T. Bernstein on Environmental History Collection, 1965-1989, AIS.1994.12, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

Wyona S. Coleman Papers, 1971-2005, AIS.2000.21, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Energy Conservation Coalition (U.S.).
  • Environmental Action Foundation.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Tacoma Park (Md.)

Occupation(s)

  • Activists

Subject(s)

  • Earth Day
  • Environment
  • Environmental education
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental protection
  • Environmentalism
  • Environmentalists
  • Green movement

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Previous Citation

Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996, AIS.1996.13, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996, ais96:13, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. EAF Material 

  Box
EAF Mission Statements, Policies, and Meeting Minutes, 1975-1993 1
  Box
EAF Board of Directors Minutes and Profiles, 1985-1992 2
  Box
EAF Audit and Financial Material, 1979-1992 3
  Box
EAF Activities and Campaigns; Earth Day, 1985-1995 4
  Box
EAF Financial Information, Correspondence, and Funding, 1994-1996 5
  Box
EAF, Chlorofluorocarbons, Solid Waste Alternatives Program, and EarthShare Press Releases and Financial Reports, 1988- 1992 6
  Box
Proposals, Grants, and Projects, 1978-1986 7
  Box
Testimony and Anniversary and Birthday Parties, 1985-1994 8
  Box
Committees, Conferences, and Correspondence, 1974-1990 9
  Box
Correspondence: Illustrators and Advertisements, 1982-1994 10

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Coordinating Committee Materials, 1989-1993 83

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Series  II. Publications 

  Box
Magazines: Exposure,  The Power Line,  Wastelines, and  Environmental Action, 1970-1975 11
  Box
The Power Line Magazine, 1981-1993 12
  Box
Reprints, Mentions and Advertisements, 1979-1995 13
  Box
Earth Day Promotions, Environmental Action Printing and Mailing, 1990 14
  Box
Assorted materials used in various EAF publications 1984-1991 83

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Assorted material used in various EAF publications, 1984-1991 83
  Box
EAF Magazine materials, 1980-1996 84
  Box
Editor files: EAF Magazine, 1985-1994 85

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Series  III. Foundations 

  Box
Foundations and Requests for Proposals, 1973-1985 15
  Box
Foundation Information and Projects, 1984-1996 16
  Box
Foundations: M-Z, 1980-1996 17
  Box
Foundations, 1974-1996 18
  Box
Funds, Trusts, and Foundations, 1973-1996 19
  Box

Foundations: Funding Proposals, 1973-1994 

85
  Box
Foundations: Funding Proposals, 1974-1996 86

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Series  IV. Environmental Acts 

  Box
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Coalition of Northeastern Governors, Environmental Protection Agency, and Packaging, 1987-1993 20
  Box
Public Utility Holding Company Act Activities, 1989-1992 21

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Public Utility Holding Company Act Reform, 1989-1993 86

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Series  V. Energy Conservation 

  Box
Energy Conservation Coalition Activities and Earth Action Day, 1977-1995 22
  Box
Energy Conservation Coalition and Solid Waste, 1981-1995 23

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Energy Conservation Coalition Activities, 1982-1994 87
  Box
Energy Conservation Coalition Chronological Files, June 1982-November 1982 88

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Series  VI. Solid Waste 

  Box
Solid Waste and Plastics, 1979-1990 24
  Box
Solid Waste Organizations, A-F, 1987-1993 25
  Box
Solid Waste Organizations, G-W, 1980-1994 26
  Box
Solid Waste and Recycling Foundations, 1983-1992 27
  Box
Waste: Solid and Hazardous, 1984-1992 28
  Box
Solid Waste: States N-P, 1980-1993 29
  Box
Solid Waste Files, States R-W, 1993 30
  Box
Solid Waste Incineration, 1980-1989 31

