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Series XVI. Jellico Coal Lands, 1903-1943

Historical Background

The Jellico Coal Lands consisted of over 9,000 acres of property near Williamsburg, Whitley County, Kentucky. The land was previously owned by the Faraday Coal & Coke Company, a West Virginia corporation. Henry Clay Frick, having interests in coal and coke, owned the majority share of the Faraday Company. Over the years, Frick occasionally loaned money to Faraday to purchase additional coal lands. By 1910, the company accumulated over $100,000 indebtedness to Frick. To payoff some of the debt, the company handed over to Frick much of its Jellico coal property in Kentucky.

Upon Frick’s death in 1919, his estate acquired the full ownership of the property. In the 1920s, the land was deeded to Princeton, Harvard, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, each owning a portion. The new owners began to lease the property to companies that were interested in the land’s natural resources like coal, timber, oil, and gas. In the 1930s, property taxes and expenses became a serious burden. On May 26, 1933, the three institutions conveyed the property to nearby Cumberland College. The property was not much of a financial gain for the institutions, but helped the advancement of higher education, a cause to which Frick frequently donated. Acquiring the land allowed the Cumberland students to expand their agricultural studies program.

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains records that pertain to the Jellico coal lands and date from 1903 to 1943, but the majority date from 1903 to 1927. The materials are arranged into three subseries: Administrative Records, Legal Material and Correspondence. The Administrative Records subseries mostly consists of reports, statements, and miscellaneous notes. The Legal Material subseries documents information regarding property expenses, leases, taxes, and agreements. There are also reports that describe tracts of coal and timber. In addition, there are reports on different companies like the Jellico Coal Mining Company, Bon Jellico Coal Company, and the Kentucky Lumber Company. The Correspondence comprises the majority of this series and includes original letters, carbon copies, telegrams, and handwritten notes. The letters document the business matters, property assessments, attorney services, taxes, and lease matters.

Subseries 1. Administrative Records, 1908-1936

Scope and Content Notes:

These records mostly consist of reports, statements, and miscellaneous dated and undated notes. There are clippings that relate to oil and gas developments in Whitley County, Kentucky. The remaining folders contain statements and maps. The materials date from 1908 to 1936.


Box 550
Folder 1 Agreements, March 1912-July 1927
Folder 2 Clippings, November 6, 1920-August 14, 1930
Folder 3 Court Briefs, October 8, 1923
Folder 4 Commonwealth v. Louisville Property Company, April 29, 1908-January 7, 1910
Folder 5 Deeds, November 10, 1911-May 1915
Folder 6 Deeds, April 17-May 26, 1933
Folder 7 Fraudulent Consequences, undated
Folder 8 H.C. Frick Jellico Coal Lands, March 16, 1911-March 21, 1916
Folder 9 Jellico Property Coal Selections, March 14, 1910
Folder 10 Ky. Laws as to Foreign Corp., undated
Folder 11 “Large Operators of Kentucky.” The Coal Trade Journal, October 28, 1914
Folder 12 List of Abstracts for Kentucky Lands, May 13, 1925
Folder 13 Louisville School Board v. King, January 22, 1908
Folder 14 Memoranda and Notes, December 1913- June 1932
Folder 15-16 Misc. Administrative Notes, undated
Folder 17 Misc. Legal Notes, undated
Folder 18 Maps, 1913-1922
Folder 19 Maps, undated
Folder 20 Output by Kentucky Coal Companies, 1912-1913
Folder 21 Pleas Walker Expenses, 1929, 1930
Folder 22 Reports, February 12, 1917-September 15, 1920
Folder 23 Financial Statements, October 31, 1934-October 31, 1936
Folder 24 Tax Matters, 1917-1922
Folder 25 Tax Matters, 1923-1925

Subseries 2. Legal Material, 1908-1936

Scope and Content Notes:

The legal material consists of agreements, court briefs, deeds, abstract land titles, and tax material in relation to the Jellico Coal Lands. The majority of the material consists of abstract land titles and Whitley County leases. The land titles are a history of a particular property and they provide information on the title of owner, number of acres, survey, land description, and drawings. The titles cover a large time period, from the ninetieth to the early part of the twentieth century. In addition to general material, Abstract Number 54 contains copies from the Board of Directors resolution dated December 15, 1910 and February 23, 1911, as well as copies of the deed for the Faraday Coal & Coke Company. Following the abstracts are leases which pertain to Faraday Coal & Coke Company, H.C. Frick, and the H.C. Frick Estate. The leases are arranged in numerical order.


