COMPOSITIONS Name PIT MfiAzTNP3 Date s5mmep 1q 0 Subject \S V4V TEA Ci4 ms STRXKE.) F- .
IN THIS ISSUE ... The process of education is the process of finding out why. In this issue of Pitt maga- zine, we explore the "why" of three widely diverse areas: One of the worst ways to begin a day is to receive 244 telephone calls from your employees, reporting off sick. Such was the discouraging experience of the ad- ministrators of the West Mufflin, Pa., School District recently. Even those who are only mildly curious might well wonder why. This question, with all its ramifi- cations for education in the nation is the theme of "Why Teachers Strike," page i. Interlocked with what teachers do is what students do not do, the topic of "Why Don't Students See Orion?" by Professor Edwin L. Peterson, on page 13. Professor Peterson has been teaching for 40 years, and his former students are among the most successful writers in the United States. The novelists, Gladys Schmitt, Peter Beagle, Robert Musser Brown, and Lester Goran, were taught by Professor Peterson. "Why Do Houses Squeak, Tilt, Crack and Slide Down Hills?" describes the work of the new specialist, the soil mechanic, of the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering. The story begins on page io. PITT is published quarterly by the University of Pittsburgh, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213. Second-class postage paid at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Published for the alumni and friends of the University of Pittsburgh. Editor: J. G. Colangelo, Jr. Associate Editors: Helen Knox, Lester Sullivan Desiqn: Jim Hohman Photos: Pp. 6-o, Bud Harris Pp. 14-18, Leonard Schugar SUMMER 1967 VOLUME XXIII NO. 3 GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS: President, James C. Dunbar, Jr., L.A.'52; Vice Presidents, James B. Say, Bus'5o; William F. Swanson, Jr., L.A.'5o; John R. Kountz, L.A.'Si, Law'54; Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Irene Grieve McLenahan, Nur'54, M.P.H.'62; Athletic Committee Representatives, William R. McQuade, Eng'37; George F. Kowallis, M.D., L.A.'27, Med'31; Executive Secretary and Director of Alumni Activities, Fred S. Robie, Ed'4i, M.A.'49.
F or public school teachers and principals, being~ sick involves a ritual. When a teacher dccides that she must be absent from school, she is required to call the principal and tell him by some designated time usually 6:30 to 7 a.m.-that she will not be in that day. After her call, the principal will attempt to hire a substitute teacher to take her place. By 6:3o a.m. on May 15, 1967 the fo-ur- teen principals in the West Mufflin, Pa. public school system had received a total of 244 phone calls-all from teachers report- ing that they were sick and unable to work. When the principals made their tallies, they found they could expect only slightly more than fifty teachers to be present. By the time the late bell rang at North High School, only five out of 52 instructors on the staff were in their classrooms; at South High, the score was one present and 33 absent. Throughout the district, mlore than eighty percent of the secondary and ele- mentary school teachers did nor show up. In Pennsylvania, as in the other 49 states, teachers are prohibited by law from strik- ing. 3ut they are not, of course, pro- hibited from being sick. What it all meant, plainly, was a work stoppage. And, clearly, it would be an effective one. There could be no school in West Muffin that day. Although the West Mufflin teachers may have seen their action as an isolated ac- tivity, actually it was part of what might be called a 'movement" by teachers, not only in Pittsburgh, but throughout tie country. In the past few years teachers, dissatisfied with below average salaries and vorking conditions, have resorted to firm and some- times unusual tactics to gain their demands. Teachers have effected work stoppages by declaring faculty sick days, professional days and mass resignations. Nevspapers report strikes ii such diverse places as Baltimore, Marylund; Woodbridgr, New Jersey, .nd Pocatello, Idaho. The threat of a strike ,von collective bargaining rights re- cently in Anacondi, Montana and pay raises of tip to $I 15o a year for teachers in Kasnkakee, Illinois. In the Pittsburgh area, 95 percent of the teachcrs in the 13urgmtstowin school dis- trict filled to report to work on May 24, mile days after the West Miffii stopp.(gc. A weck latcr, onJune i, teachers iii Norwiin closed tie schools bv dcclacring a "pro- fssionail day.'' ()atkiont tccchlcrs ncoti- ated a contract w-hich established a Si2,ooo .-V
maximum salary for senior teachers with a Ph.D. degree. The Pennsylvania State Edu- cation Association imposed sanctions on the Carlynton School district, whose teachers had bitterly disputed salaries. And newspapers have carried rumors of strikes in other communities planned for this coming September. This sudden teacher militancy has created new problems for society-for school administrators who must keep the schools open and functioning, for school boards who have legal responsibility in local education matters, for tax payers who must foot the bill for salary increases and for teacher education institutions which must carefully assess causes and seek cor- rectives. For example, the University of Pitts- burgh School of Education found itself on both sides of the fence in dealing with the West Mufflin dispute, and in the middle of the conflict as well. The University can boast that nearly 85 percent of the school administrators and almost one-third of the school teachers in Allegheny County hold one or more Pitt degrees. In West Mufflin both the superintendent of schools and the president of the local teachers' organi- zation are Pitt education graduates. The School of Education, which trains both teachers and administrators, also functions as a resource unit for these two groups. More and more often, the uni- versities are asked notjust to provide public schools with trained personnel, but also to provide the community with aid and guidance. At the height of the hostility in West Mufflin, for example, a University professor of education was called upon for a time to mediate. Each telephone call in West Mifflin on the morning of May I loudly signaled that at some time in the preceding months communication had broken down between teacher and administration. MeaningIess words, and phrases such as 'Won't be in,' and "Thank you for calling," had replaced dialogue and understanding. What happened in West Mufflin to create this situation, and how each of the parties sought to resolve the dispute, casts some light on what's happening with increasing frequency in communities and school dis- tricts around the nation. The borough of West Mifflin lies about five miles from the center of Iittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the center of Allegheny County's steel valley. Bounded on one, side by a gaudy amusement park and sur- rounded by the steel towns of Duquesne and Homestead on the Monongahela River, West Miffin is quiet and serene by con- trast. The town itself is riot a major steel town, since it lacks a river vantage point. Still, West Mifflin boasts 25 sizable indus- tries, including subsidiaries of Continental Can and Ford Motor Co., a newly opened Sears Roebuck and a new Holiday Inn. In 1950, to serve its burgeoning popu- lation, the West Mifflin school system embarked upon a major building program. In I years eight new primary and second- ary schools have been constructed. Instead of constructing one high school, standard procedure for a borough of its size (pop. 28,808), West Mufflin ambitiously built North High in 1960 and one year later opened a companion school, South High, at the other end of the borough. As a group, the teachers agree that West Miflin is a very pleasant community in which to work. Parents are generally inter- ested and cooperative; the vast majority of students are receptive and enthusiastic. "Social problems are at a minimum" a teachers' pamphlet states. Yet, dissatisfaction with the school sys- tem runs so deep that a full 80 percent of the staff chose to express anger and re- sentment by closing the schools for two days. The problems of West Mifflin are rooted in past quarrels and misunderstandings. In the now classic and almost ritualistic atti- tudes of combat, today the West Mufflin teachers find themselves pitted against the school board and the superintendent of schools. Caught helplessly in the middle, confused and divided, are the citizens of the community. Most students of the fray agree that the first open conflict of the school term oc- curred early last September when the school board received a request that four teachers be permitted to attend an education con- ference and that substitute teachers be provided for delegates to the meeting. TIhe teachers were denied leave from school without loss of pay. The West Mitflin Edu- cation Association (WMEA) subsequently provided funds for the teachers' expenses land the teachers accepted a two-day salary loss. Teachers viewed the sc0ool board's denial as an attack upon a fundamental alspect of the teichers' self imige, i attack upon the concept of "professionalism.' In the past is years, the nature of the nation's teaching force has changed radi- cally. No longer can the profession be characterized as one early writer saw it- "a mobile mass of merry maidens meditat- ing matrimony." Until World War II, America enjoyed an abundant supply of teachers. They were typically young un- married women who viewed teiching as a temporary career. They usually had no urgent financial needs and rarely fought for large salary advances. As a whole they were quite timid, as indeed they had reason to be, for they had very little job security. In many districts where the superintendent ruled with an iron hand, it was customary each spring for the entire staff to be fired. Then, at his leisure, the superintendent thoughtfully awarded newjob contracts to teachers who had measured up to his expectations: those who voted right in local elections, handed in reports promptly, accepted his authority, etc. Today there is a teacher shortage in the nation and teachers feel much more secure in resisting such arbitrary treatment. For one thing, certified teachers in Pennsyl- vania achieve automatic tenure after com- pleting three years of teaching in public schools, and thus cannot be discharged without cause. The demography of the reaching force also has undergone changes. The per- centage of male teachers entering the pro- fession has increased steadily throughout the Kennedy and Johnson eras. The for- mation of the Peace Corps injected a missionary fervor into the younger genera- tion and many of the young men and women who serve their two years in the Corps return to accept positions in the public schools. And, in contrast to the late 5o's and early '6o's when college students wanted the comfort and job security offered by big business, today's college student is affected by the self-sacrificing ethos of the era. Even the women teachers have changed. The young girl who left the teaching field 1- or 20 years ago to get married and riise a fa.milv is now returning to the profession as a "id-career" woman. Iler children are grown, .nd she may remin in the pro- fession for another 20 years. Today she has commitment to teaching, but is fully cogniz.mt of her righits, and will not be treaited contemptuously. Todaiy's teachers, better trained and edu- catcd thcniselves, are coming to realize that they are alreidy the lirgest single, special- ized occupitional group in our society. They enter the field with the belief that they are on an equal footing with any
4oWVW*W* p'0... . m. - p. I C '9. C. 0 * SO C 400 *OS, S... p.... 00.96c 1.. e. 6.06. I *e*e * S*g p. * *6* . I.e. 09 40 1. a0. . 0 0 * . 0 Sog , a 3S@.0S 009 4b 0 0 Ogg 0 9 to0 o s' e e#o a0 *eS 0 ~:':*.:.:. ::* 0 SS 099 00 , I, ~ trained group of professionals and they demand to be treated equally. They de- inand status and salary. The conference the West Miffin teachers ,vanted to attcnd was the annual state convention of the Pennsylvania State Edu- cation Association (ISEA), state affiliate of the million member National Education Association (NEA). This powerful and influential organization has been called by some a "company union' because it in- cludes in its membership both classroom teachcrs and administrators. The NEA believes that only by bringing together all elements of the education scene can teach- ing remain a healthy and effective pro- fession. But the NEA has profited most in recent years from the new cohesiveness of the teachers. At the state PSEA convention last year delegates mandated the addition of five regional branch offices in Pennsyl- vania, one of which recently opened in Pittsburgh. Both staff and facilities are being rapidly expanded to serve the needs of the inecrbership. The NEA has its greatest strength in small town and suburban areas, and has worked hird to develop strong leaders at the local levels. Although NEA tradi- tionally had a "no-strike' policy, its tone has changed in the last few years in the face of new teacher militancy. Regional director of the PSEA in Pitts- burgh, Millard Arbutina, put it this way: 'The PSEA must stay in the forefront of the teachers' movement. We cannot take a particular action until the teachers want it. The NEA does not reconmend strikes, but will support its members when they are driven to a particular course of action.'' Administrators have always liked and supported the NEA. Many felt the NEA was a 'professional' organization similar in stature to the Amiierican Medical Associ- ation or the American Bar Association. Their support also xv as tacit aidmnission that the NEA was far prferable to a labor union such as the American Federation of Teachers. InI fact, the NLA has had to combat overzealous superintendents wNho -xant to mnAke meInbrship in the organizati n mandatory. New teachers often find them- selves caIlled into the principil's otiie and asked to.join the loai NEA afiliatc. I I(ow- ever, Arbutina asserts, -he NLA does not w.iant a coerced membership. The ad- ministration wants the prescnce of a pro- fessional or,anization, but they reallv do
very little to support it. They would like to direct the organization." With the com- ing of age of a unified and vocal group of teachers, administrators are now beginning to express discomfiture with their role (or lack of role) in the NEA. In the past, the concept of professionalism often hs worked against the teacher rather than for him. Teachers have been fired for such "non-professional" activities as run- ning for political office, growing beards, advocating or participating in civil dis- obedience. Teachers are told that they are professionals; yet many schools still require teachers to punch a time clock. Until a decade or so ago the profession was generally homogeneous in its socio- economic composition. A college edu- cation was available only to the middle- class children of white collar origins. Increasingly, college has come within the reach of all, and many of today's teachers come from blue collar backgrounds. This is vividly reflected in the profession's changing attitude toward labor unions. Traditionally teachers have bowed to the shibboleth that the interests of "pro- fessionalism" are not well served by a union, but the spectacular advances by the American Federation of Teachers, an affiliate of the AFL-CIO, have changed a lot of minds. The AFT won its first col- lective bargaining contract in 1957. In ig6i, the 5ooo member New York local won the right to represent 40,000 teachers in negotiations. A successful two-day strike which followed served as a catalyst for the whole union movement. 'I 12 /j r, The AFT now has sole bargaining rights in such principal cities as Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, Boston, Cleveland, Gary and South Bend. The AFT places its member- ship at 136,000. Between February and May of this year alone, 3 8 new AFT locals were chartered and the AFT won exclusive bargaining rights for the teachers of Wash- ington, D.C. The Pittsburgh AFT local, formed three years ago, has a membership of 750, or 25 percent of the city's teachers. However, the Brownsville (Pa.) Federation of Teachers is the only Western Pennsylvania chapter to win representation as the bargaining agent for its teachers. The AFT also can point to truly im- pressive contractual gains for teachers. A comparison of non-union Pittsburgh with AFT-organized Philadelphia reveals sub- stantial differences. First year Pittsburgh teachers earn $200 less per year than their equivalents in Philadelphia. Fourth year teachers in Pittsburgh receive $820 less per year. Philadelphia teachers, in the year that the AFT has represented them, have won over $7000 a year in fringe benefits. Today for example the Philadelphia school board pays one half the cost of hospitalization both for the teacher and his dependents. In West Mufflin a first year teacher makes $5000; under an AFT union contract in Gary, Indiana, a beginning teacher brings in $6500. Still, the AFT has made little headway outside the big cities. Why is there no union in West Mifflin? According to one teacher, "It would divide the teachers. The PSEA and NEA arc C ; ' 1) 1'> nationally recognized professional associ- ations, and West Mufflin has worked with the PSFA for years." West Mufflin Education Association president, Anthony Romantino, sees the situation a bit differently. "Whether we like it or not," says Romantino, who is avowedly anti-union, "the AFT now has a foothold here. The teachers are angry- notjust at the board, but with the WMEA also. And I predict that by next year there will be some AFT activity at West Mifflin." The early September clash of wills seemed to set the tone for the school year. The teachers, dissatisfied with the results of the 1966 salary negotiations, were determined to do better this year. They asked the WMEA salary committee to begin 1967-68 negotiations with the school board in November of 1966. Teachers often view their salaries in two different ways: (i) How does my salary compare with the general work force? .und (2) How does my salary compare with that of other teachers in the area? A recent report from the American Federation of Teachers entitled "The Earning Power of Teachers" c.lls for a $5ooo across-the-board pay increase to aid the teaching profession. While the average salary of teachers is only $6820, the AFT says, engineers, chemists, buyers and even construction workers all earn more per year. While only one in 20 of all employed workers holds more than one job, the union group points out, the figure jumps to one in five when it comes to teachers- and this excludes teachers who hold sum- mer jobs and those who teach or coach after school in their own school system. AFT researchers feel a substantial pay raise also would help retain the almost 1S per- cent of the teacher force who leave the profession each year for better-paying jobs in industry. By comparison with this AFT report, teacher demands in West Mufflin were quite modest. Teachers wanted the starting salary of $5ooo raised to $56oo. They also wanted across-the-board raises this year of at least $5oo and $600. The WMEA especially wanted teachers who had been with the school district over five years to get sizable advances. The WMEA looked for an in- crease in maximum salaries: a West Mufflin teacher with a B.A. degree could make no more than $7600 regardless of how many years she had worked in the system, and more than 75 percent of the staff holds only the bachelor's degree. "I cani't do it Sarie. I had her ini the thirdgirade! !"
