Summary Information
Title: Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers
Collection Number: SC.1967.04
Creator: Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963

Collection Dates: Bulk, 1936-1963
Collection Dates: 1906-1967
Extent: 27.0 linear feet (45 boxes)

Language: Spanish

The material in this collection is in Spanish.

Abstract:
Ramón Gómez de la Serna was a prolific Spanish-Argentinian poet, novelist, and essayist, who is especially known for creating a new literary genre he named the “greguería.” His works significantly influenced the avant-garde movement in Europe and Latin America. His personal papers consist of approximately 60,000 handwritten notes and manuscripts, clippings, photographs, and annotated first editions from his library from 1906-1967. Digital reproductions of portions of the collection are available online.
Publisher:

ULS Special Collections Department
University of Pittsburgh Library System
Hillman Library, Room 363
3960 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-8190
uls-specialcollections@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

May 2012
Author:

Finding aid prepared by Brigitta Arden.
Revision Description:
2012:
Papers were originally processed in 1971. They were reprocessed producing a revised finding aid in 2011 to enable transfer to AT.

Biography

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Puig was born in 1888 in Madrid, Spain, and died in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1963. His father, Javier Gomez de la Serna and Laguna, was a lawyer, and his mother, Josefa Puig Coronado, was the niece of the romantic Spanish poet Carolina Coronado. Ramón studied law as well but never worked professionally in the field. In 1905, he published his first work entitled “Entrando en fuego.” In 1908, with the support of his father, he founded the literary journal Prometeo. In addition, Ramón wrote for Spanish newspapers such as El Sol, La Voz, and Revista de Occidente, where he was noted for his original character, leading an imaginative and sometimes nihilistic rebellion against a society that he perceived as culturally stagnant. He launched a literary circle in the Café Pombo in Madrid in 1912, where he gathered with other artists and intellectuals such as Tomás Borrás, Manuel Abril, José Bergamín, and José Gutiérrez Solana. At the age of twenty-one, he began an enduring and influential relationship with the early feminist writer Carmen de Burgos, who was twenty years his senior. This relationship inspired the novel La viuda blanca y negra [ The Black and White Widow] (1921).

As early as 1910, Ramón began experimenting with a new literary art form he called the “greguería.” Ramón himself defined the greguería as a mathematical equation: Greguería = Humor + Metaphor. Others have characterized it as a brief, humorous insight expressed in metaphoric language. With his innovative and iconoclastic approach, Ramón had a strong influence on the Spanish avant-garde, the surrealist movement, and on the later 1927 generation of poets and writers.

In the early 1930s, Ramón developed an interest in visiting South America, and an invitation to give some lectures in Argentina provided him with this opportunity. During his first trip, he met his later wife, Luisa Sofovich, in Buenos Aires. Back in the Spain, the outbreak of the Civil War in 1936 surprised him in Madrid. Soon after, he decided to leave for self-exile to Argentina where he remained until his death.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

The Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers consist of approximately 60,000 mostly handwritten notes and manuscripts, which represent the core of the collection. They also include photographs, clippings, and annotated first editions of his published writings. While the collection spans the date ranges between 1906-1967, the bulk of the material dates between 1936-1963.

The manuscripts cover all genres of his literary output such as greguerías, novels, biographies, art books, humoristic pieces, short stories, and dramas. The majority of the documents are undated. They can be found under the “Writings” series, subdivided by the genre, and then by the individual work itself. Ramón also used an extensive amount of clippings from newspapers, magazines, and books for artistic inspiration and research on his projects.

A smaller part of the papers consist of correspondence (e.g. with the dramatist Enrique Jardiel Poncela, Ernesto Bustamante, and Luis de Olarra). Most of the correspondence can be found in the correspondence series; however, in some cases the biographies subseries holds correspondence as well, for example in the case of Macedonio Fernández and Gutiérrez Solana.

Furthermore, the papers feature photographs and personal documents, such as posthumous clippings by Luisa Sofovich on Ramón’s life and work, educational and legal certificates, as well as address books. Please note that most of the material is sparsely dated, therefore date-ranges could often not be established for folder contents.


Arrangement

The papers are organized according to the following series:

Series I. Biographical and Personal Material

Series II. Writings

Series III. Correspondence

Series IV. Clippings


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Aphorisms and apothegms
  • Aphorisms and apothegms in literature
  • Authors, Spanish -- 20th century
  • Authors, Spanish American -- 20th century
  • Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
  • Literature, Experimental

Personal Names
  • Coronado, Carolina, 1820-1911
  • Fernández, Macedonio, 1874-1952
  • Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963
  • Ortega y Gasset, José, 1883-1955
  • Sofovich, Luisa

Locations
  • Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  • Madrid (Spain)

Genres/Forms
  • Clippings (Information artifacts)
  • Manuscripts (Document genre)
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Personal papers

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Aquired from Ramón Gómez de la Serna’s widow, Luisa Sofovich, on April 1, 1967.

Alternate Format:

Digital reproductions of portions of the collection are available within the finding aid.

Preferred Citation:

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Papers, 1906-1967, SC.1967.04, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

Previous Citation:

Ramón Gómez de la Serna Collection.

Processing Information:

Most of the descriptive content was created by Professor Alan Hoyle with additional processing work by Ms. Nagy in 1971; revised by Brigitta Arden in 2011-2012.

Copyright:

All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh.

Related Material:

Please note that the books of Ramón Gómez de la Serna's library are cataloged with the book holdings of Special Collections. They can be located by searching PittCat Classic for the keywords "Ramón Gómez de la Serna Collection" in the keyword search option and choosing “MFHD public note” in the “Search by” box.


Collection Inventory

Series I. Biographical and Personal Material, 1906-1966

Scope and Content Notes:

This series comprises a variety of documents reflecting Ramón’s personal life, consisting of educational and medical documents, awards, posthumous clippings, and photographs. The series is divided into four subseries, each representing those different areas.

Subseries 1. Biographical Documents, 1906-1958

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries consists mostly of Ramón’s biographical documents, such as his certificate of baptism, passport, identity card, law degree diploma from the Universidad de Oviedo, correspondence from the Spanish Ministry of Justice referring to Ramón’s employment in the administration. Also found here are two address notebooks listing the writer’s friends and acquaintances from an early date, including artistic and literary people prominent in the 1920s.


