Summary Information
Title: Conference Between the Six Nations and the Quakers Minutes
Collection Number: DAR.1925.10

Collection Dates: 1756
Extent: 0.21 linear feet (1 box)

Language: English

In April of 1756, the Six Nations of the Iroquois and the Quakers held a conference in Philadelphia in an attempt to create peace for innocent inhabitants during the French and Indian War. Records for part of this meeting are available in this collection. There is a list of the names of the Quakers and the Indians present along with the names of three interpreters. Digital reproductions of the collection are available electronically by following the respective "Digitized Folder Contents" links within the finding aid.

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
Date Published:

June 2008

Finding aid prepared by Nicole Mader.
Revision Description:
November 2009:
Controlled access terms revised (dar)


The Six Nations of the Iroquois, located in the northeastern United States and southern Canada, were allied with British and American colonial forces during the French and Indian War, from 1754 to 1763. During this period of violence, the Quakers sought to keep the peace with the Indians and convened a conference to establish an agreement. Israel Pemberton, a merchant and politician, presided over the conference, which was held at his estate in Philadelphia. He made a speech focused on the necessity of maintaining peace in Pennsylvania for the safety of all inhabitants. Another instrumental figure at the conference, Andrew Montour, a lead interpreter and negotiator in Pennsylvania, assisted the Quakers and Indians in reaching an agreement. This effort ultimately failed. During the French and Indian War, Montour sided with the British in Pennsylvania and Virginia. He was later murdered after the French put a price on his head due to his influence with the Indians.

Collection Scope and Content Notes

This record contains partial minutes from the April 1756 meeting between the Quakers and the Iroquois, with speeches from both Israel Pemberton and Scarryada, the representative for the Iroquois. The records also contain five more pages of complete notes of the conference held on April 23, 1756. There are a list of the names of the Quakers and the Indians present, along with the names of three interpreters.

Subject Terms

  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Indians of North America -- Wars -- 1750-1815
  • Iroquois Indians -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Iroquois Indians -- Wars -- Pennsylvania
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- History

Personal Names
  • Montour, Andrew, 1700-1763
  • Pemberton, Israel, 1715-1779
  • Scaroyady, d. 1757

  • Pennsylvania -- Ethnic relations
  • Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)

  • Proceedings

  • Government

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Part of the original donation of William M. Darlington’s family library to the University of Pittsburgh in 1918 and 1925 by his daughters, Edith Darlington Ammon and Mary Carson Darlington.

Alternate Format:

Digital reproductions of this collection are available online.

Custodial History:

William Darlington purchased the collection from the Catalogue of the American Library of the late Mr. George Brinley (Hartford, 1881), Part III, p. 106., Brinley sales number 5498, in 1881.

This collection was located in the Darlington Memorial Library in the University’s Cathedral of Learning until 2007 when it was moved to the ULS Archives Service Center for processing, storage, preservation and service. However, it remains in the custodianship of the ULS Special Collections Department.

Preferred Citation:

Conference Between the Six Nations of the Quakers Minutes, 1756, DAR.1925.10, Darlington Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Nicole Mader in June 2008.


No copyright restrictions.

Collection Inventory

Box 1
Volume 1 Conference Between the Six Nations and the Quakers Minutes, 1756