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Series XV. Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations 1992-1993

Scope and Content Notes:

Having resigned as Attorney General of the United States to run, unsuccessfully, for the U.S. Senate seat left vacant by the tragic death of Senator John Heinz, Thornburgh was again at a career turning point. He had rejoined Kirkpatrick and Lockhart, his law firm over the years, but was surprised once again by a call from President Bush, on 9:30 Monday morning, February 3, 1992. The President said "we need some help at the United Nations ... and [Thornburgh], as a longtime supporter of the UN, knew immediately that this was yet another 'offer [he] couldn't refuse' " ( Evidence, p. 316).

Thornburgh became Under-Secretary-General for Administration at the United Nations, and agreed to stay for a year, as a point person on reform. The organization was seen as mismanaged, resistant to reform and change, and the prognosis for it was not very optimistic. The Washington Post reported that "UN sources say that if Thornburgh takes the job, [Secretary-General] Boutros-Ghali will gain three big advantages. He will have the weight of the world's only remaining super power directly behind the reform effort; he will be giving the United States a chance to show that ideas about reform are workable; and he will have a deputy who stands a better chance than anyone else at the United Nations of making the United States pay its arrears" ( Evidence, p. 318).

A year later, on Friday, February 26, Thornburgh's last day on the job, his detailed report was delivered to the Secretary-General. Outside of the UN what became known as the Thornburgh Report was generally well received and his efforts did not go unnoticed. The National Journal's assessment two years after his departure from the UN stated: "The impetus for administrative and fiscal reforms at the United Nations can be credited in large part to intense prodding during the Reagan and Bush administrations. Many of today's cost-cutting stratagems, including the creation of a quasi-inspector general's post to ferret out fraud and waste, stem from a management review conducted by President Bush's Attorney General Dick Thornburgh" ( Evidence, p. 332).

As Thornburgh reflected: "At the end of February 1993, I left New York and headed back to Washington, my twenty-five-year career in public office at an end. I looked forward to resuming life under one roof with my beloved Ginny. And after over two decades of the pressure cooker environment of public responsibility, I was ready for a transition to the role of 'useful citizen' " ( Evidence, p. 334). His extensive, and very useful, continuing activities are well represented in the collection section entitled "Ongoing Career."

Included here are numerous documents about the United Nations, its budget processes, peacekeeping efforts, administrative organization, and economic and social development programs. Thornburgh made four trips abroad in the course of carrying out his responsibilities and each is well documented here. Of particular note is the trip to Rome, to the Vatican Conference on Religion and Disability, in 1992. Regarding Thornburgh's final report, there are drafts and background material for all issues, as well as the final report itself. Having spent the year identifying what was wrong with the UN, the report outlined some ways to fix the problems, such as: restructuring and redeployment, cutting waste in publications, a moratorium on costly worldwide conferences, personnel changes, more attention to peacekeeping budgets, a twenty-four hour communications center and funding of an outside management study. "The final section of the report focused on fraud, waste and abuse ... urged the creation of a new Office of Inspector General and changes to accounting systems ... to compel full financial disclosure by senior management ... and expedited treatment of allegations of wrongdoing" (Evidence, p. 331).

The files are presented in the following nine sections: Speeches; Under-Secretary-General Thornburgh's Files; Memoranda and Correspondence; Financial Restructuring and Peacekeeping; Events and Schedules; Foreign Trips; News Clippings; Country Files; Ongoing UN materials, 1993-2000.

Subseries 1. Speeches and Testimony

Scope and Content Notes:

The twelve speeches from Thornburgh's year as Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) all are available here online. The files of speeches are arranged chronologically. Topics include for example: white collar crime, disabilities, budgetary issues of the UN, and peacekeeping problems of administration and finance.


Box 960
Folder 1 "The Internalization of White Collar Crime," White Collar Crime National Institute, 1992 Conference, San Francisco, CA March 6, 1992
Folder 2 Opening Session of the Eastern European Conference on Disabilities, Prague, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic April 13, 1992
Folder 3 Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions, New York, NY April 16, 1992
Folder 4 Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions, New York, NY May 6, 1992
Folder 5 Statement to the Sixteenth Session of the Staff Management Coordinating Committee, New York, NY June 16, 1992
Folder 6 Remarks upon Accepting the Distinguished Service Medal of the American Legion, Chicago, IL August 26, 1992
Folder 7 Statement to the Committee for Programme and Coordination (CPC), New York, NY August 31, 1992
Folder 8 Statement before the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions, New York, NY September 16, 1992
Folder 9 Statement before the International Conference of Ministers Responsible for the Status of Persons with Disabilities, Montreal, Quebec, Canada October 8, 1992
Folder 10 Statement before the Fifth Committee of the General Assembly, New York, NY October 13, 1992
Folder 11 "Peace-keeping: Problems of Administration and Finance," remarks by Dick Thornburgh to a Symposium sponsored by the Yale Center for International and Area Studies, New Haven, CT October 31, 1992
Folder 12 "The Disabled and the Law Throughout the World," An address to the Seventh International Conference of the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, The Vatican, Rome, Italy November 20, 1992

Subseries 2. Under-Secretary-General Thornburgh's Files

Scope and Content Notes:

During his year at the United Nations (UN), Thornburgh accumulated files, much like those elsewhere in this collection, that were kept at hand for convenient reference. Their usefulness is evidenced by Thornburgh's heavy annotations, and personal notes, on entire notepad sheets or even on tiny paper scraps. The materials relate to the potential restructuring of the UN from the perspective of the Department of Administration and Management (DAM), which Thornburgh headed as Under-Secretary-General (USG). These files represent a work-in-progress that will be insightful.

An issue of particular significance to Thornburgh was the potential of a new Office of Inspector General within the UN, to address issues of fraud, waste and abuse. The background of this matter is well documented. Other background on the UN includes speeches and op-eds by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, UN news releases, Thornburgh notes, and "checklists" regarding peacekeeping. Also prominent in the files are some of his writings and articles while USG, and news releases about his work. Thornburgh's final report to the Secretary-General (dated March 1, 1993), subsequently known as the "Thornburgh Report," is included, with background material and drafts.

The arrangement of "Thornburgh's files" is an alphabetical listing of topics and/or departmental issues. Thornburgh's speeches, the final report, and a transcript of an interview with him are all available here online. Also online is a list of UN abbreviations, which surely will assist any researcher using these files.