Box 1
Folder 1 Ministry of Justice Correspondence, 1906-1933
Folder 2 Certificates, 1949 and 1963
Folder 3 ID Card (Argentina) and Passport (Spain), 1936 and 1958
Folder 4 Address Books: “Francia, Paris” and Other
Folder 5 "El postal": First Book Authored by Ramón, 1902

Subseries 2. Enfermedad Ramón, 1958-1962

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón’s own notes, medical reports, and clippings document the effects of certain drugs and his weight loss. Discussed are also a philosophy of death and illness, antidotes for poisons, and the effects of drugs on illness.

Folder 6 Loose Notes, 1958-1962
Folder 7 Lab Reports, 1962
Folder 8 "Regimen": Notes on Diet and Prescriptions, 1961
Folder 9 Clippings

Subseries 3. Premio Madrid, 1962

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries features material on a literary award won by Gómez de la Serna in 1962 named “Premio Madrid” by the Juan March Foundation.

Folder 10 Correspondence, 1962
Folder 11 Newspaper Clippings, 1962

Subseries 4. Artículos Necrológicos, 1938-1966

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries represents an extensive collection of newspaper clippings about Gómez de la Serna, apparently compiled by Luisa Sofovich, featuring primarily obituaries or reviews of his life and work, some having been published before his death.

Folder 12 Newspaper Clippings, Authors A-J, 1960-1965
Folder 13 Newspaper Clippings, Authors K-Z, 1938-1966

Box 2
Folder 1 Newspaper Clippings, Unidentified Author, 1940-1966
Folder 2 Newspaper Clippings, Images, and Graphic Items on Funeral, Drawings, Death Notices, 1960, 1963, and undated
Folder 3 Newspaper Clippings, Images, and Graphic Items on Funeral, Drawings, Death Notices, 1960, 1963, and undated
Folder 4 Radio Broadcast Transcription of a Posthumous Homage to Ramón Gómez de la Serna from L.S.1. Radio Municipal de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, January 13, 1963
Folder 5 Newspaper Clippings, Unidentified Fragments

Subseries 5. Photographs, "Reproducciónes de fotos de Ramón y Luisita," 1931-1955

Scope and Content Notes:

The photographs show Ramón at various ages, in his study, with others, and together with Luisa Sofovich. Luisa Sofovich herself is depicted in several images, as well as photographic reproductions of artwork featuring Ramón, and clippings of drawings and caricatures representing Ramón.


Box 3
Folder 1 Ramón
Folder 2 Ramón in His Study
Folder 3 Ramón and Others
Folder 4 Ramón and Luisa Sofovich, 1931-1955
Folder 5 Luisa Sofovich
Folder 6 Photographic Reproductions of Artistic Representations of Ramón
Folder 7 Clippings of Drawings and Caricatures Representing Ramón

Series II. Writings

Scope and Content Notes:

As the core of the papers, Ramón’s writings represent the whole spectrum of his literary output such as novels, biographies, short stories, journalism, and of course, greguerías. This series is subdivided into subseries according to genre, and then organized into sections according to the title of the individual work if applicable.

Subseries 1. Greguerías, 1949-1962

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries compiles a wide range of material documenting Ramón’s creative work, research, and interest in greguerías, including his own drawings to illustrate greguerías, demonstrating the graphic aspect of the genre; his lecture notes and scripts for public presentations; anthologies of phrases and sayings in related style selected from a wide range of authors; his notes and explorations into associated subject areas such as humor and the metaphor; and a compilation of heavily annotated manuscript pages and clippings of his greguerías for a future book project.

Folder 8 Loose Greguería Notes and Unidentified Fragments
Folder 9 Loose Greguería Notes
Folder 10 "Conferencia Greguería," Lecture Notes
Folder 11 "Porqué se llaman greguerías," Lecture Notes
Folder 12 "Nueva explicación de las greguerías," Typescript
Folder 13 Radioscript by Ramón on Greguerías, 1949
Folder 14 Clippings on the Subject of "Metáforas" by Various Authors
Folder 15 "Prólogo – Greguería": Greguerías and Notes about Greguerías by Ramón
Folder 16 Humoristic Notes by Ramón and Others
Folder 17 Humoristic Notes by Ramón and Others
Folder 18 Clippings of Humoristic Sayings by Ramón and Others

Box 4
Folder 1 "Il «Refranero» attribuito al Marqués Santillana," by G.M. Bertini, Clipping of Published Article, 1955
Folder 2 Greguerías illustradas, Items 1-95
Folder 3 Greguerías illustradas, Items 96-133
Folder 4 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-80
Folder 5 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 81-165
Folder 6 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 166-248
Folder 7 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-81
Folder 8 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 82-156
Folder 9 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-64
Folder 10 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-90
Folder 11 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 91-176
Folder 12 "Gregues:" Compilation of Phrases from a Range of Authors, Items 1-62
Folder 13 "Clarín Gregues": Clippings of Ramón’s Published Greguerías from ABC, Clarín, and Maybe Other Publications

Box 5
Folder 1 "Greguerías últimas escogidas," 1962
Folder 2 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1962
Folder 3 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959
Folder 4 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959
Folder 5 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1959
Folder 6 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro"
Folder 7 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1958-1962
Folder 8 "Nuevas greguerías: Inéditas en libro," 1961
Folder 9 Annotated Published Greguería Clippings

Subseries 2. Novels

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries documents Ramón’s work as a novelist. It is divided into sections to reflect a specific subgenre, such as short stories (novelas cortas), or a specific work.

Section: Novelas Cortas

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains a collection of the author’s published short stories, most of them in form of clippings of the original pages of the paperback first editions.