In an absolute sense West Mifflin teachers were not making much money (an average of about $65oo), and in a relative sense they werent either. City teachers usually are better paid than those in small towns and suburbs, and West Mufflin teachers suffered in comparson with Pittsburgh teachers. As an example, in West Muflin, where there is tio specific salary category for a teacher with a Phi)., the Imaximtum salary possible is $8200 a year; in P1ittsburgh, a teacher with a doctorate canl earn up to S 10,400. The West Mifflin school board thought that a November discussion of salaries would be premature, so serious negotiation did not begin until February 8, when the teachers presented their salary requests to the superintendent. Then from February 28 until April 28 the teachers' salary coni- mittee and the school board met jointly, haggling over starring salaries, increments, maximurns and fringe benefits. To smooth the bargaining process a little, the two groups worked out a "P.N." (professional negotiating) agreement. The P.N. agree- ment was a general statement which set up ground rules for bargaining. It stated that decisions affecring the teachers would not be unilateral, but would be adopted as the result ofjoint solutions worked out by the two negotiating groips. But negotiations soon assumed a stalemare position and proved fruitful only in stirring passions and acrimony. Throughout this timle the teachers as a group began to feel excessive frustration from several sources: (I) They felt that their own organi- zation, the WMEA, was not effective in its bargaining attempts. The teachers were increasingly eager to rake matters out of WMEA hands. (2) They had been stymied in their attempts to become actively involved in the bargaining process. Ar a mass meeting including all teachers and the enrire school board, the teachers hid been told that they were too unwieldy as i group, that nothing could be accomplished by hiving them all together. Teachers considered this to be-, rebuke by the administration, took it as another example of the administration's patronizing view of the teichers. (3) The school yeir was drawing to a close. B3y late April a solution- wis still not in sight. Teachers were afraiid that the board would stall UintiJtne before imaiking a finil decision. Iy that time school woild be out, the teachers would be scattered and they no longer would have the bargaining force of numbers. However, the teachers, although angry and frustrated, still felt bound by the P.N. agreement. Then, on May 8, the school board unilaterally adopted a salary schedule which fell short of the teachers' demands and which, in fact, had been rejected specifically by the teachers. The teachers, now freed from the P.N. agreement, (they felt the board's unilateral action had abro- gated it) adopted a plan of direct action. It was the following Monday that 244 of them reported in "sick." In a social milieu characterized by political activism, teachers have been nost militant where they are treated most cava- lierly. Also, the teacher's new image of himself is partially the result of some in- doctrination by teacher education insti- tutions. These institutions tend to empha- size the prerogatives and personal dignity of the reacher. The new breed of teachers emerging from colleges and universities is self-conscious of irs rights and eager to assume the leadership of the profession. They are articulate and knowjust what it is .bout school systems they do and do not like. A personal statement of teacher griev- ances in West Mifflin goes something like this: "I place the blame squarely on the superintendent. He has taken too much power on himself. The school board is merely his rubber stamp. He h.s not given us professional recognition and is pa- ternalistic in his dealings with the teachers. I Ie has gone so fir as to address us at a meet- ing as 'boys and girls.' "Of course the board is not blameless either. They never act independently from the superintendent. They have repeatedly acted as if they were doing us a favor to meet with us. We wanted to begin negoti- ations in November, but could not get them to discuss our demands until late February. Also, the school board should be taken out of the political arena. Power politics should not determine who directs school policy. "The salaries West Miffin offers in- service teichers aire lower than almost .ny in the .rei. The teacher must constantly be (oing back to update his education. To earn a maisters degree I spent over $2000, excluding books ind transportation, and West Mufflin only gives me an extra $300 per year for that degree --a state-miandated $300. 'A beginning teacher after four years of college gets Ssooo per year.Why, last year after graduation, one of my commercial high school students got ajob as a secretary in the mill for Ssooo per. And whereas the average salary of a teicher in the area is about S65oo per year, the average pay of i draftsman is $6945 per year and the aver- age pay of a construction worker $6821. "These are just a fev of the reasons that by the time Monday came, I really w,as sick. I was sick from two yeirs of built up resentment, hostility and confict. The atiiiosphere in West Mifflin is very un- healthy." The nine member elected school board .lso was sick: the school system, which was solely their responsibility, could no longer function. As the final leg.l iuthority in all matters concerning the schools, they had held long and frequent meetings to resolve the conflict. Under the terms of the P.N. agreement they were required to meet with the WMEA salary committee no less than once every IS days, in addition to their regul.r jobs, and of course without pay. Meetings often lasted far into the night, and on occasion vere disrtpted when the teachers angrily left the meeting. Board members also felt thit they had on occasion been personally vilified. Only one of the nine members, a retired school super- intendent, Dr. Janies E. Zimmerman, had a college degree, ind board Inembers felt none too subtle implications thit they were not conpetent" to deil with educationil problems. Acceding to the teichers' demasnds woild miean an increase in West Miffiin taxes. As elected representatives of the taxpayers, and is West Muffin tixpayers thenseves, the board was relictant to do this. To provide for the salary schedule adopted by the board on May 8, the dis- trict tax rate would have to be changed from S3.20 to $3.50 for each $ioo of property evaluation. According to school board figires, grainting the teachers' re- quest would r,ise the rate to $3.80 per Sioo. (The te.chers, however, d!sputed this.) West Mifflin already had the second highest mlillage in the county, .ind clearly taxpiyers were not going to agree to l.rge tax increises. School boirds occipy an unenviable position in the miediation process, for al- most no one is ever happy with their decisions. Too often the boird is forced to ncdiate between the teachers' revolt ainl the property owners' revolt. Increasingly, homeowners across the nation are re-
jecting bond issues and refusing to approve real estate tax hikes to pay teachers' salaries. Many critics believe that counties have tried to carry too much of the burden of education from the local property tax. One expert says, "There are very real limits to what we are able to pay teachers, and the property tax cannot stand much more." Teachers will have none of that argument: "I'm not concerned about where the money comes from," they say, "but I must be paid fairly for educating the nation's children." Dr. Thomas Kelly, superintendent of the West Mufflin school system, has been forced to take sides. His dilemma illustrates the radical changes which have sundered the profession over the past decade. "Ten years ago when peopie asked me to define my role as superintendent, I called myself 'the leader of the teachers and the partner of the hoard.' Recently, I have had to desert that role. Today when there is a controversy, I have to he part of the school board." When Dr. Kelly states these facts, he does so unhappily, and with more than a little puzzlement in his voice. Hie is sorry that he can no longer consider himself "leader of the teachers," and is not sure why he can't, but he is sure of the reasons that his loyalties are with the board. Hie is the one professional person in a unique position to know all sides of the conflict: the board, the teachers and the borough. Above: A tvell-attendedmeetiuig ofthle West Miflin Board of Education, Beloiv: [est Miflil Slperintendent (f Schools, Dr. Thomas Kelly. All too often superintendents find that they are scapegoats--- buffited by the wrath of both the board and the teachers. However, Dr. Kelly's relationship with the school board has been an extremely ami- able and cooperative venture. Personilly, he says, "It is a good board, and I am partial to them. They are cooperative; they never do anything except what is good for the school district and the child. They have never refused a meeting with the teachers and they have been perfectly fair in all their dealings with the teachers. "Why have I deserted the role of the middle man? I don't know. Of course, you feel loyalty to those who hire you-and I don't mean that I am concerned about joh security. But the fact is that I am dependent on their support, for without it the super- intendent can't do anything. I work mostly with the board. I understand them and respect them." (Dr. Kelly, unlike the teachers, cannot acquire tenure in the school system. His contract must be re- newed periodically.) Dr. Kelly feels that in instructional matters, he is still the accepted leader of the teachers. During his tern of office, and at his initiative, West Mufflin has introduced into its curriculum experimental programs in reading, modern math, food service, business educ.tion and data processing. Also, in accord with his recommendations, AV West Mifflin built the two high schools, thus enabling students to get nore indi- vidual attention and allowing more stu- dents to be involved in extra-curricular activities, but at the same time creiting some problems that Dr. Kelly must deal with now. The cost of constructing and maintaining two separate buildings was high, and West Mifflin now is forced to spend a larger share of its school funds on AA
physical plant outlay than other towns in the area. This set-up also requires two com- plete and separate f.iculties. As a resident of West Mifflin himself, D)r. Kelly is concerned about the future of the community. He feels an obligation to keep taxes down both for private citizens and for the large industriilist. I)r. Kelly likes to repeat the axioin thit 'industry follows low taxes. "All our problems are money problems," he asserts. "I support the idea thit teachers must be more iilitant if they are going to get their share of the dollars, but West Miffinjust doesn't have the money to give them. The State has mandated a $300 in- crease on all teachers' salaries this year, yet the State has dercascl the amount of money it is giving us by $50,000." Dr. Kelly who is a native ofMcKeesport, holds two degrees from the University of Pittsburgh: a maister's carned in 1940, and a doctorate in education garnered in 19 . He is proud of his doctorate which he earned while working full time in the public schools. lie his been an educator since i937 as a classroom teacher in the Braddock Schools, a high school principal at Plum -igh School, a supervising princi- pal at Pitcairn, and, in i9S4 assumed the position of superintendent at West Mufflin. On the first d.iy of their work stoppage the West Mif-flin teachers believed they were about to enter the second stage of the conflict. The P.N. agreement called for an advisory board to be emnpanelled in the event of a stalemate. The advisory board was to include one representative each from the teachers and the school board, and a third person chosen jointly by both groups. From a list of potentiil mediitors, )r. Samuel Francis, chairman of the Depart- ment of Secondary Education at the Uni- versity, was chosen as this third member of the advisory board. When Dr. Francis was asked to submit his name as a mediator, he readily assented. Here was an opportunity for the University to be of real help to the community. The School of Education offers a graduate degree in educational administration. Mediating the advisory board would allow Dr. Francis to test the transfer value of these courses to see if academics could solve more than theo- retical problems. Dr. Francis planned to bring the two parties to his University office, close the door and try to restore communications. In the absence of an agreement, he would submrit recommendations to the two parties based on criteria such as the avail- able taxable real estate of the community, the per pupil wealth and per pupil ex- penditure in the particular school system. The recommendations of the advisory panel, which would not be binding on either party, then would be submitted to the board and the teachers. But later that evening, angered at the work stoppage, the school board changed its mind, rejected Dr. Francis as a mediator and rejected the advisory panel set up by the P.N. agreement. What the board wanted instead was to invoke Pamphlet Law 3302 of the Pennsylvania Public School Code. Section 3302 also sets up an advisory panel, but here the third member is chosen by the State Department of Education. After a bit more by-play (actually the board did not have the right to invoke 3302; this was, by law, a prerogative of the teachers), the WMEA agreed to send their negotiator, Mr. Evan IHugies, to Harris- burg to meet with Dr. Zimmerman, the school board's representative. The State appointed James E. Rush, Jr., a professional labor mediator. Invoking Section 3302 was the last legal right the West Mufflin teachers had. Pennsylvania does not provide compulsory negotiation for public employees, and though it sets up an advisory panel through Pamphlet Law 3302, the findings and recommendations of this panel, too, are not binding on either party. On Wednesday, May 1S, the teachers resumed classes in West Mifflin. Although nothing had been solved or decided, they felt they could not, in good conscience, cancel another day of school. Later that week the three man advisory panel began five days of meetings in the state capital. At the conclusion of their sessions, the panel submitted to the West Mifflin school board a list of eight unani- niously adopted resolutions and an ad- ditional disputed resolution. Panel mem- bers had attempted to guarantee adequate grievance procedure for the faculty and had recommended establishment of a human relations committee. The panel also recommended that teachers be per- initted to attend PSEA conventions with- out pay loss. Other recommendations dealt with such fringe benefits as a sever- ance allowance for accumulated sick leave, rating procedures, listing of va- cancies and a rephrased one-day emergency leave for teachers. The ninth item, dealing with salary in- creases for the teachers, drew dissent from Dr. Ziinmerman, the school board repre- sentative. When the proposals were presented to the school board, after some debate, seven of the eight were granted. The West Mifflin solicitor vetoed the establishment of the severance allowance for accumulated sick leave because, he s.id, this provision 1could not be legally implemented by the school district.' But, .s the teachers had expected, the board still would not fully gr.nt the salary recommendations. As the schools closed for the summer, a settlement was no nearer. The teachers then unleashed what some believe to be the "ultimate weapon": a sanction against the school district. Sanc- tions, imposed by the WMEA and the PSEA, mean that teachers will be urged not to accept jobs in the West Muffin school district. Millird Arbutina, field representative for the PSEA said, "if any teacher accepts a job with this school system under this provision, that teacher will be considered in violation of the code of ethics of the profession." If the sanction is effective, it could be seriously damaging