Folder 13 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Office of Conference Services (OCS): Thornburgh's notes, restructuring plans and memoranda February-December, 1992
Folder 14 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): general materials regarding department organization March-June, 1992
Folder 15 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Office of General Services: Thornburgh's notes and briefing material 1992-1993
Folder 16 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Office of Human Resources Management: personnel issues February-November, 1992
Folder 17 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Internal Audit Division (IAD): Thornburgh's notes and IAD work plan March, 1992
Folder 18 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Joint Advisory Committee (JAC): Thornburgh's notes, meetings and memoranda March-September, 1992
Folder 19 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Joint Appeals Board (JAB): regarding appeal procedures April, 1992
Folder 20 Department of Administration and Management (DAM), Office of Programme, Planning, Budget and Finance (OPPBF): Thornburgh's notes February-September, 1992
Folder 21 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): Restructuring materials and memoranda on "six month plans" April-June, 1992
Folder 22 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): "Six month plan of action" April-June, 1992
Folder 23 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): Thornburgh's weekly meeting notes March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 24 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): Thornburgh's notes (Linda Cohen meeting) September 10, 1992
Folder 25 Department of Administration and Management (DAM): United Nations Staff Union and Coordinating Committee for Independent Staff Unions and Associations (CCISUA) February-May, 1992
Folder 26 Biographies of United Nations staff members March-June, 1992
Folder 27-28 Briefing material on United Nations, prepared for Thornburgh February 13, 1992
Folder 29 Thornburgh's notes from briefing material on United Nations February 13, 1992
Folder 30 Career Development System for the United Nations Secretariat: reports, drafts and notes May-August, 1992
Folder 31 Christine Rollet memoranda and correspondence regarding restructuring 1992-1993

Box 961
Folder 1 Congratulations and thank you cards February, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 2-4 Cuyler Walker's notes regarding Thornburgh at the United Nations February 27, 1992-November 23, 1992
Folder 5 Fifth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly: notes, agendas and reports September, 1992
Folder 6 Geneva Group meeting: Thornburgh's notes September 29, 1992
Folder 7 Group of Ten: requests and objectives March, 1992
Folder 8-10 Office of Inspector General: Creation of office to strengthen UN audit capabilities 1992-1993
Folder 11 Office of Inspector General: UN Auditing reports and the position of the United States 1991-1992
Folder 12 Office of Inspector General: United Nations Code of Conduct for staff members, including handling and reporting finances 1986-1993
Folder 13 International Civil Service Commission (ICSC): report and statement by the Secretary General (SG) March-November, 1992
Folder 14 Jean Claude Aime, Thornburgh's notes regarding 1992-1993
Folder 15 Memorabilia (including handwritten notes dated 3.10.92 "Re: S-G" outlining job and goals) 1992
Folder 16 Permanent Missions to the United Nations No. 271, UN publication September, 1992
Folder 17 Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali: Reports, clippings, memoranda 1991-1993
Folder 18 Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali: Thornburgh's meeting notes March-November, 1992

Box 962
Folder 1 Security and safety service activities reports 1987-1991
Folder 2 Speeches, and drafts 1992-1993
Folder 3 Stationery samples [ca. 1992]
Folder 4 Thornburgh's notes, to-do lists, United Nations information and contacts 1992-1993
Folder 5 Thornburgh's notes regarding the United Nations 1992-1993
Folder 6 Thornburgh's notes and background materials on UNICEF July 1, 1992
Folder 7 Transcript of Hans Janitschek's interview with Thornburgh for UN Staff Report March 31, 1992
Folder 8 United Nations Association (UNA) March, 1992
Folder 9 United Nations background: abbreviation list undated
Folder 10 United Nations background: "Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice" April, 1989
Folder 11 United Nations background: news releases 1992-1994
Folder 12 United Nations background: notes of Thornburgh and early materials February, 1992
Folder 13 United Nations background: the United Nations at 40 years old and 50 years old 1985, 1995
Folder 14 United Nations background: the organization of the UN Secretariat February 28, 1992
Folder 15 United Nations background: Speeches and op-eds by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General (SG) of the United Nations 1992-1996
Folder 16 United Nations "checklists" regarding peace-keeping, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and relations with the United States February-October, 1992
Folder 17 United Nations news releases regarding Thornburgh February, 1992
Folder 18 "A Concept Paper: Restructuring of UN Economic and Social Programmes" and unpublished article October 21, 1992
Folder 19 "Time for Real Reform in the United Nations," article and drafts by Thornburgh 1992-1993
Folder 20 "Needed: A United Nations Inspector General," article and drafts by Thornburgh 1992-1993
Folder 21 "Today's United Nations in a Changing World," article and drafts by Thornburgh 1992-1993
Folder 22 "The Missing Piece: A Balanced Budget Amendment," article by Thornburgh [ca. 1992]
Folder 23 Report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations by Dick Thornburgh, Under-Secretary General for Administration and Management March 1, 1993
Folder 24 Report to the Secretary-General (SG) of the United Nations (UN) by Dick Thornburgh, drafts and notes March 1, 1993
Folder 25 Background material for papers and reports 1992-1993

Subseries 3. Memoranda and Correspondence

Scope and Content Notes:

This section of material contains all major correspondence written to and from Thornburgh during his year as Under-Secretary-General for Administration and Management. In addition, there is a large section of memoranda both to and from Thornburgh, most regarding financial restructuring, including the "six month plan[s] of action," which would state the goals and the plans of each department and office to "clean up their financial act."

Of particular interest in these files are two letters written to Thornburgh, each having to do with Thornburgh's final report to the Secretary General, from Presidents Clinton and Bush. Both of these letters commend Thornburgh for his work in the UN and his tireless efforts as a public servant.


Box 963
Folder 1-3 Inter-office memoranda to Thornburgh 1991-1993
Folder 4 Inter-office memoranda from Thornburgh 1993
Folder 5 Correspondence, from Thornburgh (includes resignation letter to Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali) 1992-1993
Folder 6-8 Correspondence, to Thornburgh, alpha: A-Z 1992-1993

Box 964
Folder 1-11 Correspondence, to and from Thornburgh, chron March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 12-13 Personal correspondence 1992-1993
Folder 14 Correspondence regarding Thornburgh's report to the Secretary General, dated March 1, 1993 March-November, 1993
Folder 15 Correspondence regarding Thornburgh's report to the Secretary General: Letter from President Bill Clinton to Thornburgh, includes original September 23, 1993
Folder 16 Correspondence regarding Thornburgh's report to the Secretary General: Letter from President George Bush to Thornburgh, original copy [ca. 1993]

Subseries 4. Financial Restructuring and Peacekeeping

Scope and Content Notes:

The files here relate to the processes of restructuring of UN economic and social programs, of reorganizing the departments, of elimination of duplication and overlap, and include, for example, materials from the Ford Foundation regarding financing planning for the UN. Thornburgh also received a wealth of reports on different paths to economic reorganization and conducted "follow-ups," or updates on different branches of the UN, including the ECLAC, UNOV and UNOG, ECOSOC, UNCED and others, which are included here.