Box 6
Folder 1 "La abandonada en el Rastro"
Folder 2 "Aquella novela"
Folder 3 "La donna de Kikir" (Italian Version of "La Fúnebre")
Folder 4 "Los dos marineros"
Folder 5 "Ella & Ella – El & El"
Folder 6 "La fúnebre"
Folder 7 "La gallipava"
Folder 8 "La gangosa"
Folder 9 "Leopoldo y Teresa"
Folder 10 "El joven de las sobremesas"
Folder 11 "La malicia de las acacias"
Folder 12 "Maria Yarsilovna"
Folder 13 "El miedo al mar"
Folder 14 "La mujer vestida de hombre"
Folder 15 "El olor de las mimosas"
Folder 16 "El regalo al doctor"
Folder 17 "A ruiva" (Portuguese Version of "La roja") translated by Rogerio García Pérez
Folder 18 "La saturada"
Folder 19 "La tormenta"
Folder 20 "El turco de los nardos" and "El vegetariano" (title page only)

Section: Hombre de alambre

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains drafts, fragments, and notes for the until recently unpublished novel El Hombre de alambre illustrating the early stages of Ramón’s creative process. Most of the drafts form a complete narrative or dialogue in themselves but the linking material and the development of the novel as a whole are still lacking. The central character is an old and lonely emigrant whose personality is constructed through the metaphor of wire. Disillusioned, he metaphorically transforms his essential being into wires in order to make himself immune to sorrow. As death approaches, he begins an interior dialogue in which he finds the meaning of life and reconciles himself both to himself and to the idea of death, finally dying in a state of peace.

Folder 21 "Hotel Faraón"
Folder 22 "Alambre"
Folder 23 "Diálogo con el errante Yaquito"
Folder 24 "Llega la niña que quiere entrar"
Folder 25 "Sobre la Novela"
Folder 26 "Anden de Francia"
Folder 27 "Cajón de Embalaje"
Folder 28 "Mujeres de los alrededores de la casilla"
Folder 29 "Viviendo en mi castillo"
Folder 30 "Porque se convierte en alambre"
Folder 31 "Como era lo casilla"
Folder 32 "El secreto de la vida o lo que es vivir"
Folder 33 "Principio-Porque se volvió de alambre (Final/Sensación Buenos Aires)"

Box 7
Folder 1 "Vivir en las afueras"/"De su vivir en la casilla"
Folder 2 "Lo que es el alambrismo—Principio"
Folder 3 "Prólogo”/“Vuelta a la ciudad"
Folder 4 "Mujeres"
Folder 5 "Pesimismo emigrante"
Folder 6 "Cancer"
Folder 7 "Asaltante"
Folder 8 "En el palacete prestado"
Folder 9 "Escena en el café"
Folder 10 "El hombre de alambre"
Folder 11 "El hombre que fue una S de hierro"
Folder 12 "El palo blanco"
Folder 13 "Final"
Folder 14 "Vistas increíbles" (Part of "El hombre que fue una S")
Folder 15 Unidentified Fragment
Folder 16 Unidentified Fragment
Folder 17 Unidentified Fragment (related to folder 7-10)
Folder 18 Unidentified Fragment (pulled from folder “Cajones y sillas”)
Folder 19 "Alambrismo," by Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Cutting from Saber Vivir, 1956

Section: Los muertos

Scope and Content Notes:

The manuscripts and clippings comprised in this section were most likely compiled in preparation for the novel Los muertos y las muertas ( Espasa Calpe, 1961, Madrid, 3rd ed.), representing reflections on death with a mixture of wit, anguish and stoicism, providing an interesting addition to the author’s frequent treatment of the theme. Most of the notes probably belong to the mid and late 1950s, though some are earlier and several might have been written in the last two or three years of his life.

Folder 20 Loose Notes
Folder 21 Loose Notes
Folder 22 "Muertos (archivado)"
Folder 23 "Calavera"

Box 8
Folder 1 "Loose Notes"
Folder 2 "Esqueletos"
Folder 3 "Los muertos y las muertas"
Folder 4 "Calavera—Greco o muerto"
Folder 5 "Cosas de cementerio"
Folder 6 "Sobre la cremación"
Folder 7 Published Clippings, Mostly on Epitaphs, by Unknown Authors
Folder 8 Published Clippings, Mostly on Epitaphs, by Unknown Authors

Section: El corral del matarife

Scope and Content Notes:

These are fragments for a novel or short story entitled “El matarife” that was never completed. About half of the fragments can be placed with certainty in the author’s period in Buenos Aires. The story is a piece of expressive, often macabre realism set in a Castilian village where the local butcher is found to have committed several atrocious murders. There are partial sketches of two village characters, of a coalman who has converted a palace into a coal shed, of the slaughterer’s yard contrasting against the otherwise peaceful setting, and a piece on public executions.

Folder 9 "El artesonado de la carbonería"
Folder 10 "El corral del matarife"
Folder 11 "El deudor" (Fragment)
Folder 12 "El papus del pueblo"
Folder 13 Unidentified Title
Folder 14 Published Clippings

Section: 5: Novela América—Novela conquista: "Los adelantados"

Scope and Content Notes:

Notes for a novel about the conquistadors. The author sympathizes with the idea of Spanish patriots far away from Spain. This project seems to have been abandoned after 1949.

Folder 15 "Los adelantados"

Section: Toros–Páramo

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises articles on the subject of bullfighting in general as well as material for a novel on bullfighting. There are three manuscript articles: “Toreros de paso”; a lecture given in the Club Taurino of Caracas; and the third, “Tarde de toros,” is possibly a radio script and was also published as an article in Peru in 1945, and probably again later in “Temas,” N.Y. Most of the above material was written no later than 1945, although parts of the first article are later, but certainly before 1949. The theme is an exaltation of the bullfight, which is justified in terms of heroism, tragic catharsis, and religious symbolism. Noticeable is an implicit Spanish patriotic attitude, adding a forced, exaggerated tone. The material for the novel El torero Páramo represents an attempt at a continuation of El torero Caracho (1926), at the end of which Páramo appeared as the promising new matador. He has developed mystical tendencies and saintly habits and wished to retire and devote himself to the priesthood. The Catholic tone of ascetic renunciation contrasts strongly with the earlier novel.

