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Subseries 3. Canals and Waterways

Scope and Content Notes:

The transportation of coal, coke, and manufacturing materials used in the production of steel contributed to almost half of the cost of the finished product. Frick knew that transporting his materials via waterways and canals would greatly reduce his cost of shipping for his various companies. Frick who was always interested in the bottom line was highly invested in the research and development of canals and waterway transportation. This subseries illustrated many of the waterways and canal routes Frick used to transport both his raw material and Carnegie Company steel products. Many of the maps show the waterways and surround towns and communities in the general region.

Section: Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal; Beaver-Astabula Canal Route; Ashtabula County, Ohio


Oversize 4
Roll 1 1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Lake Erie Coast Chart No. 3: Erie to Conneaut and Long Point. Paper copy. (28" x 42") [torn into three pieces], 1886
2. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Coast Chart No. 3: Lake Erie, Erie to Conneaut and Long Point. Paper copy. (28" x 43"), 1904
3. The Lake Erie and Ohio River Canal Board. Profile of Grand Route: Rock Creek to Lake Erie. Coated cloth. (12" x 24"), 1914
4. The Lake Erie and Ohio River Canal Board. Profile of Grand Route: Mahoning River to Rock Creek. Coated cloth. (12.5" x 39"), 1914
5. Topographical survey of several counties in northeastern Ohio. Blueprint. (29" x 43"), undated
6. U.S. Geological Survey. Topography of the State of Ohio—Ashtabula Quadrangle. [Fragment— undated.] Paper with cloth backing. (14.5" x 18.5"), undated
7. Topographical map of Ashtabula and Trumbull Cos., Ohio. Blueprint. (36" x 17.5"), undated
8. Map of water and railways in northeast Ohio. Paper copy. (35" x 74") [in two pieces], undated
9. Map of Ashtabula Co., Ohio showing the cities of Jefferson, Colebrook, and Orwell. Paper with cloth backing. (20" x 27"), undated

Section: Waterways in northeastern Ohio

Roll 2 1. Drawing of waterways in northeastern Ohio. Paper. (39" x 145") [Pencil and crayon on tracing paper] undated
2. Drawing of waterways in northeastern Ohio. Paper. (39" x 145") [Pencil and crayon on tracing paper], undated

Section: Ashtabula-Beaver Canal Route

Roll 3 1. Map showing the Ashtabula-Beaver Canal Route. Blueprint. (32" x 55"), undated

Section: Trumbull County, Ohio

Roll 4 1. George M. Lehman. Alternate route [from Niles, Ohio, to Lake Erie via canal]. Coated cloth. (65" x 21.5"), 1906
2. Map of the city of Niles, Ohio. Blueprint. (23.5" x 29"), undated
3. Map of north half of Warren, Ohio, showing waterways and railways. Coated cloth. (17" x 23"), undated
4. Map of south half of Warren, Ohio, showing waterways and railways. Coated cloth. (17" x 23"), undated
5. Map showing a feasible canal route via Grand River Valley from the Mahoning River to Lake Erie. Blueprint. (36.5" x 21.5"), undated
6. Map of Mosquito Creek water shed. Pencil on tracing paper. (12.5" x 33") [in two pieces], undated

Section: Portage County, Ohio

Roll 5 1. Map of north half of Ravenna, Ohio. Coated cloth. (16" x 22"), undated
2. Map of south half of Ravenna, Ohio. Coated cloth. (18" x 23"), undated
3. Map of north half of Ravenna, Ohio, and north half of Warren, Ohio. Blueprint. (29.5" x 41"), undated

Section: Mahoning County, Ohio

Roll 6 1. Map [of Mahoning river?] near Youngstown. Ohio. Pencil on Paper. (42" x 36"), undated

Section: Lawrence County, Pa.