Thornburgh's work at the UN also involved reforming the budget process, which he writes was "'almost surreal' in its complexity and in the degree to which it entailed the rigorous review and micromanagement of minutiae" ( Evidence, p.323). Regular budget contributions had to be considered separately from those of peacekeeping, which had its own assessment formula for member states. Thus, to Thornburgh, peacekeeping was integrally related to finances and his financial restructuring task. A major concern, for example, was that member states were lax on paying their peacekeeping dues. He writes, "Only about one-third of peacekeeping duties were being paid within the first three months of a mission, so much interaccount borrowing and fancy financial footwork was required even to provide bare necessities. I was to compare this process later to a financial 'bungee jump': missions were undertaken in hope and faith, but with no assurance, that they would eventually be funded" ( Evidence, p.325).

Thus, the materials in this section are divided into two groups: 1) Financial restructuring of UN Departments, arranged chronologically, including economic concerns, budget problems and proposals; 2) Financial restructuring of UN with considerations to UN peacekeeping efforts, arranged chronologically, including the tracking of peacekeeping finances and the possibilities for reform to enable a more consistent funding in the future. Much of the material here includes handwritten notes and annotated material. Many of the reports include Thornburgh's red pen annotations.

Section: Financial Restructuring of UN Departments


Box 965
Folder 1 "Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations," a report of the Secretary-General (SG) to the General Assembly December, 1990
Folder 2 "Report to the Secretary-General (SG) on the Review of the Planning and Management of Peacekeeping Operations and Other Special Missions," submitted by the Independent Team Appointed Pursuant to Secretary General's Bulletin of July 23, 1991 September 6, 1991
Folder 3 Updates and "follow-ups" on United Nations Office in Vienna (UNOV) 1991-1992
Folder 4 Department of Peacekeeping Operations, USG Marrack Goulding, tasks and staffing February-June, 1992
Folder 5 Integrated Management Information System project (IMIS), restructuring workflows February-July, 1992
Folder 6 First phase of restructuring reviewed and adopted by the 46th General Assembly February-July, 1992
Folder 7 Internal memoranda regarding restructuring March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 8 Material on the UN financial situation, including information regarding contributions and budget April-May, 1992
Folder 9 Updates and "follow-ups" on United Nations Office in Geneva (UNOG) April-July, 1992
Folder 10 Updates and "follow-ups" for UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) April-July, 1992
Folder 11 Reform of UN Governance and Finance and final report by the Nordic UN Project May-June, 1992
Folder 12 Updates and "follow-ups" on the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) May-July, 1992
Folder 13 Updates and "follow-ups" on the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) May-July, 1992
Folder 14 General material on restructuring the regional commissions of the UN May-July, 1992
Folder 15 Internal memoranda and Thornburgh's notes regarding department restructuring May-July, 1992
Folder 16 Field Operations Division (FOD) and Peacekeeping operations and activities May, 1992-January, 1993

Box 966
Folder 1 Reports and summaries for the work of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) June-July, 1992
Folder 2 Updates and "follow-ups" to UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) June-July, 1992
Folder 3 Updates and "follow-ups" to UN Drug Control Program (UNDCP) June-July, 1992
Folder 4 Updates and "follow-ups" to Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) June-August, 1992
Folder 5 General materials on restructuring the UN June-September, 1992
Folder 6 Updates and "follow-ups" on Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) July, 1992
Folder 7 Updates and "follow-ups" on Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) July-September, 1992
Folder 8 Internal memoranda regarding next phases of restructuring July-October, 1992
Folder 9 "Reflections on the Role of the United Nations in the Economic and Social Sectors: Elements for Reform," by Gert Rosenthal, Executive Secretary for Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) August 12, 1992
Folder 10 Ford Foundation: UN financing, background materials for meeting of UN Financing Advisory Group at the Ford Foundation September, 1992
Folder 11 Ford Foundation: UN Financing Advisory Group meeting, briefing materials and agenda October 30, 1992
Folder 12-13 Ford Foundation: budgets and financing materials April-November, 1992
Folder 14 Development restructuring and concept paper regarding UN economic and social programs August-October, 1992
Folder 15 "Next Steps Toward Reform and Restructuring in the UN," and "The Work of the UN in Economic, Social and Environmental Sectors" October, 1992
Folder 16 Administrative Committee on Coordination reports on committee functions October 12, 1992
Folder 17 Concept paper regarding restructuring UN economic and social problems October 21, 1992
Folder 18 Statement by Susan Shearouse, U.S. Adviser, to the 47th General Assembly regarding personnel questions November 5, 1992
Folder 19 "La Fonction Publique Internationale," statement by the Secretary-General (SG) to the General Assembly November 6, 1992
Folder 20 "Note by the Secretary-General (SG) on questions raised by delegation and responses provided by the representative of the Secretary-General" December 4, 1992
Folder 21 Advisory Committee for the Commission on Sustainable Development regarding three new UN Departments and their functions December 13, 1992
Folder 22 Secretary-General's (SG) Bulletin to staff regarding organization of the Secretariat: Department of Administration and Management December 24, 1992

Box 967
Folder 1 Internal memoranda regarding reform of the economic and social sectors December, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 2-4 UN news releases: budget implications and economic concerns October 5-December 22, 1992
Folder 5 Development of three new UN Departments: Department of Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, and Department of Development Support and Management Services January, 1993
Folder 6 Population and Population Statistics development support and management activities January 25, 1993
Folder 7 Transfer of Office of Project Services (OPS) to the Secretariat January 25, 1993

Section: Financial Restructuring of UN with Consideration for UN Peacekeeping Efforts and Programs

Folder 8 Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), restructuring and peacekeeping 1991-1992
Folder 9 "The Looming Crisis in Health and the Need for International Support: Overview of the Reports on the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Countries," prepared by the WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) February 17-March 2, 1992
Folder 10 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: "Report on Preventative Diplomacy," regarding peace-making and peacekeeping February-April, 1992
Folder 11 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal memoranda and Thornburgh's notes March-April, 1992
Folder 12 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal memoranda and drafts regarding creation of report March-April, 1992
Folder 13 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal comments of first draft of report May-June, 1992
Folder 14 Task Force on the Secretary-General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: final report, "An Agenda for Peace: Preventative Diplomacy, Peace-making and Peacekeeping" June 17, 1992
Folder 15 Vladimir Petrovsky, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping February-June, 1992
Folder 16 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC), financing and funding peacekeeping efforts February-October, 1992