Dr. Samuel Francis Dr. Richard Wynn to the quality of education in that district for years to come. Particularly in a district already experiencing a teacher shortage, the sanction is a powerful force. Indications are in West Mufflin that about half the staff is now looking for other jobs. Some teachers have already accepted po- sitions with other school districts it sub- stantial pay increases. Others still are hoping for a satisfactory resolution to the conflict; many say they have resignations written but not yet mailed. The West Mufflin dispute and others like it are shaking the educational world by its roots. What is evident, and to some frightening, is that the nation is experienc- ing only the beginnings of a revolution in the teaching profession. People are only beginning to ask the questions, 'What has caused this fernient?' and "I low can we stop it?' Dr. Richard Wynn, professor of edu- cational administration at the University of Pittsburgh, has viewed the education sys- tem as public school teacher, principal, superintendent, board of education mem- bet, parent and PTA worker. He has spent the last IS years in higher education. He joined the Pitt faculty in 1960 and, in addition to his work at the University, he offers a private consulting service to troubled school districts. Dr. Wynn attributes much of the current ferment in education to the consolidation of school districts, and their vast growth in size. In 1945 there were 105,000 school districts in the United States. In 20 years, while the total school population has in- creased, the number of school districts has declined by 75 percent to 25,000. "When organizations increase in size, Dr. Wynn claims, "they tend to become bureaucratic, and bureaucracies tend to ini- pose upon workers. They reward juvenile rather than adult behavior. The most suc- cessful workers are those who conform, who remain inconspicuous, never challenge authority nor question orthodoxy. "Bureaucracies also depersonalize the work experience, because close inter-per- sonal relations can no longer be possible. These large work units become highly structured with a corresponding need for specialization on the part of the worker. In such a situation teachers lose their identity with the total school as well as with the total student. "The administrative unit, here the school board, is too often not enlightened with regard to personnel practices. So when normal grievance channels are not available, the teachers rebel. They rebel against the system and against unpopular policies handed down by a school board which is frequently politically chosen and often not well educated or informed." What do teachers want? Although the big battles now center around salaries, virtually every expert in the field agrees that the prime objective of the teacher is not economic. Most of all, the staff wants professional recognition. They want active participation in the decision making proc- ess. They are asking increasingly for direct negotiations with the school board; they insist on representation through their own spokesman. Teachers want to determine their con- ditions of employment. They have negoti- ated such things as length of school day, class size, grievance procedures, insurance programs, textbook selection and freedom from keeping daily attendance records. Teachers want to be informed of positions open throughout the school system; they want to know specific conditions of hiring and firing, decisions regarding assignment of teachers within buildings, a voice in planning and in curriculum changes. Teachers want supervision that is regular and well defined. Some teachers' groups now are insisting on quality integrated education. Undeniably teachers do want substantial pay increases. Teachers' salaries are not competitive with starting salaries for col- lege graduates in industry, nor with pay scales of some semi-skilled and unskilled labor. But oftentimes, as D)r. Wynn points out, when teachers want to be heard, when they want a voice in determining educational policies, or w.mt improved teaching con- ditions, or want mrore respect, they demand salary increases. Why? Because wheN they ask for money, they arc listened to. Money
is a language which everybody under- stands. A salary increase is very concrete; it can be talked about in a depersonalized way. A new salary scale can be written into a contract, and a successfully negotiated increase is a way of winning recognition as a force. When Dr. Wynn's consulting service is called to analyze the problems of a school district, very often the superintendent greets him with, "I know what our prob- lems are; they are all money problems. We just need you to say it officially." It is not surprising that Dr. Wynn in- variably finds in these cases that teacher morale is low, that poor communications exist between faculty and administration and that teachers feel they have not been treated with respect. "We cannot discount the economic aspects of the conflict," he states, "but it is not the whole issue, or as big an issue as it is made out to be." Dr. Wynn suggests that the teachers must win their voice on the board. "The administrative set-up seriously needs re- forms. The opportunity for teachers to participate in making decisions affecting their employment must be built into the system. He points to Michigan where several years ago the State required districts to enter into professional negotiations with the teachers. Initially this met administra- tive resistance but today most educators agree that personnel relations are greatly improved. If education is to be saved from bitter factionalism, the administration, the school board and the teachers must develop both understanding and regard for one another. Both Dr. Francis and Dr. Wynn feel it is time for a thorough review of educational systems and practices. Do school boards function effectively? What about our method of financing public education? Does the role of the superintendent need to be redefined? And what about the teachers? When they have won their battles with the school boards, what are they prepared to offer in return? Is the teacher prepared to actively participate in curriculum design, program planning? Is she prepared to construct ethical standards for the profession? And implement them? What about a review of tenure and the nine-month work year? The questions are as yet unanswered, the drama at West Mifflin still unresolved. But, in the school districts of the nation, the next act promises to be a sensation. BARBARA PAULL Members oj the West Mfi/Jin Education Association preparing material to be submitted to the state mediation panel: Center left, Anthony j. Romantino, president of WMEA; right, Evan Hqg,'hes, chairman of the WMEA salary committee and chief spokesman fir the teachers
MT YgN( Th7ln ID iiiQ T hose who arc becoming bored with worrying about the contami- nation of the air and the pollution of the waters may find some melancholy diver- sion in the realization that the earth isn't very solid either. Among those who hope to remedy this grave deficiency to some degree and at least in some places are the members of the faculty of the soil mechanics program in the Civil Engineering Department at the Uni- versity of Pittsburgh School of Engineering. Archie M. Richardson, of the faculty, defines soil mechanics as the study of soil as an engineering material, not as a medium for raising wheat or crab grass. And just as the shoemaker said "there's nothing like leather," )r. Richardson holds forth that there's nothing like soil for building, that it is used for construction purposes "far and away more than any other substance." Such a statement has ain improbable ring in a world of I-beams, concrete pouring and stainless steel panels, until D)r. Richardson alludes to the hundreds of miles of highway embankments and earth dams containing thousands of acre-feet of water. Soil mechanics engineers concern them- selves not only with building things of soil but with what can happen when somebody puts a building upon it, slices a road through it, or tunnels into it-and plenty can happen. The Pittsburgh area is an ideal location to study any number of catastrophic pos- sibilities. It offers limitless potential for an imaginative architect to hit a jackpot of nothing but lemons.
Such a state of things conies about, explains A. C. Ackenheil, professor of civil engiieering, because of the arca's soft rocks, steep topography, claycy soils and high degree of laud use. Such complexities beg.in lon, before tile first man came to %vhat is now Pittsburd, when the Wisonsin (;laciation reetded and left behind layers of coal, sandstone, ie- stone and shale. The rivers which now flow so neatly between railroad tracks then wandered all over the county. Nobody worried about this, except possibly masto- dons, until people began construt)ti heavy buildings where the rivers had beei and learned that tle unsuspected rivers had left behind a trcaclerous subsoil of river deposits. River courses are of considerable interest to soil mechanics engineers. ("Ilie presence ofa strearm alerts you," Dr. Ackenheil says.) But quite often tie forner presence of bygone rivers is unstspected until con- struction is complete ant the buildiing begins to sink or tilt or crack. Frttinately the soil Iehllelanit Csa1 sOIllCtillles cope with this Illisfortune by drilling bcncathi the foundation ant potrilng ili coicrete to form a solit base. As Imiglt be expected, retovering a building which his already begun to sink is not nearly as feasible as is testint, the stb- soil before construttion beg,iis. Soil mie- chanics eng(iners to this by spot trilling around the site ant testing tle corwe saliples in the lboratory. The samples look like lengths of thrc- itlh pipe, pIiitetd ill alternate dirk browns, rayvs mitd bicCks, rcflectin, tile layers of ea1-rthl beileith tile surface. By testillr tile various sei_'11clents of tile core in Iabi iratirv-siilluiitedl pressures. the soil lllcC1,1llts cln ginccr ill tl i iiiite just llowv firill folllldl0tio tile Stbsoil iM tile areal w%Ill provide. Many fi, t irs are colsiiered. S(ii Ic (Lys are positivcly tait, tiiitil tile r1ti abve tieill is rtlied. 'tthi ll tilt% bziii to fr,lgiiieiit or Cx1maidtl S(mie Ii tit'ls Iesc absorb wtrtc aid tie bidilti ri ll_ ugIpoll theil 'AwIll b,e 1_ortcd liip'arti .S(iiietiiiics cla1y sales wvill expand betause tie pro- tettive w,eighlt ofthie soil aIbove is rellovetd. Soiietimiies tile core siiiipie wvill iltic ite six feet of Iloting at aill, .iii illditcation of a mlinc sift. Tis ilappeils tuite often sice coal has beell imined ili tle Pittsbur.i dis- tritt for iore thin two hundred vears llt1 Mn11y of tile IllIeICs are n111'Iappeti. Miliilli(ls brotigiht construction prob- lemIs out of tle reaI'Clm Of ptre ergrilleeriig and into tiat of law. Tue fatt tit coal hias never been inied beIleath .1 te rtain area is no assurante that it will not be. Somle IoIsehlolders ILave learned ill too late tht they owied only tie surfatce rights to their property ant not tle Imlineral rights. This meant that tile owner of tle Imil rig,its coult tlike tie codl without any legal obligation to be tonterieid about what hiappened to tile builillgs 01l the surfice. On occasion tie owneirs of the surface prop)erty were of'Cred tie op- portunity to bty pillars of coal beleath their property. ile soil mechallnics engi- ners say, hoWecver, tha.it suthI sifetiards iiildt be in vain betatse eveii tllt)llkll tile pillairs mlight stipport tie earth inlni ttcltly above thiem, stbsiteince in atdJoililig areas whcre pillirs have not been left could weaken the pillars lnd \vrcc t e property nieverthieless. Such ai condition can be tisAstrotis to a h iomi1e owner becaise the expense of ill- stilllg a1 supportilg base 'Awould be all out of proportion to tle vailuc of tue iiouse. A visitor to ittsburglh's Go)lcli Iri.m(gle a.n Observe tipOil tile hills WiC1e1 fOrmu a backdrop to tle titv mv iiiibcr of houses with a reair doo r a story or t\\(o bcnclalt tile front tll riilt1 boith tdoorus at rioiuntd level. Stcl iiilite]restiii' t fl I ltr i tioil C t llicS about 1lrvel,v bt a,use 1Pittsburgh i iid fw lit siai fatec-s uipoll wh'icht to biaid. Thiese stelI) siipcs haive pro bleiims to i tfcr Otltr t1m11 ll h) (, c ct)l1sl ccltr uction)l . W ater tili Sicktllc lilld 'it' 1th thle tlt. Soft J1,tv sili s dsIiltCii,1t e tit' ikintokppc rv tueei 'A()IlltS WhIC11 fiiAttIFi(l tie iiO itSiIl t'lr crta crea.te are Is of 'v'eakless andi, evetll lly, rock slides. At tie foot of these iills wind tie rivers, but their present blinks ire only al1 intli- catiOIn of WvhAt a siil meehaC1lics elrgineer mIust concernn himeSlf witli. AIlluvi,d dc- posits, ill afttrlllital of tle river's former wider totirse, mal y extend for about a mile O)1 either site. lis meinls that anybody ,vho \vaIlnts to build a flctory along the river, especially oie with leavy Imachinery, is ,vll atdvise to ill in tie soil lechanics cli(rincer tolea;rn if tie soil can bear tile lad. Jonles & L.iulghliin Steel Corporation tonslted Putt soil metchanics experts wxhen they built a new plant along the Mo- Iongahela ill 1948. At thlat tinll, the soil mechanics programl at Putt was only ten yeaIrs old, hlich leads to tile questi(on of low so miiany Imssive buildings hlave endured for so loin, vhien tiley were conlstructed without tie services of tliese spetially edutatet egineers. -Fie aiswer is tlat tlere were more good sites to build upon yeairs ago and thlat quite often tue buildiiigs were 'overbuilt,' tiit is built more stronlgly .iid expensively than xovout ilave beei neccss.iry iad positive klowletige ot tue sub-surface been avail- able. TleI too, 0o11ue of tue [tiliings of ages past did tcollpse. lhere I 11o 'A.y of klow- Ii, low nimn of those bygone art lutects hi to gicatk to the oit1 drawin,l boarti or, fir that l,ittcr, fice tile relll, possibly disi11setd is \w'Ildcring miinstrcls hr slith cniu.i.ssincnt Ims bteen developed by K,inl I e Is iif the C:ivil hFiiiieecrnii- DI Pul tiluclit. D r. Lewis Ismhs st't ipl C0iipUtt'r lIlid)cis o,f tile miost iitrc,atc )1f shill I- it's toiifoirtllii rio knowi) thimt iat l, last S0i1ILi' ill'- '1 be (1hine for the p ,'ct's reC- tilest "let ni,)t the solid c,ii-thi fii btii,itli th'it tile ploet i,ll s,il 1l1t 1lli1cs Illlil td. 1,i si m I StA,1VA N mc)~c~';~:~~~
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./Ilfter 40 years of combating wobbly syntax, impotent verbs, drab adjectives and the passive voice, Professor Ed- win L. Peterson, one of the best known and most celebrat- ed teachers of creative writing in the country, has retired. This is an event that we felt hshould not go unremarked in these pages. And yet, it somehow seemed inadequate to do the usual kind of thing-a recounting of his many ac- complishments and contributions. In fact, for forty years, Ed Peterson has created his own best testimonial through both the writers and the writing he has turned out. His own published works include one novel; a paean to the beauties of his home region, called "Penn's Woods West," and a recent visual teaching series on "Contempo- rary Composition." The best known products of his instruc- tion are Gladys Schmitt, the distinguished author of such historical novels as "Rembrandt" and "David The King," and Peter Beagle, who wrote "A Fine and Private Place" while he was still an undergraduate taking Peterson's courses. SO, instead, we asked Pete to roii a blank sheet of paper in his typewriter and put down whatever random thoughts cane to bim, reflecting on al-nost a half century of help- ing young men and women express their own thoughts. The result is a series of seventeen notions that contain something of the essence of the nian-and it is the essence of a great teacher that creeps into the bricks and mortar and gives an amorphous entity like a university its palpable personality. Tihe seventeen notions reprinted here say a lot more about the in than we ever Could THE EDITORS.
