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Series VII. Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company, 1901-1904

Historical Background

Henry Clay Frick’s interest in Clairton, Pa., began when he prospected and chose the land in the late 1890s for its convenience to various water and railroad transportation networks and the potential profitability as a site for extensive industries. Frick purchased 700 acres in Clairton, from the original owners James P. Wylie, Samuel P. Lange and other small plot owners. The land was located along the bank of the Monongahela River near the extensive Clairton Steel Company plant. Frick conveyed the land to the St. Clair Improvement Company on June 14, 1901. By July 26th of that year, plans for a large manufacturing plant, rental lots, and houses were submitted to the public for purchase.

The Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company purchased the land from the St. Clair Improvement Company to build their facilities. The company incorporated on August 5, 1901 with a purposed mission of “mining clays, sand and stone; manufacturing the same into building materials and other articles of commerce… and selling said clays, sand and stone in crude or manufactured form.” The first major stockholders in the company were Reuben Miller, Jr. and Charles E. Clapp. However, within a year new stockholders would join the company, including William H. Smith, a business associate of Henry Clay Frick, and A.G. Wilson, a key player in the sale of the Clairton Street Railway Company. The St. Clair Improvement Company also owned a large portion of shares after that first year.

By 1904 the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company experienced financial hardships. A letter to the stockholders explained that, “the affairs of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company have reached a climax. The banks have refused to renew notes….” It also goes on to provide reasons for the company’s failure since the business was not located on the main railway line and the town was not building at a rate that the company could produce brick. In July of that year, the company when into foreclosure and was turned over to D.W. Dunlevy. By October, Dunlevy had sold the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company property at auction.

Scope and Content Notes:

The series is divided into four subseries: Correspondence, Financial Material, Administrative Records, and Bound Volumes. The Correspondence Subseries contains mostly incoming correspondence of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company, along with a few outgoing letters. Much of the subject matter concerns business activities, including ordering and shipping of materials. The Financial Material subseries deals with the financial concerns of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company and includes balance sheets, weekly reports, receipts and bills, and order forms. Materials in the Administrative Records subseries consist of information on meetings, federal taxes, contracts, and agreements for the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company. The Bound Volumes subseries documents the financial activities of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company and include a ledger, journal, letterpress copybook, meeting minutes, and bank books. The delivery book provides information on where bricks were sent, number of bricks sent, and the purchase price. The materials in this series date from 1901 to 1904.

Note: Letters to Reuben Miller can be found in the H.C. Frick Coke Company letterpress copybooks. He was president of Crescent Steel Company and Bank of Pittsburgh. However, the records of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company reveal that there is also a Reuben Miller, Sr. and it cannot be determined which Reuben Miller Frick associated with at the H.C. Frick Coke Company.

Subseries 1. Correspondence, 1901-1904

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries contains the majority of incoming correspondence of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company, although some outgoing letters can be found. Much of the subject matter concerns business activities, including ordering and shipping of materials. Companies that corresponded with Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company include the Standard Dry Kiln Company, C & A Potts &Company, and Crucible Steel Company of America. Also, each December correspondence exists from the Department of the Interior correspondence requesting clay production from the company for that year. For the year 1904, the majority of the correspondence concerns late payments and potential action brought by companies if Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company did not remit payment. Any undated correspondence is placed in Folder 14. The materials in this subseries date from July 1901 to December 1904.


Box 33
Folder 1 Correspondence, July 18-September 30, 1901
Folder 2 Correspondence, October 9-December 31, 1901
Folder 3 Correspondence, January 6-February 13, 1902
Folder 4 Correspondence, March 3-April 26, 1902
Folder 5 Correspondence, May 6-June 25, 1902
Folder 6 Correspondence, July 2-August 19, 1902
Folder 7 Correspondence, September 12-December 29, 1902
Folder 8 Correspondence, January 1-February 10, 1903
Folder 9 Correspondence, March 4-November 28, 1903
Folder 10 Correspondence, December 3-December 28, 1903
Folder 11 Correspondence, January 1-February 23, 1904
Folder 12 Correspondence, March 4-May 27, 1904
Folder 13 Correspondence, June 1-December 17, 1904
Folder 14 Correspondence, udated
Folder 15 Letterpress Copybook, January 11, 1904-July 7, 1904

Subseries 2. Financial Material, 1901-1904

Scope and Content Notes:

The materials in this subseries concern the financial dealings of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company. Materials include balance sheets, weekly reports, receipts, bills, voucher records, delivery statements, accounts payable vouchers, and order forms. The weekly reports are intermittent and handwritten. This subseries also includes delivery statements of brick orders placed from local towns and neighborhoods, including Homestead, Clairton, and Elizabeth. The delivery statements only encompass a six-month period in 1904. Information on voucher records includes voucher number, date, purpose, amount, and for what office or department received the voucher. The voucher records correspond with the actual accounts payable vouchers that can be found in this subseries. Beginning with Voucher #119, vouchers contain weekly payroll information, which includes a list of employees, hours worked during the week, and pay rate. The vouchers also include bills from various companies doing business with Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company. Although vouchers are arranged numerically, the numbers begin over again. The voucher renumbering had to do with the sale of the company to D.W. Dunlevy in 1904.


