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Collection Inventory

Series I. Henry Marie Brackenridge, Professional Correspondence, 1817-1868

Scope and Content Notes:

The majority of the letters contained in this series were written to Henry Marie Brackenridge (H. M. Brackenridge). Most of the correspondence addressed to him conveys details of his professional career as secretary to a mission to South America, commissioner on the Mexican Claims Commission, judge in the territory of West Florida, U.S. Representative, and author. His book, Voyage of South America, Performed by Order of the American Government in the Years 1817 and 1818, is a recurring topic. The letters also discuss many of the historical events of the time such as the Missouri Compromise, Florida's transition from a Spanish holding to a US territory, Peru's fight for independence from Spain, and other political struggles in South America.

The letters are arranged in chronological order. The order of these documents from the letter book has been noted by the inclusion of a letter book number (e.g. LB#01). See custodial history for more information.


Box 1
Folder 1 Walter Forward to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 90), September 24, 1816

Forward, writing from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, sends news of several people, including his brother Chauncey. Forward notes his lack of ambition and dissatisfaction with his work. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 2 James Ross to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 94), February 15, 1817

Ross, writing from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland replies to H. M. Brackenridge concerning an edition of Modern Chivalry by Hugh Henry Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 3 Richard Rush to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 22), May 6, 1817

Rush, writing from Washington, D.C., encloses his pamphlet on jurisprudence. He reflects on the value of his friendship with the late Hugh Henry Brackenridge. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 4 Richard Rush to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 21), July 17, 1817

Rush, writing from Washington, D.C., relays James Monroe's desire to send H. M. Brackenridge to South America as secretary of a commission. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 5 E.S. Sergeant to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 13), July 22, 1817

Sergeant, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, discusses legal matters. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 6 John Graham to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 10), July 29, 1817

Writting from Washington, D.C., Graham describes preparations for the trip to South America. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 7 Richard Rush to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 117), July 30, 1817

From Washington, D.C, Rush covers matters related to H. M. Brackenridge's upcoming trip to South America. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 8 James Biddle to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 99), October 3, 1817

Biddle, writing from the U.S. Sloop, which traveled from Ontario, New York to Baltimore, Maryland, informs H. M. Brackenridge of the whereabouts of his provisions for the trip to South America. He also expresses regret at not being able to accompany the mission, as was originally planned. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 9 David Porter to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 32), October 26, 1817

Porter, writing from Washington, D.C., explains how his opinions on South America are similar to those of H. M. Brackenridge. He suggests that they meet to discuss these matters further. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 10 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 120), August 4, 1818

Clay, writing from Lexington, Kentucky, to Wilmington, Delaware, makes note of his interest in the findings of the commission, of which H. M. Brackenridge was a member. Clay also reveals he published H. M. Brackenridge's letter from Buenos Aires, as he considered it something "proper for the public to see." 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 11 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 123), August 18, 1818

Clay, writing from Lexington, Kentucky, to Wilmington, Delaware, asks whether or not the commission has submitted a final report to the government. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 12 Abbé José Francisco Correa da Serra to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 85), October 12, 1818

Correa da Serra, writing from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, Maryland, notes his desire to hire H.M. Brackenridge in a legal capacity. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 13 John Young to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 106), January 13, 1819

Young, writing from Greensburg, Pennsylvania, to Annapolis, Maryland, conveys his opposition to the "Jew Bill" before the Maryland legislature. The measure, which H.M. Brackenridge supports, aims to increase the rights of Maryland residents of the Jewish faith. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 14 H. M. Brackenridge to John Young (LB # 130), January 22, 1819

From Annapolis, Maryland, H.M. Brackenridge replies to Young's letter concerning the "Jew Bill." H.M. Brackenridge outlines his belief in the right to worship freely. He also offers his opinion on religion in South America. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 15 Caesar Augustus Rodney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 50), April 4, 1819

Rodney, writing from Wilmington, Delaware, to Baltimore, Maryland, discusses H.M. Brackenridge's proposed book on the mission to South America. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 16 George Reinholdt to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 73), April 14, 1819

Reinholdt, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, wants to discuss the sale of land. He also gives assurances that he gave Mr. Sergeant the letter H.M. Brackenridge requested he courier. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 17 William Shaler to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 91), July 5, 1819

Shaler, writing from the U.S.S. Nanklin Gibraltar, states he is eagerly awaiting H.M. Brackenridge's book on the mission to South America. He also describes the various troubles concerning life at sea. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 18 Caesar Augustus Rodney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 36), July 25, 1819

Rodney, writing from Wilmington, Delaware, to Baltimore, Maryland, praises H.M. Brackenridge's book. He suggests H.M. Brackenridge should consider becoming District Attorney of Baltimore. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 19 Peter Stephen DuPonceau to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 30), August 7, 1819

DuPonceau, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, perhaps erroneously addresses this letter to "H.H. Brackenridge" (Hugh Henry Brackenridge). The letter reflects on H.M. Brackenridge's book on South America. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 20 William P. Brobson to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 16), August 14, 1819

Brobson, writing from Wilmington, Delaware, to Baltimore, Maryland, discusses South American affairs and H.M. Brackenridge's book. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 21 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 86), August 28, 1819

Clay, writing from Lexington, Kentucky, to Baltimore, Maryland, outlines his thoughts about the independence movement in South America and H.M. Brackenridge's writings on the area. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 22 W. Pinkney Jr.to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 88), September 12, 1819

Pinkney, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, asks about assuming command of H.M. Brackenridge's military company. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 23 Stephen Pleasonton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 33), October 27, 1819

Writing from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, Maryland, Pleasonton thanks H.M. Brackenridge for some books that were sent to the President. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 24 David Hoffman to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 110), November 15, 1819