Box 968
Folder 1 Department of Economic and Social Development (DESD), "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping March-June, 1992
Folder 2 Staffing and financing of peacekeeping Operations (PKO) March, 1992-January, 1993
Folder 3 Department of Public Information, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April, 1992
Folder 4 James O. C. Jonah, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-May, 1992
Folder 5 Office of Legal Affairs (OLA), "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-June, 1992
Folder 6 Jan Eliasson, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-June, 1992
Folder 7 Comprehensive examination of the administrative operations of the Office of Conference Services (OCS), restructuring and peacekeeping efforts June 24, 1992
Folder 8 Notes, correspondence and reports on the Department of Administration and Management (DAM) and its role in world peace affairs, from McKinsey & Co. consultants April-October, 1992
Folder 9 "UN Progress Review," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants August 27, 1992
Folder 10 "Look Up to the 3rd Basement: Pilot Project of the Diplomatic Pouch Unit, Department of Administration and Management," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants September 30, 1992
Folder 11 "Achieving Superior Performance: Department of Administration and Management, final presentation," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants October 16, 1992
Folder 12 Outstanding contributions to regular budget and peacekeeping operations, by country October, 1992-January, 1993
Folder 13 "Field Mission Issues: Discussion meeting with Richard Thornburgh," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants November 23, 1992
Folder 14-15 Peacekeeping operations in former Yugoslavia February-October, 1992
Folder 16 Peacekeeping operations in Somalia December, 1992-January, 1993

Subseries 5. Events and Schedules

Scope and Content Notes:

While at the United Nations Thornburgh was invited to many events and here the researcher will find an array of the UN related meetings, luncheons, symposia, dinners and events he attended. The time span these records cover is February 1992-February 1993. These files are arranged in alphabetical order, by event, and many have Thornburgh annotations.

Here there also are schedules of Thornburgh's daily and weekly activities during his time at the UN. Some of these are working schedules, meaning that they contain handwritten notes of Thornburgh's events and activities during his year. The schedules also contain his acceptances for events, mostly dinners and luncheons, during his year at the UN.


Box 969
Folder 1 ABC News interview with Allan Frank and Richard Greenberg, New York February 8, 1993
Folder 2 Abou-Zahr, Omar, Executive Secretary and President of Coordinating Committee for Independent Staff Unions and Associations (CCISUA), New York October 15, 1992
Folder 3 Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) Annual Meeting, New York October 20-21, 1992
Folder 4 Aita, Judy, USIA Press Service, Interview, New York June 17, 1992
Folder 5 American Bar Association, Standing Committee on World Order Under Law Meeting, New York May 27, 1992
Folder 6 American Legion 74th Annual Convention, Distinguished Service Award presented to Thornburgh, Chicago, IL August 26, 1992
Folder 7 Anestis, Robert and Matt, meeting, New York July 27, 1992
Folder 8 Bateman, Ray, President of Public Affairs Consultants, meeting with Max Otte to present KUP, Inc.'s services in Strategy and Organization for the Public Sector, Governmental Organizations and International Institutions, New York September 3, 1992
Folder 9 B'nai B'rith International, meeting with Dr. Harris Schoenberg, New York June 25, 1992
Folder 10 Borovoi, Konstantin, Luncheon honoring Borovoi hosted by Institute of East-West Dynamics, New York August 31, 1992
Folder 11 Bourn, Sir John, Comptroller and Auditor General of the United Kingdom, and Martin Sinclair, UK Director, Audit Operations and UN Board of Auditors, Meeting, New York October 29, 1992
Folder 12 Bush, President George, Tribute to George Bush Luncheon, Washington, DC January 12, 1993
Folder 13 Business Council for the UN, Global Forums for Business Leaders Luncheon, New York September 9, 1992
Folder 14 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation interview with Sue Simpson regarding documentary, "Waste and Mismanagement at the United Nations," New York February 9, 1993
Folder 15 Caswell, Janice, Editor of BCUN Briefing, Interview for Winter 1992 publication, New York October 29, 1992
Folder 16 Chase Manhattan Bank, Luncheon with Bob Douglas and Hugh Fierce, New York June 22, 1992
Folder 17 Chemical Bank Corporation, International Advisory Board Dinner, New York November 30, 1992
Folder 18 Committee on Contributions luncheon and reception, New York June 25, 1992, June 29, 1992
Folder 19 Commonwealth Club Luncheon with Under Secretary General Vladimir Petrovsky, New York December 11, 1992
Folder 20 Conway, Daniel, Director of United Nations Border Relief Operation (UNBRO), Meeting, New York October 27, 1992
Folder 21 Cotret, Robert de, Secretary of State of Canada and Minister Responsible for the Status of People with Disabilities, Meeting regarding Ministerial Conference in Montreal, New York September 15, 1992
Folder 22 Council of American Ambassadors Spring Meeting, New York (cancelled) April 27, 1992
Folder 23 Curzon, David, meeting regarding Central Evaluation Unit, New York September 14, 1992
Folder 24 Dennis, Patricia Diaz, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, meeting, New York September 15, 1992
Folder 25 World Committee for the UN Decade of Disabled Persons, "Continuing the Momentum" Luncheon, New York July 9, 1992
Folder 26 DMG Associates Meeting regarding United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Support Costs Study, New York September 2, 1992
Folder 27 Dowdeswell, Elizabeth, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Meeting, New York February 10, 1993
Folder 28 European Community (EC) Countries Luncheon honoring Secretary-General Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, New York June 17, 1992
Folder 29 E-J Electric Installations Co., Breakfast with J. Robert Mann, Jr., New York June 12, 1992
Folder 30 Executive Secretaries of Regional Commissions, Meeting, New York July 8, 1992
Folder 31 External Audit Meeting with Osei Prempeh, Auditor-General of Ghana and Chairman of the United Nations Board of Auditors, regarding Work of the Board of Auditors, New York June 22, 1992
Folder 32 External Board of Audit Dinner in honor of Dr. Heinz Gunter Zavelberg, President of the Federal Court of Audit of Germany, New York June 30, 1992
Folder 33 Fall, Ibrahima, Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights, Meeting, New York January 18, 1993
Folder 34 Fiduciary Trust International Luncheon, New York June 5, 1992
Folder 35 Fifth Committee of the General Assembly, Speech, New York October 13, 1992
Folder 36 Foreign Policy Association Luncheon with Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary General of the United Nations, New York October 16, 1992
Folder 37 Greindl, Major General Gunther, Chief Military Observer of the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM), Meeting, New York July 8, 1992
Folder 38 Gillibert, Michel, French Minister for the Disabled, Phone call, New York January 25, 1993
Folder 39 Dag Hammarskjold Memorial Scholarship Fund of the United Nations Correspondents Association, Thirty-first Anniversary Luncheon, New York September 15, 1992
Folder 40 Hastings College of the Law, University of California, Attorneys General Forum, San Francisco, CA September 19, 1992
Folder 41 Hoegh, Hans, Secretary-General's Special Representative for the Promotion of the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons, Meeting, New York October 5, 1992
Folder 42 Howse, Jennifer L., Ph.D., President of March of Dimes, Luncheon, New York July 19, 1992
Folder 43 International Meeting of Ministers Responsible for the Status of Persons with Disabilities, Montreal, Quebec October 8-9, 1992
Folder 44 Interviews of Candidates for Director of International Computer Center (ICC), New York January 8, 1993

