Summary Information
Title: Christopher Gist's Journals by William M. Darlington
Collection Number: DAR.1925.14
Creator: Darlington, William M. (William McCullough), 1815-1889

Collection Dates: 1882-1893
Extent: 0.92 linear feet (1 box and 2 oversized boxes)

Language: English

Abstract:
This collection primarily contains manuscript drafts of William Darlington's book, Christopher Gist's Journals, published posthumously in 1893 by J.R. Weldin & Co. in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Included are many handwritten research notes, manuscript drafts, a partial galley proof, and several printing plates of the maps used in the publication. A digitized version of the published Christopher Gist's Journals can be found online at the Internet Archive website (http://www.archive.org/details/christophergists00gistuoft). Digital reproductions of the collection are available electronically by following the respective "Digitized Folder Contents" links within the finding aid.
Publisher:

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-3232
archives-ref@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

August 2008
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Matt Gorzalski.
Revision Description:
November 2009:
Revised by Ed Galloway. Controlled access terms revised (dar)

History

William M. Darlington (1815-1889), a Pittsburgh lawyer and avid collector of western Pennsylvanian history, took special interest in the Ohio Company. The Ohio Company was responsible for the exploration and settlement of the Ohio Territory, as well as parts of West Virginia and Pennsylvania. In 1876, Darlington purchased material relating to the Ohio Company, which included a manuscript copy of the journal created by Christopher Gist, the surveyor hired by the Ohio Company to explore the Ohio Territory and negotiate treaties with the Indians in the early 1750s. Darlington also obtained (or commissioned) a bound copy to be made of the journal. (Both journal copies can be found in the Ohio Company Papers (dar192502)). Gist recorded his daily activities and interactions with American Indian tribes and provided the British Crown with the first detailed description of the Ohio Territory. Gist also represented the Ohio Company at the Conference at Loggstown in 1752, which allowed for colonial settlement southeast of the Ohio River. Darlington compiled and edited Gist's journals as Christopher Gist's Journals, published posthumously in 1893 by J.R. Weldin & Co. in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is believed that Darlington's widow, Mary Carson O'Hara Darlington, completed the manuscript after her husband's death in 1889.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

This collection primarily contains manuscript drafts of William Darlington's book, Christopher Gist's Journals, published posthumously in 1893 by J.R. Weldin & Co. in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Included are Darlington's notes on Gist's journals as well as research notes, manuscript drafts, and several printing plates of the maps used in the publication. A small portion of the book's galley proofs (i.e., a typed preliminary version of the final publication) is also present. The materials in this collection are mostly undated, but believed to have been created in the late nineteenth century presumably by Darlington or his wife between 1882 and 1893. The material has been organized to reflect the table of contents in the publication.

The journals of Christopher Gist reflect the surveyor's experiences and observations while exploring the Ohio Territory in the early 1750s. They provide a unique record of early interactions with Native Americans during this period of British expansion that precipitated the French and Indian War. Notes relating to Andrew Montour, an interpreter and negotiator in the Virginia and Pennsylvania frontiers during the 1750s and 1760s, as well as material documenting the Conference at Loggstown, are included. It is important to note that related material can found in the Ohio Company Papers (dar192502), specifically a manuscript copy of Gist's first and second journals believed to have been copied by John Mercer.

A digitized version of the published Christopher Gist's Journals can be found online at the Internet Archive website (http://www.archive.org/details/christophergists00gistuoft).


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Historians
  • Virginia -- History -- 18th Century

Corporate Names
  • Ohio Company (1747-1779).

Personal Names
  • Darlington, William M. (William McCullough), 1815-1889
  • Gist, Christopher, d. 1759
  • Montour, Andrew, 1700-1763

Locations
  • Ohio -- History -- 18th century
  • Ohio River Valley -- Discovery and exploration
  • Pennsylvania, Western -- History -- 18th century
  • United States -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
  • West Virginia -- History -- 18th century

Occupations
  • Explorers
  • Surveyors

Genres/Forms
  • Galley proofs
  • Manuscripts (Document genre)
  • Printing plates
  • Research notes

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Part of the original donation of William M. Darlington’s family library to the University of Pittsburgh in 1918 and 1925 by his daughters, Edith Darlington Ammon and Mary Carson Darlington.

Alternate Format:

Digital reproductions of the collection are available electronically by following the respective "Digitized Folder Contents" links within the finding aid.

Custodial History:

This collection was located in the Darlington Memorial Library in the University’s Cathedral of Learning until 2007 when it was moved to the ULS Archives Service Center for processing, storage, preservation and service. However, it remains in the custodianship of the ULS Special Collections Department.

Preferred Citation:

Christopher Gist's Journals by William M. Darlington, 1882-1893, DAR.1925.14, Darlington Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Matt Gorzalski in August 2008.

Copyright:

No copyright restrictions.

Related Material:

Darlington Family Papers, 1753-1921, DAR.1925.01, Darlington Memorial Library, University of Pittsburgh

Ohio Company Papers, 1736-1813, DAR.1925.02, Darlington Memorial Library, University of Pittsburgh

Bibliography:

  • Christopher Gist's journals: with historical, geographical and ethnological notes and biographies of his contemporaries by William M. Darlington (J.R. Weldin, Pittsburgh: 1893). Accessible online at the Internet Archive website: http://www.archive.org/details/christophergists00gistuoft.


Collection Inventory

Box 1
Folders 1 Copies of Letters (1768-1776), 1882-1893
Folders 2 Ensign Ward's Deposition (1756), 1882-1893
Folders 3-8 Introductory Memoir, 1882-1893
Folders 9 Manuscript Draft, 1882-1893
Folders 10 Notes, 1882-1893
Folders 11 Notes on Colonel Thomas Cresap, 1882-1893
Folders 12 Notes on Dr. Thomas Walker, 1882-1893
Folders 13 Notes on Early Travels, Gist's Journals, 1882-1893
Folders 14 Notes General James Grant and Samuel Wharton, 1882-1893
Folders 15 Notes on George Boone, 1882-1893
Folders 16 Notes on George Croghan, 1882-1893
Folders 17-18 Notes on the Ohio Company, 1882-1893
Folders 19-22 Notes to Gist's First Journal (1750-51), 1882-1893

Box 2
Folders 1-3 Notes to Gist's Second Journal (1751-52), 1882-1893
Folders 4 Scheme for a New Settlement, 1882-1893
Folders 5 The Montours, 1882-1893
Folders 6 Typewritten Draft, Gist's Journal (1753-54), 1882-1893
Folders 7 Walpole Grant, 1882-1893

Box 3
Oversize 1 Galley Proofs, ca. 1893
Oversize 2 Galley Proofs, ca. 1893

Box 4
Oversize 1 Map Printing Plates, ca. 1893