Hoffman, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, invites H.M. Brackenridge to join a literary group. He also includes a list of the other proposed members. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 25 James Parton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 128), November 28, 1819

Parton, writing from New York City, New York, thanks H.M. Brackenridge for a letter of praise for one of his works. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 26 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 122), March 7, 1820

Clay, writing from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, Maryland, comments on Spain, Buenos Aires, and the Missouri Compromise. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 27 William T. Read to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 80), March 17, 1820

Read, writing from New Castle, Delaware, refutes criticisms of H.M. Brackenridge related to the mission to South America. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 28 Caesar Augustus Rodney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 23), May 18, 1820

Rodney, writing from Wilmington, Delaware, to Baltimore, Maryland, compliments H.M. Brackenridge on his book about South America. He also comments on the political situation in South America and Henry Clay. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 29 Caesar Augustus Rodney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 39), July 2, 1820

Rodney, writing from Wilmington, Delaware, to Baltimore, Maryland, notes his intent to visit Mr. [Thomas] Jefferson. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 30 Richard Rush to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 95), December 4, 1820

Rush, writing from London, England, praises H.M. Brackenridge's book. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 31 Thomas Hart Benton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 92), January 30, 1821

Writing from Washington, D.C., Benton discusses the admittance of Missouri to the Union. The letter also references efforts to establish relations with China, Japan, and the Indian Archipelago. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 32 John Scott to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 17), February 8, 1821

Scott, writing from Washington, D.C., outlines the legal implications of the Missouri Compromise. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 33 Thomas Hart Benton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 48), March 1, 1821

Writing from Washington, D.C., Benton asks H.M. Brackenridge to write some pieces in support of the resolution for the admission of Missouri into the Union. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 34 James C. Bronaugh to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 09), undated

H.M. Brackenridge received this letter in Pensacola, Florida. Only a partial letter exists, and it is not clear from where it was sent. Bronaugh writes of plans to visit Florida and congratulates H.M. Brackenridge on his appointment. 1 p. A.L.

Folder 35 Andrew Jackson to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 51), July 8, 1821

Jackson, writing from Manuels (state unknown), to Pensacola, Florida, discusses property records and a disagreement he had with "the Governor." 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 36 G. W. Alvares to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 105), October 14, 1821

Alvares, writing from Buenos Aires, to Baltimore, Maryland, describes the war in Peru for independence from Spain. The letter is written in Spanish. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 37 John Caldwell Calhoun to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 78), October 23, 1821

Writing from Washington, D.C., Calhoun comments on H.M. Brackenridge's book and the political direction of South America. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 38 James Gadsden to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 08), January 23, 1822

Gadsden, writing from Washington, D.C., to Pensacola, Florida, responds to a letter H.M. Brackenridge addressed to President Monroe concerning an attack on a civilian by an army officer in West Florida. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 39 John Quincy Adams to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 79), June 11, 1822

John Quincy Adams, writing from Washington, D. C., to Pensacola, Florida, appoints H.M. Brackenridge as judge of West Florida. Also enclosed is a commission for Benjamin Robertson to become United States Marshal. 1 p. L.S.

Folder 40 William Sebree to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 72), February 6, 1823

Sebree, writing from Georgetown, Kentucky, to Pensacola, Florida, announces his appointment as United States Marshal for West Florida. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 41 H. M. Brackenridge letter draft (LB # 61), September 12, 1823

In this draft, H.M. Brackenridge requests descriptions of the South Carolina and Georgia coastlines, in order to compare them with those in Florida. The last part of draft seems to be missing. 4 p. unsigned

Folder 42 John Quincy Adams to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 93), January 8, 1824

Adams, writing from Washington, D.C., to Pensacola, Florida, encloses H.M. Brackenridge's commission as Judge of West Florida and expresses regrets that it had been so long delayed. 1 p. L.S.

Folder 43 James Gadsden to H.M. Brackenridge (LB# 71), January 7, 1826

Gadsden, writing from Tallahassee, Florida, lays down his principles for the constitution of the Florida Institute of Agriculture, Antiquities and Science, which is referred to in the letter below. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 44 James Gadsden to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 104), January 12, 1826

Gadsden, writing from Tallahassee, Florida, to Pensacola, Florida, outlines the founding principles for the Florida Institute of Agriculture, Antiquities and Science. He mentions a second letter to be enclosed, which is located in Folder 43. 4 p. unsigned

Folder 45 Joseph M. White, to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 108), November 4, 1826

White, writing from St. Augustine, Florida, to Pensacola, Florida, asks for assistance with a proposed canal in Florida. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 46 Robert Mitchell to James H. Simpson (LB# 77), November 22, 1826

Mitchell, writing from Pensacola, Florida, introduces Simpson to H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 47 James Innerarity to Colin Mitchell (LB# 38), November 25, 1826

Innerarity, writing from Pensacola, Florida, introduces Mitchell to H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 48 James Innerarity to Robert Morison (LB# 53), November 25, 1826

Innerarity, writing from Pensacola, Florida, introduces Morison to H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 49 William Pope Duval to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 49), November 30, 1826

Duval, writing from Tallahassee, Florida, to Pensacola, Florida, claims he does not believe H.M. Brackenridge to be the author of a critical article on him that appeared in a newspaper. He invites H.M. Brackenridge to attend a land sale and wishes to secure some advice on matters relating to the territory. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 50 George Walton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 43), December 11, 1826

Walton, written from Washington, D.C., to Tallahassee, Florida, appeals for help after being charged with stealing funds from the Florida treasury. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 51 William C. Magruder to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 87), December 21, 1826

Magruder, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, to Pensacola, Florida, praises H.M. Brackenridge's eulogy of Adams and Jefferson. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 52 Samuel R. Overton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 56), January 28, 1827

Overton, writing from Pensacola, Florida, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, discusses Florida politics and history. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 53 Samuel R. Overton to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 34), August 18, 1827

Overton, writing from Pensacola, Florida, to Tallahassee, Florida, describes his land in Florida and a recent illness. [Overton succumbed to Yellow Fever two weeks later]. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 54 John Marshall to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 45), November 19, 1827

Marshall, writing from Richmond, Virginia, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, informs H.M. Brackenridge that the position of Reporter of the Supreme Court for the United States, for which he had applied, has been filled. 2p. A.L.S.