There are many sheets of completed narrative and also notes, some of them written after 1952, but the majority are previous to 1949. Finally, there are two unique manuscript sheets sketching out a plan for part of the novel, in the form of a brief episode for each chapter up to the 6th. This plan, however, together with the sheets of finished dialogue involving a dispute between two rival woman, do not refer to the religious motif, but recall rather the situation of El torero Caracho, thus probably belonging to an earlier date.

Folder 16 Loose Notes
Folder 17 "El secreto de volver a torear"
Folder 18 "Tarde de toros"
Folder 19 "El torero Páramo"
Folder 20 "Toreros de paso"
Folder 21 Unidentified Title (Dialog)
Folder 22 Unidentified Title (Lecture)
Folder 23 Unidentified Title
Folder 24 Published Clippings

Section: Las tres gracias

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises the handwritten drafts for the novel Las tres gracias (novela madrileña de invierno), published by Editorial Perseo, Madrid in 1949.

Folder 25 Original Cover
Folder 26 "Preludio"
Folder 27 Chapter 1
Folder 28 Chapter 2-5
Folder 29 Chapters 6-7
Folder 30 Chapters 8-9
Folder 31 Chapters 10-15

Box 9
Folder 1 Chapters 16-18
Folder 2 Chapters 19-20
Folder 3 Chapters 21-23
Folder 4 Chapters 24-30
Folder 5 Chapters 31-34

Section: Zoo

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains impressions about the zoo and its animals both in form of manuscripts and clippings of published articles by the author. Many of the drafts are ideas or narrative fragments for the chapter of a novel to be set in a zoo. This proposed novel is entitled Vida, pasión y muerte de un humorista. Listed among Ramón’s works as early as 1923, it was never published and it seems he was still working on it in the 1950s, although most of the material here is probably from the early 1940s or earlier. Some of it was also destined for another chapter in which the protagonist “Ramón” investigates the world of fish and includes a humorous, fantastic episode involving his own pet goldfish. It is possible that the plans for the novel had been abandoned and the material was then consolidated to eventually produce a book on the zoo.

Folder 6 Original Cover
Folder 7 "Peor escultor del mundo"
Folder 8 Loose Notes
Folder 9 Loose Notes: "Pez"
Folder 10 "Compañeros de jaula"
Folder 11 "La ex-cebra"
Folder 12 "Paseos por el zoo"
Folder 13 "Peces"
Folder 14 "Robo de colmillos"
Folder 15 "Voy a hacerme foca"
Folder 16 Unidentified Fragment ("El humorista en el parque zoológico")
Folder 17 Unidentified Fragment ("Peces")
Folder 18 Unidentified Fragment ("Peces")
Folder 19 Unidentified Fragment ("Peces")
Folder 20 Unidentified Fragment ("Humorista")
Folder 21 Unidentified Fragment ("Humorista")
Folder 22 Unidentified Fragment ("Pez")
Folder 23 Unidentified Fragment
Folder 24 Published Clippings
Folder 25 Animal Photo Clippings
Folder 26 Typed Letter from Carlos Marelli, Zoo Director, to Dr. Pablo González Escarrá, Minister of Public Works, 1942

Subseries 3. Essays and Articles

Scope and Content Notes:

This subseries features various essays and articles authored by Ramón Gómez de la Serna, both in form of manuscripts and published clippings. The subseries is again divided into sections in order to reflect the original organization of those writings by Ramón himself.

Section: "Para poder salir de viaje"

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón comprised several manuscript drafts and published clippings under the above heading. It is not clear how the original title relates to the content of this section. The folders are labeled according to the title of the draft or clipping it contains. The folder “Los caucheros” has little to do with its title and may be a fragment of a larger narrative. It offers a glimpse of the author’s attitude to his wife, “la mujer ideal,” and to love as a solace after a failed attempt to attain the secret of life represented by an imaginary walk in the forest. “Diálogo mázcara” takes the form of a poetically imaginative and witty dialogue between Ramón and a masked woman (“El” and “Yo” respectively). The first half is in Luisa Sofovich’s hand, the latter in Ramón’s. It may be a collaboration, although the piece is stylistically homogeneous. There is also a manuscript fragment of an article in which Ramón embarks on his own peculiar cosmovision, entitled “El huevo sideral,” dated September 1942. “Convivir con la hormiga” (1955) is another essay that is present in both manuscript form and as a published clipping. The folders are arranged alphabetically according to title. An asterisk behind the folder title indicates that its published version is included with the published clippings folder.


Box 10
Folder 1 "Auriculares"
Folder 2 "Una barquillera"
Folder 3 "El campo y sus mosquitos"
Folder 4 "Los Caucheros"
Folder 5 "Convivir con la hormiga"*
Folder 6 "Diálogo máscara"
Folder 7 "El estudio de Zuluoga"
Folder 8 "Evocación de un poeta romántico"
Folder 9 "Ganancias del escritor"
Folder 10 "El huevo sideral"
Folder 11 "Li-Tai-Poh y la poesía chino-japonesa"*
Folder 12 "Navidad caliente"
Folder 13 "Nombres de America"
Folder 14 "Un nuevo mar"
Folder 15 "Un santo patrono para la T.V."
Folder 16 "Sobre las campanas"
Folder 17 Untitled Mansucript ("El marqués de Villena"?)
Folder 18 Clippings of Published Articles
Folder 19 Clippings of Published Articles
Folder 20 Clippings of Published Articles
Folder 21 Clippings of Published Articles
Folder 22 Original Cover of Contents entitled "Para poder salir de viaje"

Section: Brujas

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains Ramón’s handwritten notes of Goyesque inspiration, revealing a somewhat sarcastic antipathy for old women.


Box 11
Folder 1 Loose Notes 1-63
Folder 2 Loose Notes 64-120

Section: Teatro, 1941 and 1948

Scope and Content Notes:

Besides a few general ideas on the theatre, this section comprises mainly notes, sketches, and occasional pieces of dialogue for plays that were apparently never written. Included are 13 sheets in Luisa Sofovich’s hand and a dialogue entitled “Te absurdo.” Two folders carry the dates 1941 and 1948, and it seems that most of the items belong to this time period.

