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Series XIII. Photographs

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains images removed from the first twelve series for preservation purposes. Most of the files relate to World War II and consist of original photographs, reprints, negatives, illustrations, and photocopied images. The items are further described in the following subseries: Non World War II and World War II.

Subseries 1. Non World War II

Scope and Content Notes:

With the exception of the personal photographs, the images in this subseries are directly tied to the research and publication of books by Gordon Prange and Donald Goldstein. The arrangement in this subseries reflects the overall collection arrangement, which is alphabetically by research topic. Under each topic, the photographs are separated into published and unpublished images. The published images are arranged exactly as they appear in the book and are followed by the unpublished images. Generally speaking, the unpublished images were considered for publication, but ultimately rejected. One especially enlightening collection of photographs is the scrapbook created by Lieutenant General Chung Il Kwon, ROK Army, which provides a soldier's perspective of the Korean War.

Section: Earhart


Box Photo 1
Folder 1 Published Images, c. 1920 - 1937
1. Route of Amelia Earhart's last flight, May 21 to July 1937; map.
  • Page number: Inside front cover
  • Photo number: 1
2. No caption
  • Page number: Inside front cover
  • Photo number: 2
3. Sear area of Itasca, July 2 through July 16, 1937; map.
  • Page number: Inside front cover
  • Photo number: 3
4. A young Amelia with her mother, Amy, during the 1920s - before her days as an aviatrix.
  • Page number: P1
  • Photo number: 4
5. Amelia in her flight suit before the famous 1929 Friendship flight, when she became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic.
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 5
6. The Friendship arrives in Southampton, England, after landing at Burry Port, Wales, following the flight from Newfoundland.

The plane was a Fokker F-7 originally flown by the explorer Richard E. Byrd.

  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 6
7. Amelia and Captain A. H. White after a June 1928 flight from Croydon to Northolt, England.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 7
8. Amelia with Orville Wright (left of plaque) and Senator Bingham (right) at the Wright Memorial in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in December 1928.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 8
9. With Bill Stultz, who piloted the Friendship across the Atlantic, in June 1928.

Stultz would die a year later in a crash at Roosevelt Field, New York.

  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 9
10. At home with her husband George Putnam, Amelia's promoter and a well-known publisher.
  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 10
11. Amelia with famous aviatrix Ruth Nichols.
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 11
12. With polar flier Bernt Balchen in front of their plane in Teterboro, New Jersey.

Balchen outfitted Amelia's Lockheed Vega for her solo crossing of the Atlantic.

  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 12
13. Arriving at Culmore Field in Northern Ireland after her transatlantic solo flight in May 1932.

Amelia had proved her skills as a pilot and gained even more fame.

  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 13
14. Leaving Buckingham Palace after a visit with the Prince of Wales.
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 14
15. Greeted by Andrew Mellon, the American ambassador to Great Britain, upon her arrival in London on May 22.
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 15
16. A triumphant Amelia waves to the New York crowd during a parade celebrating her transatlantic flight.
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 16
17. Amelia and her husband in flight suits, January 1935.
  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 17
18. With famous aviator Wiley Post in Cleveland, March 1935.

Post and Will Rogers died in a crash in Alaska during an attempt to fly around the Arctic Circle.

  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 18
19. Emerging from her plane on arrival in Oakland after her January 1935 flight from Honolulu.

Amelia was the first person ever to make this solo trip.

  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 19
20. Reporters interview Amelia with her husband at her side in front of an enthusiastic crowd at Newark Airport.
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 20
21. Greeted by a Mexican official at Newark Airport after her successful flight from Mexico City in May 1935.
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 21
22. Standing beside her Vega at March Field, California, 1936.

This plane was replaced by the "Flying Laboratory," the Lockheed Electra 10E, later in the year.

  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 22
23. With Edward C. Elliot, the president of Purdue University, holding a model of her "Flying Laboratory," then under construction.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 23
24. Watching mechanics repair her Electra in Burbank, California, after her 1937 crash in Honolulu.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 24
25. Amelia and her husband study the route she plans to take on her around-the-world flight in 1937.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 25
26. Preparing two distress signals before her attempt to fly around the world.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 26
27. Amelia prior to her final flight.

From left are: George Putnam, Amelia, Harry Manning, and Bo McKneely, a mechanic at Union Air Terminal in Los Angeles. Manning, originally scheduled to be Amelia's navigator, had to return to his ship after the trip was delayed.

  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 27
28. Amelia and navigator Fred Noonan in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where they finished a leg of their flight.
  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 28
29. The pilot with her navigator and Vicomte Jacques de Sibour, who had helped to arrange the flight, in Karachi.
  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 29
30. Amelia, a well-rounded person, enjoyed tending the garden at her Rye, New York, home.
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 30
31. Amelia in the place she loved best, the cockpit of her plane.
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 31
32. no caption
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 32
Folder 2-3 Extras, c. 1928 - 1937

Section: International Relations

Folder 4-6 Dictionary of Twentieth Century World Politics- Published Images, 1890 - 1990
Folder 7-11 Dictionary of Twentieth Century World Politics- Extras, 1917 - 1990
Folder 12-13 HarperCollins Dictionary- Published Images, 1754 - 1992
Folder 14-15 HarperCollins Dictionary- Extras, c. 1870 - 1995

Section: Korean War

Folder 16-19 Published Images, 1939 - 1950
1. Cpl. George D. Smedley of Mount Vernon, Indiana, and Sgt. Thomas P. Montana of Yuma, Arizona, 1st Cavalry Division keep watch along the 38th Parallel. RG6S-KWP.36 (SC 350615); See photo 6-1.
  • Page number: Front Cover
  • Photo number: 1
2. Fifty-caliber ammunition being loaded into an F-51 Mustang at an airfield in South Korea. RG6S-KWP.1352; See photo 3-15.
  • Page number: Title Page
  • Photo number: 2
3. "Land of Morning Calm"
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-1
4. American soldiers removing boulders to permit motorized vehicles to ford a stream. RG6S-KWP.2193 (SC 344021)
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-2
5. Men of the 9th Infantry Regiment advancing up Hill 201. RG6S-KWP.2205 (SC 348664) OR RG6S-KWP.72 (SC 348664)
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-3
6. Soldiers navigating rough terrain.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-4
7. The rugged terrain of Korea.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-5
8. The unforgiving Korean winter.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-6
9. The battleship USS Wisconsin patrolling Korean waters.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-7
10. Buddhist shrine.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-8
11. Father Charles Meeus saying Mass for Korean children.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-9
12. Paddy field in built-up area.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-10
13. Farmer and his primitive ox-drawn cart.

The banner in the background is in Japanese, which illustrates the remaining Japanese influence in Korea.

  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-11
14. Farmer on unpaved thoroughfare.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-12
15. Typical Korean home.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-13
16. Historic pagoda.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-14
17. South gate of Seoul.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-15
18. Statue of Adm. Yi Sun-sin, Korean naval hero.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-16
19. Shinto shrine where students studied.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-17
20. Two outlets of underground petroleum tanks built by the Japanese to refuel their battleships during World War II. RG6S-KWP.632 (SC 309926)
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-18
21. Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Ismet Inonu of Turkey, and Winston Churchill of Great Britain, at the 1943 Cairo conference. 49-13193
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-19
22. Gen. Douglas MacArthur with his trademark, a corncob pipe.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-20
23. Meeting in Seoul between U.S. and USSR commissions in March 1946

(Seated, left to right, Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, Col. General D. F. Stikoff, and Maj. Gen. N. G. Lebedoff). 52-10148

  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-21
24. The Military Armistice Commission in 1947.

Maj. Gen. Hobart Hewitt, commission chief of staff, is in the front row, center. RG6S-KWP.1404 (No SC #)

  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-22
25. Syngman Rhee reviews the troops. (before their departure)
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-23
26. Seoul, Korea, 1950. RG6S-KWP.996 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-24
27. Kim II Sung, communist leader of North Korea. 54-5249
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-25
28. Joseph Stalin, shown here on Moscow reviewing stand with Marshal Kliment Voroshilov, was instrumental in Kim Il Sung's becoming North Korean president. 51-14559
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-26
29. American personnel happily departing Korea in June 1949.

Little did they know that U.S. troops would soon return.

  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-27
30. John J. Muccio, U.S. ambassador to Korea. (right) RG6S-KWP.1362? RG6S-KWP.1653? (SC 343026)
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 2-1
31. Kim Il Sung. 62-5170
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 2-2
32. Syngman Rhee. RG6S-KWP.1362? RG6S-KWP.1653? (SC 343026)
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 2-3
33. Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur, Supreme Commander Allied Powers (left), salutes as he leaves his headquarters in Tokyo.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-4
34. The roof of the Dai Ichi Building in Tokyo, MacArthur's headquarter. Note the U.S., UN, and Japanese flags flying side by side.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-5
35. Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker Commander, U.S. Eight Army. RG6S-KWP.1364 (SC 343339)
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-6
36. Lt. Gen. George E. Stratemeyer, Commander, Far East Air Force. 50-10610
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-7
37. Maj. Gen. Earle E. Partridge, Commander, Fifth Air Force. (right)
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-8
38. F-51 Mustang, said to be the best prop fighter ever built. RG6S-KWP.1329 (A.C. 77562)
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-9
39. F-80 Shooting Star, America's first jet fighter. RG6S-KWP.1096 (SC 386353)
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-10
40. B-29 Superfortress preparing to take off. RG6S-KWP.1279 (A.C. 39387)
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-11
41. Adm. Arthur W. Radford, Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Far East.
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-12
42. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, Commander, Far East Naval Forces. RG6S-KWP.879 (SC 372267)
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-13
43. Vice Adm. Arthur D. Struble Commander, Seventh Fleet.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-14
44. Left to right, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Potsdam, 1945. 50.13534
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-15
45. George C. Marshall, U.S. Secretary of State.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-16
46. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower (sitting, center), meeting with NATO Standing Group Officers. 51-16573
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-17
47. Dean Acheson, Marshall's replacement, in January 1949. 51-54
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-18
48. Soviet-built T-34 tank – dominant weapon of the war's early days. RG6S-KWP.1494 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-19
49. ROK soldiers engaged in mortar training.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-20
50. ROK marines in training. – J34. Korean Navy in training.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-21
51. ROK sailors performing calisthenics. - J35. Korean Navy in training
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-22
52. ROK sailors rowing during basic training. - J36. Korean Navy in training
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-23
53. Chairman Mao Tse-tung of the People's Republic of China. 54-4003
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-24
54. Syngman Rhee (left), controversial president of South Korea, talking with U.S. Vice President Alben W. Barkley.
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-25
55. Seoul, looking east from the Banta Hotel. (October 1950) RG6S-KWP.1565 (SC 349849)
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 3-1
56. Korean citizens crowd the entrances of City Hall as they await war news. RG6S-KWP.2088 (SC 343408)
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 3-2
57. Refugees panicking as hostilities unfold.
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 3-3
58. President Harry S. Truman 111-SC-213949
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 3-4
59. Jacob Malik, Soviet representative to the UN Security Council. (left) 51-1746
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 3-5
60. Devastated South Korean town. RG6S-KWP.606 (SC 344044)
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 3-6
61. South Korean soldiers retreating from Seoul.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-7
62. Americans (probably members of the Korean Military Advisory Group) evacuating Seoul. RG6S-KWP.1018 (SC 342706)
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-8
63. U.S. Army captain speaking to three nuns at a railway station somewhere in Korea during the early days of the communist invasion. RG6S-KWP.2102 (SC 344901)
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-9
64. U.S. Navy F-9 Panthers prepare to take off from a carrier. This was the first time in naval history that jet aircraft were used in combat.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-10
65. U.S. Navy Panthers flying a sortie.
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-11
66. USS Badoeng Strait nearing Japan with F-4U Corsairs on board. RG6S-KWP.1838 (U.S. Navy Photo)
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-12
67. F-4U Corsair armed with 8 rockets and a 500-pound bomb takes off from the USS Sicily. (U.S. Navy Photo)
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-13
68. Sgt. Dewy Lukefahr of Perryville, Missouri, anchors a 500-pound bomb to the wing of a plane. RG6S-KWP.1351 (SC 343336)
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-14
69. Fifty-caliber ammunition being loaded into an F-51 Mustang at an airfield in South Korea. RG6S-KWP.1352
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-15
70. Airman loading rockets onto an F-51 Mustang. (Note the name painted on the fuselage of the aircraft.) – USAF joins the war in Asia.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-16
71. Airman working on the Rolls-Royce engine of an F-51 Mustang. – USAF joins the war in Asia. RG6S-KWP.1352 (SC 343337)
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-17
72. Locomotive knocked out by U.S. Air Force planes lies on its side near the Han River in Korea.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-18
73. An enemy tank destroyed by an F-80 with two five-inch rockets.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-19
74. Two probable direct hits on railroad bridges over the Kum River, 10 miles north of Taejon. ARC identifier – 542200 (NWDNS-342-AF-77478AC)
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 3-20
75. Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond, Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, Far East command (right) and Maj. Gen. E. K. Wright, Mac Arthur's Operations Officer, observe an artillery barrage on the Korean capital of Seoul. RG6S-KWP.1363 (SC 343028)
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 3-21
76. Gen. Douglas MacArthur (at right) greets Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker. (U.S. Army Photo)
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 3-22
77. MacArthur (center) with his chief of staff General Almond (right), and Ambassador of John J. Muccio. (U.S. Army Photo)
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 3-23
78. MacArthur at Yongdung-po, June 29, 1950.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 3-24
79. UN weapons arrive at Pusan. – J11. Pusan U.S. weapons arrive at Pusan.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 3-25
80. UN weapons arrive at Pusan.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 3-26
81. Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, commander, 24th Infantry division.
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 3-27
82. Brig Gen. John Church, commander of an advance unit (shown here after promotion to general). (on right)
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 3-28
83. A C-54 Skymaster in Korea. RG6S-KWP.2186 (SC 343056)
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 3-29
84. Townspeople welcoming UN troops at Kumchon, June 30, 1950. – J15. 06-30-50
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 3-30
85. Banner welcoming U.S. Army to Kumchon. – J14. 06-30-50
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 3-31
86. Refugees fleeing south as the task force prepares to move north toward the front. RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 345358)
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 3-32
87. A highly feared T-34 tank with its 85-mm main gun.
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 3-33
88. 105-mm howitzer in operation. RG6S-KWP.1143 (SC 347079)
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 3-34
89. Task Force Smith veterans being honored by President Truman at the White House on June 1952.

Brad Smith is at far right; Secretary of the Army Frank Pace is the civilian behind Truman. RG6S-KWP.1496 (SC 346523)

  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-35
90. In a ten-hour engagement, 400 Chinese were killed. (MISSING)
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 3-36
91. Damage done to a North Korean oil refinery in Wonsan by planes of the Seventh Fleet.

Smoke could be seen 60 miles at sea.

  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-37
92. Wreckage of a rail center at Kusong in North Korea. RG6S-KWP.851 (SC 351237)
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-38
93. Carrier planes blast North Korean bridges at Pyongyang, July 3-4, 1950. RG6S-KWP.2162 (SC 343071)
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-39
94. Eight-inch turret battery of the USS Toledo blasts a military target in Korea. RG6S-KWP.1444 (SC 346622)
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-40
95. U.S. Navy planes left factories, 5 miles north of Kwanju, engulfed in flames. RG6S-KWP.854 (SC 344573) or RG6S-KWP.855 (SC 344574)
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-41
96. U.S. Navy planes left factories, 5 miles north of Kwanju, engulfed in flames. RG6S-KWP.854 (SC 344573) or RG6S-KWP.855 (SC 344574)
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-42
97. Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker (left) congratulates Maj. Dean Hess, commander of the Bout-One project, a composite unit pf American and South Korean pilots flying F-51s in the early days of the war. RG6S-KWP.1366 (SC 343341)
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-43
98. Troops of the 13th Signal Company, 1st Cavalry Division, await letters from home. RG6S-KWP.52 (SC 344600)
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-44
99. 24th Infantry Regiment of the 25th Infantry Division prepares to move out. RG6S-KWP.2218-?-2216 (SC 343968)
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-45
100. Members of the 25th Infantry Division at Pusan are bound for battle. RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 343452)
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-46
101. Eighth Army Commander Walton H. Walker (left) and 24th Division Commander William F. Dean examining a map of the front lines. RG6S-KWP.323 (SC 343256)
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-47
102. Soviet-made tanks knocked out at Taejon.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-48
103. Soviet-built T-34 Tank destroyed at Taejon with an inscription crediting Maj. Gen. William F. Dean. RG6S-KWP.1104 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-49
104. Three students receive instructions from an officer on the 3.5-inch bazooka. RG6S-KWP.264
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-50
105. South Korean soldier aids a wounded buddy before he is evacuated. RG6S-KWP.1676 (SC 343168)
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 3-51
106. South Korean soldiers in a Korean hospital at Miryang.

When U.S. soldiers discovered that the South Koreans did not have cigarettes or candy, they provided these amenities to their wounded comrades from their own supplies. RG6S-KWP.1681 (SC 347162)

  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 3-52
107. Aerial view of the city of Masan. RG6S-KWP.2175 (SC 348355)
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 3-53
108. General Walker (second from right) discussing future operations with key officers. RG6S-KWP.1365 (SC 343340)
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 3-54
109. A Marine patrol moves along the Naktong River. RG6S-KWP.888 (USMA A-1400)
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-1
110. Marguerite Higgins, combat correspondent for the New York Herald-Tribune. RG6S-KWP.1552 (SC 346592)
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-2
111. Combat reporter Hal Boyle of the Associated Press (center) interviews officers of the 2d Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.67 (SC 366292)
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-3
112. Cpl. John Romanowski of Chicago was a typical army cameraman covering the war in Korea. RG6S-KWP.587 (SC 342938)
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-4
113. Marines waiting to embark in San Diego. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-5
114. Supplies for the Marines – hundreds of tons of equipment ready for loading on board a cargo ship. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-6
115. Marines march into a railway station at Pusan after disembarking from transports. RG6S-KWP.1714 (USMC A-1188)
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-7
116. Col. Godwin Ordway (left) and Maj. Elmer G. Owens explain the local situation to Maj. Gen. William B. Kean (center), commanding general of the 25th Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.379 (SC 345460)
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-8
117. Men of the 5th RCT hunt for snipers in a burned-out village. RG6S-KWP.525 (SC 347586)
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-9
118. Medics carry wounded soldiers of the 5th RCT in the Masan area. RG6S-KWP.519 (SC 347672)
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-10
119. North Koreans lie dead beside a house. They were killed in an attempt to retreat near Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1763 (SC 349156)
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-11
120. A bullet-pierced helmet and a dead soldier on the way to Masan. RG6S-KWP.1762 (SC 347826)
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-12
121. A grief-stricken American infantryman, whose buddy has been killed in action near Haktong-Ni is comforted by another soldier.

In the background, a corporal fills out casualty tags. RG6S-KWP.2038 (SC 347803)

  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-13
122. A wounded man of the 7th Marines is taken to the rear. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-14
123. Graveyard of enemy tanks; three T-33s destroyed on Hill 125.

In the foreground are the bodies of three Marines.

  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-15
124. After their first big battle, weary Marines rest. RG6S-KWP.867 (USMC A-1431)
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-16
125. Marines take cover from mortar fire. RG6S-KWP.1228 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-17
126. A USMC pilot warms up a helicopter in preparation for evacuating the wounded. RG6S-KWP.1729 (SC 345800)
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-18
127. Lt. Gen. Earle E. Partridge (center), Commander, Far East Air Forces, talks with USAF Chief of Staff Hoyt Vandenberg (left) and other officers. RG6S-KWP.1361 (SC 343338)
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-19
128. Unusual photo of an F-51 Mustang releasing two napalm bombs.

A sister plane at the far left will assist. ARC identifier - 542243 (NWDNS-342-AF-81584AC)

  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-20
129. A Mustang taxis through a miniature lake formed by torrential Korean rains. ARC identifier 542236 (NWDNS-342-AF-80905AC)
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-21
130. Planes of Task Force 77 – bomb-laden Corsairs ready for deck launch – await the signal to taxi into position. RG6S-KWP.1831 (USN 710009)
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-22
131. F-4U Corsair, with an extra gas tank, in flight. RG6S-KWP.1829 (USN 409234)
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-23
132. B-26 light bombers release 500-pound bombs in a strike over North Korea. ARC identifier – 542237 (NWDNS-342-AF-80936AC)
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-24
133. The navigator and the pilot of a 5th Air Force B-26 are ready for a night intruder mission over enemy territory.

An aerial gunner rounds out the crew. ARC identifier – 542228 (NWDNS-342-AF-80250AC)

  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-25
134. Bombardiers in B-26s use the "Y" in the track as aiming point with uncanny accuracy. RG6S-KWP.1160 (A.C. 79649)
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-26
135. B-29s dropping bombs on targets in the north inflicted heavy damage on cities and industries. (NWDNS-342-AF-77472AC)
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-27
136. B-29s strike a North Korean bridge with deadly accuracy from 10,000 feet. RG6S-KWP.2155 (A-77486)
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-28
137. B-29s striking railroad brides. (NWDNS-342-AF-77554AC)
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-29
138. An M-24 tank did not quite make it through this narrow pass on a road north of Sungan-ni.

Note the dead crewman hanging from the tank hatch. RG6S-KWP.273

  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-30
139. M-26 Pershing tanks are test fired at Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1922 (SC 343812)
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-31
140. Advancing ROK infantrymen scout a road accompanied by American M-4 tanks. RG6S-KWP.1926 (SC 346244)
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-32
141. Marines of a Pershing tank crew eat chow somewhere in Korea. RG6S-KWP.1928 (SC 346662)
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-33
142. Tanks of the 6th Tank Battalion, 24th Infantry Division, lay down support fore for men of the 19th Infantry Regiment. RG6S-KWP.687 (SC 357648)
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-34
143. Wounded American soldiers receiving treatment. RG6S-KWP.1808 (SC 344399)
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-35
144. Soldiers receiving blood plasma while being loaded on an L-5 light airplane. RG6S-KWP.1794 (SC 347155)
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-36
145. A man replaces headboards with crosses on graves of the 1st Cavalry Division near Taegu. RG6S-KWP.12 (SC 356632)
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-37
146. Funeral services for Howell G. Thomas, the District of Columbia's first Korean War casualty to be interred at Arlington National Cemetery. RG6S-KWP.1292 (SC 342805)
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-38
147. Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay, Commander, 1st Cavalry Division (left), and Lt. Col. William Harris, 77th Field Artillery, observe the effectiveness of fire. RG6S-KWP.41 (SC 348350)
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-39
148. British sergeant oversees the disembarking of his men from the H.M.S. Ceylon at Pusan. RG6S-KWP.1617 (SC 347150)
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-40
149. Motor platoon, 1st Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, prepares to move to the front at the Naktong River west of Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1624 (SC 348928)
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-41
150. Artillery shells burst on Hill 303, north of Waegwan. RG6S-KWP.1145 (SC 346245)
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-42
151. 2d Lt. Cecil Newman, murdered on Hill 303 by North Korean troops, along with 302 other American prisoners.
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 4-43
152. South Korean soldier operating a flamethrower.
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 4-44
153. A sniper's view of the wreckage at Pohang. RG6S-KWP.930 (USN 710033)
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 4-45
154. Ruins of Pohangdong. Note that the center of the city is completely burned out. RG6S-KWP.939 (SC 346706)
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-46
155. Port facilities stockpiled with military supplies along the docks in Pusan. RG6S-KWP.2053 (SC 345430)
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-47
156. An American soldier supervises the storing of cartons of C rations in Pusan. RG6S-KWP.2056 (SC 347879)
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-48
157. Coauthor Harry Maihafer, then executive officer of I Company 21st Infantry Regiment, with one of his unit's KATUSA soldiers.
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-49
158. Pvt. Yun Chun, age fifteen, A KATUSA assigned to the 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Division.

According to his American officers, he was one of the best. He allegedly held a hill overnight with his M-1 rifle. RG6S-KWP.338 (SC 349319)

  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 4-50
159. Cpl. Richard Tablante of San Francisco, and Cpl. Erland D. Oregne of Soldier's Grove, Wisconsin, members of Company C, 1st Battalion, 9th Regiment, 2d Infantry Division, lead five ROK soldiers on a patrol near Tohosan. RG6S-KWP.69 (SC 347619)
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 4-51
160. South Korean civilians help to carry captured weapons.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 4-52
161. South Korean workmen carry rocks for the foundation of an earth bridge for the 1st Cavalry Division. RG6S-KWP.49 (SC 346925)
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-53
162. South Koreans, who are too old to fight, help to build an airstrip. RG6S-KWP.1655 (SC 345548)
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-54
163. "Little Joe," a South Korean orphan adopted by a medical company of the 25th Infantry Division proudly displays a North Korean weapon to Sgt. Clarence Hallis of Akron, Ohio. RG6S-KWP.397 (SC 347920)
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-55
164. ROK Noncommissioned Officer's School.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-56
165. ROK troops attend a class on mortar tactics at a training center in Korea. RG6S-KWP.1684 (SC 348406)
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-57
166. Marines bring in prisoners.

ARC identifier - 532405 NWDNS-127-N-A3242 - North Korean prisoners, taken by the Marines in a foothills fight, march single file across a rice paddy., 1950

  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 4-58
167. North Korean captives taken on the west bank of the Naktong River by soldiers of the 5th Regimental Combat Team, 24th Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.532 (SC 348931)
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 4-59
168. Wounded North Koreans eat in a hospital tent. RG6S-KWP.1974 (SC 346271)
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 4-60
169. American soldiers of the 25th Infantry Division proudly display a captured North Korean flag. RG6S-KWP.408 (SC 347762)
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 4-61
170. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff, at Haneda Air Force Base, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-1
171. Maj. Gen. Edward M. ("Ned") Almond, General MacArthur's chief of staff. (left) (also used for 5-11) (USN Photo 422376)
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-2
172. Senior U.S. officials gather to discuss the Inchon landing proposal.

Guests included Secretary of State Dean Acheson, members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Secretaries of Defense, the Army, Navy, and Air Force. RG6S-KWP.1301 (SC 346148)

  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-3
173. Rear Adm. James H. Doyle, Commander, Naval Assault Force, at Inchon. (USN Photo 423189)
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-4
174. Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. (center), Commander, 5th Marine Forces Pacific, during the Korean War, shown later as commandant. RG6S-KWP.1713 -?- .1723 (SC 165585)
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-5
175. General Almond (left) and Lieutenant General Shepherd go ashore in the launch of the USS Mt. McKinley. (U.S. Navy Photos)
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-6
176. Maj. Gen. Oliver P Smith and Rear Adm. James H. Doyle confer in board the USS Rochester. (U.S. Navy Photos)
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-7
177. Maj. Gen. David G. Barr Commander, 7th Infantry Division. (right)
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-8
178. ROK Army embarking for the Inchon invasion.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 5-9
179. ROK soldiers being briefed by a regimental commander.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 5-10
180. Vice Adm. Arthur D. Struble, Commander, Joint Task Force 7. (right) (also used for 5-2)
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 5-11
181. Landing beaches on Wolmi-do. RG6S-KWP.1736 (SC 348450)
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-12
182. Combat-loaded Marine aircraft. (U.S. Navy Photos)
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-13
183. S/Sgt. Carl W. Peters (left) and Sgt. Melvin R. Bataway (right) prepare ordnance on the flight deck of the USS Sicily. (U.S. Navy Photos)
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-14
184. U.S. Marines load their equipment and supplies at Kobe, Japan, in preparation fore the Inchon operation. RG6S-KWP.1733 (SC 348416) (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-15
185. ROK Marines preparing to fight.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-16
186. U.S. Marines board a troopship in Japan for their voyage to the objective. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-17
187. Marines eating breakfast on the morning of D-day. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-18
188. Landing ship medium rockets (LSMRs) soften up shore defenses as Marines assault Wolmi Island.

Note that Wolmi is connected to Inchon by a causeway. RG6S-KWP.764 (SC 348558)

  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-19
189. Members of the 1st Marine Division head for Blue Beach on Wolmi Island. RG6S-KWP.1735 (SC 348447)
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-20
190. Dead North Korean soldiers on Wolmi Island. RG6S-KWP.754 (SC 348476)
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-21
191. Maj. Gen. Field Harris, Commander, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. (Marine Corps Photo)
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-22
192. LCVPs from the USS Union prepare to land at Inchon.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-23
193. Landing craft heading to the beach.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-24
194. Waves of Leathernecks storm ashore at Inchon. RG6S-KWP.1232 (USMC A-3190)
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-25
195. Col. Lewis B. ("Chesty") Puller. – left to right – Puller, MacArthur, Smith.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-26
196. Gen. Douglas MacArthur (center) conferring with (left to right) Maj. Gen. Field Harris, USMC, and Rear Adm. James H. Doyle on board the USS Rochester.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-27
197. U.S. Marines in Inchon engaged in street fighting. RG6S-KWP.734 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-28
198. Men of the 1st Marine Division advancing through Inchon. RG6S-KWP.758 (SC 348498)
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-29
199. Supplies on Inchon's beaches after the invasion. RG6S-KWP.1839 (USN 420027)
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-30
200. South Korean refugees return to Inchon. RG6S-KWP.2092 (SC 348508)
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-31
201. North Korean tank in flames.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-32
202. North Korean POWs march past a destroyed T-34 tank. RG6S-KWP.738 (FEC-50-8908)
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-33
203. Members of the 1st Marine Division set up a field stove near the remains of a Soviet-type Il-3 airplane at Kimpo. RG6S-KWP.828 (USN 710027)
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-34
204. U.S. Marines relax in the burned-out headquarters building at Kimpo.
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-35
205. F-4U Corsair from the USS Philippine Sea at Kimpo airfield. RG6S-KWP.830 (USN 710029)
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-36
206. Col. Charles Beauchamp (left), Commander, 32d Infantry Regiment. (U.S. Army Photo)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-37
207. AMTRACs advancing across the Han River toward Seoul. RG6S-KWP.678 (SC 349166)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-38
208. American troops on their way to retake Seoul. RG6S-KWP.679 (SC 349170)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-39
209. M-4 tank rolling off a pontoon bridge after crossing the Han River. RG6S-KWP.677 (SC 349065)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-40
210. Americans forcing four North Korean troops from a bunker. RG6S-KWP.751 (SC 348472)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-41
211. Six North Korean captives being searched. RG6S-KWP.199 (SC 355217)
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-42
212. Rhee expresses his gratitude to UN forces and to General MacArthur at the liberation. Rhee (holding paper) stands behind podium.

Directly facing him is General MacArthur. RG6S-KWP.1023 (SC 349488)

  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-43
213. South Korean citizens gather to celebrate the liberation of Seoul by UN forces. RG6S-KWP.1532 (SC 349417)
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-44
214. ROK units parade triumphantly in newly-liberated Seoul.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-45
215. ROK units parade triumphantly in newly-liberated Seoul.
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-46
216. 24th Division casualties being evacuated from South Korea. RG6S-KWP.335 (SC 344877)
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-47
217. Pershing M-26 tanks cross the Kumho River on their way to the Naktong. RG6S-KWP.839 (SC 348820)
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-48
218. A North Korean 57-mm gun captured by the 2d Division. RG6S-KWP.993(SC 348860)
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-49
219. Maj. James Nobors of Talladega, Alabama, Operations Officer, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Division, examines captured documents. RG6S-KWP.84 (SC 348854)
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-50
220. Ninety-mm guns lay down a barrage in support of the 5th Regimental Combat Team. RG6S-KWP.1090 (SC 349290)
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-51
221. Men of the 5th Regimental Combat Team pinned down on the banks of the Naktong River. RG6S-KWP.907 (SC 349383)
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-52
222. Tanks and infantry of the 1st Cavalry Division advancing north. RG6S-KWP.16 (SC 350622)
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-53
223. Traffic jam caused by a long line of jeeps waiting to be ferried across the Kumho River. RG6S-KWP.840 (SC 349009)
  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 5-54
224. Deuce-and-a-halfs (2 1/2-ton trucks) crossing a river 8 miles northwest of Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1088 (SC 349005)
  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 5-55
225. Damaged North Korean caisson that had been adapted fro pulling by oxen. RG6S-KWP.870 (SC 348852)
  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 5-56
226. Five thousand communist prisoners cross the Han River on their way to a POW camp. RG6S-KWP.691 (SC 362272)
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 5-57
227. Senior Col. Lee Hak-ku, Chief of Staff, 13th Division, North Korean Army (right), who was captured by the 8th Cavalry Regiment near Taegu, is interrogated. RG6S-KWP.35 (SC 349093)
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 5-58
228. Mass grave and bodies of South Koreans, victims of communist atrocities. RG6S-KWP.2302 (SC 350335)
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 5-59
229. The result of a salvo from the USS Missouri that displaced an enemy mortar position. RG6S-KWP.932 (USN 710035)
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 5-60
230. U.S. Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall (left) with Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 5-61

Box Photo 2
Folder 1-4 Published Images, 1950 - 1990
231. Cpl. George D. Smedley of Mount Vernon, Indiana, and Sgt. Thomas P. Montana of Yuma, Arizona, 1st Cavalry Division keep watch along the 38th Parallel. RG6S-KWP36 (SC 350615)
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-1
232. UN forces crossing the 38th Parallel. ARC Identifier - 541822 (NWDNS-306-FS-259(21))
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-2
233. Gen. Douglas MacArthur (right) confers with Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, Commander Eighth Army.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-3
234. Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond, Commander, X Corps (left), with Army Chief of Staff J. Lawton Collins (right) RG6S-KWP.448(SC 354255)
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-4
235. Chou En-lai, Premier of the Peoples Republic of China. 53-5751
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-5
236. President Harry S Truman (left) and Gen. Douglas MacArthur at a meeting on Wake Island. - Harry S Truman Library
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-6
237. Special Ambassador Dean Rusk of the State Department, later to become Secretary of State. (Also on list H-7 ) (SC389439)
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-7
238. President Truman with key Korean War advisors.

From left, Special Assistant Averell Harriman, Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall, Truman, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, Treasury Secretary John Snyder, Army Secretary Frank Pace, and General Omar Bradley, Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. - Harry S Truman Library

  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-8
239. Chairman Mao Tse-tung (foreground) 54-3987
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-9
240. Paratroopers of the 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team, en route to Korea from Japan, gear up to board a C-119 Flying Boxcar. (NWDNS-342-AF-88059AC)
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-10
241. Australian troops, preparing to eat, on a hillside along the front. RG6S-KWP.1607 (SC 710035)
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-11
242. Officers of the Royal Australian Regiment confer with American officers for operations in the vicinity of Tongman-ni. RG6S-KWP.1606 (SC 352306)
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-12
243. Maj. Gen. Robert Soule, Commanding General, 3d Infantry Division, at Taegu airstrip. (left)
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-13
244. ROK band greets Filipino troops on their arrival in Korea. RG6S-KWP.1638 (SC 348884)
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-14
245. Turkish troops at Pusan. RG6S-KWP.1698 (SC 351460)
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-15
246. Thai troops disembarking as they prepare to join the fray. RG6S-KWP.1696 (SC 361378)
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-16
247. Brig. Gen. George Taylor, Commander, 29th British Brigade. (right)
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-17
248. Maj. Gen. Frank W. Milburn, Commander, I Corps. (right) RG6S-KWP.440(SC354739)
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-18
249. Posthumous Medal of Honor winner Lt. Samuel S. Coursen.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-19
250. ROK infantry advances north. 80-G-421399
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-20
251. Underwater demolition team en route to explode North Korean mines. (80-G-421399)
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-21
252. A South Korean mine-sweeper blows up in Wonsan harbor. RG6S-KWP.1161 (USN 423625)
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-22
253. Traveling 33 miles in eleven hours, troops of the 7th ROK move to new positions near Singye. RG6S-KWP.2208 (SC 354744)
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-23
254. Equipment of the 1st Marine Division, on board a ship off Wonsan. – USN Photo 421351 Caption from unknown book – Operation Yo-Yo – Back and forth, changing course at twelve-hour intervals, the ships bearing the Marines and their gear mark time during mine clearance operations at Wonsan.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-24
255. U.S. Marines landing at Wonsan. RG6S-KWP.1166 (SC 351829) 1st Division Marines at Wonsan 31 October 1950.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-25
256. Landing craft at Wonsan. RG6S-KWP.1165 (SC 351744)
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-26
257. Captured North Koreans waiting to be shipped out from Wonsan. RG6S-KWP.1162 (SC 351647)
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-27
258. Ruins at Wonsan. RG6S-KWP.1167 (SC 352685)
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-28
259. A Korean woman presenting flowers to Maj. Gen. Almond. RG6S-KWP.660 (SC 351601)
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-29
260. North Koreans welcoming their liberators. RG6S-KWP.659 (SC 351600)?
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-30
261. Men of the 7th Infantry Division assemble on the beaches at Iwon. RG6S-KWP.159 (SC 354186)
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-31
262. UN forces taking Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. RG6S-KWP.986 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-32
263. Mass rally by the North Korean people in their capital city of Pyongyang celebrating the occupation of the city by UN forces.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-33
264. Brig. Gen. Frank Bowen (left) confers with Gen. Matthew Ridgway. SA/FFC-51-3658
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-34
265. Airborne troops board a C-119 for a drop north of Pyongyang. RG6S-KWP.462 (SC 351492)
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-35
266. Paratroopers of the 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team readying for a jump. ARC Identifier – 542244 (NWDNS-342-AF-81649AC)
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-36
267. Paratroopers in action. ARC Identifier – 542238 (NWDNS-342-AF-80937AC)
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-37
268. General MacArthur peering from his airplane as he watches paratroopers drop behind enemy lines. RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 351290)
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-38
269. U.S. flag raised at Sukchon, site of the first airborne assault of the war.

Four hundred troops were dropped between Sukchon and Sunchon. RG6S-KWP.459 (SC 351295)

  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-39
270. Residents of Hamhung identify the bodies of some three hundred political prisoners who suffocated in caves sealed off by North Korean soldiers. ARC Identifier – 531380 (NWDNS-111-AF-351359)
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-40
271. Cpl. Thomas A. Edwards of New York City, 8th Cavalry Regiment, is fed by Pfc. Cornelius Bosma of Ontario, California, a member of the 8063d MASH. RG6S-KWP.37 (SC 351943)
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-42
272. The first Chinese troops captured outside of Hamhung. RG6S-KWP.1639 (SC 351717)
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-43
273. B-29s dropping bombs on North Korean targets. ARC Identifier – 542229 (NWDNS-111-AF-351359)
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 6-44
274. F-80 fighter, carrying two 75-gallon tanks of napalm on its wings, heads into action. ARC Identifier – 542212 (NWDNS-111-AF-351359) NAPALM CARRIER.

One hundred and fifty gallons of flaming death, seventy five gallons of napalm in each of the dark colored wing tanks, speeds on its way toward enemy lines in Korea through courtesy of an F-80 jet fighter of the U.S. Far East Air Forces, ca. 01/02/1951

  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 6-45
275. Chaplain Burgress Riddle holds Thanksgiving Day services on the banks of the Yalu River.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 6-46
276. Maj. Gen. Oliver P. Smith, Commander, 1st Marine Division. (right) RG6S-KWP.1370 (SC 361318)
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 6-47
277. U.S. Army Chief of Staff J. Lawton (right) conferring with X Corps Commander Almond at the Hamhung airstrip. RG6S-KWP.448 (SC 354255)
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 6-48
278. Lined up bumper to bumper, this chain of vehicles inches along a road.

Withdrawing from Hongchon to Wonju, a distance of 36 miles, took ten and one-half hours. RG6S-KWP.706 (SC 355931)

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 6-49
279. U.S. Marines move south from Koto-ri. (USMC Photo A 5372)
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-50
280. Bitter cold, bitter fight. ARC Identifier – 542229 (NWDNS-111-AF-351359) BITTER COLD, BITTER FIGHT.

While units of the U.S. Far East Air Forces Combat Cargo Command made an all-out effort to aid embattled units of the First Marine Division and Seventh Infantry Division, the men fighting in Korea were trying desperately to link up in their battle for survival. This marine is shown just as he reached the crest of the ridge at the link-up point. Wet, stinging snow and ice made the operation the most difficult sort, as unleashed hordes of communist troops charge again and again into the United Nations forces.

