Summary Information
Title: Monongahela Railway Company Photograph Collection
Collection Number: AIS.2009.07
Creator: Monongahela Railway Company.

Collection Dates: 1903-1993
Extent: 9470.0 items (Photographic negatives, prints, and photographer's log books)

Language: English

Abstract:
The Monongahela Railway Company Photograph Collection is comprised of photographic negatives ranging in size from 3x5 to 8x10, associated photographer’s log books and indices, as well as a limited number of gelatin silver prints. Images date between 1903 and 1993. Little information about the photographers exists; however, Charles Keibler and G. H. Burnette have been identified as being photographers employed by the railroad.
Publisher:

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-3232
archives-ref@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

May 2012
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Katherine Barbera, Ian Baran, Erin Byrne, Ian McGlory, Tim Notari, Nickie Puit, Sadie Roosa, Steve Tehovnick, and Kate Wilson.
History

The Monongahela Railroad (MRR) was a joint enterprise of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad (P&LE) and the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and used for coal transportation throughout southwestern Pennsylvania and northern West Virginia. In 1927, the Baltimore and Ohio Railway (B&O) purchased a share of the Monongahela Railroad. This made them a partner in the Monongahela Railroad until its sale and absorption into the Conrail Corporation (CR) in 1993. In 1915, while still owned by the PL&E, PRR, the Monongahela Railroad consolidated with the Buckhannon & Northern Railroad forming the Monongahela Railway Company (MRY).


Biography

David E. Gratz served as superintendent of the Monongahela Railway Company from March 1, 1974 to October 1988. Prior to the railway’s merger with Conrail in May of 1993, he served as the Director of Real Estate and Labor Relations. He was instrumental during the restructuring process that separated the MRY from the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad (the remaining partners being the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad). In September of 1990, Gratz purchased the photographic library that documented the construction and operation of the railway and the accompanying indexes from the railroad. Gratz maintained and indexed the collection, which consisted of over 11,000 gelatin dry plate negatives, cellulose nitrate sheet film negatives, cellulose acetate sheet film negatives, and gelatin silver prints until its donation to the Archives Service Center at the University of Pittsburgh in 2009.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

The Monongahela Railway Company Photograph Collection is comprised of photographic negatives, associated photographer’s log books and indices, and a limited number of gelatin silver prints. The photographs, spanning the dates 1903-1993, were produced on spec for the Monongahela Railroad and the succeeding Monongahela Railway Company (MRY). The collection documents company property, buildings, railroad bridge construction, railroad equipment, railroad employees, railroad accidents and incidents, flooding and flood damage, as well as the surrounding municipalities of southwestern Pennsylvania and northern West Virginia where the railroad operated. Some specific examples include the 1909 construction of the never-used Rush Run branch of the railroad, the 1912 construction of the New Geneva Bridge across the Monongahela River, and a thorough documentation of MRY’s railway signal towers in 1917.


Arrangement

The items are currently arranged by the index number originally assigned to the image by the photographer. In most cases, this also represents chronological order. In earlier portions of the collection the numbers sometimes overlap. In this instance items are also arranged chronologically by year. The items were not separated and arranged by series; rather a conscious decision was made to provide potential series as subject headings and keywords.


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Coal mines and mining -- Photographs
  • Dwellings -- Photographs
  • Farm buildings -- Photographs
  • Industrial buildings -- Photographs
  • Industrial housing -- Photographs
  • Monongalia County (W. Va.)
  • Railroad accidents -- Photographs
  • Railroad bridges -- Photographs
  • Railroad stations -- Photographs
  • Railroad trains -- Photographs

Corporate Names
  • Buckhannon and Northern Railroad Company.
  • Chicago and North Western Railway Company.
  • Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railway Company.
  • Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton Railroad Company.
  • Connellsville and Monongahela Railway Company.
  • Connellsville and Monongahela Railway. Dunlap Creek Junction.
  • Crucible Coal Company.
  • Monongahela Railroad.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Big Meadow Run Yard.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Brownsville Junction.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Brownsville Station.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Jacobs Ferry Station.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Paw Paw Branch.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. Rush Run Branch.
  • Monongahela Railway Company. South Brownsville Yard and Shops.
  • Monongahela Railway Company.
  • New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company.
  • Pennsylvania Railroad. West Brownsville Yard.
  • Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad Company.
  • Québec, Montréal, and Southern Railway.
  • Scotts Run Railway.