Folder 3 Original Cover
Folder 4 "¿Por Qué Nos Mataste?," Comedia tragica
Folder 5 "Encuentro en el más alla," Tragicomedia en tres actos
Folder 6 "Jardín del Eden," Comedia
Folder 7 "Proyectos obras"
Folder 8 "Proyectos obras"
Folder 9 "Teatro sin nadie"
Folder 10 "Una mujer cualquiera"
Folder 11 "La calumniada"
Folder 12 "Tres tes absurdos"
Folder 13 "Té absurdo" ("Bernabé")
Folder 14 "La carta en la tumba" and "Encefalitis caballar"

Section: Buenos Aires

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises mostly impressions of Buenos Aires, possibly in preparation for a new or enlarged edition of Explicación de Buenos Aires, which first appeared in Madrid in 1950, and fragments of which were included in Luisa Sofovich’s Ramón Gómez de la Serna (Ediciones Culturales Argentinas, 1962). Featured are published clippings that reflect an optimistic, picturesque impressionism; and Ramón’s manuscript notes that, for the most part, reveal some disillusionment and distaste for an immoral and materialistic environment. The folder “El tigre” contains notes and fragments of a narrative, apparently a continuation of a short story already published under the same title in La nación (cf. fragment of the published clipping, dated Madrid, September 1940). The theme is that of crime and perdition on the group of islands of the same name, when an innocent visitor becomes embroiled in a house party and suspects his wife of having been seduced. Other folders contain notes and documentation on toothpicks (palillos) or a list of epitaphs presumably destined for a novel that did not materialize (announced as early as 1932 in “Policéfalo y Señora” with the title “Tremedal americano pasión de otras estrellas”). In fact, several notes bearing the heading “Trembladeral” are scattered around in other folders. Two manuscript articles are entitled respectively “Yo he sido un gordo” and “Recuerdo de Keyserling.”


Box 12
Folder 1 Transcription of Selected Notes from Box 12
Folder 2 "Maritimas y fluviales," "Sarmiento," "El botánico de aquí," and Other Notes
Folder 3 "El tigre," Loose Notes
Folder 4 "El tigre," Manuscript Pages
Folder 5 "El tigre," Manuscript Fragments
Folder 6 "Palillos"
Folder 7 "Misterios de Buenos Aires"
Folder 8 "Calles especializadas" — "La gran calle Florida"
Folder 9 "Replica de los botánicos—El botánico aquí"
Folder 10 "Hay que regar las calles"
Folder 11 "Piano de remate"
Folder 12 "Buenos Aires"
Folder 13 "Tormenta de Santa Rosa"
Folder 14 "Plaza Miserere"
Folder 15 "Bodrio"
Folder 16 "Avenida de mayo"
Folder 17 Loose Notes
Folder 18 "Temario: 'Bancos de flores'": Manuscripts and Clippings
Folder 19 "Buenos Aires: plano general"
Folder 20 "Recuerdo de Keyserling"
Folder 21 "Corrientes, Florida y la diagonal"
Folder 22 Loose Notes, Items 227-238

Box 13
Folder 1 "Esquelas que intercalar para tembladeral": Epitaphs
Folder 2 "La pampa"
Folder 3 "El porvenir"
Folder 4 "Prólogo a Explicación de Buenos Aires de Ramón Gómez de la Serna"
Folder 5 "Yo he sido un gordo y me ha ido bien con esa figura maciza y ancha"
Folder 6 Unidentified Fragments about Buenos Aires
Folder 7 Unidentified Fragments about Buenos Aires
Folder 8 Manuscript Fragments about "El frio en Buenos Aires" and "La barriguita"
Folder 9 Manuscript Fragment (Dialog)
Folder 10 Published Clippings by Ramón and Others

Section: Romanticismo

Scope and Content Notes:

Gathered here are documents, graphic materials, clippings of Ramón’s own articles on the subject, and 23 large manuscript sheets (numbered 2-26, with 6 and 7 missing). The latter are probably lecture notes defending a romantic way of life and repeating what is said in the first chapter to the Carolina Coronado biography.


Box 14
Folder 1 "Romanticismo Español": Book and Newspaper Clippings
Folder 2 "Cosas mias publicadas": Manuscript Pages and Published Clippings
Folder 3 "Romanticos Catalanes": Manuscript Pages and Published Clippings
Folder 4 "Romanticismo": Manuscript Fragment
Folder 5 "Romanticismo": Notes
Folder 6 "Romanticismo": Notes and Clippings
Folder 7 "Poetas menores del Romanticismo: Francisco Zea, Ros de Olano, Tertulia María Nodier, Tasara, Garcia Gutierrez, Menéndez Valdés"
Folder 8 "Grafica Romanticismo": Clippings of Images
Folder 9 "Romanticismo y armas al hombre" by Adriano de Valle: Article Clipping
Folder 10 "Historia universal romanticismo": Article Clippings
Folder 11 "Cosas periodistícas Romanticismo": Article Clippings
Folder 12 "Archivado Espronceda": Article Clippings and Some Notes on José de Espronceda
Folder 13 "La Avellaneda": Article Clippings on Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda
Folder 14 "Romanticismo americano": Article Clippings
Folder 15 "Archivado Cadalso": Article Clippings on José Cadalso
Folder 16 "José Zorrilla": Article Clippings on José Zorrilla
Folder 17 "Duque de Rivas": Article Clippings on Duque de Rivas
Folder 18 "Carolina Coronado": Article Clippings on Carolina Coronado, 1951
Folder 19 "Romanticismo": Notes and Article Clippings on Romanticism

Box 15
Folder 1 "Fígaro" (Mariano José de Larra): Article Clippings, Notes, and Manuscript Drafts
Folder 2 "Don Miguel de Mañara": Article Clippings and Notes
Folder 3 "Don Juan": Article Clippings and Some Notes
Folder 4 "Don Juan": Article Clippings
Folder 5 "Don Juan de Zorrilla": Article Clippings and Some Notes
Folder 6 "Grafica Don Juan": Image Clippings of Don Miguel de Mañara

Section: Editores

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises Ramón’s loose notes expressing a repetitive and almost obsessive tirade against publishers for their immoral exploitation of the writer.

