Summary Information
Title: Arthur J. Benson Papers
Collection Number: ASP.1999.02
Creator: Benson, Arthur J.

Collection Dates: Bulk, 1935-1994
Collection Dates: 1904-1994
Extent: 2.7 linear feet (7 document boxes)

Language: English

Abstract:
Arthur J. Benson, an associate professor at California State University at Los Angeles, was a student and later friend and colleague of Rudolf Carnap. This collection holds some papers of his student and professional years, as well as manuscripts and correspondence relating to Rudolf Carnap’s life and work.
Publisher:

ULS Special Collections Department
University of Pittsburgh Library System
Hillman Library, Room 363
3960 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-8190
uls-specialcollections@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

February 2009
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Brigitta Arden.
Biography

Arthur J. Benson, an associate professor of philosophy at California State University at Los Angeles from 1962 to 1992, was first a student and later colleague and friend of Rudolf Carnap. For this reason, he received and maintained material related to Carnap’s research and writing. Benson also compiled a well-known, complete bibliography of Carnap’s works for the Schilpp volume on Carnap.

During his student years at UCLA, Columbia, and Harvard, Benson was taught by many recognized names in the field of philosophy and philosophy of science. Items from Benson’s student and professional years as well as documents related to Rudolf Carnap were selected and bequeathed to the Archives of Scientific Philosophy after Benson’s death.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

The collection contains some of Benson's student notes of classes and seminars attended at University of California at Los Angeles, Columbia, and Harvard, as well as some of his term papers submitted during this time, and later professional papers. Several of the student papers include comments by his teachers, many of whom are renowned individuals in the field of philosophy of science, such as Ernest Nagel, Bertrand Russell, C.I. Lewis, and Rudolf Carnap. Various drafts of Benson's often referred to complete bibliography of Carnap’s works are among Benson’s professional papers.

The second part of the collection consists of material relating to Rudolf Carnap, such as correspondence between Carnap and Benson, notes and manuscript drafts authored by Carnap, and material related to Carnap's publications, such as translations and posthumous publication work by Benson. Included are also undated black and white photographic prints of Rudolf Carnap in class, probably taken during his time at UCLA, and audio recordings of German radio broadcasts in honor of Carnap's 100th birthday, as well as of speeches from the Carnap memorial gathering in 1971.


Arrangement

The collection is arranged into two series as outlined below. The original order of the material was preserved, such as the topical arrangement of Benson’s student papers.

Series I. Material relating to Arthur J. Benson

Series II. Material relating to Rudolf Carnap


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Science -- Philosophy -- History -- 20th century

Corporate Names
  • University of California, Los Angeles. -- Faculty

Personal Names
  • Benson, Arthur J.
  • Carnap, Rudolf, 1891-1970
  • Feigl, Herbert
  • Sellars, Wilfrid

Genres/Forms
  • Correspondence
  • Lecture notes
  • Manuscripts for publication

Category
  • Philosophy

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Manetta R. Benson on June 2, 1999.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Brigitta Arden in February 2009.

Copyright:

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Related Material:

Rudolf Carnap Papers, ASP.1974.01, Archives of Scientific Philosophy, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh.


Collection Inventory

Series I. Material relating to Arthur J. Benson, 1938-1953

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains Benson’s handwritten and typed notes of classes and seminars attended as a student at California University, Columbia, and Harvard. Some of his term papers submitted during this time, as well as later professional papers, are included. Several of the student papers include comments by his teachers, many of whom are renowned individuals in the field of philosophy of science, such as Ernest Nagel, Bertrand Russell, C.I. Lewis, and Rudolf Carnap.

The series is divided into three subseries: Class notes, Student papers, and Professional papers.

Subseries 1. Class Notes, 1938-1947

Scope and Content Notes:

Benson organized the class notes into four volumes, in non-chronological order. This original order has been preserved.


