Guide to the Darlington Family Papers, 1753-1921 DAR.1925.01

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Darlington Family Papers
Creator
Darlington family
Collection Number
DAR.1925.01
Date [inclusive]
1753-1921
Extent
18.0 linear feet (28 boxes, 61 volumes)
Abstract
The Darlington family lived in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from the late eighteenth through the early nineteenth centuries. William M. Darlington and his wife, Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington, collected thousands of books and manuscripts documenting the frontier history of western Pennsylvania. The collection includes financial, personal and legal papers, and documentation of collecting activities and ephemera related to William M. Darlington and his family. Formats of materials include ledger books, research notes, manuscripts, personal diaries, photographic prints and negatives, letters, and artwork. Digital reproductions of this collection are available online.

Preferred Citation

Darlington Family Papers, 1753-1921, DAR.1925.01, Darlington Collection, Archives & Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

The Darlingtons of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania trace their roots in America to Abraham Darlington of Cheshire County, England, who joined his aunt and uncle in Chester County, Pennsylvania, at the turn of the eighteenth century. Abraham’s great-grandson, Benjamin Darlington (1790-1856), left Chester County and settled in Pittsburgh with his wife, Agnes McCullough. The Darlingtons of Pittsburgh are related to the Schenley and O’Hara families through the marriage of Benjamin and Agnes’s son, William McCullough Darlington (1815-1889), to Mary Carson O’Hara.

William M. Darlington was a successful lawyer and one of the foremost experts in the colonial history of western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley. Mary shared her husband’s passion for history, and was very proud of her family’s ancestry, which she traced back to Irish nobility through her grandfather, James O’Hara. Through her father, Mary inherited Guyasuta: James O’Hara’s estate near present-day Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania.

William and Mary raised three children at Guyasuta, O’Hara, Mary, and Edith. A fourth child, Hillborn, died in childhood. For more detailed biographies of each family member, see the scope and content note provided for each individual’s papers. William was the primary collector of his family’s extensive library of books and manuscripts. After William’s death in 1889, his widow and children maintained and added to his collection. In 1918 and 1925, William’s daughters Edith and Mary donated the family library and manuscript collection to the University of Pittsburgh. These materials include original letters by George Washington, Colonel Henry Bouquet, General Anthony Wayne, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, General Cornwallis, General James Wilkinson, Alexander Hamilton, Andrew Jackson and Daniel Webster. William M. Darlington also obtained and preserved John James Audubon’s complete set of Birds of America .

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Scope and Content Notes

This collection contains the nineteenth and early twentieth century personal, legal and financial papers of William M. Darlington and his family, including: his wife, Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington; his children, O'Hara Darlington, Mary Carson Darlington and Edith Dennison Darlington Ammon; his father, Benjamin Darlington; and his wife's grandparents, James and Mary Carson O'Hara. Documents include personal letters, business correspondence, financial and travel documents, art on paper, photographs, scrapbooks of news clippings and personal ephemera. The collection highlights William's book collecting, including correspondence with book dealers and individuals interested in his library, book catalogs and orders, receipts for purchases, notes and essays written by William, and topical inventories of the family library when it resided at Guyasuta.

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Arrangement

  • Series I. James O'Hara Papers, 1777-1880
  • Series II. Benjamin Darlington Papers, 1815-1852
  • Series III. William M. Darlington Papers, 1837-1889
  • Series IV. Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington Papers, 1753-1908
  • Series V. O'Hara Darlington Papers, 1874-1916
  • Series VI. Mary Carson Darlington Papers, 1833-1913
  • Series VII. Edith Dennison Darlington Ammon Papers, 1881-1882, 1908-1919
  • Series VIII. Family Papers, 1826-1914
  • Series IX. Bound News Clipping Books, 1898-1917
  • Series X. Scrapbooks, ca. 1850-1915
  • Series XI. Photographs, 1885-1888
  • Series XII. Mary Carson Darlington Artwork, 1867-1925
  • Series XIII. Oversize Materials, 1785-1899

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, September 2008

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

No copyright restrictions.

Custodial History

The Darlington Family Papers consist of three separate accessions. The first group of materials was donated to the University of Pittsburgh by Mary Carson Darlington and Edith Darlington Ammon in 1918. In 1925, Mary Carson Darlington bequeathed the remainder of the family library and a number of ephemeral items to the University. The third accession consisted of a collection of correspondence between Edith Darlington and Mittie Hemphill that was presented to the University of Pittsburgh in November of 1977 by Richard Johnson of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. The Darlington-Hemphill letters had been gifted to the New England Historic Genealogical Society earlier in 1977 by Mrs. Henry Mayo, a granddaughter of Mittie Hemphill.

This collection was located in the Darlington Memorial Library in the University’s Cathedral of Learning until 2007 when it was moved to the ULS Archives Service Center for processing, storage, preservation and service. However, it remains in the custodianship of the ULS Special Collections Department.

Acquisition Information

Part of the original donation of William M. Darlington’s family library to the University of Pittsburgh in 1918 and 1925 by his daughters, Edith Darlington Ammon and Mary Carson Darlington.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Kate Colligan, Allison Houser and Kristien Boyle in October 2006, and by Angela Manella in November 2007.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of this collection are available online. Digitized images of the Darlington Family photographs are available at http://historicpittsburgh.org/collection/darlington-family-papers.

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Related Materials

Separated Material

Large artwork, framed photographs, bound volumes and the majority of photographs are stored separately from manuscript materials. Throughout the finding aid, separated materials are indicated as “oversize” if they are stored separately due to size, and “volume” if they are bound items.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Allegheny Engine and Hose Company.
  • Allegheny Valley Railroad Company.
  • Bank of the United States (1816-1836). Pittsburgh Branch.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution.
  • Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  • Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • Pittsburgh Amateur Photographers' Society.
  • Pittsburgh Gas Works.
  • Pittsburgh Glass Works.
  • Sharpsburg Bridge Company.
  • Washington & Jefferson College (Washington, Pa.).

Family Name(s)

  • Darlington family
  • O'Hara family

Genre(s)

  • Clippings (Information artifacts)
  • Color prints (Prints)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Diplomas
  • Envelopes
  • Essays
  • Land surveys
  • Ledgers (Account books)
  • Manuscripts (Document genre)
  • Maps
  • Obituaries
  • Photographs
  • Receipts (Financial records)
  • Sketches
  • Souvenirs
  • Watercolors (Paintings)

Geographic Name(s)

  • Allegheny County (Pa.) -- History
  • Egypt -- Description and travel
  • Europe -- Description and travel
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) -- History
  • Ireland -- History
  • O'Hara (Pa. : Township) -- History
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- History
  • Pittsburgh Region (Pa.) -- History
  • Sharpsburg (Pa.) -- History
  • United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763

Occupation(s)

  • Entrepreneurs
  • Lawyers
  • Military personnel
  • Public officers

Personal Name(s)

  • Ammon, Edith Dennison Darlington, 1862-1919
  • Bouquet, Henry, 1719-1765
  • Brackenridge, H. M. (Henry Marie), 1786-1871
  • Darlington, Benjamin, 1790-1856
  • Darlington, Mary C. (Mary Carson), 1824-1915
  • Darlington, Mary Carson, 1852-1925
  • Darlington, O'Hara, 1849-1916
  • Darlington, William M. (William McCullough), 1815-1889
  • Hemphill, Mittie
  • McCullough, Jane, 1766-1821
  • O'Hara, James, 1752-1819
  • O'Hara, Mary Carson

Subject(s)

  • Book collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Business and Industry
  • Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Frontier and pioneer life -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Glass manufacture -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Personal papers
  • Photography -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Prints, American -- 19th century -- Collectors and collecting
  • Shipping -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Watercolor painting, American -- Pennsylvania-- Pittsburgh
  • Wills -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh.
  • Women

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Previous Citation

Darlington Family Papers, 1753-1921, DAR.1925.01, Darlington Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

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Bibliography

Davison, Elizabeth M. and Ellen B. McKee, eds. Annals of Old Wilkinsburg and Vicinity: The Village, 1788-1888, Wilkinsburg, Pa: Group for Historical Research, 1940.