Box 970
Folder 1 Investments Committee Meeting, New York September 28, 1992
Folder 2 Jasper, Herbert N. and Collins Reynolds, Meeting, New York February 18, 1993
Folder 3 Jennings, Sir Robert, President of International Court of Justice, Meeting, New York October 22, 1992
Folder 4 Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) Chairman, Adib Daody and Erica-Irene A. Daes, Meeting, New York October 19, 1992
Folder 5 Kimble, Melinda, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary, Meeting, New York August 27, 1992
Folder 6 King, Nicholas, Director of Foreign Press Center (USIA), Meeting, New York July 24, 1992
Folder 7 Komarov, Governor, Murmansk Providence, Russian Federated Republic, Luncheon hosted by the Institute of East-West Dynamics and Trans-Ocean Express, Ltd., New York June 30, 1992
Folder 8 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Introduction, New Paltz April 22-28, 1992
Folder 9 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Relationships between Programmes and Budget, New Paltz April 22-28, 1992
Folder 10 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Preparation of the Budget Estimates, New Paltz, NY April 22-28, 1992
Folder 11 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Treatment of Extrabudgetary Resources, New Paltz, NY April 22-28, 1992
Folder 12 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Presentation of the Proposed Programme Budget, New Paltz, NY April 22-28, 1992
Folder 13 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, Summary and Overview Tables and Annexes of the 1992-1993 Proposed Programme Budget, New Paltz, NY April 22-28, 1992
Folder 14 Lake Mohonk, Seminar on the Methodology for the Preparation of the Programme Budget, New Paltz, NY April 22-28, 1992
Folder 15 Management Advisory Service (MAS) Meeting, New York January 25, 1993
Folder 16 McKinsey and Company, Inc., Shareholders Committee Dinner, New York December 10, 1992
Folder 17 McLennan, Ambassador Judy, Commission on the Status of Woman, Meeting, New York June 18, 1992
Folder 18 Mercersburg Academy, Alumni Luncheon, Mercersburg, PA October 17, 1992
Folder 19 Misztal, Major General Roman, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) Commander, Meeting, New York July 23, 1992
Folder 20 United Nations Committee of the New York State Bar Association Luncheon, New York December 3, 1992
Folder 21 NHK, Japan Broadcasting Corporation, Interview regarding documentary on United Nations' changing role since the end of the Cold War, New York February 24, 1993
Folder 22 O'Con-Solozano, Thelma, Director of UN Information Center, Meeting, New York September 9, 1992
Folder 23 OCS Staff Representatives, Meeting, New York December 1, 1992
Folder 24 Overseas Press Club of America, Scholarship Luncheon, New York January 28, 1993
Folder 25 Pennsylvania Bar Association Annual Meeting, Hershey, PA May 7-8, 1992
Folder 26 Pennsylvania Society, 94th Annual Dinner, New York December 12, 1992
Folder 27 Perkins, Ambassador Edward J., Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, Luncheon in honor of United Nations/Host Country/Host City Relations, New York July 22, 1992
Folder 28 Perkins, Ambassador Edward J., Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, Dinner in honor of the Honorable Richard L. Thornburgh and Mrs. Thornburgh, New York October 5, 1992
Folder 29 Global Philanthropy and United Nations Priorities--An Informal and Exploratory Conversation, Breakfast Meeting with C. W. (Bud) Leeds, III, New York September 15, 1992
Folder 30 Puchala, Professor Donald and Professor Roger Coate, University of South Carolina, Meeting, New York September 10, 1992
Folder 31 Ramachandran, Dr. Arcot, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of United Nations Centre for Human Settlement (Habitat), Meeting, New York June 24, 1992

Box 971
Folder 1 Ridge, Congressman Tom, Meeting, New York December 10, 1992
Folder 2 Riza, Iqbal, Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Chief of Mission of United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL), Meeting, New York June 30, 1992
Folder 3 Sadik, Dr. Nafis, Executive Director of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Meeting, New York November 10, 1992
Folder 4 Sanbar, Samir, Special Representative for the United Nations Observer Mission to Verify Referendum in Eritrea (UNOVER), Meeting, New York February 4, 1993
Folder 5 Sherwood, Charles and M. McCook Miller Jr., Meeting, New York July 9, 1992
Folder 6 Shparo, Dmitry, President of Moscow Adventure Club, Meeting, New York August 28, 1992
Folder 7 Sobchak, Anatoly, Mayor of St. Petersburg, Russia, Luncheon, New York June 4, 1992
Folder 8 Sokalski, Henryk, Director of Social Development Division and Coordinator for the International Year of the Family, 1994, Meeting, New York July 24, 1992
Folder 9 Staff-Management Coordination Committee (SMCC), Annual Meeting, New York June 15-19, 1992
Folder 10 Staff-Management Coordination Committee (SMCC), Meeting agenda and reports, New York June 15-19, 1992
Folder 11 United Nations Staff Day, New York September 11, 1992
Folder 12 Stafford, Douglas, Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees, Meeting, New York January 5, 1993
Folder 13 Stopford, Michael, Director of United Nations Information Center (UNIC), Meeting, Washington, DC October 27, 1992
Folder 14 Sysoev, Igor, Funeral Service, New York July 22, 1992
Folder 15 Thapa, Major General Krishna, Chief Staff of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), Meeting, New York January 20, 1993
Folder 16 Third World Permanent Representatives Luncheon hosted by Ambassador Jonathan Moore, New York September 17, 1992
Folder 17 Tremeaud, Francois, Deputy Director of International Labor Office (ILO), Meeting, New York September 22, 1992
Folder 18 Truman, John, CAO ESCWA, Meeting, New York September 22, 1992
Folder 19 UK Foreign Affairs Committee, Meeting, New York November 10, 1992
Folder 20 UK Members of Parliament, Meeting, New York February 24, 1993
Folder 21 United Nations Ambassadors Dinner, Business Council for the United Nations Medal Awarded to Thomas R. Pickering, United States Ambassador to India, New York September 16, 1992
Folder 22 UNA-USA Leadership Meeting, New York July 13, 1992
Folder 23 Walzer, Gerald, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Controller, Meeting, New York September 3, 1992
Folder 24 Washington, DC Visit by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary General of the United Nations, Washington, DC May 11-13, 1992
Folder 25 Wisconsin Public Radio Program, "Reforming the United Nations," New York December 2, 1992
Folder 26 World Affairs Council of Pittsburgh Luncheon, Pittsburgh PA January 29, 1993
Folder 27 World Bank Luncheon in honor of Wilfried Thalwitz, World Bank Vice President for Europe and Central Asia, New York July 24, 1992
Folder 28 Yale Center for International and Area Studies Symposium, "United Nations: Problems of Peacekeeping," New Haven, CT October 31, 1992
Folder 29-40 Daily Schedules March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 41 Weekly Schedules March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 42-52 Invitation Acceptances March, 1992-January, 1993