Folder 7 Original Cover of Notes “Editores”
Folder 8 Loose Notes, Items 1-89
Folder 9 Loose Notes, Items 90-185
Folder 10 Loose Notes, Items 186-287

Section: Temas diferentes

Scope and Content Notes:

As its title indicates, this section holds notes for Ramón’s newspaper articles dealing with a variety of subjects including prehistoric animals, subway bars, ‘genocide’ as opposed to genocide, the immodesty of women bathers, modern youth, capitalism and the perversion of money, clocks, allergies, modern sculpture, bells, butterflies, teddy bears, Russians and the moon, animal skulls symbolizing America, frying pans and cookery, and—more voluminously—on frogs and toads, and ‘Sunday’. Included are also manuscript drafts on a variety of topics, such as the minute forms of life found in the encyclopedia and on unmarked handkerchiefs. Notes on any one subject may be the result of an accumulation over a period of ten years or more.

Folder 11 "Lo cursi": Notes and Clippings
Folder 12 "Invencía/Mocedad Mocerío"
Folder 13 Loose Notes
Folder 14 "Barlovento y virazón"
Folder 15 "El balduque y el brulote"
Folder 16 Loose Notes
Folder 17 "El genocidio"
Folder 18 "Claro de la luna"

Box 16
Folder 1 Loose Notes
Folder 2 "Azafrán y pimientón"
Folder 3 "Sartenes"
Folder 4 Loose Notes and Clippings
Folder 5 "Bares del subterráneo"
Folder 6 Loose Notes
Folder 7 "Saurios"
Folder 8 "Diccionario"
Folder 9 "Relojes y tiempo"
Folder 10 "Ranas y sapos"
Folder 11 "Esqueleto campo"
Folder 12 "Esqueletos en el campo"
Folder 13 "El dinero"
Folder 14 "Barbas"
Folder 15 "Humorismo"
Folder 16 "Tallarines"
Folder 17 "Alegría"
Folder 18 "Domingo"
Folder 19 "Arboles: Cultura del plátano"
Folder 20 "Afilador"
Folder 21 "Mariposas"
Folder 22 "El fotógrafo"
Folder 23 "Los rusos y la luna"
Folder 24 "Osos de los niños"
Folder 25 "Las haches y el la y el le"
Folder 26 Loose Notes
Folder 27 "Cosas oro," Manuscript
Folder 28 "Escultores," Manuscript
Folder 29 "Esqueletos del campo," Manuscript
Folder 30 "Los fotógrafos artísticos," Manuscript
Folder 31 "Multitud en las cornisas," Manuscript
Folder 32 "Osos," Manuscript
Folder 33 "Pañuelos sin marcar," Manuscript
Folder 34 "Predilección por los ositos," Manuscript
Folder 35 "Radiolarios, espongiarios y otros más," Manuscript
Folder 36 "Los saurios y las noches sauricas," Manuscript
Folder 37 "Trajes baño," Manuscript
Folder 38 Untitled (Related to "Radiolarios"), Manuscript
Folder 39 "Dias de Chimenea," Manuscript
Folder 40 "El matador de Guisando," Typescript
Folder 41 "En la ciudad desproporcionada," Manuscript
Folder 42 Clippings of Published Articles by Ramón and Others

Section: Sobre novela y novela corta y cuento

Scope and Content Notes:

The documents in this section consist of two fragments of typescript, four annotated clippings, and over a hundred manuscript notes. They contain ideas either not included in or—the majority—subsequent to the publication of the essay “Novelismo” in Ismoa (2nd ed. Buenos Aires, 1947), reflecting Ramón’s conception of the novel and short story.


Box 17
Folder 1 Original Cover of Material
Folder 2 Transcription of Selected Items
Folder 3 "Novela/Ideas sobre la novela"
Folder 4 "La novela"
Folder 5 "Notas para una nueva novela"
Folder 6 "Sobre la novela"
Folder 7 "La novela"
Folder 8 "El cuento"

Section: Caprichos y fantasmagorías

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón describes the caprichos represented here in subheadings as surreal, absurd, humorous, and terrifying. Most of them are in form of brief notes; others are longer pieces on manuscript pages. Apparently, some of the caprichos were originally intended for inclusion in the novel El hombre perdido.


Box 18
Folder 1 "Caprichos"
Folder 2 "Un pelo volante"
Folder 3 "Caprichos para España"
Folder 4 "Muy surrealistas y absurdistas"
Folder 5 "Terríficos"
Folder 6 "Diálogo de las tazas" and "Aerolandia," Manuscripts
Folder 7 "Caprichos," Manuscript
Folder 8 "Caprichos surrealistas," Manuscript
Folder 9 "El elefante cleptomano," Manuscript
Folder 10 "El que borró el crimen," Manuscript
Folder 11 "El órgano carcelario," Manuscript

Section: Ballet—Antropofagia

Scope and Content Notes:

Documents in this section comprise impressions and ideas on night clubs, modern and classical ballet, exhibiting an attitude of puritanical censure towards the promiscuous, venal sexual behaviors of the modern city, expressed through the wit and humor of metaphor.


Box 19
Folder 1 "Cabaret," Notes
Folder 2 "Ballet—Antropofagia," Notes

Section: Corrigiendo retratos

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains revised notes, drafts, and published clippings concerning some of Ramón’s biographical sketches of several individuals, including Colette, Francisco Villaespesa, Manuel Machado, and Pío Baroja.

Folder 3 Loose Notes and Clippings
Folder 4 "Baroja y Villaespesa," Manuscript
Folder 5 "Manuel Machado," Typescript
Folder 6 "Oración para el poeta," Typescript
Folder 7 "Colette," Clipping
Folder 8 Unidentified Title ("Colette"), Clipping
Folder 9 Unidentified Title ("Baroja"), Clipping
Folder 10 Unidentified Title ("Prólogo corrigiendo"), Clipping

Section: Futuros ensayos

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón’s mostly handwritten notes in this section reveal critical commentaries on the modern world: the corruptive and false illusion of the cinema exposing the secret aspirations of society; the truck as an image for the machine culture as well as the revolutionary violence of the workers; airplanes and cars and a modern obsession with speed and travel divert man from his true spiritual nature; banks ought to modify their structure in order to end exploitation.