NOTION No. 1 Often I am shocked to realize that many of my students never see the heavens. They live in cities or in heavily populated suburbs, and the street lights blind them to the stars. Mention Orion to most students, and they look at you in bewilderment. They have read about the Great Dipper, some of them, but they have never lain on the top of a hill and watched the constel- lation move about the North Star. Strange world that wants to put a man on the mnoon but that can not look at the stars! C NOTION No. 2 Even after forty years I am still puzzled by the advice given to entering freshmen who have good high school records in writing. At almost every university the advice is the same: "According to your grades, Mr. Freshman, you must write very well. You don't need any more work in composition. We'll put you in a literature class instead." But if the student has a good record in physics, the adviser says: "According to your grades, Mr. Freshman, you're very talented in physics. You should go further in this field. You should probably major in it." So the advice would go if the student were talented in chemistry or French or mathematics. But in English composition, the advice is, "You're good at writing, so quit it." I wonder why. I have been wondering why a long time. All high school students could write better, even the best. All college English teachers could write better, including this one. Some college English teachers, I must admit write very poorly indeed. Perhaps they, too, got the wrong advice when they were freshmen. It is even possible that some of them should be taking English I and 2 for the first time instead of teaching it. Gladys Schmitt, one of our great Americuan novelists, took English I and 2 and would be the first to say that the courses had value. A few years ago, Peter Beagle took English I and 2 and did not complain, and yet he was good enough to write almost all of his fine first novel before he finished at Pitt. Why, when students are good at writing, are they told to take no more writing? "Universities ave changed.... NTO Nh NOTION o. 3 I AA In measuring the student as a whole, grades seem less important than educators say they are. I am always a little suspicious of the straight A student. I am also a little sus- picious of the straight A student in English or Fine Arts who can not catch a baseball and who is contemptuous of the boy who has muscle and courage enough to be on the wrestling team. A Phi Beta Kappa who says, "Who's he?" when someone mentions Roberto Clemente is not, I suspect, a whole man. Grades do not measure integ- rity, endurancc, manual dexterity, gra- ciousness, truthfulness, or a profound at- titude towards mian's duty in a confusing world. Some C students have these human and honorable virtues in greater abundance than the honor student. And some honor students admit that they got that way by frequent glances at a neighboring student's paper. There is much to be said for the C stu- dent. In many instances he is vastly under- rated as a human being. And the B student is often a better bet to give something im- portant to humanity than the A student. At Harvard, F.D.R. was not a Phi Beta Kappa, and Ernest Hemingway never was graduated from college. For that matter, neither was Tennyson nor Rossetti nor Browning nor Swinburne- though college students study their writing. It was Oscar Wilde who was graduated with honors. NOTION No. 4 Why do college literature teachers so seldom write literature? The good chemis- try professor, I am told, tries creatively to I I1
add something to chemistry, the physics teacher to physics. Could it he that the science teacher tries harder to be creative than the English teacher? I hope not, but after forty years I find that strange thoughts tumble around in my mind. That could also be a sign of senility. I'll drop the subject. Q~i~\ '~~ NOTION No. o Every college in America should have a course called Quietness i and Quietness 2. It would meet for one hour on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. The classroom would be a tiny cubicle, large enough for only one student, and either dimly lighted or completely dark. The student would not be permitted to take books or paper or pencil with him. For the full period he would sit there and do a little thinking. There would be nothing to distract him. He would be alone with himself and the things he had learned and might come to realize the relation of each to the other. It would not be so good a class as the one Izaak Walton described when he wrote, "We sit on cowslip banks, hear the birds sing, and possess ourselves in quietness," but if the student came even close to pos- sessing himself in quietness, the class could be the most important one offered by the university. Come to think of it, Quietness 1 and 2 should be an eigiht semester course. NOTION No. 6 Many years ago she came into my office and asked if she could continue the course. "Why not?" I asked. "Well," she said. "Well, haven't you noticed?" She was a pretty girl though I forget her name. I looked at her carefully. "Noticed what?" I said. "Well," she said. "Well, I'm going A to have a baby in three months. Do you care if I keep on coming to class?" Was it only twenty or thirty years ago? Universities have changed. In some ways, so have girls. C- rG ZZD NOTION No. 7 I should not want a son or daughter of mine to rush through four years of college study in three years. Part of education, a vital part, involves reflection. A student must have time to think things over. It is easy to read Faulkner's, "I believe that man will not merely endure; he will prevail." One can do that in a second. But mere reading is not enough. The serious student wants time to think about Faulkner's statement, to weigh it, to evaluate it, to turn it over and over again in his mind until, if he ac- cepts the stitement as sound, it will become part of his life and character. To do so may take hours of reflection and aloneness. It may take weeks. It may take a whole summer of deep, if intermittent, contem- plation. If the student, instead, merely rushes from one class to another and from one school session to another, he is not likely to be affected by Faulkner's idea. It is easy to read, "I am a part of all that I have met." It is less easy to absorb the idea and to become part of it. Anyone can under- stand the superficial meaning of "And never lifted up a single stone," or "Cover her face, mine eyes dazzle, she died young," of "Sings hym-ns at heaven's gate," but to enter into their fullness and richness may take many solitary hours on a hilltop or many lonely walks on empty streets. College years are years for absorbing more than facts. They are the years for growing into wisdom, years when at least a few months every summer are spent not in study as such but in becoming part of all that they have met in college and out of college. NOTION No. 8 Why do so few English teachers try to write a sonnet, a short story, a play, or a novel? Though their product might be inferior, they would be better teachers of literature for the experience. . in some ways, so have girls
Q~j\ ~ NOTION No. 9 Once in a long while I have helped a stu- dent. Maybe I have taught him to write a better sentence or to recognize the differ- ence between eflc'r and 7flect or to look with greater accuracy at the ginkgo trees on the campus or to realize that his mother and father have problems just as he has or to refrain from making generalizations unless he can support them with evidence. Sometimes the student says thank you at the end of the semester or a couple of years later in a letter or a Christmas card. Once in a while he brings his girl to the office to show her off with pride. On rare occasions he visits his teacher long after graduation -as Bill and Helen and Mary do even now. These are big rewards. They help to I have a feeling that today students take courses rather than teachers." make life worth living. store whatever faith the lost in people. Teaching They help to re- teacher may have is a good job. NOTION No.10 Why do teachers of drama shy away from filmed presentations? Long ago I used a textbook that gave the iiords to Iolandie! When I bought the records of the opera and played them for the class, I felt a little like a charlatan. A number of my col- leagues indicated that they agreed with my feeling. What is improper about audio- visual techniques-except the misuse of what is often a great method of teaching? In many ways the university teacher could learn much from the modern high school teacher. NOTION No.11t Literature is often taught as if the printed version of the novel or short story were the only version. It would be good for the stu- dent, I think, if he knew that the final draft was the result of many revisions and if he satv some of those revisions and how the author struggled before he got the effect he wanted. "Writing," said Willa Gather, 4tis easy. It's the rewriting that's hard." Student and teacher might learn more
about literature if an astute editot brought out a book that showed the final version of some of William Butler Yeats' poems and that showed also the awkward early drafts. NOTION No. 12 In my day as a student we "took" teachers, not courses. Today, I think, the student takes courses regardless of the teacher. The student may be right in doing so. perhaps the content of the course is more important than the teacher's attitude towards it and towards other things. And yet I wonder. It seems to me that I remember very little information that my courses gave me. To- day I should find it difficult to translate a El "Every college in America should have a course called Quietness 1 and Quietness 2." Latin paragraph, a Greek poem, or even, I fear, a passage from leoiiu/f I could not prove a geometrical theorem, nor could I quote accurately the second law of thermo- dynamics. Yet I remember clearly iny extra-curricular teacher of Greek, the world veariness of my Old English teacher, the geometry teacher who stared out the window one morning and said, "Geometry is so right that it's a little like God," and the chastening fear that entered my Imind when my physics reacher explained the philo- sophical implications of the second law of thermo-dynamics, implications that altered mamny of my traiditional religious concepts. Few teachers wvould have dared to in- terpret the fict or theorem as he did, and I am eternally grateful to him for doing so. Most of my courses and their content I have alInost forgotten, but the few (,reat personailities I knew as teachers I shall know always. I have a feeling that today students, especially undergraduates, take courses rather than teachers. I hope I am wrong. NOTION No.13 Why are so many good writers poor spellers? Such students torment an English teacher. Usually after much soul searching and irritation I give the good writer an A in the course and hope that his other teachers spell badly too and will not notice. Unfortunately for me and for the student, most college teachers do spell well. When the almost inevitable objection to my grade occurs, I take comfort in Andrew Jackson's opinion: It's a dain poor mind that can think of only one way to spell a word."
