Summary Information
Title: Phillips Family Papers
Collection Number: MSS 797
Creator: -1
Collection Dates: c1810-1985
Extent: 43.3 linear feet (46 boxes)
The Phillips Family Papers contain personal and business papers which include correspondence among Phillips, Acker, Laughlin, and Irwin family members and financial information concerning the Phillips Properties, the Phillips Memorial Gallery (currently the Phillips Collection) in Washington, D.C., and personal business investments. The photographs in the collection are primarily snapshots and portraits of Duncan Clinch Phillips, Marjorie Acker Phillips, and other relatives. The collection primarily focuses on Duncan C. Phillips, his wife, Marjorie A. Phillips, and their families.


The material in this collection is in English.


Senator John Heinz History Center
Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
1212 Smallman Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15222


This collection has been made accessible as part of an NHPRC-funded Basic Processing grant.
Date Published:

November 2012

The guide to this collection was written by Sarah Ecklund and Sierra Green.


Phillips Family

Duncan Clinch Phillips, Jr. (DCP) was born on June 26, 1886 to Major Duncan Clinch Phillips and Eliza Laughlin Phillips in Pittsburgh, Pa. After passing his early childhood in Pittsburgh, DCP moved with his family to Washington, D. C. in 1895. From an early age, DCP cultivated an interest in arts and literature. DCP graduated from Yale University with his brother, James C. Laughlin Phillips, in 1908. During his collegiate career at Yale, DCP served as editor of the Yale Literary Magazine . DCP would later serve as editor for Vanity Fair and publish several interviews in the magazine. Following their time at Yale, the two brothers embarked on an extended trip to Europe, during which time they visited many art galleries and exhibitions.

DCP continued to cultivate an intellectual interest in art upon his return from Europe. In addition to acquiring artwork for his personal collection, DCP also began to formally write on topics relating to art. He published his first book, The Enchantment of Art , in 1914. DCP quickly carved a niche for himself in the worlds of art collecting and art commentary.

DCP’s career as art collector and critic ascended to a higher level as a result of the unexpected passing of both his father and brother in 1917 and 1918. Shortly following the death of his brother in late 1918, DCP and his mother established the Phillips Memorial Gallery to commemorate their family’s loss. From 1919 to 1921, DCP travelled extensively, acquiring artwork to build the nascent museum’s collection. The collection would grow to include the works of both American and European artists, ranging from French impressionism to American modernism. In 1921, DCP opened the Main Gallery of the Phillips Memorial Gallery to the public. The Phillips Memorial Gallery was the first modern art museum in the country. DCP would open other gallery spaces in the family home in subsequent years.

Shortly before the museum opened to the public, DCP married the artist Marjorie Acker, in October 1921. The two met during the Century Club exhibition of DCP’s collection in 1920. Throughout their courtship, she aided DCP in building the Phillips art collection and preparing it for open exhibition. Throughout their tenure at the Phillips Memorial Art Gallery, both Marjorie and DCP cultivated close friendships and business partnerships with a variety of artists, including Augustus Vincent Tack, Arthur Dove, and John Marin.

Beyond his involvement in the art world, DCP also cultivated a civic and political life. Around 1920, Duncan C. Phillips was a member of the inaugural committee for the inauguration of Harding and Coolidge. In 1933, Phillips was awarded an honorary M.A. and in 1959 was awarded an honorary PhD from Yale. He received a citation from the American Federation of Art that same year. DCP served as director of the Phillips Memorial Gallery until his death in 1966.

Marjorie Acker Phillips (MAP) was born in 1894 to Charles Ernest Acker, an electrochemical engineer and inventor, and Alice R. Beal. One of six children, MAP was a native of Indiana, but spent her youth in her family’s home in Ossining-on-the-Hudson, New York. She was the niece of painters Gifford and Reynolds Beal. Similar to her future husband, MAP developed an interest in art at a young age. Pursuing art as her profession, MAP studied at the Art Students’ League of New York under her uncle Gifford from 1915 to 1918. MAP met DCP during the Century Club exhibition of his collection in 1920. They were married shortly after in October 1921. MAP served as associate director of the Phillips Memorial Gallery from 1925 to 1966, the year of her husband’s death. MAP exhibited regularly at the Durlacher Gallery in New York and became active in the art community in Washington D.C. after her union with DCP. MAP also exhibited her art in a 1955 exhibition at the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Her paintings have been interpreted as examples of impressionism. Upon her husband’s death in 1966, MAP became director of the Phillips Memorial Gallery in Washington, D.C. Together, MAP and DCP had two children, Mary Marjorie and Laughlin.

