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Series XIV. Popular Front Culture

Scope and Content Notes:

The Popular Front grew out of the mutual recognition of Communists and non-Communist leftists in the mid-1930s that they needed to join forces against the threat of fascism. Formalization of this recognition included the 1935 shift in the Comintern line from Third Period policies that had mandated that Communists attack others on the Left as “social fascists” to Popular Front policies for a united front of the Left, and the electoral alliances that led to victories in 1936 elections in France and Spain.

In the US, the Popular Front functioned like the left wing of the New Deal. It drew support disproportionately from ethnics and racial minorities—e.g. immigrants and their children of Eastern and Southern European heritage, especially Eastern European Jews, and African Americans and Mexican-Americans. Popular Fronters championed the CIO, supported the Spanish Republic and the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, and campaigned for racial equality. It was also a cultural movement as well as a political movement featuring a left-patriotic ethos and a set of stylistic preferences including topical songs in a folk motif, populist paintings inspired by the example of the Mexican muralists, agit-prop Brechtian theater, and social realist literature. A startling array of cultural producers who were either already famous or would later become so participated in Popular Front culture.


Box 10
Folder 4 From These Honored Dead..., By David McKelvy White and James Hawthorne
Folder 5 Photograph of Aiding State Trooper Michael Murray as He Lies on the Ground September 4, 1949
Folder 6 Wendell Phillips, By James J. Green, 1943
Folder 7 Poems for Workers, An Anthology, Edited by Manuel Gomez
Folder 8 "Ajut Infantil De Reraguarda" Flyer
Folder 9 "One Year of the Writers and Artists Committee for Medical Aid to Spain" Pamphlet, January-December, 1937
Folder 10 "Marxism and Culture No. I", A Brief Bibliography of Marxism and the Arts, Edited by Louis Harp
Folder 11 Hear...Ludwig Renn, Chief of Staff of International Brigades, 1937
Folder 12 Medical Bureau & North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy Flyers (2)
Folder 13 20 Years After, 1914-1934, By James Lerner
Folder 14 "Critics Group Dialectics #1" Pamphlet, 1937
Folder 15 Issues #2, #4 and #5 of Critics Group Dialectics Stories
Folder 16 The Brave and the Blind, A One-Act Drama, By Michael Blankfort, 1937
Folder 17 Issues #3, #6 and #10 of Partisan Review, November-December, 1953,Summer, 1955, and October, 1948
Folder 18 Washington and Lincoln, The American Tradition, By Joseph North
Folder 19 Photograph of Men from The New York State Young Communist League Boycotting Japanese Goods

Box 24
Folder 51 "Big Barn Dance" flyer, September 1940
Folder 52 "Front Populaire Revue" Flyer/playbill, 1936
Folder 53 New Years Evening Dance Flyer
Folder 54 "Labor and Culture", Fall 1941
Folder 55 First Hand reports from the Writer's Congress flyer, May 1935
Folder 56 Marching Feet flyer, 1934
Folder 57 May First Celebration program, 1939
Folder 58 Meet the Cast of "Awake and Sing" Clifford Odets flyer May 1936
Folder 59 Theatre Workshop October- December 1936
Folder 60 "We Gather Strength", 1933
Folder 61 "Poems" Kenneth Fearing, 1936
Folder 62 Dialectics. 5 issues: 3, 4, 6-8, 1937
Folder 63 Sing Out!, September 1952
Folder 64 People's Songs, December 1946
Folder 65 People's Songs, February-March 1947
Folder 66 Federal Theater Project small archive, 1936-1938
Folder 67 Bay Region Symphony Orchestra Concert postcard, July 1938
Folder 68 "Stop Barbaric Slaughter with a Human Boycott" press photo, January, 1939
Folder 69 The New Anvil, April/May 1939
Folder 70 Songs of Joe Hill, 1960

Box 25
Folder 1 New Masses, December 1944
Folder 2 New Masses, May 1947
Folder 3 New Masses. 6 issues, 1935-1946
Folder 4 Partisan Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, April/May 1934
Folder 5 Partisan Review, Vol. 2 No. 7, April/May 1935
Folder 6 Partisan Review, Vol. 2 No. 8, July/August 1935
Folder 7 Partisan Review, Vol. 13 No. 3, Vol. 4 No. 1-2, Summer 1946- March/April 1947
Folder 8 Partisan Review, Vol. 14 No. 3-4, Vol. 15 No. 1, May/June 1947- January 1948
Folder 9 Partisan Review, Vol. 15 No. 2-4, February 1948- April 1948
Folder 10 Partisan Review, Vol. 15 No. 5-6, 8, May 1948- August 1948
Folder 11 Partisan Review, Vol. 15 No. 12, Vol. 16 No. 1, 4, December 1948- April 1949
Folder 12 Partisan Review, Vol. 16 No. 6, 10-11, June 1949- November 1949
Folder 13 Legal Briefs from suits by blacklisted Hollywood screenwriters, actor and directors against Hollywood Studios

Box 33
Folder 1 Play Bureau, December 1936
Folder 2A New Theatre, June 1935
Folder 2B New Theatre, August 1935
Folder 2C New Theatre, June 1936
Folder 2D New Theatre, November 1936