Folder 55 Joseph Story to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 47), November 28, 1827

Story, writing from Salem, Massachusetts, to Washington, D.C., replies to H.M. Brackenridge's inquiry regarding a vacancy in the office of reporter to the United States Supreme Court. Story notes the abundance of well-qualified applicants for the position. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 56 William Johnson to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 112), December 5, 1827

Johnson, writing from Charleston, South Carolina, to Washington, D.C., states that the position of Reporter of the United States Supreme Court has been filled by another candidate. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 57 James Clark to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 84), December 23, 1827

Clark, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, looks forward to seeing H.M. Brackenridge, his cousin, in Baltimore. Clark also mentions visits he has arranged with mutual friends and family affairs. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 58 Edward Everett to Joseph M. White (LB# 89), April 23, 1828

Everett, writing from Washington, D.C., forwards payment for an article by H.M. Brackenridge published in the North American Review. [White was the Florida delegate to Congress.] 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 59 James Innerarity to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 107), May 15, 1828

An invitation to H.M. Brackenridge for the wedding of Innerarity's daughter. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 60 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 118), June 4, 1828

Clay, writing from Washington, D.C., to Pensacola, Florida, notifies H.M. Brackenridge of his appointment as federal judge of West Florida. 1 p. L.S.

Folder 61 Thomas Cooper to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 111), April 12, 1829

Cooper, writing from Columbus, South Carolina, to Pensacola, Florida, seeks advice about opening a school in Florida. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 62 Duncan L. Clinch to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 12), undated

Clinch, writing to H.M. Brackenridge in Pensacola, Florida, requests a return letter from H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 63 Duncan L. Clinch to James Clarke (LB# 98), May 20, 1829

Clinch's letter serves as an introduction for Clarke to H.M. Brackenridge. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 64 Richard R. Keen to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 100), June 29, 1829

Keen, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, to Washington, D.C., expresses regret at missing a chance to meet with H.M. Brackenridge in Baltimore. He also requests information concerning land sales in Florida. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 65 John Shoemaker Tyson to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 35), August 27, 1829

Tyson, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, outlines changes he wishes to make to the soon-to-be published account of his speech on the "Jew Bill." The speech is part of an anthology H.M. Brackenridge intends to publish on the controversial legislation. Tyson also mentions Andrew Jackson's ill health and his criticisms of John C. Calhoun. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 66 Peleg Sprague to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 101), September 18, 1830

Sprague, writing from Hollowell, Maine, to Pensacola, Florida, praises H.M. Brackenridge's recent publication on the "Jew Bill." 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 67 Edward Livingston to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 113), August 20, 1831

Livingston, writing from Montgomery Place, New York, expresses his pleasure with H.M. Brackenridge's approval of the President's Cabinet. He also praises the members for their qualifications and ability to work with one another. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 68 Roger Brooke Taney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 115), September 10, 1831

Taney, writing from Washington, D.C., thanks H.M. Brackenridge for his note of congratulations on appointment as Attorney General in President Jackson's cabinet. Taney also discusses the position and how he came to receive it. [Taney later became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and wrote the decision for the Court in the Dred Scott case.] 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 69 Edward Livingston to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 109), September 30, 1831

Livingston, writing from Washington, D.C., refers to the state of affairs in Florida. Livingston discusses the "spirit of espionage" that, according to H.M. Brackenridge, prevailed in Florida. 3 p. A.L.S.


Box 2
Folder 1 H. M. Brackenridge to Andrew Jackson drafts, June-July 1832

Folders 01-03 incorporate a series of letters mostly addressed to Andrew Jackson. They seem to be drafts of public letters that were eventually published in various newspapers. They were written after H.M. Brackenridge lost his position as judge in West Florida, having been replaced by a political ally of the Jackson administration. The letters contain strong criticisms of the President and his policies. Also included are some of Jackson's replies (copied in H.M. Brackenridge's hand). [Refer to Honeycutt, "The Letters of H.M. and H.H. Brackenridge in the Pittsburgh Archives, 1796-1868", q E353.1 B65A4 1986.]

Folder 2 H. M. Brackenridge to Andrew Jackson drafts, July 1832

A continuation of the series described above, this folder contains four more drafts of letters addressed to Jackson. They mostly criticize Jackson's actions in Florida.

Folder 3 H. M. Brackenridge to Andrew Jackson drafts, July 1832

Four more drafts of letters addressed to Jackson along with one addressed to the voters of Allegheny County.

Folder 4 H. M. Brackenridge to Levi Woodbury Draft, August 12, 1833

Writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, H.M. Brackenridge addresses concerns about land in Deer Point, Florida, that he sold to the Navy. [Woodbury was secretary of the Navy at the time.]