Laughlin Phillips was born in 1924 and graduated from St. Albans School in Washington D.C. in 1942. He attended Yale from 1942 to 1944 and then served in the Army in 1945 as a technical sergeant. He entered the University of Chicago in 1946 and received his M.A. in philosophy in 1949; he later became an editor of The Washingtonian . From 1972 to 1992, Laughlin Phillips served as director of the Phillips Memorial Gallery.

James C. Laughlin Phillips (JLP) was born on May 30, 1884. JLP graduated from Yale with his brother in 1908. He married Alice Gifford with whom he had a son, Gifford Phillips, born in 1918. Gifford Phillips later came under the legal care of his uncle, DCP. Preceding his death in 1918, JLP was an active member in the Republican National Committee. In this capacity, JLP worked for the Republican Party in the 1912 election and participated in the Republican National Convention of 1916. In addition to his involvement with the Republican Party, JLP also served as an executive secretary of the National Civic Federation and participated in the National Child Labor Committee. Throughout World War I, JLP served as the Associate Director of the Intercollegiate Intelligence Bureau. In 1916, he became the vice chairman of the Republican Finance Committee and remained active with Republican politics and acted as associate director of the Red Cross until his death in 1918 from the Spanish Flu.

Major Duncan Clinch Phillips was born in 1838 to Mary Mahon Ormsby and Lieutenant Elias Phillips. He attended Brown University and served in the Army during the Civil War from 1862 to 1865 under Colonel S.B.M. Young. Major Phillips was stationed in Germany for a time prior to World War I. He was a successful manufacturer of window glass and retired from the business in 1886. In 1897, his family moved from Pittsburgh to Washington, D.C. due to his health concerns. He died in 1917. Major Phillips is a descendant of Rev. George Phillips who first came from England with John Winthrop, the governor of the Massachusetts colony.

Irwin-Laughlin Family

DCP’s mother, Eliza Irwin Laughlin (ELP), married Major Duncan Clinch Phillips in 1883. She was the daughter of James H. Laughlin and graduated from Brown in 1861.

James H. Laughlin, ELP’s father and DCP’s grandfather, was born in Ireland in 1807 and immigrated to the United States when he was still young. He married Ann Irwin in 1837 and served as a founder and president of Pennsylvania Female College (now Chatham University.) He was also the first president of the Western Theological Seminary, president of the First National Bank until his death, and was one of the founders of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company in Pittsburgh, Pa. Laughlin is considered to be a pioneer of the steel industry in America. He died in 1882.

Ann Irwin is the grand-daughter of Major George McCully, who served in the American Revolution and was close friends with General George Washington. Her father, Boyle Irwin, immigrated to Pittsburgh from Ireland in the early 1800s. Ann Irwin and James H. Laughlin bore five children: Henry, Irwin, George, James, and Eliza.

George McCully Laughlin left college in 1862 to enlist in the Union Army. He was promoted to captain and participated in every battle of the Army of the Potomac, including Antietam and Appomattox. Captain Laughlin was present at the surrender of General Lee to Lt. Grant at the Appomattox court house in 1865. After the war, he worked for his father’s steel company in Pittsburgh.

James Laughlin, Jr. was born in 1847 and became a manager of his father’s steel company. He married Sidney Page in 1870.

James Laughlin, the great-grandson of James H. Laughlin, was a poet who founded New Directions Publishing in 1936 which collected modernist literature. Today, the company’s works are distributed by W.W. Norton and Company in New York.

Acker Family

MAP’s brother, William Reynolds Beal Acker, was a published researcher on Asian art and spent time in Kyoto, Japan conducting research for the Freer Gallery in Washington, D.C. He studied Sinology at the University of Leiden in Holland in 1929 and served as a student assistant for the Smithsonian Institution beginning in 1932. Samples of his calligraphy are housed at the Freer Gallery. He later spent time in Pittsburgh hospitals in 1950s. William Acker had two children, Alice Acker, who studied painting in Holland, and Reynolds Beal.

MAP’s maternal uncle was Thaddeus R. Beal, the president and general manager of the Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporation in New York. Thaddeus Beal’s father, William R. Beal, founded the original company in 1900 in Newburgh, NY with John L. Wilke. After Thaddeus Beal’s death in 1932, his nephew Ernest R. Acker became president of the company. Thaddeus Beal’s brothers Gifford and Reynolds Beal were artists in Massachusetts and New York, respectively.