Box 34
Folder 1 Balance Sheets, July 13-December 31, 1901
Folder 2 Balance Sheets, January 31-November 30, 1902
Folder 3 Balance Sheets, February 28-December 31, 1903
Folder 4 Balance Sheets, February 22-October 25, 1904
Folder 5 Weekly Reports, January-April 1902
Folder 6 Weekly Reports, May-August 1902
Folder 7 Weekly Reports, September-October 1902
Folder 8 Weekly Reports, November-December 1902
Folder 9 Weekly Reports, January 1903
Folder 10 Weekly Reports, February 1903
Folder 11 Weekly Reports, March 1903
Folder 12 Weekly Reports, April 1903
Folder 13 Weekly Reports, May 1903
Folder 14 Weekly Reports, June 1903
Folder 15 Weekly Reports, July 1903
Folder 16 Weekly Reports, August 1903
Folder 17 Weekly Reports, September 1903
Folder 18 Weekly Reports, October-November 1903
Folder 19 Weekly Reports, December 1903-January 1904
Folder 20 Weekly Reports, February-March 1904
Folder 21 Weekly Reports, April-May 1904
Folder 22 Weekly Reports, June-July 1904
Folder 23 Weekly Reports, August-October 1904

Box 35
Folder 1 Voucher Records, July-September 1901
Folder 2 Voucher Records, October 1901
Folder 3 Voucher Records, November-December 1901
Folder 4 Voucher Records, January 1902
Folder 5 Voucher Records, February 1902
Folder 6 Voucher Records, March-April 1902
Folder 7 Voucher Records, May 1902
Folder 8 Voucher Records, June 1902
Folder 9 Voucher Records, July 1902
Folder 10 Voucher Records, September 1902
Folder 11 Voucher Records, October 1902
Folder 12 Voucher Records, November 1902
Folder 13 Voucher Records, December 1902-February 1903
Folder 14 Voucher Records, March 1903
Folder 15 Voucher Records, April-May 1903
Folder 16 Voucher Records, June 1903
Folder 17 Voucher Records, July-September 1903
Folder 18 Voucher Records, October-December 1903
Folder 19 Voucher Records, January-February 1904
Folder 20 Vouchers, July 30-August 13, 1901
Folder 21 Vouchers, August 15- September 3, 1901
Folder 22 Vouchers, September 3-September 12, 1901
Folder 23 Vouchers, September 14, 1901

Box 36
Folder 1 Vouchers, September 14-September 21, 1901
Folder 2 Vouchers, September 21-December 27, 1901
Folder 3 Vouchers, October 3-11, 1901
Folder 4 Vouchers, October 11-December 31, 1901
Folder 5 Vouchers, December 31, 1901-January 8, 1902
Folder 6 Vouchers, January 8, 1902
Folder 7 Vouchers, January 9, 1902
Folder 8 Vouchers, January 9-10, 1902
Folder 9 Vouchers, January 10-22, 1902
Folder 10 Vouchers, January 22-February 12, 1902
Folder 11 Vouchers, February 13, 1902
Folder 12 Vouchers, February 19-March 8, 1902

Box 37
Folder 1 Vouchers, March 10-April 3, 1902
Folder 2 Vouchers, April 7-June 21, 1902
Folder 3 Vouchers, May 3-June 21, 1902
Folder 4 Vouchers, May 21-June 14, 1902
Folder 5 Vouchers, June 14-21, 1902
Folder 6 Vouchers, June 21-July 21, 1902
Folder 7 Vouchers, July 26, 1902
Folder 8 Vouchers, July 26-August 12, 1902
Folder 9 Vouchers, August 19-25, 1902
Folder 10 Vouchers, August 25-September 3, 1902

Box 38
Folder 1 Vouchers, September 5-20, 1902
Folder 2 Vouchers, September 20-October 3, 1902
Folder 3 Vouchers, October 17-29, 1902
Folder 4 Vouchers, October 29-30, 1902
Folder 5 Vouchers, November 4-19, 1902
Folder 6 Vouchers, November 21-December 19, 1902
Folder 7 Vouchers, November 25-December 19, 1902
Folder 8 Vouchers, January 3-8, 1903
Folder 9 Vouchers, January 8-20, 1903
Folder 10 Vouchers, January 31-February 2, 1903
Folder 11 Vouchers, February 2-24, 1903
Folder 12 Vouchers, February 28-March 18, 1903