Locations
  • Adah (Pa.)
  • Allison (Pa.)
  • Antram Run (Pa.)
  • Arensburg (Pa.)
  • Beallsville (Pa.)
  • Brave (Pa.)
  • Brave Station (Pa.)
  • Brownsville (Pa.)
  • Connellsville (Pa.)
  • Dunkard (Pa. : Township)
  • East Millsboro (Pa.)
  • East Riverside (Pa.)
  • Fairmont (W. Va.)
  • Fairview (Marion County, W. Va.)
  • Fayette County (Pa.)
  • Fredericktown (Pa.)
  • Gallatin (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Gates (Pa.)
  • Georges Creek (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Grays Landing (Pa.)
  • Greene County (Pa.)
  • Huron (Pa.)
  • Isabella (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • La Belle (Pa.)
  • Leckrone (Pa.)
  • Luzerne (Fayette County, Pa. : Township)
  • Maidsville (W. Va.)
  • Marion County (W. Va.)
  • Martin (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Masontown (Pa.)
  • Maxwell (Pa.)
  • Monongahela River Valley (W. Va. and Pa.)
  • Morgantown (W. Va.)
  • Mount Sterling (Pa.)
  • Nemacolin (Pa.)
  • New Geneva (Pa.)
  • New Geneva Railroad Bridge (New Geneva, Pa.)
  • New Water Street (Brownsville, Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Osage (W. Va.)
  • Palmer (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Paw Paw (Marion County, W. Va.)
  • Republic (Pa.)
  • Rices Landing (Pa.)
  • Rivesville (W. Va.)
  • Ronco (Pa.)
  • Rush Run (Fayette County, Pa.)
  • Scotts Run (Monongalia County, W. Va.)
  • Sugar Run (Greene County, Pa.)
  • Washington County (Pa.)
  • Waynesburg (Pa.)
  • West Brownsville (Pa.)
  • Westmoreland County (Pa.)

Category
  • Business and Industry
  • Transportation

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of David E. Gratz on December 3, 2009.

Physical Characteristics & Technical Requirements:

The collection contains negatives of varying sizes from 3x5 inches to 8x10. Negative formats include cellulose nitrate and cellulose acetate sheet film and gelatin dry plate negatives. The majority of the negatives are 5x7 inches. The use of sheet film negatives begins around 1912 and overlaps with the use of gelatin dry plates. The use of 8x10 gelatin dry plates begins in 1919 and also was used concurrently with sheet film. Gelatin dry plate use ceases in 1930 when photographers switched to the exclusive use of sheet film negatives. A small number of 5x7 gelatin silver prints also can be found in the collection.

Nearly all negatives are identified with an image number, date and location. Often, information regarding the content of the image is also provided. Some individual negatives have not been dated, and even fewer lack an individual index number. The original sleeves contained identifying information handwritten in pen or pencil, typed onto the sleeve, or indicated with a typed adhesive label. Some gelatin dry plates have the date etched into the emulsion side of image, or written on the glass side of the image. Information can also be found in the photographer’s log books and index sheets, though occasionally conflicting information is provided. Mr. Gratz also occasionally added contextual information to individual images. Little information about the photographers exists; however, Charles Keibler and G. H. Burnette have been identified as being photographers employed by the railroad.

Note that original image sleeves provide contextual information to further aid in identifying content. Images that have been resleeved also bear this information. The log books and indices also duplicate information found on the sleeves, sometimes providing further insight into the context of the image.

Preferred Citation:

Monongahela Railway Company Photograph Collection, 1903-1993, AIS.2009.07, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Katherine Barbera, Ian Baran, Erin Byrne, Ian McGlory, Tim Notari, Nickie Puit, Sadie Roosa, Steve Tehovnick, and Kate Wilson between Summer 2010-Spring 2012.

Processing Information:

The negatives were originally stored in acidic sleeves that had become extremely brittle. In addition, most of the film negatives were not stored in individual sleeves; rather, they were stored in the same sleeve by under index number. All information recorded on the original sleeves has been transferred onto the new enclosures. Negatives that were originally stored together under one index number are now denoted with sequential decimal numbers. Once resleeved, items were boxed into clamshell negative storage boxes. Negatives have been stored separately according to format.

Copyright:

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Bibliography:

  • Gratz, David E. and Terry Arbogast. The Monongahela Railway: It's History and Operation 1903-1993. M2FQ Publications, 2003.