Bomberger, C. M. Brush Creek Tales. Jeannette, Pa: Jeannette Publishing, 1950.

Boucher, John Newton. A Century and a Half of Pittsburg and Her People New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1908.

Chalfant, Ella. A Goodly Heritage : Earliest Wills on an American Frontier. Pittsburgh, Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1955.

Cope, Gilbert. The Genealogy of the Darlington Family. West Chester,Pa: Printed by the committee for the family, 1900.

Course of Study in Geographic, Biographic and Historic Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, Pa: The Board of Public Education, 1921.

Fleming, George. History of Pittsburgh and Environs, from Prehistoric Days to the Beginning of the American RevolutionNew York: The American Historical Society, Inc., 1922.

Pittsburgh Freemasons, Lodge no. 45. History of Lodge no. 45, 1785-1910. Pittsburgh, Pa.,: Press of Republic Bank Note Company, 1912.

Harper, Frank C. Pittsburgh of Today, Its Resources and People. New York: The American Historical Society, Inc., 1931-1932.

Herbert, Anne Hemphill. Personal Memories of the Darlington Family at Guyasuta. Pittsburgh, Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1949.

Kussart, Sarepta Cooper. The Allegheny River. Pittsburgh, Pa: Burgum Printing Company, 1938.

Starrett, Agnes Lynch. Through One Hundred and Fifty Years: The University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1937.

Wilson, Erasmus, and Weston Arthur Goodspeed Standard History of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.. Chicago: H.R. Cornell & Co., 1898.

Shine, Bernice. "Oakland: Mary Croghan Schenley: Schenley Park Donated by a Girl Whose Romance Shocked a Queen." Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, 15 September 1941.

Schock, Hiram. The History of the Masonic Fund Society for the County of Allegheny. Pittsburgh, Pa: 1923.

Rubin, Julius. Canal or Railroad? Imitation and Innovation in the Response to the Erie Canal in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Boston.Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1961.

Patch, Margery Hulburt. "The Darlington Family Collection." The Pittsburgh Record v1.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. James O’Hara Papers, 1777-1880 

Scope and Content Notes

James O’Hara (1753-1819) left his home in County Mayo, Ireland, in 1773 to settle in Philadelphia. In 1774, he was appointed a government Indian agent, and traveled to western Pennsylvania where he traded with Indians at Fort Pitt on behalf of an eastern company, and purchased extensive lands from the federal government. In 1788, James became the second president of the Bank of Pennsylvania, and two years later he wed Mary Carson (1760-1834) of Philadelphia, and brought her to Pittsburgh. George Washington appointed him Quartermaster General of the United States Army in 1792. During his military career, James served in western Pennsylvania to quell the Whiskey Rebellion and in General Anthony Wayne’s expedition against the Western Confederation. Anne Hemphill Herbert notes that James is credited with "saving the army with his efficient business methods and remarkable understanding of the Indian character and their various dialects."

In 1793, James purchased land at the forks of the Ohio from the United States government, and four years later he and his partner, Major Isaac Craig, built the first glass works in America on the southern banks of the Monongahela River. James became Pittsburgh’s first burgess and was a founder of the First Presbyterian Church. Materials in this series provide information on early frontier life in Pennsylvania through various personal and professional letters as well as official government reports. Also included are copies of James and Mary O’Hara’s wills, which are critical in understanding the inheritance of significant property holdings that are now important to Pittsburgh’s history, including Schenley Park and the Fort Pitt Block House. Accompanying these materials is H.M. Brackenridge’s critique of James O’Hara’s will. An obituary of James O’Hara and newspaper articles describe his role in the early development of Pittsburgh and his dealings with the Indian tribes. James O’Hara’s papers have been divided into subseries that separate personal and business papers from materials describing his legacy and estate.

Subseries  1. Personal and Business Papers 

Scope and Contents note

Various personal letters written by General James O'Hara to his wife and contemporaries describe conditions at Fort Pitt and along the Miami River in the 1790s, including a comment that surrounding Indian tribes were "intent on annoying our Frontiers." A number of items relate to James O'Hara's land, including a 1785 land office record that documents property he owned near Campbell's Run, and a lease agreement for land in Robinson Township. A letter, court decision, and article of ejectment relate to a land dispute between the estates of Arthur St. Clair and James O'Hara. Transcriptions of James' diary include his opinions on immigration, and mention the glassworks that he built.

  BoxFolder
James O'Hara to Devereaux Smith, April 8, 1777 11
Online
  Folder
James O'Hara to Mary Carson O'Hara, October 3, 1794 2
Online
  Folder
Diary (typed transcript), 1795-1804 3
Online
  Folder
Official Land Office record, October 17, 1785 4
Online
  Folder
Report on transportation, southwest branch of the Miami River, October 23, 1793 5
Online
  Folder
Receipt of Business Exchange, August 26, 1799 6
Online
  Folder
Lease agreement between James O'Hara and J. Benny, March 1805 7
Online
  Folder
Letter written by James O'Hara to Arthur St Clair, July 27, 1809 8
Online
  Folder
Judgment for James O'Hara, December 29, 1809 9
Online
  Folder
Survey of Land Ownership, September 20, 1830 10
Online
  Folder
Article on Ejectment from court, February 1846 11
Online
  Folder
Law suit, January, 1880 12
Online

Subseries  2. Genealogy, Estate and Legacy 

Scope and Contents note

Included are the wills of both James and Mary O'Hara, along with an essay written by Henry Marie Brackenridge critiquing the will of James O'Hara. Materials related to his estate include an article describing Mary E. Schenley's law suit against James O'Hara's executors and an 1881 newspaper clipping entitled "Sheriff"s Sales". James O'Hara's obituary and a number of brief, typed excerpts from the Pittsburgh Gazette,  Pittsburgh Mercury, and the Pennsylvania Archives describe General James O'Hara and some of his accomplishments in the military. In an additional published item, John Heckewelder discusses General O'Hara's influence on the interaction between Indians and settlers. The collection also contains a typed O'Hara family genealogy, a family biography, and two portraits of James O'Hara.

