search terms in context | full text File Size: 2973 K bytes | Add this to my bookbag

 

Subseries 1. Equal Rights Act

Scope and Content Notes:

In 1923, the Equal Rights Act (ERA) was written by Alice Paul, head of the National Women’s Party, and introduced into Congress by Senator Curtis and Representative Anthony later that year. The ERA was written in response to the 14th Amendment that granted equal rights to all men, but because of wording did not include women. It was reintroduced in every session of Congress from 1923 to 1970 and was buried or defeated every year. In 1971, the House of Representatives finally approved ERA without amendments, but the Senate did not approve it until 1972. Congress agreed to set an arbitrary time limit of seven years for ratification by the states. After much political action by NOW and other women’s groups, the deadline for ratification was extended to June 30, 1982. On the deadline date, ERA was stopped three states short of ratification. Because these three states failed to ratify ERA there is no federal protection for equal rights, and the bill is currently reintroduced into Congress every year. This subseries includes information on the Equal Rights Amendment, 1968-1982. Materials included are briefings, positions and statements from legislators, testimonies, mailings and correspondence, publications, newsclippings, and information from campaigns and rallies attempting to extend the deadline for ratification.

Folder 19 House and Senate Votes, 1971
Folder 20 HJ Resolution 208, 1971
Folder 21 Harrisburg Hearing Notes, 1971
Folder 22 Amendment Analysis, 1976-1978
Folder 23 ERA Briefing, 1978
Folder 24 Bayh Amendment, 1978
Folder 25 Legal History, 1973-1975
Folder 26 Illinois Laws and Legislators, 1979
Folder 27 Division 35 and ERA, 1978
Folder 28 McGovern and ERA, 1972
Folder 29 Names and Issues in senate, 1978
Folder 30 House Resolution 638, 1978
Folder 31 Letters to State Congressmen, 1978
Folder 32 Tally Sheet, 1978
Folder 33 Senate Voting Records, 1978
Folder 34 Letters From Legislators, 1978
Folder 35 ERA Extension Resolution, 1978
Folder 36 Correspondence Between Legislators and NOW, 1978
Folder 37 Bumpers Mailing, 1978-1979
Folder 38 Mailing Lists, 1978
Folder 39 ERA Congressional Remarks, 1970-1978

Box 22
Folder 01-05 Testimonies
Folder 6 John Mack Carter, 1970
Folder 7 Norman Dorsen, 1970
Folder 8 Catherine East, 1970
Folder 9 Thomas Emerson, 1970
Folder 10 Carol Forbes, 1970
Folder 11 Paul Freund, 1970
Folder 12 Fred Harris, 1972

Section: S.I. Hayakawa

Folder 14 Aileen Hernandez, 1971
Folder 15 Leo Kanowitz, 1970
Folder 16 Elizabeth Koonts, 1972
Folder 17 Judith L. Laws, 1971
Folder 18 Margery C. Leonard, 1970
Folder 19 Ethel Ernest Murrell, 1970
Folder 20 Ester Polen, 1972
Folder 21 Marguerite Rawalt, 1970
Folder 22 Bernice Sandler, 1970
Folder 23 Other Testimonies, 1977-1978
Folder 24 ERA Supporters/Extension Boycotts, 1978
Folder 25-26 Various Mailings, 1970-1972
Folder 27 Public Relations, 1976
Folder 28 Support Correspondence, 1976
Folder 29 Mailing Campaign, 1978
Folder 30-31 ERA and the Draft, 1971
Folder 32 ERA Impact, 1971
Folder 33 Matter of Justice and ERA, 1971-1972
Folder 34 ERA Ratification, 1972
Folder 35 National Now Efforts, 1972-1974
Folder 36 Recession, 1974
Folder 37 More Perfect Union, The Report of the National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year, 1976

Box 23
Folder 1 The Humanist, 1978
Folder 2 ERA Reports, 1978
Folder 3 Media Campaign, 1978
Folder 4 Issue Information, 1978
Folder 5 Protective Laws, 1978
Folder 6 ERA State of Emergency, 1979
Folder 7 Is ERA Necessary?, 1979
Folder 8 ERA Missionary Project, 1982
Folder 9 New York Times Magazine, 1970
Folder 10-12 Passage and Ratification Clippings, 1970-1978
Folder 13-14 Extension Clippings, 1978
Folder 15 Editorials, 1974-1975
Folder 16 Articles, 1986-1987
Folder 17 Position Papers, 1970
Folder 18-19 Anti-ERA Information, 1973-1979
Folder 20-21 APA Conventions and Campaigns, 1975-1978
Folder 22-23 Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Bills of Special Interest to Women, 1971
Folder 24 ERA and Catholics, 1978
Folder 25 Council for Women’s Rights, 1978
Folder 26 Homemakers and ERA, 1978
Folder 27 KNOW and ERA, 1970
Folder 28 Male VIP’s, 1970
Folder 29 ERA and Mormons, 1979-1981

Section: Nebraska NOW

Section: RA NOW YES

Folder 32 NOW and Politics, 1975
Folder 33 NOW ERA Countdown Campaign, 1982

Box 24
Folder 1 State of Emergency Campaign, Washington, 1978
Folder 2 Permission Forms, 1978
Folder 03-04 Pennsylvania Campaign, 1973-1978
Folder 5 Professional Women’s Caucus, 1970
Folder 6 ERA and Religion, 1973
Folder 7 Richmond Bus, 1978
Folder 8 Missouri NOW ERA Lawsuit, 1978
Folder 09-10 Campaign at State Levels, 1974
Folder 11 Social Action, 1978
Folder 12 Social Security, 1973
Folder 13 Supporters, 1974
Folder 14 Unions, 1974
Folder 15 Oklahoma Campaign, 1982
Folder 16 Equal Rights, 1968-1970
Folder 17 Ratification Groups, 1968-1972
Folder 18 May 7th Demonstration, 1969
Folder 19 March on the Post Office, 1978
Folder 20 July 9th Demonstration, 1979