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Subseries 2. Sex Discrimination in the Work Place

Scope and Content Notes:

Sex discrimination in the workplace, specifically in job advertisements, hiring, and actual positions held once hired, was a particular interest of Evansgardner and Gardner and they participated in several court cases surrounding these issues. Most notable are NOW v. Pittsburgh Press, Cease v. A & P, Weeks v. Bell, and Sharon Johnson v. University of Pittsburgh. NOW v. Pittsburgh Press was a court case in the early 1970’s dealing with sex discrimination in want ads. NOW fought to compel the Pittsburgh Press to eliminate discriminatory headings because want ads were being published under headings listing gender qualifications and, within these headings, were stereotypical job ads. For example, technical jobs were listed under the "Male" heading while clerical jobs were listed under the "Female" heading. On the rare occasion that a job was listed under both headings, there were significant differences in pay scales. Cease v. A & P and Weeks v. Bell were two cases, also in the 1970’s, in which women were being discriminated against after they were hired. The two companies were discriminating in the areas of: job classification, compensation, seniority, promotions, scheduling and overtime, benefits and terms and conditions of employment. Sharon Johnson v. University of Pittsburgh was a case in the 1970’s concerning the issue of tenure denial based on gender. This subseries includes research, correspondence, laws, ordinances and guidelines, press, and statements and positions.

Folder 21 Correspondence and Clippings, 1969-1970
Folder 22-27 Reports on the Division of Employment Advertisements Based on Sex, 1969-1970
Folder 28 Pittsburgh Press Correspondence and Clippings, 1972
Folder 29 Pitt News Announcement and Advertisements, 1969
Folder 30-33 Clippings- Employment Discrimination Based on Sex, 1969-1972
Folder 34-35 New York Times Clippings, 1971-1975

Box 25
Folder 01-05 Clippings- Employment Discrimination Based on Sex, 1969-1972
Folder 06-10 Documentation, Correspondence and Articles about Sex Discrimination in Want Ads, 1969
Folder 11-13 Female Government Employee Studies, 1967-1968
Folder 14 Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, Correspondence, 1969
Folder 15 Letters to Local Corporations Who Place Help Wanted Ads, 1969
Folder 16 Gerry Gardner to the Editor of the Pittsburgh Press, 1971
Folder 17 Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission to Pennsylvania Governor, 1973
Folder 18 Letters to Pittsburgh Press, 1969-1970
Folder 19 Gerry Gardner to University of Pittsburgh, 1969-1973
Folder 20 Want-Ad Segregation across U.S., 1973-1974
Folder 21 Ordinances and Guidelines, 1969
Folder 22 Pittsburgh Ordinance, 1969
Folder 23 Case Judgment, 1971
Folder 24 Supreme Court and Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania Decision, 1971-1973
Folder 25 Common Pleas Court of Allegheny County Decision, 1971-1972
Folder 26 Human Relations Ordinances, 1967
Folder 27-28 Employment Discrimination Ordinances from Other Cities, 1969
Folder 29-31 Legislation, 1965-1970

Box 26
Folder 1 Sex Discrimination, 1969
Folder 2 U.S. House Bills and Petitions, 1969
Folder 3 History of Pittsburgh Press Case, 1985
Folder 4 Demonstration Handout, 1969
Folder 05-10 Correspondence and Clippings Concerning Case, 1969-1972
Folder 11 Pittsburgh Press Exhibit, 1969
Folder 12 Gerald H.F. Gardner Law Correspondence and Statements, 1974
Folder 13 EEOC Guidelines, 1967-1969
Folder 14 NOW Report to the Human Relations Commission, 1969
Folder 15-20 Legal correspondence and Petitions, 1972-1977
Folder 21 A & P Seniority Lists, 1972
Folder 22 Mailing Lists, 1977
Folder 23 Phone Lists, undated
Folder 24 Pamphlets, 1978
Folder 25 Records of Meetings, 1972
Folder 26-29 Correspondence Regarding Case, 1972-1978
Folder 30 Clippings and Newsletters, 1979
Folder 31 Case Notes, 1978
Folder 32 CEASE Public Relations, 1978
Folder 33 PHRC Reports and Correspondence, 1978
Folder 34 Legal Documents, 1972
Folder 35 National Labor Relations Board, undated

Box 27
Folder 1 Equal Employment Study, 1968
Folder 2 Federal Contract Compliance Orders, 1969
Folder 03-04 EEOC v. AT&T, 1970
Folder 5 AT&T Rates and Employment for Pittsburgh, 1970
Folder 6 Case Statement, Bell Telephone, 1971
Folder 7 Supervisors Training, 1970
Folder 8 Action Coordinators, 1970
Folder 9 Helen Reig Correspondence, 1971
Folder 10 George Sape Correspondence, 1971
Folder 11 Case Planning Notes, 1971
Folder 12 Protest Mailings, 1971
Folder 13 NOW Plan for Case, 1971
Folder 14 Documents, Correspondence, and Memos, 1971
Folder 15 Decision, 1971

Section: Press Releases ,1971

Folder 17 Clippings, 1971-1973
Folder 18 NOW Chapter Actions, 1971
Folder 19 Bell Telephone Company of PA, 1971-1974
Folder 20 Telephone Rate Structure Report, 1972
Folder 21 Affirmation Action Plan for SW PA Bell, 1972
Folder 22 Utility Complaint Forms, 1972
Folder 23 Correspondence and Settlement Documents, 1973
Folder 24 PHRC v. Rueben H. Donnelly Corporation and Bell Telephone, 1973
Folder 25 NOW against Phone Company Discrimination, 1971
Folder 26 Bell Affirmation Action Model Plan, 1973
Folder 27 Statement, 1970
Folder 28 AT&T Information, 1970
Folder 29 Nelson, Bell Telephone Co. Conciliation Agreement, 1973
Folder 30 Legal Documents, 1973
Folder 31-32 Court Records, 1973-1977
Folder 33 Heinz Letter for Sharon Johnson, 1971
Folder 34-38 Correspondence and Clippings, 1971-1977
Folder 39 Ina Braden, 1967
Folder 40 Hew Clippings, 1971
Folder 41 Committee for Affirmative Action in Universities, 1975