  Folder
"Sheriff's Sales" clipping, March 7, 1881 13
Online
  Folder
Typed excerpts from newspapers, 1786-1842 14
Online
  Folder
James O'Hara's Will, September 15, 1819 15
Online
  Folder
Obituary of James O'Hara, December 21, 1819 16
Online
  Folder
Extract of Mary Carson O'Hara's Will, October 10, 1825 17
Online
  Folder
Mary Carson O'Hara's Will, November 15, 1832 18
Online
  Folder
Essay by Henry Marie Brackenridge, August 15, 1846 19
Online
  Folder
Printed anecdote, "Indian Fidelity", mentioning James O'Hara, undated 20
Online
  Folder
List of O'Hara Family members, undated 21
Online
  Folder
O'Hara family Biography and Portrait of James O'Hara, undated 22
Online

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Series  II. Benjamin Darlington Papers, 1815-1852 

Scope and Content Notes

Benjamin Darlington (1790-1856), one of Pittsburgh’s elite businessmen and benefactors of the 1800’s, was the husband of Agnes McCullough and father of William M. Darlington. Benjamin Darlington owned a thriving store and hotel, and eventually his wealth, prestige and family connections presented him with the opportunity to assist in leading the Allegheny Valley Railroad Company. Benjamin Darlington was the fourth generation of Darlingtons in the United States. Benjamin Darlington began as a carpenter’s apprentice. After working in a store on Market Street, he gained enough capital to buy a hardware store with his brother, Samuel Darlington, and later owned one of Pittsburgh’s only hotels. In 1833, he was elected president of the Allegheny Engine and Hose Company, and by 1837 he was one of the first officers on the Board of Trustees for Pittsburgh’s Gas Works. Benjamin Darlington served as commissioner for the Allegheny Valley Railroad Company and contributed a major donation for the building of the Pittsburgh Theater.

The series concerning Benjamin Darlington includes documents explaining his endeavors as a successful entrepreneur while Pittsburgh was growing into a major city. The receipt books contain handwritten records of various transactions made by Benjamin Darlington, explaining his relevance to the real estate business in Pittsburgh. Listed are property holdings and rent collections including one by Alexander Brackenridge, who was at the time president of the United States Bank in Pittsburgh. Accompanying this are other transactions made by Benjamin Darlington as the executor to the estate of Jane McCullough (1766-1821), his mother-in-law. In addition to the receipt books, there are various letters to and from Benjamin Darlington, including correspondence from his brother, Samuel Darlington. A number of names appear within the two receipt books, aside from those mentioned above; a brief list follows: John Wright, James Appleton, Thomas Dickson, Jane McCullough, Anderson Evans, Jacob Negley, Irvin Boyle, Isabella Miller, Mary McCullough, Sarah Simpson, Will Porter, William Whitton, John Stewart, James Wilson, James Caoper, Jane Smith, Margaret White, and others. For more documents related to this series, see Box 25, with oversize materials.

  Folder
Samuel Darlington to Benjamin Darlington, May 23, 1815 23
Online
  Folder
Henry Baldwin to Benjamin Darlington, May 20, 1820 24
Online
  Folder
Jane McCullough's Will, November 25, 1820 25
Online
  Folder
Agreement between Benjamin and Samuel Darlington, undated 26
Online
  Folder
Land Survey, October 19, 1830 27
Online
  Folder
Financial Papers of Benjamin Darlington, 1833-1837 28
Online
  Folder
Receipt, December 5, 1837 29
Online
  Folder
Acknowledgement of repayment, June 1843 30
Online
  Volume
Receipt Book, 1821-1852 1
Online
  Volume
Receipt Book, 1833-1842 2
Online

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Series  III. William M. Darlington Papers, 1837-1889 

Scope and Content Notes

William M. Darlington (1815-1889), was born to Benjamin Darlington and Agnes McCullough in Pittsburgh. William was educated in private schools as a child and young adult, and then went on to study at Jefferson College, now known as Washington & Jefferson College, in Pennsylvania. He began his law career under the tutelage of Richard Biddle.

William was a devout Presbyterian, a well-respected attorney, member of the Pennsylvania Bar Association for fifty years, and Vice President of the Pennsylvania Historical Society. During the last eight years of his life, he was also a trustee of his alma mater, Jefferson College, and the Western University of Pennsylvania, now the University of Pittsburgh. William amassed an extensive collection of books, manuscripts and maps related to western Pennsylvania’s colonial and revolutionary history. This library was supplemented by his wife and three eldest children.

This series is organized into three topical subseries. Subseries 1 contains materials related to William’s collecting activities, including documentation of book purchases, correspondence with booksellers and fellow collectors, historical research notes, receipts, and membership certificates to historical societies. Subseries 2 contains William’s personal papers, including correspondence and diaries. Subseries 3 encompasses financial and estate papers.

Subseries  1. Collection Activities and Research 

Scope and Contents note

Materials in this subseries document William's collecting and lending activities, the library at Guyasuta, and his personal research and writing. William collected books and manuscripts from vendors such as the Hakluyt Society, as well as individual booksellers. Correspondence with Richard S. Edes, James Veech and Joseph Albree are examples of William's contacts in the field of rare books. Also, seventeen receipts document the purchase of books from the law offices of Baldwin & Ford, J. Munsel, and Burns & Son, among others. A bound volume of book orders, demonstrates William's meticulous documentation of the books he ordered between November 30, 1847 and January 14, 1867, including the Audubon volumes. William's correspondence with A. Eaton, John Newton, J.M. Read, J. R. Lambdin, and W.C. Reichel all highlight his role as a consultant for other researchers, to whom he sometimes lent or sold books.

The great strength of this subseries is the documentation of volumes in the library at Guyasuta. The Classification of Books consists of three successive versions of a list of books in the library at Guyasuta. Mary used these three volumes to alphabetically catalog the books in the Darlington family library according to topic, including history, travels, horticulture and natural history, and poetry, drama and tales; sections also list magazines, newspapers, and maps. In addition to these larger volumes, this subseries includes a partial catalog and a partial inventory of books at Guyasuta; these smaller lists most likely repeat titles already listed in the Classification of Books. Additionally, design diagrams for library bookcases shed light on the original physical arrangement of the Guyasuta library.

William was deeply interested in historical research, as was his professional mentor, Richard Biddle, and this subseries contains bound volumes of William's notes and writings about various topics. His Commonplace Book and Research Notes discuss a variety of topics, including: the Ohio Company; Forts Pitt, Duquesne, Shippen and Kittanning; Guyasuta; the Allegheny River and the city of Pittsburgh; Old Westmoreland and Indiana Counties; the Montour family; the Shawnee (Shananese) and Seneca Indians; George Croghan and Henry Alexander; and shipbuilding and theater. The Historical Biographical Notes include William's thoughts on such diverse topics as the Californian coal mountains, British nobility, the Darlington family crest, American Indian rituals, and the papers of British officer Henry Bouquet (1719-1765). This subseries contains transcriptions of the Bouquet Papers, which William commissioned from the British Museum. The transcribed letters document communication between Colonel Bouquet and other British officers during the French and Indian War from locations throughout Pennsylvania, his military campaign to drive the French out of Fort Duquesne, and the battle with Indians at Bushy Run. William was profoundly interested in the Ohio Company, and collected many papers relating to this eighteenth century land-development and trading consortium, including copies of the journals of Christopher Gist, who was hired by the company to negotiate terms with the Indians. William published  Christopher Gist's Journals posthumously in 1893, possibly using transcriptions in this subseries. The drafts of his publication are located in the collection number dar192514.