  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-51
281. Marine base at the foot of the Chosin Reservoir. (USMC Photo A 4971)
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-52
282. Walking wounded await evacuation from Hagaru-ri. (USMC Photo A 5683)
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-53
283. Military installations burn as Wonsan is evacuated. RG6S-KWP.1170 (SC 354094)
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-54
284. Thousands of terror-stricken Koreans move south. (SC 355573)
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-55
286. Friendly North Korean volunteer to aid the South as guerrilla fighters.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-56
287. Vehicles being loaded on board ships during withdrawal from Hungnam. RG6S-KWP.2244 (USN 423919)
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 6-57
288. Troops of the 7th Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, wading through icy water as they evacuate the beaches. RG6S-KWP.125 (SC 355588)
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 6-58
289. Desperate refugees use anything that will float to evacuate Hungnam. ARC Identifier – 520782 (NWDNS-80-AF-424513)
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 6-59
290. General Smith pays homage to the fallen members of his 1st Marine Division before departing from Hungnam. (USN 424567)
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 6-60
291. Docks at Hungnam being destroyed by UN forces. RG6S-KWP.711 (SC 354901)
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 6-61
292. Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker just before his death. (center)
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 6-62
293. This truck from the 6th ROK Division collided with General Walker's jeep.

The accident resulted in the general's death. RG6S-KWP.1643 (No SC #)

  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 6-63
294. Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. (right)
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 6-64
295. Lt. Gen Matthew B. Ridgway (right) assumes command of the Eighth Army.

Here, on December 26, 1950, he is greeted by Maj. Gen. Levan G. Allen, Chief of Staff. (SC 355215)

  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-1
296. Elements of the 3d Infantry Division fall back from Osan. RG6S-KWP.143 (SC 336530)
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-2
297. General Ridgway (right) doing some hands-on planning with an officer at the front. FEC-51-3257
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-3
298. General Ridgway (second from left) is briefed at a 19th Infantry Regiment observation post.
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-4
299. Men of the 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Division, in retreat ten miles south of Seoul.
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-5
300. Abridge over the Han River is blown as the last UN forces retreat from Seoul. RG6S-KWP.1037 (SC 355559)
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-6
301. With bridges blown, refugees are forced to flee across the frozen Han River. ARC Identifier – 541965 (NWDNS-306-PS-52(2719))
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-7
302. Citizens fleeing in the snow. RG6S-KWP.2096 (SC 356475) ARC Identifier – 531397 (NWDNS-111- SC-356475)
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-8
303. A B-26 Invader rains flames of destruction on North Korean targets below. ARC Identifier – 542233 (NWDNS-342-AF-87345AC)
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-9
304. A B-29 Superfortress crew makes ready for a mission over North Korea. ARC Identifier – 542287 (NWDNS-342-AF-80590AC)
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-10
305. General Ridgway (left) chatting with Maj. Gen. Claude B. Ferenbaugh, Commander, 7th Division. FEC-51-5790
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-11
306. Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. ("Babe") Bryan, the new commanding general of the 24th Division.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-12
307. Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore, Commander, IX Corps. (right)
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-13
308. Maj. Gen. John B. Coulter (right) talking with General Ridgway prior to Coulter's departure as IX Corps commander. (also listed as G11) FEC-51-1424
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-14
309. Gen J. Lawton Collins (left) accompanied by LT. Gen. Ridgway (center) is greeted by Maj. Gen. Frank W, Milburn, Commanding General, I Corps. (also listed as M2) 8A/FEC-51-958
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-15
310. April 3, 1951. General MacArthur (right) is greeted by General Ridgway (left). RG6S-KWP.1369 (SC 359645)
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-16
311. Generals MacArthur (center front) and Ridgway (right front) survey the situation at the front.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-17
312. Members if the 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Division, move forward.

They pay little heed to a dead North Korean soldiers disguised as a civilian. RG6S-KWP.402 (SC 357568)

  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-18
313. Tanks move into position for direct fire as men of the 25th Infantry Division dig in near Suwon. RG6S-KWP.399 (SC 355898)
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-19
314. Men of the 27th Infantry Regiment and M-46 tanks of the 64th Tank Battalion forge ahead 10 miles southwest of Seoul. RG6S-KWP.401 (SC 357558)
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-20
315. A medic tending to the wounds of an American GI. RG6S-KWP.58 (No SC #)
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-21
316. Sgt. Mike Chalooga of Honolulu, Hawaii, examines a dead North Korean soldier who was carrying an American short-story magazine. RG6S-KWP.541 (SC 358010)
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-22
317. General Ridgway (left) and Maj. Gen. Charles D. Palmer, Commanding General 1st Cavalry Division, discuss the Chipyong-ni situation. (Also listed as M38) 8A/FEC-51-5435
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-23
318. General Ridgway (at microphone) addresses French forces during a ceremony at which they are awarded a battle streamer for their actions at Chipyong-ni. 8A/FEC-51-5913 (SC 359682)
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-24
319. General Ridgway presents a Silver Star to 1st Lt. Pierre Laniel, a French officer wounded in action.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-25
320. The USS Lind shells targets from her position in Wonsan harbor. RG6S-KWP.1858 (SC 361092)
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-26
321. Smoke and flames rise in the air after U.S. Air Force planes drop bombs on bridges over the Han River. RG6S-KWP.688 (SC 357649)
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-27
322. Men of the 54th Military Police Company, 1st Cavalry Division, bring in three Chinese prisoners. RG6S-KWP.57 (SC 359744)
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-28
323. GIs remove a dead enemy from railroad tracks.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-29
324. Marines capture Chinese prisoners at Hoensong. ARC Identifier – 532414 (NWDNS-127-N-A6759)
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-30
325. North Korean POW being deloused by Cpl. Kenneth White (right) of Grand Junction, Colorado, and PFC. Carol Cutting of Kezar Falls, Maine. RG6S-KWP.1975 (SC 346611)
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-31
326. Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore. Authorized a third star, he did not live long enough to receive it. 8A/FEC-51-2872
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-32
327. General Moore's casket being loaded on an airplane for its journey home. (also listed as M41) 8A/FEC-51-5605
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-33
328. Maj. Gen. William M. Hoge, the new commanding general of IX Corps. (left) RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 361967)
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-34
329. Men of the 25th infantry Division direct artillery fire near the 38th Parallel.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-35
330. Paratroopers of the 187th Regimental Combat Team jump from C-119s near Munsan-ni. RG6S-KWP.455 (A.C. 79676)
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-36
331. Paratroopers float toward earth near Munsan-ni. RG6S-KWP.465 (FEC-51-8843)
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-37
332. Pinned down by enemy fire, men of the 3d Infantry Division take cover. (also listed as M38.) RG6S-KWP.133 (SC 362337)
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-38
333. SFC D.C. Miller of Avon, New York (right), erects a sign on the 38th Parallel to mark the 2d Infantry Division's second crossing into North Korea. RG6S-KWP.1121 (SC 364899)
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-39
334. Leaving Kimpo Air Force Base for an inspection tour are (left to right) General Ridgway, Maj. Gen. Doyle O. Hickey, Eighth Army, General MacArthur, and a driver. (also listed as G24) Signal Corps Photo 8Z/FEC-51-3968 (SC 358243)
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-40
335. Secretary of the Army Frank Pace.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-41
336. General MacArthur waves during a New York City ticker tape parade. With him is New York Mayor Vincent Impellitteri. 51-6391
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-42
337. New Eighth Army commander, Lt. Gen. James A. Van Fleet (second from left) arrives at the 24th Division's airstrip.

Saluting is 24th Division Chief of Staff Col. Charles S. O'Malley. Hidden behind O'Malley is General Bryan, Commander, 24th Infantry Division. At far left is Bryan's aide-de-camp, Lt. Harry J. Maihafer.

  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-43
338. A Chinese POW. RG6S-KWP.108 (FEC-51-23553)
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-44
339. More Chinese prisoners. From the looks on their faces, they are being treated well. (USMC Photo A 4500)
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-45
340. Results of a B-29 raid on the Pyongyang rail yard. ARC Identifier – 542284 (NWDNS-342-AF-87020AC)
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-46
341. An F-86 Sabrejet, America's fastest fighter at the time.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-47
342. Vice Adm. C, Turner Joy, senior U.S. military advisor in Korea. (left) FEC-52-5359
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-48
343. Kaesong conference site, where the first phase of the military armistice negotiations began in July 1951.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-49
344. UN delegates on their way to the negotiations at Kaesong.

Left to right in backseat of the jeep are Maj. Gen. Laurence C. Craigie, Vice Commander, Far Eastern Air Forces, and Maj. Gen. Paik Sun Yup, Commanding General, 1st ROK Corps. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, Commander, Naval Forces, far East, is in the front passenger seat. RG6S-KWP.798 (SC 372278)

  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-50
345. Admiral Joy (left) and Maj. Gen. Henry I. Hodes, leaving for chow, pass a North Korean guard along the way. RG6S-KWP.801 (SC 372320)
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-51
346. Communist delegation at the Kaesong armistice meeting.

North Korean Gen Nam Il is in the center. ARC Identifier – 532414 (NRE-338-FTL(EF)-3165(5))

  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-52
347. Communist soldiers stand outside the conference room during a break in the armistice sessions at Kaesong. RG6S-KWP.802 (SC 372323)
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-53
348. Men of the 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Division, camouflage their foxholes in the Kagae-dong area. RG6S-KWP.124 (SC 354104)
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-54
349. UN troops moving up Hill 717. RG6S-KWP.100 (FEC-51-23544)
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-55
350. A general view of Hill 346 that shows enemy communication trenches from bunker to bunker. RG6S-KWP.703 (FEC-51-41070)
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-56
351. Patrolling Marines take a break.

As negotiations dragged on, men continued to fight and die. ARC Identifier – 532424 (NWDNS-127-N-A156980)

  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-57
352. Enemy T-34 tank put out of action by a mine.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-1
353. The wreckage of a tank that was caught on a bridge by planes of the U.S. Air Force. ARC Identifier – 530633 (NWDNS-111-C-6143)
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-2
354. The 3.5 inch bazooka, a very effective antitank weapon.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-3
355. North Korean soldiers, carrying burp guns, execute a change of guard at Kaesong. RG6S-KWP.800 (SC 372319)
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-4
356. A standard .31-caliber rifle used by communist forces. RG6S-KWP.83 (SC 3488848)
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-5
357. Wheel-carriage-mounted machine gun.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-6
358. Another type of mounted machine gun used by the communist forces.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-7
359. A captured Bren gun. RG6S-KWP.1485 (SC 348917)
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-8
360. A Soviet 120-mm mortar used by the North Korean People's Army. RG6S-KWP.850 (SC 388185)
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-9
361. A Chinese howitzer.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-10
362. Another Chinese howitzer.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-11
363. A Soviet-made armored car.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-12
364. Capt. Wayne Crawford of Jackson, Michigan, inspects the cockpit of a captured North Korean Yak fighter. RG6S-KWP.1459 (A.C. 77591)
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-13
365. A captured MiG-15, its markings masked by military censors. ARC Identifier – 542266 (NWDNS-342-AF-83963AC)
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-14
366. Pvt. Leonard Wensel of South River, New Jersey, with his M-1 Garand rifle, takes a break. RG6S-KWP.30 (SC 361815)
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-15
367. A platoon of the 3d Infantry Division advances against a ridge on Hill 717.

The men are armed with rifles, carbines, and BARS. RG6S-KWP.128 (SC 372740)

  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-16
368. SFC Major Cleveland (left), weapons squad leader, points out an enemy position to his machine-gun crew. ARC Identifier – 531389 (NWDNS-111-SC-353469)
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-17
369. Machine-gun crew at an observation post.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-18
370. Two soldiers firing a 60-mm mortar.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-19
371. 57-mm recoilless rifle team in action. RG6S-KWP.344 (SC 362846)
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-20
372. Soldier firing a recoilless rifle.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-21
373. A 105-mm howitzer being fired by members of the 99th Field Artillery Battalion. RG6S-KWP.43 (SC 351234)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-22
374. At dusk, artillerymen of the 11th Field Artillery Battalion, 24th Infantry Division, fire 155-mm howitzer. RG6S-KWP.324 (SC 345558)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-23
375. The M-24 General Chaffee light tank.
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-24
376. An M-4 Sherman tank uses a flamethrower on a Chinese pillbox near the Han River. RG6S-KWP.422 (SC 361283)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-25
377. An M-26 Pershing tank moves into position. RG6S-KWP.1929 (SC 347104)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-26
378. An M-46 Patton tank, carrying troops of the 25th Infantry Division, forges ahead. RG6S-KWP.401 (SC 357558)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-27
379. A wounded soldier is reassured by medics who carry him away from a helicopter medevac. ARC Identifier – 542227 (NWDNS-342-AF-80237AC)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-28
380. A 7th Division L-5E Sentinel aircraft is refueled by Cpl. Charles Morehead of Sherman, West Virginia. RG6S-KWP.155 (SC 356532)
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-29
381. Northwest of Taegu, vehicles cross a pontoon bridge erected by the 8th Combat Engineers Battalion. RG6S-KWP.48 (SC 346739)
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-30
382. Troops utilize footbridges as tables for their chow.
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-31
383. A minesweeping team from the 3d Combat Engineer Battalion locates and clears mines from a road. RG6S-KWP.243 or RG6S-KWP.247
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-32
384. A transmitter and receiver station erected by the 13th Signal Company, 1st Cavalry Division, on a mountaintop near Kaesong. RG6S-KWP.53 (SC 351673)
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-33
385. A supply area for vehicle parts belonging to the 27th Ordnance company, 24th Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.261
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-34
386. Ammunition dump no. 66 located in South Korea. RG6S-KWP.1179 (SC 379657)
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-35
387. The USS Antietam under way off the East coast of Korea with Task Force 77. 80-G-434525
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-36
388. U.S. Navy F-2 fighters launch from the deck of the USS Lake Champlain. 80-G-484717
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-37
389. The USS Iowa fires her 16-inch guns at enemy targets. 80-G-447984
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-38
390. An A-1 Skyraider returns to the USS Bon Homme Richard after a mission. 80-G-449702
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-39
391. American, Australian, and South Korean aircraft at airstrip near Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1069 (SC 344985)
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-40
392. In a tight formation, B-26 Invaders head for their home base in Japan after a mission over North Korea.

The aircraft carried .50-caliber cannons and napalm bombs. ARC Identifier – 542239 (NWDNS-342-AF-81321AC)

  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-41
393. A formation of B-29s dropping bombs over North Korea. ARC Identifier – 542198 (NWDNS-342-AF-77453AC)
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-42
394. Laden with 500-pound high-explosive bombs, U.S. Air Force F-80 Shooting Stars fly toward the front. ARC Identifier – 542314 (NWDNS-342-AF-116806AC)
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-43
395. F-86 Sabrejets patrol MiG Alley in northwest Korea. ARC Identifier – 542186 (NWDNS-342-AF-A84042AC)
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-44
396. A C-124 Globemaster, the largest transport plane of its day. (RG79S Aircraft C124 Box 2- penciled on back of photo)
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-45
397. Nurse Lt Loraine Williams tends to a patient at the 121st Evacuation Hospital, Yongdong-po. RG6S-KWP.1190 (SC 349961)
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-1
398. Lt Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway presents the Bronze Star to Maj. Bernice Coleman, Chief Nurse, 1st MASH, for her outstanding service in the care and treatment of wounded men. (SC 359680)
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-2
399. Capt. Don Artuso, with 2d Lt. Kathryne Polesky in a MASH unit somewhere in Korea. RG6S-KWP.554 (SC 456700)
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-3
400. A "real" MASH – the 8225th. RG6S-KWP.557 (SC 328662)
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-4
401. Lt Ralph Barnes, Company C, 15th Infantry Regiment, throws a hand grenade toward a Chinese position near Uijongbu. RG6S-KWP.130 (FEC-51-9245)
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-5
402. Mortar firing from a built-up position.

Note sandbags and fortified bunker. RG6S-KWP.1244 (No SC #)

  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-6
403. A reading of caution in front of the Hantan River bridge on Road 3 near Kumhwa. (M.L.R. means "Main Line of Resistance.") RG6S-KWP.843 (SC 416204)
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-7
404. A USO group performs for the 24th Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-8
405. The war became "official" when Bob Hope, the most active and famous USO entertainer of the twentieth century, arrived to entertain the troops. USN Photo
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-9
406. Soldiers enjoying refreshments at the Masan Service Club. RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 404134)
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-10
407. Chinese and North Korean delegates leaving a conference. RG6S-KWP.811 (SC 375395)
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-11
408. After a frustrating day with no agreement reached between the two factions, Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway leaves the conference tent.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-12
409. Homemade Chinese weapons confiscated during riots at POW camp no. 10 on May 20, 1952.

The weapons were made from bedposts, tent poles, and any objects that could be sharpened. RG6S-KWP.1516 (SC 414740)

  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-13
410. A Communist POW verbally abuses a U.S. Army major at a prisoner exchange in Panmunjom. ARC Identifier – 542273 (NWDNS-342-AF-84386AC)
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-14
411. Exercising North Korean POWs.

Their humane treatment was in sharp contrast to that received by UN prisoners. ARC Identifier – 542194 (NWDNS-342-AF-77154AC)

  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-15
412. General Ridgway (left) and Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark discuss strategy just before Ridgway is replaced as commander in chief of the UN command. 8A-/FEC-51-4354
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-16
413. The F-51 Mustang was the last of the great prop fighters.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-17
414. B-26s leave targets at Korangpro-ri in smoke and flames. ARC Identifier – 542240 (NWDNS-342-AF-81448AC)
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-18
415. B-29s dropped thousands of tons of bombs on enemy targets during the last days of the war. ARC Identifier – 542229 (NWDNS-342-AF-80327AC)
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-19
416. "Esprit de corps."

Six African American crewmen of the 917th Bomber Wing join hands before a mission. ARC Identifier – 542322 (NWDNS-342-AF-123414AC)

  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-20
417. GIs dig in at positions on Old Baldy. RG6S-KWP.77 (FEC-52-23212)
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-21
418. Frustrated UN representatives leave yet another fruitless peace commission meeting. RG6S-KWP.813 (SC 375407)
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-22
419. UN POW camp at Pusan held both North Korean and Chinese prisoners. ARC Identifier – 541956 (NWDNS-306-PS-51(7134))
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-23
420. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower (left) and his son Maj. John Eisenhower, at the Light Air Section, 3d Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.96 (SC 416347)
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-24
421. President-elect Eisenhower eats dinner with S/Sgt. Virgil Hutchinson, a squad leader in the 3d Infantry Division. RG6S-KWP.140 (SC 416354)
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-25
422. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-26
423. Guns of the 937th Field Artillery Battalion fire to break up a communist night attack. RG6S-KWP.481 (SC 385821)
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-27
424. Impact area during a night of heavy fighting by the 2d Rocket Field Artillery battery in the Chorwon area. RG6S-KWP.470 (SC 419050)
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-28
425. Maj. Gen. Lee Snag-jo, communist liaison officer at Panmunjom, departs after agreeing to the exchange of sick and wounded POWs. ARC Identifier – 542263 (NWDNS-342-AF-83382AC
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-29
426. UN delegates Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, U.S. Navy (left) and other liaison officers look over the site of the POW exchange (Little Switch) at Panmunjom. RG6S-KWP.922 (FEC-53-2721)
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-30
427. Gen. William K. Harrison, Jr. (sitting at table on left) and North Korean Gen. Nam Il (sitting at table on right) sign armistice documents to end the three-year Korean conflict. ARC Identifier – 520995 (NWDNS-80-G-625728)
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-31
428. A view of the Freedom Tent, the POW exchange point at Freedom Village in Munsan-ni. ARC Identifier – 542262 (NWDNS-342-AF-83188AC)
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-32
429. UN POWs are off-loaded from ambulances at Panmunjom.

ARC Identifier – 542188 (NWDNS-342-AF-83243AC) At Panmunjom, Korea, POW's (recently repatriated in the UN POW exchange) are off-loaded from ambulances. Note the ones in the foreground walking towards tent., 04/21/1953

  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-33
430. Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, former commanding general of the 24th Infantry Division (in dark suit), is repatriated under the terms of the POW exchange (Big Switch) after three years in captivity.

He is greeted by General Taylor (left) on his arrival at Freedom Village. RG6S-KWP.XX (SC 426786)

  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-34
431. An anticommunist North Korean just released from a POW camp acts as a cheerleader for other recently released POWs as he waves a South Korean flag. ARC Identifier – 541966 (NWDNS-306-PS-54(1497))
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-35
432. A happy reunion on board a C-124 for a released POW. Capt. Zach W. Dean of El Dorado, Kansas, clasps his wife tightly just after the plane lands in Tokyo. ARC Identifier – 542286 (NWDNS-342-AF-87324AC)
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-36
433. Syngman Rhee visits the ROK 1st Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 10-1
434. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, U.S. Army Chief of Staff, decorates South Korean soldiers.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 10-2
435. Australian troops cross the 38th Parallel at Tamuri. RG6S-KWP.1116 (SC 362661)
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 10-3
436. Members of the Belgian Battalion advance against the Chinese. RG6S-KWP.1611 (SC 358659)
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 10-4
437. Colombian soldiers walk down the gangplank in Pusan to join UN forces in Korea. RG6S-KWP.1614 (SC 370431)
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 10-5
438. Pfc. Morris J. Piche of Ottawa, Canada (left), is helped by a fellow Canadian, Lance Cpl. W.J. Chrysler of Hamilton, Ontario. RG6S-KWP.1613 (SC 359414)
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 10-6
439. Bagpiper leads a platoon of Welsh Highlanders through the IX Corps area. RG6S-KWP.1629 (SC 354758)
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 10-7
440. Staff officers of the 60th Indian Field Ambulance Unit at Taegu. RG6S-KWP.1637 (SC 3555512)
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 10-8
441. Lt. Col. John Hopkins, Commander, 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, leads a memorial service in the field. ARC Identifier – 532416 (NWDNS-127-N-A9345)
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 10-9
442. Men of the 61st Middlesex Regiment pray at a funeral service for three of their comrades.
  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 10-10
443. 61st National Athletic Competition, Seoul, 1998.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-11
444. Downtown Seoul with a view of City Hall, 1999.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-12
445. Po-hang Steel Company.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-13
446. Modern agriculture.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-14
447. Traditional Korean dance preformed by young women to celebrate the coming harvest, 1999.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-15
448. Chong Ro, Seoul's "Main Street," 1999.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-16
449. Skyline of Seoul with Namsam Mountain in the background.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-17
450. Task Force Smith Monument, Osan, Korea.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-18
451. Korean War Memorial, Nashville, Tennessee.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-19
452. Korean War Memorial, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-20
453. Korean War Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-21
454. Korean War Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-22
Folder 5-16 Extras, 1950 - 1999
Folder 17-19 Photocopied, c. 1950 - 1953

Box Photo 3
Folder 1-3 Photocopied, c. 1950 - 1953

Section: Matthew B. Ridgway

Folder 4 Pre-World War II Military Service, c. 1917 - 1933
Folder 5 World War II Military Service, 1943 - 1945
Folder 6 Post World War II Military Service, 1946 - 1949
Folder 7 Post Korea Military Service, 1952 - 1999
Folder 8 Press Photos with Family, 1950 - 1975

Section: Spanish American War

Folder 9-16 Published Images, 1898 - 1915
1. Two señoritas pose for a photographer on a balcony overlooking the courtyard of the Grand Hotel at Puerto Príncipe.
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-1
2. Cuban natives of mixed blood gather in front of a hut in Cabaignon for photographer E.C. Rost, who accompanied the U. S. Army in Cuba.
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-2
3. Reconcentrados, black victims of Weyler's policies directed against the insurgents, stare at Rost near one of the Cuban civil hospitals.
  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-3
4. The port of Santiago
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-4
5. Street scene near the wharf in Santiago
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-5
6. Marina Calle (Marina Street), showing the city market
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-6
7. Church of Santa Lucia
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-7
8. San Felix Calle, with raw sewage coursing down the middle of the through-fare
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-8
9. Santiago’s bullfight arena, on the north-eastern outskirts of the city.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-9
10. Interior of the building
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-10
11. The small town of Sancti Spiritus
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-11
12. The port of Havana, Cuba’s capital and largest city.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-12
13. Residence of the captain general in Havana.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-13
14. Cubans reenact the atrocity at Alemenda Wall outside Santiago where the Spanish shot the Virginius prisoners.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-14
15. Maj. Gen. MáximoGómez y Báez, general-in-chief and leader of the Cuban insurgents
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-15
16. Fitzhugh Lee, American consul general in Havana
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-17
17. The U.S. battleship Maine stands in to Havana harbor, January 25, 1898.
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-18
18. The unprotected cruiser Montgomery in the mid-1890s.
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-19
19. Cmdr. George A. Converse, Montgomery's commanding officer
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-20
20. Consul Fitzhugh Lee (center) sits with Capt. Charles D. Sigsbee, commanding officer of the battleship Maine's junior officers, on board a steamer in Havana harbor.

Sigsbee survived the destruction of his ship; Jenkins did not.

  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-21
21. Clara Barton, famed Red Cross nurse
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-22
22. Contemporary view of Maine's destruction.

Less garish than most, this view shows clearly her proximity to other ships.

  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-24
23. Wreckage of Maine following the explosion of her magazine on the night of February 15, 1898.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-25
24. Pvt. William Anthony, USMC
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-26
25. American sailors close aboard Maine after hanging a wreath from the wrecked battleship's mainmast
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-27
26. Numerous wreaths adorn Maine's mainmast from which also files the Stars and Strips at half-mast.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-28
27. Maine's wreck the morning after the explosion
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-29
28. Funeral procession for Maine's dead
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-30
29. A contemporary cartoon reflects typical reactions to Maine's sinking.
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-31
30. The Maine court of inquiry examines Ens. Wilfred V. N. Powelson (third from right) on board the lighthouse tender Mangrove in Havana harbor.

Members of the court include (left to right) Capts. French E. Chadwick and William T. Sampson and Lt. Cmdrs. William R. Potter and Adolph Marix. Powelson, assigned to the transport Fern, headed the diving operations on Maine's wreck. The court examined him on at least five occasions.

  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-32
31. ” Cuba libre!"
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-33
32. The San Carlos Club in Santiago – hotbed of sentiment for the annexation of Cuba to the United States
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-34
33. Artist's rendition of President McKinley signing the American signing the American ultimatum to the Spanish government
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-35
34. A dapper prospective recruit studies enlistment circulars in front of a post office branch in New York City under the watchful eyes of a private and corporal.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-1
35. Other prospects ask another corporal about enlistment.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-2
36. While spending "a few moments" in the squad room above the post office, recruits learn their first hard lesson about life in the Army – "Hurry up and wait."
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-3
37. While filling out enlistment papers, recruits undergo close questioning by the recruiting sergeant.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-4
38. As the recruiting sergeant looks on, an officer administers the oath of enlistment to the new enlistee.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-5
39. "You're in the Army!"

Newly enlisted men draw uniforms at the recruiting station.

  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-6
40. View of the training camp at Montauk, New York, on the eastern tip of Long Island
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-7
41. Field officers of the 1st Volunteer Cavalry, or "Rough Riders," relax in front of their tent while their unit trains at the International Fairgrounds in San Antonio, Texas, during May 1898.

They are (left to right) Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt, Col. Leonard Wood, and Maj. Alexander Brodie.

  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-8
42. Officer's mess in the Rough Riders' camp in San Antonio, with Colonel Wood and Roosevelt seated at the head of the table.
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-9
43. A New York volunteer infantry regiment drills in camp at Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-10
44. Prisoners grade an area near the hospital at Camp McKenzie, Georgia.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-11
45. African-American soldiers of the 3rd Alabama National Guard pose at Camp Shipp, near Anniston, in east central Alabama.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-12
46. Men line up for dinner at Camp Alger near Fairfax, Virginia.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-13
47. Men at Camp Alger gather round a photographer while he works his "Biograph," preparing for a unit portrait.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-14
48. Payday at Camp Alger fro the 8th Ohio Volunteers, on the day they left for Tampa, Florida, in 1898
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-15
49. After loading a wagon, the 8th Ohio breaks camp.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-16
50. The 8th Ohio marches away from Camp Alger for the last time, taking the step from regimental field music, probably the traditional tune, "The Girl I Left Behind Me."
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-17
51. An artillery unit's limbers lie ready for transport to Tampa, lashed and secured to the bed of a Seaboard Air Line flatcar.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-18
52. The men of the 4th Artillery draw an admiring crowd as they depart fro Tampa and points south.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-19
53. The 21st U.S. Regulars board a passenger train in Plattsburg, New York.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-20
54. In a scene that must have quickened pulses and moistened many an eye, the 9th Massachusetts Volunteers depart Clinton, Massachusetts, on May 4, 1898.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-21
55. Freight cars carrying equipment for the expedition to Cuba crowd into the railyard in Tampa.
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-22
56. The 9th U.S. Infantry, one of the most photographed units of the Santiago Campaign, encamped in a dry, sandy, piney wood in the marshaling area near Tampa.
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-23
57. One of the more fortunate officers accompanied by his wife
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-24
58. "To the rear in open order, march! Inspection arms."

Troops of the 9thh Infantry stand at attention for firearms inspection by a junior officer. Photographs 2-25, 2-26, and 2-27 were taken by Capt. Willis Wittich, a prolific photographer in Florida and in Cuba.

  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-25
59. Prone firing exercises in the camps at Tampa
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-26
60. The 21st Infantry on a dusty practice march
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-27
61. Weighing an issue of beef for the men of the 21st infantry
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-28
62. Parched and sweat-drenched in the near-tropical Florida climate, men line up at the sound of mess call, awaiting their repast among the pines.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-29
63. Regulars of Company A, 2d Infantry mug for the camera while savoring their evening meal in Tampa.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-30
64. William McKinley, Jr. president of the United States
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-1
65. William Randolph Hearst, publisher of the New York Journal
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 3-2
66. Stewart L. Woodford, U.S. minister to Spain
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-3
67. William R. Day, U.S. secretary of state
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-4
68. Russell A. Alger, U.S. secretary of war
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 3-5
69. John D. Long, U.S. secretary of the navy
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-6
70. Maj. Gen. William R. Shafter, commanding general, V Corps
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-7
71. Calixto García Íñiguez, commanding general, Cuban troops, province of Santiago
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 3-8
72. Commodore George Dewey, commander, U.S. naval forces, Asiatic Station
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 3-9
73. Alfonso XIII, king of Spain
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 3-10
74. Don Carlos, pretender to the Spanish throne
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 3-12
75. General Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, governor general of Cuba before the outbreak of hostilities
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 3-13
76. Práxedes Sagasta, Spanish prime minister
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 3-14
77. Capt. Gen. Ramón Blanco y Erenas, governor general of Cuba
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 3-15
78. Brig. Gen. Arsenio Linares y Pomba, commanding general army corps, Santiago
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 3-16
79. Admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete, commander, Spanish naval squadron before Santiago
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-17
80. Admiral Manuel de la Cámara y Libermoore, commander, Spanish naval squadron in Spanish waters
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-18
81. Admiral Patricio Montojo y Parasón, commander, Spanish naval squadron off Manila Bay
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 3-19
82. U.S. regulars from the 12th Infantry stand ready fro action, armed with Krag-Jörgensen rifles.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 4-1
83. American infantry dug in on a firing line during exercises in camp near Tampa.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 4-2
84. Krag-Jörgensen Model 1892 .30-caliber rifle and cavalry carbine, both generally issued to regulars.

Note the snap-on, tinned hood covering the carbine's front sight, in place to protect the sight in the saddle scabbard.

  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 4-3
85. Springfield rifles, Model 1873, .45-.70 caliber, issued to volunteer units due to a shortage of Krag-Jörgensen
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-4
86. A horse-drawn artillery piece with limber in one of the many camps surrounding Tampa during the summer of 1898
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-5
87. A Gatling gun parked in the tall grass behind the siege lines at Santiago
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-6
88. The famous Sims-Dudley dynamite gun in Tampa on its way to a Cuba-bound transport, probably Leona, to which the 10th Cavalry was assigned
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-7
89. Army pack mules during the Santiago Campaign
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-8
90. A mule-drawn U.S. Army ambulance before being loaded at Tampa.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 4-9
91. The main road leading to Güines, Cuba
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 4-10
92. The "road" between La Sierra and San Blas, Cuba
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 4-11
93. The battleship Oregon off San Francisco, March 19, 1898
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 4-12
94. Sailors practice loading one of the 8-inch/.35-caliber BLRs of the armored cruiser New York, circa 1898.
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 4-13
95. After her maiden voyage from England, the armored cruiser Amazonas (soon to be renamed New Orleans) arrives at the New York Navy Yard on April 15, 1898.
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 4-14
96. The auxiliary cruiser Yankee fits out at the New York Navy Yard on April 27, 1898.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 4-15
97. The Civil War-era monitor, Jason, originally named Sangamon and a veteran of service in the North Atlantic and South Atlantic blockade squadrons, fits out at the New York Navy Yard on May 28, 1898.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 4-16
98. Proud and defiant, a Cuban soldier is ready for action against the Spanish.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 4-17
99. Cubans irregulars meet Americans during the advance from Siboney in June 1898.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 4-18
100. Members of the 25th Company, Alfonso Guards, stand proudly in front of their barracks in Puerto Rico.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 4-19
101. The Spanish Mauser, Model 1893, issued to Spanish troops serving in Cuba
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 4-20
102. The Mercedes Barracks situated on a broad plateau outside the city of Santiago
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 4-21
103. Redoubt Chipre outside the city of Havana, Cuba.

Note the sandbagged construction.

  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-22
104. Redoubt Mordazo, a Spanish log-and-sand earthwork in the network of defenses surrounding Havana
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-23
105. Barbed-wire entanglements in front of Redoubt Mazo near Havana
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-24
106. Armored railway cars at Sagua la Grande, Cuba
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 4-25
107. A 12-inch gun at the Santa Clara battery near Vedado
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-26
108. Large-bore muzzle-loading Parrott rifles on the Santiago defenses
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-27
109. Smoothbore, 5-inch Spanish artillery piece from the early nineteenth century in the defensive lines before Santiago
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-28
110. Hotchkiss guns guard the entrance to Santiago harbor. Morro Castle lies in the background.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-29
111. Spanish fort at the harbor near Cienfuegos, Cuba
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-30
112. Draw-bridge and entrance to the keep of El Castillo at Cienfuegos
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-31
113. Spanish blockhouse under construction near Santiago
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-32
114. Complete blockhouse at Caibarién, Cuba
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-33
115. Loopholed house at La Sierra
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-34
116. Spanish blockhouse converted from a church near Rincón
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-35
117. Blockhouse commanding the north end of a railroad embankment near Isabella de Saqua
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-36
118. Admiral Cervera's squadron at Saint Vincent, Cape Verde Islands, Between April 19 and 29, 1898
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-37
119. A sailor on board the Spanish armored cruiser Vizcaya demonstrates the workings of 5.5-inch gun, the standard secondary battery weapon on board that vessel and her two ill-fated sister ships, Almirante Oquendo and Infanta Maria Teresa.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-38
120. The battleship Oregon during its voyage around South America to Cuba
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 5-1
121. The protected cruiser Olympia at Hong Kong, circa April 1898.

Note that lead gray color has replaced the peacetime white-and-straw scheme Commodore George Dewey's flag flies on the main.

  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 5-2
122. Capt. Charles V. Gridley, Olympia's commanding officer
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 5-3
123. Postwar view of the protected cruiser Baltimore, in peacetime white-and-straw color scheme, with laundry festooning the forward rigging
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 5-4
124. Capt. Nehemiah M Dyer, Baltimore's commanding officer
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 5-5
125. The protected cruiser Raleigh
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 5-6
126. Capt. Joseph B. Goghlan, Raleigh's commanding officer
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 5-7
127. The gunboat Petrel at Hong Kong April 15, 1898
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 5-8
128. Cmdr. Edward P. Wood, Petrel's commanding officer
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 5-9
129. The gunboat Concord
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 5-10
130. Cmdr. Asa Walker, Concord's commanding officer
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 5-11
131. The protected cruiser Boston
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 5-12
132. Capt. Frank Wildes, Boston's commanding officer
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 5-13
133. The revenue cutter McCulloch served as a valuable auxiliary to Dewey's squadron
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 5-14
134. Capt. Daniel B. Hodgsdon, Revenue Cutter Service, McCulloch's commanding officer
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 5-15
135. The supply ship Zafiro
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 5-16
136. The collier Nanshan, December 26, 1915
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 5-17
137. Alfonso Saenz's depiction of the Battle Manila Bay, showing the protected cruiser Olympia leading the American line of battle.

The protected cruisers Baltimore and Raleigh and gunboats Petrel and Concord follow; the protected cruiser Boston brings up the rear.

  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 5-18
138. Commodore Dewey, wearing a rakish, nonregulation touring cap, confers with Capt. Charles V. Gridley, Olympia's commanding officer, and his chief of staff Cmdr. Benjamin P. Lamberton, during the 7:35 A.M. to 11:16 A.M. lull in the action at Manila Bay.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 5-19
139. In this artist's depiction, sailors on board Olympia, some stripped to the waist, take a breather during the lull in the action on May 1.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 5-20
140. The Spanish unprotected cruiser Reina Cristina, flagship of the Spanish squadron. Later off Cavite
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 5-21
141. The sunken Spanish unprotected cruiser Castilla.

The U.S. protected cruisers Olympia and Baltimore can be seen in background (left).

  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 5-22
142. The iron-hulled unprotected cruiser Don Antonio de Ulloa, sunk off Cavite
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 5-23
143. The gunboats Isla de Luzon (left) and Isla de Cuba; the latter was the ship to which Admiral Montojo shifted his flag after American gunfire disabled his flagship Reina Cristina.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-24
144. Looking aft on board Isla de Luzon. Isla de Cuba lies in background.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-25
145. Looking forward from Isla de Cuba's poop deck.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-26
146. Lt. Cmdr. Edward M. Hughes, executive officer of the gunboat Petrel, who led a seven-man party from the ship to burn Spanish men-of-war off Cavite.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-27
147. Party of sailors from the gunboat Petrel boarding and setting Spanish gunboat afire off Cavite, May 1, 1898.
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 5-28
148. Panorama of destruction off Cavite.

The transport Isla de Mindanao (left), gunboats Isla de Luzon and Velasco (right); U.S. gunboat Petrel is in the distant background. Note Isla de Luzon's blackened stern, and one of her four 4.7-inch Hontoria rifles.

  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 5-29
149. A sailor on board Olympia poses by the dented plate on the starboard side of the superstructure, just forward of the second 5-inch gun sponson.

This was the only scar the cruiser received (faintly visible to the right of the rope).

  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 5-30
150. One of Olympia's mascots, this parrot, is said to have lost a leg at Manila Bay.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-31
151. Lt. Dion Williams, USMC, and a portion of the Marine guard from the protected cruiser Baltimore, which occupied the Cavite navy yard on May 3, 1898
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-32
152. First reinforcement for Dewey's squadron came in the form of the protected cruiser Charleston.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-33
153. The transport City of Pekin, one of the three troops transport convoyed by Charleston, en route to Manila
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-34
154. The monitor Manadnock, as seen from the collier Nero, en route to the Philippines, demonstrates the seagoing qualities for which monitors were justly infamous – her main deck awash.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-35
155. The battleship Pelayo moored at Port Said, Egypt, between June 22 and July 11, 1898
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-36
156. The armored cruiser Carlos V at Port Said, on either June 22 or July 1, 1898.

Vessel in left back-ground is either the Colón or Covadonga, merchant steamships requisitioned to navel service. At right is the stern of the naval steamship Buenos Aires.

  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-37
157. The armed merchant cruiser Patriota, Port Said, on either June 22 or July 11, 1898.

She had been acquired as the steamship Normannia from the Lloyd Line.

  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-38
158. The gunboat Nashville (right) inaugurates the blockade, stopping the Spanish merchantman Buena Ventura, April 22, 1898
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 6-1
159. Rufus F. Zogbaum's sketch of the first Spanish prisoners of war, captured on board the Spanish steamer Argonauta on April 26, 1898
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 6-2
160. Artist Henry Reuterdahl's impression of the bombardment of Matanzas on April 27, 1838
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 6-3
161. Lithograph depicting the cutting of one of the telegraph cables linking Cienfuegos and Havana, May 11, 1898.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 6-4
162. Launch from the gunboat Nashville, used in severing the cable at Cienfuegos.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 6-5
163. Seaman Willard D. Miller of the gunboat Nashville, a Canadian, earned the Medal of Honor for cutting the Spanish telegraph cable off Cienfuegos.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 6-6
164. Seaman Harry H. Miller served alongside his brother Willard in Nashville and also received the Medal of Honor for heroism off Cienfuegos.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 6-7
165. Lt. John B. Bernadou commanding officer of the torpedo boat Winslow, wounded in action at Cárdenas.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 6-8
166. Artist's depiction of the revenue cutter Hudson towing the disabled torpedo boat Winslow out of range of Spanish guns off Cárdenas, Cuba, May 11, 1898.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 6-9
167. Winslow's after conning tower, showing indentations from Spanish shell hits
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 6-10
168. Ens. Worth Bagley, photographed at Key West, Florida, circa March 1898
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 6-11
169. The collier Merrimac fitting out for service, Norfolk Navy Yard, April 23, 1898
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 6-12
170. Assistant Naval Constructor Richmond P. Hobson
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 6-13
171. Artist conception of Merrimac being sunk off Estrella PArtist conception of Merrimac being sunk off Estrella Point, near the channel to Santiago harbor, by heavy Spanish gunfireoint, near the channel to Santiago harbor, by heavy Spanish gunfire
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 6-14
172. Views from El Morro shows the sunken Reina Mercedes in the foreground and the tip of Merrimac's masts and stack.
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 6-16
173. Close-up of the wreck of the collier Merrimac, sunk near the channel at Santiago.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 6-17
174. Spanish prisoners – 1st Lt. Pius Giner Gastaminza, of the 6th Battalion, Lower Peninsula Infantry among them – on their way to be exchanged for Hobson and his Merrimac crew, near Santiago.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 6-18
175. Hobson leads his men back to American lines.