Box 39
Folder 1 Vouchers, March 18, 1903
Folder 2 Vouchers, March 18-26, 1903
Folder 3 Vouchers, April 3-18, 1903
Folder 4 Vouchers, April 18-May 20, 1903
Folder 5 Vouchers, May 22-June 9, 1903
Folder 6 Vouchers, June 9-18, 1903
Folder 7 Vouchers, June 18-20, 1903
Folder 8 Vouchers, June 20-July 8, 1903
Folder 9 Vouchers, July 8-20, 1903
Folder 10 Vouchers, July 20-August 19, 1903
Folder 11 Vouchers, August 20-September 12, 1903
Folder 12 Vouchers, September 18-October 15, 1903
Folder 13 Vouchers, October 21-November 12, 1903
Folder 14 Vouchers, November 18-27, 1903

Box 40
Folder 1 Vouchers, November 27-December 21, 1903
Folder 2 Vouchers, December 22, 1903-February 2, 1904
Folder 3 Vouchers, February 8-March 25, 1904
Folder 4 Vouchers, March 28-May 25, 1904
Folder 5 Vouchers, May 27-July 1904
Folder 6 Vouchers, August 6-September 2, 1904
Folder 7 Vouchers, September 2-October 6, 1904
Folder 8 Vouchers, October 6-30, 1904
Folder 9 Vouchers, 1901-1904
Folder 10 Bills, 1901
Folder 11 Bills, 1902
Folder 12 Bills, 1903
Folder 13 Bills, 1904
Folder 14 Delivery Statements, July 14-30, 1904
Folder 15 Delivery Statements, August 1-15, 1904
Folder 16 Delivery Statements, August 16-31, 1904
Folder 17 Delivery Statements, September 1-14, 1904
Folder 18 Delivery Statements, September 19-October 5, 1904
Folder 19 Construction, Liability, Accounts Due Totals, 1902-1904
Folder 20 Brick Manufacturing Totals, January-July 1902
Folder 21 Bricks Sold and Made Totals (intermittent), 1902-1903
Folder 22 Machinery Orders, 1902-1903
Folder 23 Summary of Expenses, September 1, 1902-August 31, 1903
Folder 24 Payroll, November 1903-October 1904
Folder 25 Pay Tickets, December 1903
Folder 26 Time Sheets, 1903-1904

Box 41
Folder 1 Checks, 1903
Folder 2 Cancelled Checks, 1901
Folder 3-5 Cancelled Checks, 1902
Folder 6 Cancelled Checks, 1902-1903
Folder 7 Cancelled Checks, 1903-1904

Box 42
Folder 1 Cancelled Checks, 1903-1904
Folder 2 Accounts Payable, Vouchers (Blank), undated
Folder 3 Account Cards, 1903-1904
Folder 4 Misc. Notes, undated
Folder 5 Journal, September 30, 1901-October 25, 1904

Subseries 3. Administrative Records, 1902-1904

Scope and Content Notes:

Material in this subseries consists of meetings minutes, taxes statements, contracts and agreements between the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company and other local companies. Reports of Loans and Capital Stock include gross earning totals for each year. The materials in this subseries date from 1902 to 1904.

Folder 6 Meetings, (intermittent), 1902-1904
Folder 7 Report of Loans and Capital Stock, 1902
Folder 8 Report of Loans and Capital Stock, 1903
Folder 9 Report of Loans and Capital Stock, 1904
Folder 10 Contracts, 1901-1902
Folder 11 Agreements, 1903-1904
Folder 12 Increase of Capital Stock, June 16, 1902
Folder 13 Business License, August 1, 1904
Folder 14 Insurance Certificates, 1903-1904
Folder 15 Stationary, undated

Subseries 4. Bound Volumes, 1901-1904, undated

Scope and Content Notes:

The bound volumes document to the financial activities of the Clairton Brick & Manufacturing Company and include a ledger, journal, letterpress copybook, meeting minutes, and bank books. The delivery book provides information on where bricks were sent, order amount, and price. The volumes date from 1901 to 1904.


Box 43
Volume 1 Delivery Book, December 31, 1901-September 30, 1904
Volume 2 Meeting Minutes, August 8, 1901-July 12, 1904

Box 44
Volume 1 Ledger, 1901-1903
Volume 2 Ledger, 1901-1904

Box 45
Folder 1 Account Book, July 17, 1901- February 8, 1904
Folder 2 Account Book, July 18, 1902- August 13, 1904
Folder 3 Checkbooks, August 5, 1901- October 2, 1901
Folder 4 Checkbooks, July 18, 1902- June 8, 1903
Folder 5 Checkbooks, July 29, 1901- January 9, 1901
Folder 6 Checkbooks, July 9, 1902- July 13, 1904
Folder 7 Checkbooks, June 9, 1903- July 6, 1904
Folder 8 Cashbook, 1901-1904
Folder 9 Stock Certificates, August 27, 1901-October 29, 1902