William's Western Pennsylvania Historical Notes concerns legal events in Allegheny County, and include brief biographical notes on newly appointed judges. William also recorded information on proceedings and treaties brokered with the American Indians by early frontiersmen. Another section of this volume includes financial records concerning rent paid for several properties leased by the Darlington family. There are many loose pages within the journal and several pages are written entirely in French. For more information on this collection, please refer to Box 25, with oversized materials

  Folder
William M. Darlington to A. Eaton, January, 1838 31
Online
  Folder
Historical Society of Pennsylvania to William M. Darlington, July 1, 1855 32
Online
  Folder
Certificate from State Historical Society of Wisconsin, September 12, 1872 33
Online
  Folder
J. M. Read, Jr., to William M. Darlington, September 5, 1866 34
Online
  Folder
Charles Whittlesey to William M. Darlington, 1870-1872 35
Online
  Folder
Statement by John Pennington, April 25, 1866 36
Online
  Folder
Envelopes to William M. Darlington, ca. 1870-1885 37
Online
  Folder
Isaac Samuel to William M. Darlington, February 8, 1871 38
Online
  Folder
Letter to William M. Darlington from J. R. Lambdin, March 10, 1871 39
Online
  Folder
W.C. Reichel to William M. Darlington, July 8, 1871 40
Online
  Folder
William White to William M. Darlington, 1872 41
Online
  Folder
Richard S. Edes to William M. Darlington, March 12, 1873 42
Online
  Folder
Joseph Albree to William M. Darlington, March 31 1875 43
Online
  Folder
J. C. Hale to William M. Darlington, March 6, 1876 44
Online
  Folder
Letter to William M. Darlington from John M. Newton, November 26, 1876 45
Online
  Folder
James Veech to William M. Darlington, 1877 46
Online
  Folder
Letter from William M. Darlington to W. B. Hoff, May 1, 1884 47
Online
  Folder
J. L. Keyes to William M. Darlington, February 8, 1877 48
Online
  Folder
Boyd Grumrine to William M. Darlington, May 30, 1881 49
Online
  Folder
Sir to William M. Darlington, May 3, 1883 50
Online
  Folder
Gilbert Cope to William M. Darlington, June 4, 1884 51
Online
  Folder
American History Magazine subscriptions and letter from Joseph Sabin, June 3, 1881 52
Online
  Folder
Robert Clarke to William M. Darlington, December 2, 1884 53
Online
  Folder
Receipts for Books purchased by William M. Darlington, August 21- December 11, 1885. 54
Online
  Folder
George P. Smith to William M. Darlington, April 15, 1886 55
Online
  Folder
George P. Smith to William M. Darlington, March 12, 1868 56
Online
  Folder
List of Hakluyt Society Publications, undated 57
Online
  Folder
Topographical Description, undated 58
Online
  BoxFolder
List of Books in William M. Darlington's Library at Guyasuta, undated 21
Online
  Folder
Catalog, undated 2
Online
  Folder
Inventory, Hall Bookcase, undated 3
Online
  Folder
History Notes, undated 4-5
Online
  Folder
Bouquet Papers Transcriptions, 1758-1763 6-13
Online
  Folder
18C primary source transcriptions, undated 14-21
Online
  Folder
Transcripts of Ettwein's diary, undated 22
Online
  Folder
Research notes, undated 23-36
Online
  Folder
Darlington Research Notes, undated 37
Online
  BoxFolder
Research notes, undated 31-10
Online
  Folder
Manuscript drafts, undated 11-22
Online
  Folder
Printed ephemera, undated 23
Online
  Volume
Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated 3
Online
  Volume
Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated 4
Online
  Volume
Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated 5
Online
  Volume
Historical biographical notes, undated 6
Online
  Volume
Book Orders, November 30, 1847- January 4, 1867 7
Online
  Volume
Research Notes, undated 8
Online
  Volume
Financial Records, 1858-1859 9
Online
  Volume
Memoranda, ca. 1870s-1880s 49
  Volume
The Improved Commonplace Book, ca. 1870s-1880s 50

Subseries  2. Personal Papers 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains personal letters from George P. Smith and Sergeant Winthropy, and a copy of a letter William wrote from Westchester, Pennsylvania, to an unknown correspondent who had requested information on cuttings and seedlings from Guyasuta. In 1862, William wrote to his brother, John, expressing happiness that John joined an Indiana regiment instead of a Pennsylvania regiment, as Indiana regiments were less likely to be sent to war. Also present are William's membership certificates from the Academy of Natural Sciences and the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, as well as a portrait of him at the time. For more information on this topic, please refer to Box 25, which contains oversized materials. The Record-Book included in this subseries appears to contain handwritten copies of Darlington's outgoing correspondence from 1838; it also includes accounts he documented from 1840 to 1844.

  Folder
Sergeant Winthropy to William M. Darlington, August 24, 1855 24
Online
  Folder
William M. Darlington to Sir, October 22, 1855 25
Online
  Folder
William M. Darlington to John Darlington, February 7, 1862 26
Online
  Folder
James Brown to William M. Darlington, July 29, 1885 27
Online
  Folder
George P. Smith to William M. Darlington, November 20, 1888 28
Online
  Folder
Norma Derry to William M. Darlington, undated 29
Online
  Folder
Unknown to William McCullough Darlington, undated 30
Online
  Folder
George White to William M. Darlington, September 9, 1870 31
Online
  Volume
William M. Darlington Record-Book, 1838, 1840-1841, 1844 52

Subseries  3. Financial and Estate Papers 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains documents relating to William M. Darlington's properties, investments, taxes and profession. Property records include a title to land in Allegheny County, an auction catalog of household goods inscribed to William, and a small notebook dated 1879 that lists bonds and mortgage payments. Additionally, two bound volumes, an account book and a book of financial records, document rent and mortgage payments, including payments from such institutions as the trustees of Jefferson College, and Snyder & Company. William owned stock in the Pittsburgh Manufacturing Company, the Sharpsburg Bridge Company, the Mercantile Library Hall Company, and paid taxes in Allegheny County and O'Hara Township. Also present are documents certifying William to practice law in Allegheny County and the state of Alabama.

  Folder
Land surveys and abstract of title, 1803-1879 32
Online
  Folder
Stock shares, January 13, 1812 33
Online
  Folder
State of Alabama to William M. Darlington, January 5, 1838 34
Online
  Folder
Check written to cash, William M. Darlington, June, 1860 35
Online
  Folder
Receipt for money paid by William M. Darlington to stockholders of Sharpsburg Bridge Co., September 25, 1865 36
Online
  Folder
Auction Catalog, February 13, 1871 37
Online
  Folder
Financial Notes, 1879 38
Online
  Folder
Agreement, 1881 39
Online
  Folder
Taxes, 1881, 1916 40
Online
  Folder
Mercantile Library Hall Company Certificate for William Darlington, March 12, 1869 41
Online

Subseries  4. Diaries 

Scope and Contents note

William M. Darlington used these twenty-nine diaries to make brief notes about court dates, meetings, payments he received, the purchase of stocks, and other personal and professional transactions. The diaries occasionally mention William's health and personal habits. Many of the entries involve mortgage payments he received for various properties in and around Pittsburgh. Throughout the diaries, he describes the weather at Guyasuta, and occasionally notes the height of the Allegheny River. He also briefly mentions if he had received or sent any letters. In addition, William M. Darlington writes about legal cases in which he was engaged. Social events are occasionally mentioned, including parties at the homes of Mr. Lewis Hutchinson and Mr. McKnight in 1847 and 1848. Entries in 1873/4 and 1881/2 describe the Darlington family's travels in Europe. Three undated diaries contain historical research notes, including a list of officers that served at Fort Pitt, and information on various maps and books in the Guyasuta library. Corporate and personal names mentioned in the diaries include: Allegheny Company, Penn Railroad Company, Pleasant Valley Railroad Company, Monongahela Bridge Company, John B. Herron, J. H. Fibson, John Lundy, H. Fellman, Leo Schmidt, Reverend E. McKnight, E. P. Jones, and Dr. Harrison L. Robson.