The Spanish released them in exchange for captured Spanish soldiers.

  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 6-19
176. As Hobson's men pass, one soldier respectfully doff his campaign hat while another rushes up to rear of the wagon that is carrying (front to rear Gunner's Mate First Class George Charrette, Machinist First Class George F. Philips, and Walter Tender Francis Kelly.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 6-20
177. As word of the arrival of Hobson's crew spreads, American soldiers throng around them to welcome them back.
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 6-21
178. Cmdr. Bowman H. McCalla, captain of the unprotected cruiser Marblehead, who supervised the landings at Guantánamo Bay in June 1989.
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 6-22
179. The cruiser Marblehead as she appeared during the war with Spain.
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 6-23
180. The transport Panther (seen) here as the passenger steamship Venezuela under way in New York Harbor) transported Marines to Guantánamo Bay.
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 6-24
181. Lt. Col. Robert W. Huntington who had fought at Bull Run, commanded the 1st Marine Battalion.
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 6-25
182. Camp McCalla, named in honor of Marblehead's captain, atop the hill (background, left) overlooking the beach
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 6-26
183. Graves of "the First Martyrs," Pvts. James McGolgan and James Dumphy and Acting Assistant Surgeon John B. Gibbs, among the tents of Camp McCalla, late June 1898.

Spanish pressure on the entrenchments had compelled the Marines to bury their dead inside the camp itself.

  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 6-27
184. Artist's conception of Marines at Guantánamo, aided by the cruiser Marblehead's searchlights, repelling the first Spanish attack on the night of June 11-12, 1898
  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 6-28
185. Artist F.C. Yohn's depiction of Marines returning Spanish fire at Guantánamo being reinforced by their shipmates from camp.

While Yohn's depiction of the Marines' headgear (undress caps) is correct, he inaccurately shows them in blues – they landed clad in brown linen campaign uniforms.

  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 6-29
186. Assistant Surgeon John B. Gibbs, the only naval medical officer to die in the Spanish-American War
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-30
187. While a fatigued leatherneck takes a breather seated in the lip of a wheelbarrow, two Cuban soldiers, attired in U.S. Navy white duck uniforms, stand nearby.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-31
188. 1st Lt. Henry L. Draper USMC, adjunct of the First Marine Battalion, raises the Stars and Stripes over Camp McCalla.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-32
189. The dispatch boat Dolphin, as she appeared in the 1890s
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-33
190. Diorama depicting the heroism of Sgt. John H. Quick, "with the utmost coolness" signaling the dispatch boat Dolphin, which is mistakenly shelling 2d Lt. Louis J. Magill's platoon during the Cuzco Well fight, June 14, 1898.

Quick was awarded the Medal of Honor.

  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-34
191. This leather neck, his Lee-Metford rifle across his lap, rests in the shade of a rude lean-to at Camp McCalla, June 17, 1898.

More practical campaign hats arrived four days later.

  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-35
192. Overall view of Guantánamo Bay, June 26, 1898, showing the Cuban camp (lower left); ships sheltering in the harbor include the gunboat Bancroft, cruiser Detroit and Marblehead, and battleship Oregon.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-36
193. Tents come down at Tampa as the 9th Infantry breaks camp and make ready for embarkation to Cuba.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 7-1
194. While one of their company officers looks on, men of the 21st Infantry load their equipment into boxcars.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 7-2
195. A trooper from Troop D, 2d Cavalry, coxes a horse into a Seaboard Air Line livestock car bound for the SS Morgan.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 7-3
196. The finger piers and jetties of Port Tampa
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 7-4
197. Railway cars carrying men and equipment of the Cuban expedition transform the docks at Port Tampa into a logistical nightmare.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 7-5
198. Infantry men trudge across the tracks toward what they hope will be their assigned transport.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 7-6
199. The colors of the 1st Infantry move toward the long-anticipated embarkation onto the transports.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 7-7
200. Lt. Col. William Bisbee (left), sword resting on his right shoulder, leads his 1st Infantry onto the gangplank of the transport Segurança, which is just out of view at left.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 7-8
201. The 9th Infantry boards the Santiago.

The Krag rifle of the first sergeant at left is protected by a canvas covering.

  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 7-9
202. The long wait proved to be too much for these regulars.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 7-10
203. The Rough Riders from the 1st Volunteer Cavalry, without their horses, clamber on board the Yucatan for the sea journey to Cuba.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 7-11
204. Horses and mules await their turn to board the ships moored to the docks at Port Tampa.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 7-12
205. With the assistance of a ship's cargo crane, men load Cuba-bound light artillery pieced onto a transport (either the Berkshire or Coma).
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 7-13
206. Ammunition and supplies being loaded into a vessel's cargo hold at Port Tampa
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 7-14
207. The units that made up the Santiago expedition:
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 7-15
208. Ready to commence their voyage into the Caribbean, loaded transports move out into Tampa Bay.

The Comal's stern is visible at center.

  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 7-16
209. The transport Seneca (designated Army Transport No. 5) moves into Tampa Bay.

Note the men climbing onto her masts.

  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 7-17
210. The Knickerbocker (left) and City of Washington (right) lie alongside each other before the voyage to Cuba.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 7-18
211. Under way at last!

One of the lead vessels in the Santiago expedition steams ahead, leaving a large number of vessels in her wake.

  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 7-19
212. The transport Matteawan, her "designating number" 26 on her funnel, steams toward Cuba.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 7-20
213. Troops crowd the upper decks of the transport City of Washington, en route to Cuba.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 7-21
214. The Saratoga steams into the Gulf during the voyage to Cuba.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 7-22
215. Having grabbed the first available berths, these lucky soldiers have a proper place to sleep.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 7-23
216. Foreign military attachés on board a Cuba-bound transport, likely the Segurança
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 7-24
217. Burned by the retreating Spaniards, the railway station at Daiquiri lies in ruins.
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 7-25
218. Launches tow the first of the U.S. troops ashore at Daiquiri on June 22, 1898.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 7-26
219. The Rough Riders disembark from the Yucatan.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 7-27
220. The steam lighter Laura pulls alongside the rickety pier at Daiquiri to offload her human cargo, a host of transports in the distance.

At center lies the D. H. Mille, waiting to disembark a battalion of the 7th Infantry.

  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 7-28
221. American soldiers at Daiquiri climb out of a small launch at the head of the pier.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 7-29
222. Units consolidate, collect their equipment, and await the long-anticipated advance into the Cuban interior.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 7-30
223. Firmeza, a mining town north by northwest of Daiquiri, lay in the path of the Americans advancing from Daiquiri.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 7-31
224. Panoramic view of Siboney from the south.

The tents indicate that the landings there on June 23 predated these photos.

  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 7-32a
225. Panoramic view of Siboney from the south.

The tents indicate that the landings there on June 23 predated these photos.

  • Page number: 88-89
  • Photo number: 7-32b
226. Panoramic view of Siboney from the south.

The tents indicate that the landings there on June 23 predated these photos.

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 7-32c
227. The armed lighthouse tender Suwanee under way off Siboney, passing the auxiliary cruiser St. Louis (left) and armed yacht Vixen (right)
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 7-33
228. Crewmen on board the gunboat Bancroft watch as her port 4-inch guns bombard Siboney, June 22, 1898.
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 7-34
229. "Made a bull's eye that time!" The pleased expression on the officer's face (center) mirrors Bancroft's accurate fire at a Spanish blockhouse at Siboney, June 22, 1898.

Note the 6-pounder guns to port and starboard, with sandbags piled around the base of he cage mounts.

  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-35
230. Smoke rises from burning buildings at Siboney during the bombardment by the gunboats Annapolis, Bancroft, and Helena and the armed yacht Hornet, June 22, 1898.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-36
240. Transports await word to unload at Siboney off the southeast coast of Cuba.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-37
241. The landings of Siboney commence on June 23 as U.S. troops come ashore in small boats.

Soldiers in the distance have taken off their trousers to lend assistance in the surf, which appears calm.

  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-38
242. Bare-legged Americans, along with several Cubans, assist in landing operations, while a Cuban soldier stands guard. The Orizaba lies at center disembarking the 22d Infantry and Shafter's siege artillery battalion.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-39
243. Frightened and hungry, Cuban refugees flood onto the ground of the U.S. headquarter at Siboney to escape the fighting.

The roof of the blockhouse appears in the distance at left.

  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-40
244. Transports at anchor off Siboney, with tents in the middle foreground.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-41
245. A view of the coastline looking through the small village of Siboney, which lies along the road leading to the interior
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-42
246. A view of the harbor at Siboney seen from the heights which extend in land about three-quarters of a mile
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-43
247. The railroad bridge at Siboney, which the Spanish attempted unsuccessfully to destroy
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-44
248. Leading out of Siboney toward Santiago, the main road passes an abandoned Spanish blockhouse.
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-45
249. Pack mules of an ammunition train move to the front along the main road from Siboney to Santiago.
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-46
250. Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, commanding the cavalry division of V Corps
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-47
251. Map of the battlefield at Las Guásimas
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-48
252. Men from the 9th Infantry build a road to the front near Las Guásimas.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-49
253. Artillery train in a narrow defile at Las Guásimas.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-50
254. Resting place of seven Rough Riders, including Sgt. Hamilton Fish, killed during the fighting at Las Guásimas
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-52
255. Lonely grave at Siboney of Capt. Allyn K. Capron of the 1st Volunteer Cavalry, killed at Las Guásimas on June 24, 1989 – the first American Army officer to lose his life during the Santiago Campaign
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-53
256. Road through the jungle at Las Guásimas where the 1st and 10th Cavalry suffered most of their casualties
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-54
257. Wounded Rough Riders walking down the trail left of the main road leading to Las Guásimas
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-55
258. The first message , sent to General Miles by General Lawton, concerning the action at Las Guásimas, the expedition's initial engagement on Cuban soil
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-56
259. The sundial at Seville, Cuba, a landmark that veterans of Young's 2d Brigade would always associate with their first battle at Las Guásimas.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-57
260. American troop dispositions at El Caney at approximately midday on July 1, 1898
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 8-1
261. The most advanced American outpost along the road to Santiago on the afternoon of June 30
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 8-2
262. Determined to lighten his load, a private from the 7th Infantry, Chaffee's brigade, Lawton's division, entrusts his worldly possessions (except for his Krag and ammunition belt!) to a donkey during the advance toward Santiago.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 8-3
263. Panoramic view of the town of El Caney, seen from Fort El Viso
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 8-4a
264. Panoramic view of the town of El Caney, seen from Fort El Viso
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 8-4b
265. Panoramic view of the town of El Caney, seen from Fort El Viso
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 8-4c
266. Capron's battery changes position from El Pozo to a point south of the Spanish position at El Caney on the afternoon of June 30.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 8-5
267. Battery commander Capt. Allyn Capron, whose son became the first army officer casualty of the war at Las Guásimas, one week before the engagement at El Caney
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 8-6
268. Capron's battery in action near El Caney on July 1
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 8-7
269. General Lawton (left center) inspects the American lines before El Caney and confers with General Garcia (left) and the two brigadiers – Ludlow (right center) and Chaffee (right) – commanding Lawton's left and right flanks, respectively.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 8-8
270. Brig. Gen. Joaquin Vara del Rey, commander of El Caney's gallant defenders
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 8-9
271. Col. Adna R. Chaffee
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 8-10
272. View of the El Caney battlefield looking west from the position held by Chaffee's brigade on the right flank of Lawton's division
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 8-11
273. An unidentified officer with field glasses watches developments during the assault on El Caney.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 8-12
274. The eastern face of El Viso, assaulted by the men of Chaffee's brigade
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 8-13
275. Brig. Gen. John C. Bates
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 8-14
276. Stone fort at El Viso, viewed from southwest of El Caney, there assaulted by the brigades of Bates and Miles
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 8-15
277. View looking north toward one of the El Caney blockhouses with barbed-wire entanglements, situated on the road leading southwest from El Caney, advanced on by Ludlow's right and Miles left
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 8-16
278. View looking north into El Caney from the blockhouse, which lay in the line of Ludlow's and Miles's advance
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 8-17
279. Brig. Gen. William Ludlow
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 8-18a
280. Col. Evan Miles
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 8-18b
281. The plaza in El Caney
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 8-19
282. Round-up of Spanish prisoners in the wake of the El Caney battle.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 8-20
283. American infantrymen rest after stacking arms on a portion of the El Caney battlefield late in the afternoon of July 1.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-21
284. Troops near General Shafter's headquarters press ever closer toward Santiago, circa June 30, 1898.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-22
285. Before proceeding farther toward the front, General Shafter and his staff pause to water their horses.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-23
286. Map of the San Juan battlefield
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-24
287. El Pozo (The Well) Shafter's headquarters during the Battle for San Juan Heights, as seen from the position of Grimes's battery
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-25
288. The guns of Capt. George S. Grimes's light field artillery commence firing at Spanish positions on San Juan Heights.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-26
289. Col. John Jacob Astor watches the effect of American artillery fire on the Spanish positions.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-27
290. Brig. Gen. Samuel S. Sumner, commanding 1st Brigade, Wheeler's division
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-28
291. Signal Corps personnel inflate their observation balloon near El Pozo early on the morning of July 1.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-29
292. The Signal Corps balloon rises from El Pozo.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-30
293. The rough Riders' colonels – Col. Leonard Wood and Lt. Col Theodore Roosevelt – seen here in Tampa, June 1898, with General Wheeler
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-31
294. A flood of troopers from the 1st Volunteer Cavalry, the Rough Riders, splash through the ford across the Aguadores River.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-32
295. The Rough Riders move to the front across the Aguadores River.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-33
296. In the rush to move supplies to the front, a transport wagon overturns in one of the streams near San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-34
297. Brig. Gen. Jacob F. Kent, commanding the 1st Division.

His men were to face the brunt of the fighting on San Juan Heights.

  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-35
298. Brig Gen. Hamilton S. Hawkins, commander of the lead brigade in Kent's division
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-36
299. Men of the 71st New York await orders to press forward toward the heights.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-37
300. Moving forward on the main road leading to Santiago, men of Col. H.A. Theaker's 16th Infantry Regiment, Hawkin's brigade, cross the Aguadores River.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-38
301. The trail left of the main road, discovered by the Signal Corps balloon, on which the 71st New York lay paralyzed and over which Kent's division advanced
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-39
302. Col. Charles A. Wikoff, commanding the 3d Brigades, 1st Division, shown here as a field officer in the 19th Infantry
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-40
303. Shallow ford through which Wikoff's brigade crossed the San Juan River
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-41
304. Lt. Col William S. Worth, commanding the 13th Infantry, Wikoff's brigade
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-42
306. Lt. Col. Emerson H. Liscum. Commanding the 24th Infantry, Wikoff's brigade
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-43
307. Lt. Col. Erza P. Ewers, commanding the 9th Infantry, Wikoff's brigade, shown here as a brigadier general
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-44
308. Lt. Col. Ezra P. Ewers's 9th Infantry Regiment, Wikoff's brigade, prepares for the attack in San Juan Heights
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-45
309. Formed in the relative sanctuary of a tree line and sunken road along the San Juan River, men of the 9th Infantry await orders to attack.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-46
310. Col. E.P. Pearson, commanding the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, shown here as commanding officer of the 10th Infantry
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-47
311. Crossing point of the 21st Infantry (Pearson's brigade) over the Sam Juan River
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-48
312. U.S. regulars cross the San Juan River
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-49
313. A painting depicting Troop C, 9th U.S. Cavalry, an African-American unit leading the charge toward the summit of Kettle Hill
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-50
314. One of the kettles on "little San Juan Hill"
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-51
315. The Rough Riders search for dead and wounded comrades following the charge on Kettle Hill.
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-52
316. Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt and his men on the heights overlooking Santiago
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-53
317. View of San Juan (at left) from the crest of Kettle Hill.

Note the small pond at center. See Map 8-24.

  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-54
318. Artist's rendition of General Hawkins exhorting his brigade toward the summit of San Juan Hill.

With his sword and hat raised, Lt. Jules Ord likewise inspires the troops at far right.

  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-55
319. Lt. Jules Garesche Ord, 1st Brigade Commissary Officer, and hero of San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-56
320. Painting by C.D. Graves depicting the advances on San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-57
321. San Juan Hill as seen from the lower ford across the San Juan River
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-58
322. U.S. regulars struggle toward the blockhouse atop San Juan Hill in this artist's rendering.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-59
323. Their brigade under the temporary command of Lieutenant Colonel Ewers, men of the 13th Infantry charge the blockhouse on San Juan Hill.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-60
324. The blockhouse of San Juan Hill captured by the 13th Infantry
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-61
325. Confident and proud, an American soldier stands guard with his regimental colors following the successful assault on San Juan Heights.
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 8-62
326. An ambulance at the foot of San Juan Hill awaits the arrival of casualties to be borne to the rear.
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 8-63
327. The 1st Division field hospital situated near the Aguadores River
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 8-64
328. Spanish trench line on San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 8-65
329. East slope of San Juan Hill on July 2, one day after the battle
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 8-66
330. Wounded and forlorn, Spanish prisoners rest in the late afternoon shade following the American capture of the heights overlooking Santiago.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 8-67
331. Lightly guarded by their captor, Spanish prisoners of war move glumly to the rear.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-68
332. Triumphant African-American troops, possibly of the 10th Cavalry, pose after the battle.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-69
333. A single headboard serves as a marker for four Americans of the 21st Infantry buried in the Spanish trenchline for which they fought on July 1, 1898.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-70
334. A bit more care appears to have been given to the markers for these soldiers, who likewise lie buried in a trench.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-71
335. Lt. Victor Blue of the armed lighthouse tender Suwanee
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-1
336. Capt. Robley D. Evans, commanding officer of the battleship Iowa
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-2
337. Iowa, the newest battleship in the U.S. Navy
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-3
338. Indiana at sea on the blockade, awning and wind sails prominent because of the lack of ventilation in ships of that era
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-4
339. The battleship Oregon
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-5
340. The battleship Texas in Cuban waters, 1898
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-6
341. The armored cruiser Brooklyn
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-7
342. The armed yacht Vixen
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-8
343. Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, photographed circa 1899.

He commanded the Flying Squadron at Santiago

  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-9
344. Entrance to Santiago harbor, Cuba; El Morro at right
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-10
345. Admiral Cervera's flagship, the armored cruiser Infanta Maria Teresa – seen here at Saint Vincent, Cape Verde Islands, circa late April 1898 – led the Spanish squadron out of Santiago Bay.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-11
346. Captain Victor María Concas y Palau., commanding officer of Infanta Maria Teresa, because Admiral Cervera's chief of staff after Capt. Bustamente was mortally wounded on July 1.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-12
347. Capt. Francis A. Cook commanding officer of the armored cruiser Brooklyn, leans against his ship's after 8-inch turret.

Note the auxiliary steering position in left background.

  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-13
348. Capt. John W. Philip, commanding officer of the battleship Texas
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-14
349. In 1899, Alonzo Saenz, a Spanish navy surgeon and artist, depicted the Battle of Santiago, showing the emerging Spanish fleet engaging the armored cruiser Brooklyn (center) and the battleships Iowa and Texas (right).
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-15
350. Capt. Henry C. Taylor, commanding officer of battleship Indiana.
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-16
351. Infanta Maria Teresa aground off the coast of Cuba
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-17
352. Infanta Maria Teresa's after 11-inch turret
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-18
353. The armored cruiser Almirante Oquendo at Saint Vincent, Cape Verde Islands, circa late April 1898
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-19
354. Forward turret and wrecked bridge of the armored cruiser Almirante Oquendo
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-20
355. Capt. Juan B. Lazaga, commanding officer of Almirante Oquendo
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-21
356. Capt. Fernando Villaamil, commanding the Spanish torpedo boat squadron; killed in action at Santiago
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-22
357. A Terror-class torpedo boat destroyer (either Terror, Plutón, or Furor) probably in the Cape Verde Islands, while en route to Cuba in April 1898
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-23
358. Lt Cmdr. Diego Carlier, commanding officer of Furor
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-24
359. Lt. Cmdr. Pedro Vasquez, commanding officer of Plutón
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 9-25
360. Artist's depiction of Spanish torpedo boat destroyer ( Plutón, or Furor) attempting to run a withering gauntlet of American gunfire off Santiago
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 9-26
361. Cmdr. Richard Wainwright, commanding officer of Gloucester
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 9-27
362. Painting of the armed yacht Gloucester gallantly standing toward the emerging Spanish fleet off Santiago.

She engaged Plutón and Furor and administered the coup de grace to both.

  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 9-28
363. The Spanish armored cruisers Cristóbal Colón (left) and Vizcaya (right) anchored at Saint Vincent Cape Verde Islands, en route to Cuba in April 1989
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 9-30
364. Capt. Antonio Eulate, commanding officer of Vizcaya
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 9-31
365. Brooklyn's Chief Yeoman George H. Ellis, circa 1898, the only American fatality at Santiago
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 9-32
366. Artist F. Bruno's rendition of the battleship Oregon (foreground) and the armored cruiser Brooklyn pursuing the Spanish armored cruiser Vizcaya.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 9-33
367. Capt. Charles E. Clark commanding officer of the battleship Oregon
  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 9-34
368. The grounded Spanish cruiser Vizcaya burns on the coast of Cuba after the Battle of Santiago, as photographed by Lt. (j.g.) Hunicke of Hist.

The torpedo boat destroyer Ericsson stands by at right. In the foreground is Hist's first cutter standing toward the wrecked ship.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 9-35
369. Artist's conception of boats from Iowa coming to rescue Vizcaya's crew as the stricken Spanish ship lies aground on Acerraderos Reef
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 9-36
370. The wrecked Spanish cruiser Vizcaya.

Note the extensive fire damage.

  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 9-37
371. Vizcaya's after 11-inch turret, whose gunners gallantly battled Iowa and New York at one point in the battle.

The size of the man standing atop the mount serves as a useful yardstick to gauge its size. Her fallen mainmast lies at left.

  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 9-38
372. Starboard side of Vizcaya's spar deck, showing how wooden planking has been entirely burned away; note the shielded 5.5-inch gun at right
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 9-39
373. Magazine explosion wrecks the doomed Vizcaya.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 9-40
374. Capt. Emilio Díaz Moreu, commanding officer of Cristóbal Colón
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 9-41
375. Capt. Charles E. Clark (with binoculars), Oregon's captain, joins Lts. Albert A, Ackerman (in charge of the after 13-inch turret) and Reginald F. Nicholson ( Oregon's Navigator), Ens. Charles L. Hussey, Naval Cadets Paul B. Dungan and Edward C. Kalbfus, and Marine orderlies, Pvts Charles H. Haight and Ferdinand F. Ellis on the roof of Oregon's after 13-inch turret during the Battle of Santiago.

Also present are Gunner's Mate First Class James F. Groves, Seaman Johan E. Nord, and Apprentices Second Class Benjamin B. Wood and George C. Love

  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 9-43
376. Lt. Cmdr. James K. Cogswell, Oregon's executive officer; behind him, signalmen "wig-wag" to the armored cruiser Brooklyn "Ýour shots are falling short" during the chase of the Spanish cruiser Cristóbal Colón.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 9-44
377. Reflecting the "most intense enthusiasm" prevailing in board, Oregon's crew cheers as the Cristóbal Colón strikes her colors at 1:15 P.M. on July 3.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 9-45
378. Prize crew from the battleship Oregon, under Lt. Cmdr. James K. Cogswell, rows toward the surrendered Cristóbal Colón.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 9-46
379. Spanish officers on Cristóbal Colón's quarterdeck await transportation to the transport Resolute.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 9-47
380. The Spanish armored cruiser Cristóbal Colón lies on her beam ends in the surf off the mouth of the Tarquino River.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 9-48
381. Capt. French E. Chadwick, commanding officer of the armored cruiser New York
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 9-49
382. The flagship New York, her crew cheering Oregon after the conclusion of the Battle of Santiago, flies the signal 2F-94: "Report Casualties."
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 9-50
383. U.S. sailors poke around the topside wreckage on board Almirante Oquendo, probably on July 9, 1898.

The inspecting Americans found the ship to be a "structural wreck … practically broken in two."

  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 9-51
384. The Spanish cruiser Almirante Oquendo aground off the coast of Cuba.

Note how graffiti artists have scrawled their initials for posterity on the after turret.

  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 9-52
385. The Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes, sunk near the channel to Santiago harbor, July 4, 1898, in an unsuccessful attempt to block the channel that reprised the Americans' efforts with collier Merrimac a month earlier.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 9-53
386. The battleship Texas and a converted yacht – most likely Hist – stand by the grounded and armored Spanish cruisers Almirante Oquendo and Infanta Maria Teresa.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 9-54
387. Smoke from the funeral pyres of the Spanish cruisers Almirante Oquendo (left) and Infanta Maria Teresa (right)
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 9-55
383. Santiago seen from afar, viewed from an observation tower erected in the siege lines
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-1
384. Accompanied by his staff officers, Lt. Col. Ezra P. Ewers (left) temporary commander of Wikoff's 3d Brigade, 1st Division, watches the bombardment of the Spanish lines early on July 3.
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-2
385. The siege of Santiago
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 10-3
386. Cuban troops move past the American right flank to take up their position
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 10-4
387. North of Santiago, the 4th Infantry moves into position.

This view looks southwest.

  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 10-5
388. "Bombproofs" along the St. Iñez Road
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 10-6
389. Men of the 7th Infantry occupy trenches and rifle pits northeast of Santiago along the St. Iñez Road.

This view looks northwest.

  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 10-7
390. Looking southwest toward Santiago, the 71 New York Volunteers extend their lines.
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 10-8
391. On their position on San Juan Heights, the Rough Riders of the 1st Volunteer Cavalry entrench their left flank.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 10-9
392. A trooper trains the Sims-Dudley dynamite gun on the Spanish siege lines
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 10-10
393. Troopers of the 10th Cavalry man one of several Gatling guns.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 10-11
394. A Colt Automatic Gun in the trenches on San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 10-12
395. 6th Cavalry troopers crouch in a trench to avoid possible sniper fire.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 10-13
396. Men of the 9th Infantry gaze on Santiago from the trenches just north of the captured blockhouse, in background.

This view looks south.

  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 10-14
397. Flying proudly in a hot, brisk Cuban breeze, regimental colors mark the centerline of the 9th Infantry's position on San Juan Hill.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 10-15
398. Camps on the reverse slope of San Juan Hill were vulnerable to Spanish mortar fire.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 10-16
399. Colonel Ewers's headquarters during the siege of Santiago.

Note the thatched shelter erected in lieu of a tent fly.

  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 10-17
400. This view from the 24th Infantry's position looks southwest.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 10-18
401. Bombproofs of the 21st Infantry east of Santiago on a h ill directly in front of the 9th Infantry trenches, looking north
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 10-19
402. A view of the 2d Infantry's trenches
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 10-20
403. Headquarters tents of Col. E. P. Pearson, commanding the 2d Brigade of the 1st Division
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 10-21
404. View looking south down the lies of rifle pits manned by the 2d Infantry
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 10-22
405. Palm trees mark the extreme left wing of the V Corps lines surrounding Santiago, looking south, probably through the lines of the 9th Massachusetts Volunteers.
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 10-23
406. American forces extend their trench line in front of Santiago during the steamy morning of July 7, 1898.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 10-24
407. Behind a revetment of earth and sandbags, an American artillery piece is trained on Santiago.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 10-25
408. Underneath a thatched shelter, officers of the 17th Infantry seek relief from the merciless heat.
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 10-26
409. Paperwork clutters the desk in the office of the 31st Michigan Volunteers' adjunct, temporarily taken over by the mustachioed regimental sergeant-major.
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 10-27
410. Signal Corps personnel prepare for construction of a telegraph line.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 10-28
411. Lt. Col. O. Pierson, Officer in Charge of the Signal Corps Telegraph Office in Washington, D.C. seen against a background of document boxes
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 10-29
412. Signal Corps personnel and their aerial photographic equipment
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 10-30
413. A balloon carries an aerial camera skyward.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 10-31
414. American soldiers boil drinking water for their unit during the siege.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 10-32
415. The pond at the foot of San Juan Hill and in front of Kettle Hill provided welcome refreshment for the troops camped nearby General Wheeler's headquarters.

This view was from behind the position of the 6th Infantry on July 5.

  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 10-33
416. Pocatello Jo, an appropriate regimental mascot, rests on the outstretched arm of a wary soldier.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 10-34
417. Sick call during the siege of Santiago in the camp of the 24th Infantry on San Juan Hill
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 10-35
418. Camp hospital; behind the American siege lines.
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 10-36
419. Sick and wounded soldiers await evacuation to the mainland, crowding a hospital tent at Siboney, one week after the Battle of San Juan Hill.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 10-37
420. Americans burned disease-ridden Siboney on July 14, 1898
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 10-38
421. Maj. Walter Reed, Medical Corps
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 10-39
422. The hospital ship Relief stands by off Siboney, ready to take casualties on board during the siege of Santiago.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 10-40
423. Sailors prepare to transfer the sick and wounded to Relief during July 1898.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 10-41
424. Relief's Ward 3
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 10-42
425. Nurses serving on board Relief
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 10-43
426. Patient on Relief prepared for an x-ray
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 10-44
427. Relief's army surgeons operate under less than antiseptic circumstances.
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 10-45
428. The truce is on. American volunteers set their Springfield rifles between sandbags and sit atop their earthworks.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 10-46
429. General Miles, U.S. Army commander in chief chats with an officer during the negotiations.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 10-47
430. General Shafter (left) and Miles confer regarding the prospects of Spanish surrender. Shafter wears the distinctive model 1889 fatigue helmet, which became a personal trademark of the corps commander during the Santiago Campaign.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 10-48
431. The "Surrender Tree" between the Spanish and American lines
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 10-49
432. An artist's rendering of the meeting between the American and Spanish generals on the morning of July 17, 1898.

Here, General Toral extends a hand, presumably to General Shafter, although Miles is pictured at right.

  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 10-50
433. A photograph of the shaking of hands at the Surrender Tree, probably at leave-taking
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 10-51
434. Religious services on San Juan Hill after the Spanish surrender
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 10-52
435. Cavalry troopers atop San Juan Hill cheer on receiving the news of the Spanish surrender
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 10-53
436. A gathering in the camp of the 2d Infantry on the southern reaches of San Juan Heights following the Spanish surrender.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 10-54
437. Relieved Spanish troops chat with their American counterparts across the trenches.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 10-55
438. With the 9th Infantry in formation in the streets below, an honor guard raises the American flag over the city hall of Santiago on July 17 at noon.

Note "VIVA ALFONSO XIII" painted just below the roof and the photographer at lower left.

  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 10-56
439. The Stars and Stripes catches the breeze on its way up the flagstaff as Lieutenant Miley (Shafter's chief aide-de-camp), Captain McKitrick, and Lieutenant Wheeler (General Wheeler's son) stand by on the red-tiled roof.
  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 10-57
440. American soldiers line the plaza in front of the cathedral in Santiago on Surrender Day.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 10-58
441. Men of the 9th Infantry in the streets below and the Cuban civilians above them share triumph of the day.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 10-59
442. Spanish officers accompany tow U.S. officers, one of whom is almost surely Capt. Lloyd M. Brett, commanding Squadron C 2d Cavalry, which escorted General Shafter to the Surrender Tree.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-60
443. Surrendered Spanish solider march out of Santiago under arms.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-61
444. American officers inspect Fort Sties – in reality only a large blockhouse – behind the Spanish siege lines on the northeast outskirts of Santiago.
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 11-1
445. After the conclusion of the siege American soldiers in the background at right examine a barbed-wire entanglement fronting a set of Spanish rifle pits.
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 11-2
446. A Spanish blockhouse enclosed by a sandbagged parapet, strengthened by numerous traverses
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 11-3
447. A fortified Spanish observation tower near Santiago
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 11-4
448. The Sanitary Department's office in the city of Santiago
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 11-5
449. Santiago headquarters of the U.S. Signal Corps.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 11-6
450. Famished Cuban civilians turn out in Santiago for food distributed by the Americans.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 11-7
451. During the occupation of Santiago, the Army embarked on road-building and improvement projects.

Seen here is the San Juan battlefield.

  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 11-8
452. Road construction at Boniato near Santiago
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 11-9
453. With the surrender of the Spanish forces in and around Santiago, Americans found themselves encumbered with outdated war materiel, such as these smoothbore artillery tubes and shells.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 11-10
454. In the background, Col. Leonard Wood of the Rough Riders raises the American flag at San José de las Lajas after the Spanish capitulation.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 11-11
455. American soldiers raise the American flag at Rowell Barracks in Guantánamo after taking possession on October 4, 1898.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 11-12
456. American troops embark on launchers which will shuttle them out to transports bound for the United States.
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 11-13
457. Transfer of authority to the Americans at Pinar del Rio on January 1, 1899
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 11-14
458. The final session of the Spanish-American Peace Commission in Paris, December 10, 1898.

Attendees (left to right) are: Senator William P. Frye; Secretary John B. Moore; Senator George Gray; Secretary Cushman K. Davis; Judge William R. Day; Hon. Whitelaw Reid; General Rafael Cerero y Síenz; Señor W. R. de Villaurrutia y Villaurrutia; Señor José Garnica; Señor B. De Abarzuza; Señor Montero Rios; interpreter Ferguson; and Sec. Emilio de Ojeda.

  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 11-15
459. The Surrender Tree seen here after the events, as it lies surrounded by a fence to discourage overzealous souvenir hunters
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 12-1
460. Rear Admiral Sampson's flagship, the armored cruiser New York, leads the battleship Iowa and Oregon and (behind Oregon) the armored cruiser Brooklyn in the fleet review at New York City, August 20, 1898.
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 12-2
461. The 1st Marine Battalion marches triumphantly through Portsmouth, New Hampshire, September 16, 1898.
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 12-3
462. Admiral Cervera (right) , a prisoner of war, walks ashore at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, accompanied by a U.S. naval officer
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 12-4
463. Hospitalized Spanish prisoners of war, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 12-5
464. The steamship City of Rome, seen here off Kittery Point, Maine, transported former Spanish prisoners of war back to Spain in September 1898.
  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 12-6
465. U.S. dead from the Santiago Campaign are brought home for burial at Arlington Cemetery.
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 12-7
466. The U.S. Army erected a simple obelisk adjacent to the old sundial at Sevilla as a memorial to those who lost their lives during the campaign's first battle at Las Guásimas.
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 12-8
467. Memorial plaque erected to the memory of the slain Virginius prisoners
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 12-10
468. Shrine to Cuban dead, Havana
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 12-11
469. Plaque affixed to the face of the protected cruiser Olympia's forward turret circa 1900, commemorating the Battle of Manila Bay.
  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 12-12
470. Statue of Ens. Worth Bagley erected on Capitol Square in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 12-13
471. Salvagers raise the sunken Spanish gunboat Sandoval at Guantánamo Bay, August 30, 1898.
  • Page number: 173
  • Photo number: 12-14
472. Salvaging the Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes at Santiago, with Merritt's wrecking organization schooner F.R. Sharp alongside.
  • Page number: 173
  • Photo number: 12-15
473. Early stage of the salvage of the Maine on June 11, 1911.

The cofferdam construction is complete and pumping has just begun.

  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 12-16
474. Pumping proceeds on June 15 as the vessel's upperworks break the surface of the water.
  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 12-17
475. Now afloat, Maine stands ready to be towed out to sea on March 16, 1912.
  • Page number: 175
  • Photo number: 12-18
476. March 16, 1912.

A fascinated crowd watches as tugs tow out to sea the symbol of American indignation that led to the Spanish-American War.

  • Page number: 175
  • Photo number: 12-19
477. At 5:21 P.M., March 16, amid great ceremony, Maine slips beneath the waves four miles off the coast of Cuba in six hundred fathoms of water.
  • Page number: 176
  • Photo number: 12-20
478. Ceremonies at the monument honoring the battleship Maine at Havana, photographed in the late 1920s.

In the foreground are some of the firemen who carried the dead to the cemetery in 1898.

  • Page number: 176
  • Photo number: 12-21
Folder 17 Extras, c. 1898

Section: Academic Career and Course Materials

Folder 5 Ridgway Center Dedication, 1988
Folder 6 50th Anniversary of Korean War, 2003
Folder 7 Slides- African Americans in World War II, 1993
Folder 8-9 Slides- Civil War, undated
Folder 10-11 Slides- Native Americans, undated
Folder 12-13 Slides- Revolutionary War, undated
Folder 14 Slides- U.S. Navy Ships, undated
Folder 15-16 Slides- World War II, undated

Section: Vietnam War

Folder 18-21 Published Images, 1957 - 1972
1. The People's Republic of China, May 1951.

Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian representatives meet in China to plan a united front against the French. Here, senior delegates from Vietnam and Cambodia exchange gifts.

  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-1
2. The French aircraft carrier Arromanches steams in the Gulf of Tonkin during the struggle to maintain control over Indochina.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-2
3. French coastal patrol vessels ply a river in Vietnam.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-3
4. French and Vietnamese forces advance inland during Operation Camarque on Vietnam's central coast on August 25, 1953.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-4
5. Washington, late March 1954.

General Paul Ely (center), French Armed Forces Chief of Staff, shares a cordial moment with President Eisenhower (left) and Admiral Arthur W. Radford (right), chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. (See also photograph 1-8)

  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-5
6. Refugee fishermen flee to the South from communist-controlled North Vietnam.
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-6
7. Immigrant from the North served to strengthen the already conservative populace of the South.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-7
8. U.S. ambassador Donald Heath joins Saigon mayor Ngo Dinh Diem in 1954 in welcoming the 100,000th northern refugee to freedom in the South.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-8
9. Vietnam, May 1954.

President Ho Chi Minh with two children who presented him with flowers. "Uncle Ho" loved to be photographed with children, although in conducting national affairs he easily shed this avuncular veneer.

  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-9
10. Stern-faced victors and vanquished.

Following the French collapse at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, a French commander turns over his garrison to a representative of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-10
11. President Diem enjoys a cruise on a river patrol vessel following the defeat of the Binh Xuyen sect in 1955.

Although Vietnamese man the vessel, American and British military observes are present in the stern.

  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-11
12. President Diem and General J. Lawton Collins discuss the Saigon situation at Independence Palace on May 13 1955.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-12
13. Ho Chi Minh arrives in Warsaw, Poland, for an official state visit.

Beside him to his right is Polish Chief of State Alexander Zawadski.

  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-13
14. Ho Chi Minh curries favor with President Sukarno of Indonesia during a state visit on March 10, 1959.
  • Page number: 6
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15. A woman crushes rice as Vietnamese peasants have for centuries.
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16. A member of the 9th Infantry Division and a Vietnamese scout talk with a peasant family during a mission south of Thou Tan Island.
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17. A Montagnard elder says a prayer before a sacrificial altar during a ceremony where the various Montagnard villages pledge loyalty to the Vietnamese central government.
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18. Church services in the village of Binh Hung, a locality with a large Chinese population.
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19. A young girl from a mission school in Bien Hoa province sits in the lap of Charles M. Muscat.
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20. Vietnamese orphans, whose parents were killed by Vietcong forces – one who lost a limb in an ambush, and two polio victims.
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21. During the mid-1960s, uniformed students parade in Hanoi carrying a portrait of Ho Chi Minh.
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22. A portion of the Mekong Delta between My Tho and Vinh Long.
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23. The monsoon rains flood the streets of Chau Doc City in the Mekong Delta, 120 miles southwest of Saigon.
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24. Civilians in Long An province assist regional forces in crossing one of that area's countless streams.
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25. SP4 William Langley of the 11th Armored Cavalry peers through the elephant grass near Fire Support Base Henderson.
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26. Movement across country proved difficult in the rice paddies.
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27. The mountainous terrain near Fire Support Base Action, seen on October 20, 1969.
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28. Mountains seen from a guard tower at Fire Support Base Debbie near Duc Pho.
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29. A small village outside Tra-On in the Mekong Delta.
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30. A French-style house in the city of Can Tho in the heart of the Mekong Delta.
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31. A Buddhist temple in Can Tho.
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32. Hué, the old imperial Vietnamese capital, was a typically curious mixture of the very old and very new.
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33. Saigon, seen here on December 7, 1966.
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34. The view up Le Loi Avenue in Saigon, The Hotel Caravelle is the tall building to the right.
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35. Formerly, the Opera House during French rule, this building became the Chamber of Deputies after Independence and then a cultural center under the communists.
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36. Independence Palace.
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37. Interminable traffic jams made a lasting impression on Americans stationed in Saigon.
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38. "Rush hour" in Hanoi in 1965.
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39. Ho Chi Minh, president of communist North Vietnam, shown here in July 1957.
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40. Maj. Gen. Tran Van Tra, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the communist Liberation Army of South Vietnam.