Folder 5 Alexander Porter to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 31), January 31, 1834

Porter, writing from Washington, D.C., discusses the banking crisis and Porter's election to the United States Senate. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 6 William Henry Harrison to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 44), February 2, 1836

Harrison, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, discusses a book that concerned a military campaign in which he was involved. He also comments on his presidential campaign. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 7 Virgil David to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 75), March 11, 1836

David, writing from Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, requests a donation of books to the Lawrenceville Lyceum. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 8 T. Baltzell to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 103), September 6, 1836

Baltzell, writing from New York, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, discusses affairs in Florida. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 9 John B. Hearne to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 96), February 27, 1837

Hearne, writing from Chillicothe, Ohio, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, mentions an edition of Hugh Henry Brackenridge's novel, Modern Chivalry. He also notes that he is looking forward to future writings by H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 10 M. M. Wall to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 25), March 3, 1837

M.M. Wall, writing from New York, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, references a publication of H.M. Brackenridge 's. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 11 T. Baltzell to H. M. Brackenridge, September 12, 1837

Baltzell writes to H.M. Brackenridge at Tarentum, Pennsylvania about land sales. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 12 H. Snyder, et al to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 28), July 21, 1838

Snyder, writing from Jefferson College at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, forwards an invitation to H.M. Brackenridge to address a meeting of the "Philo and Franklin Literary Societies" at the college. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 13 Richard Biddle and Charles Naylor to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 97), January 15, 1839

The authors, writing from Washington, D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, outline their thoughts on resolutions adopted by the citizens of East Deer Township, Pennsylvania. 2 p.

Folder 14 William Elders to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 11), March 5, 1840

Elders, addressing this letter to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, requests H.M. Brackenridge to speak before the Wirt Institute. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 15 R. H. Forrester, et al to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 29), March 6, 1840

The authors, writing from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, forward an invitation to address the Wirt Institute. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 16 Rufus S. Reed, et al to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 42), July 7, 1840

The authors, writing from Erie, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, forward an invitation to a celebration at the Tippecanoe Club. The invitation is signed by Rufus S. Reed, Thomas H. Sill, John H. Walker, William M. Watts, Joseph M. Sterrett, Charles M. Kelso, A. Scoot, and S. H. Haskind. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 17 Adam Gordon to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 81), July 14, 1840

Gordon, writing from Key West, Florida, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, mentions H.M. Brackenridge's prospects as a candidate for Congress, and other upcoming elections. The letter also discusses conditions in Florida, particularly in Key West. He notes the need for a railroad and better control of banks. Gordon also states that the Seminole War has cut off communication with the mainland. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 18 Adam Gordon to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 76), September 29, 1840

Gordon, writing from Key West, Florida, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, remarks on the danger from the Seminoles and the coming presidential election, which he believes William Henry Harrison will win. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 19 Stephen Duncan to H. M. Brackenridge, December 7, 1840

Duncan, writing from Natchez, Mississippi, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, congratulates H.M. Brackenridge on his election to Congress. He also lobbies for H.M. Brackenridge's support on a resolution concerning economic relief for bondsmen that is before the House of Representatives. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 20 John Baldwin to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 62), August 23, 1841

Baldwin, writing from Washington, D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, notes Brackenridge's appointment to the Mexican Claims Commission. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 21 Charles M. Dupuy to H. M. Brackenridge, September 24, 1841

Dupuy, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D.C., informs H.M. Brackenridge of a chaplaincy position that he had applied for twelve years earlier. He requests H.M. Brackenridge to present his application to President Tyler. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 22 H. M. Brackenridge to George Haslet (LB # 46), December 15, 1841

H.M. Brackenridge, writing from Washington, D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, outlines concerns about his farm. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 23 Frances and John Vance to H. M. Brackenridge, December 21, 1841

The Vances, writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, to Washington D.C., describe the activities of various people in the Tarentum area. They inform H.M. Brackenridge that their father sued Samuel Wolf and Jacob Staley for damaging his property. The second half of the letter is written to Benjamin Morgan. Frances asks Benjamin Morgan if he plans to return to school. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 24 David Hoffman to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 68), February 9, 1842

Writing from Washington, D.C., Hoffman alludes to a claim apparently brought before the Mexican Claims Commission. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 25 David Hoffman to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 02), undated

Hoffman, writing from Washington D.C., asks to see Governor Marcy's opinion on a report that was before the Mexican Claims Commission. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 26 John Quincy Adams to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 67), undated

A copy of a eulogy Adams gave for Lewis Williams, who was a congressman from North Carolina. 2 p.

Folder 27 William O. Slade to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 40), April 10, 1842

In this brief letter, Slade formally apologizes for his conduct at a dinner at which H.M. Brackenridge was present. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 28 James Kay Jr. to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 74), April 22, 1842

Kay, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D.C., reveals his plans for the publication of a book. He describes how the financial difficulties facing the country at the time have affected business. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 29 Roger Brooke Taney to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 114), May 10, 1842

Taney, writing from Baltimore, Maryland, to Tarentum Pennsylvania, thanks H.M. Brackenridge for a copy of his "Essay on Trusts and Trustees." 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 30 Lewis J. Cist to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 26), October 5, 1842

Cist, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, mentions a package of autographed letters sent by H.M. Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 31 William Darlington to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 27), September 16, 1843

Darlington, writing from West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, forwards this letter along with a copy of Darlington's book, Reliquiae Baldwinianae, which has just been published. William Baldwin, the subject of the book, traveled with H.M. Brackenridge on his voyage to South America. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 32 John Kelly to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 82), September 30, 1843

Kelly, writing from Allegheny City, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, discusses local politics and his job as secretary of the Allegheny City Clay Club. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 33 Henry Alexander Wise to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 37), January 29, 1844

Wise acknowledges a letter from H.M. Brackenridge and writes of a convention held between Mexico and the United States. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 34 Aaron Leggett to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 57), April 2, 1844

Leggett, writing from Washington, D. C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, discusses the need for a settlement to a claim that was made against the Mexican government. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 35 Henry Clay to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 121), June 18, 1844

