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Subseries 4. Financial Restructuring and Peacekeeping

Scope and Content Notes:

The files here relate to the processes of restructuring of UN economic and social programs, of reorganizing the departments, of elimination of duplication and overlap, and include, for example, materials from the Ford Foundation regarding financing planning for the UN. Thornburgh also received a wealth of reports on different paths to economic reorganization and conducted "follow-ups," or updates on different branches of the UN, including the ECLAC, UNOV and UNOG, ECOSOC, UNCED and others, which are included here.

Thornburgh's work at the UN also involved reforming the budget process, which he writes was "'almost surreal' in its complexity and in the degree to which it entailed the rigorous review and micromanagement of minutiae" ( Evidence, p.323). Regular budget contributions had to be considered separately from those of peacekeeping, which had its own assessment formula for member states. Thus, to Thornburgh, peacekeeping was integrally related to finances and his financial restructuring task. A major concern, for example, was that member states were lax on paying their peacekeeping dues. He writes, "Only about one-third of peacekeeping duties were being paid within the first three months of a mission, so much interaccount borrowing and fancy financial footwork was required even to provide bare necessities. I was to compare this process later to a financial 'bungee jump': missions were undertaken in hope and faith, but with no assurance, that they would eventually be funded" ( Evidence, p.325).

Thus, the materials in this section are divided into two groups: 1) Financial restructuring of UN Departments, arranged chronologically, including economic concerns, budget problems and proposals; 2) Financial restructuring of UN with considerations to UN peacekeeping efforts, arranged chronologically, including the tracking of peacekeeping finances and the possibilities for reform to enable a more consistent funding in the future. Much of the material here includes handwritten notes and annotated material. Many of the reports include Thornburgh's red pen annotations.

Section: Financial Restructuring of UN Departments


Box 965
Folder 1 "Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations," a report of the Secretary-General (SG) to the General Assembly December, 1990
Folder 2 "Report to the Secretary-General (SG) on the Review of the Planning and Management of Peacekeeping Operations and Other Special Missions," submitted by the Independent Team Appointed Pursuant to Secretary General's Bulletin of July 23, 1991 September 6, 1991
Folder 3 Updates and "follow-ups" on United Nations Office in Vienna (UNOV) 1991-1992
Folder 4 Department of Peacekeeping Operations, USG Marrack Goulding, tasks and staffing February-June, 1992
Folder 5 Integrated Management Information System project (IMIS), restructuring workflows February-July, 1992
Folder 6 First phase of restructuring reviewed and adopted by the 46th General Assembly February-July, 1992
Folder 7 Internal memoranda regarding restructuring March, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 8 Material on the UN financial situation, including information regarding contributions and budget April-May, 1992
Folder 9 Updates and "follow-ups" on United Nations Office in Geneva (UNOG) April-July, 1992
Folder 10 Updates and "follow-ups" for UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) April-July, 1992
Folder 11 Reform of UN Governance and Finance and final report by the Nordic UN Project May-June, 1992
Folder 12 Updates and "follow-ups" on the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) May-July, 1992
Folder 13 Updates and "follow-ups" on the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) May-July, 1992
Folder 14 General material on restructuring the regional commissions of the UN May-July, 1992
Folder 15 Internal memoranda and Thornburgh's notes regarding department restructuring May-July, 1992
Folder 16 Field Operations Division (FOD) and Peacekeeping operations and activities May, 1992-January, 1993

