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Subseries 4. Legal Material, 1899-1915

Scope and Content Notes:

During the summer of 1911, the affairs of the United States Steel Corporation were put under investigation by a committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, and in May 1912, the taking of testimony in the government's suit for an injunction and dissolution was begun in New York. The suit was filed due to the formation of the United States Steel Corporation which largely eliminated active competition between steel producing companies and seemingly became a monopoly. The corporation was believed to be in violation of the Sherman Act wherein if a corporation was deemed to be a monopoly in restraint of trade by the Supreme Court, the company must be dissolved within six months. After an immense amount of testimony had been taken, the steal trust secured a decision by both the local circuit and U.S. Supreme court finding that the corporation was not a monopoly, thus allowing it to stay in business. This subseries contains the testimonies from Andrew Carnegie, Charles Schwab (former President of U.S. Steel), George W. Perkins (former director), and former President Theodore Roosevelt. The materials in this subseries are arranged chronologically and date from 1899 to 1915.

This subseries also contains extracts, newspaper clippings, correspondence, telegrams, and statements relating to the hearing. Folders that contain Carnegie testimonies can be found in file folders 8, 9, and 11. There are also director’s meeting minutes from H.C. Frick Coke Company included in the hearing extracts dated October 25, 1899, January 10, 1900, January 24, 1900, and February 6, 1900. H.C. Frick, Thomas Lynch, and George Lauder were some of the men involved in those meetings.

Also include in this subseries are newspaper clippings relating to the steel suit. All clippings are clearly cited; some of the newspapers include the following publications: the Pittsburgh Dispatch, Pittsburgh Gazette,Pittsburgh Leader, and the New York Evening Post. There are also some records that pertain to an unsuccessful option that Frick, Henry Phipps, and William H. Moore tried to buy out Carnegie in 1899.

Folder 10 Extracts, Hearing of Friday, June 2, 1911
Folder 11 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 12-22, pages 1-76, July 29, 1911-August 4, 1911

Box 660
Folder 1 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 12-22, pages 77-155, August 4, 1911-August 9, 1911
Folder 2 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 23-35, pages 1-50, August 11, 1911-January 10, 1912
Folder 3 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 23-35, pages 51-106, January 10, 1912-August 11, 1912
Folder 4 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 36-49, pages 1-57, January 12, 1912-January 23, 1912
Folder 5 Extracts, Hearings Nos. 53, pages 1-10, October 25, 1899-February 6, 1900
Folder 6 Steel Suit, Newspaper Clippings, August 6, 1911-August 12, 1911
Folder 7 Steel Suit, Newspaper Clippings, March 8, 1913-March 14, 1913
Folder 8 Steel Suit, Correspondence in regard to Congdon Letter, January 20, 1913-March 15, 1913
Folder 9 Steel Suits, Option, May 20, 1913
Folder 10 Steel Suits, Stock in American Can and Cambria Steel Company, March 6, 1913-March 13, 1913
Folder 11 Steel Suits, Subpoena Matters, March 5, 1913-March 15, 1915
Folder 12 Suit Research Material, March 2, 1901-February 31, 1913
Folder 13 Steel Suit, Petition, undated