Clay, writing from Ashland, Kentucky, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, recounts a recent tour of the South. He also speaks favorably of his stay with Octavia Le Vert, a former pupil of H.M. Brackenridge's. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 36 Cornelius Darragh to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 83), January 22, 1845

Darragh, writing from Washington, D.C., comments on a new edition of Modern Chivalry. He also discusses problems arising from the proposed annexation of Texas, regarding slavery and Congressional representation. [Darragh was a Pennsylvania representative in Congress and later became the State Attorney General.] 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 37 John Baldwin to H. M. Brackenridge, February 12, 1845

Baldwin, writing from Washington D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, focuses on the dispute over Mexico's quarterly payments to the United States. He also ponders the annexation of Texas and asks H.M. Brackenridge if he would serve on a proposed commission to Mexico. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 38 H. M. Brackenridge to Thomas Mellon, March 27, 1849

H.M. Brackenridge's short note from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, concerns the rental of some houses "on the canal." 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 39 Octavia Walton LeVert to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 126), March 11, 1850

In this letter from Mobile, Alabama, LeVert reflects on her childhood during which H.M. Brackenridge was her tutor. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 40 William Henry Litton Earle Bulwer to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 03), March 26, 1850

Bulwer, the British ambassador in Washington, D. C., thanks H.M. Brackenridge for a book and invites him to dinner. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 41 George Robins Glidden to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 05), July 19, 1851

Writing From Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania, Glidden offers thanks for a letter H.M. Brackenridge published in a newspaper about him. Glidden, an ethnologist and lecturer on topics relating to Egyptian archaeology, also hopes H.M. Brackenridge will visit him so they can talk about archaeology. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 42 H. M. Brackenridge to Peter Force, November 5, 1852

H.M. Brackenridge, writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, requests source material for a book he is researching. He expresses disdain for the current election and a controversy with Neville B. Craig. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 43 William Makepeace Thackeray to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 04), February 19, 1853

Thackeray, writing from Washington, D.C., sends an acknowledgement of a note of praise from H.M. Brackenridge for one of his books. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 44 F.S. Bradford to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 125), March 27, 1855

Bradford, writing on behalf of G.P. Putnam Co. in New York, New York, notifies H.M. Brackenridge that a letter of his had been misplaced. 1 p.

Folder 45 Evert A. Duyckinck to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 124), March 31, 1855

Duyckinck, writing from New York City, New York, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, mentions proposed articles to be written on H.M. Brackenridge and his father, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, for the Cyclopedia of American Literature. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 46 H. M. Brackenridge to Brantz Mayer, February 1, 1857

H.M. Brackenridge, writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, discusses the antiquities and archaeology related to the Cibola Castles in South America. 4 p.

Folder 47 H. M. Brackenridge to Brantz Mayer, March 11, 1857

Writing from Tarentum, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, H.M. Brackenridge requests more of Mayer's publications. He also describes a publication concerning American Indian history. 4 p.

Folder 48 Alexander Humboldt to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 01), May 24, 1857

Humboldt, writing in French from Potsdam, New York, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, reports on recent research on ancient civilizations of the southwest. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 49 H. M. Brackenridge to Brantz Mayer, October 15, 1857

H.M. Brackenridge, writing in Tarentum, Pennsylvania, refers Mayer to several publications about the antiquities of the Midwest as well as Central and South America. He also asks for a second copy of Mayer's book. 5 p.

Folder 50 Brantz Mayer to H. M. Brackenridge, October 21, 1857

Writing from Baltimore, Maryland, Mayer fills H.M. Brackenridge's request for a second copy of his publication on Aztec and Zapote architecture. He also welcomes H.M. Brackenridge's criticisms on the essay. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 51 H. M. Brackenridge to Thomas Mellon, October 22, 1857

The letter, from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, concerns letters of administration for an estate. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 52 H. M. Brackenridge to Brantz Mayer, October 27, 1857

From Tarentum, Pennsylvania, H.M. Brackenridge thanks Mayer for sending a copy of his book. H.M. Brackenridge relates his views on ancient Mexican history. 2 p.

Folder 53 Ephraim George Squier to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 129), January 22, 1858

Squier, writing from New York, New York, discusses American Indian archaeological matters and various publications. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 54 Peter Arrell Browne to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 127), January 23, 1858

Browne, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, expects to receive a notice about Hugh Henry Brackenridge. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 55 H. M. Brackenridge to Thomas Mellon, March 29, 1859

H.M. Brackenridge asserts he will help relay Mellon's views in his district. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 56 Andrew Wylie to H. M. Brackenridge, February 2, 1868

Writing from Washington, D.C., Wylie reminisces about his friendship with H.M. Brackenridge. He also mentions preparations for a visit. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 57 H. M. Brackenridge Letter Draft, undated

Only the last page of this letter is present. It concerns Central America. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 58 H. M. Brackenridge to the "Pseudo-Democratic Party" draft, undated

This folder contains several drafts of letters addressed to the "Pseudo-Democratic" party. The letter outlines various criticisms of the Democratic Party. 20 p.

Folder 59 H. M. Brackenridge to the Washington Gazette draft (LB # 06), undated

In this draft, H.M. Brackenridge responds to several critical articles that were published about him in various newspapers. 12 p.

Folder 60 William Eichbaum to H. M. Brackenridge (LB# 60), undated

Eichbaum reports on recent scientific discoveries such as artificial stone and magnetic paint. 2 p. A.L.S.