Box 1
Folder 1 Vol. 1: Introduction to Philosophy, Loewenberg, University of California, 1946-1947
Folder 2 Vol. 1: Methodology, Montague, Columbia, 1938-1939
Folder 3 Vol. 1: Metaphysics, Hocking, Harvard, 1940
Folder 4 Vol. 1: Semantics, Russell, Harvard, 1940
Folder 5 Vol. 1: Analytic Philosophy, Carnap, Harvard, 1940
Folder 6 Vol. 1: Empiricism, Carnap, Harvard, 1941
Folder 7 Vol. 1: Naturalism, Dennes, University of California, 1946
Folder 8 Vol. 1: Logic, Nagel, Columbia, 1938-1939
Folder 9 Vol. 2: Logic, Marhenke, University of California, 1947
Folder 10 Vol. 2: Philosophy of Science, Nagel, Columbia, 1939-1940
Folder 11 Vol. 2: Philosophy of Science, Hungerland, University of California, 1947
Folder 12 Vol. 2: Philosophy of Science, Marhenke, University of California, 1947
Folder 13 Vol. 2: Survey of General Psychology, Brown, Harvard University, 1941
Folder 14 Vol. 2: General History of Philosophy, Randall, Jr., Columbia, 1938-1939
Folder 15 Vol. 2: Theory of Value, Perry, Harvard, 1940
Folder 16 Vol. 2: Social Philosophy and Ethical Theory, Schneider, Columbia, 1939
Folder 17 Vol. 3: Ethical Theory, Ross, Columbia, 1939
Folder 18 Vol. 3: Philosophy of Art/Criticism, Columbia, 1938-1939
Folder 19 Vol. 3: The Nature and Theory of History, Randall, Jr., Columbia, 1940
Folder 20 Vol. 4: Plato, Wild, Harvard, 1940
Folder 21 Vol. 4: Public Lectures on Aristotle, Ross, Columbia, 1939
Folder 22 Vol. 4: Aristotle, Randall, Jr., Columbia, 1939
Folder 23 Vol. 4: Aristotle, Hungerland, University of California, 1946
Folder 24 Vol. 4: Hume, Williams, Harvard, 1941
Folder 25 Vol. 4: Hume, Dennes, University of California, 1947
Folder 26 Vol. 4: Kant, Lewis, Harvard, 1940
Folder 27 Vol. 4: German Philosophy from Kant to Nietzsche, Seward, Columbia, 1940

Subseries 2. Student Papers, 1941-1953

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries mostly comprises Benson’s student papers written during his time at California University, Columbia, and Harvard, and a few other items related to this time period. Included are also “Fybate” lecture notes, apparently written by Benson. Fybate was a student-founded business near the Berkeley campus that supplied typed lecture notes, usually compiled by paid graduate students, to students who were unwilling or unable to take their own notes.

The original, chronological order of the material is preserved.


Box 2
Folder 1 "Some Criticisms of an 'Inquiry into Meaning & Truth', Comments by Russell and Carnap, 1941
Folder 2 “Ethics and Logical Positivism,” Comments by Carnap and Perry, 1941
Folder 3 “Prolegomenon to an Empirical Ethic,” comments by Lewis, 1941
Folder 4 “Prolegomenon to an Empirical Ethic,” Paper submitted for Bowen Prize, 1941
Folder 5 “The Philosophy of Psychology,” Comments by Brown, 1941
Folder 6 “Some Remarks on Empirical Knowledge,” 1946
Folder 7 “Categories, Language and Naturalism, Comments by Dennes, 1947
Folder 8 “Summary of Lenzen’s ‘Procedures of Empirical Science’,” 1946-1947
Folder 9 “The Argument of Aristotle’s ‘Posterior Analytics’,” Comments by Hungerland, 1947
Folder 10 “Philip Wylie’s ‘An Essay on Morals’,” Comments by Hungerland, 1947
Folder 11 “Fybate Lecture Notes for Philosophy 10A," 1947-1948
Folder 12 Erich Lehmann: “Notes for Use in Course Mathematics 12,” 1948
Folder 13 “Place of Art in a World of Change,” Magazine-Clipping from Arts and Architecture, October 1948
Folder 14 “The 1945-46 Symposium on Probability,” 1947-1948
Folder 15 “Carnap’s Use of ‘True’ in Meaning and Necessity, 1948

Subseries 3. Professional Papers, 1949-1953

Scope and Content Notes:

The original, chronological order of the material was preserved.

Folder 16 “Carnap Bibliography,” 1949
Folder 17 Untitled Note on a Point in Meaning and Necessity addressed to Mates, 1948
Folder 18 American Philosophical Association Meeting, Program and Abstracts, 1949
Folder 19 Untitled Note on a Point in von Wright, 1949-1950
Folder 20 Suggestion for a Name of Philosophy Club, 1950
Folder 21 Translation from German to English of Tarski’s “The Concept of a True Sentence in Everyday Language,” 1950
Folder 22 “Carnap Bibliography,” 1953
Folder 23 “Comments on Rynin’s The Logic and Semantics of Argument, 1953
Folder 24 Inserts found in Books of Benson's Library

Series II. Material relating to Rudolf Carnap, 1904-1994

Scope and Content Notes:

This series comprises different types of documents which are all authored by or related to Rudolf Carnap. Included are correspondence between Carnap and Benson pertaining primarily to the Schilpp volume, The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap; lecture notes and manuscript drafts authored by Carnap; fragmentary, typed lists with handwritten additions in Carnap’s hand of his research, publications, lectures, and teaching activities; typed discussion notes between Carnap and Wilfrid Sellars; lecture notes by Herbert Feigl; foreign language publications of Carnap’s writings; corrections and additions by Benson sent to Martin Gardner for a revised edition of Carnap’s An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; black and white photographic prints of Rudolf Carnap in class; and a few audio recordings of the Carnap memorial gathering in 1971 and commemorative German radio broadcasts of 1991. Some correspondence and notes concern Carnap’s donations of books and other material to UCLA’s research library and philosophy department. The original, chronological and topical order of the material is preserved.