Ormsby Lineage

John Ormsby was Major Duncan C. Phillips’ maternal great-grandfather who emigrated from Ireland in 1752. He taught school in eastern Pennsylvania and then was a paymaster for the construction of Fort Pitt. He served in the French-Indian War and was stationed at Fort Pitt; he served under John Forbes and George Washington to capture Fort Duquesne in 1758. After the Revolutionary War, he acquired large tracks of land south of the Monongahela River from King George III. John Ormsby’s daughter married Nathaniel Bedford who established what would become South Side. Mt. Oliver is named after Ormsby’s son, Oliver, whose daughter, Sarah, married Asher Phillips, Major DC Phillips’ paternal uncle. The Ormsby Lodge is the family home of the Phillips-Laughlin family, located in Ebensburg, Pa.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Phillips Family Papers have been arranged into 3 series. Series I (boxes 1-28) consists of personal materials relating to the Phillips Family and various members of the Irwin, Laughlin, and Acker families, who are related to the Phillips family through marriage. Series II (boxes 29-46) focuses on papers relating to the Phillips family properties and personal financial papers of Phillips family members. Series III are the oversized materials which consist of portraits of prominent family members, books of stock certificates, and photo albums.

For materials relating to the formation and early years of the Phillips Memorial Gallery, see boxes 2, 3, 8, and 32.

For genealogical information, see box 20.


The Phillips Family Papers are arranged into three series and several subseries.

  • Series I. Phillips Family Papers and Photographs (c1810-1970s)
  • Series II. Phillips Property Papers (1950s-1970s)
  • Series III. Oversized Materials (1823-c1940s)

Controlled Access Terms
Personal Names
  • Acker, (Charles) Ernest Reynolds
  • Acker, William Reynolds Beal (1907-1974)
  • Beal, Thaddeus (1870-1932)
  • Irwin, Ann
  • Laughlin, George McCully (1842-1908)
  • Laughlin, Irwin (1840-1871)
  • Laughlin, James H. (1807-1882)
  • Laughlin, James Jr.
  • Laughlin, James (1914-1997)
  • Phillips, Duncan Clinch (1838-1917)
  • Phillips, Duncan Clinch (1886-1966)
  • Phillips, Elias Phillips (1799-1856)
  • Phillips, Eliza Irwin Laughlin (1845-1929)
  • Phillips, James Clinch Laughlin (1884-1918)
  • Phillips, Laughlin (1924-2010)
  • Phillips, Marjorie Grant Acker (1894-1985)
  • Phillips, Mary Marjorie
  • Ormsby, John (1720-1805)
  • Ormsby, Mary Mahon (1805-1878)
  • Ormsby, Oliver (1767-1832)
  • Acker Family--Genealogy
  • Beal Family
  • Irwin Family--Genealogy
  • Laughlin Family
  • Phillips Family--Genealogy
Corporate Names
  • Freer Gallery (Washington, DC)
  • Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Phillips Properties, Inc. (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Phillips Memorial Gallery (Washington, DC)
  • Phillips Collection (Washington, D.C.)
  • Phillips and Company Window Glass Manufacturers (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Art, Modern--20th century
  • Art--Study and teaching
  • Genealogy--Pennsylvania
  • Genealogy--Washington, D.C.
  • Genealogy--Ireland
  • Immigrants--British-Americans
  • Immigrants--Irish-Americans
  • Immigrants--Scottish-Americans
  • Impressionism (Art)
  • Industry--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh
  • Painting--Private collections
  • Painting, American--20th century
  • Social life and customs--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh
  • Social life and customs--Washington, DC
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • Washington, D.C.
  • Ossinging, NY
  • Ormsby Lodge (Ebensburg, Pa.)
  • Duquesne Way (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
Access and Use
Access Restrictions:


Aquisition Information:

Gift from Laughlin Phillips in 2001.

Archives accession # 2001.0019

Preferred Citation:

Phillips Family Papers, c1810-1985, MSS 797, Thomas and Katherine Detre Library and Archives, Senator John Heinz History Center

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Sarah Ecklund and Sierra Green on 8/14/12.


Property rights reside with the Senator John Heinz History Center. Literary rights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the Library and Archives of the Senator John Heinz History Center.