He was also a Central Committee member of the Lao Dong Party.

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41. Brig. Gen. Tran Do, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Liberation Army of South Vietnam.
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42. General Vo Nguyen Giap (right), North Vietnamese vice-premier and minister of National Defense, chats with members of the People's Army in December 1965.

Lt. Gen. Van Tien Dung, chief of the General Staff of the People's Army trails behind.

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43. President Ngo Dinh Diem with American Maj. Gen. Matthew H. Deichelmann during Air Force Day ceremonies in Saigon in June 1958.
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44. Nguyen Van Thieu, president of South Vietnam, answers questions at a press conference in June 1969.
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45. Nguyen Cao Ky, premier of South Vietnam.
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46. Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States.
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47. John F. Kennedy, President of the United States.
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48. President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson (right) confers with Dean Rusk, his secretary of State.
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49. Robert S. McNamara, secretary of defense under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson
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50. Johnson administration National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy.
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51. President Richard M. Nixon visits with troops during July 1971.
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52. Nixon administration secretary of Defense Melvin Laird answers questions from the press.
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53. Elliot L. Richardson, Melvin Laird's successor as secretary of Defense.
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54. A Marine helicopter pilot airlifts South Vietnamese Army personnel during a strike against the Vietcong in May 1952.
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55. Vietnamese soldiers train in the field during May 1962.
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56. A South Vietnamese soldier shows the flag during operations against the Vietcong during the summer of 1962.
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57. A Vietnamese infantryman searches for Vietcong insurgents during June 1962.
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58. The search is successful and nets four glum Vietcong prisoners.
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59. President John F. Kennedy (left) looks on while Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy (right) administers the oath of office to General Maxwell D. Taylor as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1, 1962.
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60. An L-19 Army reconnaissance aircraft fuels at Vinh Long airstrip on February 21, 1963.
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61. In late February 1963, a South Vietnamese soldier cleans his Thompson M-1A1 submachine gun.
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62. American advisor 1st Lt. Joseph G. Cincotti instructs some troops in the use of map and compass prior to an exercise during March 1963.
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63. Lt. Joe M. Clement, an advisor to the 7th ARVN Infantry Division, distributes leaflets and pictures to South Vietnamese civilians near the ARVN training area.
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64. April 1963.

American advisor Maj. Allan W. Galfund photographed these Vietnamese marines trudging wearily back to trap a Vietcong battalion in the Plain of Reeds area, deep in the Mekong Delta region.

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65. A monument erected near downtown Hué commemorates the death of Buddhist monks killed by President Diem's troops in June 1963.
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66. Strike force billets at the Vietnamese Special Forces Camp in An Diem during the summer of 1963.
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67. President Johnson and General William C. Westmoreland in the White House Rose Garden.
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68. Saigon, July 21, 1964.

The Navy Band of the Republic of South Vietnam plays during welcoming ceremonies for the USS Oklahoma City (CLG-5), which had assumed its duties as flagship of the Seventh Fleet two weeks before. On board was Vice Adm. Roy L. Johnson, Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Seventh Fleet.

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69. Correspondent David Horowitz of NBC News interviews Admiral Johnson, who has just arrived on his first goodwill visit to Saigon.
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70. Destroyer Maddox (DD-731) on patrol in the Far East during 1964.
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71. North Vietnamese Swatow gunboat under way off the coast of Vietnam, close to its top speed of 28 knots.

The armament of these Chinese-made craft included depth charges and 37mm and 14.5mm guns. They also carried surface-search radar.

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72. Capt. John J. Herrick (left), commander of the Ticonderoga during the North Vietnamese torpedo attacks on August 2 and 4, 1964.

At right stands Cmdr. Herbert L. Ogier, captain of Maddox.

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73. Lt. Cmdr. Dempster M. Jackson, executive officer of Maddox, casts an indignant scowl toward the camera as he stands behind a protruding enemy round that struck the ship's Mark 56 fire director pedestal during the North Vietnamese attack on August 2.
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74. USS Midway (CVA-41) steams in the South China Sea off Vietnam during the Gulf of Tonkin crisis.
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75. A Douglas A-4C Skyhawk catapults from an air craft carrier during operations in the Gulf of Tonkin.
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76. Action in the Gulf of Tonkin, August 5, 1964.

A Swatow gunboat and P-4 motor torpedo boat come under attack by U.S. carrier aircraft during operation Pierce Arrow retaliatory strikes that followed attacks on Maddox.

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77. A Sawtow lies dead in the water, leaking fuel, following an air strike by U.S. Navy aircraft on August 5.
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78. American leaders who assessed the impact and implications of events in the Gulf of Tonkin – (left to right) Maxwell D. Taylor, who in June 1964 had replaced Henry Cabot Lodge as ambassador to South Vietnam; Dean C. Rusk, secretary of State; President Lyndon B. Johnson; and Robert S. McNamara, secretary of Defense.
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79. The Caravelle Hotel in downtown Saigon.
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80. Vietnamese police escort an American serviceman injured in the explosion that partially destroyed the 4th, 5th, and 6th floors of the Caravelle Hotel on August 25, 1964.
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81. Armed with an M-1 carbine Infantry advisor Capt. Don Christensen leads an ARVN machine-gun crew through a rice paddy on August 27, 1964.
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82. 4 October 1964.

A South Vietnamese Ranger searches the body of a Vietcong guerrilla killed in a government operation against the communists near Ca Mau, 40 miles southwest of Saigon.

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83. Vietcong corpses gathered for burial at Ca Mau.
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84. Commander Chon, River Force Commander, and Lt. Gen. John L. Throckmorton view a River Force demonstration in October 1964.
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85. General William C. Westmoreland and Ambassador Maxwell Taylor visit Bien Hoa Air Base on November 1 in the wake of a Vietcong mortar attack.
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86. The White House, December 1, 1964.

President Johnson meets with Robert McNamara and Maxwell Taylor to discuss the situation in Vietnam.

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87. The Joint Chiefs of Staff on February 2, 1965.

Seated (left to right) are Admiral David L. McDonald, CNO; General Earle G. Wheeler, Chairman; General Harold K. Johnson, Army Chief. Standing are (left to right) General John P. McConnell, Air Force Chief; General Wallace M. Greene, Commandant USMC.

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88. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara briefs newsmen on February 7, 1965 concerning Operation Flaming Dart.
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89. McGeorge Bundy, Special Assistant to President Johnson for National Security Affairs, inspects damage to American compounds in Dar Lac province on February 7 in the wake of Vietcong attacks.
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90. Marines of the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade splash ashore at Da Nang.
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91. Marine defensive positions at Da Nang. Here men of F Company 2d Battalion, 12th Marines, man a 105mm howitzer position.
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92. The Marine buildup continues as the men of Battalion Landing Team 2/3 hit the beach at Da Nang on April 10, 1965.
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93. Under Secretary of State George W. Ball.
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94. Two RF-101 Voodoos take off on a photoreconnaissance mission form Tan Son Nhut Air Base.

Note the wreckage of an aircraft at center.

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95. A low-flying RF-101 casts its shadow on a bombed –out bridge 15 miles north of the DMZ on April 22, 1965.
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96. Operation Rolling Thunder begins.

A Martin B-57 Canberra releases one of its bombs over North Vietnam in March 1965.

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97. B-52 bombers, having flown 12 hours from Guam drop their loads of 750-pound and 1,000-pound bombs on July 7, 1965.
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98. Craters made by B-52 saturation bombing on War Zone D.
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99. Napalm/phosphorous bombs dropped by a Vietnamese Air Force A-1E Skyraider fighter-bomber devastate a Vietcong insurgent military camp hidden in the trees south of Can Tho in Phong Dinh province.
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100. Low-level reconnaissance photograph taken by a U. S. Air Force plane in August 1965 reveals an SA-2 surface-to-air (SAM) missile battery prepared by the North Vietnamese.
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101. After being awarded Distinguished Flying Crosses, F-4 pilots of the 45th Tactical Fighter Squadron celebrate the first MiG kills of the Vietnam War on July 7, 1965.

From the left;1st Lt. George Larsen, Capt. Ronald C. Anderson, Capt. Kenneth D. Holcombe (partially hidden), Capt. Thomas S. Roberts, Maj. Richard Hall, Capt. Arthur C. Clark, and Capt. Wilbur Anderson.

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102. Prior to takeoff in his F-1000 fighter-bomber, 1st Lt. James D. Kempton of the 481st Tactical Fighter Squadron dons his flight suit at Tan Son Nhut Air Base in September 1965.
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103. November 1965.

Lt. Col. Gerald Beisner Commanding Officer, 558th Tactical Fighter Squadron, prepares to climb out of the front cockpit of his F4C, while 1st Lt. Charles T. Jaglinski has already made an exit. Their squadron was equipped with the first camouflaged F-C4c to arrive in Vietnam.

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104. An F-100 Super Sabre drops a pair of 500-pound general purpose bombs on a Vietcong target in the Mekong Delta during air activity in late December 1965.
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105. Crewmen on board Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) wheel three 250-pound bombs on the flight deck during loading operations.
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106. Four aircraft carriers from Task Force 77 and their accompanying screen.
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107. Primary Flight Control on Ranger.

Men observe flight operations during the kickoff of Rolling Thunder.

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108. An A-4C on Carol Sea (CVA-43) awaits the signal for takeoff during late March 1965.
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109. An F-8 Crusader fires a Zuni rocket into a Vietcong target in the South.
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110. The universal descriptive pantomime of the fighter pilot.

Cmdr. Lowell R. Myers describes his MiG-21 kill over Vinh Son while flying an F-8 Crusader.

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111. Men standing near the Landing Signal Officer's console on Constellation (CVA-64) watch intently as an A-4C descends toward the flight deck. Note the lowered tail-hook.
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112. Medical personnel collect dead and wounded in the wake of a Vietcong attack on Bien Hoa Air Base on May 16, 1965.

An A-1E Skyraider is in the background. A-1s were workhorses, often providing closes air support and cover for downed pilots during rescue missions.

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113. Secretary of Defense McNamara arrives in Vietnam in late April 1965, greeted on his arrival by his South Vietnamese counterpart, Gen. Nguyen Huu Co. U.S. Deputy Ambassador U. Alexis Johnson stands at center.
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114. A Navy hospital corpsman lends aid to a man wounded in the March 30, 1965, attack on the U.S. embassy.
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115. Vietnamese and American civilians lie on stretchers after sustaining injuries during the Vietcong attack on the U.S. embassy in Saigon on March 30, 1965.
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116. Ordnance, signal, and medical specialists of the Army's 1st Logistical Command disembark from General J.C. Breckenridge (AP-176), boarding an LCU in preparation for the short trip into the beach area at Vung Tau on July 12, 1965.
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117. Men clamber off the LCU at Vung Tau. A LARC-5 lies in the background at right.
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118. While touring the 3d Marine Division operating area near Da Nang during August 1965, Secretary of Defense McNamara and General Westmoreland visits with General Thi, I Corps Commander.
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119. Former vice president Richard M. Nixon says good-bye to American and South Vietnamese officers before his departure from Da Nang.
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120. Here on September 14, 1965, the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) boards landing craft off Qui Nhon.

The View looks down the starboard side of Boxer (CVA-21).

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121. On October 1, 1965, Sgt. W.R. Melton of the 2d Platoon, D Company, 9th Marines, talks to villagers about Vietcong activity in their area.
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122. Soldiers representing a cross-section of their native land decorate their Christmas tree at Tan Son Nhut Air Base in the waning days of 1965.

Left to right, the men are: PFC Raymond R. Schultz of Red Bluff, California; SP4 Glenn A. Rasmussen of LaGrange, Illinois; and SP5 Carlos Lopez of Brooklyn, New York.

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123. The elusive Vietcong – North Vietnam's primary asset in the war against the South and its allies.
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124. Typical Vietcong items found in a North Vietnamese base camp.
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125. A North Vietnamese soldier (left) and a Vietcong guerrilla dig in at a bunker position.
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126. North Vietnamese Army regulars on parade in Hanoi during the 1960s.
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127. This cache of Vietcong/North Vietnamese weapons captured by the 2d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment during February 1968 illustrates the wide range of weapons used by the communist forces.
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128. Vietcong small arms displayed at a defensive position near Lai Khe on January 8, 1968.
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129. Captured weapons seized during fighting near Tan Son Nhut Air Base in Saigon in May 1968.
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130. U.S. forces operating just off the coast of Vietnam recovered these supplies from a gun-running trawler.
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131. Entrance to a Vietcong tunnel complex.
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132. View of a bamboo punji pit designed to injure the ankle rather than to puncture the sole of the foot.
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133. A bamboo whip, designed to be released by a trip wire.
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134. A death fall improvised from a 55-gallon oil drum.
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135. The Vietcong used a variety of everyday objects – in this case, a book to make booby traps.
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136. These empty drink cans were filled with grenades.
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137. A Soviet-built T54 tank sits along highway QL-9 after ARVN forces immobilize it in 1972.
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138. A Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17, similar to those used by the North Vietnamese Air Force.
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139. The American infantryman was the mainstay of the allied military effort to maintain the independence of South Vietnam.
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140. A soldier clutched his M-14 rifle during a search-and-destroy mission near Bien Hoa in October 1965.

Note the two magazines taped together.

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141. PFC Michael J. Mendoza fires his M-16A1 rifle during Operation Cook in Quang Ngai province.
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142. A Marine sniper attached to the 4th Marine Headquarters Company aims at a target through his 3x9 scope mounted on a 30.06 sniper rifle.
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143. SSgt. Herbert Suloff demonstrates grenade-throwing techniques for newly arrived troops of the 9th Infantry Division.
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144. A soldier at Fire Base Abby fires an M-60 general purpose machine gun in January 27, 1970.
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145. SP4 Donald Krug prepares to fire his M-79 40mm grenade launcher at an outpost on the outskirts of Saigon in December 1968.
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146. A soldier demonstrates the use of an M-7 flamethrower during a Combat Indoctrination Course at Lai Khe.
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147. During Operation Somerset Plain in August 1968, men of the 101st Airborne Division set up their M-19 81mm mortar on Landing Zone Tabat.
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148. Members of the 505th Infantry, 82d Airborne Division, fire a round from their M-30 4.2-inch mortar at Fire Support Base Harrison.
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149. Fragmentation hand grenades, claymore mines, and red and white flares belonging to a reconnaissance platoon of the 101st Airborne Division.
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150. A gun crew of the 101st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) fires their M-114 155mm howitzer northeast of An Khe in Binh Dinh province.
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151. An American M-48A3 medium tank. Note the xenon searchlight.

During road-clearing operations a mine explosion blew off its tracks.

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152. 4th Cavalry M-551 Sheridan light tanks from the 25th Infantry Division at Cu Chi.
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153. An M-113 armored personnel carrier of the 4th Infantry Division moves through the jungles of Vietnam during June 1969.
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154. M-109A1 self-propelled 155mm howitzer at Fire Support Base Washington near Cu Chi.
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155. Quadruple .50-caliber machine-gun mounted on a 2-1/2 ton truck being test-fired at Pleiku during August 1967.
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156. A LARC of the 1st Logistical Command backs into the surf at Duc Pho.
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157. An Army RPC (River Patrol Craft) noses onto the shore in Gia Dinh province.
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158. T-28B fighter-bombers on the flight line at Bien Hoa Air Base
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159. A U.S. Air Force 0-1 Bird Dog observation aircraft taxies out to the runway at Lai Khe.
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160. In the dusk of early evening an AC-47 fires at a ground target.

This type of aircraft is the famous "Puff the Magic Dragon." Not the tracer at lower right.

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161. Ground crews direct U.S. Air Force A-1E Skyraiders from their parking areas at Pleiku in November 1966.
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162. An excellent thee-quarter view of an OV-10 Bronco in flight over Southeast Asia during the last days of December 1968.

The Bronco was used for reconnaissance and to direct air attacks, but it was also armed with guns and rockets to attack ground targets.

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163. At Da Nang Air Base, a U.S. Marine A-6 attack aircraft stands ready for takeoff on April 8, 1969.
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164. The A-37 Dragonfly provided the South Vietnamese Air Force with much of its offensive punch in the last years of the war.
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165. A camouflaged Martin B-57 Canberra bomber parked at Tan Son Nhut Air Base near Saigon in May 1967.
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166. A B-52 bomber takes off from its base in Guam to attack Vietcong targets during Operation Rolling Thunder in August 1965.
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167. F-100 Super Sabre fighters with the 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Bien Hoa.
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168. Its bomb load shackled in place, this F-105 Thunderchief stands ready for action on November 14, 1965.
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169. Crews guide a USAF F-4C Phantom out of its revetment at Cam Ranh Bay in June 1967.
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170. Fitted with a variety of camera equipment, the F-101 Voodoo served well in its tactical reconnaissance role.
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171. A Lockheed C-130 transport at an air base in Southeast Asia.
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172. Two Sidewinder air-to-air heat-seeking missiles mounted under the wing of an F-105 fighter bomber.
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173. A2C William B. Brotton and SSgt. Raymond R. Janek load a Sparrow air-to-air radar-homing missile onto an F-4C of the 555th Tactical Fighter Squadron.
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174. Naval ordnance personnel board an aircraft carrier hoist a Bullpup air-to-ground missile onto an A-4 Skylark.

The missile carried a 1,000 pound payload.

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175. A Shrike air-to-ground missile undergoes testing with the Navy during 1963.
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 5-53
176. Bombs and rockets arrive from the magazine of the aircraft carrier Ranger (CVA-64) off Southeast Asia.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-54
177. The Navy's Walleye glide bomb was guided by television cameras.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-55
178. The AH-1G Cobra attack helicopter was the mainstay of the U.S. Army's aerial offensive capability.
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-56
179. A U.S. Navy UH-1D in the Binh Thuy area.
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-57
180. Front view of the XM-21 weapon system mounted on a UH-1D helicopter.

The pack consisted of a seven-round rocket pod and an M-134 high-rate machine gun.

  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-58
181. A CH-54A Flying Crane with cargo pod removed sits on the landing pad at Khe San where it served the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).
  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 5-59
182. A CH-47 Chinook helicopter prepares to leave after disgorging its cargo of men and supplies in the Cay Giep mountains.
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-60
183. An H-21 light cargo helicopter during airlift operations in the vicinity of Ap Truang Hoa, 70 miles southwest of Saigon.An H-21 light cargo helicopter during airlift operations in the vicinity of Ap Truang Hoa, 70 miles southwest of Saigon.

Note the crew chief at the door observing the ground below for enemy fire.

  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-61
184. With its 7.62mm miniguns for defense, the HH-53B Super Jolly Green Giant helicopter was used effectively in rescue and recovery operations over both South and North Vietnam.
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 5-62

Box Photo 4
Folder 1-5 Published Images, 1962 - 1995
185. American officials and diplomats meet with South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky during January 15, 1966.

Pictured (left to right) are: Prime Minister Ky; Dean Rusk, U.S. Secretary of State; and Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. ambassador.

  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 6-1
186. January 25, 1966.

Artillery troops of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) deploy their howitzer near Bong Son during Operation Masher. Note the CH-47 Chinook helicopters.

  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-2
187. PFC George J. Pignatore, a medic with the 7th Cavalry, holds a compress gingerly against his chest, having been wounded during Operation Masher on January 25.
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-3
188. Terrified civilians in Bong Son undergo questioning by troops of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).

At the time, troops were detaining large numbers of suspected Vietcong.

  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-4
189. A CH-47 Chinook disgorges a portion of the 1st Cavalry Division's 3d Brigade into a secured landing zone on a mountain ridge during the first week of January 1966.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-5
190. Finally cornering a number of Vietcong guerrillas after three days of operations, soldiers of the 7th Cavalry fire into a Vietcong bunker near Bong Son.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-6
191. Ten days into Operation Masher, PFC Lee A. Bilbrey finally gets a bath and a "helmet shower" after his unit was relieved from operations.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-7
192. Radio operator PFC Ira B. Rolston sounds the call from a Vietcong bugle (captured during the la Drang Valley fight) for his platoon to advance down the mountain toward their valley objective during Operation Masher.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-8
193. President Johnson and Premier Ky talk informally during a conference of American and South Vietnamese leaders held in Honolulu during February 1966.

President Thieu is seated on Johnson's left, while Admiral U.S. Grant Sharp sits across the table facing the president.

  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-9
194. Crew Chief SP4 James M. Ralph of the 229th Helicopter Assault Battalion fires his M-60 machine gun into a Vietcong position marked minutes earlier by a red smoke grenade, on March 16, 1966.
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-10
195. Confusion reigns in Saigon after the Victoria Hotel was bombed on April 1, 1966.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-11
196. PFC Frederick Culp of the 1st Infantry Division holds his weapon above water while crossing a river during a search-and-destroy mission east of Saigon, near Long Tranh, in the wake of the Victoria Hotel bombing.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-12
197. On April 14, 1966, Buddhists move away from a temple to begin a parade through the city in celebration of the government's decision to permit free elections in the near future.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-13
198. September 11, 1966.

The South Vietnamese vote to elect an assembly to draw up a constitution for their country. Here, President Thieu departs after voting at the polls in the City Hall in downtown Saigon.

  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-14
199. A Vietnamese policeman and soldier monitor activity at the entry to a polling place located at a primary school in Saigon.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-15
200. Lance Cpl. Charles Hill assists Sgt. Lee Jankes as he fires his M-60 machine gun at North Vietnamese troops on Hill Hui-Cray-Tre during Operation Prairie near the DMZ on 30 September 1966.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-16
201. Marines of the 3d Division approach a church while on patrol during Operation Prairie near the DMZ on October 27.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-17
202. Troops of M Company, 3d Battalion, 3d Marines, embark on board a CH-46 Sea Knight after making a sweep through the DMZ during Operation Prairie.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-18
203. President Johnson visits Vietnam. He, General Westmoreland, and President Thieu pay their respects during the playing of the Vietnamese National Anthem on October 26, 1966.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-19
204. Men of the 1st Infantry Division exit a CH-47 Chinook helicopter, climbing down a rope ladder on January 8, 1967, the first day of Operation Cedar Falls, the first allied corps-sized offensive effort of 1967.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-20
205. A soldier's grimace during his 100-foot descent from a CH-47 testifies to the difficulty of that task.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-21
206. Operation Junction City., late February 1967.

Troops in an M-113 armored personnel carrier stop at a bridge in Tay Ninh Province.

  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-22
207. PFC Craig Yockey from Fresno, California, of the 5th Cavalry, uses his time off during Operation Junction City to make friends with Davey Detail, the unit's mascot.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-23
208. Members of the 101st Airborne Division wait to unload their vehicles from LST-178 on May 2, 1967, during Operation Oregon.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-24
209. Airborne troops trudge onto the sand near Duc Pho, commencing Operation Oregon.

Note the variety of equipment and armament carried including the M-16 rifle and M-60 machine gun.

  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-25
210. Inland and west of Duc Pho, a UH-1B helicopter lifts men from a platoon of the 1st Cavalry Division (airmobile) into an area where a suspected Vietcong outpost is located.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-26
211. Men of Troop B, 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), during Operation Oregon.

One points in the direction of a supposed suspected Vietcong position. Smoke canisters hang from the radio carried by the soldier at left. These were used to mark troop positions during air attacks and helicopter extractions.

  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-27
212. Members of a reconnaissance platoon observe the results of concentrated artillery fire on a suspected enemy position west of Duc Pho.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-28
213. During Operation Oregon, soldiers from the 25th Infantry Division question a group of passive villagers about Vietcong that are suspected to be in the vicinity.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-29
214. Men of the 25th Infantry Division wade across a shallow stream during Operation Baker on June 109, 1967.

This and the next four photos were taken by SSgt. Howard C. Breedlove, who accompanied the troops on the operation.

  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-30
215. Troops advance cautiously through a bombed-out village in Quang Tri province during Operation Baker.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-31
216. 2d Lt. Michael J. Pulaski (3d Platoon leader, Company A 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry, 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division) briefs his squad leaders on the patrol routes they will take during their search for communist forces.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-32
217. PFC Harlan Slusser leaves a suspected enemy bunker after completing his search during Operation Baker.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-33
218. Lieutenant Pulaski's platoon moves out and advances over a dry rice paddy.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-34
219. A Sea Stallion helicopter from Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 463 brings an emergency resupply of 105 mm howitzer ammunition for the guns of 11th Marine.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-35
220. On August 31, 1967, a river patrol craft on the right and a monitor on the left protect a construction "convoy" as it travels down the Song Vam Co Tay River to Tan An.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-36
221. With construction supplies unloaded from the river boat, a soldier takes time to relax with this harmonica.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-37
222. Vice President Hubert Humphrey, General Westmoreland, and Lt. Gen. Robert E. Cushman, Marine commander in Vietnam, salute the men of the 3d Marine Division during ceremonies and presentation of decoration on November 1, 1967.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-38
223. Operation Bang Dong, November 32, 1967.

Members of the 7th Infantry, 199th Light Infantry Brigade, prepare to search boats that were traveling down a wide canal.

  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-39
224. Maj. Paul J. Gilmore (left) and 1st Lt. William T. Smith (right) of the 480th Tactical Fighter Squadron pose for an air force photographer in front of F-4C 64-0752 on the occasion of their being the first U.S. Air Force crews to shoot down a MiG-21.

Note the victory star over Smith's head.

  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-40
225. Hanoi, June 29, 1966. Oil storage facilities go up in flames in the wake of an American bombing attack.
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-41
226. An air hero of two wars – Korea and Vietnam – Col. James Jabra prepares a postflight report documenting his fighter-bombing mission over Vietnam on July 18, 1966.
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 6-42
227. A reconnaissance photograph shows three Russian-built MiG-17s behind protective revetments at Phuc Yen field, 20 miles northwest of Hanoi.

U.S. pilots were frustrated that they were not permitted to attack the airfields.

  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 6-43
228. A North Vietnamese MiG-17 disintegrates under 20mm cannon fire from an F-105D of the 34th Tactical Fighter Squadron on August 13, 1966.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 6-44
229. Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, top-scoring Marine ace of Pacific War fame, poses for a photograph with the men of his old squadron.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 6-45
230. Plumes from the explosions of 750-pound bombs dropped by F-105 Thunderchiefs blossom skyward from the Xuan Mai Army Barracks and Supply Center during an attack on April 19, 1967.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 6-46
231. F-105 Thunderchief pilots delivered their ordnance onto Hanoi's railyard car repair and storage facility, 2-1/4 miles northeast of the city center during May 1967.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 6-47
232. Col. Robin Olds, a fighter pilot whose career extended back to the Second World War, examines ordnance mounted under the wing of his F-4C prior to a mission over Vietnam in 1967.

This aircraft is loaded for an air-to-ground mission. Often, the F-4s would load up with air-to-air missiles to fly MiG cover for the air-to-ground missions.

  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 6-48
233. Col. Jack M. Broughton Deputy Commander of the 355th Tactical Fighter Squadron, congratulates F-105 ("Thud") pilot Maj. William J. Bailey, who has just returned form his 100th mission over Vietnam.

Bailey donned a portion of his World War II flight gear to mark the occasion.

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 6-49
234. Maj. Ralph L. Kuster of the 13th Tactical Fighter Squadron races toward an enemy MiG-17 at 200 knots closure speed during a wild dogfight over North Vietnam on June 3, 1967.
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 6-50
235. An F-100 cuts loose a salvo of folding-fin rockets into a Vietcong position in South Vietnam during July 1967.
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 6-51
236. North Vietnamese military personnel and civilians savor the moment as they parade a recently shot down American aviator into captivity.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-52
237. Manacled together, two American fliers are put on display before angry, jeering North Vietnamese during July 1967, prior to their delivery to authorities for interrogation.

Supported by his compatriot, the man at right appears dazed and injured.

  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-53
238. His broken right arm and multiple burns eliciting no sympathy from the crowds, Lt. David C, Rehman is paraded before a hostile North Vietnamese public.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 6-54
239. American prisoner of war Navy Lt. Paul Galanti provides a very much coached and coerced film interview.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-55
240. Empty shell casings from the 8-inch guns of Newport News (CA-128) litter the heavy cruiser's forecastle during bombardment in support of I Corps Marines in the DMZ during the latter months of 1967.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-56
241. On board the aircraft carrier Canberra (CAG-2), sailors in the plotting room work out a firing solution for a target on the Vietnamese shore.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-57
242. Smoke and flame belch from the 6-inch guns of Galveston (CLG-3) as six more shells hurtle toward a target in Vietnam.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 6-58
243. Welcome to Vietnam.

Newly arrived troops disembark from an aircraft at Cam Ranh Bay's 14th Aerial Port.

  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-1
244. Arrivals from Tan Son Nhut Air Base ride by bus to the 90th Replacement Battalion at Long Binh Post.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-2
245. Troops arrive from their bus ride at the 90th Replacement Battalion reception station.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-3
246. Processing begins at Long Binh with a stack of forms.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-4
247. Men of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) draw equipment from the Central Issue Facility of the 266 Supply and Service Battalion at Long Binh.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-5
248. A Navy Seabee muscles a load of concrete during construction at Chu Lai.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-6
249. Cam Ranh Bay's South Beach, seen here in a view looking north in June 1966.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-7
250. A panorama of the gasoline tank farm facility at Cam Ranh Bay.

When American first joined the war, there were almost no runways in the region that could support American aircraft. A massive building effort was necessary.

  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-8
251. The deep water port and property disposal operation at Da Nang.
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-9
252. Military Police escort travelers through the village of An Phu.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-10
253. A convoy moves along the road leading to Duc Pho from Chu Lai.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-11
254. An aerial view of Fire Support Base Sedgwick of the 25th Infantry Division located near Cu Chi, seen on August 11, 1969.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-12
255. Land clearing operations at Fire Base Eunice.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-13
256. Sand-bagged buildings at Fire Support Base Black Hawk.

Note the barbed wire obstruction in the distance.

  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-14
257. View of Fire Base Jerre showing dugouts and tents used as living quarters in December 1969.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-15
258. The open-air briefing "room" at Fire Base Sabre.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-16
259. Thomas Brides of the 119th Light Infantry prepares a meal for the men of his unit at Fire Support Base Eagle.

Admiring his handiwork are (left to right) SP4 Larry Simple and SP4 Willie Rose.

  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-17
260. Sgt. Ed Densen of the 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division, opens a pack of C-ration cocoa at the end of the day's work during a search-and-clear operation near Fire Support Base Kien on August 10, 1970.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-18
261. SSgt. William George hefts a turkey drumstick onto the plate of SP4 Roy Wiley of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) during a meal on Thanksgiving 1967.

Wiley's equipment was typical of the "grunt": "steel pot" helmet with camouflage cover, M-16 rifle, load-bearing equipment, and protective mask.

  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-19
262. An ARVN mess cook prepares a batch of small fish for conversion into nuoc mam sauce, a standard element of the Vietnamese diet.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-20
263. Vietnamese support troops of the 50th Political Warfare Battalion enjoy their noonday meal in their battalion's newly constructed dining hall in Saigon.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-21
264. GOOD MORNING VIETNAM!!

SSgt. Richard A. Van Dorn, Radio Production Chief of Da Nang Armed Forces Radio, "spins the wax" during a musical program on February 1, 1968.

  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-22
265. Letters from home cheer the men during mail call at Landing Zone Stud, a forward base of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), on March 30, 1968.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-23
266. A chaplain of the 82d Airborne Division tends his flock at Camp Eagle during April 1968.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-24
267. Men of the 101st Airborne Division take time out from Operation Van Buren in late January 1966 for religious services in the field.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-25
268. At Ben Cat, about 50 miles north of Saigon, a corpsman of the 1st Medical Battalion administers a transfusion to a wounded man.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-26
269. AUH-1D takes off to airlift an injured member of the 101st Airborne Division near the DMZ.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-27
270. The 93d Evacuation Hospital at Long Binh in the fall of 1967.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-28
271. Interior of the Tuy Hoa evacuation hospital on July 15, 1967.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-29
272. Capt. Bernice Scott and Lt. David Van Voorhis of the Army Nurse Corps remove field bandages from a seriously wounded soldier sent to the 2d Surgical Hospital for treatment.
  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 7-30
273. Christmas in Vietnam, red Cross aides Joyce MacCaonnackie and Khaki Barden join Lt. Daniel L. Baldwin of the 9th Infantry Division in serving Christmas dinner for troops on the field on December 13, 1967.
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-31
274. Armed Forces Radio disk jockey Chris Noel performs on camera for the troops during a Christmas Special in 1967.
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-32
275. Sgt. Craig Anderson of the 7th Marines savors a Christmas card received from home on December 19, 1969.
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 7-33
276. Bob Hope, a Christmas institution for three generations of American Servicemen overseas, teams up with the Golddiggers at Long Binh during Christmas 1968.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-34
277. Members of the 101st Airborne Division enjoy the antics of Hope and company at Camp Eagle on the day before Christmas Eve 1970.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-35
278. Seated on their duffle bags, 7th Cavalry soldiers wait at Vung Tau Airfield for transportation to the R&R Center at that facility.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 7-36
279. Soldiers relax on Vung Tau Beach at the R&R Center where there appears to be only one problem – no women!
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-37
280. A drug raid in Da Nang by Vietnamese civilian authorities nets a room full of drug paraphernalia, opium, and marijuana.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 7-38
281. Buddhist family shrines set up in the streets of Hué.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-39
282. Film and office equipment in the rear of the U.S. information Service Building in Hué, destroyed by Buddhist demonstrators on May 26, 1966.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-40
283. A group of marchers hold aloft pr-American signs in English.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 7-41
284. Phu Nom Signal Communications Site located in the Cholon section of Saigon.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-42
285. In the Tan Son Nhut area north of Saigon, personnel at the Combined Document Exploitation Center translate copies of captured enemy documents.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-43
286. American soldiers packing propaganda leaflets into "bombs," which will be dropped in strategic areas of North Vietnam.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-44
287. Using a microphone, a member of the 403d ARVN Political Warfare Company speaks to villagers of Ap Trung, 7 miles northwest of My Tho, about what they can do to keep Highway 4 secure.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 7-45
288. An ABC television news crew unloads their equipment at "The Rock Pile" (Khe Sanh) on October 29, 1967.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 7-46
289. At Khe Sanh, the 101st Airborne Cavalry set up the "Khe Sanh Saloon," a briefing tent and reading room for the news correspondence.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 7-47
290. PFC Stephen Gaye of the 11th Light Infantry Brigade's S-4 Section conducts English classes for Vietnamese children at Duc Pho during mid-January 1968.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-1
291. Children at the Holy Cross Church School in Bac Hai hamlet clutch candy and C.A.R.E. school packets during a Tet New Year's party hosted by the 199th Light Infantry Brigade on January 28, 1968.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-2
292. A member of the 39th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division, carries a sick Vietnamese woman through a muddy rice field to a central medical staging area.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-3
293. ARVN troops advance against communist positions in Saigon during the 1968 Tet Offensive while large sections of the city burn, set afire by Vietcong insurgents.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-4
294. Nineteen Vietcong infiltrated the U.S. embassy grounds in Saigon after blasting this hole in the wall surrounding the compound.
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-5
295. Navy corpsmen wearing flak jackets evacuate an American soldier wounded during the attack on the U.S. embassy on January 31, 1968.
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-6
296. The burned-out wreck of a C-47 aircraft lies on the apron at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, A victim of rocket and mortar fire.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-7
297. Soldiers move up an M-113 armored personnel carrier and an M-48A3 tank in Saigon during the height of the Tet Offensive.
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-8
298. A member of the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Division, pauses at a memorial during a search for Vietcong forces in Saigon's French military cemetery during February 1, 1968.
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 8-9
299. Feb. 1, 1968.

Members of the 119th Light Infantry Brigade established a refugee camp at Long Binh for Vietnamese driven from their home during the Tet Offensive.

  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-10
300. February 2, 1968.

An armored personnel carrier passes buildings that American forces damaged when they rooted the Vietcong from their hiding places in Bien Hoa.

  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-11
301. Clad in hospital pajamas and flak jacket, patient SP4 Norm W. Singleton checks a Vietnamese employee's identification card at the entrance to the 3d Field Hospital during 1968.

Note that he carries an M-4 rifle.

  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 8-12
302. Hué during the Tet Offensive. Supported by tanks, Marines move to clear buildings in street fighting near Hué University on February 3, 1968.
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-13
303. Leathernecks of B Company, 1st battalion, 1st Marines, aid trapped fellow Marines while under heavy machine-gun fire during fighting in Hué.
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-14
304. February 4, 1968.

Gunnery Sgt. F. A. Thomas of the 5th Marines finds a bit of GI humor in a toy car amidst heavy fighting during the battle for Hué.

  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 8-15
305. Cpl. Gary D. Keller of the 1st Marine Division fires his M-60 machine gun through a bathroom window on February 6.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-16
306. 5th Marine PFC A.D. Crum of New Brighton, Pennsylvania, receives a field dressing from Navy Corpsman D.R. Howe on February 6.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-17
307. A Marine from A Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Marine, moves out under heavy machine-gun fire in Hué during intense street fighting on February 9.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 8-18
308. A portion of Hué's destroyed marketplace, seen on February 14, 1968.
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 8-19
309. Men of the 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, relax in front of a bullet-scarred building and light up cigarettes during a lull in the battle for Hué on February 18, 1968.
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 8-20
310. A weary Marine collapses in a heap on the front of his Ontos armored vehicle during a lull in the fighting in Hué on February 23, 1968.

The Ontos carried four 106mm recoilless rifles.

  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 8-21
311. Seen on February 28, a bridge lies collapsed in the Perfume River in Hué, blown up by North Vietnamese sappers earlier in the offensive.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 8-22
312. Walter Cronkite of CBS News interviews a Vietnamese professor of the University of Hué on February 20, 1968.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 8-23
313. Marines blast away with a 105mm howitzer at the North Vietnamese forces surrounding Khe Sanh in January 1968.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 8-24
314. An interior view of one of the many defensive fighting trenches held by Marines at Khe Sanh.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 8-25
315. A forward observer at Khe Sanh looks for signs of the enemy activity in the distance.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 8-26
316. MSgt. Charles Wunderlich of the 82d Airborne Division's 3d Brigade reads a newspaper on February 14, 1968, during his unit's flight to Vietnam.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-27
317. Newly arrived troops of the 505th Infantry, 82d Airborne Division, stand watch during the search of a Vietnamese house near the divisional base camp on February 25, 1968.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-28
318. Burdened with dufflebags and equipment, soldiers of the 82d Airborne Division exit the rear of a C-141 transport at Chu Lai Marine Corps Air Station in mid-February 1968.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 8-29
319. Crewmen on board an Essex-class aircraft carrier prepare a Ch-47B Chinook of the 271st Aviation Company for its flight into Vietnam on February 25, 1968.

The helicopter has been pulled off the elevator and forward on the flight deck where the rotors will be installed. Note the cover catapult on the deck.

