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Subseries 4. Bonding

Scope and Content Notes:

Under SMCRA, mining companies are required to pay a per-acre performance bond on all mined land. If the company fails to restore the land according to the standards outlined by SMCRA, the bond is forfeit and used to cover the cost of reclamation. Cleanup then falls to the "regulatory authority", which is either a state program or the OSM under a federal program. Some states have opted for a "bond pool" or "reclamation fund" instead of the usual performance bond system, which is permissible so long as the fund generates enough money to fully cover the cost of reclamation.

Many environmental groups found that performance bonds and bond pools were inadequate and poorly utilized and accused OSM and other regulatory authorities of failing to follow SMCRA guidelines. This led to extensive lawsuits throughout the 1980s and late 1990s, often involving multiple plaintiffs and defendants.


Box 12
Folder 1 Applicant Violator System (AVS)
Folder 2 Reg- 8 Oversight of State Regulatory Programs
Folder 3 Review of Bonding System
Folder 4 Coal Forfeiture Sites
Folder 5 Bonding- Articles/Clippings/News releases
Folder 6 Bonding Legislation, 1980s
Folder 7 Full Cost Bonding Draft, 1999
Folder 8 Bonding Suits, 1980s
Folder 9 Bonding Suits (PFSC v. Hess), 1999-2002
Folder 10 Research- Bonding Permits by State, 1987
Folder 11 Bonding Suit Mailing Lists, 1999
Folder 12 Suit Against OSM-2003 (PA Bond Program Approval)
Folder 13 Correspondence- Bonding, 1999-2003
Folder 14 Alternative Bonding System 1991 (Justification for 1999 suit)
Folder 15 Bonding Suits
Folder 16 Bonding Suits (Penn Future/DEP), 1999
Folder 17 Bonding Suits (Penn Future/DEP), 1999-2002
Folder 18 Bonding Legislation Research, 1999-2000
Folder 19 Bonding Suit- 1981
Folder 20 Reports on Bonding by DEP, 1985
Folder 21 Witness Questionnaires, 1999-2000
Folder 22 PFSC, et al. v. Norton, et al., 2005
Folder 23 Abandoned Mined Lands (AML)
Folder 24-25 AML Program/Fund
Folder 26 Abandoned Mined Lands/ Acid Mine Drainage
Folder 27 HB 1427 Mine Drainage Cleanup Act, 1997
Folder 28 Acid Mine Drainage Workshop, 1994