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Series  VII. Recycling 

  Box
Recycling Resources, 1981-1993 32
  Box
Politics and Recycling, 1978-1990 33
  Box
Recycling, 1974-1992 34
  Box
Recycling, States A-M, 1980-1995 35
  Box
Recycling, Solid Waste, and Landfills, 1988-1991 36
  Box
Recycling: City Files, 1980-1995 37
  Box
Recycling Diapers, 1990 38
  Box
Recycling, 1981-1992 39
  Box
Source Reduction and Reuse/Recycling Studies and Programs, 1985-1993 40

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Source Reduction Education Materials, 1987-1993 88
  Box
Source Reduction, 1988-1993 89

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Series  VIII. Composting 

  Box
Composting Activities, 1987-1992 41
  Box
Composting, 1981-1995 42

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Series  IX. Energy, Fuel, Natural Gas 

  Box
Coal, 1976-1985 43
  Box
Energy, Natural Gas, and Fuel, 1973-1983 44
  Box
Energy Files and Policies, 1978-1992 45
  Box
Energy, Nuclear Power, and Nuclear Weapons, 1987-1990 46
  Box
Electrical Energy Projects, Proposals, and Grants, 1983-1990 47
  Box
Energy: Nuclear, Oil, Water, and Air, 1976-1994 48
  Box
Coal and The Power Line, 1976-1994 49
  Box
Perpont and Energy Articles, 1990 50
  Box
Nuclear Energy, Utilities and Taxation, 1989-1993 51
  Box
Legal Files on Energy, 1989-1992 52
  Box
Energy: Regulations and Incentive Rates, 1990-1994 53

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Series  X. Nuclear Waste 

  Box
Nuclear Waste, 1986-1990 54
  Box
Nuclear Waste, Hazardous Waste, and Water Conservation, 1980-1989 55

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Series  XI. Political and Legal Issues 

  Box
Health, Politics, and Pollution, 1981-1993 56
  Box
Press, Public Relations, and Politics, 1986-1992 57
  Box
Politics, PAC, Campaigns, and Dirty Dozen, 1974-1994 58
  Box
National Bottle Bill Coalition and Conference Material, 1978-1994 59
  Box
Utility Legal Cases, 1989-1992 60
  Box
Testimony on Environmental Issues, 1981-1985 61
  Box
Environmental Justice and Activism, 1987-1993 62
  Box
Dirty Dozen, Political Endorsements, and ENACT/PAC, 1978-1986 63

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Environmental Acts, 1988-1992 89
  Box
Environmental Grassroots and Working Group Activities, 1988-1992 90
  Box
Pacific Gas and Electric, 1984-1992 91

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Series  XII. Plastics and Packaging 

  Box
Transportation/ Packets on Power, 1987-1992 65
  Box
Trade and Consumer Issues, 1989-1995 64
  Box
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act and Plastics, 1977-1990 66
  Box
Degradable Plastics and Plastics, 1988-1995 67
  Box
Product Manufacturers and Packagers, Packaging, and Packaging Types, 1988-1993 68

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Packaging and Degradable Plastics, 1989-1991 91

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Series  XIII. Toxic/Hazardous Substances 

  Box
Toxic Substances, 1985-1993 69
  Box
Toxics Superfund, Transportation, Urban Environment, and Public Health, 1984-1996 70
  Box
Toxics and Right to Know, 1989-1993 71
  Box
Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets, 1985-1986 72

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Toxic Substances Control Act, 1991-1992 91
  Box
Superfund, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, 1990-1995 92

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Series  XIV. Water and Air Pollution 

  Box
Air Pollution and Saving the Valley, 1974-1984 73
  Box
Econotes, Workplace Environment, Wetlands and War, 1984-1994 74

New Material Added, 2010 

  Box
Water and Air Pollution Information and Issues, 1984-1995 93

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Series  XV. Green Marketing and Industry Files 

  Box
Labeling, Procurement, and Market Development, 1983-1996 75
  Box
Industry Files, 1980-1994 76
  Box
Green Marketing, 1990-1996 77
  Box
Energy Newsletters, 1988-1996 78

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Series  XVI. Media Material 

  Box
Photographs, 1980s 79
  Box
Photographs, 1980s 80
  Box
Photographs, 1980s 81
  Box
VHS and Cassette Tapes, 1986-1989 82

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