Summary Information
Title: South West Pennsylvania and Eureka Pipe Line Companies Records
Collection Number: AIS.1964.11
Creator: Eureka Pipe Line Company.
Creator: South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Company.

Collection Dates: 1889-1928
Extent: 11.25 linear feet (100 volumes)

Language: English

Abstract:
This collection of records pertains to five pipe line companies: Eureka Pipe Line Company, South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Company, Buckeye Pipe Line Company, Cumberland Pipe Line Company, and Southern Pipe Line Company. The collection contains varied forms of ledgers including letter/copy books, financial ledgers, production/inventory ledgers, balance books, check books, and rental ledgers.
Publisher:

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-3232
archives-ref@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

November 2004
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Archives Service Center Staff.
History

This collection of records pertains to five pipe line companies: Eureka Pipe Line Company, South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Company, Buckeye Pipe Line Company, Cumberland Pipe Line Company, and Southern Pipe Line Company. The earliest records in the collection are those that belong to Eureka (1889). Most of the records detail Eureka’s layout of oil pipelines for businesses in Allegheny and the surrounding counties. Essentially Eureka’s pipelines were transporting unrefined oil from Oil City, Pa., which was then either used to power factories and farms, or was refined into gasoline for commercial transportation. The company dealt exclusively with the James Brothers’ lumber and manufacturing companies.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

Most of the records in the collection, including all of the ledgers, deal with the Eureka and South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Companies. Series VIII deals with the Southern Pipe Line Company. The six record center boxes in Series VIII contain the records of the first four companies mentioned in the history. Located in the boxes are several blueprint maps that show the layout of Pipe Lines in Allegheny County. The collection contains varied forms of ledgers including letter/copy books, financial ledgers, production/inventory ledgers, balance books, check books, and rental ledgers. Additional scope notes are found at the series level.


Arrangement

The records are organized into seven series:

Series I. Letter/Copy Books, 1889-1924

Series II. Purchase and Collection Reports and Transfers, 1897-1924

Series III. Production, Inventory, and Shipping Ledgers, 1891-1928

Series IV. Balance Books, Check Stub Books, and Vouchers, 1895-1923

Series V. Rentals, 1906-1922

Series VI. Contacts and Address Ledgers

Series VII. Material in Boxes


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Petroleum pipeline industry -- Pennsylvania
  • Petroleum pipelines -- Pennsylvania

Corporate Names
  • Buckeye Pipe Line Company.
  • Cumberland Pipe Line Company.
  • Eureka Pipe Line Company.
  • South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Company.
  • Southern Pipe Line Company.

Genres/Forms
  • Ledgers (Account books)

Category
  • Business and Industry

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions; however, users of this collection must make an appointment with the Archives Service Center before the collection can be serviced because of its current physical arrangment.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of R.L. Lockwood on February 3, 1964.

Preferred Citation:

South West Pennsylvania and Eureka Pipe Line Companies Records, 1889-1928, AIS.1964.11, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Andy Newman in November 2004.

Copyright:

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.


Collection Inventory

Series I. Letter/Copy Books, 1889-1924

Scope and Content Notes:

Series I consists of letter/copy books used by the Eureka Pipe Line Company during the years 1889 to 1924. These contain letters detailing work carried out that accompanied payments to Eureka.

Series II. Purchase and Collection Reports and Transfers, 1897-1924

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains Purchase and Collection Reports and Transfers of the Eureka Pipe Line Company. This type of ledger details the financial status of the company in the transportation of oil, purchase of land, lay of pipe, overall profit, and employee payroll.

Series III. Production, Inventory, and Shipping Ledgers, 1891-1928

Scope and Content Notes:

Series III contains records that detail production, shipping and receiving practices of the Eureka Pipe Line Company.

Series IV. Balance Books, Check Stub Books, and Vouchers, 1895-1923

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains check stubs, vouchers, and check registers. Vouchers contain check stubs from businesses for the transportation of oil. The record of Gauger's Daily Runs consists of dates, destinations (business or individual), and monies needed or collected. These records are probably those of Eureka's debt collector.

Series V. Rentals, 1906-1922

Scope and Content Notes:

Series V contains records of the Eureka Pipe Line Company's land rentals in Allegheny and the surrounding counties. Land containing a pipe line with oil flow was essentially owned by the company, and could be rented by companies or individuals.

Series VI. Contacts and Address Ledgers, undated

Scope and Content Notes:

This series includes contact and address ledgers of the Eureka Pipe Line Company. These ledgers contain alphabetized names of individuals and businesses also containing contact information.

Series VII. Material in Boxes, undated

Scope and Content Notes:

This series consists of six record center boxes which contain letters, maps, telegraphs, audits, reports, and balance books. The material is loose within each box and appears to contain no original order or arrangement. The list of records under the box heading is a description of what was found in the box when opened for inspection (the first records seen to the last).

Box 1 Hand written letters, maps of pipe line layout, Right of Way contracts, blueprints, indexed telegraphs, 1900-1920 (Contents deals primarily with Buckeye Pipe Line Co.)
Box 2 Real estate audits/taxes, letters, telegraphs, 1893-1915 (Contains papers from Eureka, 1893-1906 and South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Co., 1903-1915.)
Box 3 Telegram books from Oil City, telegraphs of South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Co., superintendent's summary of broken lines, 1913-1920
Box 4 Telegraphs, records, blueprints, Right of Way/damage reports, large map, profiles, letters, receipts, 1912-1924 (Contains records from Eureka Pipe Line Co., South West Pennsylvania Pipe Line Co., Pure Oil PL Co., and Cumberland Pipe Line Co.)
Box 5 Large blueprints, telegram books with name Simmons and Oil City, 1915-1918
Box 6 Ledgers, real estate and tax statements, balance book, report of broken lines and loss of oil, over and short reports, 1907-1926 (Includes materials from Eureka Co.)
Box 7 Unknown, undated
Box 8 Unknown, undated
Box 9 Records, vouchers, record for applicant for Right of Way, map, 1891-1919 (Includes materials from Southern Pipe Line Company and Pipe Line. Includes maps of Susquehanna River to Millway Station (Lancaster Count, Pa.); Millway Station east to Chester County, Pa.; Chester County to Point Breeze; Pipe Line, Lower Birmingham Township and Concord Township.)
Box 10 Records of Buckeye Pipe Line Company, undated
Box 11 Records of Cumberland Pipe Line Company, undated