Subseries 6. Foreign Trips

Scope and Content Notes:

In the course of carrying out his responsibilities, Thornburgh made four foreign trips during his year at the United Nations. His trip to Moscow, Russia, was mostly "money-related," since Russia was $400 million in arrears to the organization. During this trip, consequently, Thornburgh urged Russian officials to re-pay these debts. Talks were cordial, yet still, Thornburgh writes, produced a commitment no stronger than "'we will do our best' " ( Evidence, p. 326).

His visit to Ethiopia and Kenya was strongly related to wasteful spending, and officials' responses, Thornburgh says, were no more encouraging. "When I asked program managers [in Ethiopia] for a progress report, they responded with an hour's whining about inadequate resources" ( Evidence, p.327). The UN's Economic Commission for Africa, stationed in Ethiopia, was suspected of fraud and abuse. Thornburgh also had to handle Kenya's requests for financial aid, which were largely dependant on Kenya's initiatives to reform their political system and deal with national security.

Thornburgh's travels also took him to Vienna, Austria-home of the UN's Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and offices on disability, drugs and crime-and Geneva, Switzerland-home of the World Health Organization (WHO), European Economic Commission, the office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Thornburgh's travels to Rome to attend the Vatican Conference on Religion and Disability, represented an area of long-standing interest which Thornburgh admits was not part of his official portfolio. However, Thornburgh had pledged that the UN would seek to advance the rights of people with disabilities. Ginny Thornburgh, who accompanied him to Rome, had invested a major amount of time and effort into making the conference a success. Thornburgh recalls that her moving speech was interrupted several times by applause and that she received a standing ovation at its end ( Evidence, p.328). These events also related to the UN General Assembly's conference and meetings (held in Montreal, Canada) marking the end of the UN's Decade for the Disabled in October 1992.

The information in the UN trip files is divided into "pre-trip," "trip material," and "post trip" background, schedules and related materials. The trips are arranged as follows: 1) Trip to Geneva, Switzerland, and Vienna, Austria, March 18-21, 1992; 2) Administrative Committee on Coordination of the World Health Organization (WHO) meetings, Geneva, Switzerland, April 7-13, 1992; 3) Trip to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Nairobi, Kenya (UN Environment Programme and UN Center for Human Settlements), August 4-11, 1992; and 4) Thornburgh and Ginny's trip to Moscow and Rome (the Vatican Pontifical Council International Conference, "Disabled Persons and Society"), November 17-22, 1992.

Section: Trip to Geneva, Switzerland and Vienna, Austria


Box 972
Folder 1 Trip material: welcome book on Vienna March 18-21, 1992
Folder 2 Trip material: Briefing binder on United Nations (UN) issues and trip meeting material March 18-21, 1992
Folder 3 Trip material: Trip itinerary March 18-21, 1992
Folder 4 Trip material: Official notes of Secretary General's meeting with the permanent representative of Austria March 18-21, 1992
Folder 5 Trip material: Dick Thornburgh's notes on issues and meetings, includes trip itineraries March 18-21, 1992
Folder 6 Trip material: Briefing materials on the Division of Administrative and Common Services (DACS) March 18-21, 1992
Folder 7 Post-trip material: Monthly report of administrative activities at United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV), and summary of issues relating to the UN office at Vienna March 18-21, 1992
Folder 8 Post-trip material: Monthly report of administrative activities at United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV), and Armando Duque's comments on the Ruedas report March 18-21, 1992

Section: Administrative Committee on Coordination of the WHO Meetings and the Eastern European Conference on Disabilities, Geneva, Switzerland, Prague, Czeck and Slovak Federal Republic

Folder 9 Pre-trip material: Notes on items on the meeting agenda of the UN Directors of the Geneva group, regarding good and bad administrative and financial practice April 7-13, 1992
Folder 10 Trip material: Guidebooks, maps, and luncheon invitations April 7-13, 1992
Folder 11 Trip material: Briefing binder for trip April 7-13, 1992
Folder 12 Trip material: Meeting agendas and issues, including Thornburgh's notes April 7-13, 1992
Folder 13 Trip material: Media reports of Thornburgh's work in Czech, Prague and Slovak Republic April 7-13, 1992
Folder 14 Trip material: Remarks by Thornburgh to the Opening Session of the Eastern European Conference on Disabilities, Prague, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic April 7-13, 1992

Section: Trip to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Nairobi, Kenya (UN Environment Programme and UN Center for Human Settlements)

Folder 15 Pre-trip material: Travel arrangements, including itineraries, phone contact lists, airplane tickets, requests for meeting rescheduling August 4-11, 1992
Folder 16 Pre-trip material: Letter from UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to Meles Zenawi, president of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia, regarding Thornburgh's visit August 4-11, 1992
Folder 17 Pre-trip material: Letter from UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to Daniel Toroitich arap Moi, president of the Republic of Kenya, regarding Thornburgh's visit August 4-11, 1992
Folder 18 Pre-trip material: Newspaper articles on Ethiopia August 4-11, 1992
Folder 19 Pre-trip material: Newspaper articles on Kenya August 4-11, 1992
Folder 20 Pre-trip material: Statements made by Thornburgh to the Staff/Management Coordinating Committee (SMCC), sent to the UN Economic Commission for Africa August 4-11, 1992
Folder 21 Pre-trip material: Thornburgh's talking points and information on the Economic Commission of Africa (ECA) for meetings with the Ethiopia Foreign Minister, H.E. Seyoum Mesfin, and Ethiopia President Meles Zenawi August 4-11, 1992
Folder 22 Trip material: Greetings and luncheon invitations from Ethiopia August 4-11, 1992
Folder 23 Trip material: Memorabilia and luncheon invitations from Kenya August 4-11, 1992
Folder 24 Trip material: Trip itinerary for Ethiopia visit August 4-11, 1992
Folder 25 Trip material: Trip itinerary for Kenya visit August 4-11, 1992