Series II. Brackenridge Family Correspondence, 1821-1857

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains letters written by or sent to Brackenridge family members. The majority of the letters are written by H.M. Brackenridge to his wife, Caroline Marie Brackenridge, during long periods of separation. The letters make numerous references to their fluctuating moods and various illnesses, including depression. The letters dealing with Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge, H.M. Brackenridge's son, concern his education as well as his health. Much of the correspondence written to H.M. Brackenridge served to keep him informed of the activities of his family and friends while he traveled. There are also letters written by H.M. Brackenridge's sister, Cornelia and his brothers, Alexander and William. Cornelia's letters are particularly enlightening about social activities and include suggestions of suitable women for marriage. Represented as well are letters from cousins John Cabell and Robert Breckinridge. There are also letters written to Caroline and Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge from several of their friends. The letters are arranged into groups, according to family member. Letters between family members are grouped according to the writer.

The order of these documents from the letter book has been noted through the inclusion of a letter book number (e.g. LB#01). See custodial history for more information.


Box 3
Folder 1 Alexander Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 52), October 23, 1818

Alexander, writing from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, discusses a new edition of Modern Chivalry. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 2 Alexander Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 66), January 8, 1827

Alexander, writing from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, speaks of family matters. He also praises H. M. Brackenridge's speech delivered about Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 3 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge to Samuel A. Rulon, May 5, 1841

Benjamin Morgan, writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, describes a difficult trip across Pennsylvania, during which there was an accident going up an inclined plane. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 4 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge from Samuel A. Rulon, (LB# 59), December 24, 1843

Rulon, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, shares news of mutual friends. Rulon mentions that the celebration of a friend's birthday lasted until 11 o'clock, a time he thought "was rather late hours for Quakers." 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 5 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge, July 5, 1849

Benjamin Morgan, writing from Niagara Falls, New York, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, thanks his father for the money sent to him and describes the beauty of the falls and his adventures while there.

Folder 6 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge from Rachel C. Smith, (LB# 6), October 16, 1852

This letter was sent with a Bible from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 7 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge from John W. Rulon, (LB# 7), December 18, 1852

Rulon, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, relays the wishes of Benjamin Morgan's mother concerning her clothing and personal belongings. [The letter was written soon after Caroline's death in 1852.] 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 8 Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge to Phillipine Brackenridge, February 6, 1857

Writing during a stay in New York, New York, Benjamin Morgan recounts a recent illness and describes a ball which he attended. He offers his opinion on the clothing of others who were in attendance. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 9 Caroline Brackenridge from Margaret Ann Overton, April 28, 1830

Margaret Ann Overton, writing from Pensacola, Florida, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, speaks of efforts to raise money for a church. She also notes H. M. Brackenridge's return to Florida. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 10 Caroline Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge, February 5, 1841

In this letter from May Pleasant, Pennsylvania, Caroline requests H. M. Brackenridge to send word about their impending trip to Washington, D.C. She complains of her weak nerves, lack of appetite and insomnia. She also fears that Benjamin Morgan might be contracting the measles from the children of the family with whom they are visiting. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 11 Caroline Brackenridge to Mary Weaver, March 18, 1841

Caroline, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Freeport, Pennsylvania, apologizes for not previously sending a letter from Washington, D.C., as she was unable to make the journey. She relays that she has been sick most of the winter and that Morgan has the mumps. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 12 Caroline Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge, October 12, 1841

Caroline, writing from Tarentum, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D.C., provides an update on domestic matters and informs H. M. Brackenridge of her travel plans. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 13 Caroline Brackenridge from Mrs. M. L. Alexander, June 9, 1842

Alexander, writing from Washington, D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, offers news of a boarding house in which she and Caroline used to live. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 14 Caroline Brackenridge from Lydia Burrough, 1842-1845

Burrough, writing from the Philadelphia area, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, describes in this series of letters two of their mutual friends' deaths and the events leading up to them. She also details the condition of various family members and their travels around the East Coast.

Folder 15 Caroline Brackenridge from A.B. and J. W. Rulon, September 27, 1843

The Rulons, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, inform Caroline about a potential visit the following summer. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 16 Caroline Brackenridge from R. Fletcher, 1843

Fletcher, writing from West Chester, Pennsylvania to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, speaks of a nephew who is planning to visit Caroline and her family. Fletcher also describes family matters and recent activities. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 17 Caroline Brackenridge to Miss Louisa Weaver, April 13, 1846

Caroline, writing from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, offers an account of how her winter was spent. She spent four weeks in Philadelphia, prior to going to Harrisburg. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 18 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 55), November 24, 1816

Cornelia, writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, chides her brother for not writing. She also mentions various family friends. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 19 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 54), March 17, 1817

Cornelia, writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, mentions Miss Mary Hamilton, a woman she thinks H. M. Brackenridge should consider marrying. She also laments her lack of free time. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 20 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 69), May 30, 1817

Writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, Cornelia speaks of H. M. Brackenridge's book on the history of the War of 1812. She offers her opinion on H. M. Brackenridge's marital status. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 21 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 70), August 16, 1819

Writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, Cornelia expresses her wish to receive a visit from H. M. Brackenridge. Also provided are updates on friends and family. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 22 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 63), January 26, 1820

Cornelia, writing to Annapolis, Maryland, describes a trip to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where she stayed at the Governor's Mansion. She recounts a speech she heard their brother Alexander give. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 23 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 24), March 15, 1820

Cornelia, writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, discusses family matters and relays information about mutual friends. She also offers her opinion on two local women as potential wives for her brother. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 24 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 58), June 23, 1820

Cornelia, writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, speaks of being sick for several months and a visit to Mr. Ramsay's sulfur springs. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 25 Cornelia Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge, May 18, 1821

Writing from Carlisle, Pennsylvania to Pensacola, Florida, Cornelia chastises her brother for not keeping in touch. She mentions Alexander's current interests in traveling. She also requests an update from H. M. Brackenridge concerning his travels. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 26 H. M. Brackenridge to Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge (LB # 58), December 30, 1840

H. M. Brackenridge, writing from Washington D.C., to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, expresses the importance of learning the fundamentals of education. He also describes the state of fashion in the nation's capital. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 27 H. M. Brackenridge to Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge, January 29, 1841

H. M. Brackenridge, writing from Washington D.C., to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, recounts different speakers he has heard in front of the House of Representatives, including Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. He also includes a math problem for his son to complete. 3 p. A.L.S.