NOTIONNo.14 NOTIONNo.16 NOTIONNo.17 Thank you, Paula Molnick, for taking the Atlantic Monthly's first prize this year in short story writing. In doing so, you have made my last year an especially happy one. And aren't you glad that you did not take your college adviser's advice when he said: "You write very well, Miss Molnick. I recommend that you skip English i and 2"? And aren't you glad, too, that you took Quietness i and 2 without registering for them? Keep writing, Paula, keep writing. NOTION No.15 The information presented in a course has little value unless it is so taught that it stirs up something in the student himself. "Music," said Walt Whitman, "is that which arises in me when I am reminded by the instruments." Great education and great teachers furnish many reminders. In an institution as large as the University there are many complainers. There should be. I have done my own share of com- plaining, as department heads, deans, vice- chancellors, and even chancellors could attest. Usually the University has listened courteously and has done nothing about my profound recommendations. Probably the inaction was sensible. Certainly it inched me a little towards a much needed humility. Just the same, the University has been good to me. It has been friendly and kind. It has given me freedom. It has per- mitted me to earn a reasonably good living. It has helped me, more important, to lead a satisfying life. I only hope that somewhere along the line I have helped some of its students to find a few of the things that make life worth living, the good things that made Faulkner believe that man will not merely endure but will prevail. I shall never again teach an English course. I have retired. I have left the University of Pittsburgh. Forty years ago in Alumni Hall I taught my first Freshman English class, on April 7, 1967, in Clapp Hall, my last. Now, after many years, I think I under- stand what a Chinese poet meant when he said, centuries ago, "Meetings are niy partings, friend." "'Music,' said Walt Whitman,'is that which arises in me when I am reminded by the instruments."' ~B( -n ' - 8 . ~ _~ . - 7lrern "--* ~: ~ ; ~, t-. I ~ a rr ~t~~- 11 ~9 ~~ a~-~ "^ B: i; c ra~ 63~. $$~b "~~ ~~~1~~~:74" ~ -~ -i -~- P,, .i ^, p ~ r a4 s d ~ a . 9* qa*I ~ : - - - - I*- .P, - .6 ~-c r: - -iT"I- " ~L'~~O(i J~.~it
ON OUR CAMPUS DR. POSVAR ANNOUNCES UNIVERSITY POLICIES Dr. Wesley W. Posvar began his chancel- lorship with announcements of the uni- versity's immediate plans and of its long range intent. In his address at the Negro Educational Emergency Drive dinner, he described the university's plans to increase the number of Negro teachers in Pittsburgh public schools. This cooperative effort of the public schools and the university will begin in the fall. High school counselors will select Negro pupils with a potential for teaching. These young people will be encouraged to consider teaching as a career, and will be assured of financial assistance. They will visit the Pitt campus and will also observe talented teachers in the public schools. Dr. Posvar told the N.E.E.D. group that the university had a responsibility to the city, but emphasized that the university must be cosmopolitan, when he said: "We would be failing the students of Pennsylvania if we did not bring them into close association with students from other states and nations." He spoke of the necessity for planning for the day when a megalopolis will extend from Pittsburgh to Madison, Wisconsin. Dr. Posvar also spoke of the need for planning in his first appearance before the faculty senate council. Public health and the whole panoply of urban studies must be considered, he said, and the problems of 40 years from now must be anticipated. He described the need for management methodology and said that lie night call upon established committees of the faculty senate. He also said that he hoped to in- volve the management talents of the trustees in the planning. DR. KURTZMAN NAMED STATE EDUCATION HEAD "From Odessa to Emeritus With Love," a profile on Chancellor Emeritus David H. Kurtzman which appeared in the last issue of Pitt, was scarcely off the press when l)r. Kurtzman took another fast step into thle middle of things by accepting an appoint- ment as Superintendent of Public In- struction for Pennsylvania. The appointInent to the state's top edu- cation job was announced by Governor Raymond Shafer just 2s days after Dr. Kurtzman becaone chancellor emeritus. The Kurtzinans wvill move to I Iarrisbur, in September. The former chancellor was the unani- ious choice of the governor's screening comminttce wiVhch studies the qualifications of about 70 educators. Initially, I)r. Kurtz- man w,as relucttint about acccpting the new post, but he tin.illy succuibcd to the urgings of the governor aind the selettion committee. Reacting to the news, Chancellor Wesley W. Posvar and Mr. William Rea, chairman of the University's board of trustees, ex- pressed a mixture of pride, delight and regret. In a Joint statement they said: Dave Kurtzman is one of the ablest public servants in the Comonwealth of P)ennsylvania. I us experience in education, government and public finance were in- valiable to the University of Pittsburgh in the last two years. His contributions to this institttion were of historic proportions. The unfailingly excellent job lie did here, the experience that he brought with him and gained here, and the great confidence he engendered among his co-workers, all give promise of success in the job he will undertake now in the larger arena of the Commonwealth. . ." Dr. Kurtzman succeeds Dr. J. Ralph Rackley who has returned to Pennsylvania State University as provost. SPECTROSCOPY LAB SET UP; DR. FOIL MILLER DIRECTOR A spectroscopy laboratory is being set up in the Department of Chemistry. The fa- cilities will also be available for the De- partInents of Biophysics and Microbiology, Biology, Biochemistry and Physics. The director of the new laboratory, Dr. olin A. Miller, in adjunct professor at Pitt since 1964, will becore University Pro- fessor of Chemistry. Dr. Miller directed the spectroscopy division at Mellon In- stitite for ten years, and is the author of 5o papers and a laboratory manual. FOREIGN ANTHROPOLOGISTS IN RESIDENCE PROGRAM Eight distinguished foreign anthropolo- gists have agreed to Participate in tile l)e- partillctt of Anthropology's new prograin of inviting outstanding scholars from other lands to Pitt for a tern in residence. While here the foreign scholars will offer two cocirses o)r semiinairs. JaccICies Maquet, of Irance, ill be here fr the fll of 167Jorge Muelle, of Peru, for the winter of 1967; I liroshi Wag atsuinla, Japan, for the fall and wiiter, 1967-I 968 (J iiitly 'a ith Sociology). Jan V,in Ba,il, Netherlasnds, fill, iq96; L. R. I liatit, Austrllia, winter, 1969; T. N. Matdaii, Iclii, fill. ioq Paul Ott Ino, France, w,inter, i970; Peter Lawrence, Australia, fall, 1971.
PITT-HONG KONG PROGRAM TO BE STRENGTHENED Plans for the expansion of Pitt's co-oper- ative program with the Chinese University of Hong Kong were discussed during the recent visit of Choh-Ming Li, president of Hong Kong University. The program, which now features sociology, will be ex- tended to other disciplines such as eco- nomics and geography. Dr. Charles H. Peake, vice chancellor for the academic disciplines, said that the program is designed to build curriculum in the disciplines, both at the graduate and undergraduate level, to strengthen the Hong Kong faculty, to develop a student exchange program, to organize an inter- national system of social research, and to enrich the Asian program at Pitt. A pro- fessors' exchange program is also being considered. "Because the Chinese University is a new institution, it hopes to establish a new type of higher education in Asia," Dr. Peake said. "Its stress will be on objective, ana- lytical thinking, and not limited to the transmission of information." Additional support is being sought for some phases of the extended program. ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT CENTER ESTABLISHED HERE Pitt and the American Public Works As- sociation are establishing the nation's first center for the preparation of engineering graduates for careers in the management of public works. The new Graduate Center for Public Works Engineering will be operated jointly by the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, Graduate School of Public Health, and the School of Engineering. To foster this program, the American Public Works Association has under- written ten fellowships, averaging $5,ooo each, to cover tuition and living expenses for graduate students who enroll in the program. The Center will accept its first students this fall. The Pitt program, which may serve as a prototype for other APWA-fostered train- ing sites, will prepare engineers to deal with some of the problems of urban living. The curriculum will pay particular at- tention to such factors as urban transpor- tation and traffic systems, water resources enginecring and planning, environmental health engineering and planning, urban development and renewal, and the man- agement of construction and operations. SALISBURY TO SPEAK AT PITT UNION FETE New York Times Correspondent Harrison Salisbury will speak at the Pitt Union's tenth anniversary celebration which will extend from September 30 through Oc- tober 8. The program will include the Don Cossack Dancers, a hootenanny at the Fitzgerald Field House, and a showing of the film "Bridge on the River Kwai." The Anniversary Luncheon, October 5, will feature a ceremonial rededication by students, faculty, administrators and trustees. The union was founded to serve "as a laboratory of student management and self-directed social and cultural activity." Dr. William Swartzbaugh was the first Union director and the present director is John R. Loch. The Union occupies the building which was once the Hotel Schenley and its fa- cilities are used by io student organi- zations. It serves as a library, art gallery, concert hall, forum, game room, dance and party center, club room, office build- ing, center for rush activities, ticket bureau, campus information bureau and con- vention headquarters. STUDENT AFFAIRS DEAN LEADS NEW ASSOCIATION Jack B. Critchfield, dean of student affairs, has been elected president of the newly- organized Eastern Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators. The organization plans to provide legis- lative leaders with professional guidance about student aid, and to develop improved student aid programs. It also plans to im- prove communications among student aid officials in northeastern colleges and uni- versities. SPACE ADMINISTRATORS TO TRAIN AT PITT The Graduate School of Public and Inter- national Affairs has received a $90,000 training grant from the National Aero- nautics and Space Adm-inistration. GSPIA will use the funds to train adIninistrators who will combine managerial techniques with a comprehension of science and engineering. Five three-year fellowships will be offered toward doctoral study in public ad- ministration. The Ph.D. candidates will perform field study with NASA or similar agencies, but are not obliged to serve with NASA upon completion of study. The program will begin in September and the administrators will consider appli- cants with experience or background in the physical and social sciences, engineering, law, business or public administration. NURSING PROFESSOR HONORED BY IOWA Dr. Lois Austin, professor of nursing edu- cation at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, has received a Dis- tinguished Service Award from the Uni- versity of Iowa for her outstanding contri- butions to the profession. She is serving a second term as president of the 7,ooo-member National League of Nursing, and has served as national presi- dent and national secretary of Sigma Theta Tan, Honor Society of Nursing. The daughter of an Iowa country doctor, she began her career as a teacher in a one-room Iowa country school after attending Iowa State Teacher's College. Later she graduated from Iowa University's School of Nursing, received an M.A. degree from Ohio State University, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Chicago. She has served in educational, clinical and administrative posts in hospitals and universities in many states, and has been a leader in strengthening nursing education and improving nursing service during periods of changes in concepts of health care and training in the health sciences. NURSING SCHOOL FACULTY, WPIC STAFF IN MERGER Dean of the School of Nursing Marguerite J. Schaefer and Western Psychiatric In- stitute and Clinic )irector Henry W. Brosin, M.D., have made ajoint announce- ment that the nursing school faculty and the WPIC nursing staff have been linked in an administrative merger. The merger is significant as it makes the local health center one of the few in the United States which combine education and service for the improvement of nursing care. Simultaneously with the merger an- nouncement, it was announced that Mrs. Rachel P'oole had been promoted to as- sociate professor and associate chairman of the Department of Psychiatric Nursing.
WORLD HEALTH EXPERT JOINS GSPH STAFF Dr. John C. Cutler, Deputy Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau in Wash- ington, D.C., has joined the faculty as di- rector of the Population Division and professor of international health in the Graduate School of Public Health. Dr. Cutler fills a post held by Dr. Samuel M. Wishik, head of the Population Division for the past two years at GSPH and professor of Maternal and Child Health for the past 15 years. Dr. Wishik has ac- cepted a new position at Columbia Uni- versity as Director of the Division for Program Development and Evaluation, International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction, and as professor of Public Health Administration. For the past quarter century, Dr. Cutler has been associated with the U.S. Public Health Service and since 1961 has been Assistant, then Deputy Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization (W-H-O). He is no stranger to Pittsburgh, having served here as a health officer for the Central District, Allegheny County Health Department from 1959 to 1961, and from 1957 to 1960 was Adjunct Associate Pro- fessor of Public Health Practice at Pitt's Graduate School of Public Health. He is a native of Cleveland, Ohio, and obtained his B.A. degree and his M.D. at Western Reserve University there. In 1951 he was awarded the degree of Master of Public Health at the Johns Hopkins Uni- versity School of Hygiene and Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland. He is also a Diplomate of the American Board of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. U Dr. Ctitler Dr. Hatch MAINE PAYS TRIBUTE TO PROFESSOR HATCH Theodore F. Hatch, professor emeritus, Industrial Health Engineering, Graduate School of Public Health, has received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from his alma mater, the University of Maine. Professor Hatch, the author of more than ioo articles about industrial hygiene and occupational health, has served Pitt as a consultant since his retirement from active teaching last year. He is past president of the American Industrial Hygiene Associ- ation. Before he joined the GSPH faculty he served with the Tennessee Health De- partment, Harvard University, New York Department of Labor, University of Pennsylvania, the Armored Medical Re- search Laboratory at Fort Knox, and the Industrial Hygiene Foundation. PHARMACY SCHOOL GRANT TO SUSTAIN FELLOWSHIPS The School of Pharmacy has received a $49,375 grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences for this year to aid in the education and training of pharmacologists at the predoctoral and postdoctoral levels. An additional sum of $250,000 has been awarded to continue the program for an additional five years. Dr. Joseph P. Buckley, chairman of the Department of Pharmacology, said there is an extremfe shortage of pharmacologists for the investigation of the effects of new drugs in the treatment of disease, and potential adverse reaction on the body. The grant will permit io fellowships at the pre- doctoral and one at the postdoctoral level. BIO-MEDICAL ENGINEERING CONFERENCE SCHEDULED The engineering and medical schools are organizing a conference with the theme "Dimensions of Bio-Medical Engineering" for October 23 and 24. The conference is supported by the Pittsburgh Foundation. The program will include lectures by invited authorities, discussion and com- ments from the floor. Topics include: Philosophy and Overview, Bio-Medical Engineering Education, Modeling, Goals and Future of Bio-Medical Engineering. Conference applications may be ob- tained from Dr. E. I. Salkovitz, Chairman, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, or from Dr. Lincoln Gerende, Department of Preventive Medicine. NURSING SCHOOL DEAN HONORED BY FRATERNITY Dr. Marguerite J. Schaefer, dean of the nursing school, is the first non-nurse to receive the Alpha Tau Delta National Nursing Fraternity Award. The award is granted for the most significant contri- butions to the nursing profession. Dr. Schaefer previously served on the faculty of the University of Bridgeport (Conn.), Yale University School of Nurs- ing and the University of Tennessee. Dr. Schaefer
ALUMNI NEWS REVIEW These sheiks and fappers are not members of the Class of 27, but o/ the University of Pittsburgh Alumni Association ofjLos An'eles. (above)Jane Napoleon Cutri, Ed.'3o; Kenneth Ritter, L.A. '6o; and Clarence Burke, En' r. '43. (below) Sharin Q the bumper are Rita Doll, Nurs.'56, chapter secretary-treasurer, and Herbert Dodell, L.A.'6i. The hat waver is Albert Gentile, Bus.'_o, with Eileen Wesson, starlet, Universal Studios, where the alumni wvent to promote their "Thoroui hly Modern Millie" theater party. The show and the party whichfollowed, at the Brown Derby, were attended by 150 alumni andfriends.