Box 973
Folder 1 Trip material: Briefing material for Ethiopia visit August 4-11, 1992
Folder 2 Trip material: Briefing material for Kenya visit August 4-11, 1992
Folder 3 Trip material: Briefing materials on meeting regarding Kenya security incidents August 4-11, 1992
Folder 4 Trip material: News articles on Kenya (and greater Africa) August 4-11, 1992
Folder 5 Trip material: Briefing materials on the GRID Programme (Global Resources Information Database), Kenya refugees, and proposed property rental increases in Kenya August 4-11, 1992
Folder 6 Trip material: Thornburgh's notes August 4-11, 1992
Folder 7 Trip material: Thornburgh's notes on Kenya with references to USIA trip made during Thornburgh's governorship (July 19-August 4, 1986) August 4-11, 1992
Folder 8 Trip material: "In and Out of Africa, Part II," Thornburgh's trip diary, includes drafts and final copy August 4-11, 1992
Folder 9 Post-trip material: Thornburgh's report to the Secretary-General on his trip to Africa August 4-11, 1992

Section: Dick and Ginny Thornburgh's trip to Moscow, Russia and Rome, Italy (the Vatican Pontifical Council International Conference, "Disabled Persons and Society")

Folder 10 Pre-trip material: Travel arrangements, including schedules, meetings, airplane tickets, and correspondence November 17-22, 1992
Folder 11 Pre-trip material: Trip itineraries and scheduling, including briefing on crime and safety November 17-22, 1992
Folder 12 Pre-trip material: Briefing material on the Vatican Pontifical Council International Conference November 17-22, 1992
Folder 13 Pre-trip material: Thornburgh's preparatory materials for presentation to the Vatican Conference, including notes and past speeches given by Thornburgh November 17-22, 1992
Folder 14 Pre-trip material: Briefing material on disability laws in different parts of the world November 17-22, 1992
Folder 15 Pre-trip material: Neil Pike Institute for the Handicapped, briefing materials regarding persons with disabilities November 17-22, 1992

Box 974
Folder 1 Pre-trip material: Briefing material on the UN's involvement in disabilities November 17-22, 1992
Folder 2 Pre-trip material: Informational booklet on the UN General Assembly's "Decade of Disabled Persons" conference in Montreal, Canada (October 8-9, 1992) November 17-22, 1992
Folder 3 Pre-trip material: Participant folder for the International Conference on Ministers Responsible for the Status of Persons with Disabilities, Montreal, Canada (October 8-9, 1992) November 17-22, 1992
Folder 4 Pre-trip material: Briefing materials for the International Conference on Ministers Responsible for the Status of Persons with Disabilities, includes statement by Dick Thornburgh, Montreal, Canada (October 8-9, 1992) November 17-22, 1992
Folder 5 Pre-trip material: Brochures and publications on disabilities published by the United Nations and the National Organization on Disability November 17-22, 1992
Folder 6 Pre-trip material: National Disability Center, invitation for Ginny Thornburgh to be a board member November 17-22, 1992
Folder 7 Pre-trip material: Newspaper articles regarding Moscow, Russia November 17-22, 1992
Folder 8 Trip material: Briefing binder for Moscow and Rome visit November 17-22, 1992
Folder 9 Trip material: Briefing material on the Russian press, ethnic and territorial disputes in Russia, and Russia political activity November 17-22, 1992
Folder 10 Trip material: Trip itinerary for Moscow visit November 17-22, 1992
Folder 11 Trip material: Booklets and articles regarding Russia November 17-22, 1992
Folder 12 Trip material: Dinners and luncheon invitations for Rome visit November 17-22, 1992
Folder 13 Trip material: "The Disabled and the Law Throughout the World," An address by Dick Thornburgh to the Seventh International Conference of the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, The Vatican, Rome, Italy November 17-22, 1992
Folder 14 Trip material: Thornburgh's notes on trip and meetings November 17-22, 1992
Folder 15 Trip material: Trip diary of Russia and Italy trips (includes notes and drafts) November 17-22, 1992
Folder 16 Post-trip material: Thornburgh's report to the Secretary-General, Director of the Information Center Division of the Department of Public Information, on his trip to Moscow and Rome November 17-22, 1992
Folder 17 Post-trip material: UN initiatives and involvement in disabilities and resources for disabled persons November 17-22, 1992

Subseries 7. News Clippings and UN Publications

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains all major newspaper and magazine articles and major UN publications from the year that Thornburgh worked in the UN. There are also newspaper clippings about the UN that Thornburgh accumulated before his work there, beginning in 1992.

There are two sections: newspaper clippings and UN publications.

Section: News Clippings


Box 975
Folder 1-2 UN articles and news clippings 1989-1992
Folder 3 Clippings about Thornburgh March, 1992-March, 1993
Folder 4-5 UN issues and actions February, 1992-March, 1993

Section: UN Publications

Folder 6 "UN in Transition," Development Forum, Vol. 20, No. 5 September-October, 1992
Folder 7-8 Diplomatic World Bulletin February 17, 1992-March 22, 1992
Folder 9 UN Staff Report April, 1992-March, 1993
Folder 10 Secretariat News 1992
Folder 11 Spotlight, UN Review, BCUN Briefing (Thornburgh Interview), and OPC Bulletin October, 1992-February, 1993

Subseries 8. Country Files

Scope and Content Notes:

The United Nations "country files" contain two distinct types of materials. The first relates to briefing and background material on representatives and officials from different member countries of the UN. The second group consists of background information and material on the member countries themselves, arranged alphabetically by country name.