Box 551
Folder 1 Abstract No. 1, Daniel Cox
Folder 2 Abstract No. 2, Nathan Shelly
Folder 3 Abstract No. 3, A.J. Shelly
Folder 4 Abstract No. 4, Emby F. Shelly
Folder 5 Abstract No. 5, W.B. Croley
Folder 6 Abstract No. 6, A.B. Cox
Folder 7 Abstract No. 7, Andrew C. Griffits
Folder 8 Abstract No. 8, Henry Grear
Folder 9 Abstract No. 9, John G. Wilson
Folder 10 Abstract No. 10, Lewis C. Prewitt
Folder 11 Abstract No. 11, Sampson Davenport
Folder 12 Abstract No. 12, Mt. Morgan Coal Company
Folder 13 Abstract No. 13, Charles M. Davis
Folder 14 Abstract No. 14, Sherod Marlow
Folder 15 Abstract No. 15, Mt. Morgan Coal Company
Folder 16 Abstract No. 16, Mt. Morgan Coal Company
Folder 17 Abstract No. 17, Thomas O’Mara
Folder 18 Abstract No. 18, G.C. & W.L. Moore
Folder 19 Abstract No. 19, W.L. Moore
Folder 20 Abstract No. 20, A.P. Harman
Folder 21 Abstract No. 21, Elijah Lundy
Folder 22 Abstract No. 22, Thomas Owens
Folder 23 Abstract No. 23, R.C. Jones
Folder 24 Abstract No. 24, G.P. Rose
Folder 25 Abstract No. 25, Bird R. Holt
Folder 26 Abstract No. 26, Jellico Mt. Coal Company
Folder 27 Abstract No. 27, Tandy Gallamore
Folder 28 Abstract No. 28, R.D. Hill & L.D. Denhan
Folder 29 Abstract No. 29, J.P. Owens
Folder 30 Abstract No. 30, T.F. Owens
Folder 31 Abstract No. 31, H.F. Finely
Folder 32 Abstract No. 32, H.F. Finely
Folder 33 Abstract No. 33, H.F. Finely
Folder 34 Abstract No. 34, H.F. Finely
Folder 35 Abstract No. 35, H.F. Finely
Folder 36 Abstract No. 36, J.L. Brassfield
Folder 37 Abstract No. 37, Henry C. Davis
Folder 38 Abstract No. 38, Jeremiah Collins
Folder 39 Abstract No. 39, Boyd, Boreing, and Hill
Folder 40 Abstract No. 40, J.T. Freeman
Folder 41 Abstract No. 41, Clapp
Folder 42 Abstract No. 42, A. and Joseph Gatliff
Folder 43 Abstract No. 43, Hill, Boyd, Boreing, and Siler
Folder 44 Abstract No. 44, Jeremiah Jones
Folder 45 Abstract No. 45, M.E. Mahan
Folder 46 Abstract No. 46, A. Maham

Box 552
Folder 1 Abstract No. 47, J.P. Mahan and others
Folder 2 Abstract No. 48, John Smith
Folder 3 Abstract No. 49, J.T. Freeman
Folder 4 Abstract No. 50, G.W. Sproul
Folder 5 Abstract No. 51, J.W. Siler and R.D. Hill
Folder 6 Abstract No. 52, Williamsburg and Jellico Mt. Coal Company
Folder 7 Abstract No. 53, D.F. Bunch
Folder 8 Abstract No. 54, Faraday Coal and Coke Company
Folder 9 Lease No. 1, 1905-1925
Folder 10 Lease No. 2, 1906-1924
Folder 11 Lease No. 3, 1903-1923
Folder 12 Lease No. 4, 1905-1925
Folder 13 Lease No. 5, 1903-1907
Folder 14 Lease No. 6, 1903-1925
Folder 15 Lease No. 7, 1906-1920
Folder 16 Lease No. 8, 1905-1925
Folder 17 Lease No. 9, 1903-1925
Folder 18 Lease No. 10 and 10A, 1903-1925
Folder 19 Lease No. 10 B, 1911-1925
Folder 20 Lease No. 11, 1903-1925