  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 8-30
320. Maj. John P. Obermire leads the 271st Aviation Company out of their LCS landing craft onto the beach at Vung Tau.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 8-31
321. Clark Clifford, who on March 1, 1968, replaced Robert McNamara as secretary of Defense. (see photo 8-47)
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 8-32
322. General Creighton W. Abrams, who replaced Westmoreland as commander, MACV.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 8-33
323. Saigon firemen pick up body of a dead Vietcong soldier following an attack on that city during May 6, 1968.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 8-34
324. From atop a tank located on the southwest perimeter of Tan Son Nhut Air Base on May 7, soldiers fire a .50-caliber machine gun into a Vietcong position inside the Old French Cemetery.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 8-35
325. Vietnamese Air Force troops lift a wounded comrade into a trench near the center of the Old French Cemetery during the heavy fighting off Plantation Road on May 7.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 8-36
326. Bodies of three enemy soldiers litter the street just off Plantation Road during the battle that raged in and around the Old French Cemetery.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 8-37
327. Fires set by Vietcong snappers burn out of control on the Newport side of the Tu Duc Bridge in Saigon during May 8, 1968.
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 8-38
328. An M-48 tank of the 25th Infantry Division backs into blocking force position on a Saigon street during the North Vietnamese and Vietcong attack on the city on May 8.
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 8-39
329. Spanning the Saigon River, the "Y" Bridge linked the suburbs of Cholon and Gia Dinh province with Saigon.
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 8-40
330. Members of the 47th Infantry proudly display a flag captured during a house-to-house search of the areas south of the Kinh Doi Canal and the "Y" Bridge during final mopping-up operations outside Saigon on May 13, 1968.
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 8-41
331. C-123 aircraft of the 12th Air Commando Squadron flying in formation spray defoliant chemicals on a jungle area east of Saigon on June 7, 1968.
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 8-42
332. Jungle areas following defoliation operations.
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 8-43
333. The nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Enterprise (CVA (N)-65) steams in the waters off Indochina.
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 8-44
334. PFC Tracy Gray rams an artillery round into the tube of a 105mm howitzer, assisted by gunner PFC John L. K. Alston during 9th Infantry Division operations in the My Cong River complex in June 1968.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 8-45
335. Troops of the 131st Engineering Company unload their cargo from a landing craft onto the beach at Vung Tau on September 21, 1968.

Mormacaltair, a Military Sea Transport Contract Freighter, stand by offshore in the distance.

  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 8-46
336. The political changing of the guard. President-elect Richard M. Nixon's incoming secretary of Defense, Melvin R. Laird, confers with his outgoing counterpart, Clark M. Clifford, on December 13, 1968.

The portrait in the background is that of former secretary James V. Forrestal.

  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 8-47
337. Lt. Col. Cecil G. Foster, commander of the 390th Tactical Fighter Squadron, counts his blessings as he stands up through a hole in the win fog his F-4 Phantom damaged by antiaircraft fire during a mission in August 1968.
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 8-48
338. Two A-1 Skyraiders of the 6th Special Operations Squadron fly protective cover for an HH-3E helicopter of the 37th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron.
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 8-49
339. Bandaged and disconsolate, U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. J.L. Hughes is escorted through a park in Hanoi in May 1969.
  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 8-50
340. Veterans of two previous wars, the battleship New Jersey (BB-62) fires its main battery into a North Vietnamese position near the Vietnamese coast during 1969.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 8-51
340. Veterans of two previous wars, the battleship New Jersey (BB-62) fires its main battery into a North Vietnamese coast during 1969.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 8-52
341. Monitors of the 2d Brigade, Mobile Riverine Force, 9th Infantry Division patrol the Song Ba Lai River on April 14, 1968.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 8-53
342. A Riverine Force crewman trains his M-60 machine gun at a suspicious object on shore while traveling at high speed up the Song My Tho River near Dong Tam on 29 January 1969.
  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 8-54
343. Aerial view of the barracks ship Benewah.

Note its brood of monitors and landing craft nested alongside.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 8-55
344. On the fantail of Benewah (APB-35) sailors man a 40mm quadruple mount while on patrol in the Glad Due area during April 16, 1968.

Note the empty shell casings visible in the gun tub at lower left.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 8-56
345. A SEAL team's outboard-motor assault boat speeds down a branch of the Mekong River with its squad of commandos.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 8-57
346. SEAL Team Leader Lt. (j.g.) Robert Kerrey , later a U.S. senator, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action against Vietcong forces in South Vietnam.

Kerrey's team attempted the capture of an enemy political cadre located on an island near Nha Trang.

  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 8-58
347. A combat team of the 4th Infantry Detachment (War Dog Provisional) sets out on the trail of a fleeing enemy on February 18, 1969.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 8-59
348. In response to a Vietcong attack on Long Binh Post, members of the 1stt Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, move out in their M-113 armored personnel carrier to pursue the Vietcong, after taking a short break in a Vietnamese a short break in a Vietnamese cemetery during February 23, 1969.
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 8-60
349. PFC Charles W. Lowery of the 52d Artillery Group arms a 155mm projectile with a fuse at this unit base in Pleiku on March 6, 1969.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 8-61
350. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird greets a squad of Marines of the 1st Marine Division following his arrival in Da Nang during his visit to the I Corps area on March 9, 1969.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 8-62
351. Secretary of State William P. Rogers listens while members of the 3d Reconnaissance Battalion, 3d Marine Division, explain the mission of reconnaissance patrols in the north sector of I Corps.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 8-63
352. Members of the 77th Artillery, 25th Infantry Division, direct their 105mm howitzer fire from Fire Support Base Sedgwick in support of an Infantry operation during May 2, 1969.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 8-64
353. South Vietnamese General Cao Van Vein presents the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry and the civil Action Honor Medal to Maj. Gen. Harris W. Hollis, former commanding general of the 9th Infantry Division at Dong Tam on July 5, 1969. Elements of the 9th Division took part in a stand-down and redeployment during July.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 8-65
354. An American color guard lowers and folds the flag at Fire Base Danger as part of the stand-down of the 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 8-66
355. Dong Team during the 9th Division's stand-down.

A truck of the division's 2d Brigade carrying communications equipment form the Ben Tre Base Camp enters the town, preparing for the unit's withdrawal.

  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 8-67
356. July 13, 1969.

A CH-47 Chinook helicopter takes off from Dong Tam, bound for Bien Hoa Air Base, while participating in the withdrawal of the 9th Division from Vietnam.

  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 8-68
357. With high hopes for an American "Generation of Peace," President Nixon greets U.S. ground forces during his trip to the Far East on July 30, 1969.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 8-69
358. By October 1969, many units were in the midst of the much-welcomed redeployment.

Troops of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) board an aircraft at Bien Hoa Air Base.

  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 8-70
359. Fronted by helmets, rifles, and boots symbolic of fallen comrades, a brigade chaplain of the 82d Airborne leads a ceremony of remembrance at Phu Lai Veterans day, November 11, 1969.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 8-71
360. SSgt. James Craig of the 2d Squadron, 11th Cavalry, gingerly inspects a 22-pound Chinese mine during clearing operations near Quan Loi on December 26, 1969.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 8-72
361. The mine-clearing team returns cautiously to Camp Eunice, 83 miles northwest of Saigon.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 8-73
362. Averell Harriman, ambassador-at-large and head of the American delegation to preliminary talks on Vietnam, briefs the press in Paris, France, before the 1968 presidential election.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 9-1
363. Abbie Hoffman talking to University of Pittsburgh students (1962).
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 9-2
364. Students protest at the University of Pittsburgh (1962).
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 9-3
365. Service for Kent State students being held in front of the University of Pittsburgh (1962).
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 9-4
366. Ambassador David Bruce, chief U.S. negotiator at the Paris Peace Talks, greets South Vietnam's president, Nguyen Van Thieu.

U.S. Ambassador to Saigon, Ellsworth Bunker, stands behind.

  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 9-5
367. Henry Kissinger (left) and Hanoi's senior representative Le Duc Tho (right) engage in animated conversation during a break in the peace talks at a villa in the Paris suburbs on November 23, 1972.

The two men had met for the first time on February 20, 1970, at a clandestine meeting in Paris.

  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 9-6
368. Vietnamese Air Force students work on the rotor of a UH-1D helicopter during a course on helicopter maintenance at Fort Eustis Virginia in 1970.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 9-7
369. Richard G. Scalf and Thomas R. Parrott, both medics with the 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry, take time for a game of chess at Fire Support Base Louis.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 9-8
370. Men of the 1st Brigade, 14th Infantry, check map coordinates during Operation Wayne Thrust on January 7, 1970.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 9-9
371. James L. Fisher of the 35th Infantry is prepared for action on the perimeter of his company command post ion northwest Vietnam during Operation Wayne Thrust.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 9-10
372. The 155mm howitzers of C Battery, 92d Artillery, lay down a barrage at Fire Base Abby on February 7, 1970.
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 9-11
373. A communist flag, an AK-47, a poster of Ho Chi Minh, and a French 7.66mm pistol were among the items captured near the Song An Lae River by American forces operating out of Fire Base Louis, 1 mile north of An Khe.
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 9-12
374. On their Return to Kontum in Vietnam on June 27, 1970, soldiers of the 11th Cavalry hold up a sign found during the incursion into Cambodia.
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 9-13
375. Capt. Charles T. Guthrie briefs American soldiers and South prior to a sweep during a search-and-destroy mission on February 27, 1970.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 9-14
376. During April 1970, Assistant Team Leader Robert C. Todd of Company D, 5th Special Forces Group, mans a .30-caliber machine gun on the bow of an air boat, while a student from the Vietnamese Mobile Force pilots the craft.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 9-15
377. On April 20, 1970, a member of A Company 1st Battalion, 1st Marines, carries an M-60 machine gun on a search-and-clear operation in the Charlie Ridge area, 15 miles southwest of Da Nang.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 9-16
378. Participating in a multibattalion sweep through the Picken Forest region 25 miles southwest of Da Nang, men of G Battery, 3d Battalion, 11th Marines stay close to their 105mm howitzer as a CH-53 helicopter lands to resupply their ammunition stores on July 16, 1970.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 9-17
379. Cambodian refugees prepare to disembark from LSU-501 of the South Vietnamese Navy, which brought them from Cambodia on July 23, 1970.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 9-18
380. A Kit Carson Scout of the 8th Psyops Team 173d Airborne Brigade broadcasts from Landing Zone English to nearby villages as part of the Chieu Hoi program.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 9-19
381. "Wolfhounds" from the 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division, cross a stream 10 miles southeast of Nui Ba Den during search-and-clear operations near Fire Support Base Kien.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 9-20
382. Soldiers follow their equipment and board a C-130 transport at Qui Nhon Airfield on October 30, 1970.
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 9-21
383. The "Busiest Man on the C-=130."

Using a chain lock, Loadmaster T.J. Donegan secures cargo for a shuttle run. When not loading or unloading cargo, loadmasters filled out a myriad of forms for all items and personnel carried on their aircraft.

  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 9-22
384. A CH-47 Chinook from the 14th Aviation Company lifts off with a sling of fuel drums during a resupply effort to units in the field.
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 9-23
385. A soldier with a camouflaged face sits alone with his thoughts during a break in the action late in the war.
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 9-24
386. A UH-1D helicopter from the 61st Assault Helicopter Company lands to pick up members of a patrol from the 173d Airborne Brigade.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 9-25
387. On a search-and-destroy mission during Operation Bushmaster, men of the 501st Infantry, 101st Airborne Division, go out on patrol in support of an attached ARVN Ranger company during August 1971.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 9-26
388. SP4 Roman Capone, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division cleans his M-60 machine gun as his unit redeploys from Vietnam on February 18, 1970.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 9-27
389. Men of the 101st Airborne Division hand over Fire Support Base Tomahawk to the ARVN 5th Regional Forces and render honors to the South Vietnamese flag as it is raised over the base November 15, 1971.
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 9-28
390. A captain form the 101st Airborne clutches the American flag after it had been lowered over the Fire Support Base Birmingham during stand-down ceremonies in early February 1972.
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 9-29
391. Gear and equipment belonging to men of the 101st Airborne awaits transport from Fire Support Base Birmingham after the South Vietnamese took control of the base.

Note the crossbow stacked with the M-16 at right.

  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 9-30
392. American Division personnel clean M-16 rifles prior to wrapping and shipping at the Multiple Items Processing Point at Da Nang.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 9-31
393. Tracked vehicles await loading on board the freighter W.B. Waterman at Da Nang's deep water port.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 9-32
394. A happy group of soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division undergo a last search by military police and customs inspectors on January 20, 1972, prior to boarding the aircraft that will fly them out of Vietnam.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 9-33
395. Having cleared the last check point, the men of the 101st Airborne Division quicken their pace into the passenger terminal at Bien Hoa.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 9-34
396. The Joint Chiefs of Staff meet in Washington on January 5, 1972.

They are (left to right): Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, chief of Naval Operations; General William Westmoreland, Army chief of staff; Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, chairman; General John D. Ryan, Air Force chief of staff; General Robert E. Cushman, Jr., Marine Corps commandant.

  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 9-35
397. The 16-inch guns of the guided missile cruiser Oklahoma City pound away at North Vietnamese positions, tanks, and troops along the coast in Quang Tri province during the April 1972 communist offensive.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 9-36
398. ARVN M-48 tanks take position near the Dong Ha River overlooking Highway QL-9 on April 10, 1972.
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 9-37
399. Smoke rises from along the Dong Ha River following air strikes by A-1E Skyraiders on April 11, 1972.
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 9-38
400. Vietnamese civilians driven from their homes seek sanctuary in the refugee center located in Quoc Hoc.
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 9-39
401. Americans used air power to evacuate civilians from the path of the offensive.

Here, evacuees from Kontum run toward a waiting UH-1D helicopter in Kontum's Teneze Compound.

  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 9-40
402. View of a B-52 bomber forced to land at Da Nang in April 1972.

Facilities in South Vietnam were not big enough to accommodate B-52 traffic. They operated out of bases such as Guam and used aerial refueling to extend their range.

  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 9-41
403. Two prominent protestors, Jane Fonda and her husband, Tom Hayden, at a rally held in the fall of 1972.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 9-42
404. Naval aviator and pilot Lt. Randall M. Cunningham and his radar intercept officer, Lt. (j.g.) William P. Driscoll, describe to Secretary of the Navy John Warner and Chief of Naval Operations Elmo Zumwalt the action in which they scored a rare triple MiG kill on May 10, 1972, to become the only U.S. Navy aces of the war.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 9-43
405. Two F-4D crews of the famous 555th ("Triple Nickel") Tactical Fighter Squadron pose for the camera after a dogfight in which they destroyed two MiG-21 fighters.

They are (left to right): Weapons System Operator Capt. Stephen L. Eaves and pilot, 1st Lt. John D. Markle; Weapons System Operator Capt. Charles D. DeBellvue and his pilot, Capt. Richard S. Ritchie/DeBellvue team, destined to become the only U.S. Air Force aces in Vietnam.

  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 9-44
406. Post-strike photography of June 26, 1972, documents the result of an air strike by aircraft from Kitty Hawk (DVA-63) on the Yen Lap railroad bridge northeast of Haiphong in North Vietnam.

Note the cratered bridge approach and dropped bridge span.

  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 9-45
407. A B-52 bomber takes off from Andersen Air Base in Guam.
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 9-46
408. A reconnaissance photograph taken on December 27, 1972, shows petroleum tank cars destroyed by American B-52s in the Kinh No railyard 7 miles north of Hanoi.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 9-47
409. The first group of American POWs to be released during Operation Homecoming muster and report prior to their release to U.S. representatives at Gia Lam International Airport near Hanoi on February 12, 1973.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 9-48
410. Dependents of Marines stationed at Naval Air Station Miramar wait for repatriated prisoners of war to arrive.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 9-49
411. Family gathers on Sunday during Operation Homecoming on February 18, 1973.

The extended family of Capt. James P. Walsh celebrates Mass in the chapel at the U.S. Naval Hospital in St. Albans, New York, while Chaplain James P. McKay presides.

  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 9-50
412. Operation Homecoming was a two-way street.

Here, North Vietnamese POWs await exchange and final release at Bien Hoa Air Base in late February 1973.

  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 9-51
413. An army major representing the United States and members of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of North Vietnam arrive in Bien Hoa for the POW release.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 9-52
414. Members of the U.S. Photographic Team Pacific document the release of ARVN POWs at Loc Ninh.

The photographers (left to right) are 1st Lt. Joseph T. Broghamer, SP6 Grant T. Lingle, SP4 Leroy Massie, and Sgt. Richard S. Hiwa, Jr. (the photographer credited with the previous two photos).

  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 9-53
415. The guided missile destroyer Henry B. Wilson (DDG-7), participant in the evacuation of American personnel from Phnom Penh during Operation Eagle Pull.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 10-1
416. The flight deck covered with CH-53 and CH-46 helicopters.

Hancock (CVA-19) sails off the coast of Cambodia preparing for the evacuation of American personnel from Phnom Penh on April 10, 1975.

  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 10-2
417. Phnom Penh seen on April 12 by Marine photographer D.L. Shearer from the left gunner port of a CH-53 helicopter as it descends toward an impromptu landing zone a soccer field.
  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 10-3
418. Navy personnel wait anxiously on Hancock's flight deck fro Marine helicopters to complete their return trip from Phnom Penh on April 12.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 10-4
419. Marine Sgt. Chuck McCormick captures a touching moment on film during the evacuation of Phnom Penh, as a fellow Marine holds a refugee baby.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 10-5
420. The first wave of CH-53 helicopters of HMH-463 return to Hancock with the first group of evacuees from Saigon during Operation Frequent Wind on April 29, 1975.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 10-6
421. A South Vietnamese pilot lands his Huey helicopter on Hancock's flight deck during the evacuation of Saigon on April 29.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-7
422. South Vietnamese, American employees, a French nun, and other foreign personnel from Saigon line up on the starboard side of Hancock's flight deck.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-8
423. An elderly Vietnamese woman sits on Hancock's flight deck and ponders her future.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-9
424. A U.S. Navy photographer catches Air Vice Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky and Lt. Gen. Ngo Quang Truong being accompanied aboard an aircraft carrier following their evacuation Saigon.
  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 10-10
425. The navy photographer shows a high proportion of adult males among the refugees crowding the decks and superstructure of the SS Pioneer Contender.
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 10-11
426. While fires at Tan Son Nhut Air Base burn in the distance, a CH-53 at lower right prepares to set down in a landing zone in Saigon.
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 10-12
427. An aircraft burns at Tan Son Nhut Air Base as communist forces close in on the city of Saigon.
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 10-13
428. A dozen aircraft lie abandoned at Tan Son Nhut, unable to take off because of the threat of communist SA-7 missiles nearby.
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 10-14
429. With the communist forces only miles away, Marine helicopters land in a parking lot in the northern outskirts of Saigon.

Note troops deployed among the parked vehicles.

  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 10-15
430. A Marine CH-53 sets down on a black-topped baseball field used as a landing zone in the northern section of Saigon to pick up waiting refugees on April 29.

Troops in the distance provide security.

  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 10-16
431. Marines of the 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, keep a watchful eye out while guarding the landing zone.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 10-17
432. Refugees are buffeted by rotor wash as they hurry to board.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 10-18
433. Hancock steams for Subic Bay Naval Base on May 1, 1975, with a full load of helicopters.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 10-19
434. South Vietnamese refugees from Saigon debark Hancock to await transportation to Grande Island U.S. Naval Base, Subic Bay, Philippines, on May 3, 1975.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 10-20
435. Enterprise lies docked at Subic Bay on May 4, 1975 while awaiting the return of its helicopter contingent.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 10-21
436. Two young Vietnamese girls seem hesitant to leave the bus that has taken them to Camp Pendleton, California.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 10-22
437. Mrs. Virginia Smith (right) and her daughter Sherry (left) talk to Chu Thi Nhan, a friend of Mrs. Smith's son, Norman, who was on his way to the United States from Vietnam.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 10-23
438. Interviewed by the French Press Service on May 6, former South Vietnamese vice president Nguyen Cao Ky sits impassively during a news conference at Camp Pendleton.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 10-24
439. Do Hai and his wife Pham Tai stand outside their Camp Pendleton quarters with the couple's six children and their sponsors from the First Lutheran Church of Vista, California.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 10-25
440. Marine Private R. D. Shesky of the 1st Marine Division provides a better view of what is going on for a young refugee in Refugee Camp #5 at Camp Pendleton.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 10-26
441. On May 21, 1975, Brig. Gen. Paul G. Graham, Base Commander at Camp Pendleton, shows First Lady Betty Ford a copy of the Vietnamese newspaper being printed by the refugees.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 10-27
442. Entertainment for the newcomers to America.

Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass heat up a lazy afternoon during a concert at Camp Pendleton on June 10, 1975.

  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 10-28
443. Young woman of Ho Chi Minh City wearing the traditional ao dai. (color)
  • Page number: 164
  • Photo number: 11-1
444. Ho Chi Minh City's riverfront. (color)
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 11-2
445. Vietnamese man in business for himself. (color)
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 11-3
446. A mother and daughter smile as they ply their wares in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 11-4
447. An old Vietnamese woman recalled bygone days and remembered Americans with affections. (color)
  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 11-5
448. Rebuilt French headquarters now houses the communist headquarters in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 11-6
449. A view of Ho Chi Minh City's riverfront. (color)
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 11-7
450. Another section of Ho Chi Minh City's waterfront. (color)
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 11-8
451. Ho Chi Minh City's busy harbor. (color)
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 11-9
452. A street scene in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 11-10
453. Another side street in Ho Chi Minh City.

American veterans would find these motorcycles much improved over the thousands they saw in Saigon during the Vietnam War. (color)

  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 11-11
454. A well-patronized book and newspaper store on a side street in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 11-12
455. A main street in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 11-13
456. A Buddhist temple in Ho Chi Minh City. (color)
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 11-14
457. The entrance to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, seen from the pathway leading from the Reflecting Pool in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 11-15
458. A piece of the monument of the American soldier who served in Vietnam.

"The Wall" contains the names of the American war dead.

  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 11-16
459. With millions of Vietnam veterans still alive, the Vietnam Memorial may well be one of the most photographed structures in Washington.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 11-17
Folder 6 Extras, 1970s - 1995

Section: Ennis Whitehead

Folder 7 Pre-World War II Military Service, 1917 - 1931
Folder 8-9 Military Service, 1940s
Folder 10 Signed Portraits and Miscellaneous, 1940s - 1950s

Section: Williwaw War

Folder 11 Published Images, 1940s
1. A view of Fort Mears an Amaknak Island.
  • Page number: P1
  • Photo number: 1
2. Downtown Kodiak, Alaska.
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 2
3. The small village of Unalaska
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 3
4. Map showing positions of the batteries of the 206th Coast Artillery Antiaircraft Regiment on Amaknak Island.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 4
5. The remains of the converted passenger ship Northwestern after she was struck during the Japanese attack on Dutch Harbor, 3-4 June 1942.
  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 5
6. Lawrence “Larry” Obsitnik at the Mt. Newhall A-4 base camp.

The east, lower portion of Amaknak Island is shown in the background. A portion of the village on Unalaska can be seen to the left.

  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 6
7. An SCR 268 radar unit in operating position overlooking Iliuliuk Bay. Mt. Newhall is in the background. The unit was installed in December 1941 and was moved to Morris Cove in May 1942.
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 7
8. A work crew moving a tent a frame from the Morris Cove beach area to the top of Hill 300, the location of the radar unit.

Left to right: Cornelius Carrico, Edward Sauter (on hood), Eli Santos (driver), Clifford Lamb, Donnel Drake, Jack Cheatwood, and Samuel Schmitt.

  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 8
9. A portion of the supply area, warehouse, and barracks on Amaknak Island.

Mt. Ballyhoo is in the background.

  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 9
10. Map of the Japanese air attack on Unalaska, 3-4 June 1942.
  • Page number: P8-P9
  • Photo number: 10
11. Japanese bombs fall harmlessly into the waters of Dutch Harbor, probably during the 4 June 1942 raid.

The Spit and Mt. Newhall are in the background.

  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 11
12. Japanese bombs fall harmlessly into the waters of Dutch Harbor, probably during the 4 June 1942 raid.
  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 12 Warehouses destroyed by fire as a result of the Japanese air attack on 4 June 1942 on Amaknak Island.
13. Only the foundation remained of this warehouse as a result of the Japanese air attack.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 13
14. A view of the hospital in Unalaska, bombed 4 June 1942.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 14
15. A U.S. Army truck destroyed by bomb fragments during the Japanese bomb raid on the warehouse area of Amaknak Island.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 15
16. A Japanese airplane shot down over Dutch Harbor.
  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 16
17. The Russian Orthodox Church located at Unalaska.
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 17
18. A typical Quonset hut.
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 18
19. Martha O’Driscoll and Erroll Flynn visited Amchitka in 1943.
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 19
20. The comedian Joe E. Brown posed with these soldiers on Dutch Harbor in 1942.
  • Page number: P17
  • Photo number: 20
21. Members of Battery I, 206th Coast Artillery Antiaircraft Regiment at the entrance of the Battery Orderly Room in Unalaska Valley, 1943.

Left to right: 1st Sergeant Donnel Drake, Sergeant Dewey Gartrell, and Corporal Edward Knudson.

  • Page number: P17
  • Photo number: 21
22. Sergeant Homer Busby inside the Battery I Orderly Room located in Unalaska Valley.
  • Page number: P18
  • Photo number: 22
23. Battery I has a rare beer bust near its gun position in Unalaska in the spring of 1943.
  • Page number: P19
  • Photo number: 23
24. Members of the F-2, 37mm AA gun crew, located at the base of Mt. Newhall in Unalaska Valley in the winter of 1943-1944.

Left to right: Sergeant Aubrey Albright, D. A. Cox, and Gertie Lee.

  • Page number: P19
  • Photo number: 24
25. NCO Jerald McKinney of Battery A-11 standing in the entrance to the underground living quarters at the northern end of Mt. Ballyhoo.
  • Page number: P20
  • Photo number: 25
26. Larry Obsitnik and Edgar “Dynamite” Justice at the Mt. Newhall A-4 base camp.
  • Page number: P21
  • Photo number: 26
27. Living quarters of Battery A-2, 206th Coast Artillery Antiaircraft Regiment.

Since the living quarters, mess hall, and recreation hall of A-2 battery were underground, the men were called “The Mole Hole Gang” by the other members of the battery. Left to right: Donnel Crake, Frank White, Irving Reichel, Kent Jones (standing), Benjamin Bailey (sitting in rear), Luther Clements (sitting on bunk), Woodrow Trimble, Eli Santos, Clyde Hill (with paper), and Samuel Schmitt.

  • Page number: P22
  • Photo number: 27
28. Battery I, Provisional 90mm (AA) Gun Battery, 206th Coast Artillery (CA) Antiaircraft (AA) Regiment in June 1943.

The unit, consisting of five officers and 122 men, was established 18 August 1942, and assigned to Unalaska Valley about two miles south of Unalaska.

  • Page number: P23
  • Photo number: 28
29. The monument dedicated to the men who served with the 206th Coast Artillery Antiaircraft Regiment.

It was designed by Paul Beasley.

  • Page number: P24
  • Photo number: 29
Folder 12-18 Extras, 1940s - 1991
Folder 19-20 Photocopied, 1942 - 1945

Section: World War I


Box Photo 5
Folder 1-12 Published Images, 1914 - 1920
1. German troops marching through Belgium.
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-1
2. Business as usual in St. Louis, 1914.
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-2
3. President Woodrow Wilson
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-3
4. Walter Johnson
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-4
5. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo shortly before their assassination.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-5
6. Czar Nicholas II of Russia and his son, Alexi
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-6
7. Emperor Franz Josef of Austria
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-7
8. Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-8
9. Czar Nicholas II (left) and Kind George V of England in German uniform
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-9
10. Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, commander in chief of the German Navy
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-10
11. Winston Churchill, First Sea Lord, inspecting British Royal Navy cadets.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-11
12. King Albert I
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-12
13. General Sir John French, commander of the British Expeditionary Force at the start of the war.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-13
14. French General Josef Joffre and French Commander Ferdinand Foch
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-14
15. The famous Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen, architect of Germany’s plan for fighting a two-front war.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-15
16. A British machine-gun crew
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-16
17. French cavalry units moving to the front.

Note the cavalry men are not mounted and are wearing plumed helmets and carrying weapons.

  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-17
18. German wagon trains moving to the front.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-18
19. A 1st Lancashire Fusiliers’ communication trench, June 1916.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-19
20. Lance Corporal Adolph Hitler (right) and German Army friends
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-20
21. General Paul von Hindenburg
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-21
22. General Erich von Ludendorff
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-22
23. Enver Pasha, Turkish minister of war
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-23
24. British soldiers blinded by German gas making their way to dressing stations.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-24
25. British soldiers wearing typical gas masks.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-25
26. German U-boat, L.M. Unterseeboot I, in action.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-26
27. The deck of a German U-boat up close.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-27
28. The Cunard Liner Lusitania
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-28
29. President Wilson’s first secretary of state, William Jennings Bryan.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-29
30. Robert Lansing, who succeeded Bryan as secretary of state.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-30
31. Lusitania survivors, May 1915
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-31
32. German U-139, which sank the Lusitania
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-32
33. German U-77
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-33
34. German U-139
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-34
35. German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-35
36. German U-boats helping to rescue enemy (Allied) survivors.
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-36
37. German U-boats helping to rescue enemy (Allied) survivors.
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-37
38. French poster remembering the death of Nurse Edith Cavell in Brussels, October 1915.
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-38
39. Two German officers making their way through a muddy communications trench.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 1-39
40. Left to right: Hindenburg, Wilhelm, and Ludendorff
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 1-40
41. Alfred Zimmerman, German undersecretary of foreign affairs.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 1-41
42. Poster promoting “Over There,” the most popular song of the war in America.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-1
43. General Hugh L. Scott
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-2
44. A young Theodore Roosevelt
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-3
45. President Wilson drawing numbers from a glass bowl in the first round of conscription.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-4
46. Secretary of War Newton Baker drawing the fist number for the second round of conscription.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-5
47. Civilian draftees file into a barracks and emerge looking somewhat like soldiers.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-6
48. Young Captain Dwight Eisenhower
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-7
49. General Leonard Wood
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-8
50. General John Pershing
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-9
51. The Mexican bandit Pancho Villa
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-10
52. Physical training for new recruits.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-11
53. Physical training for new recruits.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-12
54. Physical training for new recruits.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-13
55. Troops playing baseball.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-14
56. Drill sergeant overseeing fatigued Marines.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-15
57. Marines practicing drill.

Note dog leading the troops.

  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-16
58. Troops practicing marksmanship.
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 2-17
59. Troops practicing marksmanship.
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 2-18
60. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker.
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 2-19
61. Arthur Balfour, Britain’s foreign minister (1916-1922).
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-20
62. General Nivelle
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-21
63. General Jan Smuts
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-22
64. 1st Division greeted by cheering French crowds who are very happy to see American reinforcements.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-23
65. 1st Division greeted by cheering French crowds who are very happy to see American reinforcements.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-24
66. 1st Division greeted by cheering French crowds who are very happy to see American reinforcements.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-25
67. General Petain, the hero of Verdun.

Pershing found him to be the most congenial of the senior French commanders.

  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-26
68. Left to right: French Minister of War Painleve, General Pershing, and Marshal Joffre visiting the grave of Lafayette at Picpus.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-27
69. American soldiers march by a Frenchman with a bicycle.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-28
70. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-1
71. Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt (left).
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-2
72. The House Naval Affairs Committee aboard the USS Queenstown.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 3-3
73. The battleship USS Louisiana
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 3-4
74. The battleship USS Arizona
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 3-5
75. The USS Charleston, a cruiser
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 3-6
76. The cruiser USS Pueblo
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-7
77. The gunboat USS Essex
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-8
78. US Submarine 284
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-9
79. US Submarine Tarpon
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-10
80. Torpedo boat USS Bainbridge
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-11
81. Torpedo boat USS Blakely
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-12
82. Fuel ship USS Ajax
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 3-13
83. Supply ship USS Celtic
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-14
84. “The Admiral’s Barge” belonging to the USS Mayflower.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-15
85. HMS Dreadnought
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-16
86. Kaiser Wilhelm II at Kiel.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-17
87. German battleship Geschnrader (left) and other German warships in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 3-18
88. German battleship Deutschland
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-19
89. German battleship Schleswig-Holstein
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-20
90. Admiral Jellicoe of the British Royal Navy
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-21
91. Admiral von Scheer of the German Navy.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-22
92. German submarines U-103, U-108, and U-113
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 3-23
93. German submarine Deutschland Bremen
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-24
94. German submarine U-14
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-25
95. Admiral George Dewey
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-26
96. Admiral George Sims
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 3-27
97. HMS Vindictive sunk off the coast of Belgium.
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 3-28
98. The hospital ship Gloucester Castle sinking in the Mediterranean
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 3-29
99. A German submarine torpedoing British ships in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 3-30
100. USS Pennsylvania
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 3-31
101. USS Shawmut (left) leading a convoy column, flying the division guide pennant and a submarine warning flag somewhere in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 4-1
102. Destroyer guarding a transport in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-2
103. The USS Covington sinking near the coast of France, July 1918.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-3
104. USS Whipple using “Y gun” to launch a 300-pound depth bomb while guarding a convoy in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-4
105. The German raider Alexandra Agassiz being towed by a U.S. Navy ship.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 4-5
106. German prisoners aboard a U.S. warship after being taken from the raider Alexandra Agassiz.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-6
107. Unidentified German torpedo boats in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-7
108. American troops on a train heading for their port of embarkation.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 4-8
109. Crowded ship conditions for troops heading to Europe.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-9
110. Soldiers passing time gambling.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-10
111. Crewmen aboard ship.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-11

This space was formerly used for cargo.

  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-12
113. U.S. Marines coming alongside a port in France to be unloaded.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 4-13
114. U.S. transports arriving at St. Nazaire, France.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-14
115. Marines disembarking in France.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-15
116. Marines in France unloading their transport.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-16
117. U.S. soldiers working in a war garden.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 4-17
118. An English woman working on a farm to help supply the British army.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-18
119. German prisoners equipped with scythes and rakes marching to cut wheat on farms somewhere in France.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-19
120. Mine layer USS San Francisco
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 4-20
121. Mine layer USS Baltimore
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-21
122. An unknown mine layer somewhere in the Atlantic.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-22
123. USN 404, a fleet of mines in the North Sea.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-23
124. Mines aboard the USS San Francisco
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-24
125. Poster urging men to join the famous Fighting 69th Irish Regiment
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-25
126. Poster urging American men to join the Air Service.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-26
127. Poster urging men to join the Army.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 4-27
128. Men being urged to finish Liberty Destroyer 139.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-28
129. Builders who worked on Liberty Destroyer 139.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-29
130. The roster of the men selected to build Liberty Destroyer 139.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 4-30
131. The Liberty Destroyer Santa Ana in port after its launch.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-31
132. A merchant marine ship being built.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-32
133. Workers with a sign over their heads reading “Thirty days or bust.”
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 4-33
134. Marines arriving at St. Nazaire, France.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 5-1
135. Marines aboard ship.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 5-2
136. Colonel Douglas MacArthur
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-3
137. General James Harbord
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 5-4
138. French citizens watch a parade of Yanks march through town.
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 5-5
139. A parade featuring a French military band.
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 5-6
140. U.S. Marines in railcars on their way to assignment.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-7
141. Schoolchildren welcoming U.S. Marines.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-8
142. Field marshal Sir Douglas Haig
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 5-9
143. Prime Minister David Lloyd George
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-10
144. An American encampment of pup tents.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-11
145. Wooden barracks being erected.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-12
146. The 16th Infantry Regiment’s camp kitchen.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 5-13
147. Soldiers waiting for food at the mess tent.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-14
148. Soldiers stringing cable over railroad tracks.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-15
149. Charles Dawes, head of the General Purchasing Board.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 5-16
150. British instructor giving lessons to GI’s on the use of grenades.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 5-17
151. Highland instructors
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 5-18
152. Group of French tank officers and crews instructing Americans on tank warfare.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-19
153. Americans being trained to throw grenades.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-20
154. Another group of Americans being trained to throw grenades.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 5-21
155. Bayonet practice
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-22
156. Practicing a French method of using a bayonet.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-23
157. GI’s receiving machine gun instruction.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-24
158. GI rigging telephone lines.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-25
159. Americans digging trenches near Hermitage, France.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-26
160. Soldiers filling canteens with purified water.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 5-27
161. Soldiers removing outer garments for physical training.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-28
162. Soldiers preparing for a three-legged race training exercise.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-29
163. Soldiers preparing for a three-legged race training exercise.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-30
164. Soldiers playing baseball.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-31
165. Soldiers playing baseball.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 5-32
166. Boxing match
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-33
167. Cockfighting
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-34
168. 16th Infantry field training
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-35
169. Color guard, 16th Infantry
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-36
170. Trophies and prizes waiting to be awarded.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-37
171. General Pershing awarding trophies at field day.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 5-38
172. The pay tent
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-39
173. Pay day for the 5th Marines
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-40
174. A soldier trying to count his French Francs.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-41
175. Soldiers gambling their money away ten minutes after collecting their pay.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-42
176. Group of French Chasseurs Alpine instructors in Gondrecourt, France.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 5-43
177. George C. Marshall
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-44
178. Charles Summerall
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-45
179. Colonel Hanson Ely
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-46
180. Frank Parker
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-47
181. Target training
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 5-48
182. Major General Robert Lee Bullard
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-49
183. General William Sibert
  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 5-50
184. American soldiers in place with their Springfield rifles.
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-1
185. Men from the 18th Infantry Regiment cleaning their weapons.
  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 6-2
186. American soldier being accosted by a civilian.

Note the bayonet on his rifle.

  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-3
187. A soldier throwing a hand grenade.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 6-4
188. Soldiers loading hand grenades.
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-5
189. An American private wearing the poorly designed British-style helmet, which left the sides of the head exposed.
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-6
190. Soldier carrying a regulation pack.
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 6-7
191. Officers wearing Stetson campaign hats.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-8
192. Officers wearing overseas caps.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-9
193. U.S. 18th Infantry with full packs en route to the front.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-10
194. Five soldiers displaying full packs of equipment.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 6-11
195. Soldiers in gas masks go over the top.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-12
196. Infantrymen ready to fire a machine gun.

Note the soldier on his back feeding ammunition.

  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-13
197. Officer talking to his machine gunners at the front.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-14
198. Machine gun crew training.
  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 6-15
199. American machine gun crew firing at a German airplane.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-16
200. American machine gunner, on the second line of defense, firing at a German airplane.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-17
201. An old wagon wheel made into a solid revolving base for the Hotchkiss antiaircraft gun.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-18
202. A stockpile of artillery shells.

Note the men regulating the fuses for future use.

  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 6-19
203. A French 75 loaded with gas shells.

Note the soldiers with gas masks.

  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-20
204. American soldiers loading a captured German 77mm gun.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-21
205. Entrance to the 16th Infantry Regiment Headquarters blocked by rubble.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 6-22
206. A counterbattery weapon being used as an antiaircraft gun.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-23
207. 105mm Howitzers in action.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-24
208. A Japanese observer (center right) inspecting a 155mm howitzer.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-25
209. Men of the 23rd Infantry Regiment use a captured German howitzer against their enemy.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 6-26
210. Another captured German howitzer being used by U.S. soldiers of the 15th Field Artillery.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-27
211. Lieutenant Robert Crane, 15th Field Artillery, operates a German 150mm gun.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-28
212. American soldiers pose by German guns turned over to them in Armistice Day, 11 November 1918.
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-29
213. Winston Churchill (right) with David Lloyd George (left).
  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 6-30
214. A small British tank put out of action near Chaudon, France.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-31
215. An Allied tank emerging from the woods near Breteuil, France.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-32
216. An American tank from Company C, 327th Tank Battalion, in action at St. Mihiel, France.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-33
217. French tank waiting for the command to go into action near Gutrey, France, on 16 July 1918.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-34
218. A French tank near Breteuil, France, on 11 May 1918.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-35
219. Another French tank operating near Breteuil, France.
  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 6-36
220. A large German tank put out of action during a counterattack by a direct hit from a 75mm cannon.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-37
221. Infantry advancing with support from a tank.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-38
222. An American tank in trouble near Nonsard, France.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-39
223. Signal Corps trucks of the 1st Division being loaded with equipment for the front.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 6-40
224. 5th Marine Regiment (coming down the road) preparing to leave Sommedieue, France, in trucks. French soldiers are in the foreground.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-41
225. Ambulances of the 26th Infantry Division near the front.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-42
226. An American motorcycle drawing attention from French medics (at right).
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-43
227. Horse-drawn caissons in transit near the front.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-44
228. 18th Infantry Regiment machine gun crew equipment being drawn by horses.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-45
229. Horse-driven caissons on their way to the front near the Ardennes, France.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 6-46
230. Brigadier General B. B. Buck mounted on “Coley,” his favorite horse.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-47
231. German officers and soldiers turning over their bicycles and equipment to the Americans, 18 November 1918.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-48
232. German officers and soldiers turning over their bicycles and equipment to the Americans, 18 November 1918.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 6-49
233. Doughboys in the trenches, Einville, Meurthe et Moselle, France, March 1918.
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 7-1
234. Wounded soldier of the 16th Infantry Regiment.
  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 7-2
235. Corporal James R. Gresham
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-3
236. Private Merle D. Hay
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-4
237. Private Thomas F. Enright
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 7-5
238. The graves of the first three American soldiers to die in France.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-6
239. The funeral service for Gresham, Enright, and Hay attended by American and French officers.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-7
240. Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 7-8
241. Colonel Edward House, President Wilson’s advisor
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-9
242. Major General Tasker H. Bliss
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 7-10
243. General Pershing (left) and President Raymond Poincare (second from left) with other officer and dignitaries observing the troops.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-11
244. General Pershing (second from right) and General Bullard (right) and their staffs in Tartigny, France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 7-12
245. Soldiers of Company B, 4th Engineer, 2nd Division, preparing a bombing trench, Nanteuil-sur-Marne,, France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-13
246. Major General Omar Bundy
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-14
247. U.S. Marine band
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 7-15
248. Major General Hunter Liggett
  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-16
249. A joint French-American training exercise near Gondrecourt, France, October 1917.

