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Subseries 2. Manuscripts and Related Materials

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries contains the manuscript drafts and related materials generated by Donald Goldstein, Gordon Prange, and Katherine Dillon as they wrote numerous books and articles on World War II. Arranged alphabetically by book title, each subsection contains corrections, correspondence, manuscript drafts, and reference materials. The majority of the correspondence occurs between Goldstein and Dillon and outlines the progress of compiling/editing books. Additional correspondence consists of marketing plans for the books and reader responses. The manuscripts are arranged from the earliest drafts to the proofs of the most recent edition, and illustrate the many cuts and changes made to the manuscripts prior to publication. The reference materials furnish background information on the specific topic covered by each book. The records are further described in the following subsections.

Section: At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor

Scope and Content Notes:

Drawn from volumes I and II of Prange’s unpublished manuscript “Tora, Tora, Tora,” this is the first book published through the combined efforts of Donald Goldstein, Gordon Prange, and Katherine V. Dillon. Initially published in 1981, the book chronicles the military action surrounding the Pearl Harbor attack. With the exception of revisions to the appendix and the addition of an afterword, the manuscript drafts relate to the first edition.


Box 31
Folder 1 Audio Script, 1990
Folder 2 Bibliographies and Information on Prange's Research, c. 1980
Folder 3 Book Cover and Reviews, 1981 - 2001
Folder 4 Corrections, undated
Folder 5-7 Correspondence- General, 1980 - 2001
Folder 8 Publicity and Book Promotion, 1981 - 1983
Folder 9-20 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 32
Folder 1-19 Manuscript Drafts, 1981

Box 33
Folder 1-10 Manuscript Drafts, 1981 - 1991

Section: D-Day Normandy: The Story and the Photographs

Scope and Content Notes:

This subsection details the process of compiling the images and writing the narrative for the pictorial, D-Day Normandy: The Story and the Photographs, by Donald Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon, and J. Michael Wenger. Published in 1993, the pictorial illustrates America’s role in the June 1944 invasion of Normandy. The research materials include manuscript excerpts contemporary to the D-Day invasion along with more recent articles. Images from this pictorial are contained and described in Series XIII: Photographs.

Folder 11 Captions, undated
Folder 12 Corrections, 1993
Folder 13 Correspondence, 1994 - 2003
Folder 14-17 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 34
Folder 1-3 Manuscript Drafts, 1993 - 1994
Folder 4-5 Research Materials- Articles, 1984 - 1994
Folder 6-7 Research Materials- Manuscript Excepts, 1944 - 1976

Section: December 7, 1941: The Day the Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor

Scope and Content Notes:

This is the third book drawn from Gordon Prange’s unpublished manuscript “Tora, Tora, Tora,” and was published in 1988. December 7, 1941 relies heavily upon eyewitness accounts to provide a chronological description of the events occurring directly before the Pearl Harbor attack through Roosevelt’s declaration of war on December 8, 1941.

Folder 8 Audio Script, 1991
Folder 9 Corrections and Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 10 Correspondence, 1985 - 1922
Folder 11-18 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 35
Folder 1-22 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 36
Folder 1-5 Manuscript Drafts, 1987

Section: Fading Victory: The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, 1941-1945

Scope and Content Notes:

Based upon the diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, Fading Victory depicts the daily activities of the Japanese Imperial Navy, which is accompanied by Ugaki’s assessment of the fighting. Begun by Gordon Prange in the 1950s, publication of the Ugaki diary was postponed until the completion of the “Tora, Tora, Tora” project. After Prange’s death, Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon resumed work on the Ugaki diary and eventually published it through the University of Pittsburgh Press in 1991. The vast majority of the files consist of edited manuscript drafts.

Folder 6-7 Correspondence- Chihaya, 1954 - 1992
Folder 8-9 Correspondence- General, 1978 - 2000
Folder 10-18 Manuscript Drafts, 1947

Box 37
Folder 1-20 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 38
Folder 1-21 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 39
Folder 1-22 Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 40
Folder 1-17 Manuscript Drafts, 1989
Folder 18 Miscellaneous, 1989 - 1994

Section: God's Samurai: Lead Pilot at Pearl Harbor

Scope and Content Notes:

Based upon a series of interviews between Gordon Prange and Mitsuo Fuchida, (located in the World War II research subseries) these manuscript materials describe Fuchida’s life from his military exploits through his missionary efforts. Initially written by Prange during the 1960s, the Fuchida biography continued to be revised during the next thirty years due to newly discovered information and publisher edits, such as the discovery of Fuchida’s love child and the removal of several chapters relating to his religious conversion. Under the editorship of Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon, the manuscript was finally published in 1990. In addition to the manuscript drafts, these records contain several reference files, which detail Fuchida’s missionary work throughout Europe and the United States during the 1950s-1960s.