Box 553
Folder 1 Lease No. 12, 1904-1925
Folder 2 Lease No. 13, 1903-1925
Folder 3 Lease No. 14, 1906-1925
Folder 4 Lease No. 15, 1903-1925
Folder 5 Lease No. 16, 1903-1925
Folder 6 Lease No. 17, 1903-1923
Folder 7 Lease No. 18, 1903-1924
Folder 8 Lease No. 19, 1903-1925
Folder 9 Lease No. 20, 1903-1914
Folder 10 Lease No. 21, 1903-1925
Folder 11 Lease No. 22, 1904-1925

Box 554
Folder 1 Lease No. 23, 1905-1922
Folder 2 Lease No. 24, 1905-1923
Folder 3 Lease No. 25, 1912-1925
Folder 4 Lease No. 26, 1915-1920
Folder 5 Lease No. 27, 1911-1925
Folder 6 Lease No. 28, 1911-1925
Folder 7 Lease Matters, 1925-1932
Folder 8 Misc. Lease Matters, 1904-1906

Subseries 3. Correspondence, 1910-1943

Scope and Content Notes:

These correspondence pertain to the Jellico coal lands and business activities. The correspondence subseries contains original letters, carbon copies, telegrams, and handwritten notes. There are also copies of agreements, leases, and deeds within some of the letters. These documents were placed in the correspondence subseries because they were originally attached to many of the letters. The correspondence typically consists of letters between A.G. Russell (agent looking after the property for Frick), Tye & Siler (attorneys), and Karl F. Overholt (represented the agent in connection with the property). There are also letters concerning the affairs relating to the property business matters, property assessment, attorney services, taxes, and lease matters. In the 1920s, when the estate deeded the property to Princeton, Harvard, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, A. G. Russell’s service was terminated as a property agent. There is some correspondence from him after 1925, but only because his services were needed for special issues regarding pending court cases.

The new owners appointed the Union Trust Company of Pittsburgh as their agent. The Union Trust then hired Charles F. Chubb as the agent for the property. The letters are incoming and outgoing correspondence with the Union Trust Company, C.F. Chubb, K.F. Overholt, and other persons involved in business related activities. There is also correspondence from companies like the Harmount & Woolf Tie Company and the Bon Jellico Coal Company. Both of these companies had interest in the property’s natural resources. Correspondence after May 1933 reflects when the land changed owners again. Most of the correspondence consists of letters to and from Chubb and the attorneys for Tye, Siler, and Gillis. The correspondence is arranged chronologically.

Folder 9 Correspondence, October 31-December 6, 1910
Folder 10 Correspondence, December 8-December 24, 1910
Folder 11 Correspondence, December 29, 1910-January 6, 1911
Folder 12 Correspondence, January 7-February 13, 1911
Folder 13 Correspondence, February 21-March 22, 1911
Folder 14 Correspondence, March 23-April 3, 1911
Folder 15 Correspondence, April 7-June 26, 1911
Folder 16 Correspondence, July 3-September 27, 1911
Folder 17 Correspondence, October 7-November 7, 1911
Folder 18 Correspondence, November 13-22, 1911
Folder 19 Correspondence, December 8-19, 1911
Folder 20 Correspondence, January 10-February 26, 1912
Folder 21 Correspondence, March 14-May 6, 1912
Folder 22 Correspondence, May 11-23, 1912
Folder 23 Correspondence, May 24-31, 1912
Folder 24 Correspondence, June 3-10, 1912
Folder 25 Correspondence, July 9-August 12, 1912
Folder 26 Correspondence, August 15, 1912-March 5, 1913

