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Subseries 2. Anzio Cemetery Project, 1949-1955

Scope and Content Notes:

The World War II Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial, built in Italy to commemorate Americans who died during the liberation of Axis Nation Italy, was directed by the United States War Commission, which oversaw the overall design, construction, sculpture, and landscaping work necessary for the site. A wide central mall leads to the memorial, adorned with works of art and architecture, emblematic of America's reverence for the fallen war dead. Architects for the cemetery and memorial were Gugler, Kimball and Husted of New York City. Ralph Griswold was tapped by the commission to act as landscape architect; this became his first major landscaping work overseas. Griswold spent much of his time drawing plans, developing planting plans, writing and answering correspondence, and working with the War Commission in efforts to construct the memorial.

Griswold designed the entrance road to the Anzio Cemetery, lining the path with neatly-trimmed hedges. There is a large elliptical shaped reflecting pool with a small island at its center. Griswold chose to plant several Italian cypress trees which flank the stone cenotaph on the island. Evergreen holly oak trees and hedges line the wide grassy mall through the graves area from the reflecting pool to the memorial. The larger garden north of the memorial is planted with beds of polyanthus roses, geraniums, white oleander, purple bougainvillea and other flowers in parterre arrangements. The permanent cemetery and memorial were completed in 1956. The material in this subseries dates from 1949 to 1955.


Box 13
Folder 1 Anzio Cemetery, Correspondence, 1949-1955
Folder 2-6 Anzio Cemetery, Correspondence, 1950

Box 14
Folder 1 Anzio Cemetery, Plans and Blueprints, 1950-1951
Folder 2 Anzio Cemetery, Correspondence, 1951
Folder 3 Anzio Cemetery, Correspondence and Plan, 1952
Folder 4 Anzio Cemetery, Correspondence, 1953-1956
Folder 5 Anzio Cemetery, Inspection and Photographs, 1966-1968
Folder 6 Anzio Cemetery Letters, Photographs, Postcards, and News Clippings, 1952-1965