Roll 7 1. Plan of Property of the West Pittsburgh Realty Co. at West Pittsburgh, Pa. Blueprint. (37" x 50") [in Mylar], 1906
2. Sheet No. 1: From Mahonington, Pa. To Ohio State Line. Pencil on tracing paper. (31" x 36") [Very ragged, irregular shape], undated
3. Map of the Shenango River as part of the Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal Co. Ink and pencil on paper. (36" x 114"), 1905
4. Map showing canal route locks nine to eleven from Edinburg, Pa. to Lowellville, Ohio. Pencil and pen on paper. (31" x 36"), undated

Section: Beaver County, Pa.

Roll 8 1. Map of New Brighton, Penn. Blueprint. (35" x 59"), 1890
2. [Map of Beaver Co., Pa.?] Blueprint. (7.5" x 8"), undated
3. Survey of property owners on the Ohio River in Beaver and Allegheny Counties. Blueprint. (31" x 59"), undated
4. Unidentified canal route near Big Beaver, [Pa.]. Coated cloth. (8" x 27"), undated

Section: Allegheny County, Pa.

Roll 9 1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Map of the Ohio River at Blunot's Island. Blueprint. (48" x 26"), 1895
2. Map of the Ohio River at Brunot's Island. undated. Coated cloth. (37.5" x 20.5"), ca. 1900
3. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Ohio River: Location of Locks and Dams Nos. 1-37. Blueprint. (20" x 15.5"), 1902
4. Survey of the Ohio River around Neville Island. Survey made 1903; harbor lines established June 24. Blueprint. (53" x 31.5"), 1904
5. Map of the Ohio River near Sewickley and Lock No. 3. Blueprint. (33" x 59"), undated
6. Map of the Ohio River around Neville Island and Coraopolis. Blueprint. (31" x 53"), undated
7. Pittsburgh Harbor: Sheet No. 1 (showing Ohio River and Davis Island). Blueprint. (30" x 53"), undated
8. Map of the Ohio River in the city of Allegheny. Blueprint. (24.5" x 26.5"), undated
9. Map of the Ohio River in the vicinity of Edgeworth and Sewickley. Blueprint. (31" x 58"), undated
10. Detail of the Ohio River with bank sections. Blueprint. (31" x 52"), undated

Section: Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal

Roll 10 1. Ship Canal Commission of Pennsylvania Survey of 1889. Elk Creek to Jamestown Brook. Coated Cloth. (14.5" x 120") [Irregular shape in 2 pieces], 1889
2. Map and profiles of proposed Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Blueprint. (22" x 78") [2 sheets], 1907
3. Map and profiles of proposed Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Paper. (22" x 78") [2 sheets], 1907
Roll 11 1. Plan of Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Coated cloth. (8.5" x 19.5") [8 sheets with various views], undated
2. Map showing location of the Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal and connecting waterways, Iron Ore Region of Lake Superior and the Bituminous Coal Fields. Blueprint. (22" x 22"), 1906
3. Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal: Diagram of water supply and consumption. Blueprint. (12.5" x 8.5"), undated
4. Map to show progress of surveys for Lake Erie & Ohio River Ship Canal Co. Blueprint. (24" x 16.5") [2 sheets], undated
5. Map showing proposed route of Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Blueprint. (13" x 10.5") [5 sheets], undated
6. Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Canal cross sections. Coated cloth. (8.5" x 13"), undated
Roll 12 1. Atlas of Ohio. Connecticut "Western Reserve" including the counties of Ashtabula, Trumbull, Mahoning, Lake, Geauga, Portage, Cuyahoga, Summit, Medina, Lorain, Erie, and Huron. Cloth-backed map. (16.5" x 27"), undated
2. Map of counties in northeastern Ohio. Blueprint. (22.5" x 27.5"), undated
3. Drawing of Mahoning River, West Branch, and Eagle Creek watersheds. Paper. (21" x 16"), undated
4. Map of quadrangles in northeastern Ohio. Paper copy. (15" x 36"), undated
5. Map of Pymatuning Creek in Ohio. Tracing paper. (13" x 20"), undated
Roll 13 1. Map of waterways in northeastern Ohio/north western Pennsylvania. Blueprint. (26" x 14.5"), undated
2. Map of quadrangles in eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. Paper copy. (17.5" x 36"), undated
3. Map showing a feasible canal route via Grand River Valley from the Mahoning River to Lake Erie. Coated cloth. (21.5" x 37.5"), undated
4. Map of Mill Creek Watershed. Tracing paper. (15.5" x 16.5"), undated
5. Industrial map of manufacturing works in the Pittsburgh District. The map is labeled “Lake Erie [and] Ohio River Ship Canal.” Coated cloth. (23" x 67"), 1907
Roll 14 1. Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship-Canal Commission of Pennsylvania. Profile of Canal route from Conneaut Harbor to the Ohio River at Rochester, Pa. Coated Cloth. (12.5" x 276"), undated
Roll 15 1. Plan of Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal. Coated cloth. (8.5" x 19.5") [8 sheets], undated
Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal: Diagram of water supply and consumption. Blueprint. (12.5" x 8.5"), undated
3. Map of midwestern states with rivers drawn but not labeled. Coated cloth. (18" x 20.5"), undated
4. Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal: Diagram of water supply and consumption. Blueprint. (12.5" x 8.5"), undated
5. Map of northwestern Pennsylvania. Blueprint. (17" x 11"), undated

