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Series XXVII. Populists/Pre-Populists

Scope and Content Notes:

The term populist entered American political discourse with the appearance of the People’s or Populist Party in 1892. Their presidential candidate, James Weaver, got 8.5% of the national popular vote, and the Party expanded that percentage in the 1894 congressional elections. Much of the Party supported the Democrat William Jennings Bryan in 1896 and the Party declined thereafter. Populists carried several states electing governors, senators and congressmen. They campaigned against banks, monopolies and railroads and for railroad and banking regulation, expansionary monetary policies, and framers’ cooperatives. Initially drawing support mainly from wheat and cotton belt farmers, they also supported labor reforms and drew significant working –class support in 1894. A variety of organizations with similar programs and rhetoric had preceded the People’s Party in the previous two decades and are also included here.

Box 25
Folder 14 "Sovereigns of Industry" Addendum. E.M. Chamberlain, 1875
Folder 15 Sovereigns of Industry Membership Card, 1874
Folder 16 "Up to Date: Coins Financial School Continued", WH Harvey, 1895
Folder 17 "Coins Financial School" WH Harvey, 1894
Folder 18 "Coin on Money, Trusts, and Imperialism" WH Harvey, 1899
Folder 19 Coxey His Own Story, April 1914