Folder 28 H. M. Brackenridge to Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge, February 5, 1841

H. M. Brackenridge writes to discourage a trip to visit Washington, D. C., which was planned for Benjamin Morgan and Caroline. He thinks the chaos of the city will be bad for Caroline's nerves. He also mentions a cabinet filled with stones he bought for his son. 2 p. A.L.S.

Folder 29 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, January - July 1827

In this series of letters, mostly from Florida, H. M. Brackenridge notes his desire to be able to spend more time with Caroline. He includes some description of life in Florida, including a lengthy account of a local murder, and the death of a friend's young son. He also offers advice related to matters of health.

Folder 30 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, August - November 1827

In this group of letters, H. M. Brackenridge describes the difficulties of living in Florida. Fever is rampant and has claimed several friends. He often expresses his desire to leave Florida, but admits reluctance to forfeit his position. Most of the letters were sent from various locations in Florida. Several were written during the arduous trip between Florida and Pennsylvania. Of much concern to H. M. Brackenridge is finding a boarding house where he and Caroline can find some privacy. Caroline's mental state is another recurring topic. H. M. Brackenridge worries about her aversion to meeting new people.

Folder 31 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, January - June 1828

Some of these letters were sent during a sea voyage H. M. Brackenridge embarked upon during a return trip to Florida. The rest were written in various locations in Florida. Topics discussed in this series of correspondence include the sale of land in Florida, opinions on several acquaintances, and the strain of living far from Pennsylvania.

Folder 32 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, July - December 1828

These letters were all sent from various locations in Florida. H. M. Brackenridge wrote of plans to return to Pennsylvania for the summer, the weather, and financial matters. He also mentions having written to Andrew Jackson concerning an appointment in Pittsburgh. The health of Caroline and Benjamin are recurring concerns in these letters.

Folder 33 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, January - May 1829

H. M. Brackenridge wrote these letters from Florida. He describes plans for a house to be built along the Allegheny River, Benjamin's health problems, and his property in Florida.

Folder 34 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, June - November 1829

These letters were written from a variety of locations during a trip to the north H. M. Brackenridge took via river boat. Several letters were sent from Washington, D.C., and convey his thoughts on corruption in the Jackson administration. H. M. Brackenridge suspects that several acquaintances had recently lost their positions to political allies of the administration and wonders if this fate awaits him as well. Also noted are H. M. Brackenridge's repeated attempts to meet with Jackson and the Secretary of the Navy.

Folder 35 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, February - July 1830

This series of letters was written from Florida and is filled with references to various acquaintances, health concerns, and descriptions of life in Florida. H. M. Brackenridge often relates advice on how to properly raise Benjamin. Also described is the condition of the orange trees on his land.

Folder 36 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, August - December 1830

H. M. Brackenridge sent these letters from several different towns in Florida. Included are updates on the construction of his house in Tarentum, thoughts on parenting, and preparations for a trip north.

Folder 37 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, January - May 1831

H. M. Brackenridge wrote most of these letters during a trip from Florida to Pennsylvania. They discuss preparations for inhabiting the newly built house in Tarentum, Pennsylvania.

Folder 38 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, June - December 1831

H. M. Brackenridge sent these letters from Florida, mainly from Pensacola. They cover real estate matters, concerns for the health of his family, and future plans.

Folder 39 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, 1832-1835

In this collection of letters, H. M. Brackenridge discusses the termination of his position by Andrew Jackson and life in Tarentum, Pennsylvania.

Folder 40 H. M. Brackenridge to Caroline Brackenridge, 1841-1843

These letters were written when H. M. Brackenridge was in Washington D.C., during his time as a U.S. representative. H. M. Brackenridge writes of life in Washington D.C., and his activities in Congress.

Folder 41 H. M. Brackenridge to Henry Morgan and Cornelia C. Brackenridge, undated

H. M. Brackenridge explains to his grandchildren his wishes concerning the use of a spring on family land. H. M. Brackenridge also recounts a speech he gave on the occasion of the deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 42 John Cabell Breckinridge to H. M. Brackenridge, December 1853

Breckinridge, writing from Washington, D.C., to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, mainly discusses their common ancestry. [ Vice President Breckinridge, in the Buchanan administration and a general in the Confederate army, was the grandson of Hugh Henry Brackenridge's brother.] 4 p. A.L.S.

Folder 43 Robert Jefferson Breckinridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 116), March 13, 1839

Breckenridge, writing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Tarentum, Pennsylvania, outlines a plan for a "civilized state in the tropiks" and another for "universal freedom." He also mentions the common origin of both of their families. 1 p. A.L.S.

Folder 44 William H. Brackenridge to H. M. Brackenridge (LB # 41), May 13, 1819

William, writing from Indiana, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore, Maryland, informs H. M. Brackenridge that he will seek subscriptions for H. M. Brackenridge's projected history of South America. He also notes his dislike for politicians. 3 p. A.L.S.