J. B. SAY NOW PRESIDENT OF GENERAL ALUMNI JAMES B. SAY, Bus'50, has been elected president of the General Alumni Associ- ation for 1967-68, succeeding James C. DunbarJr. Mr. Say is a general partner of Arthurs, Lestrange & Co. Elected as vice presidents were WILL LAM F. SWANSON, JR., L.A.'5o, assistant general counsel of Rockwell Standard; JOHN R. KOUNTZ, L.A.'5I, Law'54, general counsel of Rust Engineering Co.; and BENJAMIN E. THOMAS, L.A.'52, Law'57, assistant treas- urer of Crucible Steel Co. of America. MRS. IRENE GRIEVE McLENAHAN, Nurs 54, M.P.H'62, was re-elected to a second term as secretary-treasurer. She is program administrator for the cancer prevention program at Magee Woman's Hospital. Selected as new athletic committee repre- sentatiVe was EUGENE E. SILLAMAN, Engr 50, vice president and sales manager of Harris Pump & Supply Co. He will serve on the committee with the other alumni representative, DR. GEORGE F. KOWALLIS, L.A.'27, Med'3i. GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS: Presidenit, James B. Say, Bus'so; Vice Presidents, William F. Swanson, Jr. L.A.'so;John R. Kountz, L.A.'51, Law'54; Benjamin E. Thomas, L.A.'52, Law'57; Secretary- Treaswrer, Mrs. Irene Grieve McLenahan, Nur'54, M.P.H.'62; Athletic Committee Representativies, George F. Kowallis, M.D., L.A.'27, Med'3i; Eugene E. Sillaman, Engr.'o. Execiaive Secretary aind Director oj*Alitnii Activities, Fred S. Robie, Ed'4i, M.A.'49. All altitnni ivill have their first o- portuniity to ineet the Uniiversity's iiewv chancellor, Dr. Wesley Posvar, ivheni he is the Genieral Altimnii Associatioi's giiest oJ honor at the annniiial post-atne Homecoiniii q dance on Novemnber 4. The dance, to be held at Hotel Webster Hall, ivill inmediately-1 11011, the Iitt-.Syractise gaine. Mnisic ivill be provided by Bill LeRoy's orchestra. There wvill be a cash bar. All1 ahtittinii aind their friends are inivited to this aiiiiiial event. PITT TOURISTS SEE RIOT, INSURRECTION Alumni on this year's Annual Giving Fund tours of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Orient got more excitement than they bargained for when they unexpectedly found themselves as observers in some of the world's more prominent trouble spots. While the tour of the Orient saw first- hand the May riots in Hong Kong, the Eastern Mediterranean tour arrived in Greece shortly after the coup there and landed in Israel the day the United Nations troops were pulled out of Gaza. The Middle East crisis necessitated a change in plans for the alumni travelling there. The group touring Israel cut short its trip by five days when, as one alumnus explained, "Our guide was called up to his reserve unit and we realized the seriousness of the situation." The group touring the Holy Land can- celled plans to visit Jordan and returned home from Beirut three days early when the U.S. State Department advised Ameri- cans not to travel in Israel, Jordan, Syria and Egypt. The alumni visit to Israel was the oc- casion for the first Pitt alumni meeting abroad. JEROME C. BACHRACH, Bus'42, Law'5I, a former Pittsburgher now living in Haifa, Israel, arranged a cocktail party May 18 at the Tel Aviv Hilton. Some fifteen Pitt graduates in Israel spent the evening welcoming the Eastern Mediter- ranean tour members to the country and hearing news of Pitt and Pittsburgh. PHILADELPHIA CHAPTER ELECTS OFFICERS DR. PAUL H. FRIED, L.A.'35, was elected president of the Greater Philadelphia Pitt Club at the chapter spring dinner meet- ing. Other new officers are: JAMES B. TINKER, Engr'29, executive vice president; DAVID 0. GROSSMAN, L.A.'38, North Section vice president; ELLBRIDGE F. STOCKWIIL, Engr'so, East Section vice president; ROBERT MOSES, Pharm'15, West Section vice president; WILLIAM IIRRON, Bus'37, treasurer; CARRoLL MELiILRS, Bus'34, corresponding secretary; and MARJORIE BRODY MUcII- NICK, Ed'67, recording secretary. Named as committee chairmen were DESMOND J. MCTIGHE, BUS'23, Legislative Relations; DR. EMANUEL PLOUMIS, LA.'53, Alumni Schools; DR. FRANK A. WALCHAK, Ed'5, Membership and Annual Giving; MRS. MARY C. D'ORIGNY SAURBREY, L.A. $46, Job Placement of Alumni and Stu- dents; ROBERT MOSES, Pharm'i5, Program Activities and Arrangements; DAVID 0. GROSSMAN, L.A.'38, Publications and Public Relations; JAY MUCHNICK, Bus'64, '66, Membership Participation. The Philadelphia Alumni Chapter en- compasses a seven county area. ALUMNI SERVE AS REPRESENTATIVES One of the services Pitt asks of its alumni is to serve as the University's official repre- sentatives at academic functions such as inaugurations, anniversary celebrations and commencements. Those who have given their time to Pitt in this way in recent months are: LEONARD L. COHEN, M.S.W'54, More- house College; DR. ALBERT J. BRUECKEN, Med'i3, Drake University; WESLEY C. PICKARD, Engr'6i, Moravian Seminary for Girls; ARTHUR NAGEL, Bus'41, Ellen Gush- ing Junior College; DR. PAUL H. FRIED, LA.'35, Jefferson Medical College; DAVID F. ALTIMIER, Engr 39, State University of New York at 3uffalo; DR. C. H. HAGMEIER, LA.'43, Med'5o, George Fox College; ALFRIE.DA S. JOIINSEN, L.A.'64, Centenary College for Women; and PHILIP C. BOSSART, L.A.'47, M.S.'49, Susquehanna University. FALL EVENTS SCHEDULED Central Pennsylvania Pitt Club-August i I North Hills Pitt Club-September 29 Manhattan Luncheon Club-October 3 South Hills Pitt Club-October 6 Westnoreland County Pitt Club Meeting --October 13 Alumni train to Pitt-Wisconsin game- October 13, 14, 15 Pitt Club of Mahoning Valley-October 20 On-campus seminars for Alumni Schools Representatives October 20-21 I lomecoiing (Pitt-Syracuse)- November 4 Details of these events may be obtained by manl or upon request to the alumni office.
Coaches Want No Chicken Feather Salad There's a bold "New Look" in the Uni- versity's Athletic Department these days, and the results may be as successful and revealing as the fashion world's brash mini skirt. Four young, aggressive, new head coaches, representing six varsity sports, have been hired in recent months and several other youthful assistants have been named. Dave Hart, age 41, was appointed football coach. Hart immediately began assembling a youthful, forward-looking staff that has an average age of just 34. Six of his assistants are 35 or under. Then Jim Banner, age 40, was hired to coach cross- country, indoor track and outdoor track. Bill Grant, age 44, was brought in from Mt. Lebanon (Pa.) High School to take over the swinming program. And finally, in May, Dave Adams, a youthful 32, was appointed as wrestling coach. Does all this mean that Athletic Director Frank Carver is prejudiced against age and experience? Hardly. What it does mean, though, is that Pitt is recognizing the value of the public relations-conscious, salesman- type of youthful coach who is cropping up across the country among the nation's best athletic programs. Someone once said that in baseball, pitching is go percent of the game. In college athletics today, recruiting is the key. It may not be go per cent of the pro- gram, but it sure is far ahead of whatever's in second place. "You can't make chicken salad out of feathers," one coach has noted. More bluntly he could also have said, "You can't win without the great athlete. Especially in the competition that Pitt plays. You might be respectable, but you're never going to be on top." These new coaches at Pitt know this, and it is this new recruiting theme that has seemed to permeate the thoughts of the Pitt Athletic Department in recent months. Best of all, it now appears certain that the new, aggressive "Sell Pitt" approach is paying dividends. The vigorous recruiting policy is in complete accord with Chancellor Wes- ley Posvar's statement on the subject to the Faculty Senate. Dr. Posvar said that he hoped to improve the athletics program with "healthy, respectable, honest re- cruiting, with absolute insistence on NCAA rules." The incoming Fall freshman class could well be the finest group of over-all athletes that Pitt has ever known. In football Hart made a vow to recruit "the finest freshman football team that Pitt has ever had." After a disastrous 1-9 varsity season, Hart and his salesman assistants began combing Pennsylvania, New York and Ohio for the best student-athletes available. They spent endless hours in the prospects' homes, making banquet speeches and on the tele- phone. In fact, their wives and children almost became strangers. The results: "I think we accomplished what we set out to do," Hart said early this summer. Thirty-five of the finest athletes in the East have announced they will enroll at Pitt this fall. For the first time in years, Pitt was the number one topic among high school football stars. Said one southern coach, "Pitt might have the best freshman team in the country next year." Another arch-rival, Ben Schwartzwalder of Syra- cuse commented wryly, "Old Ben's just too old to compete with these new guys like they've got at Pitt. Why, heck, I like to sleep at nights. I don't think that guy Hart slept at all these past few months. He's been every place." Hart has had an excellent recruiting year, but, like Avis, he might be only number I I. Without much anfare, track coach Banner has recruited a freshman team that could probably beat the varsity tomorrow. He will have between I2 and I5 track prospects, and the suspicion grows that they could be the finest over-all group in the East. To name just a few Banner has lined up:Jerry Richey, all-time top Pennsyl- vania state high school distance star and nationally-ranked runner; Bob Kouvolo, PIAA state champ who has thrown the javelin over 235 feet, second longest high school toss in the country this year; Smitty Brown, PIAA state champ in the 440 who has run a 48.3; Bill Downes and Bill Pilconis, PIAA state champs in the hurdles; Dave Garnett, a 9.5 sprinter from New York and Mike Connell, a 9.7 sprinter also from New York; and Bryant Salter, a 6-6 high jumper. Richey, incidentally, has al- ready recorded better times in the mile (4:io.8) and two-mile (9:09.3) than the all-time Pitt varsity records. New wrestling coach Dave Adams probably did the quickest recruiting job of them all. Within two weeks after he was hired in May, Adams announced that he had lined up two state champs. Recruited for the Panther Frosh next season were: Mark Payne, 14i-pound New York state champion who was undefeated in 27 matches this year and had an over-all varsity record of98 wins in 102 bouts; and Richard "Buddy" Morris, 145-pound New Jersey state champion who had a 47-7 three-year varsity record. (Payne, incidentally, had nearly 1400 in the college boards.) Adams also has recruited several other outstanding prospects, leading Pitt wrestling fans to believe the Panthers will once again return to their role among the Eastern grappling giants. In swimming, Bill Grant made but onc statement when he was hired. "I'm not accustomed to mediocrity," Grant said bluntly. It was an understatement. In ii years as head coach at Mt. Lebanon his teams compiled a remarkable record of 136 wins and only 16 losses. Ile produced six WPIAL championship teams, four state championship teams, two Eastern Interscholastic High School championship teams, 13 high school All-Americans, eight All-American relay teams, io state cham- pions and six state champion relay teams. With one of the finest swimming fa- cilities in the country, Grant expects suc- cess to follow him to Pitt. In basketball, baseball, gymnastics and soccer, Pitt coaches are also commenting that they've had fine recruiting years. The results might not show up on the score- board next year, but you can be sure future
Pitt opponents will be able to tell the difference in the very near future. The bold "New Look" has taken over in the Athletic Department at Pitt. -DLAN BILLICK Sports Sidelights A total of nearly 70 candidates are expected to report when Hart opens Fall camp, Aug. 22, at Meadville, Pa. The Panthers will train for two weeks there before re- turning to campus... . The Pitt frosh will play a four-game schedule-Sept. 30, West Virginia at Ambridge, Pa.; Oct. 21 at Penn State; Nov. io at Ohio State, and Nov. 17 Notre Dame at home. . . . Dr. Darrell Lewis, former quarterback who helped lead Pitt to the Sugar Bowl and Gator Bowl in the '5os, has been named freshman football coach. . . . Dave Welty, Pitt's outstanding pitcher this past baseball season, led the country in ERA average with 0.32 and in strikeout average of 14.6 per nine-inning game. Pitt was 13-3 in baseball and missed the NCAA playoffs by one game.... Bob Fehrs, three-time Big io wrestling champion and three-time na- tional runner-up, has been named freshman wrestling coach. . . . Pitt's 1967 baseball team compiled a remarkable 3.24 grade point average out of a possible 4.0 during the Winter term. . . . Pitt's 1968 baseball team will travel over 3,000 miles to open the season. The Panthers will compete in the week-long Riverside National Col- legiate Baseball Tournament in Riverside, Calif. Other teams competing will be UCLA, Mississippi State, Brigham Young, Kansas and the University of California at Riverside. . . . Jim Flanigan, Pitt's 1966 football captain, has been elected to play in the College All-Star game at Chicago on Aug. 4. . . . Pitt's Spring sports teams posted an overall winning perceitage of .6oo by compiling a 27-18-1 record. Pitt Grid Schedule Downs Optimism 100-0 Every time Iitt coach Dave Iart begins to feel inclined towards optimism, he glances at the 1967 Panther football sched- ule. Automatically, the optimism begins to disappear. Last year Pitt's traditionally strong schedule was rated fourth toughest in the country. This season the ]'anthers have re- placed California and D)uke on the schedule with Wisconsin and Illinois. Hart isn't thanking the schedule maker for small favors. If it just weren't for that monstrous schedule, Hart would feel safe in smiling at least once or twice. On paper, at least, Pitt is going to be a much improved team over the one that finished 1-9 in Hart's first season as head coach last year. A total of 27 lettermen return from that team, 17 of them starters. Add to that a group of 33 freshmen who pushed the veterans right out of starting jobs during spring drills. It all sounds good but to Dave Hart the bitter memories and scars of last year's disastrous season still permeate his thoughts. Hart came to Pitt from Navy and promptly inherited one of the most inept squads in major college football. Lacking in numbers, size, speed and ability, the Panthers re- corded the worst record in Pitt history. This year Hart has much more size, speed and quantity, and much, much more ability. The question is, does he have enough to be respectable against the likes of Notre Dame, UCLA, Syracuse, Miami and Penn State, etc.? Ten defensive and seven offensive starters return to give Hart a good nucleus to build around. What makes the picture even brighter is that quite a few of these veterans will be hard pressed to hold off the sophomores from grabbing starting jobs. In fact, seven sophomores (six of them on offense) started for the Blues (first team) in the spring game. It may not be a case of weak veterans either. There are several stickout soph prospects who Hart admits 6must grow up real quickly or we'll be in trouble." Chief among them are tailback Denny Ferris (6-0, 195), wingback Joe McCain (6-0, 190), defensive ends Paul Naponick (6-5, 225) and Bob Ellis (6-2, 212), split end George Medich (6-5, 228), tight ends Rod Fedorchak (6-7, 233) and Fred Tol- hurst (6-5, 212), center Dave Magyar (6-3, 218), offensive tackle Dave Mancuso (6-4, 205), offensive guard Warren Allen (6-I, 190) and tailback Gary Cramer (s-io, 192). Among the veterans, stickout per- formances are needed from middle guard Greg Keller (6-3, 220), split end Bob Longo, (6-4, 212), defensive tackle Dave )rake (6-2, 228) and fullback Mike Raklc- wicz (S-11, 212). Keller and Longo could be among the best in their respective positions in the country, while Drake and Raklewicz must rate All-East consideration. All in all, Pitt fans realize Hart is still i year away from producing a winner. The rebuilding program has a year under its belt, though, and Panther opponents are going to find a much improved Pitt team this year. How many games can Pitt win? Look again at the schedule, and start counting. Use one hand. 1967 PITT FOOTBALL SCHEDULE KICKOFF TIME HOME GAMES 1:30 P.M. Sept. 23 UCLA....... Home Sept. 30 Illinois ......Away Oct. 7 West Virginia Away Oct. 14 Wisconsin .... Away Oct. 21 Miami...... Home Oct. 28 Navy ....... Home Nov. 4 Syracuse.... Home Nov. 11 Notre Dame ..Home Nov. 18 Army........ Home Nov. 25 Penn State ....Away This Fall The Mascot will be 'For Real' When you stroll into Pitt Stadium this Fall and hear the roar of a live Panther, don't rush for the nearest exit. The Beaver County Pitt Club an- nounced earlier this Summer that it plans to present the University with a live Panther mascot. All the arrange- ments for the project have not been worked out, but the Club hopes to unveil the P)anther during the first home football game, Sept. 23 against UCLA. The P'anther will be purchased from proceeds of the football game to be played Sept. 30 at Ambridge, Pa., between the frosh squads of P'itt and West Virginia. Arrangements are being made to keep the animal at the Pittsburgh Zoo. It will be displayed in a huge, glass cage during all home football games. The idea for a live Panther is similir to the one at Louisiana State University where a live Tiger has been rcigning over football festivities for the past 30 years.
