Summary Information
Title: Environmental Action Foundation Records
Collection Number: AIS.1996.13
Creator: Environmental Action Foundation.

Collection Dates: 1970-1996
Extent: 115.0 linear feet (93 boxes)

Language: English

Abstract:
This collection documents the functions, activities, and research undertaken by the Environmental Action Foundation (EAF), a non-profit educational organization based in Tacoma Park, Maryland. The materials in this collection range from organization documentation to information files that represent issues of concern to the EAF. The main issues that the EAF advocated were energy efficiency, utility deregulation, solid waste management, and the reduction of toxic substances. The collection includes records of the foundation, research notes, newspaper clippings, articles, legal material, VHS tapes, and audio cassette tapes.
Publisher:

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-3232
archives-ref@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

September 2008
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Alesha Shumar and Jennifer Nicol.
Revision Description:
December 2010:
The finding aid was revised by Wendy Pflug to include new materials added to the collection.

History

Millions of Americans displayed concern about pollution and related environmental problems at the first Earth Day on April 22, 1970. The national staff coordinating the event realized that maintaining awareness required sustained support from both citizens and activists. To provide this support, the Earth Day staff formed two organizations: Environmental Action (EA) a non-profit political organization, and the Environmental Action Foundation (EAF), its educational tax-exempt affiliate. These two organizations operated together as a collective. In keeping with this concept, members of the Coordinating Council (CC), a governing body that linked the EAF to the EA, made all important decisions.

The EAF, an environmental research and education organization, served as a resource to support the advancement of global solutions through research, education, litigation, and collective action. These goals were achieved through funding by government agencies, foundation grants, and individual members. The members were garnered through direct-mailing advertisements and telemarketing. The EAF also maintained a number of affiliates that share its goals. One of the most influential of these was the Energy Conservation Coalition (ECC), a body composed of twenty national public interest organizations including environmental, consumer, senior citizen, scientific, and religious constituencies.

The four major program areas of energy efficiency, utility deregulation, solid waste management, and reduction of toxic substances were the main focus of the EAF's efforts. It also promoted solar energy as a safe and economical alternative to nuclear power. Working towards change in utility pricing structures, the EAF promoted energy efficiency and protecting persons on low and fixed incomes. Recycling, source reduction, control of hazardous waste, energy efficiency, and renewable energy sources were also strong areas of advocacy.

Working closely with the EA, as well as other environmental, social justice, consumer, public interest, business, and government groups the EAF sought to achieve their goals. It promoted its policies through the dissemination of educational materials and resource information to students, teachers, and concerned citizens. Its bimonthly magazine, Environmental Action, provided continued awareness to these groups. It promoted environmental education through additional publications, fact sheets, and films. EnAct/PAC, an EAF-affiliated political action committee, created one of the foundation’s most influential publications, the Dirty Dozen list, which spotlights the twelve members of Congress who have the worst environmental records. The EAF also maintained a Toxic Team teaching citizens about toxic hazards in their communities. The federal Right to Know Act (1986), which was passed as a part of the Superfund, was central to the Toxic Team’s effort.

Despite promoting environmental education and recruiting new members, the EAF did not solicit its members’ opinions on current and emerging issues. As a result, during the final years of the organization, membership declined annually at approximately thirty percent, while new members were not sufficiently embraced or retained. Combined with this, grants began to dry up and staff was forced to lay itself off. While there were once approximately twenty five activists staffing EA, by the dissolution of the organization there were only two or three. The board of directors convened in June of 1996 to dissolve both the EAF and its ties to EA. Since 1996, the EA was revived and continues to advocate environmental awareness.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

The Environmental Action Foundation (EAF) maintained records throughout most of its history, which spans from 1970 to 1996. This collection contains material that illustrates the issues advocated and subjects researched by the EAF. There is also material that documents the collaboration between the Environmental Action Foundation and Environmental Action. Types of items contained in the collection include records of the foundation, research notes, newspaper clippings, articles, legal material, VHS tapes, and audio cassette tapes.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged into 16 series and is only described at the box level; there is no individual folder-level inventory for the collection at this time. Please contact the Archives Service Center for more information. The series arrangement is as follows:

Series I. EAF Material

Series II. Publications

Series III. Foundations

Series IV. Environmental Acts

Series V. Energy Conservation

Series VI. Solid Waste

Series VII. Recycling

Series VIII. Composting

Series IX. Energy, Fuel, Natural Gas

Series X. Nuclear Waste

Series XI. Political and Legal Issues

Series XII. Plastics and Packaging

Series XIII. Toxic/ Hazardous Substances

Series XIV. Water and Air Pollution

Series XV. Green Marketing and Industry Files

Series XVI. Media Material


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Earth Day
  • Environmental education
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental protection
  • Environmentalism
  • Environmentalists
  • Green movement

Corporate Names
  • Energy Conservation Coalition (U.S.).
  • Environmental Action Foundation.