Box 555
Folder 1 Correspondence, March 7-July 7, 1913
Folder 2 Correspondence, December 6, 1913-February 28, 1914
Folder 3 Correspondence, March 9-May 23, 1914
Folder 4 Correspondence, June 29-September 9, 1914
Folder 5 Correspondence, October 16-23, 1914
Folder 6 Correspondence, October 26-November 4, 1914
Folder 7 Correspondence, November 6-December 30, 1914
Folder 8 Correspondence, January 2-19, 1915
Folder 9 Correspondence, January 20-February 8, 1915
Folder 10 Correspondence, February 19-April 20, 1915
Folder 11 Correspondence, April 22-April 26, 1915
Folder 12 Correspondence, April 27-May 13, 1915
Folder 13 Correspondence, May 13-May 28, 1915
Folder 14 Correspondence, June 15-June 30, 1915
Folder 15 Correspondence, July 1-16, 1915
Folder 16 Correspondence, July 19-August 12, 1915
Folder 17 Correspondence, September 20-November 20, 1915
Folder 18 Correspondence, November 23-December 22, 1915
Folder 19 Correspondence, January 6-12, 1916
Folder 20 Correspondence, January 14-March 17, 1916
Folder 21 Correspondence, March 20-May 6, 1916
Folder 22 Correspondence, May 11-July 17, 1916
Folder 23 Correspondence, August 7-September 9, 1916
Folder 24 Correspondence, October 3-December 11, 1916
Folder 25 Correspondence, December 12, 1916-January 5, 1917
Folder 26 Correspondence, January 6-9, 1917
Folder 27 Correspondence, January 24-29, 1917
Folder 28 Correspondence, February 3-13, 1917

Box 556
Folder 1 Correspondence, February 23-26, 1917
Folder 2 Correspondence, March 1-14, 1917
Folder 3 Correspondence, March 17-23, 1917
Folder 4 Correspondence, March 24-April 20, 1917
Folder 5 Correspondence, September 13-October 1, 1917
Folder 6 Correspondence, October 4-November 21, 1917
Folder 7 Correspondence, November 24-30, 1917
Folder 8 Correspondence, December 3-31, 1917
Folder 9 Correspondence, January 3-7, 1918
Folder 10 Correspondence, January 10-16, 1918
Folder 11 Correspondence, January 17-February 9, 1918
Folder 12 Correspondence, February 12-23, 1918
Folder 13 Correspondence, February 28-March 6, 1918
Folder 14 Correspondence, March 16-29, 1918
Folder 15 Correspondence, April 1-July 22, 1918
Folder 16 Correspondence, August 15-September 30, 1918
Folder 17 Correspondence, October 19-November 23, 1918
Folder 18 Correspondence, November 26-December 9, 1918
Folder 19 Correspondence, January 6-February 17, 1919
Folder 20 Correspondence, March 5-April 10, 1919
Folder 21 Correspondence, May 13-July 26, 1919
Folder 22 Correspondence, August 5-November 7, 1919
Folder 23 Correspondence, January 1-10, 1920
Folder 24 Correspondence, January 12-21, 1920
Folder 25 Correspondence, February 26-April 9, 1920
Folder 26 Correspondence, April 13-June 21, 1920
Folder 27 Correspondence, June 26-August 6, 1920
Folder 28 Correspondence, August 10-13, 1920
Folder 29 Correspondence, August 14-31, 1920
Folder 30 Correspondence, September 1-17, 1920