Box 20
Folder 1 "Cine"
Folder 2 "Cultura del camión"
Folder 3 "Autos—Velocidad—Turismo"
Folder 4 "Avión"
Folder 5 "El león"
Folder 6 "Bancos"
Folder 7 "Icaza"
Folder 8 "El eco"

Section: Cartas a las golondrinas

Scope and Content Notes:

Featured here are phrases and fragments for one or more uncompleted “Cartas a las golondrinas.” They have apparently been partly transcribed and arranged by Luisa Sofovich to create a posthumous letter to the swallows.


Box 21
Folder 1 "Carta golondrinas," Loose Notes
Folder 2 "Carta póstuma a las golondrinas," Annotated Typescript
Folder 3 "Cartas al las golondrinas," Published Clipping

Section: "Prólogos"

Scope and Content Notes:

In these notes, Ramón recorded ideas on aesthetics and artistic reality in general, commenting on his own work and lamenting the social realism of the post-war Spanish generation.

Folder 4 "Realismo"
Folder 5 "Estética literaria"
Folder 6 "Ultima Estética"
Folder 7 Unidentified Typescript, Fragment
Folder 8 "La literatura," Fragment

Section: Tiempo y reloj

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises notes, fragments, and clippings that are discussing the topics of time and time-keeping.

Folder 9 Tiempo y reloj

Section: Revés del circo

Scope and Content Notes:

The documents in this folder include impressions of the circus, especially with regard to clowns and elephants. There are hints at investigating the mysterious, perhaps Freudian, side of the circus.

Folder 10 Revés del circo

Section: Rupestre, Barroco, Renacimiento

Scope and Content Notes:

Comprised here are Ramón’s definitions and descriptions of the Baroque, considering it in a larger historical perspective as a peculiar Spanish religious phenomenon. In the Renaissance section, Ramón claims that Spain’s Catholicism defended the country from the paganism of that period and from the austerity of the Reformation. He argues that the baroque period was more inspired by the prospect of the New World than by a counter movement to the Reformation. In other folders, one can find an article condemning communist–inspired murals, some ideas on paintings in general, and on Spanish cave paintings in particular. Most of the material here can be dated to the 1940s and reveals Ramón’s desire to study the myth of the ‘eternal Spain’. Some manuscripts are drafts for radio talks and may also have been published in the press.


Box 22
Folder 1 "Barroco—Renacimiento"
Folder 1 "Lo rupestre"
Folder 3 "Cuevas de España"
Folder 4 "Pintura" (Fragment)
Folder 5 "Pintura mural"
Folder 6 "Rococó—Renacimiento"
Folder 7 "Bodas de América y España"
Folder 8 "El renacimiento": Radio Script, 1940

Section: España

Scope and Content Notes:

This section includes memories and impressions of Madrid during the Monarchy and Ramón’s childhood. Present are also notes on Calderón, Quixote, Jorge Manrique, Lópe de Vega, an article on the history of Madrid and on the town Paredes de Nava, birthplace of Jorge Manrique, Pedro Berruguetes, and General San Martín. A large part of the documents consists of three manuscript articles. “Repetición de España” is about the eternal, unchanging character of the country, with its spiritual wealth despite, or rather because of, its poverty and sobriety. The second, “Perspectiva de España,” deals with the author’s sense of mission of seeing Spain from a true perspective, an idealized one, and describing it to South America. He sees the new nationalist Spain as the eternal Spain, which has been saved and rejuvenated, displaying an almost ingenuous faith in the truth of his vision. The third article, “Castilla antes del milenio,” discusses the historic Castile, which he exalts as representing the central essence of Spain.


Box 23
Folder 1 "Madrid"
Folder 2 "España e Hispano-Americanismo"
Folder 3 "Perspective de España"
Folder 4 "Repetición de España"
Folder 5 "El surgente Madrid"
Folder 6 "Castilla antes del milenio"
Folder 7 "Cante jondo"
Folder 8 "Calderón"
Folder 9 About Spanish Art, Radioscript Fragment
Folder 10 About Spanish Art, Manuscript Fragment
Folder 11 "Paredes de Nava, Jorge Manrique, Los Berruguete y el General San Martín"
Folder 12 "Lope"
Folder 13 "Pedro de Mena"
Folder 14 Published Clippings

Section: Bio, España, política, archivar, ida y vuelta a España, 1949

Scope and Content Notes:

This is a compilation of political notes reflecting Ramón’s views on the Second Republic, the civil war, his 1949 visit to Spain, and his political ideas in general. They provide further context for his declared allegiance to Franco, a fact he did not discuss in Automoribundia. He looks back with nostalgia to the relative calm of the monarchy, without sympathy for the Republic and its disorders, whose causes he attributes primarily to the socialist and communist movements. Apart from Franco, the only politicians referred to are Republicans, and all are subjected to bitter, scathing criticism: Alvarez del Vayo, Negrín, Araguistaín, Manuel Azaña, and Indalecio Prieto. Ramón favored the establishment of a Catholic military dictatorship to prevent a communist revolution and to maintain stability at all costs. His journey to Madrid in 1949 appears to not have been the success he had hoped for because his impressions are far from enthusiastic, and he seems to have returned embittered to Buenos Aires. Later notes commenting on the contemporary world—reference is made to the Polaris missile—reveal a feeling of increasing isolation and despair at the world.