Box 41
Folder 1-4 Correspondence- General, 1952 - 1993
Folder 5 Correspondence- Report on Fuchida Project, 1964
Folder 6-24 Correspondence- Manuscript Drafts, undated

Box 42
Folder 1-24 Correspondence- Manuscript Drafts, 1981

Box 43
Folder 1-18 Correspondence- Manuscript Drafts, 1981 - 1990
Folder 19 Research Materials- Church of the Open Door, 1964
Folder 20-27 Research Materials- Fuchida, 1949 - 1976
Folder 28 Research Materials- Fuchida's Son, 1964 - 1969
Folder 29 Research Materials- Miscellaneous, 1942 - 1969

Section: Miracle at Midway

Scope and Content Notes:

Initially written by Gordon Prange during the 1960s and 1970s, Miracle at Midway contains first-hand accounts from American and Japanese veterans who fought in the battle or commanded the troops at Midway Island. The first published version of Midway appeared in the November 1972 edition of Reader’s Digest as a condensed version of the full text. Prange’s full-length manuscript on Midway was finally published in 1982, under the editorship of Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon.


Box 44
Folder 1 Corrections, Maps, and Reviews, 1982 - 1983
Folder 2-3 Correspondence, 1965 - 2002
Folder 4-22 Manuscript Drafts, 1960s - 1982

Box 45
Folder 1-8 Manuscript Drafts, 1982
Folder 9-10 Research Materials, 1971

Section: Nuts! The Battle of the Bulge: The Story and the Photographs

Scope and Content Notes:

These documents reveal the process of compiling photographs and writing the narrative for Nuts! The Battle of the Bulge: The Story and Photographs. This pictorial by Donald Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon, and J. Michael Wenger was published in 1994. It contains hundreds of images from American and German sources depicting the daring counter attack by German forces in the Ardennes in December 1944. Images from this pictorial are located in Series XIII: Photographs.

Folder 11 Corrections, undated
Folder 12 Correspondence, 1993 - 1994
Folder 13-19 Manuscript Drafts, 1993

Box 46
Folder 1-11 Manuscript Drafts, 1993 - 1994
Folder 12 Miscellaneous, 1994

Section: Pacific War Papers: Japanese Documents of World War II

Scope and Content Notes:

This is the second book extracted from Echoes of the Pacific War: the Japanese Speak, an unpublished compendium of Japanese sources on the Pacific War. Complied by Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon, the book was published in 2004 and describes Japan’s navy and political diplomacy before the Pearl Harbor attack, as well as during the later portion of the Pacific War.

Folder 13 Correspondence, 2002 - 2004
Folder 14-24 Manuscript Drafts, 2002 - 2003

Box 47
Folder 1-3 Manuscript Drafts, 2004
Folder 4 Research Materials, undated

Section: Pearl Harbor Papers: Inside the Japanese Plans

Scope and Content Notes:

This is the first book extracted from Echoes of the Pacific War: the Japanese Speak, an unpublished compendium of Japanese sources on the Pacific War. Complied by Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon, the book was published in 1993 and contains Japanese primary sources and expert commentary on the Pearl Harbor attack.

Folder 5 Corrections, 1993
Folder 6 Correspondence, 1991 - 1999
Folder 7-27 Manuscript Drafts, 1993 - 1997

Section: Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History

Scope and Content Notes:

Published in 1987, this is the second book drawn from Gordon Prange’s unpublished manuscript “Tora, Tora, Tora.” In general, Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History explains the political environment surrounding the Pearl Harbor attack and provides Prange’s analysis of the reactions to the attack, or lack thereof.


Box 48
Folder 1 Audio Script, undated
Folder 2 Book Cover, Reviews, Miscellaneous, 1985 - 1991
Folder 3 Corrections, undated
Folder 4 Correspondence, 1983 - 1996
Folder 5-17 Manuscript Drafts, 1983 - 1984

Box 49
Folder 1-17 Manuscript Drafts, 1984 - 1985

Section: Rain of Ruin: A Photographic History of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Scope and Content Notes:

This section depicts Goldstein’s efforts to compile photographs and write the narrative for Rain of Ruin: A Photographic History of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Published in 1995, the pictorial by Donald Goldstein, J. Michael Wenger and Katherine V. Dillon, presents countless photographs of the people and events surrounding the use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The research materials contain the statements of Japanese officers on the effect of atomic weapons, as well as histories of the 509th Composite Group, the specialized unit responsible for delivering the atomic weapons to Japan. Additional research files detail the controversies sparked by Colonel Tibbets’ 1976 re-enactment of the bombing and the Smithsonian's 1995 Enola Gay exhibit. Images from this pictorial are contained and described in Series XIII: Photographs.