PEOPLE WE KNOW GRADUATE GENEVIEVE BLATT, S.S.'34, L.A.'33, L'37, has been named by President Johnson to be assistant director of the federal antipoverty unit, the U.S. Office of Economic Op- portunity. The longtime Pennsylvania politician and public official will be par- ticularly concerned with the problems of the elderly poor.... C. STANTON BELFOUR, S.S.'36, L.A.'28, was the recipient of a doctor of humane letters degree at Thiel College. He is a Pittsburgh foundation director and philanthropist. DR. MORLEY J. MAYS, 11'36, has been formally inaugurated as the tenth president of Elizabethtown (Pa.) College. Ile has been serving is Dean and Vice President for Academic Affiirs atJuniata College... JOHN J. ALDiN, S.W.'4i, h.Is been ap- pointed chief of social services at Juvenile Court, Cleveland, 0. LIc will retain the post of chief probation officer. ANNABILE K. (GuNNTT, SW.'44, L.A. 37, has been appointed as a member of the social service staff of the Tressler Lutheran Home for Children, Mechanicsburg, Pa. She has been supervisor of the Children's Division of the Family and Children's Service of Blair County. ... WILLIAM B. BUFFMAN, H'47, has been named the new No. 2 man in the U.S. mission to the United Nations. He has spent 18 of his 45 years as a foreign service officer. RICHARD I. EVANS, N.S.'47, L.A.'46, has completed his new book, Dialompiie fVJitt Erik Erikson, which will be published by Harper & Row. This is his third book.... JOHN H. COLBAUGH, S.S.'49, L.A.'47, has been named chairman of the faculty of liberal arts and sciences at Point Park College, Pittsburgh. He is on the evaluating committee of the Middle States Association of Colleges. RuTHi E. SMALLY, M.S.W.'49, has re- cently authored the book Ticory For Social [Vork Practice, published by Columbia Uni- versity Press. . . . VINCENT P). BODiiL, S.S.'5o, has been appointed assistant di- vision controller of the Vesta-Shannopin Coal Division, Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. He was formerly supervisor of property accounting at J&L's Aliquippa Works..... BiRNARD A. DLITZER, S.S.'5o, has been appointed associate professor of management of Akron University. EDWARD B. STEWART, S.S.'5o, L.A.'42, has been named elementary principal of three schools in the Castle Shannon (Pa.) area of Keystone Oaks School District. He has been elementary principal of Avella Area Schools for nearly eight years. DR. ANIHONY W. MORENO, 1-153, has been promoted to full professor at Wash- ington & Jefferson College, Washington, Pa., where he teaches languages. TtOMAs E. MORGAN, 1154, has been awarded the 1966 Golden Quill Award for creating and producing 'the most out- standing public relations program in Western Pennsylvania.' le is a senior vice president of Sykes Advertising, Inc., and president of Chathaim Communications, Inc. . . . DR. RALPH L. TilOMAS, S.S.'5, 1 61, has recently authored a book entitled Policiw L ;erlysii, Corpvate (i'in,o. Ile is professor of economics at California State College. JOiN LOFON, S.S.'_S6, haIs just re,ilized the second printing of his bookjiistice aid the 11ress by Beacon Press, loston. SAMULmJ. ROGAL, H'6o, has written a book entitled T'eaclisi Coum1'o itimm ini the scn'iior IIiiJi Scool, to be published by Littlefield, Adams and Co., Totowas, N. J. Ile is as- sistant professor of English and director of
the freshman English program at State University College at Oswego, N. Y. WILLIAM A. KENNEDY, S.W.'62, has been named director of sociai science for the Greater I Iartford Council of Churches. He is a field worker with the Boston City Missionary Society .... RICIARn J. NOR- wooD, S.W.'64, has been appointed Beaver County Mental Hygiene Clinic psychi.itric and social worker. lie spent two and one-half years at the Youth Develop- ment Center in Canonsburg, Ila. MICHAIL L. COMINI, S.S.'6 , has been named executive director of the Health and Welfare Council of Beaver County, Pa. He has been serving as a staff social worker at Torrance State Ilospital. BUSINESS ALAN DETWiILLR'25, has been elected a vice president of Globe Furniture Co., High Point, N. C. He will remain active in the operations of Continental Furniture Co., which became a part of Globe last December.... )ONALD B. INGOLi)'33, has been appointed general manager of the Peoria & Eastern Railway, an affiliate of the New York Central Systen, with head- quarters in Indianapolis. JOHN W. DLcvINL'36, has joined the Gerber Scientific Instrument Co. as vice president of finance. He has been president of his own management firm, J. W. De- vine Associates. . . . HARvEY C. VoGT'38, has been named plant personnel director at the Fisher Body plant, Hamilton, C., of the General Motors Corp. WILBUR L. WRIGHT'47, 155, has been advanced to chief executive officer of The First National Bank of Elkhart County, Ind. He has been president of the bank since 1965.... JOHN E. IHARTMAN'48, has been appointed assistant to the director of marketing communications by Westing- house Electric Corp. FRANZ Jos Ki;MINY'48, has been named manager of the Rate and Research )ivision, Equitable Gas Co.... TIIx.OMAS R. MoOi 48, 153, has been ap- 4.-v pointed controller for the Engineering Works IDivision of Dravo Corporation, Pittsbur,,h, in its cor- porate financial de- M1r. Moore partient. I c as been with the company since 1948. DONALD i. MORITZ'48, L'5I, has been appointed assistant to the president of Equitable Gas Co. He has been with the company Since 1952.... PAUL f IERMANN 49, 'So, has been elected treasurer of The Globe Brick Co., Newell, W. Va. JOHN B. MITCIILLL, JR'49, has been ap- pointed superintendent of the 84-inch hot strip mill at Gary Sheet & Tin Works. He has been with the company since 1964... FRANCIS H. CONRAD,JR. 50, has been named assistant secretary of Schinnerer & Co., Inc. He has been with the company since 1956. JACK G. CROCKLTT'50, has been named to head a newly-formed new products de- partment in the Ralston Purina Company's Grocery Products Di- vision. He will be responsible for the screening of new gro- cery product ideas originating both within and outside the conipany. ROBLRT IP. NEW- Mr. Newcomer COMLR5 i, has been appointed director of marketing for the Consumer Products Division of Calgon Corp. He will be responsible for all market- ing activities, including sales, advertisin, and product promotion for the division. EDwARD P. ROBINSON'5i, L.A.'o, P 1I 60, has been appointed by the Board of Directors of the Munster Medical Research Foundation as the executive director of the Community Hospital, a new, non-profit, non-sectarian, general community hospital in Munster, Ind. . . . MATIIIIW JOHN LAWLOR'61, has been appointed to the new position of director of labor relations for Crucible Steel Co. Hie joied Crucible in 1959 as contract administration repre- sentative. JOHN ANDREIW CUNNINGIIAM'52, has been appointed manager of industry marketing communications of Westing- house Electric Corp. ... WILLIAM H. EISINGER'60, has been appointed executive secretary of the Greene County branch of the Pennsylvania Economy Lea,,uc. WILLIAM R. EARLLY'02, ha'is been pro- mnoted to assistant cashier .ind mlainager at Pleasant Iills in the Commnunity Banking Department of Western Pennsylvanili National Bank .... CIIARLLS I). I'LTITON'62, has been appointed assistant district traffic superintendent in I Iarrisburg for the Bell Telephone Co. lie h,ad been serving as planning engineer in Altoona, Pa. LAW EDWIN B. GOLDSMITH'i6, has been elected president of the Chartiers Valley Savings & Loan Assn., Carnegie, Pa. He is a mem- ber of the Allegheny County IBar Assn. ROBERT B. EBERLE, JR.'40, has been elected to the additional capacity of secre- tary of the Globe Brick Co., Newell, W. Va. He is vice president of finance and ad ininistration. VIRGINIA D. MURRIN'43, has been elected president of the County Bar Assn., Butler, Pa. She and her brother operate the law firm of Murrin and Murrin. . . . GEORGE B. ANGLvINi48, has been named vice president-industrial relations for National Steel Corp. He will continue to serve as secretary of the corporation. ... WILLIAM M. HOILES'65, has been appointed ad- ininistrative assistant to Attorney General William B. Saxbe, Alliance, 0. EDUCATION HARRY B. HLFLIN'42, who has been serving as vice-president for the administration and finance since October of 1964, at West Virginia University, assumed the position of acting president for that institution.... THOMPSON H. EVERINGHAM'51, H'56, has been appointed advertising man.ger of Bacharach Instrument Co., division of American Bosch Anna Corp. Hle had been the company's advertising coordinator for two years. JOSEPH ANTHONY NAJIWIcz'52, has joined the Fox Grocery Co. as director of operations of the wholesale company's Belle Vernon Division. . . . ROBERT R. WAGONER, M.Ed'53, has been elected ele- mnentary school principal by Monaca Borough School Board. He hs been serv- ing in a similar capacity in the Southern Beaver County Joint School District. MRS. BERthA BLAU, M.Ed'56, has been named assistant principal of Erie East High School where she has been an instructor of mathematics and Engish for the past five years .... JON LINTON, M.Ed's6, has been niianed assistant professor, industrial arts, at California State College. Ile had been head of the industrial arts dep.rtment and swim- ming coach at Norwin High School. [ARRY F. HILL, M.Ed'57, principal for the past 1o years at United I gh School, New Florence, Pa., has been nunicd area coordinaitor of business education at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania. He
also was appointed to the university staff as an assistant professor. . . . REV. DAVID D. MELLON, M.Ed'6o, has been installed by the Council of Churches of Greater Trenton as the executive secretary at the First Methodist Church of Trenton. FLORENCE WARIFEL'60, has been selected to receive the 1967 Cambria County (Pa.) Good Teaching Award. She teaches honors classes in mathematics at the GreaterJohns- town High School. . . . ALFRED HAROLD IVELL, M.Ed'66, has been awarded the 1966 Van Essen Award for humanitarian service. He is the rehabilitation director at Beaver County Home and Hospital. LIBERAL ARTS CHARLES R. MITCHELL, JR.'28, has been elected president of the Wallingford Steel Company. He became executive vice president of the company in January of this year and has been with the company since 193.... DR. RALPH F. GAROFALO'30, has been chosen as "Citizen of the Year" by the Brownsville (Pa.) Jaycees. He has been a practicing physician in Brownsville for 30 years. LINDLEY R. MCCLELLAND'38, has been appointed by Pennsylvania Gov. Raymond P. Shafer to the interim post of judge of the Erie County Court of Common Pleas. He was named district attorney of Erie County in January 1966. . . . DR. HARRY C. KIRIAS'46, has been named clinical di- rector of medicine at White Haven State School and Hospital. ROBERT V. BYERS'48, has been named assistant installment loan officer in the Credit Policy Department of Mellon National Bank and Trust Co.... AARON KROCHMAL'48, has been appointed account supervisor in the Consumer Advertising Division of Lando Inc. He was previously vice president of Feldman and Kahn, Inc. KENNETH R. RoONEY'5o, has been named purchasing agent for the Rockwell Manu- facturing Co. ofJack- son, Tenn. He joined Rockwell in January 1966 as senior buyer. WILLIAM F. SWANSON, JR.'SO, has joined the Law De- partment of Rock- well-Standard Corp. Mr. Siiason as assistant general counsel. He previously was assistant counsel at PPG Industries. THOMAS D. MANSFIELD'52, assistant to the publisher, The Daily News, McKees- port, Pa., was named publisher and a member of the Board of Directors. DONALD A. POLAND'53, has been named manager of stockholder relations for West- inghouse Electric Corp. He has been serving as supervisor of public relations. ROBERT A. LAPIDUS'54, has been ap- pointed a district manager for The Equi- table Life Assurance Society