The French soldiers are in the foreground.

  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 7-17
250. Company B, 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, on their way to the front near Royaumeix, France, March 1918.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-18
251. 1st Trench Mortar battery, 1st Division, on their way to the front, January 1918.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-19
252. Barracks of the 1st Engineers in the cold and snow, Gondrecourt, France, January 1918.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 7-20
253. 1st Infantry Division in the front line trenches, Ansauville sector.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-21
254. 1st Infantry Division soldiers on guard duty in a lookout trench.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-22
255. A dugout used by the 1st Division as a shelter from artillery bombardment.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-23
256. American 1st Division troops in the front line trenches, early 1918.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-24
257. Field kitchen of the 1st Division near Meurthe-et-Moselle, France, November 1917.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 7-25
258. Smoke screen used by an 18th Infantry Regiment raiding party, Gondrecourt, France, October 1917.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-26
259. Paul Meier (center), 259th German Reserve, taken prisoner by U.S. 18th Infantry in a raid, Menil-la-tour, France, March 1918.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-27
260. German prisoners being brought in the 16th Infantry, September 1918.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-28
261. More captured Germans being led by American guards.
  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 7-29
262. German liquid fire machines (flame throwers) captured by men of the 18th Infantry, March 1918.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-30
263. A wounded man from the 2nd Division arriving at the 15th Field Hospital near Montreuial, France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-31
264. Wounded arriving at the 15th Field Hospital in Montreuial, France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-32
265. Private John A. Coolidge of the 1st Field Battalion, Signal Corps, being operated on at the 1st Field Hospital Unit in Bezu, France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 7-33
266. Troops lined up to get food.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-34
267. Troops enjoying a meal outside the trenches.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-35
268. An unidentified GI enjoys a back scrubbing.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 7-36
269. GI’s washing their clothes.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-37
270. Soldiers of the 1st Infantry Division eating dinner immediately behind the first line trenches near Petit Froissey, France, May 1918.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-38
271. Soldiers of the 16th Infantry Regiment entertaining themselves with a piano.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-39
272. General Payton March
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 7-40
273. George Creel
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-1
274. The famous Uncle Sam recruiting poster
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 8-2
275. Poster urging citizens to buy war bands
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-3
276. A war bond postcard that urges Americans to buy war bonds but also demonizes the Germans.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-4
277. Entertainer Elsie Janis, who performed for troops in France.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-5
278. Salvation Army canteen in France, June 1918
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 8-6
279. A trench mirror, which along with a New Testament saved a man’s life by stopping a bullet, being held by correspondent Bert Ford, Bonvillers, France, May 1918.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-7
280. Empty artillery shells ready to be loaded.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-8
281. Workers removing hot steel from the furnace before sending it to the rolling machine.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 8-9
282. A view showing the length and diameter of hot, rolling steel.
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-10
283. Hammering steel bars used for gun shields
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-11
284. A factory producing guns for the U.S. military
  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 8-12
285. Limbers and caissons being manufactured at the Bethlehem Steel Co. in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-13
286. A merchant marine ship in its final stage of building.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-14
287. Lowering the stern of the ship into place
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-15
288. A progress photo posted on a bulletin board of a ship being built at an unknown shipyard.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 8-16
289. Certificate of enrollment for U. S. shipyard volunteers
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-17
290. Shipyard workers attending a patriotic meeting during their lunch hour.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-18
291. Sentry duty at an east coast shipyard
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-19
292. Female workers at a rubber factory in Ohio
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-20
293. Vocational training for women at a machine shop of the Packard Motor Company in Detroit, Michigan.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 8-21
294. Women workers in Yonkers, New York, at the Habershaw Wire & Cable Corporation.
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-22
295. Women working at a clothing factory
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-23
296. Another view of women working in a clothing factory
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 8-24
297. A woman welding a cylinder of a Liberty ship engine at the Nordyke and Marmon Company, a plant in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-25
298. Women airplane builders
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-26
299. Three women with the first wind panel made in a manufacturing department, Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 8-27
300. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker leaving 1st Division headquarters.
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 9-1
301. The port at St. Nazaire, France
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 9-2
302. Nurse with Secretary Baker (left) and General Pershing (center) at St. Savenay Hospital.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 9-3
303. The 16th Infantry Regiment passing in review.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 9-4
304. Members of the “Big Red One” Infantry Division being decorated for heroism.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 9-5
305. Secretary Baker (left) poses with Private Carlisle Babcock of Headquarters 2nd Division in March 1918.
  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 9-6
306. Ferdinand Foch, Supreme Allied Commander
  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 9-7
307. Machine Gun Company, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, on their first day out of the trenches.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-8
308. An American infantryman cleaning mud from his puttees (cloth leggings).
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-9
309. 1st Division, First Aid Station – note how it is concealed from observation by trees and camouflage.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-10
310. Corporal Nick Treger, Company D, 16th Infantry, being attended to at Red Cross Hospital No. 2 in Paris, France.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 9-11
311. Wounded on stretchers being placed aboard the hospital ship Mercy at St. Nazaire for transportation to America.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-12
312. General Pershing addressing the officers of the 16th and 18th Infantries at Gondrecourt, France, March 1918.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-13
313. A battery of the 5th Field Artillery, 1st Division, on the road near Toul, France, where they will board a train for the British-French front, March 1918.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-14
314. The 6th Field Artillery, 1st Division, placing guns in position at Missy-aux-Bois, France, July 1918.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 9-15
315. Members of the 132nd Infantry, Illinois National Guard, in the front line trenches expecting an attack any moment, near the Meuse River, France, September 1918.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-16
316. A gun crew from Regimental Headquarters Company, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Division, firing a 37mm gun during an advance against German entrenched positions.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-17
317. Overview of the taking of Cantigny, 28 May 1918, by the 28th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, U. S. Army.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 9-18
318. Left to right: Brigadier General F. C. Marshall, Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt Jr., Lieutenant Colonel Boswell, and Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt Jr., at Romagne, France
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-19
319. German prisoners captured in July 1918 by the U. S. 9th and 23rd Infantry Regiments, 2nd Division, at Chateau Thierry, France.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-20
320. Barbed-wire receiving station crowded with German prisoners, Mesnit St. Firmin, France, May 1918.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-21
321. Marshal Petain
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 9-22
322. Men of the 26th Infantry, 1st Battalion, on their way to the front in Maron, France, 6 April 1918.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-23
323. Men of the 2nd Marine Division, led by Major J. S. Turrill en route to a rest camp after sixteen days at the front, Chateau Thierry, France, 18 June 1918.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-24
324. Reserves of the 16th Infantry, 1st Division, going into action near Chaudon, France, 16 July 1918.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-25
325. Bridge across the Aire River blown up by retreating Germans.

Note the temporary footbridge built by engineers of the 1st Division in Floville, France, October 1918.

  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 9-26
326. American troops in the ruins of the village of Lahayvillo, France, September 1918.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-27
327. Major General Bundy (left) chatting with Colonel A. W. Catlin, winner of the Medal of Honor in Sommedieue, France, April 1918.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-28
328. Brigadier General Charles Doyen
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 9-29
329. Colonel Paul B. Malone
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-30
330. Drawing by Captain W. Morgan depicting a dugout of the 5th Marines in Bois de Belleau (Belleau Wood).
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 9-31
331. Another drawing by Captain W. Morgan showing men of the 5th Division near Montreuil, France.

The woods where men were encamped were still in range of the German guns. The men built dugouts in which they would disappear at the first sound of trouble.

  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-32
332. Major General J. T. Dickman (center) with aides leaving the headquarters of the 1st Division in Nonsard, France, September 1918.
  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 9-33
333. A trench built through rock by Company A, 2nd Engineer, between Menil las Tour and Andilly, France, March 1918.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-35
334. Private Kraus (front), 272nd Infantry, German Army, captured by the 1st Division, being taken to an interrogation center, Mesnil St. Firmin, France in May 1918.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-36
335. Men of the 18th Machine Gun Battalion, 1st Division, enjoying a game of cards during a few moments of rest in Petit Froissy, France, May 1918.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-37
336. Men of the 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, washing their feet after a hike, April 1918.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 9-38
337. The Wright brother prepare for the world’s first flight, 17 December 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 10-1
338. A machine gun used by Americans on French airplanes during World War I.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-2
339. Hermann Goering with forward mounted machine gun
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-3
340. The Red Barron, Manfred von Richthofen
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-4
341. A typical hanger built by Americans to house a future American air fleet (the war was over before they were used).
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 10-5
342. An airfield where American pilots were trained
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-6
343. Curtis JN4-D
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-7
344. French Nieuport XI
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-8
345. General Billy Mitchell
  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 10-9
346. General Benjamin Foulois
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-10
347. Two airmen and a plane displaying the “Hat in the Ring” squadron symbol.
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-11
348. Raoul Lufberry (left) and another member of the Lafayette Escadrille
  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 10-12
349. A German Albatross
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 10-13
350. Bi-winged German Pfalz scouts
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 10-14
351. Captain Eddie Rickenbacker of the 94th Hat in the Ring squadron was credited with bringing down twenty-two enemy aircraft.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 10-15
352. Rickenbacker (fourth from the right) and others receiving medals.
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 10-16
353. Quentin Roosevelt next to a German Foffer D VII aircraft
  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 10-17
354. The Spad Frank Luke would fly on his last mission.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 10-19
355. Famous army chaplain, Father Duffy, conducting a service over the grave of Quentin Roosevelt.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 10-18
356. A Fokker biplane
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 10-20
357. An observation balloon
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 10-21
358. The crew of an observation balloon from the 2nd Balloon Company near Montreuil, France, July 1918.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 10-22
359. Observation balloon of the 2nd Balloon Company ascending near Picardy Farm, France, July 1918.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 10-23
360. Observer bailing out of a balloon near Meurtha-et-Moselle, France, November 1918.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 10-24
361. Bristol fighter
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-25
362. A wrecked Sopwith Camel fighter
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-26
363. De Havilland DH4, the first American plane placed in France, June 1918.
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-27
364. Caproni biplane bomber
  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 10-28
365. A German Rumpler pursuit plane
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 10-29
366. A German Gotha bomber
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 10-30
367. A Fokker triplane
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 10-31
368. General Hunter Liggett (left) and General Robert Bullard (right)
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 11-1
369. A French 75 mm Battery in action
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 11-2
370. American troops going over the top.
  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 11-3
371. American infantry advancing over open terrain, fall 1918.
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 11-4
372. German soldiers waiting in the trenches for Americans.
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 11-5
373. Wounded doughboys being helped
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 11-6
374. Stretcher bearers carrying wounded comrades of the 36th Division.
  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 11-7
375. Stretchers bearers carrying a wounded man through the mud to safety.
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 11-8
376. “Cher Ami,” the famous pigeon
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 11-9
377. Foch (left) and Pershing
  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 11-10
378. Two Yanks setting out on a trench raid.

Around their necks are canvas bags holding grenades.

  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 11-11
379. Withdrawing from the front, men of the 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, coming over a hill marching to Meuse, France, November 1918.
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 11-12
380. Lieutenant General George Patton
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 11-13
381. Sergeant Alvin C. York
  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 11-14
382. Tanks help break through the Hindenburg line.
  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 11-15
383. Yanks celebrate the armistice, 11 November 1918.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 11-16
384. American sailor (second from left) and Red Cross nurse (second from right) with two French soldiers celebrating the armistice.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 11-17
385. A horse being loaded onto train on the way to a victory celebration in Paris, France.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 11-18
386. U. S. 1st Division troops with arms stacked on the street facing the Rhine River in Boppard, Germany, 10 December 1918.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 11-19
387. Citizens standing in front of a store in Luxembourg welcoming the arrival of the U. S. 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, as they march along the main street, 20 November 1918.
  • Page number: 148
  • Photo number: 11-20
388. General Pershing (left) and the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (second form the left) along with several other generals reviewing the 18th Infantry, 1st Division, as they pass the Grand Palace, 20 November 1918.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 11-21
389. Crowds on the main street of Luxembourg welcoming men of the 18th Infantry, 1st Division, as they march through the city, 20 November 1918.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 11-22
390. French troops parade through Paris, France, 4 July 1919.
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 11-23
391. Children watching and welcoming the 28th Regiment of the 1st Infantry Division liberating Cheveauges, France, from the Germans, 8 November 1918.
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 11-24
392. Members of the 28th Infantry, 1st Division, at the statue of Joan of Arc, Treveray, France.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 11-25
393. U.S. 18th Infantry, 1st Division, crossing the Mosselle River into Muhl, Germany, 1 December 1918.
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 11-26
394. General Pershing (front and center) and General Charles Sommerall (left) with officers of the 1st Division reviewing men who were decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross in Vertuzey, France, 20 November 1918.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 11-27
395. Left to right: Major General Edward McGlachlin, Marshall Petain, Major General Allen, and Major General Robert Howze in Coblenz, Germany, 18 July 1919.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 11-28
396. Lieutenant Colonel G. E. Freeman decorating two sergeants for bravery in Neymont, France, 17 November 1918.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 11-29
397. Left to right: Captain Sidney Graves, Corporal Robert Winkler, and Private J. A. Jarvis, who received the Croix du Guerre for bravery.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 11-30
398. Tyne Cot Cemetery in Ypres, Belgium
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 11-31
399. Aisne-Marne American Cemetery near Belleau, France
  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 11-32
400. “The Big Four”: David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, Georges Clemenceau of France, and Woodrow Wilson of the United States
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 12-1
401. Georges Clemenceau
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 12-2
402. David Lloyd George
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 12-3
403. Vittorio Orlando
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 12-4
404. Woodrow Wilson
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 12-5
405. The 16th Infantry Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel C. R. Huebner passing through the victory arch in New York City’s Washington Square Park, 15 September 1919.
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 12-6
406. The New York City victory parade as seen from Fifth Avenue and East 82nd Street, 15 September 1919.

Viewing the parade from this vantage point were Secretary of War Newton Baker, Mayor of New York J. F. Hylan, and ex-Secretary of the Treasury William G. McAdoo.

  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 12-7
407. Left to right: unidentified, General Barry Rodman Wanamaker, unidentified, Chief-of-Staff General Marsh, Governor Smith, Mayor Hylan, unidentified, and others in the reviewing stand, 15 September 1919.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 12-8
408. General John Pershing in a victory parade passing the Peace Monument in Washington, D. C., 17 September 1919.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 12-9
409. The 18th Infantry Regiment marching in the Washington, D. C. victory parade.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 12-10
410. The entire 18th Infantry Regiment grouped on the U. S. Capitol steps on 17 September 1919.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 12-11
411. View of the 18th Infantry Regiment tractors coming up Pennsylvania Avenue on 17 September 1919.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 12-12
412. A Cole Eight luxury car “side swiped” by a truck of the 1st Division supply train while en route from New York City to Washington D.C., to participate in the parade, 15 September 1919.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 12-13
413. Wreck of a liberty truck of the 1st Division while en route from New York City to Washington D. C.

This truck ran off the road on a steep grade and a bad turn on 15 September 1919.

  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 12-14
414. John Maynard Keynes.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 12-15
415. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 12-16
416. William Randolph Hearst
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 12-17
417. Warren G. Harding
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 12-18
418. Adolph Hitler
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 12-19
419. Vladimir Lenin (left) and Joseph Stalin (right)
  • Page number: 164
  • Photo number: 12-20
Folder 12-18 Extras, 1917 - 1918
Folder 19-20 Photocopied, 1917 - 1920

Section: Personal


Box Photo 6
Folder 1-3 Goldstein, 1914 - 1920
Folder 4 Prange, 1940s - 1970s

Subseries 2. World War II

Scope and Content Notes:

Within this subseries, the images are arranged alphabetically by book title. Under each title the photographs are separated into published and unpublished images. The published images are arranged exactly as they appear in the books and are followed by the unpublished images. In addition to images considered for the pictorial, the D-Day photographs contain images gathered for the ABC documentary “D-Day: A Soldier’s Story.” A large portion of the unpublished photographs are filed under The Way It Was, simply because it was one of the last Pearl Harbor-related books written or edited by Goldstein that included photographs. All the photographs not directly tied to a specific book are located under the category “miscellaneous unpublished images,” which is arranged by topic. Researchers wishing to view images of the daily activities of soldiers serving in the European theater should consult the photographs from the Curran and Finkel scrapbooks. The Finkel photographs also include aerial shots of Paris, Normandy, and the Rhine that were taken during bombing expeditions.

Section: D-Day Normandy: The Story and the Photographs


Box Photo 7
Folder 1-12 Published Images, 1942 - 1964
1. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the American declaration of war in December 1941.

His Arm band denotes mourning for his mother, who had died that autumn. Note Sam Rayburn's signature on the declaration.

  • Page number:
  • Photo number: 1-1
2. King George VI, in admiral's uniform, makes an inspection tour of the heavy cruiser, USS Augusta (CA-31) at Portland, England, just after 1400 on 25 May 1944.

Note camouflage paint on barrels of Augusta's main battery.

  • Page number:
  • Photo number: 1-2
3. Winston S. Churchill, prime minister of Great Britain (center, front row), attends a conference with President Roosevelt.

Adm. Ernest J. King is at far left in the front row, and Adm. Lord Louis Mountbatten stands between Churchill and FDR.

  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-3
4. General Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander, Supreme Allied Command, Allied Expeditionary Force.

This photo was taken in 1945 after Ike received his fifth star.

  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-4
5. Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery commander in chief of land forces, Allied Expeditionary Force, and commander in chief, 21st Army Group.

The 2nd British Army & 1st Canadian Army were also under his command. This photo shows Monty sitting in an M-5 Grant tank in North Africa.

  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-5
6. Lt. Gen. Omar Bradley, commander, American Ground Forces (left), meets Gen. George Marshall, chief of staff, U.S. Army (center), and Gen. Henry Arnold, commander, USAAF (right), on 12 June 1944 in Normandy.
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-6
7. Maj. Gen. Leonard Gerow, commanding general, U.S. V Corps (center), sits with Maj. Gen. Clarence Huebner, commander, 1st Infantry Div. (left), and with the commander of his shore party, Brig. Gen. W. Hoge (right).

Photo taken 5 June 1944, aboard the USS Ancon (AGC-4).

  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-7
8. Maj. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, commanding general, VII Corps.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-8
9. Maj. Gen. Raymond O. Barton addresses troops of the 22nd Infantry Regiment in July 1944 following the fall of Cherbourg.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-9
10. Maj. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, commanding general, 82nd Airborne Div. (left), confers with his assistant, Brig. Gen. James Gavin.

This photo, showing Gavin as a major general, was taken on 20 January 1945, near the close of the Ardennes campaign.

  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-10
11. Maj. Gen. Maxwell Taylor, commanding general, 101st Airborne Division.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-11
12. Brig. Gen. Anthony McAuliffe, assistant commander, 101st Airborne Division.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-12
13. Lt. Gen. George Patton, commanding general, U.S. 3rd Army, standing in a Dodge 3/4-ton command vehicle as he confers with one of his officers in Sicily, 1943.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-13
14. Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay, RN, commander in chief, naval forces, Allied Expeditionary Forces (left), strolls with Rear Adm. John Hall, commander, Task Force 124.

Taken aboard Ancon, 24 May 1944.

  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-14
15. Rear Adm. Alan Kirk, commander, Task Force 122, WeRear Adm. Alan Kirk, commander, Task Force 122, Western Naval Force, watching the Normandy landing from his flagship, Augusta.stern Naval Force, watching the Normandy landing from his flagship, Augusta.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-15
16. Rear Adm. Donald Moon, commander, Task Force 125.

Photo taken at Algiers on 24 March 1944.

  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-16
17. Rear Adm. Morton Deyo, commander, Task Force "U" Bombardment Group (right), with Kirk (center), and Ike (left), 19 May 1944, on board Tuscaloosa.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-17
18. Rear Adm. John Hall, commander, Task Force 124, shown on his flagship, Ancon, in the English Channel, June 1944.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-18
19. Rear Adm. Carlton Bryant, commander, Force "O" Bombardment Group.

This photo was taken in December 1950.

  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-19
20. Commodore Campbell Edgar, commander, Task Force 126.

In this photo he is a captain in command of the transport USS William P. Biddle (APA-15) about 1941.

  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-20
21. General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, commander, U.S. Army Air Force.
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-21
22. General Eisenhower (left) inspects a 9th Air Force fighter base in march 1944, accompanied by Maj. Gen. Lewis Bereton, commanding general, 9th Air Force (right), and Brig. Gen. Elwood Quesada, chief, 9th Fighter Command (center).
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-22
23. British Air Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, commander in chief, Allied Expeditionary Air Forces.
  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-23
24. Adolph Hitler, chancellor of the German Reich (right), rides with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (left) during their heyday.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-24
25. Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, chief of OKW (left), chats with Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler (right), probably before the war.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-25
26. General der Artillerie Alfred Jodl, chief of staff of the German Army.

Hitler retained titular command.

  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-26
27. Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt, commander in chief in the West.

This photo was taken following his capture in 1945.

  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-27
28. Generalfeldmarschall Gunther von Kluge, successor to Rundstedt as OB West.

He is shown here with Hitler during the 1935 Fall Maneuvers.

  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-28
29. Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel, commander, Army Group B in Normandy.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-29
30. Generaloberst Heinz Guderian, inspector general of Panzers.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-30
31. Generaloberst Friedrich Dollman, commanding general, 7th Army.

Note on the right breast of Dollman’s tunic the thread loops used to secure decorations and ribbon bars.

  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-31
32. Obergruppenfuhrer Paul Hausser, successor to Dollman as commander, 7th Army, following Normandy.
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-32
33. General der Artillerie Erich Marcks (left), commander of the 7th Army’s 84th Corps, with lay within the Normandy sector.
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-33
34. Reichmarschall Hermann Goring, chief of OKL.
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-34
35. Gen. Adolph Galland, commander, German Fighter Command.
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-35
36. Grossadmiral Karl Donitz, admiral of the fleet, Kreigsmarine (German Navy) and KM (Naval High Command).
  • Page number: 14
  • Photo number: 1-36
37. Adm. Theodor Krancke, chief of the Naval Group West (right) speaks with Luftwaffe Gen. Johannes Jeschonneck.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 1-37
38. Generalleutnant Gunther Blumentritt, OB West chief of staff to von Rundstedt.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-1
39. A German reinforced concrete observation post at Cherbourg.

Note the camouflage paint scheme.

  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-2
40. A tired German unteroffizier, or sergeant, comes on board battleship USS Texas on 7 June 1944.
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-3
41. Two polish prisoners, likely Volksdeutsche, being interrogated on 15 June 1944.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-4
42. Ten glum Mongolian Freiwilligen stand under guard on board a U.S. warship in the aftermath of the Normandy invasion.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-5
43. American infantry round up civilian laborers and German and Italian soldiers on Omaha Beach during 6 June 1944.

A wounded American at right stands on guard.

  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-6
44. A 153-mm field gun the Germans captured from the Russians and transported to the Normandy front.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-7
45. Generalleutnant Fritz Bayerlein (right), commander, Panzer Lehr Division, reports to General Cruewell during the heyday of the Afrika Korps.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-8
46. A German infantry private (note the white piping on the shoulder straps) demonstrates one of his prior occupations for his American captors on 15 June 1944.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-9
47. Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben, commander, 709th Infantry Division.

Shown here as an oberst early in the war.

  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-10
48. Comparison of 1943 and 1944 German infantry divisions.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-11
49. Comparative firepower of U.S. and German infantry division in 1944.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-12
50. Positions of German divisions in Normandy and vicinity on 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-13
51. Generalmajor Wilhelm Falley, commander, 91st Infantry Division (right center), confers with General der Artillerie Erich Marcks of the 84th Corps.
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-14
52. Oberst Baron Friedrich-August Freiherr von der Heydte, commander, 6th Fallschirmjager Regiment.

Shown here as a major, listening to a radio in his command car.

  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-15
53. Generalleutnant Dietrich Kraiss, commander, 352nd Infantry Division.

Kraiss wears a WWI-era Iron Cross 1st Class, with a "W" for Kaiser "Wilhelm" rather than a swastika in the center.

  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-16
54. The approach to Omaha Beach as seen from the PT boat that carried Adm. Harold Stark ashore on an inspection tour of the Allied beachhead on 14 June 1944.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-17
55. View from a German 75 mm PAK43 gun position in a Normandy pillbox.

PAK stands for Panzerabwehrkanone (antitank gun).

  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-18
56. Cliffs of Normandy at high tide and beach obstacles in the surf.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-19
57. View of an invasion beach.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-20
58. Le bocage – the hedgerows of Normandy.
  • Page number: 26-27
  • Photo number: 2-21
59. Railway car full of mines abandoned by the Germans at Cherbourg.

This photo was taken on 3 July 1944.

  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 2-22
60. German Teller mines affixed to posts and planted in the surf west of Omaha near Pointe du Hoc.
  • Page number: 26-27
  • Photo number: 2-23
61. Teller mine attached to a pole fashioned from a tree trunk on Utah Beach.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-24
62. A 75mm L24 gun turret from a Mark IIIN Panzer in place on Omaha Beach provides evidence of the effort to recycle outdated armored equipment.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-25
63. German machine-gun position at La Grande Vey between Utah and Omaha beaches.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-26
64. German pillbox in use as an Army command post after the invasion.

Note American equipment.

  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-27
65. An incomplete German 105mm gun emplacement of reinforced concrete construction, two mile inland from Fort St.-Marcouf, north of Utah Beach.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-28
66. A 50mm gun emplacement on the beach at la Grande Vey between Utah and Omaha beaches.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-29
67. Leaving hurriedly, the Germans failed to remove this minefield sign.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-30
68. Teller mines and other antipersonnel weapons lie on the beach at Normandy, after being "tamed" by Allied sappers.
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 2-31
69. The business end of a German bomb hangs suspended from a cliff overlooking Omaha Beach.

The precise location is not known, but likely it was Point du Hoc, where the 2nd Ranger Battalion landed.

  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 2-32
70. German flamethrower near Fort de Foucarville, inland from Utah Beach.
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-33
71. German remote-control "Beetle" miniature tank photographed shortly after the initial landings.

Note the socks drying in the background.

  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-34
72. Berman 88mm Flak42 gun.

This example was photographed in Sicily, 7 August 1943.

  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-35
73. German tank, or panzer, PzKpfw (Panzerkampfwagen) IV Aus H with 75mm L48 gun.

This example taken near Sezze, Italy, on 29 May 1944.

  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 2-36
74. German Kettenkraftrad, or tracked motorcycle, captured in Normandy.

This photo was taken on 14 June 1944 near Isibny. An American soldier sits astride while other soldiers repair the unit for their own transportation.

  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 2-37
75. German MG-42 machine gun.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-38
76. Czech Brno light machine gun, captured and put to use by the Germans.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-39
77. American troops in England examine two captured German weapons – a Walther P-38 9mm pistol and an Mp-40 machine pistol.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-40
78. Captured German rifles, bazooka, and range finder.
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-41
79. German Panzerfauste (armored fists) – crude, one-shot bazookas, rigged for demolition toward the end of the war.

Note stencil reading "Vorsicht! Starker Feuerstrahl!" ("Caution! Strong flame jet!")

  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-42
80. Battleship Nevada (BB-36) in 1944.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 2-43
81. Battleship Texas (BB-35) on 1 April 1944.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 2-44
82. Destroyer Thompson (DD-627) seen from Arkansas during preparations fro Normandy, late May 1944.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 2-46
83. AN LCM makes fast alongside LCI(L)-95 off Utah Beach, 12 June 1944.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 2-47
84. LCF-22 stands offshore during the invasion rehearsals at Slapton Sands, off the coast of Great Britain.
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 2-48
85. AN LCM, PA13-2, stands ready to take a jeep onboard from a Coast Guard-manned transport during June 1944.
  • Page number: 38
  • Photo number: 2-49
86. LCT-520 releasing its load of trucks on 11 June 1944.

Note how shallow the water is – barely up to the thighs of the crews near the vessel.

  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 2-50
87. British LCT-2008, operating under the American flag, approaches the invasion beaches on 7 June 1944.
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 2-51
88. British LCT(R)-48 turns away from the Normandy beaches after delivering its rockets.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 2-52
89. An LCVP, PA30-31, pulls away form its mother ship during pre-invasion loading operations.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 2-53
90. LST-325 and LST-388 unload at low tide during the resupply operations on 12 June 1944.

Note the barrage balloons, single 40mm AA guns, and "Danforth"-style Kedge anchor.

  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 2-54
91. The Army DUKW "Jesse James" trudges through the surf to land its load of supplies on 11 June 1944.
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 2-55
92. Two U.S. coast Guard 83-foot patrol boats operate as rescue craft off the Normandy beaches.
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 2-56
93. A Rhino ferry is linked with LST-322 and takes on a full cargo of invasion vehicles during pre-invasion exercises off the English coast.
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 2-57
94. A Rhino ferry loaded with personnel and vehicles and a barrage balloon flies overhead.
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 2-58
95. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 2-59
96. North American P-51 Mustang, the nemesis of the Luftwaffe day fighter pilot.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 2-60
97. Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 2-61
98. Douglas A-20 Havoc.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 2-62
99. B-17F Flying Fortress.

This example is the F variant, already being superseded in large numbers by the G model.

  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 2-63
100. Douglas C-47.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 2-64
101. Army White M-3 half-rack rolls onto causeway from the ramp of an LCT.

The causeway is composed of Rhine barges. Note the gas can below and in front of the windshield. Navy personnel, identified by circular bands around the bottom of their helmets, direct the activity.

  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 2-65
102. An M-4A2 Sherman tank from a French unit rolls out of an LST onto the sands of Utah Beach.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 2-66
103. The American M-4 Sherman "Hurricane" with wading kit rolls onto Utah beach during 6 June.

The tank crews fully expected to have to come onto the beached in several feet of water, hence they modified the air intakes with breather hoods to prevent water from being pulled into the engine, This particular vehicle has a strange mixture of U.S./British markings.

  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 2-67
104. Army jeep "Dam Yankee" is towed ashore after floundering in the surf on 12 June.

Note the black driver and the censored vehicle unit data on the front bumper. Just like the tanks, this vehicle is also fitted with an amphibious breathing tube.

  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 2-68
105. An Army M-7 Priest self-propelled, 106mm howitzer, "Big Chief," From Battery B, 42nd Field Artillery, waits to go onboard an LCT at Dartmouth, England, on 1 June 1944.

Breather hoods are just visible in the rear, and a sign on its front says that the vehicle is supposed to load onto LCT-234. The sign in the background, "Simonds, Ales, Wines, and Spirits," suggests that this building might be perhaps a haunt of American servicemen

  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 2-69
106. Hedgerow "plow" affixed to the front of an M-5A1 Stuart light tank.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 2-70
107. Equipment carried by a parachutist rifleman.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 2-71
108. Parachutist equipment for a rifle grenadier.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 2-72
109. Emergency parachute rations.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 2-73
110. Rear Adm. Wilkes (left) and Capt. Chauncey Camp (right) watch a dawn landing exercise at Woolacombe, England, on 31 October 1943.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 3-1
111. Landing craft swing out form shore, en route to Woolacombe form landing rehearsals during 31 October 1943.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 3-2
112. Crewmen in slickers and life vests bail frantically to clear water from a broached LCVP during the Woolacombe exercises.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 3-3
113. Troops splash through the surf at Woolacombe as they disembark from an LCVP.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 3-4
114. An Army staff sergeant and captain – both quite wet – watch impassively as the Woolacombe landings unfold.

The captain totes an M-1 carbine, and the sergeant wears an inflatable life belt – standard equipment in the landing craft.

  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 3-5
115. An American soldier reads a signboard erected at Slapton Sands on 29 December 1943 during the evacuation.
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 3-6
116. Street scene in Slapton Sands during the civilian evacuation.
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 3-7
117. A young English girl during the evacuation.
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 3-8
118. The broad beached near Slapton Sands.

Note the grassy slopes similar to those encountered in Normandy.

  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 3-9
119. LST-322 disgorges a portion of its cargo into a Rhino ferry off Slapton Sands.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 3-10
120. Convoy of LCTs plies the waters off Slapton Beach, 10 January 1944.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 3-11
121. Black soldiers roll off a Rhino ferry and land their jeep.

The technician 5th grade at center is apparently attached directly to the 1st Army.

  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 3-12
122. Landing practice 17 Mach 1944.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 3-13
123. LCI-323 at left appears to be dead in the water, while the covey of LCVPs approaches the strand.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 3-14
124. An L-4 Piper observation plane passes overhead after the LCVPs maker their dash for the beach.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 3-15
125. The landing takes place.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 3-16
126. An infantryman’s-eye view of the beach obstructions at Slapton Beach.
  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 3-17
127. Two member s of a Navy communications unit scan the horizon out to sea for messages from the ship approaching the shore.
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 3-18
128. (Left to right) Lt. Gen. Bradley, Rear Adm. Hall, Maj. Gen. Gerow, and Maj. Gen. Huebner consult while observing the invasion rehearsals off the English coast.
  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 3-19
129. Destroyer Thompson (DD-627) refuels from Arkansas during pre-invasion exercises on 21 April 1944.

Note the wire, or "hawser," at right securing Thompson to the battleship’s port beam and refueling line at center.

  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 3-20
130. LST-289, its stern blown away by a torpedo launched in a German E-boat attack on 28 April 1944, lies at Dartmouth, England.

An LCM is alongside.

  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 3-21
131. LST-289’s badly damaged stern.

Note the ship’s steel-hulled LCVP’s and the cockeyed, single 40 mm mount.

  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 3-22
132. Battleships Texas (right) and Nevada lie at anchor in Belfast Lough.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 3-23
133. General Eisenhower addresses crew members on the afterdeck of Texas.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 3-24
134. Ike and Kirk tour Quincy at Belfast Lough.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 3-25
135. Anesthetist HAIc Jesse Taylor (left) concentrates on the "patient" while Capt. A. Weiland (right), with the assistance of Lt. Joseph Barbella, prepares a plaster bandage for the patient’s right forearm. PhM2c. Edward Schork looks on.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 3-26
136. Members of the Army’s 82nd Airborne Division display their skills in a demonstration jump.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 3-27
137. Dignitaries including Churchill and Eisenhower watch a practice parachute drop in England on 23 March 1944.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 3-28
138. Members of the 101st Airborne assemble a gun dropped during training exercises in Berkshire, England.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 3-29
139. Bombs plummet to earth from a 9th Air Force medium bomber during the railroad and bridge busting campaign.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 3-30
140. Bomb detonations temporarily obscure the bridge somewhere in northern France.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 3-31
141. 9th Air Force bombers attack yet another bride in northern France.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 3-32
142. Smoldering remains of an additional critical bridge.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 3-33
143. Lt. Gen. Patton inspects the engine of a P-51 at the 354th Fighter Group in the British Isles.

At far right is the group commander, Col. George Bickell.

  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 3-34
144. 9th Air Force reconnaissance photo shows beach obstructions near Cherbourg one month prior to the invasion.

Note the Germans standing and, in some cases, running among the obstacles.

  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 3-35
145. Normandy, 0140, 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 3-36
146. Road intersection in northern France, early morning, 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 3-37
147. Quartermaster Depot G-22 at Moreton-on-Lugg, Hertfordshire, England.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 3-38
148. General Depot G-23 at Histon, England.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 3-39
149. Lt. Col. D. MacArdle admires the handiwork displayed on the back of Sea 1c Edwin parker’s jacket during the loading operations just prior to D-Day.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 4-1
150. Lt. Comdr. Dwight Shepler sketches an LST in the background.
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 4-2
151. Correspondent George Hicks records interviews with men onboard an LST before the Normandy invasion.

Note the electronics gear in the foreground.

  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 4-3
152. Men of Force B (Backup Force) line up on the docks in Plymouth, England, to commence loading operations on 1 or 2 June 1944.
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 4-4
153. Two Force "B" LCVPs in Plymouth come alongside a larger ship to transfer their men on board.
  • Page number: 68
  • Photo number: 4-5
154. Assault Force "O," lying at Portland Harbor, England, readies itself on 2 June 1944 for the voyage to Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 68-69
  • Photo number: 4-6
155. Members of the 116th Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion, depart from the beach in a fully laden LCVP, bound for USS Thomas Jefferson (APA-30).

Note inflatable life belt on soldier at right.

  • Page number: 68-69
  • Photo number: 4-7
156. Troops transfer from an LCVP to LCI(L)-539.

Rations are piled on the LCI’s deck.

  • Page number: 69
  • Photo number: 4-8
157. Soldiers board an LCI(L).

Note the AA mount.

  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 4-9
158. Trucks destined for Omaha Beach back into LST-51 at Portland Harbor, England, on 2 June 1944.

The truck backing in is a British Bedford with American wheels.

  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 4-10
159. View from LST-51 as it backs away from its mooring at Portland Harbor on 2 June 1944.

LST-75 is in the background at left, with a barrage balloon flying above it.

  • Page number: 70
  • Photo number: 4-11
160. Laden with troops bound for Utah Beach, an LCVP approaches a nest of LCIs belonging to Task Unit 125.5.3.
  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 4-12
161. An Army captain guides vehicles assigned the Force "U" on board LCT-821 at Dartmouth, England, on 1 June 1944.

Note M-7 Priest self-propelled howitzers among the cargo.

  • Page number: 71
  • Photo number: 4-13
162. An Army Field Kitchen Unit rolls onboard LST-506. Note cartoon painted on the side of the kitchen unit.

Just to the left rear of the kitchen, a sailor named "Dick" looks on.

  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 4-14
163. Utah Beach-bound M-16 gun motor carriage boards LST-47 at Dartmouth, England, on 1 June 1944.

Note famed "quad-.50s" mount in half-track at left and the nickname "Der Fuehrer’s Express."

  • Page number: 72
  • Photo number: 4-15
164. View of loading from hold of LST-47.

"Der Fuehrer’s Express" backs in.

  • Page number: 73
  • Photo number: 4-16
165. Lying in the River Dart, LST-47 (no doubt with "Der Fuehrer’s Express" safely tucked away on board).
  • Page number: 72-73
  • Photo number: 4-17
166. Chaplain Meyer holds Jewish services on board Ancon, flagship of Force "O" in early June 1944.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 4-18
167. Catholic Chaplain Deery conducts Mass on Ancon.
  • Page number: 74
  • Photo number: 4-19
168. Protestant services in progress on Ancon on 3 June 1944.

Seated in the front row, Generals Gerow and Huebner seek reassurance from Navy Chaplain R. McConnell. Note V Corps patch on shoulder of man at right.

  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 4-20
169. Catholic service on a Coast Guard-manned LCI.
  • Page number: 75
  • Photo number: 4-21
170. Dorthea L. Dix (APA-67) of Assault Force "O-3," Comdr. William Leahy commanding, lies at anchor on 5 June, following the postponement of 4 June 1944.

Embarking a portion of the 16th Infantry Regiment of the 1st Division, this unit would be the first in Omaha, on Beaches Fox Green and Easy Red.

  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 4-22
171. An LCVP plies its way toward a transport on 5 June 1944 off the coast of England.
  • Page number: 76
  • Photo number: 4-23
172. Army Chaplain Edward Waters holds services on a pier.

Note profusion of inflatable life belts and the soldier "Jersey" wit a -drawing of a jeep on the back of his jacket in the foreground.

  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 4-24
173. An Anglican priest pronounces a benediction upon the crew of HMCS Algonquin on 5 June 1944.

A destroyer in Force "J" of the Eastern Task Force, Algonquin was destined for the Canadian Juno Beach landings in Normandy.

  • Page number: 77
  • Photo number: 4-25
174. On 5 June 1944, Coast Guard Coxswain Don Brewer finds time to send home one last letter before the invasion.

Note pictures of wife or sweetheart and the pipe tobacco on the shelf behind him and the pinup on the wall.

  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 4-26
175. Shortly before embarking on C-47 transports, members of Col. Leroy Lindquist’s 508th Parachute Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division, receive V-Mail blanks in order to send one last letter to wives, sweethearts, or the folks at home.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 4-27
176. Other members of the 508th check equipment at their temporary airfield at Saltby, England.
  • Page number: 78
  • Photo number: 4-28
177. Eisenhower talks to troops of the 101st Airborne Division shortly before their departure.