  BoxFolder
Diaries, 1844, 1846-1847 41
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1847-1848, 1850 2
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1863-1864, 1869 3
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1870-1872 4
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1873-1874 5
Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1875-1876, 1879 6
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1880-1882 7
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1883-1885 8
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, 1886-1887, 1889 9
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Diaries, undated 10
Diary Diary Diary

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Series  IV. Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington Papers, 1753-1908 

Scope and Content Notes

Mary Carson O’Hara (1824-1915) enjoyed wealth and prominence inherited from her grandfather, James O’Hara, and from her Philadelphian grandmother, Mary Carson. Mary traced her O’Hara ancestry back to Tiege O’Hara, the last Lord of Leyney, Ireland. She studied at Edgeworth Seminary in Braddock’s Field, now Braddock, Pennsylvania, and later in Staten Island at the renowned Mrs. McLeod’s School. By the time she married William M. Darlington, she was a highly educated woman, well read not only in English, but Italian, German, French and Spanish. Mary and William had four children, three of whom survived into adulthood. The family resided at Guyasuta, an estate near contemporary Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania, that Mary had inherited from her father, Richard O’Hara. James O’Hara purchased the property from the United States government and named it after the famous Seneca leader, Guyasuta (c.1725–c.1794), from whom the Continental Army had purchased the land.

Mary was passionate about regional history, and wrote Fort Pitt and Letters From the Frontier, and  The History of Henry Bouquet and the Western Frontiers, 1747-1746, among other works. She also compiled a list of officers of the British and Revolutionary armies buried at the First Presbyterian and Trinity Churches in Pittsburgh. After the death of her husband in 1889, Mary continued expanding the collection of books and manuscripts about western Pennsylvania history. Materials in this series relate to Mary's research and writing, personal correspondence and legal and financial papers that document her vast real estate holdings. Mary compiled and collected historical documents, including Indian treaties; she also maintained records of materials loaned from the family library. Her writings, both epic and non-fiction, represented here, include a brief history of carpets, and her English language adaptation of the German  Story of Nibelungen. Two copies of her lengthy manuscript  The Exiles of Erin on Ireland and its noble families, are accompanied by an index listing section titles and corresponding page numbers, and a list of secondary sources that Mary used to write the work. A twenty-nine page manuscript written by Mary documents the history of the O'Hara family.

This series also contains two letters from acquaintances, William Roseburg, an investment banker from Pittsburgh, and William R. Mercer of Doylestown, Pennsylvania. A photographic print produced by Mr. Jarrett shows silhouettes of Mary as a small child with her elderly grandmother, Mary Carson O’Hara. Also present is a list of the many mortgages paid to Mary, and a list of bonds she held from companies such as the Aspinwall Delafield Company, the Pittsburgh Railway Company, the McKeesport Railway Company, the Connersville Railway Company, the Youngstown Railway Company, and the West Penn Railway Company.

  BoxFolder
Treaty between the Governor of Virginia and the United Nations of Tudiaus, 1753 51
Online
  Folder
School tax receipt, 1839-1851 2
Online
  Folder
List of maps loaned to H. M. Bradford, July, 1900 3
Online
  Folder
William Roseburg to Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington, July 16, 1904 4
Online
  Folder
William R. Mercer to Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington, October 10, 1908 5
Online
  Folder
Mortgages and Principles, February 24, 1903 - September 26, 1912 6
Online
  Folder
Notes on the History of Carpets, undated 7
Online
  Folder
Story of Nibelungen, undated 8
Online
  Folder
Notes on O'Hara Family History, undated 9
Online
  Folder
Silhouettes of Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington and Mary Carson O'Hara, undated 10
Online
  Folder
Exiles of Erin, copy 1, undated 11-23
Online
  Folder
Exiles of Erin index, undated 24
Online
  Volume
Fort Pitt and Letters from the Frontier, undated 10
Online
  BoxFolder
Exiles of Erin, copy 2, undated 61-18
Online

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Series  V. O'Hara Darlington Papers, 1874-1916 

Scope and Content Notes

O’Hara Darlington (1849-1916), was the oldest child of William M. Darlington and Mary Carson O’Hara Darlington. O’Hara was an accomplished scholar in history, botany, and literature. He attended the Western University of Pennsylvania, and enrolled at Yale University with the class of 1870, where he joined the Delta Kappa Fraternity. Due to ill health, O’Hara left Yale at the end of his first year, but returned in 1871 and obtained his degree with honors. O’Hara shared his family’s devotion to expanding their private library. Following his graduation from Yale, he traveled throughout Europe collecting historical artifacts and literature. O’Hara fell ill in Europe, but regained his strength. After his travels, he resided at Guyasuta. O’Hara bought and sold land in the Pittsburgh area, and ventured into the steam boat industry, investing in the transport of freight and passengers along the Allegheny, Monongahela and Ohio rivers. On August 22, 1916, O’Hara died suddenly at Guyasuta from heat prostration at the age of sixty-seven following a serious illness.

O’Hara shared a passion for photography with his sister, Edith, both of whom belonged to the Pittsburgh Amateur Photographers’ Society. O’Hara collected late nineteenth century British and American literature, principally fiction. Amid his collection of approximately 1,000 books are first editions of novels by Dickens and Thackeray, an early edition of Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe, as well as a bibliography of George and Robert Cruickshank’s sketches.

O’Hara’s papers relate to his book collecting and historical research, including receipts from two book companies and his membership in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. His personal record-keeping is highlighted by twelve diaries, with entries concerning the weather, and the time when various flowers and trees blossom. O’Hara periodically describes the affect of droughts and heavy snowfall on his land, as well as the height of Pittsburgh’s three rivers. He also includes brief notes about business meetings, court cases and property issues that concern him. The diaries also describe travel including trips to Atlantic City, New Jersey; Florida; and Chicago during the 1893 World’s Columbian Exhibition.

Many of the diaries contain notes of interest accrued on investments, rent and mortgage money paid or earned for the year. Additional materials relate to O’Hara’s finances, include property tax receipts, notes on a legal case involving property he wished to procure, and documentation of various stocks and bonds he held. The series also contains his diploma from Yale and his obituary and funeral bill. For more information, please refer to Box 25, which contains oversized materials.

  BoxFolder
Document summarizing court proceedings, April 17, 1874 71
Online
  Folder
Letters from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, October 18, 1890 2
Online
  Folder
Receipts and Letters, November 30, 1891-April 2, 1894 3
Online
  Folder
Taxes, O'Hara Township, 1915 4
Online
  Folder
Taxes, O'Hara Township and Aspinwall Borough, 1916 5
Online
  Folder
Obituary, August 25, 1916 6
Online
  Folder
Funeral Bill, September 9, 1916 7
Online
  Folder
Yale University crest, 1871 8
Online
  Folder
List of Stocks owned by O'Hara Darlington, undated 9
Online
  Folder
Personal Diaries, 1890-1892 10
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Personal Diaries, 1893-1895 11
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Personal Diaries, 1896-1898 12
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Personal Diaries, 1899, 1906, 1909 13
Diary Diary Diary
  Folder
Ground Lease, undated 14
Online
  Volume
Yale Memorabilia Scrapbook, 1868-1871 53

Contains various event programs, exam questions, and tuition statements.

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Series  VI. Mary Carson Darlington Papers, 1867-1916 

Scope and Content Notes

Mary Carson Darlington (1852-1925), the eldest daughter of William M. Darlington and Mary Carson O’Hara Darlington, attended the Pittsburgh School of Design and was an influential member of the Pittsburgh chapter of the Daughters of American Revolution. Mary Carson Darlington never married and continued to live at her parent’s mansion ‘Guyasuta’ until the later years of her life. When Mary Carson Darlington and her sister, Edith Darlington Ammon, sold the property, they bought a large house in the East End of Pittsburgh. After Edith Darlington Ammon died in 1919, Mary Carson Darlington continued to live alone in their East End home until her death six years later in 1925.