Box 50
Folder 1 Corrections, undated
Folder 2 Correspondence, 1994 - 1999
Folder 3-11 Manuscript Drafts, 1994 - 1995
Folder 12 Research- Articles - Controversy, 1962 - 1994
Folder 13 Research- Articles - Miscellaneous, 1960 - 1992
Folder 14 Research- History of the 509th Composite Group, 1945
Folder 15 Research- Manuscript Excerpts, 1978 - 1992
Folder 16 Research- Military Orders, 1945
Folder 17 Research- Pictorial of the 509th Composite Group, 1952
Folder 18 Research- Statements of Japanese Officials, 1949 - 1950

Section: Target Tokyo: The Story of the Sorge Spy Ring

Scope and Content Notes:

Originally written by Gordon Prange during the 1960s, this manuscript highlights the activities of a Russian spy, Richard Sorge, who used his connections in the German Embassy to obtain Nazi party information. A condensed version of the manuscript first appeared in Reader’s Digest in January 1967. However, Prange’s dedication to completing the “Tora, Tora, Tora” project greatly delayed the publication of the full-length manuscript. Upon Prange’s death, the manuscript was passed to Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon, who finalized the editing. In 1984 the book was published under the title Target Tokyo. Researchers wishing to know more about the Sorge spy ring should consult the reference files, several of which are in German.


Box 51
Folder 1 Audio Script, 1991
Folder 2 Corrections, 1960s - 1984
Folder 3-5 Correspondence, 1962 - 1996
Folder 6-19 Manuscript Drafts, 1967 - 1983

Box 52
Folder 1-22 Manuscript Drafts, 1983 - 1984

Box 53
Folder 1-12 Manuscript Drafts, 1984
Folder 13 Promotional Materials, 1984 - 1985
Folder 14 Research Materials- Articles, undated
Folder 15 Research Materials- Correspondence and Reports, 1935 - 1950
Folder 16 Research Materials- German Ministry Files, 1941 - 1942
Folder 17 Research Materials- Interview of Max Clausen, undated
Folder 18 Research Materials- Manuscript - Dr. Sorge Report, 1985
Folder 19-20 Research Materials- Manuscript - Miscellaneous in German language, 1932 - 1989
Folder 21 Research Materials- Manuscript - Sorge’s Own Story, 1942
Folder 22 Research Materials- Notes Written by Prange or Goldstein, undated
Folder 23 Research Materials- Report - Military Intelligence on Sorge Spy Ring, 1947
Folder 24 Research Materials- Report - Partial Documentation of Sorge Espionage Case, 1950

Section: Tora, Tora, Tora

Scope and Content Notes:

Virtually all of the files in this section are the work of Gordon Prange. Taken together, these files divulge his thirty-year effort to complete the four-volume Pearl Harbor manuscript, “Tora, Tora, Tora”. Although the manuscript was never published in its original four-volume form, Prange did succeed in publishing a condensed version through Reader’s Digest in 1963. More importantly, “Tora, Tora, Tora” served as the foundation for At Dawn We Slept, Pearl Harbor: Verdict of History, and December 7, 1941. Researchers interested in viewing Prange’s assessment of his Pearl Harbor work should consult the marketing correspondence file. Additional files pertain to the Twentieth Century Fox film Tora, Tora, Tora, which featured Prange as a contributor.


Box 54
Folder 1-2 Corrections, 1970 - 1978
Folder 3 Correspondence- Chihaya, 1970
Folder 4-7 Correspondence- General, 1962 - 2001
Folder 8 Correspondence- Marketing, 1978
Folder 9 Film Project with 20th Century Fox- Contracts, 1965 - 1967
Folder 10 Film Project with 20th Century Fox- Correspondence, 1963 - 1970
Folder 11 Film Project with 20th Century Fox- Promotional Materials, 1967 - 1970
Folder 12 Film Project with 20th Century Fox- Scripts, 1966 - 1968
Folder 13-26 Manuscript Drafts, c. 1973

Box 55
Folder 1-23 Manuscript Drafts, c. 1973

Box 56
Folder 1-25 Manuscript Drafts, 1973 - 1974
Folder 26 Miscellaneous, 1970 - 1993

Section: The Way it Was: Pearl Harbor, The Original Photographs

Scope and Content Notes:

This section examines the process of compiling photographs and writing the narrative for The Way It Was: Pearl Harbor, which was released in time for the 50th anniversary of the attack in 1991. Assembled by Donald Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon, and J. Michael Wenger, this pictorial contains over 400 images of the Japanese attack on December 7th, 1941. Images from this pictorial are contained and described in Series XIII: Photographs.


Box 57
Folder 1-2 Correspondence, 1982 - 2002
Folder 3-18 Manuscript Drafts, 1989 - 1990
Folder 19 Outlines, Reviews, and Miscellaneous, 1991