Box 976
Folder 1 UN news releases regarding country representatives 1988-1992
Folder 2 Appointees from different countries 1982-1992
Folder 3 Country recruitment updates and talking points September, 1992
Folder 4 "Top echelon" from different countries 1992-1993
Folder 5 Australia 1992-1993
Folder 6 Austria 1992-1993
Folder 7 Belgium 1992-1993
Folder 8 Bulgaria 1992-1993
Folder 9 Burkina Faso 1992-1993
Folder 10 Cambodia 1992-1993
Folder 11 Canada 1992-1993
Folder 12 Chile 1992-1993
Folder 13 China 1992-1993
Folder 14 Congo 1992-1993
Folder 15 Cyprus 1992-1993
Folder 16 Denmark 1992-1993
Folder 17 El Salvador 1992-1993
Folder 18 Ethiopia 1992-1993
Folder 19 Finland 1992-1993
Folder 20 France 1992-1993
Folder 21 Germany 1992-1993
Folder 22 Iceland 1992-1993
Folder 23 India 1992-1993
Folder 24 Indonesia 1992-1993
Folder 25 Iraq 1992-1993
Folder 26 Ireland 1992-1993
Folder 27 Israel 1992-1993
Folder 28 Italy 1992-1993
Folder 29 Japan 1992-1993
Folder 30 Kenya 1992-1993
Folder 31 Korea, Republic of (South Korea) 1992-1993
Folder 32 Korea, Democratic Republic of (North Korea) 1992-1993
Folder 33 Luxembourg 1992-1993
Folder 34 Netherlands 1992-1993
Folder 35 New Zealand 1992-1993
Folder 36 Nigeria 1992-1993
Folder 37 Norway 1992-1993
Folder 38 Pakistan 1992-1993
Folder 39 Panama 1992-1993
Folder 40 Poland 1992-1993
Folder 41 Portugal 1992-1993
Folder 42 Romania 1992-1993
Folder 43 Russia 1992-1993
Folder 44 Singapore 1992-1993
Folder 45 South Africa 1992-1993
Folder 46 Spain 1992-1993
Folder 47 Sweden 1992-1993
Folder 48 Switzerland 1992-1993
Folder 49 Thailand 1992-1993
Folder 50 Tunisia 1992-1993
Folder 51 Turkey 1992-1993
Folder 52 Ukraine 1992-1993
Folder 53 United Kingdom (UK) 1992-1993
Folder 54 United States of America (U.S.) 1992-1993
Folder 55 Western Sahara 1992-1993

Subseries 9. Ongoing United Nations Material, 1993-2000

Scope and Content Notes:

As originally scheduled, Thornburgh's year at the UN ended in February 1993, after presenting his cumulative report and assessment of the organization's financial situation. His recommendations for reform in his final report, later known as the "Thornburgh Report," were thoughtfully examined and in part enacted over time. Two years after Thornburgh's departure from the UN, the National Journal wrote about his work there, "'The impetus for administrative and fiscal reforms at the United Nations can be credited in large part to intense prodding during the Reagan and Bush administrations. Many of today's cost-cutting stratagems, including the creation of a quasi-inspector general's post to ferret out fraud and waste, stem from a management review conducted by President Bush's Attorney General Dick Thornburgh'" ( Evidence, 332).

Dick Thornburgh has maintained his interest in the activities of the UN and efforts to restructure and reform its finances, prompting letters of thanks from Secretary-General Kofi Annan, and a wealth of ongoing material relating to the UN, its branches, and members. This group of files reflects Thornburgh's continuing interest in the future of the UN and its ability to efficiently meet the needs of its global constituents, and is maintained here in chronological order. It must be noted that the dates of this material follow those of his time there (1992-1993) and continue up to and including 2000.

The files include, for example: correspondence, testimony, task force reports, news clippings, concept papers, news releases, and speeches.

Folder 56 United States Mission to the United Nations: news releases and addresses by Madeline Albright and President George Bush (from 1989) 1989-1993
Folder 57 "Concept paper: Restructuring UN Economic and Social Programmes" and "Strengthening the UN and Enhancing War Prevention: A Grant Proposal" October, 1992-June, 1993
Folder 58 Foreign Policy Research Institute: newsletter, Wire March-June, 1993

Box 977
Folder 1 UN publications: Diplomatic World Bulletin May-June, 1993
Folder 2 Newspaper clippings regarding UN May-September, 1993
Folder 3 UN publications: Secretariat News July, 1993-May, 1994
Folder 4 "Accountability and Oversight of the UN Secretariat," draft of report by the UN Joint Inspection Unit Report August 16, 1993
Folder 5 Commission on Global Governance: members, issues and terms of reference September, 1993
Folder 6 "Defining Purpose: The United Nations and the Health of Nations," final report by the United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations September, 1993
Folder 7 "Response to Request for Proposals for Legal Advisors for the Custody Project," a proposal for the UN Joint Pension Fund by Kirkpatrick & Lockhart (K&L) October 28, 1993
Folder 8 "We're Not Bananas!: The Concept of 'People' in the Principle of Self-determination and its Implications for the UN," report by Harris O. Schoenberg 1993
Folder 9 News clippings regarding UN 1993
Folder 10 Emergency Coalition for U.S. Financial Support of the United Nations: background 1993, 1997
Folder 11 Office of the Inspector General issue at the UN 1993-1994
Folder 12 Miscellaneous correspondence to Thornburgh regarding the UN 1993-1997
Folder 13 Business Council for the UN: newsletters, annual reports and correspondence 1993-1998
Folder 14 UN Association of America: brochures and publications, including material regarding UN financing 1993-1999

Box 978
Folder 1 UN related events, regretted by Thornburgh 1993-2000
Folder 2 UN publications: UN Staff Report January-April, 1994
Folder 3 Carnegie Corporation of New York: news releases and publications July-September, 1994
Folder 4 News clippings regarding UN 1994
Folder 5 U.S. Department of State: letter from Douglas Bennet and action memoranda regarding making the UN a more effective instrument for serving global interests 1994-1995
Folder 6 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): publications and reports 1994-1997
Folder 7 Outline of Thornburgh's testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Commerce, State and Judiciary: includes preparatory materials and Thornburgh's copy of his final report to the Secretary-General (SG), dated March 1, 1993 January 25, 1995
Folder 8 Testimony of John R. Bolton before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Commerce, State and Judiciary January 25, 1995
Folder 9 Pittsburgh UN50 Coalition: correspondence April-December, 1995
Folder 10 Joseph Connor, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Administration and Management with enclosures regarding financing and efficiency problems at the UN September 26, 1995
Folder 11 News clippings regarding UN 1995
Folder 12 "A Call to Action: Summary of Our Global Neighborhood," the report of the Commission on Global Governance 1995
Folder 13 Council on Foreign Relations: "American National Interest and the United Nations: Statement and Report of an Independent Task Force" 1995-1996
Folder 14 News clippings urging the appointment of Dick Thornburgh as Secretary-General (SG) of the UN, editorials in the Greensburg Tribune-Review December 8, 1996
Folder 15 News clippings regarding UN 1996
Folder 16 Letter to Thornburgh from Kofi Annan regarding Thornburgh's final report to the Secretary-General and the financial situation of the UN January 7, 1997
Folder 17 American Enterprise Institute: letter from Thornburgh to John Bolton regarding his new position as senior vice president January, 1997
Folder 18 News clippings regarding UN 1997
Folder 19 Thornburgh's correspondence to and from and about Kofi Annan, and other related material 1997-1998
Folder 20 News clippings regarding UN 1998-2000