Section: Erie County, Pa.

Roll 16 1. Franklin, Washington, McKean, Fairview, and other townships routes in Erie County, Pa. Map. (38" x 72"), undated

Section: Crawford County, Pa.

Roll 17 1. Map and Profile of a Canal Line from the French Creek Aqueduct to the Mouth of Little Sugar Creek. Blueprint. (19.5" x 22"), 1890
2. Plan of the Conneaut and Shenango Summits showing the location of the canal and feeder west from Pitneys. Blueprint. (26" x 17"), 1890
3. Survey of Pymatuning Swamp. Blueprint. (14" x 17"), 1895
4. Map of Meadville, Pa. Coated cloth. (26.5" x 21"), 1895
5. Map of the city of Meadville, Crawford Co., Penna. Blueprint. (30" x 24"), 1912
6. Feeder survey: Meadville to [unnamed] Dam. Map. (36" x 76"), undated
7. Map compiled from surveys made for Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal and Crawford Co., Pa. map. Blueprint. (12.5" x 21.5"), undated
8. Topographical Map of Pymatuning Swamp. Blueprint. (36" x 42"), undated
9. Topographical Map [of Pymatuning Swamp?] Blueprint. (33" x 42"), undated
10. Map compiled from surveys made for Lake Erie and Ohio River Ship Canal and Crawford Co., Pa. Blueprint. (12.5" x 21.5"), undated

Section: Monongahela River

Roll 18 1. Map of the Monongahela River from the Virginia line to Pittsburgh. Map. (18" x 27"), 1841
2. Map of the Monongahela River in the vicinity of Brownsville. Blueprint. (29" x 56"), December 1872
3. Map of the Monongahela River from Turtle Creek to Lucas Station. Blueprint. (27" x 29"), 1895
4. Soundings below Lock No. 5, Monongahela River. Blueprint. (14" x 36"), 1897
5. Improvement of the Upper Monongahela river, W.Va.: General Map and Profile. Blueprint. (35" x 26.5"), September 1898
6. Monongahela River, Lock No. 3: Sections of Proposed Lock. Blueprint. (30" x 60"), 1905
7. Map of the Monongahela River from Pittsburgh to Brownsville showing the location of coal works. Map. (18" x 27"), undated
8. Map of the Monongahela River [from McKeesport to Brownsville?]. Blueprint. (22" x 30") [8 sheets], undated
9. Map of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers in Pittsburgh. Blueprint. (37" x 26"), undated
10. Lock No. 2, Monongahela River: General Plan of Lock and Dam. Blueprint. (36" x 60"), undated