Box 966
Folder 1 Reports and summaries for the work of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) June-July, 1992
Folder 2 Updates and "follow-ups" to UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) June-July, 1992
Folder 3 Updates and "follow-ups" to UN Drug Control Program (UNDCP) June-July, 1992
Folder 4 Updates and "follow-ups" to Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) June-August, 1992
Folder 5 General materials on restructuring the UN June-September, 1992
Folder 6 Updates and "follow-ups" on Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) July, 1992
Folder 7 Updates and "follow-ups" on Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) July-September, 1992
Folder 8 Internal memoranda regarding next phases of restructuring July-October, 1992
Folder 9 "Reflections on the Role of the United Nations in the Economic and Social Sectors: Elements for Reform," by Gert Rosenthal, Executive Secretary for Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) August 12, 1992
Folder 10 Ford Foundation: UN financing, background materials for meeting of UN Financing Advisory Group at the Ford Foundation September, 1992
Folder 11 Ford Foundation: UN Financing Advisory Group meeting, briefing materials and agenda October 30, 1992
Folder 12-13 Ford Foundation: budgets and financing materials April-November, 1992
Folder 14 Development restructuring and concept paper regarding UN economic and social programs August-October, 1992
Folder 15 "Next Steps Toward Reform and Restructuring in the UN," and "The Work of the UN in Economic, Social and Environmental Sectors" October, 1992
Folder 16 Administrative Committee on Coordination reports on committee functions October 12, 1992
Folder 17 Concept paper regarding restructuring UN economic and social problems October 21, 1992
Folder 18 Statement by Susan Shearouse, U.S. Adviser, to the 47th General Assembly regarding personnel questions November 5, 1992
Folder 19 "La Fonction Publique Internationale," statement by the Secretary-General (SG) to the General Assembly November 6, 1992
Folder 20 "Note by the Secretary-General (SG) on questions raised by delegation and responses provided by the representative of the Secretary-General" December 4, 1992
Folder 21 Advisory Committee for the Commission on Sustainable Development regarding three new UN Departments and their functions December 13, 1992
Folder 22 Secretary-General's (SG) Bulletin to staff regarding organization of the Secretariat: Department of Administration and Management December 24, 1992

Box 967
Folder 1 Internal memoranda regarding reform of the economic and social sectors December, 1992-February, 1993
Folder 2-4 UN news releases: budget implications and economic concerns October 5-December 22, 1992
Folder 5 Development of three new UN Departments: Department of Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, and Department of Development Support and Management Services January, 1993
Folder 6 Population and Population Statistics development support and management activities January 25, 1993
Folder 7 Transfer of Office of Project Services (OPS) to the Secretariat January 25, 1993

Section: Financial Restructuring of UN with Consideration for UN Peacekeeping Efforts and Programs

Folder 8 Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), restructuring and peacekeeping 1991-1992
Folder 9 "The Looming Crisis in Health and the Need for International Support: Overview of the Reports on the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Countries," prepared by the WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) February 17-March 2, 1992
Folder 10 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: "Report on Preventative Diplomacy," regarding peace-making and peacekeeping February-April, 1992
Folder 11 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal memoranda and Thornburgh's notes March-April, 1992
Folder 12 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal memoranda and drafts regarding creation of report March-April, 1992
Folder 13 Task Force on the Secretary General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: internal comments of first draft of report May-June, 1992
Folder 14 Task Force on the Secretary-General's (SG) Summit Report on Security: final report, "An Agenda for Peace: Preventative Diplomacy, Peace-making and Peacekeeping" June 17, 1992
Folder 15 Vladimir Petrovsky, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping February-June, 1992
Folder 16 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC), financing and funding peacekeeping efforts February-October, 1992

Box 968
Folder 1 Department of Economic and Social Development (DESD), "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping March-June, 1992
Folder 2 Staffing and financing of peacekeeping Operations (PKO) March, 1992-January, 1993
Folder 3 Department of Public Information, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April, 1992
Folder 4 James O. C. Jonah, Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Political Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-May, 1992
Folder 5 Office of Legal Affairs (OLA), "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-June, 1992
Folder 6 Jan Eliasson, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, "six month plan-of-action" for restructuring and peacekeeping April-June, 1992
Folder 7 Comprehensive examination of the administrative operations of the Office of Conference Services (OCS), restructuring and peacekeeping efforts June 24, 1992
Folder 8 Notes, correspondence and reports on the Department of Administration and Management (DAM) and its role in world peace affairs, from McKinsey & Co. consultants April-October, 1992
Folder 9 "UN Progress Review," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants August 27, 1992
Folder 10 "Look Up to the 3rd Basement: Pilot Project of the Diplomatic Pouch Unit, Department of Administration and Management," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants September 30, 1992
Folder 11 "Achieving Superior Performance: Department of Administration and Management, final presentation," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants October 16, 1992
Folder 12 Outstanding contributions to regular budget and peacekeeping operations, by country October, 1992-January, 1993
Folder 13 "Field Mission Issues: Discussion meeting with Richard Thornburgh," a report prepared by McKinsey & Co. consultants November 23, 1992
Folder 14-15 Peacekeeping operations in former Yugoslavia February-October, 1992
Folder 16 Peacekeeping operations in Somalia December, 1992-January, 1993