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Subseries 1. Collection Activities and Research

Scope and Content Notes:

Materials in this subseries document William's collecting and lending activities, the library at Guyasuta, and his personal research and writing. William collected books and manuscripts from vendors such as the Hakluyt Society, as well as individual booksellers. Correspondence with Richard S. Edes, James Veech and Joseph Albree are examples of William's contacts in the field of rare books. Also, seventeen receipts document the purchase of books from the law offices of Baldwin & Ford, J. Munsel, and Burns & Son, among others. A bound volume of book orders, demonstrates William's meticulous documentation of the books he ordered between November 30, 1847 and January 14, 1867, including the Audubon volumes. William's correspondence with A. Eaton, John Newton, J.M. Read, J. R. Lambdin, and W.C. Reichel all highlight his role as a consultant for other researchers, to whom he sometimes lent or sold books.

The great strength of this subseries is the documentation of volumes in the library at Guyasuta. The Classification of Books consists of three successive versions of a list of books in the library at Guyasuta. Mary used these three volumes to alphabetically catalog the books in the Darlington family library according to topic, including history, travels, horticulture and natural history, and poetry, drama and tales; sections also list magazines, newspapers, and maps. In addition to these larger volumes, this subseries includes a partial catalog and a partial inventory of books at Guyasuta; these smaller lists most likely repeat titles already listed in the Classification of Books. Additionally, design diagrams for library bookcases shed light on the original physical arrangement of the Guyasuta library.

William was deeply interested in historical research, as was his professional mentor, Richard Biddle, and this subseries contains bound volumes of William's notes and writings about various topics. His Commonplace Book and Research Notes discuss a variety of topics, including: the Ohio Company; Forts Pitt, Duquesne, Shippen and Kittanning; Guyasuta; the Allegheny River and the city of Pittsburgh; Old Westmoreland and Indiana Counties; the Montour family; the Shawnee (Shananese) and Seneca Indians; George Croghan and Henry Alexander; and shipbuilding and theater. The Historical Biographical Notes include William's thoughts on such diverse topics as the Californian coal mountains, British nobility, the Darlington family crest, American Indian rituals, and the papers of British officer Henry Bouquet (1719-1765). This subseries contains transcriptions of the Bouquet Papers, which William commissioned from the British Museum. The transcribed letters document communication between Colonel Bouquet and other British officers during the French and Indian War from locations throughout Pennsylvania, his military campaign to drive the French out of Fort Duquesne, and the battle with Indians at Bushy Run. William was profoundly interested in the Ohio Company, and collected many papers relating to this eighteenth century land-development and trading consortium, including copies of the journals of Christopher Gist, who was hired by the company to negotiate terms with the Indians. William published Christopher Gist's Journals posthumously in 1893, possibly using transcriptions in this subseries. The drafts of his publication are located in the collection number dar192514.

William's Western Pennsylvania Historical Notes concerns legal events in Allegheny County, and include brief biographical notes on newly appointed judges. William also recorded information on proceedings and treaties brokered with the American Indians by early frontiersmen. Another section of this volume includes financial records concerning rent paid for several properties leased by the Darlington family. There are many loose pages within the journal and several pages are written entirely in French. For more information on this collection, please refer to Box 25, with oversized materials

Folder 31 William M. Darlington to A. Eaton, January, 1838
Folder 32 Historical Society of Pennsylvania to William M. Darlington, July 1, 1855
Folder 33 Certificate from State Historical Society of Wisconsin, September 12, 1872
Folder 34 J. M. Read, Jr., to William M. Darlington, September 5, 1866
Folder 35 Charles Whittlesey to William M. Darlington, 1870-1872
Folder 36 Statement by John Pennington, April 25, 1866
Folder 37 Envelopes to William M. Darlington, ca. 1870-1885
Folder 38 Isaac Samuel to William M. Darlington, February 8, 1871
Folder 39 Letter to William M. Darlington from J. R. Lambdin, March 10, 1871
Folder 40 W.C. Reichel to William M. Darlington, July 8, 1871
Folder 41 William White to William M. Darlington, 1872
Folder 42 Richard S. Edes to William M. Darlington, March 12, 1873
Folder 43 Joseph Albree to William M. Darlington, March 31 1875
Folder 44 J. C. Hale to William M. Darlington, March 6, 1876
Folder 45 Letter to William M. Darlington from John M. Newton, November 26, 1876
Folder 46 James Veech to William M. Darlington, 1877
Folder 47 Letter from William M. Darlington to W. B. Hoff, May 1, 1884
Folder 48 J. L. Keyes to William M. Darlington, February 8, 1877
Folder 49 Boyd Grumrine to William M. Darlington, May 30, 1881
Folder 50 Sir to William M. Darlington, May 3, 1883
Folder 51 Gilbert Cope to William M. Darlington, June 4, 1884
Folder 52 American History Magazine subscriptions and letter from Joseph Sabin, June 3, 1881
Folder 53 Robert Clarke to William M. Darlington, December 2, 1884
Folder 54 Receipts for Books purchased by William M. Darlington, August 21- December 11, 1885.
Folder 55 George P. Smith to William M. Darlington, April 15, 1886
Folder 56 George P. Smith to William M. Darlington, March 12, 1868
Folder 57 List of Hakluyt Society Publications, undated
Folder 58 Topographical Description, undated

Box 2
Folder 1 List of Books in William M. Darlington's Library at Guyasuta, undated
Folder 2 Catalog, undated
Folder 3 Inventory, Hall Bookcase, undated
Folder 4-5 History Notes, undated
Folder 6-13 Bouquet Papers Transcriptions, 1758-1763
Folder 14-21 18C primary source transcriptions, undated
Folder 22 Transcripts of Ettwein's diary, undated
Folder 23-36 Research notes, undated
Folder 37 Darlington Research Notes, undated

Box 3
Folder 1-10 Research notes, undated
Folder 11-22 Manuscript drafts, undated
Folder 23 Printed ephemera, undated
Volume 3 Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated
Volume 4 Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated
Volume 5 Classification of books in Darlington library at Guyasuta, undated
Volume 6 Historical biographical notes, undated
Volume 7 Book Orders, November 30, 1847- January 4, 1867
Volume 8 Research Notes, undated
Volume 9 Financial Records, 1858-1859
Volume 49 Memoranda, ca. 1870s-1880s
Volume 50 The Improved Commonplace Book, ca. 1870s-1880s