Within Mary Carson Darlington’s papers is tax information on her mother's estate and properties that she had inherited with her sister and older brother upon the death of their parents. Mary Carson Darlington also saved a particular book plate of George Washington given to her by her father, as she too was interested in historical preservation. Also included in this collection are pieces of Artwork created by Mary Carson Darlington, which can be found in series XII.

  Folder
Taxes, 1915 and 1916 15
Online
  Folder
George Washington Bookplate, undated 16
Online
  Folder
Watercolors and Sketches by Mary Carson Darlington, undated 17-20
Online
  Folder
Photograph of Mary Carson Darlington and friend, undated 21
Online

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Series  VII. Edith Dennison Darlington Ammon Papers, 1881-1882, 1908-1919 

Scope and Content Notes

Edith "Darling" Dennison Darlington Ammon (1862-1919) was an important figure among Pittsburgh's social elite during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. She was a well-traveled amateur photographer who played an active role in organizing and leading political and social events.

Edith grew up at Guyasuta and later studied at the Pittsburgh Female College, now known as Chatham University. After a formative trip to Europe with her family, she married Samuel Ammon in 1890, whose proposal she had previously rejected or deferred ten years earlier. Edith and Samuel had no children.

Edith served for several years as the president of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) of Allegheny County, and by 1908 she was leading the third largest DAR chapter in the United States. As president, Edith commanded the battle to preserve the Block House, one of the first structures of Fort Pitt built during the French and Indian War in 1764, from destruction by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. The DAR also led a campaign against Henry Frick when he planned to relocate the Block House to present day Schenley Park. The Block House remains the oldest building in western Pennsylvania. In addition to her work with the DAR, Edith served alongside H. J. Heinz as co-vice president of the 1908 general committee for Pittsburgh's sesquicentennial events.

This series contains the many letters Edith wrote to her childhood friend and Pittsburgh Female College classmate, Mittie Hemphill, while Edith traveled with her family in Europe from 1881 to 1882. As a woman in her early twenties, Edith writes from each destination, describing the hotels where she and her family stayed, fellow guests, transit, and her experiences passing through customs. Her letters detail sightseeing, particularly art galleries and churches, and her father's research endeavors at the British Museum. Of particular note are Edith's descriptions of archaeological sites in Italy and Egypt, the Salon de Paris, and her distaste for the famous Whistler paintings on display in London. Edith collected or created souvenirs, photographs and artwork during her travels, including a framed photograph of herself at the Temple of Iris in Pompeii, Italy. Mittie's letters describe events in Pittsburgh, including the health of Edith's dogs at Guyasuta and activities of mutual acquaintances in Pittsburgh, among them Minnie Renshaw, Kate McKnight, and Edith's aunt, Helen Evans. In one letter, Mittie mentions Edith's indignation that Samuel Ammon had not waited the appropriate two month grieving period before having a party; the name of the deceased is not mentioned.

Materials related to Edith's involvement in the DAR include an article she wrote for the Pittsburgh Bulletin, and a letter from Thomas P. Roberts regarding the renovations to Fort Pitt co-sponsored by the Fort Pitt Society and the DAR. The collection also includes a letter from Sydney Liggett in response to Edith's request for information about the Sharp family, and a letter from Edith's husband, Samuel A. Ammon, to Mrs. Mary Echler regarding the possession of the Whitaker graveyards. Records of Edith's stocks and bonds, and two copies of a bound volume listing the properties she inherited from her mother's estate are also present.

  BoxFolder
Darlington-Hemphill correspondence envelopes, 1881-82 81
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, September 25, 1881 2
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, October 9, 1881 3
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, October 18-19, 1881 4
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, October 23, 1881 5
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, October 24, 1881 6
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Paris, November 7, 1881 7
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Paris, November 25, 26, 28, 1881 8
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Aix les Bains, November 30, 1881-December 2, 1881 9
Online
  Folder
Edith Dennison Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Turin, December 4, 1881 10
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Milan and Genoa, December 5, 7-8, 1881 11
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Florence, December 10-11, 1881 12
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Florence, December 14-15, 19, 1881 13
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Rome, December 24-25, 1881 14
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Rome, December 29-31, 1881 and January 1, 1882 15
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Naples, January 7-8, 1882 16
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Naples, January 12, 1882 17
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Sorrento, January 17-18, 20, 1882 18
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Ship to Alexandria, January 22-25, 1882 19
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Alexandria, January 26, 1882 20
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Alexandria, January 26, 28-30, 1882 21
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, On the Nile, January 31, 1882 22
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Cairo, March 2 and 5, 1882 23
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Paris, May 3 and 7, 1882 24
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, Paris, May 14, 1882 25
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, May 19-21, 1882 26
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, May 23, 1882 27
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, May 26, 1882 28
Online
  Folder
Edith Darlington to Mittie Hemphill, London, May 28, 1882 29
Online
  Folder
St. Louis World's Fair Souvenir booklets, 1904 30
Online
  Folder
Article in the Pittsburgh Bulletin, June 1911 31
Online
  Folder
Thomas P. Roberts to Edith Darlington Ammon, August 18, 1911 32
Online
  Folder
Financial papers, January 6, 1908- June 16, 1919 33
Online
  Folder
Sydney Liggett to Edith Darlington Ammon, March 16, 1916 34
Online
  Folder
Samuel A. Ammon to Mrs. Mary Echler, May 20, 1916 35
Online
  Folder
Ground leases (copy 1), April 1, 1913- April 1, 1918 36
Online
  Folder
Ground leases (copy 2), April 1, 1918- April 1, 1921 37
Online
  Folder
Photographs of the Greenhouse at Guyasuta, undated 38
Online
  Folder
Watercolors of Flowers, undated 39
Online
  Folder
DAR Insignia, Allegheny Chapter, undated 40
Online
  Volume
Pittsburgh Musical Society, 1897-1899 54

Scrapbook compiled by Edith Darlington who wrote to a friend on January 8, 1914, this is "a book I kept during the active life of our musical society."

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  VIII. Family Papers 1826-1914 

Scope and Content Notes

This diverse group of materials has been divided into three subseries. Subseries 1 contains photographs and ephemera collected or created by the Darlington family during their travels. Subseries 2 contains a few letters to extended family members and genealogical information about the Darlingtons. Subseries 3 documents Darlington properties, particularly the house at Guyasuta. Subseries 4 contains the papers of the Hemphill family, who were good friends of the Darlingtons.

Subseries  1. Photographs and Ephemera 

Scope and Contents note

The Darlington family collected souvenirs during their travels, including: a printed booklet from Washington, D.C.; souvenir cabinet cards of Florida locations such as Jacksonville, Silver Springs, Palatka, Leesburg, St Augustine, Daytona Beach, the Ocklawaha River, and Lake Worth; photographs of St. Michael's church in Charleston; and photographs of the basalt structures at the Giant's Causeway in North Ireland. Photographs of the Darlingtons during their travels include an image of Mary Carson Darlington and Edith Darlington with friends taken at Pikes Peak, Colorado, a photograph of Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington with her three children in front of Kenilworth castle, Warwickshire, England, and images from a Darlington family trip to Barcelona Harbor on Lake Erie in Pennsylvania.

Additional photographs include: Hillborn Darlington; an unknown woman who could be Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington; and a photograph taken by O'Hara Darlington of his sisters with their friend Lilia. In addition to these photographs, a children's book includes the childhood signatures of O'Hara Darlington, Mary Carson Darlington and Edith Darlington on the front end leaf, and a number of unsigned water colors and sketches of natural scenes, likely done by Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington or her daughter, Mary Carson Darlington. For more information, please refer to Box 25, which may contain related oversized materials.

