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Help Using the Digital Texts

Please select from the help topics below or Contact Us with your question. Please note that the texts cannot be searched at this time.


Browsing the Texts

A list of all of the digitized texts are presented on the Texts page. They are divided into two categories: primary sources and reference tools. Within each category, the texts are arranged in alphabetical order by subject or type, then alphabetically by title.

Clicking on a title will take you to information about the digital text:

  • Bibliographic description. This section lists the following for each text: Title, Author, Availability, Print Source, Subject(s), and Bookmarkable URL (to be used to &quo;bookmark" this specific text on your Web browser).

  • Table of contents. The next section shows the table of contents for the digital text. Each text typically contains one of the following: Production Note (project requirements), Cover, Title Page, Preface, Table of Contents (the text's actual table of contents), multiple Parts, Chapter or Sections, and Colophon. Each entry point is a link to view the corresponding page image.

Link to PITTCat record

The PITTCat link next to each title on the browse page will take you to the text's bibliographic record in the University of Pittsburgh's online library catalog (PITTCat).


Hierarchy of Texts

Many of the texts contain Parts, Chapters and Sections. Every attempt was made to represent this structural order for the online version of the text in the Table of Contents view. In some cases, a Part may be combined with a Chapter (or Chapter with a Section) if this was the structure of the actual text.


Viewing and Printing Page Images

Only one page at a time can be viewed in the page viewer. You have several options when viewing a page image.

  • View page as: By default, all texts are rendered as bit-mapped images. Select "pdf" from the pull-down menu to convert the page image into the PDF format. Note: this feature requires the free Adobe Reader (Get Reader). We recommend you convert page images into the PDF format for printing. Images can only be printed one at a time.

  • Scale: By default, all page images are rendered in the "normal" viewing scale. You can increase or decrease the viewing resolution by selecting the appropriate command from the pull-down menu.

  • Go to page: You always have the option of jumping directly to any page in the text by selecting the page number from the pull-down menu.

  • Previous and Next image: You can "turn" pages by selecting the "Previous" or "Next" button. If you select the PDF option described above, all previous and next images will be displayed in the PDF format.

Page Image Numbering

We recommend you follow the text's table of contents to navigate each text. Often the texts contain pages that did not contain a printed page number. The following pagination "rule" were implemented to help users navigate the texts.

  • Pages at beginning of book with no assigned numbers. The page image (and sequential page images) were assigned the letter "a", "b", "c", etc. until the text's Page 1 was reached.

  • Pages with no number following pages that do. A page image that did not contain a printed number on the page following a page that did, the page image was assigned the preceding page number plus the letter "a", "b", etc. (For example, an image following Page 14 would look like "14a").