Box 557
Folder 1 Correspondence, September 18-27, 1920
Folder 2 Correspondence, September 29-October 3, 1920
Folder 3 Correspondence, October 4-20, 1920
Folder 4 Correspondence, October 23-November 12, 1920
Folder 5 Correspondence, November 15-30, 1920
Folder 6 Correspondence, December 1-16, 1920
Folder 7 Correspondence, December 20, 1920-January 18, 1921
Folder 8 Correspondence, January 24-March 2, 1921
Folder 9 Correspondence, March 14-May 12, 1921
Folder 10 Correspondence, April 2-16, 1921
Folder 11 Correspondence, April 19-May 4, 1921
Folder 12 Correspondence, May 5-September 22, 1921
Folder 13 Correspondence, September 29-November 19, 1921
Folder 14 Correspondence, December 1-20, 1921
Folder 15 Correspondence, December 22, 1921-February 10, 1922
Folder 16 Correspondence, March 6-27, 1922
Folder 17 Correspondence, May 12, 1922, May 13, 1922
Folder 18 Correspondence, May 18-24, 1922
Folder 19 Correspondence, June 5-22, 1922
Folder 20 Correspondence, July 11-December 26, 1922
Folder 21 Correspondence, May 23-July 26, 1923
Folder 22 Correspondence, August 14-October 30, 1923
Folder 23 Correspondence, November 1, 1923-February 18, 1924
Folder 24 Correspondence, February 27-April 21, 1924
Folder 25 Correspondence, May 28-June 4, 1924
Folder 26 Correspondence, July 8, 1924-August 28, 1924
Folder 27 Correspondence, August 31-December 18, 1924
Folder 28 Correspondence, January 6-May 11, 1925
Folder 29 Correspondence, May 13-27, 1925
Folder 30 Correspondence, May 28-June 18, 1925
Folder 31 Correspondence, June 20-August 22, 1925
Folder 32 Correspondence, October 2-26, 1925

Box 558
Folder 1 Correspondence, September 11-November 23, 1925
Folder 2 Correspondence, December 3-30, 1925
Folder 3 Correspondence, December 31, 1925-January 13, 1926
Folder 4 Correspondence, January 15-25, 1926
Folder 5 Correspondence, January 27-February 11, 1926
Folder 6 Correspondence, February 13-March 20, 1926
Folder 7 Correspondence, March 22-March 24, 1926
Folder 8 Correspondence, June 9, 1926
Folder 9 Correspondence, July 1, 1926
Folder 10 Correspondence, April 1-May 1, 1926
Folder 11 Correspondence, May 4-21, 1926
Folder 12 Correspondence, May 24-June 16, 1926
Folder 13 Correspondence, June 17-30, 1926
Folder 14 Correspondence, June 30-August 4, 1926
Folder 15 Correspondence, August 9-24, 1926
Folder 16 Correspondence, August 28-September 9, 1926
Folder 17 Correspondence, September 10-October 9, 1926
Folder 18 Correspondence, October 12-November 9, 1926
Folder 19 Correspondence, November 10-23, 1926
Folder 20 Correspondence, November 24-30, 1926
Folder 21 Correspondence, December 1, 1926-January 22, 1927
Folder 22 Correspondence, January 24-February 23, 1927
Folder 23 Correspondence, February 23-April 8, 1927
Folder 24 Correspondence, May 26-June 29, 1927
Folder 25 Correspondence, July 14-September 13, 1927
Folder 26 Correspondence, September 19, 1927
Folder 27 Correspondence, September 30-October 18, 1927
Folder 28 Correspondence, October 20-December 21, 1927
Folder 29 Correspondence, January 2, 1928-February 8, 1928
Folder 30 Correspondence, February 14-March 1, 1928
Folder 31 Correspondence, June 9-October 16, 1929
Folder 32 Correspondence, January 7-June 30, 1930
Folder 33 Correspondence, September 22-October 3, 1930

Box 559
Folder 1 Correspondence, October 4-November 10, 1930
Folder 2 Correspondence, November 13-December 16, 1930
Folder 3 Correspondence, December 18, 1930-January 6, 1931
Folder 4 Correspondence, January 7-13, 1931
Folder 5 Correspondence, January 14-March 11, 1931
Folder 6 Correspondence, February 3-December 17, 1931
Folder 7 Correspondence, January 7-20, 1932
Folder 8 Correspondence, June 28-November 17, 1932
Folder 9 Correspondence, January 10, 1933
Folder 10 Correspondence, January 16-February 23, 1933
Folder 11 Correspondence, February 21-March 20, 1933
Folder 12 Correspondence, March 22-April 6, 1933
Folder 13 Correspondence, April 10-May 2, 1933
Folder 14 Correspondence, May 18-June 28, 1933
Folder 15 Correspondence, July 7, 1933-January 5, 1934
Folder 16 Correspondence, October 30, 1934-August 16, 1943