Series III. Henry Marie Brackenridge Speeches and Essays, 1818-1864

Scope and Content Notes:

The secries of the collection contains a sample of H.M. Brackenridge's essays and speeches. H.M. Brackenridge was a prolific writer whose articles were printed in a number of different publications. The articles are a mix of book reviews, biographies, political essays, and travel accounts, which reflects H.M. Brackenridge's varied interests. Editorial notes are included in the margins, suggesting that H.M. Brackenridge continued to rework his writings after their publication. Many of the speeches were given in various towns in western Pennsylvania on the occasion of the 4th of July. The dated works in this collection cover a period of four decades, from 1818 to 1864, though some of the material is undated. The collection also contains some political essays and speeches commenting on his career and disagreeing with contemporary political movements. [Please note that folders 1-9 contain the various essays written by H.M. Brackenridge, and folders 10-17 contain his speeches.]

The order of these documents from the letter book has been noted through the inclusion of a letter book number (e.g. LB#01). See custodial history for more information.


Box 4
Folder 1 Review of "Life of General Harrison", 1839

This folder contains some of H. M. Brackenridge's published works, along with comments written in the margins. Topics include the life of William Henry Harrison, the history of the Federalist party, and the political career of Martin Van Buren.

Folder 2 "Uncle Tom's Cabin", 1852

Contains both a handwritten draft and a published version (in the form of a newspaper clipping) of H. M. Brackenridge's essay about the Harriet Beecher Stowe abolitionist novel.

Folder 3 "A Remarkable Journey from Philadelphia in Twelve Days in 1832", undated

This travel account seems to have been intended as an appendix to one of the public letters addressed to Andrew Jackson after H. M. Brackenridge's dismissal as judge in Florida. It recounts a rushed trip H. M. Brackenridge embarked upon in order to attend a court date.

Folder 4 "Examination into the Boundaries of Louisiana", undated

This essay provides both a detailed history of European settlement in Louisiana, as well as a geographical description of the area. 25 p.

Folder 5 Newspaper Essay Clippings, undated

This is one of the editorials H. M. Brackenridge wrote concerning Andrew Jackson. H. M. Brackenridge's handwritten comments are also included.

Folder 6 Review of Craig's History, undated

Newspaper clippings of several reviews H. M. Brackenridge wrote of Nelville Craig's book about the history of Pittsburgh.

Folder 7 Review of "Florida Affairs", undated

Newspaper clippings of several editorials written by H. M. Brackenridge.

Folder 8 Review of "Scenes of Childhood", undated

Contained within is a newspaper article detailing H. M. Brackenridge's childhood years.

Folder 9 "The Independence of the Judiciary", undated

A lengthy draft, with editorial comments by H. M. Brackenridge written in the margins. Includes criticisms of the Jackson administration. 38 p.

Folder 10 Speech on the Jew Bill, 1818

This is a copy of a speech given by H. M. Brackenridge to the Maryland House of Delegates. Also included is a copy of an exchange between H. M. Brackenridge and John Young on the topic. 7 p.

Folder 11 Fourth of July Oration-- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1835

H. M. Brackenridge's speech focuses on the shortcomings of Andrew Jackson. Also included are his thoughts on the history of the Democratic and Federalist parties. 17 p.

Folder 12 Fourth of July Oration-- Freeport, Pennsylvania, 1838

Handwritten copy of a speech given by H. M. Brackenridge. In the speech, H. M. Brackenridge recounted the founding of the United States and voiced criticisms of the current state of politics. 20 p.

Folder 13 "Stump Speech", September 1840

Copy of a speech, with H. M. Brackenridge's corrections. The speech details economic problems and the rise of central banking in the United States. 14 p.

Folder 14 Speech on the Treasury Note Bill, February 3, 1841

Printed copy of a speech given to the House of Representatives, explaining H. M. Brackenridge's dissatisfaction with the Treasury Note Bill. Though the country had serious financial troubles, H. M. Brackenridge thought the problems could be solved without the use of Treasury notes. 16 p.

Folder 15 Fourth of July Oration-- Tarentum, Pennsylvania, 1844

In this speech, H. M. Brackenridge reflected upon the principles on which the United States was founded. He also described the history of the United States and Great Britain. 8 p.

Folder 16 "Argument before the Supreme Court", October 8, 1849

Published account of H. M. Brackenridge's speech. The case revolved around the question of whether or not vacant land could be employed for public use. 22 p.

Folder 17 "Protest of Henry Marie Brackenridge against the Bounty Tax", 1864

An essay on a tax concerning residents of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. 1 p.

Series IV. Miscellaneous Items, 1857-1889

Scope and Content Notes:

The personal papers of H.M. Brackenridge are an assortment of documents including copies, presumably in his hand, of several literary works of popular authors (although one is dated after his death and may have been copied by another family member). The papers include obituary notices for H.M. Brackenridge and his daughter-in-law, Phillipine Brackenridge and guardianship papers for the children of Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge. This series also includes a clarinet that belonged to Brackenridge.

The order of these documents from the letter book has been noted through the inclusion of a letter book number (e.g. LB#01). See custodial history for more information.

Folder 18 Case of H. M. Brackenridge vs. John Wineman, undated
Folder 19 Guardianship Papers of Benjamin Morgan Brackenridge, December 1863 - February 1864
Folder 20 Historical Society of Wisconsin Membership Certificate, June 30, 1857
Folder 21 Memorandum Books, undated
Folder 22 Obituary Notice for H. M. Brackenridge, 1871
Folder 23 Receipt, undated
Folder 24 H. M. Brackenridge's Translation of The Sick Prisoner, by Maroncelli, undated
Folder 25 Obituary Notice for Phillipine Brackenridge, 1889
Folder 26 Miscellany, A Scene from "William Tell" (LB# 65), March 26, 1872
Folder 27 Miscellany, Threnody on the Death of a Child (LB# 64), undated
Folder 28 Letter in German, 1854
Oversize 1 Clarinet, undated