Locations
  • Tacoma Park (Md.)

Occupations
  • Activists

Category
  • Environment

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Jim Overton, EAF Board Chairman on December 9, 1996.

Preferred Citation:

Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996, AIS.1996.13, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Previous Citation:

This collection has been previously cited as Environmental Action Foundation Records, 1970-1996, ais96:13, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Alesha Shumar and Jennifer Nicol in August 2008. Subsequently, 10 boxes were discovered in 2010, which were added to the collection by Wendy Pflug in November-December 2010. This is designated in the finding aid as "New Material Added" within each series.

Copyright:

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Related Material:

Concerned Residents of the Youghiogheny Records, 1976-2001, AIS.2004.14, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Allegheny County Health Department's EPA/SIP Air Quality Program Records, 1968-1985, AIS.1997.30, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Henry T. Bernstein on Environmental History Collection, 1965-1989, AIS.1994.12, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Wyona S. Coleman Papers, 1971-2005, AIS.2000.21, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh


Collection Inventory

Series I. EAF Material

Box 1 EAF Mission Statements, Policies, and Meeting Minutes, 1975-1993
Box 2 EAF Board of Directors Minutes and Profiles, 1985-1992
Box 3 EAF Audit and Financial Material, 1979-1992
Box 4 EAF Activities and Campaigns; Earth Day, 1985-1995
Box 5 EAF Financial Information, Correspondence, and Funding, 1994-1996
Box 6 EAF, Chlorofluorocarbons, Solid Waste Alternatives Program, and EarthShare Press Releases and Financial Reports, 1988- 1992
Box 7 Proposals, Grants, and Projects, 1978-1986
Box 8 Testimony and Anniversary and Birthday Parties, 1985-1994
Box 9 Committees, Conferences, and Correspondence, 1974-1990
Box 10 Correspondence: Illustrators and Advertisements, 1982-1994

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 83 Coordinating Committee Materials, 1989-1993

Series II. Publications

Box 11 Magazines: Exposure,The Power Line,Wastelines, and Environmental Action, 1970-1975
Box 12 The Power Line Magazine, 1981-1993
Box 13 Reprints, Mentions and Advertisements, 1979-1995
Box 14 Earth Day Promotions, Environmental Action Printing and Mailing, 1990
Box 83 Assorted materials used in various EAF publications 1984-1991

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 83 Assorted material used in various EAF publications, 1984-1991
Box 84 EAF Magazine materials, 1980-1996
Box 85 Editor files: EAF Magazine, 1985-1994

Series III. Foundations

Box 15 Foundations and Requests for Proposals, 1973-1985
Box 16 Foundation Information and Projects, 1984-1996
Box 17 Foundations: M-Z, 1980-1996
Box 18 Foundations, 1974-1996
Box 19 Funds, Trusts, and Foundations, 1973-1996

Section: Foundations: Funding Proposals, 1973-1994

Box 86 Foundations: Funding Proposals, 1974-1996

Series IV. Environmental Acts

Box 20 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Coalition of Northeastern Governors, Environmental Protection Agency, and Packaging, 1987-1993
Box 21 Public Utility Holding Company Act Activities, 1989-1992

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 86 Public Utility Holding Company Act Reform, 1989-1993

Series V. Energy Conservation

Box 22 Energy Conservation Coalition Activities and Earth Action Day, 1977-1995
Box 23 Energy Conservation Coalition and Solid Waste, 1981-1995

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 87 Energy Conservation Coalition Activities, 1982-1994
Box 88 Energy Conservation Coalition Chronological Files, June 1982-November 1982

Series VI. Solid Waste

Box 24 Solid Waste and Plastics, 1979-1990
Box 25 Solid Waste Organizations, A-F, 1987-1993
Box 26 Solid Waste Organizations, G-W, 1980-1994
Box 27 Solid Waste and Recycling Foundations, 1983-1992
Box 28 Waste: Solid and Hazardous, 1984-1992
Box 29 Solid Waste: States N-P, 1980-1993
Box 30 Solid Waste Files, States R-W, 1993
Box 31 Solid Waste Incineration, 1980-1989

