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Series XV. Progressive Party

Scope and Content Notes:

Former Vice President Henry Wallace ran for President on a third party Progressive ticket in 1948. The Progressive Party emphasized three themes: opposition to Cold War policies, expansion of New Deal reform towards something closer to European social democracy, and racial equality. Serious discussion of a possible left third party began in 1946. In its earliest stages this movement drew support from a broad array of New Dealers, officials and activists in state third parties such as the New York American Labor Party, the Minnesota Farmer Labor Party, or the Washington Commonwealth Federation (more of a faction in the Washington State Democratic Party than a third party), CIO officials, and left-wing intellectuals.

The Communists, at first, were not enthusiastic both because the Progressive Party might be a competitor on the Left and because the international Communist line was shifting toward a more sectarian posture less welcoming of united fronts. But, as the Cold War heated up, the Progressives’ anti-Cold War posture caused the CP to shift toward enthusiastic support for the Progressive Party. However, the CP’s active engagement with the Progressive Party undermined much of its non-Communist support. Wallace’s disappointing 1948 popular vote--barely more than 2% after initial projections of perhaps 10 to 20%--further discouraged those non-Communists who had stuck with the organization. The Party faltered on through the 1952 campaign, but was justifiably viewed by most non-Communist observers as little more than a Communist front.

Box 10
Folder 20 "We Propose this Program of Peace and Abundance for the People of North Carolina" Pamphlet, 1948
Folder 21 IPP Record
Folder 22 Draft Platform Progressive Party of North Carolina, April 25 1948 ( 3)
Folder 23 Progressive Party Platform, 1952
Folder 24 "Public Affairs Pamphlet No. 1, A Program For Jobs In N.Y. State", Issued By Council on Public Affairs, N.Y. State American Labor Party
Folder 25 "Could Peace Cost So Much?" Flyer, 1952
Folder 26 "The Other Evil", The Truth About the 1952 Elections, By Vito Marcantonio
Folder 27 "He Thinks Right"
Folder 28 Flyer Discussing Police Brutality in Detroit, 1948
Folder 29 Tribune Record, April 17, 1953
Folder 30 Flyer for The Progressive Party of Delaware
Folder 31 "We Can Have Homes"
Folder 32 "The Third Party and the 1948 Elections", By Eugene Dennis, March, 1948
Folder 33 A Flyer from the Young Progressives of Ohio
Folder 34 "The 3rd Party", By Adam Lapin
Folder 35 Flyer Encouraging People to Vote for the Progressive Party
Folder 36 "The Outlook for the N.Y. City Elections", By Simon W. Gerson
Folder 37 "Speak up for Peace"
Folder 38 Flyer to Vote for Henry Steinberg
Folder 39 "YOU Can Stop the Korean War YOU Can Stop World War 3 With a VOTE" Flyer, 1952
Folder 40 "Fed Up..." Flyer, ca. 1938

Box 14
Folder 46 Progressive Party of Philadelphia Letter, November 17, 1954
Folder 47 "Knock on Any Door!", Progressive Party
Folder 48 Pamphlet to Elect Progressive Party Candidate Mrs. Charlotta Bass
Folder 49 "Your Vote Can Stop the War in Korea Now!" Pamphlet
Folder 50 "Vote for Wallace" Flyer

Box 26
Folder 1 "Red Herring" Flyer, 1948
Folder 2 Progressive Party Campaign Items (5), 1948
Folder 3 "How Your Congressman Voted On:" Intro by Henry A Wallace, 1946