Related Material:
The Phillips Collection Archives, Washington, D.C. For further information, visit or contact Head Librarian, Karen Schneider, at

SIA Acc. 03-018, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Central Files, 1919-1986. Includes 3 oversized samples of William Acker’s Chinese calligraphy, family correspondence, photographs, translations, travel records, and a bibliography of his writings. (1929-1960).

Records of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation, MSS 0033, Thomas and Katherine Detre Library and Archives, Senator John Heinz History Center.

Contents List
Series I. Phillips Family Papers and Photographs, c1810-c1970s
Scope and Content Notes:

This series is housed in 26 boxes and contains personal and business correspondence, photographs, daybooks, planners, and genealogical information primarily relating to Phillips family members. Series I is divided into several subseries.

Subseries I. Duncan Clinch Phillips Personal Papers and Correspondence, c1980s-c1950s
Scope and Content Notes:

Personal correspondence letters to Duncan are from friends and family members including his wife, mother and father, Gifford Phillips and James Laughlin.

Box 1 contains personal correspondence to DCP (1905-1919). Primary correspondents include his mother, Eliza Laughlin Phillips (ELP), his business partner, Dwight Clark, and his estate manager, Bernard H. Fowle. In addition, some of the correspondence in this box relates to the illness and death of his brother, James L. Phillips, in 1918.
Box 2 contains personal correspondence to DCP (1919-1956, 1970). This box also includes drafts of DCP’s writings related to impressionism and art. One folder contains publications and a letter from DCP’s cousin, James Laughlin who headed New Directions Publishers. The letter pertains to a publication by Gifford Phillips in 1949.
Box 3 consists of personal correspondence to DCP relating to art and the Phillips Gallery (1915-1957). Among correspondents in this box are Frances Noyes Hart and Albert Eugene Gallatin. Correspondence in this box also relates to DCP’s role in creating the New York City mayor’s Committee on Arts and Decoration sponsored Allied War Salon exhibition of 1918. This box also includes papers and receipts that document the acquisition of artwork for the Phillips Memorial Gallery. Also includes a will relating to the Phillips Gallery and a deed in trust establishing an endowment for the Phillips Gallery.
Box 4 contains financial statements and business correspondence relating to DCP’s management of the assets of Gifford Phillips (1920s-1940s). This box also includes correspondence from Alice Johnson (formerly Alice Gifford), JLP’s widow and mother of Gifford Phillips. Box four is arranged alphabetically and includes tabs A to S.
Box 5 is a continuation of box 4 and contains professional correspondence, court papers, and financial papers which relate to the care of Gifford Phillips and his assets. This box includes tabs N through R.
Box 6 includes travel diaries and day books belonging to DCP that document his trips to Europe (1890s-1930s). This box also includes JLP and DCP’s school papers and report cards.
Box 7 contains assorted personal expenses receipts, publications, invitations, and cancelled checks belonging to DCP and JLP (c1910s).
Subseries II. Marjorie Acker Phillips Papers and Correspondence, c1920s-c1970s
Box 8 contains letters of courtship and early marriage between Marjorie Acker and DCP (1921-1923). Also are papers relating to art acquisitioned to Ormsby Lodge, undated personal correspondence, and letters concerning her Marlborough exhibition in 1974. This box contains a small amount of letters kept by MAP from her mother, Alice Acker.
Box 9 contains personal correspondence (1921-1956) and includes letters concerning the death of Alice Acker in 1952. The correspondence also relates to MAP’s philanthropic interests and her involvement with the Phillips Gallery.
Box 10 contains personal correspondence (1957-1979) from family and friends of MAP.
Box 11 contains correspondence between Marjorie Phillips and her brother William Acker (WA) as well as letters to Marjorie Phillips from WA’s doctor concerning her brother’s declining health (1944-1971). The letters relate to his illness and struggles with alcoholism. The box contains many of his writings and translations over this time period sent to his sister. (See box 17 for more of his work.) There is also correspondence with Debbie Acker, his wife at the time.