Box 3
Folder 1 Shorthand Manuals Stolze-Schrey, 1904-1906
Folder 2 Excerpts of Carnap’s Published Writings, Copies and Originals, 1921-1950
Folder 3 “On the Logic of Measurement” by Ernest Nagel, Copy of Article, 1930
Folder 4 Carnap Notes: Wissenschaftliche Vorträge im Ausland, 1935
Folder 5 Reviews by A.J. Ayer of Carnap’s Logical Syntax and by Amethe von Zeppelin of Symbolic Logic and the Philosophy of Science, 1937
Folder 6 Foreign Language Publications of Carnap’s Writings, Journal and Book Excerpts, 1938-1956
Folder 7 Foreign Language Publications of Carnap’s Writings, Journal and Book Excerpts, 1968-1977
Folder 8 An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth by Bertrand Russell: Annotated Galleys, 1940
Folder 9 Carnap Notes: Who Knows – and What, 1948-1952

Box 4
Folder 1 Benson-Carnap Correspondence and Notes, 1953-1970
Folder 2 Remarks on Physicalism and Related Topics: Discussions between Carnap and Wilfrid Sellars, Typescript, 1954
Folder 3 Lecture Notes by Herbert Feigl: “Some Major Issues and Developments in the Philosophy of Science of Logical Empiricism,” 1954
Folder 4 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture I, 1958
Folder 5 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture II, 1958
Folder 6 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture III, 1958
Folder 7 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture IV, 1958
Folder 8 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture V, 1958
Folder 9 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture VI, 1958
Folder 10 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture VII, 1958
Folder 11 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture VIII, 1958
Folder 12 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture IX, 1958
Folder 13 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture X, 1958

Box 5
Folder 1 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture XI, 1958
Folder 2 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture XII, 1958
Folder 3 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture XIII, 1958
Folder 4 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture XIV, 1959
Folder 5 Seminar Lecture Notes “Foundations of Physics,” Lecture XV, 1959
Folder 6 “An Axiom System of Inductive Logic,” First Version, First Part, 1959
Folder 7 “An Axiom System of Inductive Logic,” First Version, Third Part, 1961
Folder 8 “An Axiom System of Inductive Logic,” First Version, Fourth Part, 1963
Folder 9 “An Axiom System of Inductive Logic,” First Version, Fifth (and Last) Part, 1964-1965
Folder 10 Books for UCLA, 1962-1969
Folder 11 Carnap’s Remarks on Gardner Book, 1963
Folder 12 Notes relating to Carnap Bibliography by Benson, 1965-1966
Folder 13 Notes and Correspondence relating to Publications of Carnap’s Writings, 1967-1971
Folder 14 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 4: Pure and Applied Inductive Logic, 1969
Folder 15 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 12: Representative Functions for C, undated
Folder 16 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 13: The Principle of Instantial Relevance, undated

Box 6
Folder 1 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 14: The Attribute Space, undated
Folder 2 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 15: Basic Regions and Admissible Regions in the Attribute Space, undated
Folder 3 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 16: The Analogy Influence, undated
Folder 4 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 17: The Eta Function, undated
Folder 5 “Basic System of Inductive Logic,” Chapter 18: Some Special Kinds of Families, undated
Folder 6 “Inductive Logic and Rational Decisions,” 1969
Folder 7 Carnap Memorial Meeting: Lists of Guests, Correspondence, Expenses, 1971
Folder 8 “Carnap’s Empiricism” by Richard Jeffrey and Letter to Hanna Thost, 1973
Folder 9 An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science of Science: Corrections and Additions by Benson to Martin Gardner, 1994
Folder 10 Photographic Prints: Rudolf Carnap in Class, undated

Box 7
Folder 1 Audio Cassette with Recording of German Radio Broadcast in Honor of Carnap’s 100th Birthday by Gregor Schiemann, 1991
Folder 2 Audio Cassette with Recording of German Radio Broadcast in Honor of Carnap’s 100th Birthday by Willy Hochkeppel, 1991
Folder 3 Audio Tape with Recording of Speeches from the Carnap Memorial Gathering, Part 1, undated
Folder 4 Audio Tape with Recording of Speeches from the Carnap Memorial Gathering, Part 2, undated
Folder 5 Audio Tape with Recording of Carnap’s Voice, mostly from Seminars, 1958-1961
Folder 6 Audio Tape with Recording of Carnap Seminar [?] on Fiske and Peirce & James, 1966
Folder 7 Audio Tape with Recording of Carnap Seminar [?] on Peirce and Fiske, 1966