  BoxFolder
Washington, D.C., Souvenir booklet, 1884 91
  Folder
Florida color postcards, 1884 2
  Folder
Photographs from Florida trip, 1884 3-13
  Folder
Photograph on Pikes Peak, September 3, 1892 14
  Folder
Photographs from Barcelona Harbor, 1897 15
  Folder
Darlington Family Photographs, undated 16
Online
  Folder
St. Michael's Photographs, undated 17
  Folder
Photograph of Mary Carson, undated 18
Online
  Folder
Photograph Warwickshire, England, undated 19
  Folder
Panoramic illustration of Victoria, British Columbia, undated 20
  Folder
The Adventures of a Bear, and a Great Bear Too, undated 21
  Folder
Northern Ireland photographs, undated 22
  Folder
Trip to Honda, 1884 23
  Folder
Water colors and sketches, undated 24-27
  BoxItem
Framed photographs, undated 281-3
 1. James O'Hara (portrait) 
 2. William M. Darlington (portrait) 
 3. Mary O'Hara Darlington (shown painting in greenhouse at Guyasuta) 

Subseries  2. Extended Family Papers and Genealogical Materials 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains genealogical materials documenting the Darlingtons, O'Haras and McCulloughs, including the Darlington family coat of arms. The subseries also includes correspondence from Darlingtons not represented by an independent series of materials, including the Third Earl of Darlington, Samuel Darlington and J. Darlington.

  BoxFolder
J. Darlington to Jacob Burnett, July 31, 1799 101
Online
  Folder
Letter written by the Third Earl of Darlington, July 20, 1826 2
Online
  Folder
Darlington Genealogical Papers, undated 3
Online
  Folder
Birth and Death Date Listings for the McCulloughs, undated 4
Online
  Folder
William Wilkins to Samuel Darlington, undated 5
Online
  Folder
Darlington Coat of Arms, undated 6
Online
  Volume
The Genealogy of the Darlington Family, 1900 51

Subseries  3. Family Properties 

Scope and Contents note

The items listed below document the layout and dimensions of the Guyasuta mansion and surrounding property, including floor plans and gas pipe diagrams. Photographs show an additional Darlington property at Marshall Avenue and Brighton Road in Allegheny City. A land lease for property owned by Samuel Darlington and a list of properties sold on behalf of Jane McCullough are also present. For more information, please refer to Box 25, which contains oversized materials.

  Folder
Guyasuta Road map, September 30, 1890 7
Online
  Folder
Drawing of Guyasuta and environs, undated 8
Online
  Folder
Rooms at Guyasuta, undated 9
Online
  Folder
Guyasuta Floor Plan, undated 10
Online
  Folder
Gas Pipes, undated 11
Online
  Folder
Land Lease for Samuel Darlington, January 1, 1828 12
Online
  Folder
Real Estate sold on behalf of Jane McCullough, November 17, 1830-August 13, 1831 13
Online

Subseries  4. Hemphill Family Papers 

Scope and Contents note

The Hemphills were close friends of the Darlington family. Collected here are a small number of family letters, including an 1861 letter from a Union soldier at Fort Lyon, and an 1886 letter describing a grandfather's tales about "bloody murders" at the hands of neighboring Indians along the Youghiogheny River. A handwritten Hemphill family tree is present, as are commemorative buttons and badges representing the National Encampment in Syracuse, New York, in September 1900; the 8th Annual Convention of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress; the 1900 Democratic National Convention in Kansas City, Missouri; and a 1914 bracelet medallion that reads "Come to Pittsburgh." For more information, please refer to Box 25, which contains oversized information.

  Folder
Hemphill family tree, September 2, 1830 14
Online
  Folder
Letter written from Fort Lyon to Cousin Annie, October 16, 1861 15
Online
  Folder
Cousin Lizzie to Maggie, August 26, 1863 16
Online
  Folder
Unknown to Cousin George, April 12, 1886 17
Online
  Folder
Letter written by Cousin H.H. Anderson, undated 18
Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  IX. Bound News Clipping Volumes, 1898-1917 

Scope and Content Notes

This series consists of 29 bound volumes of newspaper clippings. These clippings may have come from a subscription service and many of the books have Mary O'Hara Darlington's name handwritten inside the front cover. The Darlingtons, particularly Mary O'Hara Darlington, may have pasted the clippings into the books. Each volume collects articles on a particular topic or event from local, national and international newspapers and magazines. However, each volume contains some clippings that do not seem to be directly related to the topic of the volume. Some volumes have a partial handwritten index. Many clippings do not contain source or date information. The title, number and dates listed below reflect the original handwritten inscriptions on the spine of each volume.

  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain, Vol. I, 1898 11
  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain, Vol. II, 12
  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain, Vol. III, 1898 13
  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain, Vol. IV, 1898 14
  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain, Vol. V / The War in the Philippines, Vol. I 1898-1899 14a
  Volume
The War between the United States and Spain Supplement, 1898 15
  Volume
The War in the Philippines / Events after the War between the United States and Spain, Vol. II, 1899 16
  Volume
The War in the Philippines / Events after the War between the United States and Spain, Vol. III, 1900 17
  Volume
The War in the Philippines / Events after the War between the United States and Spain, Vol. IV, 1900-1901 18
  Volume
The War in the Philippines / Affairs in Cuba and Puerto Rico, Vol. V 1901-1902, 1906 18a
  Volume
The Philippines [and] Puerto Rico, Vol. IV, 1906-1907 19
  Volume
The Philippines, Mexico [and] Cuba, 1914-1916 20
  Volume
The War in China, Vol. I, 1900 21
  Volume
The War in China, Vol. II, 1900-1901 22
  Volume
The War in South Africa, 1899-1902, 1906 23
  Volume
Wars between Turkey and Italy and Italy and the Balkan States and Turkey, 1912-1913 24
  Volume
The Great War of 1914, September-October 1914 25
  Volume
The Great War of 1914, November-December 1914, January 1915 26
  Volume
Events of Interest: Earthquakes and Volcanoes, 1901-1906 27
  Volume
Events of Interest: Earthquakes and Volcanoes, 1906-1907 28
  Volume
Events of Interest: North and South Pole, 1909-1913 29
  Volume
Events of Interest, 1898-1907 30
  Volume
Events of Interest, 1907-1910 31
  Volume
Events of Interest, undated 32
  Volume
Events of Interest: Biography, 1910-1913 33
  Volume
Events of Interest: Biography, 1914-1917 34
  Volume
Events of Interest: Biography, undated 35
  Volume
Events of Interest: War between Russia and Japan, 1904-1906 36
  Volume
Untitled, undated 37

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Series  X. Scrapbooks, ca. 1850-1950 

Scope and Content Notes

The Darlington family scrapbooks consist of 11 bound volumes documenting local and national events. The items have been retained in their original arrangement, but lack any discernable order. Dated clippings range from late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries. The majority of the items in the books are newspaper clippings from local and national newspapers and detail people, places, and items of interest in and around Pittsburgh, with a number of clippings about the Darlingtons themselves. Most are undated, though some have printed or handwritten dates on them, and lack the name of the publication. Programs, sheet music, maps, sketches appearing in newspapers, magazine clippings, obituaries, and clippings concerning areas other than Pennsylvania are also included in the scrapbooks.