Box 12 contains correspondence between Marjorie Phillips and her brother William Acker (WA) as well as letters to Marjorie Phillips from WA’s doctor concerning her brother’s declining health (1944-1971). The letters relate to his illness and struggles with alcoholism. The box contains many of his writings and translations over this time period sent to his sister. (See box 17 for more of his work.) There is also correspondence with Debbie Acker, his wife at the time. consists of notes and drafts of correspondence, travel correspondence (1946-1967), magazine clippings, and assorted papers concerning her home and expenses. This box also includes papers and notes relating to private party and event planning. Some materials relate to DCP at Yale (1908).
Box 13 contains correspondence between Marjorie Phillips and her brother William Acker (WA) as well as letters to Marjorie Phillips from WA’s doctor concerning her brother’s declining health (1944-1971). The letters relate to his illness and struggles with alcoholism. The box contains many of his writings and translations over this time period sent to his sister. (See box 17 for more of his work.) There is also correspondence with Debbie Acker, his wife at the time. contains personal notes, sketches, planners, day books and travel logs of MAP (1930s-1960s).
Box 14 contains correspondence between Marjorie Phillips and her brother William Acker (WA) as well as letters to Marjorie Phillips from WA’s doctor concerning her brother’s declining health (1944-1971). The letters relate to his illness and struggles with alcoholism. The box contains many of his writings and translations over this time period sent to his sister. (See box 17 for more of his work.) There is also correspondence with Debbie Acker, his wife at the time. consists of daybooks and notes belonging to Marjorie Phillips as well as other planners of Major DCP and DCP, Jr. (c1913-1985).
Subseries III. Laughlin Phillips Correspondence, c1930s-1985
Box 15 contains sympathy letters to Laughlin Phillips (LP) concerning the death of his mother, from family, friends, and acquaintances (c1985). The letters are arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
Box 16 contains personal correspondence of LP to his parents (c1930s-50s) while he was in school as well as letters of sympathy concerning the death of his father, DCP, in 1966. Also in this box are materials related to his schooling at the University of Chicago and his yearbook from St. Albans (1942).
Subseries IV. William Acker Chinese Writings, c1930s-1985c1920s
Box 17 consists of English translations of Chinese poems, essays, and examples of Chinese calligraphy by William Reynolds Beal Acker. These translations were possibly done while Acker was under the employment of the Smithsonian Institution.
Subseries V. Eliza Irwin Laughlin Phillips Papers and Correspondence c1850s-1931
Box 18 contains personal correspondence from family members including her mother Ann Irwin, father James H. Laughlin, her siblings, husband, and other relatives (1859-1931).
Box 19 contains calling cards and receipts belonging to ELP, many of which date from her time spent in France (c1920).
Subseries VI. Irwin/Laughlin Family Papers and Correspondence
Box 20 contains correspondence, genealogical information, and wills. Correspondence in this box features letters between James H. Laughlin and his wife Ann Irwin as well as Civil War-era correspondence from their son George McCully Laughlin. Most of the letters from George Laughlin are written from the battlefield to his parents (c1860). Wills include those of Major DCP and ELP. This box also contains the wills of Marjorie Acker Phillips, DCP, Major DCP, Jane Steele, and Ann Irwin Laughlin. The box also contains news clippings of Thaddeus Beal (Marjorie Phillip’s uncle) and genealogical information on the Acker family, Irwin family -which includes information of Laughlin and Phillips family members- and the Ormsby family.
Subseries VII. James Laughlin Phillips, c1900-c1920
Box 21 contains personal correspondence addressed to JLP (c1900-1917).
Box 22 consists of business correspondence and papers relating to his participation in the Republican National Convention (1916), the National Civic Federation, and the National Child Labor Committee (1913). The box also contains personal expenses and receipts (c1910s).
Box 23 contains papers originally housed in a document case labeled “The Senate File.” These are business records (c1920) relating to the transfer of stock estate of JLP after his death.
Subseries VIII. Acker and Phillips Family Photographs, 1880s-1960s
Scope and Content Notes:

