Rose Rand studied philosophy at the University of Vienna from 1924-1928. Among her teachers were Robert Reininger, Heinrich Gomperz, Moritz Schlick, and Rudolf Carnap. After her graduation in 1928 and during her time as a PhD candidate, she stayed in close intellectual contact with Schlick and other members of the Vienna Circle. She participated at Vienna Circle meetings, mainly through the years 1930-1935, and recorded several of the discussions in the form of minutes. Rose Rand received her doctorate in philosophy from the University of Vienna in 1938 with a dissertation on "T. Kotarbinski's Philosophy."
In 1939 Rose Rand left Austria and emigrated to England where she attended the seminars of Ludwig Wittgenstein at Cambridge University. She received a small research grant in 1950 and was able to go to Oxford University as a "recognized student." Rose Rand emigrated to the United States in 1954. From May 1954 until September 1955, she attempted to pursue her research, using the libraries at Princeton and Harvard universities, while searching for academic employment. During the years 1955 to 1959 she held temporary teaching positions at the University of Chicago (elementary mathematics), at the University of Indiana at Gary (ancient philosophy and logic), and as a research associate at Notre Dame University. At the beginning of 1959, Rose Rand returned to Cambridge, MA, and later to Princeton, NJ. During the years that followed until her death in 1980 her main source of income consisted of various grants and fellowships, mainly for her translations of Polish and Russian logicians. When not backed by such support, she depended on private loans and other financial assistance, free-lance translation work, or sporadic temporary employment. Rose Rand died on July 28, 1980 in Princeton, NJ, at the age of 77.