Purpose of the "23" sign on the man at right is a mystery.

  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 4-29
178. Members of the 101st Airborne Division, with camouflage on their helmets and face darkened, read one last letter from home.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 4-30
179. Lt. Gen. Brereton, commanding general, 9th Air Force, bids farewell to members of the 101st Airborne.

Note the very roughly and, likely, hurriedly painted invasion stripes on the fuselage of the C-47 in the background.

  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 4-31
180. Soldier at left in the previous picture manages a smile for the camera.
  • Page number: 79
  • Photo number: 4-32
181. Medical evacuation teams prepare to load up for Normandy on the evening of 5 June 1944.

Note Their Red Cross armbands and aircraft invasion stripes.

  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 4-33
182. Army troops on board a Force "U" LCT stand ready for the ride across the English Channel to Utah Beach.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 4-34
183. A Coast Guard-manned LST departs from England on the voyage to Normandy.
  • Page number: 80
  • Photo number: 4-35
184. A convoy of LCIs sails across the English Channel toward Normandy on D-Day.

A barrage balloon protects each LCI from low-flying aircraft.

  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 4-36
185. Heavily laden Rhine ferry RHF-3 makes the final leg of the journey toward the invasion beaches, while a Coast Guard rescue boat is in the distance.

The name "Hell’s Angels" appears on the barge at right.

  • Page number: 81
  • Photo number: 4-37
186. Arkansas bombards the French coastline in support of the landings at Omaha Beach.

Note the immense cloud of black smoke from the battleship’s main battery of twelve 12-inch guns.

  • Page number: 82
  • Photo number: 5-1
187. Bombardment in the vicinity of Pointe du Hoc, as seen from the battleship Texas.

Note the church steeple and the buildings high atop the bluffs. This village is likely St. Pierre-du-Mont.

  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 5-2
188. Farther down the coast, an American destroyer passes between Texas and the coast line.
  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 5-3
189. Destroyer USS Harding (DD-625) stands guard over landing craft making their runs onto Omaha Beach.

Note the destroyer’s main battery turned to port and the explosion in the center if the picture. Smoke rising behind the coastline lends further evidence of the bombardment.

  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 5-4
190. Georges Leygues or Montcalm provides gunfire support for the invading troops.

A Gleaves-class destroyer in the background at left.

  • Page number: 83
  • Photo number: 5-5
191. The troops go in.

Landing aircraft lumber past Augusta, flagship of the Western Naval Task Force. That Augusta’s main battery is not turned shoreward was likely not a consolation to the men in the landing craft.

  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 5-6
192. With heavy smoke on shore drifting to the east, LCC-449 and LCg-424, British vessels under the U.S. flag, lend support to the landing operations on Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 84
  • Photo number: 5-7
193. Two landing aircraft, LCI-490 and LCI-496, prepare to make the last dash to the beach.

Note heavy smoke on shore.

  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 5-8
194. LCVPs crowded with infantry from Assault Force "O-1" press toward Beaches Fox Red and Easy Green.

The LCVP at far left is from the transport Samuel Chase (APA-26)/ Note the large waves the landing aircraft churned up and the ubiquitous smoke on the beach.

  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 5-9
195. An LCVP from Samuel Chase charges ahead despite the explosion of a hand grenade on board after a German machine-gun bullet finds its mark.
  • Page number: 85
  • Photo number: 5-10
196. The view from inside and LCVP heading toward Omaha Beach.

The men’s attention seems to be directed at something happening off the craft’s port side.

  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 5-11
197. American soldiers of the 1st Infantry Division reopen the Western Front against Hitler’s Wehrmacht.
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 5-12
198. Somewhat later in the morning, troops disembark fro LCI-553 onto Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 86
  • Photo number: 5-13
199. A portion of Assault Force "O-1" splashes ashore from landing craft onto Easy Red or Fox Green.

LCVP at left is from the Samuel Chase.

  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 5-14
200. Troops disembark from LCU-412 via ladders on either side of bow during the afternoon of 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 5-15
201. Soldiers wade ashore from another LCVP.
  • Page number: 87
  • Photo number: 5-16
202. LCI-538 unloads the Force "B" reinforcements, who started landing at about 1630 onto Omaha Beach.

Obstructions in the surf can be seen behind the troops.

  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 5-17
203. Force "B" troops in their wet uniforms plod ashore burdened with weapons and equipment.

One of the soldiers directly in front of LCI-538 carried an M1A1 rocket launcher with flash detector attached.

  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 5-18
204. The soldier carrying the rocket launcher has just passed to the left, as another man wearing an inflatable life belt trudges toward the camera.
  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 5-19
205. Another platoon splashes through the surf during late afternoon of D-Day.

The soldier at left has another M-1A1 rocket launcher.

  • Page number: 88
  • Photo number: 5-20
206. LST-21 unloads British trucks and tanks including a Sherman nicknamed "Virgin" at left.

Note that the Royal Navy sailor on the barge at left wears same type of horizontal band on his helmet as do U.S. navy personnel.

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 5-21
207. Part of Assault Group "O-3," 16th Infantry regiment, 3rd Battalion, assembles on a narrow strip on the gravelly beach at Fox Green, Omaha.

This photo was taken near Colleville-ser-Mer.

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 5-22
208. A 3rd Battalion man, cold, wet, and exhausted, huddles under a blanket on Fox Green.

(An Army photographer named Hall took this and the next four poignant photos.)

  • Page number: 89
  • Photo number: 5-23
209. Third Battalion casualties await evacuation to England.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 5-24
210. Five soldiers from the 1st Division, 16th Infantry Regiment, 3rd battalion.

Who would not go home.

  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 5-25
211. An American medical officer bandages the hand of a soldier near Colleville-sur-Mer, Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 90
  • Photo number: 5-26
212. An obergefreiter (corporal) from Gen. Kraiss’s 352nd Division has his hand bandaged by an American captain.

The white piping on the German’s shoulder straps denotes infantry.

  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 5-27
213. American equipment litters Omaha Beach on the afternoon of 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 5-28
214. American assault troops set up a command and information post beside a silent enemy pillbox.

Note the fragmentation damage next to the exterior of the pillbox.

  • Page number: 91
  • Photo number: 5-29
215. Just out of the surf, a wounded soldier from Force "B" receives a plasma transfusion.
  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 5-30
216. Crossed rifles lie beside an American who perished on Omaha Beach in the 6 June 1944 assault.

Note the obstruction on the beach and the life belt around the soldier, who had taken shrapnel in his right leg.

  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 5-31
217. The scene on either Fox Green or Easy Red, Omaha Beach, in the aftermath of the 6 June assault.

Bodies and a large pile of inflatable life belts are at upper right.

  • Page number: 92
  • Photo number: 5-32
218. A landing craft unloads supplies (possibly from the BB Texas) for the Ranger battalions on Point du Hoc.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 5-33
219. U.S. Army Rangers scale the rough terrain of Pointe du Hoc.

An extension ladder is visible on the face of the cliff.

  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 5-34
220. Rangers show off the line and ladders used to scale the heights on Pointe du Hoc.
  • Page number: 93
  • Photo number: 5-35
221. With his shoulder patch proudly proclaiming his status as a Ranger, the soldier at right reloads a clip for his M-1 carbine.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 5-36
222. Lt. Comdr. John Knapper of the battleship Texas and a companion examine a German pillbox on Point du Hoc on 6 June, possibly during efforts of that ship to resupply the Rangers.

Knapper had served aboard Texas since joining it as an ensign in 1939. Note the belted German ammunition at left and a dead Ranger covered up at right.

  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 5-37
223. Nevada (BB-36) bombards Utah Beach with its 14-inch guns in support of the 7th Corps landings.
  • Page number: 94
  • Photo number: 5-38
224. Nevada’s forward guns belch smoke and flame during the bombardment.

Note the camouflage paint on the gun barrels.

  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 5-39
225. During the morning of 6 June 1944, a shell from the German counter battery fire on Utah Beach explodes on St.-Marcouf Island.

This and the next view were photographed from the heavy cruiser Quincy (CA-71).

  • Page number: 95
  • Photo number: 5-40
226. Minesweepers working to clear shipping channels explode mines in the waters across Cardonnet Bank.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 5-41
227. Gleaves-class destroyer throws 5-inch shells into the beach fortifications at Normandy.
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 5-42
228. Expended 5-inch/.38 caliber cartridge cases litter the deck of USS Hobson (DD-464).
  • Page number: 96
  • Photo number: 5-43
229. Force "U" is under way.

Bayfield lowers its LCVPs into the water. Nevada just to the left of Bayfield.

  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 5-44
230. Lt. Abe Condiotti, U.S. Naval Reserve (USNR), credited with commanding the first boat to hit Utah Beach about 0630 on 6 June 1944.
  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 5-45
231. American soldiers with full equipment leap into the surf and wade toward Utah Beach near Les Dunes de Madeleine.

This particular load includes a number of medics. The horizontal lozenge on the back of the helmet denotes an NCO so that the men could recognize their leaders from the rear. Handles of a stretcher protrude into the photo at left.

  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 5-46
232. The camera looks up just as the NCOs in the previous picture exit the landing craft.

A number of vehicles have already landed.

  • Page number: 97
  • Photo number: 5-47
233. Viewed form a landing craft, a weapons carrier charges ashore at Utah Beach.

Note the machine gun on the weapons carrier and the other vehicles on the beach.

  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 5-48
234. Members of the American landing party assist survivors of a sunken landing craft.

One of the survivors at center with an inflatable life belt helps pull to shore a comrade, who looks somewhat the worse for the wear and may be wounded. An NCO and a beach landing-party member assist another survivor (left); one soldier (left center) refuses to put down his M-1 rife; and a third survivor (right) trudges ashore wearily on his own power.

  • Page number: 98
  • Photo number: 5-49
235. First aid being administered to soldiers on Utah Beach.

The survivors have collapsed on the beach and are covered with blankets. The soldier still clutching his M-1 now stands off at left. Note LCM-29 unloading in the background.

  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 5-50
236. Men of the 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Division, move out over the seawall at Utah Beach.

Men rest or take cover behind the wall, where most have stored their equipment.

  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 5-51
237. A German soldier with his hobnailed boots and a coverall over his uniform lies dead beside a pillbox near Les Dunes de Madeleine.
  • Page number: 99
  • Photo number: 5-52
238. Men of the 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Division, occupy a French village just off Utah Beach.

The lead man is still wearing his inflatable life belt.

  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 5-53
239. Other men of the 4th Division (probably 3rd Battalion, 22nd Infantry Regiment) occupy a farmyard near Les Dune de Varreville, two miles northwest of Utah Beach, after clearing German snipers from the buildings.
  • Page number: 100
  • Photo number: 5-54
240. The troopers shown above take a breather in the milk house of the same farm after clearing out snipers.
  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 5-55
241. A heavy weapons unit of the 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Division, pauses during its advance inland from Red Beach.

The 90th Division patch on the sergeant in the foreground has been censored out. Note the German minefield sign at right. A mortar man heads the column of the left-hand side of the road. The man standing in the road behind the sergeant is part of the beach landing party, as designated by the semicircle painted on his helmet. This is a rare photo of this division on 6 June 1944. This regiment and the 343rd Field Artillery battalion were the only contingents of the 90th Division to land on 6 June 1944. The rest followed on 7-8 June 1944.

  • Page number: 101
  • Photo number: 5-56
242. A Coast Guard rescue boat pulls alongside two sailors who have abandoned their sinking landing craft.

They are wearing full life vests, rather than the life belts used by Army personnel. A line goes to the sailor nearest the boat, and the second sailor waits with a rope in hand to throw out to the second sailor.

  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 5-57
243. The second of the two sailors comes aboard.

Note the belt securing the rescuer to the boat.

  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 5-58
244. An LCM littered with debris evacuates casualties to a larger vessel.

The seriously wounded are being loaded onto a platform that will be raised onto the deck of the transport.

  • Page number: 102
  • Photo number: 5-59
245. The crew hoists the platform with casualties from the LCM on board the transport.

They are among the first casualties to be evacuated on 6 June 1944. Empty Navy litters in the foreground await the wounded.

  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 5-60
246. LCI-85, struck by German shell fire, comes close aboard Samuel Chase to off-load casualties.
  • Page number: 103
  • Photo number: 5-61
247. Casualties from the invasion on board an LST hospital ship are transported back to England.

Stretcher-borne casualties await assignment to a bunk.

  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 5-62
248. A seriously wounded serviceman sleeps while a tube drains fluid from his nose into a basin on the deck.
  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 5-63
249. A buttock wound forces this glum serviceman to rest on his stomach.

Note the piping along the bulkhead of the LST.

  • Page number: 104
  • Photo number: 5-64
250. Four Americans of the 82nd Airborne Division enter St.-Mere-Eglise in the early morning shadows of 6 June 1944.

The sergeant at left is armed with a Thompson submachine gun, Model M-1 with a 30-round box magazine. These simplified weapons differed from the M1928 version in that they would not accept the large drum magazine so often associated with the gangster era of the 1920s and 1930s. Also the front handle was replaced by a simple wooden grip.

  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 5-65
251. A deserted street in St.-Mere-Eglise following the 82nd Airborne assault, 10 June 1944.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 5-66
252. Two mounted members of the 82nd Airborne Division patrol the streets of St.-Mere-Eglise on 7 June 1944.
  • Page number: 105
  • Photo number: 5-67
253. Two French refugees try to communicate with an American paratrooper.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 5-68
254. Clutching their belongings, the same two refugees at right center press on through the village.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 5-69
255. A member of the 82nd Airborne assists two refugees who return with their belongings to St.-Mere-Eglise on 8 June 1944.
  • Page number: 106
  • Photo number: 5-70
256. A captain of one of the 82nd Airborne’s medical detachments holds a cigarette for a comrade wounded during the fighting on 6-7 June 1944.

The man at left is probably taking down information regarding the wounded man.

  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 5-71
257. Dead German paratroopers from Oberst von der Heydte’s 6th Fallschirmjager Regiment are lined up and arranged for burial.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 5-72
258. C-47s of the 9th Transport Command tow in gliders past troops fighting on Utah Beach, near Les Dunes de Madeleine.
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 5-73
259. Brig. Gen. Gavin, the 82nd Airborne’s bridgehead commander and assistant commander of the division, studies a map of Normandy with his chief of staff, Maj. Wilherd Harrison (right).
  • Page number: 107
  • Photo number: 5-74
260. A 9th Air Force B-26 Marauder returning to England of 6 June 1944.

This photo was taken near Lion-sur-Mer, Sword Beach, in the British landing area. Note LCTs unloading below and the bewildering patchwork quilt of the bocage behind the beaches.

  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 5-75
261. Bomb group routing map form the 9th Air Force on 6 June 1944.

Note the path from the English airfields to Normandy and the "last resort" target identified.

  • Page number: 108
  • Photo number: 5-76
262. The 9th Fighter Command P-51C Mustangs of the 354th Fighter Group pull up and away from their airfields in England during 6 June 19044.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 5-77
263. Capt. Don Beerbower (second form the left) is awarded the Silver Star for action in the skies over Normandy.
  • Page number: 109
  • Photo number: 5-78
264. 9th Air Force fighter pilot 2nd Lt. Robert Kelso of Jackson, Michigan, mounts his P-47D Thunderbolt during the early days of the invasion.
  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 5-79
265. U.S. naval aviators of Cruiser Scouting Squadron 7 (VCS-7) are briefed before flying gun-spotting missions over the Normandy beachheads.

Reading (left to right): unidentified, Wing Comdr. Robert Hardiman, RAF, commanding Allied spotting pilots; Ens. Robert Adams, USNR; Maj. Noel East, British Army Intelligence; Lt. Harris Hammersmith Jr. USNR; Capt. John Ruscoe, Royal Artillery, gunnery liaison officer.

  • Page number: 110
  • Photo number: 5-80
266. Curtiss SOC Seagulls left behind in England by U.S. Navy observation pilots. Maintenance men service aircraft to keep the machines ready for action.

A lone Vought OS2U Kingfisher lies at far right in the distance.

  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 5-81
267. Lt. Robert Doyle shakes hands with his wingman, Ens. John Mudgem after their return from a gun-spotting and strafing mission.
  • Page number: 111
  • Photo number: 5-82
268. Two patrol craft maneuver off the starboard beam of Ancon while standing by off Omaha Beach during the landings of 7 June 1944.
  • Page number: 112
  • Photo number: 6-1
269. Joint Operations Room on board Ancon.

The message on the blackboard at right reads, "Again we have been asked to do the impossible. Let’s do it as usual."

  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 6-2
270. A pensive Gen. Eisenhower sips a cup of coffee somewhere in the English Channel off the coast of France, probably aboard the minelayer HMS Apollo.
  • Page number: 113
  • Photo number: 6-3
271. "You name is, boss, we’ll hit it."

Crews on the battleship Arkansas deliver a message to their skipper, Capt. Frederick Richards. Note details of range finder at right. At left on the forecastle, crewmen limber up with a medicine ball.

  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 6-4
272. One of the invasion beaches photographed from a 9th Air Force reconnaissance aircraft.
  • Page number: 114
  • Photo number: 6-5
273. Another reconnaissance aircraft photograph s a German motorized column struggling to move up to the Normandy front.
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 6-6
274. AN aerial shot of the vehicles (tanks or DUKWs) coming ashore, the men clustered on the beach, and the landing craft at center.
  • Page number: 115
  • Photo number: 6-7
275. An improvised wire-mesh road provides a thoroughfare fro supplies moving up.

Note the rocky, gravelly nature of the ground and the markers for the beach.

  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 6-8
276. A French peasant gives information to a corporal of the 29th Division during the push inland on 7 June 1944 near Vierville-sur-Mer.

The two soldiers at left are armed with an M-1 carbine and Thompson submachine gun.

  • Page number: 116
  • Photo number: 6-9
277. Minesweeper USS Tide (AM-125) burns after striking a mine near the invasion beaches.

PT-509 (at left) and Pheasant (AM-61) at right stand by Tide which lies at center.

  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 6-10
278. Members of the 101st Airborne Division charm the locals in Ste.-Marie-du-Mont.

All the young girls are at the center of attention.

  • Page number: 117
  • Photo number: 6-11
279. C-47s and the 9th Transport Command fly low over Utah Beach during the effort to resupply troops of the 82nd and 101st Airborne divisions.

Another group of C-47s is at the lower left.C-47s of the Troop Carrier Command, 9th Air Force, tow gliders over the bomb-packed shores.

  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 6-12
280. C-47s of the Troop Carrier Command, 9th Air Force, tow gliders over the bomb-packed shores.
  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 6-13
281. 9th Air Force gliders clutter fields during Airborne landings in support of the Normandy invasion.

Sherman tanks are on the road in the middle distance, and C-47s circle overhead.

  • Page number: 118
  • Photo number: 6-14
282. Swooping down low, a C-47 prepares to drop out supplies to the Americans waiting below.

Parachutes from the previous drop appear at top.

  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 6-15
283. A C-47 dropping supplies and equipment.
  • Page number: 119
  • Photo number: 6-16
284. Parachutes blossom, no doubt to the great relief of those on the ground.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 6-17
285. Airborne personnel below scurry to retrieve supplies left behind in the parachute drop.
  • Page number: 120
  • Photo number: 6-18
286. Roaring past the cameraman at low altitude, a C-47 picks up a Waco glider in Normandy.
  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 6-19
287. Troops of the 101st Airborne receive directions from Military Police (MPs) stationed at a crossroads.

The gliders in the background are of the British Airspeed "Horse" type.

  • Page number: 121
  • Photo number: 6-20
288. A wrecked American glider that crashed in an orchard near Ste.-Marie-du-Mont on 7 June 1944.

Note the invasion stripes on the wings and serial number visible on the tail.

  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 6-21
289. Dead American soldiers lie near their glider.

A gas can and rations ("Field Ration K – Breakfast Unit") are also strewn about.

  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 6-22
290. Crash-landed Allied glider near Hiesville, about four miles southeast of Ste.-Mere-Eglise, on 7 June 1944.
  • Page number: 122
  • Photo number: 6-23
291. Elements of the 101st Airborne press toward the village of St.-Marcouf during 8 June 1944.
  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 6-24
292. With the rest of his squad pressing forward, a technician 5th grade looks to the rear, past the cameraman.

The soldiers carry a mix of M-1 carbines and rifles. The soldier at far right advances with a fixed bayonet.

  • Page number: 123
  • Photo number: 6-25
293. Paratroopers mingle with French civilians at St.-Marcouf.
  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 6-26
294. Soldiers stay near trees and edge of the road, ready to take advantage of cover if necessary.

The village sign has been censored.

  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 6-27
295. Portions of a machine gun detachment advance into town.

The man at left carries a machine gun, while the man behind him carries a supply of ammunition. The soldier in the background makes ready to come onto the road, perhaps after exploring the rear to the right of the road.

  • Page number: 124
  • Photo number: 6-28
296. A detachment form the 101st Airborne Division with a tracked vehicle occupies the first of many French villages and towns to come.

Note the soldiers’ 101st patches, which the omnipresent censor missed.

  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 6-29
297. Some 101st Airborne members proudly display their newly won war trophies – a small German national flag and German helmet.

Note the hand Grenades and all of the equipment the paratroopers carry.

  • Page number: 125
  • Photo number: 6-30
298. Troops pouring into the beaches included this detachment f the 5th Engineer Special Brigade, seen here splashing through the surf at Fox Green, Omaha Beach, on 8 June 1944.
  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 6-31
299. "Yanks everywhere."

Seen at Red Uncle, Utah Beach, on 8 June 1944. Note the beach identification sign and landing craft in the distance. The truck at left prepares to move up the road cut through the dunes. A wire-mesh road has been laid to facilitate traffic moving up and down the beach.

  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 6-32
300. The destroyer escort USS Rich (DE-695) detonates a second mine amidships after losing 50 feet of its stern three minutes before.

The ship’s 1.1-inch quadruple AA mount aft, just before where the first mine sheared off the stern, is still visible.

  • Page number: 126
  • Photo number: 6-33
301. A black medic administers first aid on Omaha Beach on 8 June 1944.

Apparently he is removing bits of Shrapnel from the patient’s face and neck.

  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 6-34
302. A casualty being helped aboard an LCVP for evacuation to England clutches a carton of Chesterfield cigarettes.

The broad band around the helmets of those assisting designate Navy personnel. A man in the background wades back toward the beach.

  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 6-35
303. His Chesterfields tucked safely away, the wounded man in the pervious photo rests in the landing craft while being transported away from France.

Note the Navy men wearing life vests. The wounded soldier immediately in front of the loading ramp has a German helmet as a souvenir, and the man at lower left shields his eyes form the sun.

  • Page number: 127
  • Photo number: 6-36
304. Senior U.S. officers watch landing operations from Augusta, flagship of the Western Naval Task Force, in the morning shadows of 8 June 1944.

Left to right: Rear Adm. Kirk, commander of Western Naval Task Force; Lt. Gen. Bradley, commander of American Ground Forces; unidentified; Capt. Arthur Struble, Kirk’s chief of staff; and Maj. Gen. Hugh Keen.

  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 6-37
305. Bradley clambers up a "Jacob’s ladder" while coming on board a warship, 8 June 1944, to confer with Gen. Montgomery and Adm. Ramsay, overall commanders of the land and sea operations in Normandy.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 6-38
306. Montgomery climbs on board for the Bradley-Ramsay conference.
  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 6-39
307. U.S. invasion force commanders inspect Omaha Beach on 8 June 1944.

Kirk is at left. Hall, wearing a helmet, is under the beach marker. Bradley stands at right.

  • Page number: 128
  • Photo number: 6-40
308. USAAF officers of a bulldozer battalion from the 9th Aviation Engineer Command confer during the construction of the 9th Air Force’s emergency landing field near the invasion beaches.

Left to right: Capt. Raymond Carlen and Lt. Col. John Livingston talk with Maj. Gen. Ralph Boyce, deputy commander of the 9th Air Force, and Col. Philip Cole.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 6-41
309. Construction crews lay out Hessian mat material on an emergency landing trip just a few miles behind the front lines.
  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 6-42
310. Crew of a 9th Troop Carrier Command C-47 – the first such aircraft to land on the beachhead in France during 8 June 1944.

Note the crudely painted invasion stripes.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 6-43
311. "Rick O’Shay II," the first P-47 to land on the first runway in Normandy, is armed with a bomb.

All 9th Air Force fighter groups were officially referred to as fighter-bomber groups, reflecting the more diverse mission that would be required in the coming months.

  • Page number: 129
  • Photo number: 6-44
312. A DUWK traverses an entry through the dunes at Red Uncle, Utah Beach, on 9 June 1944.

Note the beach marker at left.

  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 6-45
313. Army surgeons work on casualties at a medical clearing station near the beaches during 9 June 1944.
  • Page number: 130
  • Photo number: 6-46
314. Distinguished Service Crosses were awarded to leaders of the 101st Airborne on 9 June 1944.

Left to right: Maj. Gen. Taylor, division commander; Lt. Col. Patrick Cassidy, commanding 1st Battalion, 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment; Capt. Frank Lilyman, commander of 101st Airborne Pathfinders; and Chaplain john Maloney.

  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 6-47
315. Armed with an M-1 Thompson submachine gun, a paratrooper of the 101st Airborne stands guard on 9 June 1944, over a German burial detail digging graves for their own dead.

Taken during the 101st Airborne drive on Varentan, 9 June 1944. The prisoners likely come from the 1058th Grenadier Regiment, 91st Division, taken during the fighting at St. Come-du-Mont.

  • Page number: 131
  • Photo number: 6-48
316. Liberty ships Charles Morgan down by the stern off Utah Beach on 10 June 1944.

LST-474 is alongside rendering assistance.

  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 6-49
317. An ACS (landing craft, support) modified for hydrographic duties, serves as a survey boat on 10 June 1944.

Note the survey flag, the stripes on the helmets of the sailors, and a transport lying in the distance.

  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 6-50
318. A platoon of black troops, armed with rifles and carbines, surround a farmhouse in an effort to clear snipers from the area near Vierville-sur-Mer on 10 June 1944.

They are led by Capt. Samuel Broussard of Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, shown at the corner of the building. The vertical stripe identifies him as an officer.

  • Page number: 132
  • Photo number: 6-51
319. Capt. Broussard climbs down from the ladder after searching the farmhouse.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 6-52
320. The dead German sniper has been picked off by an advancing black assault unit.
  • Page number: 133
  • Photo number: 6-53
321. NavNavy beach battalion members dive fro cover during a German strafing attack on 11 June 1944.y beach battalion members dive fro cover during a German strafing attack on 11 June 1944.

The horizontal helmet band identifies these men as Navy Personnel.

  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 6-54
322. The same strafers attack a Rhino ferry.

The man lying on his side at left appears to have been hit.

  • Page number: 134
  • Photo number: 6-55
323. U.S. Navy command post on one of the invasion beaches.

Note the helmet bands, signal lamp, a bull horn, and the heavily sandbagged structure.

  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 6-56
324. A Navy hospital corpsman takes time to send a letter home, using a V-Mail form.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 6-57
325. V-Mail form provided to Navy servicemen so that they might notify home newspapers or radio stations of their role in the invasion.
  • Page number: 135
  • Photo number: 6-58
326. Prime Minister Churchill journeys to the invasion beaches.

He chats with Gen. Brooke on the deck of the destroyer HMS Kelvin. Note Churchill’s ever-present cigar and the machine gun at center behind the two men.

  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 6-59
327. Gen. Smuts gazes toward the coast of France during the voyage to Montgomery’s headquarters.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 6-60
328. Gen. Montgomery steps off the launch bringing Churchill, Smuts, and Brooke to Montgomery’s headquarters.
  • Page number: 136
  • Photo number: 6-61
329. American Army and Navy Chiefs pay their first visit to the beachheads of France on 12 June 1944.

Rear Adm. Kirk disembarks (at left) from the DUKW, followed by Generals Marshall, Arnold, and Eisenhower.

  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 6-62
330. The "Big Brass" in Normandy (left to right): General Arnold, Admiral King, General Eisenhower, and General Marshall.

One wonders what has their attention at right.

  • Page number: 137
  • Photo number: 6-63
331. M-4 Sherman tank "Cannon Ball" lies mired on Omaha Beach, 12 June 1944.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 6-64
332. An Army Dodge 4X4, 3/4-ton truck, nicknamed "Sadie," comes ashore on Utah Beach during the 12 June 1944 landings.

The stenciling on the front bumper has been censored, but the truck likely carries troops of the 90th Infantry Division.

  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 6-65
333. Low tide leaves a pontoon causeway high and dry on 12 June 1944. Note the breakwater of sunken vessels on the horizon.
  • Page number: 138
  • Photo number: 6-66
334. With LST-325 stranded at low tide, workmen construct a sand ramp at left to permit unloading.
  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 6-67
335. Troops of the 101st Airborne push forward on 12 June 1944, through Carentan, the first French town taken by the Allied armies in Normandy.

Note the highway signs on the restaurant on the corner. The jeep at left tows an antitank gun.

  • Page number: 139
  • Photo number: 6-68
336. Destroyer USS Nelson (DD-623) in dry dock at Portsmouth, England, showing torpedo damage sustained on 13 June 1944.
  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 6-69
337. Nelson proceeds toward Boston under heavy tow on 26 August 1944 following temporary repairs at Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

Towline extends from the bow.

  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 6-70
338. 1st lt. Merle Kirstein from Des Moines, Iowa, uses a metal detector to ferret out any antipersonnel mines that may still lie buried in a minefield.

Note the German Minen sign and the mines awaiting disposal.

  • Page number: 140
  • Photo number: 6-71
339. Seen from an American LST, evacuations – American wounded and POWs – are under way.
  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 6-72
340. Stretchers bearers take the first of two wounded servicemen onto a waiting LST. This photo was apparently taken at low tide.

Note the dozer behind the jeep.

  • Page number: 141
  • Photo number: 6-73
341. Destroyer HMS Scorpion, which bore visiting Adm. Stark, commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Europe, across the English Channel on his inspection tour of the invasion beaches on 14 June 1944.

This picture was taken just before Stark boarded.

  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 6-74
342. Adm. Stark and Rear Adm. Kirk on board Scorpion en route to Normandy.

Kirk’s short sip-up makes him easy to identify in a large number of photos.

  • Page number: 142
  • Photo number: 6-75
343. Rear Adm. Kirk boards Augusta (CA-31) during Stark’s visit to Normandy.

Note the heavy cruiser’s graded camouflage, rivet heads on the side of the ship, and the boarding ladder.

  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 6-76
344. PT-199 chops its way through the waters off Normandy, speeding Adm. Stark and his party toward their destination.

Note British hospital ship at left.

  • Page number: 143
  • Photo number: 6-77
345. Adm. Stark on his inspection tour of the beaches; Rear Adm. Kirk sits in the back seat.

The two other officers are unidentified.

  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 6-78
346. Scene at Omaha Beach on 14 June 1944, at a newly constructed airfield overlooking the beach near St. Laurent.

A P-38J or L with invasion stripes, likely being employed in convoy cover, lies parked on the very end of the runway.

  • Page number: 144
  • Photo number: 6-79
347. On 14 June 1944, a forlorn P-47D rests on an invasion beach where it crash-landed during the early phases of the landings.

The site is probably Utah Beach, as there are no high bluffs or cliffs behind the beach in the background.

  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 6-80
348. A flood of men and vehicles continues to pour into Omaha Beach.

Note the DUKW at right, the jeep and trailer at center, and the grading equipment at left, and a barrage balloon still floating above the beach.

  • Page number: 145
  • Photo number: 6-81
349. Another 50 yards down the road lies a clearing station and information station.

The influx was presumably the 2nd Division, whose lead elements disembarked on 12 June 1944.

  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 6-82
350. Transports and landing craft off Omaha Beach, 14 June 1944.

A nest of LCMs lies moored to the transport at right. Note the LCVP at left and its smaller comparative size to the LCMs, which were designed to land vehicles.

  • Page number: 146
  • Photo number: 6-83
351. LST-133 Down by the stern and beached off Normandy on 15 June 1944, after striking a German mine.
  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 6-84
352. PFC Rocco Festa, of the 2nd Division’s Headquarters and Military Police Company, tries his hand at French as he awaits transfer to a landing craft on 15 June 1944.

This was no idle diversion, for an MP’s contact with the civilian population would be considerable.

  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 6-85
353. Chaplain John Donovan, attached to the 1st Army’s 51st Field Hospital, chats with 2nd Lt. Paula Krull on Omaha Beach, 15 June 1944.

She was one of the first frontline nurses to arrive in Normandy.

  • Page number: 147
  • Photo number: 6-86
354. Panorama of a Navy beach master unit during the post invasion buildup, 15 June 1944.
  • Page number: 148-149
  • Photo number: 6-87
355. U.S. small craft recovery and repair unit on 15 June 1944.
  • Page number: 149
  • Photo number: 6-88
356. Panoramic view of Omaha Beach around mid-June 1944.
  • Page number: 148-149
  • Photo number: 6-89
357. A jeep rolls out of LST-282 onto an LCT during its transfer to the invasion beaches 15 June 1944.
  • Page number: 150
  • Photo number: 6-90
358. Army truck lumbers off an LCM onto a Rhino causeway.

Note the man at left perched on a bollard.

  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 6-91
359. Vehicles proceed down the Rhino causeway toward Omaha Beach
  • Page number: 151
  • Photo number: 6-92
360. Black Seabees labor to secure wire-mesh roadway material on to the sands of Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 6-93
361. An American M-3 half-track leads a column of vehicles about to exit the causeway onto Omaha Beach, completing its transfer from England to France.
  • Page number: 152
  • Photo number: 6-94
362. After its construction in Portsmouth, England, a Phoenix caisson with an AA mount is towed into position across from one of the British invasion beaches.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 6-95
363. U.S. Army tugs coax a Phoenix caisson across the English Channel for placement in one the artificial harbors off Normandy.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 6-96
364. Caissons placed in position and sunk as part of the breakwater for the Mulberry artificial harbors.
  • Page number: 153
  • Photo number: 6-97
365. An American Liberty ship stands ready to be scuttled and become a portion of an artificial Gooseberry breakwater off one of the invasion beaches.
  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 6-98
366. Line of ships in the distance form Gooseberry breakwater.

German obstructions are piled up on Omaha Beach following their removal.

  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 6-99
367. Aerial photo of Mulberry under construction at one of the American beaches.

The Gooseberry breakwater does not show in the photo.

  • Page number: 154
  • Photo number: 6-100
368. Waves batter a Mulberry harbor during the Great Storm.

The ship at right is the old British battleship Centurion, sunk to serve as a breakwater and as an AA emplacement.

  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 6-101
369. Landing vessels, battered by the storm, crash into the piers.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 6-102
370. Twisted remains of the beachhead bridge at Omaha Beach following the storm.
  • Page number: 155
  • Photo number: 6-103
371. An aerial view of Cherbourg, taken 21 June 1944, approximately a week before its capture by the Americans.

The breakwaters, projected harbor, and the bocage beyond the city’s outskirts are all visible.

  • Page number: 156
  • Photo number: 7-1
372. Center of the town of Valognes on 24 June 1944, in the wake of the 313th Infantry Regiment, 79th Division.

Note the jeep nicknamed "Always Ruth" and the trucks and power equipment already at work clearing the rubble.

  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 7-2
373. USS Quincy (CA-71) lobs a salvo from number III turret past the cruiser HMS Glasgow (right).
  • Page number: 157
  • Photo number: 7-3
374. Nevada, of Force Group 1, shells German shore batteries near Cherbourg.
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 7-4
375. Guns of Nevada’s number IV turret belch flame and smoke during the bombardment of targets west of Cherbourg.
  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 7-5
376. Seen from the cruiser’s bridge, German shells splash off Quincy’s bow during the bombardment.

Note 20mm AA mounts on the bow.

  • Page number: 158
  • Photo number: 7-6
377. The duel with "Battery Hamburg."

Enemy fire falls far short during the Texas’s battle with the four German 288mm guns located near Fermanville, six miles east of Cherbourg.

  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 7-7
378. A German 240mm dud that struck Texas at 1234.

Rear Adm. Bryant and Capt. Charles Baker stand guard over the trophy.

  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 7-8
379. Germen shells fall within 200 yards of Texas, now joined by Arkansas, the ship from which this photograph was taken.
  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 7-9
380. Cherbourg during 26 June 1944, seen from one of the concrete pillboxes overlooking the city.

An Army major is in the foreground, and the harbor facilities are off in the distance.

  • Page number: 159
  • Photo number: 7-10
381. Generalleutnant von Schlieben steps ashore in England as a POW subsequent to his surrender on 26 June 1944.
  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 7-11
382. American blow up a pillbox during the final assaults on Cherbourg during 28 June 1944.

Note the concertina wire in the foreground.

  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 7-12
383. Near one of the city’s fortifications, German POWs from Cherbourg await transfer to POW camps on 28 June 1944.

The American guards at left appear curiously nonchalant.

  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 7-13
384. German troops march through the streets of Cherbourg and into captivity for the duration of the war.

Note the carbine carried by the American captain at the head of the column and the man armed wit a pistol on the right.

  • Page number: 160
  • Photo number: 7-14
385. A French civilian stands at attention alongside the American battalion commander during the playing of "The Star Spangled Banner" in Cherbourg on 28 June 1944.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 7-15
386. 7th Corps commander, Maj. Gen. Collins, describes to Lt. Gen. Bradley how the corps took Cherbourg.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 7-16
387. Maj. Gen. Barton, commander of the 4th Infantry Division during the Cherbourg campaign, receives a kiss from a young French woman.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 7-17
388. View of Gare Maritime, the railway ferry terminal in Cherbourg harbor, showing the work of German demolition teams.
  • Page number: 161
  • Photo number: 7-18
389. Cherbourg Railway Station, where a collapsed section of roof pins a freight car to the track.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 7-19
390. A damaged German gun emplacement in the fortifications near Cherbourg harbor.

Camouflage netting hangs in ruins.

  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 7-20
391. View of Slipway Number 1 on 4 July 1944, looking toward basin napoleon III. The old cannons are used as bollards.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 7-21
392. Incomplete German V-1 launching site near Cherbourg on 12 July 1944, with a view of the rear of the launch ramp.
  • Page number: 162
  • Photo number: 7-22
393. Front view of the V-1 launch ramp; note staff car at right.

Camouflage netting at left appears to be hiding some additional construction materials.

  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 7-23
394. Two British minesweepers detonate German mines in the waters off Cherbourg just before a convoy of supply ships enters during 2 July 1944.

Fort L’Ouest is in the background.

  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 7-24
395. American Army engineers work to disable a live mine found underneath the docks at Cherbourg.
  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 7-25
396. An American 2-8-0 "Consolidation" locomotive swings out from the SS Seatrain Texas and is placed upon rails on 13 July 1944.

This was part of the effort to replace French rolling stock destroyed during the fighting and by German demolition teams, whose work Hitler later commended as "exemplary."

  • Page number: 163
  • Photo number: 7-26
397. A U.S. medical corpsman gives candy to a French girl injured in the invasion.
  • Page number: 164
  • Photo number: 8-1
398. A German 88mm gun protrudes from a battered pillbox on Omaha Beach. This photo was taken on 4 August 1944.
  • Page number: 164
  • Photo number: 8-2
399. Damage to the muzzle break of the gun in photo 8-2.
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 8-3
400. A soldier holds up his Strateline ruler to document damage to this German turret in the Utah Beach fortifications.
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 8-4
401. Children playing with debris left behind by the retreating German Army.
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 8-5
402. A dead American soldier rests in a temporary grave, awaiting disinterment and reburial in the large cemetery.
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 8-6
403. French peasants pay their respects to an American who met with his death far from home.
  • Page number: 165
  • Photo number: 8-7
404. Army officers examine papers left behind in a pillbox along the Normandy coast.
  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 8-8
405. PFC Michael Rolish takes a rare moment to relax and take off his shoes.
  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 8-9
406. A German NCO is brought in at the point of a bayonet.
  • Page number: 166
  • Photo number: 8-10
407. German POWs bear a stricken comrade to a landing craft waiting on the beach at Normandy.
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 8-11
408. German soldiers being searched and questioned in an encampment on the Normandy beachhead.
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 8-12
409. Resting in an enclosure on Utah Beach, German prisoners await transport to camps in England.

This photo was taken on 6 June 1944.

  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 8-13
410. Captured Germans "feast" on K rations on Omaha Beach during 9 June 1944.
  • Page number: 167
  • Photo number: 8-14
411. A forlorn group of German POWs trudges to the transports that will carry them to England.
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 8-15
412. Italian and German prisoners on board Texas being taken to camps in England during June 1944.
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 8-16
413. German POWs disembark from an LCT at a port somewhere in England.
  • Page number: 168
  • Photo number: 8-17
414. Montgomery’s personal C-47 rests on the hardstand at a fighter base in Normandy on 19 July 1944.