The bulk of the Acker and Phillips family photographs feature Duncan Phillips and Marjorie Acker and their children and pets at the family lodge. Portraits in the collection feature Marjorie Acker, her siblings, her parents, DCP and his parents, Eliza Irwin Laughlin and her husband Major Duncan Clinch Phillips. Travel photographs were taken in China and other locales. Several photo albums contain Acker family photographs.

Box 24 contains primarily Acker family photo albums and includes photographs of Marjorie Acker Phillips’ parents and siblings, including William Reynolds Beal Acker and his wife. Photo albums feature family trips and depict Marjorie Acker from childhood to adulthood.
Box 25 consists of a photo album belonging to Ann Irwin Laughlin, ELP’s mother. The majority of the photographs date from 1910 to the 1960s and include negatives, some of which are in poor condition. The box also contains folders of loose ephemera from the photograph collection.
Box 26 contains photo albums belonging to ELP and Florence Ebbs, Major DCP’s first wife. There is one envelope of ceramic portraits and well as blueprints of Major DCP’s property in Washington D.C. and black and white scenic photographs of Ormsby Lodge. One folder of portraits were taken at a gala in the Phillips family home and features Laughlin Phillips and his mother. (Duplicates of these are in the oversized materials).
Box 27 contains primarily portraits, some of which are studio proofs, and include James H. Laughlin, ELP, JLP, DCP, Marjorie Phillips, and Laughlin Phillips and his children (bulk 1920s-50s.) Other photographs include scenic shots of the exterior of Ormsby Lodge. Of note is a portrait of Major Duncan C. Phillips and Colonel S. B.M. Young (1898). The box also contains negatives and slides.
Box 28 includes photographs of MAP, JLP (c1912), and portraits and postcards from family trips abroad including France and China (c1874 - c1930).
Series II. Phillips Properties Papers, c1950s-c1970s
Scope and Content Notes:

This series is housed in 19 boxes and contains financial papers and ledgers relating to the Phillips Gallery and various personal investments of Phillips family members. Series II is divided into three subseries.

Subseries I. Phillips Properties Business Papers, 1954-1958
Scope and Content Notes:

Many of the records kept on the Phillips Properties were maintained and arranged by Minnie Byers.

Box 29 consists of financial papers relating to the Phillips Properties and dates from 1954-55 and separated with alphabetical tabs, ending with B.
Box 30 contains financial papers relating to the Phillips Properties and dates from 1955-56 and separated with alphabetical tabs, from C to Z.
Box 31 consists of financial papers relating to the Phillips Properties and dates from 1954-1958 and are papers from DCP and the Phillips Properties, separated by tabs M through Z. Some papers regard the lease of a post office in Washington, D.C. and the Walker Johnson Building.
Subseries II. Phillips Family Personal Financial Papers, c1900-1930s
Box 32 contains tax returns of ELP, DCP, JLP (1914-1918), and the Phillips Properties and Phillips Memorial Gallery (1920s-1930s).
Box 33 includes income tax returns and records and correspondence related to Jones and Laughlin Steel as well as Phillips and Acker insurance policies.
Box 34 consists of mainly bills, receipts, accounts, and earnings of Major DCP (c1900-1918). Some papers belong to DCP and relate to the construction of an apartment complex.
Box 35 contains personal correspondence addressed to Major DCP, information on his inclusion in the National Biographical Society, as well as business correspondence and financial statements related to architectural specifications for his home in Washington, D.C. (1907-1908).
Box 36 contains records belonging to Major DCP and include architectural specifications and drawings of the Navy Building in New York City, as well as various bonds in general alphabetical order.
Subseries III. Ledgers c1900-c1980s (bulk c1930s-c1950s)
Scope and Content Notes:

The cash books and ledgers are housed in 10 boxes and document the expenses and investments of Duncan Phillips, Laughlin Phillips, Marjorie Phillips, Eliza Phillips, the Phillips Properties, and the Phillips Gallery. The ledgers are generally arranged chronologically according to Phillips family member.Of note is box 42, which contains two cash books (1920-1935, 1920-1953) annotating expenses for the Phillips Memorial Gallery, as well as the purchasing of monographs and paintings, and salary and insurance expenses.

Of note is box 42, which contains two cash books (1920-1935, 1920-1953) annotating expenses for the Phillips Memorial Gallery, as well as the purchasing of monographs and paintings, and salary and insurance expenses.

Box 43 contains a ledger from the estate of ELP which includes a listing of estates and expenses and agreements of the stock among ELP, DCP, and the Phillips Properties.
Series III. Oversized Materials, 1823-c1940s
Scope and Content Notes:

Oversized materials in the collection include portraits of Major Duncan Clinch Phillips, Elias Phillips, James Laughlin, Jr., and Oliver Ormsby. Prints of Oliver Ormsby and Elias Phillips were to be used to create steel plates. One undated panorama depicts Laughlin Phillip’s class at St. Albans. Also included is Joseph A. Phillip’s West Point certificate (1823) and a print of the Phillips family crest.

Three photo albums contain enlarged duplicates of the Phillips gala photographs in Box 26.

Also included in this series is one cloth photo album of William R.B. Acker’s family, which include images of his wife and children, Reynolds Beal and Alice (c. 1920). (see Box 17)

In addition, there are two books of stock certificates (1919-1921) of The Phillips Properties, Inc. issued to ELP, DCP, and Dwight Clark, signed by Dwight Clark, Treasurer, and Duncan Phillips, President.