of the U.S. He is a member of the society's Frank Hill Agency. . . . WILLIAM C. STOCKDALE'55, has been elected a vice president of Darcy Associates, Inc., counselors in business communications and public relations. He joined the company in 1964 and was previously an account supervisor. DAVID A. CURRENCE'56, has been pro- moted to operations officer in the Oper- ations Department of The Western Pennsylvania National Bank. ... JAMES J. JOHNSTON, JR.'57, has been appointed dis- trict manager of Mantzaris International, Inc. He will be responsible for operation, sales and training. . . . MARIAN MLAY MCCARNEY'57, has been appointed Field Management Officer of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Wash- ington, D. C. DAVID A. KRONSTAIN'59, has joined Calgon Corp. as a buyer. He will be re- sponsible for capital equipment purchases. JOSEPH D. KERRIGAN'6i, has been named information director for the American Transit Assn. He formerly was assistant public information director for the General Building Contractors Assn. .. JOHN F. LLCKWART'62, has been awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Western Reserve University, Cleveland. He is coordinator, social psychology at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Brecks- ville, 0., and a part-time instructor at Cleveland State University. KATHERINE E. EDWARDS'64, a former fashion copywriter for Penn Traffic Co., has joined Goldman, Shoop & Rothchild, Inc. as a public relations staff assistant.... CHARLES HORVAT, JR.'66, was appointed supervisor of building 48, marine and fabrication & weld stores of Elliott Co. HENRY HAHN HUBER'62, has been ap- pointed associate manager of market re- search for the H. J. Heinz Co. tie joined Heinz in 1962 as a junior market research analyst.... THOMAS PATRICK MCCLAIN'63, has been promoted to district sales manager for the Reuben H. Donnelley Telephone )irectory Co.i... PIFR J. KOPi'iPL'64, h.ms been appointed manager of facility plan- ning and control at Westinghouse Electric Corp's Nuclear Fuel Division in Cheswick, Pa. JAMES HUGH SHIELDS'64, has been pro- moted to assistant cashier and manager of the Clark Building office, Western Pennsyl- vania National Bank's Community Bank- ing Department. . . . WILLIAM E. ALBITZ II'65, has been elected assistant cashier, Retail Banking Division, Pittsburgh Na- tional Bank. He joined the bank in 1952 as a proof clerk in the East Liberty office. ENGINEERING JOHN F. CAROLUS'36, has been named as- sistant superintendent of electrical equip- ment for Pennsylvania Electric Company's Eastern Division. He has been serving as supervisor of electrical equipment since 1964.... DR. SEYMOUR W. HERWALD'40, 44' vice president and general manager of the electronic components and specialty products group, Westinghouse Electric Corp., was elected a member of the Na- tional Academy of Engineering and cited for his work on the theory and develop- ment of servomechanism systems. WILLIAM P. SMITH'4I, has been named Pittsburgh Works manager of Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. He has been serving as Aliquippa assistant works manager.... JAMES CUMPSON'43, has been promoted to the position of manager of production control of Mosler. SYDNEY ROBBINS'43, has been named to the newly-created position of vice presi- dent-manufacturing for Polymer Industries Inc. He will be in charge of manufacturing operations and engineering.... HENRY C. BRAMLR'48, '53, '55, '6o, has been elected vice president of Cyrus Wi. Rice & Co., Pgh. He was formerly senior engineer of the firm. DENNIS D. MIcKLESON'48, has been ap- pointed director, costs, in the Controller's Division of Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. lie has been works controller, Bracken- ridge Works of Allegheny Ludlum since 1950.... VIcTOR A. OWOC'48, has been elected a vice president of Ohio Edison Co. lie will have supervision over data pro- cessing, administrative services and tax departments and be in charge of economic studies. EDWARD 1'. CZYZ'50, has been appointed assistant to the superintendent, mechanical department ofJohnstown Plant, Bethlehen' Steel Corp.... ROBIRT J. I-ARliAUGIH'50, has been promoted to supcrvisor-Co-
ordinating center of the Production Plan- ning and Control Department of Elliott Co. GORDON MARKLL'50, has been named an assistant vice president in Pittsburgh Na- tional Bank's Trust Division. He has been with the bank since 1962.... DR. RICHARD S. MATIFR'50, has been named manager of research in the engineering department at Union Carbide's Stellite Division. He had been serving as professor of metallurgy and head of the Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering at the Uni- versity of Kentucky. JOSEPH A. CAMPBsELL'5 , has been pro- moted to the position of product manager, insulating fire brick and refractory prod- ucts for the Industrial Insulations Division of Johns-M anville. He has been with the company since 1952. . . . NORMAN B. EBERTS'5 I, has been named as construction coordinator, construction section, Trans- mission and Distribution Department, Duquesne Light Co. DR. JOSEPH E. WARREN'51, has been promoted to director, exploration and production department, Gulf Research & Development Co. He was formerly di- rector of the production division. ... NICK GEORGE ATHFNS'52, has been promoted to chief design engineer for Kaiser Engineers' Pittsburgh design office. RALPH W. CONRAD'52, formerly super- intendent of the Shawville Generating Station, has been named superintendent of the Keystone Station, Pennsylvania Elec- tric Company.... JOHN A. JACOBS'52, has been promoted to president of M. S. Jacobs & Associates, Inc. He is also presi- dent of two other firms, Consyse, Inc., and Associated Control Equipment, Inc. ROBERT N. HODGSON'54 surprised many people including Professor Paul F. Fulton, head of the Petroleum Engineering Option, and Mrs. Robert Hodgson, his mother, by appearing as the center spread in the June ioth SATURDAY REVIEW. He was featured in a series of advertisements highlighting people with unusual or un- expected backgrounds working for IBM. Hodgson is a geological engineer. ROBERT L. REESE'55, was elected an as- sistant secretary in Pittsburgh National Bank's Trust Division. He joined the bank in 1956.... JOHN R. BLOUGHu'6o, hasjoined the staff of Works Seven, PPG Industries, Inc. as a project engineer in the engineering department. . . . WILLIAM J. CAuLEY'6o, has been named supervisor-physical metal- lurgy and claims, at U. S Steel's Duquesne (Pa.) Works. VINCENT S. SACCONE'6o, has been ad- vanced to assistant general foreman, 13- inch and 14-inch mills, at the Johnstown Plant, Bethlehem Steel Corp. He had been serving as turn foreman, manufacturing shops, since 1966.... EDWIN E. HODGESS, JR.'62, was promoted to assistant super- intendent of melting and blooming in the Steel Mill Department of The Babcock & Wilcox Co., Tubular Products Division. He has been with the company since 1964. HEALTH PROFESSIONS DR. ROSE FELD, D'31, L.A.'3I, has been named regional dental consultant for the Pennsylvania Department of Health's Re- gion III, which covers counties in North- western Pennsylvania.... MRS. DIANE F. NEY, N'46, '5o, has been appointed co- ordinator of nursing at the Community College's Allegheny Campus. ELIZABETH MATTERN, N'47, has been named associate director of nursing at DEATHS ALEXANDER F. TRIMBLE, Engr'97 JOHN H. PHILLIPS, Pharm'oo REV. CLYDE E. M. CUPELAND, L.A.'o4 OLIVER N. MOSSETT, Pharm'o6 NORBERT F. ROCK, Med'o9 REX H. LINDLEY, Law'io T. L. HAZLETT, Med'i2 ALFONSE AIELLO, L.A.'16, Med'i8 CALVIN C. CAIN, Dent'i6 WALTER H. AUFDERHEIDE, SR., Bus'i8 RICHARD PAUL NICHOLLS, Engr'i8 R. CLAIR ASHBAUGH, Bus'i9 MAURICE FINKELPEARL, Bus'I9 DAN R. LOUGHREY, Engr'2o MORRIS L. SILBERBLATT, L.A. 20, Law'23 MARGARET MCCLURE, Ed'2I MARTHA CROCKETT HALL, L.A.'2I JAMES BOYD WALLACE, L.A.'2I, Law'23 WILLIAM B. PORTER, Pharm'22 JOSEPH TEX, Pharm'22 LEONARD J. CRANDALL, Engr'23 GEORGE C. STAMM, Pharm'23 MRS. MILDRED STEGEMAN, L.A.'23 HARRY BERGER, L.A.'25 ARTHUR H. EDELSTEIN, BUS'25 DR. J. CHARLES HARRISON, Dent'25 WILLIAM M. MCCLURE, Bus'25 GEORGE T. SMITH, Engr'25 WILLIAM H. KNOX, BUS'26 CHARLES FRANK WILLY, BuS'26 SIMON GOLD, Dent'27 Lewistown (Pa.) Hospital. She has been assistant nursing director at East Orange General Hospital since 195 1.... HELEN M. SANTILLO, N'53, has been hired by Com- munity College of Beaver County (Pa.) to coordinate the licensed practical nurse's training program the college has taken over from Ambridge Area School District. DR. J. DONALD HENSLER, D'55, has been elected president of the Blair County (Pa.) Dental Society. He is a director of the Blair County unit, American Cancer Society, and active on the staffs of the Al- toona, Mercy, Nason and Tyrone Hospi- tals, as well as the J. C. Blair Memorial Hospital in Huntingdon, and is a con- sultant at the Altoona Veterans Hospital. EDWARD B. JONES, PH'56, has been named administrator of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He is a former vice chancellor for health professions at Pitt.... ELEANOR ZULICK, N'62, has been named supervisor of the Visiting Nurse Association of Youngstown, 0. EMMA HANDLOSER, Ed'27, '30 CHARLES EDWIN MARSH, Ed'27, '35 JOEL PER. L.A.'26, Law'29 JOSEPH EDMUND Ricci, L.A.'30 W. HOMER SNODGRASS, L.A.'32 CHARLES W. ALCOTT, Pharm'3 I BENJAMIN SCHWARTZ, L.A.'3I DR. JOHN A. ALLARD, Ed'34, '45 ROSWELL H. JOHNSON, SS'34 MARTIN A. COWAN, Bus'35 ANNA MARIE WHITE, M.Ed'35 JOHN C. MELASSONOS, Ed'36, Med'4 WILLIAM Y. BELL, JR., MSW'38 THOMAS THEODORE CHARLTON, Ed'38, '50 DAVID MORGAN JENKINS, L.A.'38 DR. KENNETH F. WERTMAN, L.A.'39, NS'41, 47 REV. CLARK S. DERBY, M.Ed'40 ETHEL H. BLAIR, Ed'4I LEONARD W. HIMES M.Ed'42 PAUL JULIUS TURCO, Pharm'49 EDWARD H. SARGENT, Pharm'42 NICHOLAS A. TORONTO, Pharm'42 MILES WALTER STONE, Engr'49, Bus'63 ANDREW MITCHELL, L.A.'5o ROBERT B. DICKMAN, Bus'5i JACK G. LEIB, Ed'52, '56 MICHAEL G. SANDULAK, Bus'53 MRS. ROBERT F. GAYNLS, M.Ed'56 PHILIP A. NEAL, Ed'6o HENRY B. ZAWACKI, PH'62 MARTIN J. MICHELOSEN, Pharm'67 X, iO
PITT 4200 Fifth Avenue Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 Second -Class postage paid at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania KLTF SALISBILRY 4614 FIFT1 AVE PITTSH[JRGF 13 PENNSYLVANIA 15213 MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTIONS: 5o TO 1 MILLION DOLLARS If this is the first issue of Pitt Magazine you have seen in a year, we are genuinely sorry. The editors' own obsequious search for affec- tion and approval would impel them to send the publication to every alumnus and friend every time it appears, which is quarterly. But calmer heads have ruled that we will carry an alumnus on the subscription rolls for five years after he grad- uates and then, unless he has shown some evi- dence of interest, he will get only one of the four issues each year-like a gentle tap on the shoul- der to remind him of our unrequited esteem. "Evidence of interest" could be a donation to the Annual Giving Fund of one, ten, a thousand, or a million dollars. Or, if the truth be known, it could cost no more than a five-cent letter to the Alumni Office, 305 Schenley Hall, saying "Send Pitt." (Be sure to enclose an address so we know where to send it.) We think that's rather reasonable as subscrip- tions go. And to make things even easier, we're including alongside this message a small, tear-out version of an Annual Giving Fund pledge card which we, at this point, urge you to tear out and send in while the notion is fresh in your mind. Incidentally, with each million dollar subscrip tion we get, the editor is available in person to make home deliveries. - - - - - - - - - - 1 hImANNUAL GIVING FUND I Eniversity of Pittsburgh 506 Bruce Hall G P M Pittsburgh, Pa. 15E213 I would like to make a gift of $ (Check enclosed) E I would like to make a pledge of $ Please send payment plan information. (Use space below for name and address) I I I I - ___?