As the sign indicates, this was a special parking place for aircraft belonging to four-star generals.

  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 8-18
415. Montgomery meets with Eisenhower following the initial campaign.
  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 8-19
416. During this meeting Eisenhower chats with one of the RAF pilots of his fighter escort for the flight to France.
  • Page number: 169
  • Photo number: 8-20
417. A sergeant and a technician 5th grade study French with two members of the Women’s Army Corps (WACs) while crossing the English Channel during 15 July 1944.
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 8-21
418. The first WACs to arrive in France disembark from a transport and pile into an LCM on 15 July 1944.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 8-22
419. Field nurses of the 13th Field Hospital, the first to arrive in Normandy, enjoy one of many meals in the field.
  • Page number: 170
  • Photo number: 8-23
420. Military life begins to return to normal, 17 July 1944.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 8-24
421. Soldiers eat and listen to the latest news on their Philco radio outside their pup tents on the Normandy beachhead, 12 June 1944.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 8-25
422. Cpl. Charles Vaughn a barber from Lush, Wyoming, opens up shop in Normandy.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 8-26
423. Two USO performers, Stephanie Dale and Josephine Del Mar, step out of the "ladies only" facilities at the show on 25 July 1944.
  • Page number: 171
  • Photo number: 8-27
424. American soldiers crowd around an improvised stage at the first USO camp show in France on 26 July 1944.
  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 8-28
425. Army nurses and servicemen line up on 8 August 1944 for an almost first-run movie, Casanova Brown, starring Gary Cooper and Teresa Wright.
  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 8-29
426. Navy Seabees take a break in their routine for some refreshments.

Note the fresh flowers on the vehicle’s counter at right.

  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 8-30
427. Jewish services proceed in Normandy quite unhindered on the shores of Hitler’s "Fortress Europe."
  • Page number: 172
  • Photo number: 8-31
428. American troops present arms in tribute to their fallen comrades who lie buried in a temporary cemetery on the beachhead at Omaha Beach, 12 June 1944.
  • Page number: 173
  • Photo number: 9-1
429. On 25 June 1944, Chaplain Paul McGovern leads a group of combat engineers in prayer during a memorial service at the temporary cemetery on Omaha Beach.
  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 9-2
430. French civilian sand some German POWs work on construction of the permanent cemetery on Omaha Beach, 4 August 1944.
  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 9-3
431. In the background of the previous photo, French workers set crosses upon the graves of the slain American soldiers.
  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 9-4
432. Ste.-Mere-Eglise Cemetery, 1 June 1945.
  • Page number: 174
  • Photo number: 9-5
433. Aerial view of the Normandy Cemetery, 28 May 1957.
  • Page number: 175
  • Photo number: 9-6
434. Two men pay tribute to the fallen.
  • Page number: 175
  • Photo number: 9-7
Folder 20-25 Extras, 1942 - 1964
Folder 13-19 D-Day Documentary, 1942 - 1964

Box Photo 8
Folder 1-4 D-Day Documentary, 1940s

Section: Fading Victory: The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, 1941-1945

Folder 5-6 Published Images, 1936 - 1945
1. The Pacific Theater; Credit: Hydrographic Office, U.S. Navy
  • Page number: P1
  • Photo number: 1
2. His Imperial Majesty Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (UPI Photo)
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 2
3. Ugaki’s family in 1936, when he was a captain.

To his left is his wife Tomoko. Hiromitsu, his son, stands behind Ugaki. The seated young man is unidentified. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)

  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 3
4. Portion of Ugaki’s preface to his diary. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 4
5. Ugaki’s entry for 7 December 1941. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 5
6. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Commander in Chief, Combined Fleet. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 6
7. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Commander in Chief, Combined Fleet; inset. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 7
8. Admiral Yamamoto with members of the Combined Fleet staff and the subordinate fleet commanders.

First row, sitting: VADM Mitsumi Shimizu, VADM Hosokaya, VADM Nobutake Kondo, Adm. Yamamoto, VADM Shira Takasu, VADM Chuichi Nagumo, VADM Nishizo Tsukahara, VADM Shigeyoshi Inouye. (Gordon W. Prange collection)

  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 8
9. Rear Admiral Takijiro Onishi, founder of the kamikaze special attack force. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 9
10. Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, commander in chief of Pearl Harbor Task Force. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 10
11. Capt. Shiegnori Kami, staff officer, Naval General Staff. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 11
12. Rear Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 12
13. Admiral Yamamoto (seated fifth from the right) and staff of Combined Fleet.

Ugaki is seated to Yamamoto’s right. (Gordon W. Prange collection)

  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 13
14. Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa, commander, Southern Expeditionary Fleet; later commander in chief, Third Fleet (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 14
15. Admiral Osami Nagano, chief, Naval General Staff. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 15
16. Rear Admiral Takeo Kurita (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 16
17. Vice Admiral Mitsumi Shimizu. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 17
18. Rear Admiral Tamon Yamaguchi, commander in chief, Second Carrier Division. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 18
19. Captain Yasuji Watanabe, plans officer, Combined Fleet. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 19
20. Admiral Teijiro Toyoda, foreign minister, Third Konoye Cabinet. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 20
21. Admiral Soemu Toyoda, commander in chief, Combined Fleet, in the later years of the war. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 21
22. Captain (Baron) Sadatoshi Tomioka, chief, First Section, Naval General Staff. (Gordon W. Prange collection)
  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 22
23. Type 97 attack plane of the second wave pulls up and away from Shokaku’s flight deck in the early morning light of 7 December 1941. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 23
24. Admiral C.W. Nimitz assumes command of commander in chief, Pacific Fleet, 31 December 1941. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 24
25. Operations Section, Naval General Staff, 11 December 1941.

Front row: Capt. Sadatoshi Tomioka, Cmdr. HIH Prince Nobuhito Takamatsu, RADM Shigeru Fukudome, Capt. Shigenori Kami. Back row: Cmdr. Nasatomo Nakano, Cmdr. Shigeshi Uchida, Cmdr. Sadamu Sanagi, Lt. Cmdr. Marquis Hironobu Katcho, Cmdr. Yuji Yamamoto, Cmdr. Tatsukichi Miyo. (Gordon W. Prange collection)

  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 25
26. Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, Commander, U.S. Task Force 17. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 26
27. Rear Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Commander, U.S. Task Force 16. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 27
28. Torpedo hit on Yorktown. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 28
29. Yorktown sinking, January 1942. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 29
30. Burning oil tanks on Midway Island after they were hit by Japanese bombs, 4-6 June 1942. (Defense Dept. Photo, Marine Corps)
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 30
31. USS Enterprise. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 31
32. Japanese heavy cruiser knocked out by carrier planes in the battle of Midway, June 1942. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 32
33. Japanese fleet under attack by carrier-based aircraft west of the Marianas, 19 June 1944. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 33
34. Japanese carrier bombed and torpedoed by U.S. Navy planes, 24 October 1944. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P17
  • Photo number: 34
35. Japanese submarine I-55. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P18
  • Photo number: 35
36. Zuikaku claimed more battle honors than any other Japanese carrier.

With the exception of the battle of Midway, she participated in nearly every major carrier action of the war. She was sunk on 25 October 1944 at the battle of Cape Engaeo. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P18
  • Photo number: 36
37. Close-up of Japanese kamikaze just before crashing on USS Essex, 25 November 1944. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P19
  • Photo number: 37
38. Shokaku, Japanese aircraft carrier. (Naval History Photo)
  • Page number: P19
  • Photo number: 38
39. The battleship Yamato sunk by U.S. Navy planes in the East China Sea, 17 April 1945. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P20
  • Photo number: 40
40. The USS Bunker Hill takes two kamikazes in thirty seconds, 11 May 1945. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P21
  • Photo number: 41
41. Ugaki addressing kamikaze pilots at Oita, 15 August 1945. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P22
  • Photo number: 42
42. Ugaki stripping his rank from his uniform before his last flight. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P22
  • Photo number: 43
43. Ugaki says good-bye to his staff at Oita before his final flight.

Note sword in his left hand, given to him by Admiral Yamamoto. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)

  • Page number: P22
  • Photo number: 44
44. Ugaki standing before his plane prior to his final flight. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P23
  • Photo number: 45
45. Last known photo of Ugaki as his plane leaves from Oita. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P23
  • Photo number: 46
46. Ugaki’s writing on the eve of leaving for Rabaul on 2 April 1943.

"Life exists in death / Life doesn’t exis in life. April of 1943, on the eve of going to the front line. Written Matome." (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)

  • Page number: P24
  • Photo number: 47
47. Rare photograph of Ugaki relaxing before his final flight. (Courtesy of Masataka Chihaya)
  • Page number: P24
  • Photo number: 48
Folder 7 Extras, undated

Section: God's Samurai: Lead Pilot at Pearl Harbor

Folder 8 Published Images, 1910 - 1964
1. Fuchida's mother, Shika, and father, Yazo.

Nagao, Nara Prefecture, ca. 1910.

  • Page number: P1
  • Photo number: 1
2. Fuchida (second from left) in February 1919 as a 17-year-old student at the Unebi Middle School.

Although uniforms were mandatory, it was not a military school.

  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 2
3. Flight school at Kasumigaura, which Fuchida attended for a year from December 1927.

He is the serious one on the right.

  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 3
4. Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, commander of the First Air Fleet.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 4
5. Commander Minoru Genda, air staff officer of the First Air Fleet, and chief planner of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 5
6. Commander Fuchida leading the training for the Pearl Harbor attack.

October 1941, Kagoshima Air Base.

  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 6
7. The farewell meeting in the wardroom of the carrier Agaki just before setting off for Hawaii, November 25, 1941.

Fuchida is fourth from the left, in the rear. The ship's skipper, Captain Kiichi Hasegawa, is second.

  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 7
8. no caption
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 8
9. December 1941.

On the flight deck of the carrier Agaki en route to Hawaii.

  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 9
10. Fuchida, in center wearing white cap, chats with his fellow pilots the day before the attack.
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 10
11. A Zero of the second wave raced down Shokaku's flight deck.
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 11
12. Under the watchful eyes of an officer, the aircrews are stirred by an exhortation written on a chalkboard above the flight deck: "Japanese Imperial Fleet! You have to obey and die for your country, Japan! Win or lose, you will fight and die for your country!"
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 12
13. no caption
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 13
14. Pearl Harbor as it appeared to Fuchida on the morning of December 7, 1941.

Captured Japanese photographs. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 14
15. Pearl Harbor as it appeared to Fuchida on the morning of December 7, 1941.

Captured Japanese photographs. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 15
16. Pearl Harbor as it appeared to Fuchida on the morning of December 7, 1941.

Captured Japanese photographs. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 16
17. Battleship row under attack.

Left to right: Nevada, Vestal alongside Arizona, West Virginia alongside Tennessee, Oklahoma alongside Maryland, Neosho, California. Note the West Virginia listing to port immediately after a torpedo hit. Torpedo tracks and shock waves are visible. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 17
18. Planes and hangers burn at Wheeler Army Air Field just after being attacked, as seen from a Japanese plane. (U.S. Navy)
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 18
19. The forward magazine of the Shaw explodes.

At the right is the Nevada. Photographed from Ford Island. (U.S. Navy)

  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 19
20. Sailors of the submarines Dolphin (left) and Narwhal battle back against the second attack wave. (National Archives)
  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 20
21. The parade ground of the marine Barracks between 9:00 and 10:00 A.M.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 21
22. One of approximately 29 Japanese aircraft downed during the battle.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 22
23. June 1943, at Kanoya.

Fuchida, now a commander and the senior operations officer on the staff of the First Air Force, is seated at the right.

  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 23
24. Fuchida had risen to captain by war's end.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 24
25. After the surrender, a dejected Fuchida returned home and took up farming.

He soon found peace in Christianity.

  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 25
26. Distributing scriptures in Hokkaido with American missionary George Vorsheim (left).
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 26
27. With Reverend Billy Graham in November 1952.

Their paths crossed several times, and they became good friends.

  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 27
28. With daughter Miyako, wife Haruko, and son Yoshiya (Joe).
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 28
29. Mitsuo Fuchida, the man who led the air attack on Pearl Harbor.

Photo taken around 1964 in the garden of his home.

  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 29
Folder 9 Extras, 1940s - 1960s
Folder 10 Negatives, undated
Folder 11 Photocopied, undated

Section: Miracle at Midway

Folder 12 Published Images, 1940s
1. Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, Commander in Chief, First Air Fleet.
  • Page number: P1
  • Photo number: 1
2. Commander Mitsuo Fuchida, Flight leader of Akagi attack on Pearl Harbor.

He did not participate in the Battle of Midway because he had appendicitis.

  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 2
3. Admiral Yamamoto, Commander in Chief, combined fleet (Japanese Navy).
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 3
4. Admiral Nobutake Kondo, Commander in Chief, Second Fleet.
  • Page number: P2
  • Photo number: 4
5. Japanese submarine.
  • Page number: P3
  • Photo number: 5
6. Chester W. Nimitz presenting Distinguished Flying Cross to Lt. Cmdr. Clarence Wade McClusky, May 27, 1942.
  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 6
7. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
  • Page number: P4
  • Photo number: 7
8. Colonel Harold D. Shannon, Base Commander, Sixth Main Defense Battalion.
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 8
9. RADM Raymond A. Spruance, Commander, Task Force Sixteen.
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 9
10. RADM Frank Jack Fletcher, Commander, Task Force Seventeen.
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 10
11. Lt. Howard P. Ady, U.S. Navy reconnaissance pilot, the first to sight Japanese Task Force.
  • Page number: P5
  • Photo number: 11
12. VADM Tamon Yamaguchi, Commander in Chief, Second Carrier Division.
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 12
13. VADM Ryunosuke Kusaka, Chief of Staff, First Air Fleet.
  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 13
14. Midway Commanders at Awards Ceremony, June 17, 1942.

RADM Frank Jack Fletcher, RADM Thomas C. Kinkaid, RADM William W. Smith, RADM Marc A. Mitscher and RADM Robert H. English.

  • Page number: P6
  • Photo number: 14
15. Yamamoto and the Japanese Combined Fleet Staff.
  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 15
16. Commander Minoru Genda, Air Officer, First Air Fleet.

He planned the attack on Pearl Harbor and helped plan the Battle of Midway, but did not participate because of pneumonia.

  • Page number: P7
  • Photo number: 16
17. An early photo of the Nautilus, SS 168.
  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 17
18. USS Hornet CV-8.
  • Page number: P8
  • Photo number: 18
19. USS Enterprise.
  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 19
20. USS Yorktown CV-5.
  • Page number: P9
  • Photo number: 20
21. U.S. Marines landing at Midway.
  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 21
22. Marine Pfc Stanley G. Benson, of Minneapolis, Minn., watches the inimitable antics of Midway's "gooney birds" (Laycan Albatross).

After standing watching their dance for five minutes, Benson walked away shaking his head.

  • Page number: P10
  • Photo number: 22
23. General view of burning oil tanks on Midway Island after they were hit by Japanese bombs.

Note the gooney birds in the foreground.

  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 23
24. Damaged F4F at Midway.
  • Page number: P11
  • Photo number: 24
25. Midway Island, 1942.

Interior of one hangar on Midway Island, damaged during the raid.

  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 25
26. A Japanese torpedo scores on Yorktown.
  • Page number: P12
  • Photo number: 25
27. USS Yorktown sinking.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 26
28. The end draws near for USS Yorktown.
  • Page number: P13
  • Photo number: 27
29. Douglas SBD dive-bombing.
  • Page number: P14
  • Photo number: 28
30. Japanese ship Mikuma damaged.
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 29
31. CA Mogami class damaged.
  • Page number: P15
  • Photo number: 30
32. USS Hammon survivors aboard the USS Bentham.
  • Page number: P16
  • Photo number: 31
Folder 13-14 Extras, 1940s

Section: Nuts! The Battle of the Bulge: The Story and the Photographs

Folder 15-23 Published Images, 1940s
1. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges, First Army (left).

His command would bear the initial brunt of the German offensive. He is shown here with Maj. Gen. Maurice Rose of the 3rd Armored Division in the Rhine Valley on 24 March 1945.

  • Page number: 1
  • Photo number: 1-1
2. (Left to right) Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, 12th Army Group; Maj. Gen. Leonard T. Gerow, V Corps; General Dwight D. Eisenhower, supreme commander, Allied Expeditionary Force; and Maj. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, VII Corps, in France on 21 July 1944.
  • Page number: 2
  • Photo number: 1-2
3. Maj. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway (left), XVIII Airborne Corps, talks with the staff of the 82nd Airborne Division near Ribera, Sicily in late July 1943.
  • Page number: 3
  • Photo number: 1-3
4. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton Jr. (standing), Third Army, addresses the officers of the 80th Infantry Division at Ville-au-Val, France, in November 1944. Maj. Gen. Manton S. Eddy, XII Corps commander, sits at left.
  • Page number: 4
  • Photo number: 1-4
5. Maj. Gen. John Millikin, III Corps, poses for a photographer at Fort McPherson, Georgia, on 13 November 1943.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-5
6. Maj. Gen. Troy H. Middleton, VIII Corps, shown here 10 July 1943 aboard USS Ancon (AGC-4) while that ship was engaged in landing operations off Scoglitti, Sicily.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-6
7. Maj. Gen. Eddy, XII Corps (then commanding the 9th Infantry Division), visiting the front in Tunisia on 8 May 1943.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-7
8. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe.
  • Page number: 5
  • Photo number: 1-8
9. Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle, Eighth Air Force (Strategic).
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-9
10. Lt. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Ninth Air Force.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-10
11. Maj. Gen. Samuel E. Anderson, IX Bombardment Division.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-11
12. Maj. Gen. Paul L. Williams, IX Troop Carrier Command.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-12
13. Maj. Gen. Elwood L. Quesada, IX Tactical Air Command, supporting Hodge's First Army, (left) with Lt. Gen. Bradley.
  • Page number: 6
  • Photo number: 1-13
14. Maj. Gen. Otto P. Weyland, XIX Tactical Air Command, supporting Patton's Third Army.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-14
15. Adolf Hitler, Führer of the German Reich, shown during Benito Mussolini's visit on 25 July 1944 and shortly after the attempt on Hitler's life.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-15
16. Generalfeldmarschall Wilheim Keitel, chief of Oberkommando Wehrmacht (OKW), chats with Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann.
  • Page number: 7
  • Photo number: 1-16
17. Generaloberst Alfred Jodi, chief of staff of the German Army (center), briefs Hitler and Hermann Fegelein (Eva Braun's brother-in-law).
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-17
18. Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt (left) Oberbefehisaber West in mid-1944, accompanied by his then-chief of staff Generalleutnant Günther Blumentritt (right).
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-18
19. Adolf Hitler greets Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model, commander of Heeresgruppe B during the Ardennes Offensive.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 1-19
20. General der Panzertruppen Hasso von Manteuffel, 5. Panzer-Armee.

Note the two cuff titles on his tunic Afrika and Grossdeutschland.

  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-20
21. General der Panzertruppen Heinrich von Lüttwitz, XLVII.

Panzerkorps.

  • Page number: 9
  • Photo number: 1-21
22. General der Artillerie Walter Lucht, LXVI Armeekorps.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-22
23. General der Panzertruppen Walter Kröger, LVIII Panzerkorps.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-23
24. SS- Oberstgruppeenführer Josef Dietrich, 6 Panzer-Armee, at Berschtesgaden, while commander of the 1. SS-Panzer-Division.

On his right pocket hangs the ribbon of the Blood Order, a medal struck for participants in Hitler's 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. (Photo by Eva Braun)

  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-24
25. SS- Gruppenführer Hermann Priess, I. SS-Panzerkorps.
  • Page number: 10
  • Photo number: 1-25
26. SS- Oberstgruppeenführer Willi Bittrich, II. SS-Panzerkorps, shown here as an Oberführer.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-26
27. Generalleutnant Otto Hitzfeld, LXVII. Korps.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-27
28. General der Panzertruppen Erich Brandenburger, 7. Armee.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-28
29. General der Kavallerie Edwin von Rothkirch, LIII. Korps.
  • Page number: 11
  • Photo number: 1-29
30. General der Infanterie Franz Beyer, LXXX. Korps.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-30
31. Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring, Luftwaffe commander in chief (center right), on the occasion of the Führer's birthday on 20 April 1944.
  • Page number: 12
  • Photo number: 1-31
32. Generalleutnant Josef Schmidt Luftwaffen-Kommando West.
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-32
33. Generalleutnant and Inspekteur der Jadflieger Adolf Galland (left), commander of the Luftwaffe day fighters, confers with Hitler at the Wolf's Lair in East Prussia.
  • Page number: 13
  • Photo number: 1-33
34. Chart -- Comparison of 1939-1943 Infantry Division and Volksgrenadier Division
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-1
35. Mauser Kar 98k rifle.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-2
36. American soldiers examine a captured Schmeisser MP40 machine pistol.
  • Page number: 15
  • Photo number: 2-3
37. Pvt. Henry R. Riggan cleans a captured German Strumgewehr 44 (StG44); note MG44 in foreground.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-4
38. Fallschirmjägergewehr 42 (FG42) paratrooper rifle.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-5
39. The MG42 machine gun.
  • Page number: 16
  • Photo number: 2-6
40. Lieutenant Dreyden, U.S. Army Engineers, demonstrates the charging mechanism of a German Stielhandgranate 39 high-explosive stick grenade, or "potato masher."
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-7
41. Personal items and equipment frequently handled and associated with the German soldier -- his helmet, bayonet, cigarettes, and Soldbuch.
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-8
42. The 200,000th German POW captured by the Third Army wears a camouflaged parka, reversible to white.

National Archives 111-SC-202205

  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-9
43. Captured German soldiers in December 1944 display the variety of clothing worn by the rank and file.
  • Page number: 17
  • Photo number: 2-10
44. Panzerkampfwagen IV medium tank.
  • Page number: 18
  • Photo number: 2-11
45. Panzerkampfwagen V Panther heavy medium tank.
  • Page number: 8
  • Photo number: 2-12
46. Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. E Tiger I heavy tank.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-13
47. Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B Tiger II heavy tank.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-14
48. Sturmgeschütz III assault gun.
  • Page number: 19
  • Photo number: 2-15
49. A snow-covered, wrecked Jagdpanzer IV off the side of a road near Cherain, Belgium.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-16
50. A captured U.S. tank impressed into German Service.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-17
51. SdKfz 2 Kettenkraftrad, or half-tracked motorcycle.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-18
52. Volkswagen Typ 82, Kfz 1 Kübelwagen (right) and an American jeep.
  • Page number: 20
  • Photo number: 2-19
53. Zugkraftwagen 8t SdKfz 7 medium semi-tracked vehicle, or prime mover.

The "8t" refers to its 8-ton capacity.

  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-20
54. 88mm Pak 43/41.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-21
55. 75mm Pak 40 antitank gun.
  • Page number: 21
  • Photo number: 2-22
56. 75mm Pak 97/38 antitank gun with a Solothurn perforated muzzle brake.
  • Page number: 22
  • Photo number: 2-23
57. 105mm K.18 medium gun.
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  • Photo number: 2-24
58. 105mm leFH 18 howitzer.
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  • Photo number: 2-25
59. 105mm leFH 18/40 howitzer.
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  • Photo number: 2-26
60. 88mm Flak 36 mobile antiaircraft gun.
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-27
61. Nebelwerfer 41 150mm rocket launcher.
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-28
62. Schwerer Granatwerfer 34 80mm medium mortar.
  • Page number: 23
  • Photo number: 2-29
63. James J. Ballas inspects a captured German Panzerfaust 44mm recoilless antitank grenade launcher.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-30
64. Panzerfaust rocket-propelled projectile with tail assembly.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-31
65. 88mm Raketenpanzerbüchse 54, or Panzerschreck, demonstrated by two American soldiers in St.- Mère-Église, France.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-32
66. Tellermine 42 antitank mine.
  • Page number: 24
  • Photo number: 2-33
67. A German Brückengerät K small box-girder bridge captured near Stavelot, Belgium.
  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-34
68. American troops prepare to blow up German "dragon's teeth" tank obstacles in the Siegfried Line.
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  • Photo number: 2-35
69. Luftwaffe fighter aircraft are strewn about an abandoned German airfield at Bad Aibling, Germany.

An Me-109G-14 sits in the foreground, while a Schwarm (flight) of four FW-190A-8s or A-9s is parked across the taxiway.

  • Page number: 25
  • Photo number: 2-36
70. Sgt. Ray McCrary of Ft. Smith, Arkansas -- the first soldier of the 6th Armored Division to set foot on German soil -- poses with his Garand M1 rifle for a Signal Corps photograph.
  • Page number: 26
  • Photo number: 2-37
71. Tech/4 Fred Parke clutches his M1 carbine in an obviously posed action photo.
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  • Photo number: 2-38
72. Pvt. Edwin L. Larsen from the 3rd Armored Division cradles a Thompson M1 submachine gun.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-39
73. Firing demonstration of the U.S. M3 submachine gun, or "grease gun."
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-40
74. A 5th Infantry Division crew sets up a Browning M1917A1 .30-caliber water-cooled machine gun.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-41
75. Cpl. William Tamanatini of the 5th Armored Division loads a snow-covered Browning .30-caliber air-cooled machine gun near Sourbrodt, Belgium, on New Year's Day 1945.
  • Page number: 27
  • Photo number: 2-42
76. Browning .50-caliber M2 machine gun mounted on a jeep.
  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-43
77. Mark 11A1 fragmentation grenades lie on the camouflaged hood of a jeep.

Note the M3 submachine gun at right and its extra box magazine on the hood.

  • Page number: 28
  • Photo number: 2-44
78. Three American soldiers -- one (left) armed with an M1 carbine and two others with M1 rifles employed as launchers for M9 antitank grenades -- gingerly approach the entrance to a building in Stavelot.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-45
79. Two American soldiers demonstrate the camouflage value of the army's snow capes, which unfortunately were not generally available during the early stages of the Ardennes campaign.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-46
80. Wool "booties," an innovation of Col. Banner P. Purdue, commanding officer of the 120th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 29
  • Photo number: 2-47
81. Men of the 75th Division trudge behind an M4 Sherman tank near Basse, Belgium on January 1945 during the drive to relieve the 82nd Airborne Division.
  • Page number: 30
  • Photo number: 2-48
82. This M4A3 Sherman tank on highway H-4 near Bastogne mounts a 76mm gun, equipped in this case with a muzzle brake.
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-49
83. M10 Wolverine tank destroyer supports the drive of the 5th Division through Echternach, Luxembourg, in February 1945.
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-50
84. M18 Hellcat tank destroyer.
  • Page number: 31
  • Photo number: 2-51
85. M36 tank destroyer at Dudelange, Luxembourg, 3 January 1945.
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 2-52
86. A U.S. M3 half-track of the 11th Armored Division prepares for an attack on the outskirts of Bastogne, New Year's Eve, 1944.
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 2-53
87. A U.S. 155mm self-propelled gun near Echternach.
  • Page number: 32
  • Photo number: 2-54
88. American gun crewmen of the 770th Field Artillery Battalion dig an emplacement for their 4.5-inch gun near Wilwerdange, Luxembourg.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-55
89. 105mm howitzer gun crew from the 84th Division prepares to bombard enemy positions near La Roche, Belgium.
  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-56
90. Two 90mm antiaircraft guns of the 214th Antiaircraft Artillery (AAA) Battalion point skyward.

Such guns provided much of the heavy, long-range punch required to fend off any possible large-scale German attack from the skies.

  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-57
91. A 40mm gun attached to the 633rd AAA Battalion, 80th Infantry Division, keeps watch over the town of Wilts, Luxembourg.

Note the white paint job applied, albeit hurriedly, to this intermediate-range mount.

  • Page number: 33
  • Photo number: 2-58
92. Quadruple .50-caliber Browning machine-gun mount.
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-59
93. Parabolic radar antenna used by the 129th AAA Battalion near Differdange, Luxembourg.
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-60
94. IFF (Identification, Friend or Foe) antenna set by the 217th AAA Battalion sits in the snow near Bastogne.
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-61
95. An M7 aircraft locator device sits in a sandbagged position of the 217th AAA Battalion.
  • Page number: 34
  • Photo number: 2-62
96. Two soldiers set up an M2 60mm mortar.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 2-63
97. Test-firing of an M1 2.36-inch antitank rocket launcher, or bazooka.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 2-64
98. Carl Listro of the 4th Armored Division applies a coat of white paint to a bulldozer of the 24th Armored Engineer Battalion in Luxembourg.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 2-65
99. Pvt. Floyd Pilcheo of the 565th AAA Battalion adjusts camouflage netting on a two-and-a-half-ton truck.
  • Page number: 35
  • Photo number: 2-66
100. Tech/4 Luther May of Colorado Springs, Colorado, proudly displays special "mud shoes" of his own invasion that are installed on a jeep of the 981st Maintenance Battalion.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 2-67
101. Republic P-47 Thunderbolts warm up on the tarmac somewhere in Normandy.
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 2-68
102. Douglas A-20 Havoc
  • Page number: 36
  • Photo number: 2-69
103. North American P-61 Black Widow.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 2-70
104. Douglas C-47, the workhorse of the IX Transport Command.
  • Page number: 37
  • Photo number: 2-71
105. Map -- Final attack plan for the Ardennes Offensive showing the route of Model's Heeresgruppe B.
  • Page number: 39
  • Photo number: 3-1
106. Chart -- Organization of the 6. Panzer-Armee.
  • Page number: 40
  • Photo number: 3-2
107. SS- Oberführer Wilhelm Mohnke (left), 1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler, shown here greeting Sepp Dietrich.
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 3-3
108. SS- Standartenführer Hugo Kraas, 12. SS-Panzer-Division Hitlerjugend, shown here as an Obersturmbannführer.
  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 3-4
109. Generalmajor Gerhardt Engel, 12.

Volksgenadier-Division, shown earlier in his career as a Hauptmann.

  • Page number: 41
  • Photo number: 3-5
110. Oberst Georg Kosmalla, 272. Volksgrenadier-Division, had formerly led the 32.

Infanterie-Division on the northern sector of the Russian Front.

  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 3-6
111. SS- Brigadeführer Heinz Lammerding, 2.

SS-Panzer-Division Das Reich, as a Standartenführer.

  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 3-7
112. SS- Oberführer Sylvester Stadler, 9. SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen, shown here as an Obersturmbannführer.
  • Page number: 42
  • Photo number: 3-8
113. Chart -- Organization of the 5. Panzer-Armee
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 3-9
114. Oberst Günther Hoffman- Schönborn, 18. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 3-10
115. Oberst Frederich Kittel (here a Generalmajor), 62. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 3-11
116. Generalmajor Siegfried von Waldenburg, 116. Panzer-Division.
  • Page number: 43
  • Photo number: 3-12
117. Oberst Meinrad von Lauchert, 2. Panzer-Division.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 3-13
118. Generalleutnant Fritz Bayerlein, Panzer-Lehr Division, shown here in March 1944 during Operation Margarethe in Hungary.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 3-14
119. Oberst Heinz Kokott, 26. Volkgrenadier-Division, as commanding officer of the Grenadier-Regiment 377.
  • Page number: 44
  • Photo number: 3-15
120. Chart -- Organization of the 7. Armee
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 3-16
121. Oberst Ludwig Heilmann, 5. Fallschirmjäger-Division.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 3-17
122. Oberst Erich Schmidt, 352. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 45
  • Photo number: 3-18
123. Generalmajor Kurt Moehring, 276. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 3-19
124. Generalleutenant Franz Sensfuss, 212. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 3-20
125. Chart -- Organization of the German Reserves.
  • Page number: 46
  • Photo number: 3-21
126. Oberst Otto Remer, führer-Begleit Brigade.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 3-22
127. Oberst Hans-Joachim Kahler, führer-Grenadier-Brigade.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 3-23
128. Oberst Werner Kolb, 9. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 3-24
129. Generalleutnant Hans-Kurt Höcker, 167. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 47
  • Photo number: 3-25
130. Generalmajor Harold von Elverfeld, 9. Panzer-Division.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 3-26
131. Oberst Theodor Tolsdorff, 340. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 3-27
132. Oberst Peter Körte, 246. Volksgrenadier-Division.
  • Page number: 48
  • Photo number: 3-28
133. Maj. Gen. Walter E. Lauer (right center), commanding general, 99th Infantry Division, presents the Presidential Unit Citation to the 3d Battalion, 195th Infantry Regiment, for its heroic defense during the German breakthrough in the Ardennes.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 3-29
134. Maj. Gen. Walter M. Robertson, commanding general, 2d Infantry Division, pins the Legion of Merit on Lt. Col. Donald P. Christensen, 2d Infantry intelligence officer. Robertson's longevity was matched by few division commanders, for he led the 2d Infantry from May 1942 through the end of the war.
  • Page number: 49
  • Photo number: 3-30
135. Maj. Gen. Norman S. Cota, commanding general, 28th Infantry Division, chats with General Eisenhower on 9 November 1944.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 3-31
136. Maj. Gen. Raymond O. Barton, commanding general, 4th Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 50
  • Photo number: 3-32
137. Map -- The Ardennes, 0530, 16 December 1944.
  • Page number: 51
  • Photo number: 3-33
138. Map -- The Rollbahnen Path of I. SS-Panzerkorps to the Meuse.
  • Page number: 52
  • Photo number: 4-1
139. Sturmbannführer Siegfried Müller, SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25.
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-2
140. Sturmbannführer Herbert Kühlmann, SS-Panzer-Regiment 12, while serving earlier in the war with the 1. SS-Panzer-Division.
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-3
141. Sturmbannführer Gerhard Bremer, SS- Aufklärungs-Abteilung 12, while serving as an Obersturmführer with the 1. SS-Panzer-Division. Bundesarchiv 94/13/2A
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-4
142. Sturmbannführer Bernhard Krause, SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 26.
  • Page number: 53
  • Photo number: 4-5
143. Obersturmbannführer Joachim Peiper, SS-Panzer-Regiment 1, as a Sturmbannführer.

This photo is from a color portrait taken by official photographer Walter Frentz during Peiper's visit to the führer's headquarters at Wolf's Lair. The original color paint shows dark circles under Peiper's eyes, evidence of either fatigue or stress suffered on the Russian Front or perhaps a vitamin-C deficiency.

  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 4-6
144. Dressed in a camouflage tunic Obersturmbannführer Heinz von Westernhagen, schwere SS-Panzer-Abteilung 501, briefs officers (likely his company commanders) during the Normandy campaign.
  • Page number: 54
  • Photo number: 4-7
145. Sturmbannführer Rudolf Sandig, SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 2. Bundesarchiv 78/85/21
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-8
146. Sturmbannführer Max Hansen, SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 1.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-9
147. Sturmbannführer Gustav Knittel, SS-Panzer- Aufklärungs-Abteilung 1.
  • Page number: 55
  • Photo number: 4-10
148. Hallschlag, Germany. Cold hands in their pockets, prisoners from the U.S. 99th Infantry Division await marching instructions from a Feldgendarm (military policeman) at far right.

Note the Feldgendarmerie gorget hanging around his neck.

  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 4-11
149. Under guard and in various states of dress, Americans continue their march through Hallschlag.

A medic and soldier with a white helmet cover -- at far right in the previous photo -- pass before the camera.

  • Page number: 56
  • Photo number: 4-13
150. German Kübelwagens and a horse-drawn vehicle traverse the Siegfried Line between the villages of Scheid and Merlscheid.

Note the array of Höckerhindernisse (literally "hump obstructions"), or dragon's teeth tank obstacles.

  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 4-14
151. While a junior grade officer (likely an engineer) lounges at left, German trucks cross the railway line between Stadtkyll and Malmédy via a Type-J replacement bridge.

Note the camouflage on the top of the truck just entering the bridge's east side.

  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 4-15
152. After riding across the J bridge, the photographer pivots and snaps a picture of the column making its way over the replacement bridge its way over the replacement bridge.

Set up as a prudent precaution, a 20mm Flak 38 antiaircraft gun mount guards the engineers' completed work.

  • Page number: 57
  • Photo number: 4-16
153. German view of a U.S. P-47 fighter flying at low altitude east of Merisheid.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 4-17
154. Kübelwagen from Kampfgruppe Peiper bounces down Rollbahn D past a small church and a U.S. antitank gun near Merlscheid.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 4-18
155. The war correspondent backtracks approximately fifteen steps to get a better photograph of the antitank gun.
  • Page number: 58
  • Photo number: 4-19
156. The American prisoners from the 99th Infantry Division trudge to the rear on the road between Lanzerath and Merischeid.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 4-20
157. The guard at far right in the previous picture passes before the camera.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 4-21
158. American prisoners glare at the Kriegsberichter.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 4-22
159. A shocked American prisoner casts an empty glance at the camera.
  • Page number: 59
  • Photo number: 4-23
160. A Königstiger with its 88mm gun pointing skyward clanks down the road toward Lanzerath while U.S. 99th Division POWs pass in the opposite direction.

Note the checkerboard divisional patch on the sleeve of the private first class at far right.

  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 4-24
161. More POWs trudge down Rollbahn D toward Merlscheid.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 4-25
162. German soldiers from the 18. Volksgrenadier-Division, 5. Panzer-Armee, near Roth rummage through the camp of the U.S. 14th Cavalry Group, which was attached temporarily to the 106h Infantry Division.
  • Page number: 60
  • Photo number: 4-26
163. The correspondent follows two other soldiers into camp.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 4-27
164. An SS infantryman examines an abandoned U.S. M45 quadruple machine-gun mount belonging to the 413th AAA Battalion, attached to the First Army
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 4-28
165. U.S. enlisted billets at Roth.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 4-29
166. Abandoned olive-drab tents contrast against the gray December sky.
  • Page number: 61
  • Photo number: 4-30
167. Captured U.S. rations high in a German Kübelwagen.
  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 4-31
168. The ignominy and impersonal brutality of war. Luftwaffe personal loot American corpses at a crossroads in Honsfeld; note the barefoot American at far left.

The German soldier at left appears to be putting something in his pockets.

  • Page number: 62
  • Photo number: 4-32
169. American casualties from the fighting in Honsfeld facedown in the mud.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 4-33
170. Triumphant Luftwaffe soldiers take a short breather. Note gas mask canisters carried by the soldiers at right and the bandoliered MG42 ammunition worn by the soldier at left.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 4-34
171. An SdKfr 251 half-track proceeds through Honsfeld on its way toward Büllingen.
  • Page number: 63
  • Photo number: 4-35
172. American dead near their 76mm antitank gun in Honsfeld.
  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 4-36
173. Likely having just departed Honsfeld, two SS- Kradschützen press forward on their motorcycle.

Note the "cat-eye" cover on the headlamp.

  • Page number: 64
  • Photo number: 4-37
174. Seated in his Schwimmwagen, a company commander of SWS-Panzer- Aufklärungs-Abteilung 1 ( Kampfgruppe Knittel), possibly Obersturmführer Walter Leidreiter of 2. Kompanie, checks his map.

Note the road sign knocked askew and the American "202 ORDDEPOT FWD" placard placed atop the signpost. The Schwimmwagen was an amphibious version of the Kübelwagen.

  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 4-38
175. Vehicles from Kampfgruppe Hansen make a left turn toward the town of Recht. In front is a Steyr 1500 truck.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 4-39
176. Loaded down with Luftwaffe Fallschrimjäger, Tiger II "222" from Kampfgruppe Peiper clatters northwest and straight through Kaiserbaracke on the way to Ligneuville.
  • Page number: 65
  • Photo number: 4-40
177. Half-tracks of Kampfgruppe Knittel clank through Kaiserbaracke, bound for Ligneuville.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 4-41
178. Cigar between clenched teeth, Ochsner poses in his Schwimmwagen beside the Malmédy and St. Vith road signs.

Previously published versions of this and the two subsequent photos have often purported (in error) to show Obersturmbannführer Joachim Peiper.

  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 4-42
179. A cooperative Ochsner, his driver, and Oberscharführer Persin check their map for the eager Kriegsbericher.
  • Page number: 66
  • Photo number: 4-43
180. Chomping on what is probably one of Ochsner's cigars, the Schwimmwagen driver, a Rottenführer, mugs for the folks at home.

This photo makes it obvious that the man at the left is not Peiper. Peiper had finer features, a thinner face, and a cleft chin.

  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 4-44
181. Loaded down with a host of Fallschirmjäger, a Tiger II rolls through the vicinity of Ligneuville between Rollbahnen D and E.
  • Page number: 67
  • Photo number: 4-45
182. Luftwaffe personnel on the Königstiger accept a light for the