Section: Harbor and Canal

Roll 19 1. Magnetic bearing of tang over Ohio River from meridian monument near Beaver Co. courthouse. Blueprint. (12" x 40"), 1891
2. Canals and Navigable Rivers of the U.S. and Canada. Cloth backed map. (21" x 21"), 1905
3. Map of unidentified canal or river. Sketch. (13.5" x 109"), 1914
4. Map of unidentified river. Coated cloth. (10" x 32"), undated
5. Map of unidentified river. Blueprint. (10" x 32"), undated
6. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Chart of Buffalo Harbor and Niagara River to the Falls, NY. Paper copy. (30" x 47"), 1904
7. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Chart of Buffalo Harbor and Niagara River to The Falls. Paper copy. (30" x 47"), 1905
8. Harbor lines no. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 15, Pittsburgh Harbor, Pa. Blueprint. (30" x 56") overall. [6 sheets], 1895
Unidentified Rivers/Canal
Roll 20 1. Plan of dams on unidentified body of water. Blueprint. (26.5" x 23.5"), ca. 1900
2. Map of unidentified river. Blueprint. (10" x 32"), undated
3. Map of unidentified river. Coated cloth. (10" x 32"), undated
4. Map of unidentified canal or river. Map. (12" x 15.5") [Pencil on tracing paper], undated

Section: McKeesport to Lake Erie

Roll 21 1. Drawing of waterways from McKeesport to Lake Erie. Sketch. (39" x 154") [Pencil and crayon on tracing paper], undated

Section: Ohio River to Davis Island

Roll 22 1. Monongahela and Ohio River to Davis Island. sketch. (10" x 227"), undated

Section: Allegheny River-French Creek Canal Route

Roll 23 1. Map of section of Allegheny River. Blueprint. (30.5" x 28") [Reproduction of 1828 map with annotations.], undated
2. Draft of a part of the French Creek Division. Blueprint. (25" x 22"), 1890
3. Map of French Creek and surrounding area. Map. (9" x 20") [Tracing paper], undated
4. Chart of borings into the Allegheny River. Paper copy. (20" x 28"), undated

Section: Portsmouth-Sandusky

Roll 24 1. Chart showing Lake Erie levels at Cleveland, 1859-1896. Paper copy. (20" x 28"), 1896

Section: Allegheny River-French Creek Canal Route; Erie County, Pa.

Roll 25 1. Map of Summit Watershed. Map. (9.5" x 33") [Tracing paper], undated
2. Maps of waterways in Amity township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"),
3. Maps of waterways in Conneaut township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
4. Maps of waterways in Elk Creek township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
5. Maps of waterways in Franklin township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
6. Maps of waterways in Girard township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
7. Maps of waterways in Greene township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
8. Maps of waterways in Greenfield township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
9. Maps of waterways in Harborcreek township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
10. Maps of waterways in LeBoeuf township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
11. Maps of waterways in McKean township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
12. Maps of waterways in Millcreek township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
13. Maps of waterways in Northeast township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
14. Maps of waterways in Springfield township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
15. Maps of waterways in Summit township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
16. Maps of waterways in Union township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
17. Maps of waterways in Venango township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
18. Maps of waterways in Washington township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated
19. Maps of waterways in Wayne township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), unadted
20. Maps of waterways in Waterford township, Erie County, Pa. Map. (26" x 22"), undated

Section: Unidentified and Ohio River

Roll 26 1. Map of waterways in unidentified area. Map. (24.5" x 43"), undated
2. Map of waterways in unidentified area. Map. (26" x 36.5"), undated
3. Untitled survey [of a waterway?] Map. (15.5" x 32.5"), undated
4. Topographical map [unidentified]. Map. (22" x 30.5"), undated
5. Topographical map showing locks 23 to 34 in an unidentified area. Map. (6.5" x 19"), undated
6. For erecting 6 bear-trap gates in the Ohio River. Blueprint. (10.5" x 12"), 1905
7. For building Dam #2 at Six-Mile-Island, Allegheny River. Blueprint. (9.5" x 12"), 1905
8. For erecting 8 lock gates on the Ohio River. Blueprint. (11" x 17"), 1905
9. For building five pairs of lock gates and anchorages. Blueprint. (7" x 15"), 1906