Series VII. Recycling

Box 32 Recycling Resources, 1981-1993
Box 33 Politics and Recycling, 1978-1990
Box 34 Recycling, 1974-1992
Box 35 Recycling, States A-M, 1980-1995
Box 36 Recycling, Solid Waste, and Landfills, 1988-1991
Box 37 Recycling: City Files, 1980-1995
Box 38 Recycling Diapers, 1990
Box 39 Recycling, 1981-1992
Box 40 Source Reduction and Reuse/Recycling Studies and Programs, 1985-1993

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 88 Source Reduction Education Materials, 1987-1993
Box 89 Source Reduction, 1988-1993

Series VIII. Composting

Box 41 Composting Activities, 1987-1992
Box 42 Composting, 1981-1995

Series IX. Energy, Fuel, Natural Gas

Box 43 Coal, 1976-1985
Box 44 Energy, Natural Gas, and Fuel, 1973-1983
Box 45 Energy Files and Policies, 1978-1992
Box 46 Energy, Nuclear Power, and Nuclear Weapons, 1987-1990
Box 47 Electrical Energy Projects, Proposals, and Grants, 1983-1990
Box 48 Energy: Nuclear, Oil, Water, and Air, 1976-1994
Box 49 Coal and The Power Line, 1976-1994
Box 50 Perpont and Energy Articles, 1990
Box 51 Nuclear Energy, Utilities and Taxation, 1989-1993
Box 52 Legal Files on Energy, 1989-1992
Box 53 Energy: Regulations and Incentive Rates, 1990-1994

Series X. Nuclear Waste

Box 54 Nuclear Waste, 1986-1990
Box 55 Nuclear Waste, Hazardous Waste, and Water Conservation, 1980-1989

Series XI. Political and Legal Issues

Box 56 Health, Politics, and Pollution, 1981-1993
Box 57 Press, Public Relations, and Politics, 1986-1992
Box 58 Politics, PAC, Campaigns, and Dirty Dozen, 1974-1994
Box 59 National Bottle Bill Coalition and Conference Material, 1978-1994
Box 60 Utility Legal Cases, 1989-1992
Box 61 Testimony on Environmental Issues, 1981-1985
Box 62 Environmental Justice and Activism, 1987-1993
Box 63 Dirty Dozen, Political Endorsements, and ENACT/PAC, 1978-1986

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 89 Environmental Acts, 1988-1992
Box 90 Environmental Grassroots and Working Group Activities, 1988-1992
Box 91 Pacific Gas and Electric, 1984-1992

Series XII. Plastics and Packaging

Box 65 Transportation/ Packets on Power, 1987-1992
Box 64 Trade and Consumer Issues, 1989-1995
Box 66 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act and Plastics, 1977-1990
Box 67 Degradable Plastics and Plastics, 1988-1995
Box 68 Product Manufacturers and Packagers, Packaging, and Packaging Types, 1988-1993

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 91 Packaging and Degradable Plastics, 1989-1991

Series XIII. Toxic/Hazardous Substances

Box 69 Toxic Substances, 1985-1993
Box 70 Toxics Superfund, Transportation, Urban Environment, and Public Health, 1984-1996
Box 71 Toxics and Right to Know, 1989-1993
Box 72 Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets, 1985-1986

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 91 Toxic Substances Control Act, 1991-1992
Box 92 Superfund, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, 1990-1995

Series XIV. Water and Air Pollution

Box 73 Air Pollution and Saving the Valley, 1974-1984
Box 74 Econotes, Workplace Environment, Wetlands and War, 1984-1994

Section: New Material Added, 2010

Box 93 Water and Air Pollution Information and Issues, 1984-1995

Series XV. Green Marketing and Industry Files

Box 75 Labeling, Procurement, and Market Development, 1983-1996
Box 76 Industry Files, 1980-1994
Box 77 Green Marketing, 1990-1996
Box 78 Energy Newsletters, 1988-1996

Series XVI. Media Material

Box 79 Photographs, 1980s
Box 80 Photographs, 1980s
Box 81 Photographs, 1980s
Box 82 VHS and Cassette Tapes, 1986-1989