Some of the books contain alphabetized indexes of the clippings and others handwritten indexes affixed to or written on the inside covers of the scrapbooks. One book contains the name of the book's binder, the date it was bound, and the cost of binding, while another has the name Mary O'Hara Darlington inscribed on the inside of the front cover.

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1850s-1880s 38

Inside cover signed by William M. Darlington. Contains lithographs and engravings of noted individuals. Only first half of scrapbook is complete.

  Volume
Scrapbook, 1891-1898 39

Inside cover signed by Mary O'Hara Darlington, Guyasuta. Pages cut from album (disbound). Contains newsclippings of events of interest, 1891-1898 (inc. index).

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1907-1912 40

Mostly clippings pertaining to the subject of art and Pittsburgh Artists Association; likely assembled and kept by Mary Darlington.

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1860s-1880s 41

Mostly clippings pertaining to the history of Pittsburgh, likely created by William Darlington.

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1870s-1880s 42

Noted as Vol. 2 in the inside cover; likely created by William Darlington.

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1880-1920s 43

Darlington family scrapbook containing wealth of information about family members and Guyasuta.

  Volume
Scrapbook, ca. 1820s-1870s 55

Newsclippings documenting Pittsburgh history and ninteenth century obituaries and other matters. Index in back.

  Volume
Scrapbook 56

Engravings and prints with index; most likely created by O'Hara Darlington.

  Volume
Scrapbook, 1879-1922 57

Inside cover inscribed: Minnie O'Hara Darlington, Christmas 1879, Guyasuta. Contains newsclips.

  Volume
Scrapbook 58

Pittsburgh and U.S. biographies and history newsclippings.

  Volume
Scrapbook 59

Newsclippings of Pittsburgh and Virginia families and many other matters with index.

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Series  XI. Photographs, 1881-1882, 1885-1888 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains 155 photographs in five albums taken by Edith Dennison Darlington Ammon and her brother, O'Hara Darlington, from 1885 through 1888. The photographs document family, friends, leisure activities, and the artistic approach to photography shared by Edith and O'Hara. Most of the photographs are taken in and around the family home, Guyasuta, and the surrounding area. The fifth album in this collection contains photographs from the Pittsburgh Amateur Photographers' Society, a social club founded in 1885 in which Edith and O'Hara actively participated. All the photo albums are scanned and available online.

The series also comprises two scrapbooks containing photographs and other memorabilia documenting the Darlington family trip to Constantinople, Greece, Italy and Egypt in 1881-1882.

  Volume
Photo Albums, 1885-1888 44-48
  Volume
Darlington Family Trip, Volume 1, 1881-1882 60

Photographs and other memorabilia from Constantinople, Greece, Italy, etc.

  Volume
Darlington Family Trip, Volume 2, 1882 61

Photographs and other memorabilia from Egypt.

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Series  XII. Mary Carson Darlington Artwork, 1867-1925 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains 116 pieces of artwork created by Mary Carson Darlington between 1867 and her death in 1925. They contain landscapes and portraits mainly in watercolor. The large paintings have been matted and stored separately from the family papers.

  Boxes
Oversize Artwork    Artwork in boxes 20-24 are located in Flat Files 14-7 through 14-10 11-24

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Series  XIII. Oversize Materials, 1785-1899 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains land deeds, survey information, and indentures held by the Darlington Family, dating from 1785 to 1899. Also included in this series are oversized documents relating to the collection, including: a diploma, medals, buttons, photos, deeds, and land surveys. The materials in this series relate to areas of collection interests to the Darlington family and owned by the Darlington family. These files are too large to be filed within the preceding manuscript series for family members, and contains information about them, their research interests, education, and land holdings.

  BoxFolder
O'Hara and Richardson, Survey Information, October 17, 1785 251
Online
  Folder
Mary C. Darlington, Land Warrant, October 17, 1785 2
Online
  Folder
William Bamer, Deed, January 18, 1793 3
Online
  Folder
Robert Campbell, Deed, October 1817 4
Online
  Folder
Benjamin Darlington, Deed, November 29, 1822 5
Online
  Folder
James Rope, Indenture, 1829 6
Online
  Folder
Richardson, Patent (copy), December 17, 1839 7
Online
  Folder
William Darlington, Deed, July 19, 1850 8
Online
  Folder
Mary O'Hara and Mary Darlington, May 28, 1857 9
Online
  Folder
William and Mary Darlington, March, 23, 1887 10
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, May, 8, 1890 11
Online
  Folder
O'Hara Darlington, Taxes, January 15, 1893 12
Online
  Folder
Inventory of Darlington Family Lot Surveys, undated 13
Online
  Folder
Sale of Land, undated 14
Online
  Folder
David Stule, Land Survey Information, undated 15
Online
  BoxFolder
Sam Jones, Deed, January 4, 1806 261
Online
  Folder
William Mann, Indenture, October 7, 1811 2
Online
  Folder
Alex Young and Fredrick Myers, Indenture, May 1812 3
Online
  Folder
Act to erect a Bridge by Governor, August 13, 1845 4
Online
  Folder
Hearman Demery, William Crogan, James Roph, and Mary O'Hara to James, Deed, January 26, 1846 5
Online
  Folder
John White and Mary O'Hara, Indenture, April 1, 1848 6
Online
  Folder
Mary O'Hara to John White, Deed, April 22, 1848 7
Online
  Folder
James O'Hara, Indenture, April 5, 1849 8
Online
  Folder
James O'Hara, Indenture, April 5, 1849 9
Online
  Folder
John Whiteknife and Mary O'Hara, Deed, April 14, 1851 10
Online
  Folder
Charles Shirk, Deed, May 3, 1856 11
Online
  Folder
William Boyle, William Darlington, and Mary O'Hara, Deed, September 16, 1856 12
Online
  Folder
William Darlington and William Johnson, Indenture, November 14, 1859 13
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, March 21, 1866 14
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, March 21, 1866 15
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, March 21, 1866 16
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, March 21, 1866 17
Online
  Folder
William and Mary Darlington, Deed, November 4, 1884 18
Online
  Folder
Mary Darlington, Deed, August 23, 1899 19
Online
  BoxFolder
William Trent's Account of Proceedings with Six Nations of Indians and Allies, November 17, 1753 271
Online
  Folder
William Darlington, Certificate of Acceptance into the Bar, November 20, 1837 2
Online
  Folder
William Darlington, Certificate of Acceptance to the Academy of Natural Sciences, November 24, 1868 3
Online
  Folder
O'Hara Darlington, Yale Diploma, 1871 4
Online
  Folder
William Darlington, Survey of Darlington Land on Loyalhanna Creek, May 9, 1879 5
Online
  Folder
Buttons and Badge Memorabilia, 1900-1914 6
  Folder
O'Hara Darlington, Certificate of Membership in Historical Society of Pennsylvania, undated 7
Online
  Folder
Four Unlabeled Photographs, undated 8
Online
  Folder
Design notes for library bookcases, undated 9
Online
  Folder
Deed to the Estate of Jane McCullough, undated 10
Online
  Folder
Portrait of William M. Darlington, undated 11
Online
  Folder
Three Paintings of Natural Scenes, undated 12
  Folder
Floor plan of Guyasuta, undated 13
Online
  Folder
Photos of the Darlington Property at Marshall Avenue and Brighton Road, undated 14
Online
  Folder
Darlington Index List, undated 15
Online
  Box
Plan Book ca. 1860-1884 29

Contains lot and block information (some drawn by hand) for Pittsburgh and surrounding area; not necessarily property owned by Darlington family, but collected for historic reasons.

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