Box 24
Folder 1 "Banquete a Montero Alonso"
Folder 2 Various Political Notes
Folder 3 "Cuestión Española"
Folder 4 Various Political Notes
Folder 5 "Revolución Española"
Folder 6 "Biografía política"
Folder 7 Various Political Notes
Folder 8 "Estado Madrid," 1949
Folder 9 "Ida a España"
Folder 10 "Concursos/Premios perdidos"
Folder 11 "Zancadilla de Madrid"
Folder 12 "Poeta/Biografia"
Folder 13 "Comida Aguilar"
Folder 14 "Biografía, Vuelta de España"
Folder 15 "Visita a España"
Folder 16 "La verdad de lo sucedido—Revolución española"
Folder 17 "Vuelta de España"
Folder 18 "Vuelta a Madrid"
Folder 19 Notes on Various Topics
Folder 20 "Indalecio Prieto"
Folder 21 "Biografía Indalecio Prieto"
Folder 22 "Azaña"
Folder 23 Transcription of Selected Items from Box 24

Section: Notes on Spain

Scope and Content Notes:

This section again reveals Ramón’s political views, this time more concerned with general reflections and interpretations about the character of Spain, displaying a tendency to take refuge in an idealized concept of the country separate from its inhabitants. There is more evidence of his worship of Franco, as well brief sections on the Palacio de Cristal in the Retiro and on the Escorial, and a large number of notes on Spain’s relationship with Latin America, especially concerning the Conquistadors.


Box 25
Folder 1 "Política/ cante jondo/España"
Folder 2 "La indiferencia altiva de España"
Folder 3 "Patriotismo español/Españoles/España"
Folder 4 "El Quijote/Gentes de España"
Folder 5 "España y América/España y los Españoles"
Folder 6 "Conquistadores"
Folder 7 "Palacio de Cristal"
Folder 8 "Descripción del Escorial"
Folder 9 "Avilés y Oviedo"
Folder 10 "España y los españoles": Various Topics
Folder 11 "Calderón de la Barca"
Folder 12 "España": Various Topics
Folder 13 Transcription of Selected Items from Box 25

Section: Dios

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains Ramón’s extensive notes on God and many related aspects of the Christian belief system such as the Devil, Hell and Heaven, Jesus, and the Bible.


Box 26
Folder 1 "Dios"
Folder 2 "El diábolo"
Folder 3 "Astronomías y misterios"
Folder 4 "Dios/infierno/cielo"
Folder 5 "La creación/velocismo"
Folder 6 "Dios/la creación"
Folder 7 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 8 "Dios/Jesús/la biblia"
Folder 9 "Dios/oraciones"
Folder 10 "Sacerdote/iglesia/clericalismo"
Folder 11 "El mal y el bien"
Folder 12 "Dios y el pecado"
Folder 13 "Nuestra religión"
Folder 14 "La fe/letra de la religión/las palabras"
Folder 15 "La atómica y dios"
Folder 16 "Sumisión y resignación"
Folder 17 "Amor a dios"
Folder 18 "Dios y otras religiones"
Folder 19 "La virgen"
Folder 20 "Privilegios del hombre"
Folder 21 "Los fieles/los fanáticos"
Folder 22 "Su perdón y su misericordia"
Folder 23 "Querella conmigo"
Folder 24 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 25 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 26 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 27 "Lo que es dios/teología"
Folder 28 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 29 "Dios y el alma"
Folder 30 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 31 "Evidencia del dios/el crimen impune"
Folder 32 "Virgen Maria"
Folder 33 "Principio del mundo"
Folder 34 "Dios": Various Notes
Folder 35 "Revelación y la biblia"
Folder 36 "El rigor de dios y la guerra"
Folder 37 "La moral"
Folder 38 "Dios y la realidad, la libertad, la nada, la duda, el arte"
Folder 39 "Dios y la sciencia"
Folder 40 "Ateos"

Box 27
Folder 1 "Ateísmo"
Folder 2 "Ateísmo América"
Folder 3 "Ateísmo Amércia"
Folder 4 "Dios y América"
Folder 5 "Filósofos y dios," Manuscript Fragment
Folder 6 Bellón Wiesner, Waldemar: Untitled Clipping
Folder 7 Rivet, Paul: "El origen del hombre," Clipping
Folder 8 Gómez de la Serna, Ramón: "Dios," Clipping

Section: "Artículos psiquiatría y psicoanálisis"

Scope and Content Notes:

This folder contains Ramón’s notes of a polemical nature criticizing various psychological ideas, perhaps with an implicit tone of self-defense. The increasingly Catholic writer that Ramón has become embraces a Jungian kind of reaction to Freudian psychology. There are two article clippings on Jung’s affirmation of the reality of the soul, and several manuscript articles by Ramón in which he laments the absence of the mysterious, ‘lo indecible’, the soul and God in most psychologies, justifying artistic manic depression, neuroses, and persecution mania as logical and lucid reactions to the reality of the world. The artist’s willful madness is not pathological but a supreme form of protest; the idealist’s aspiration towards the supernatural is opposed to the scientific investigation of the sinful subconscious, according to Ramón’s argument.


Box 28
Folder 1 Loose Notes
Folder 2 "Afecciones vaporosas"
Folder 3 "Maniacos depresivos" (Fragment)
Folder 4 "Neurastenias nuevas"
Folder 5 "Psiquiatras y depresivos"
Folder 6 "El Ru-Ko"
Folder 7 "Trepanación"
Folder 8 Unidentified Title
Folder 9 Unidentified Title ("Cuento psiquiátrico")
Folder 10 Published Clippings

Subseries 4. Biographies

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón authored or planned biographies about several individuals, including Ortega y Gasset, Pablo Picasso, Unamuno, and Valle-Inclán. This subseries comprises the drafts, notes, manuscripts, and clippings that were produced during the writing and research on these projects. Each section in this subseries deals with a specific individual.

Section: José Ortega y Gasset

Scope and Content Notes:

Ramón’s writings compiled here mainly concern Ortega’s arrival in Argentina at the outbreak of World War II. They present Ramón’s fragmented perceptions of Ortega: admiration for his independence and stimulating thought and at the same time a critical view of his philosophy, in which Ramón laments a lack of importance given to death and the spiritual, religious dimension, stressing its ironic “chulo” aspect. He was also troubled by Ortega’s long silence concerning the civil war. Also featured is a large collection of newspaper clippings, academic articles, and graphic material about and by Ortega y Gasset, with some autograph annotations, handwritten notes, and a drawing by Ramón.


Box 29
Folder 1 "Ortega biografia"
Folder 2 Loose Notes by Ramón
Folder 3 Loose Notes by Ramón
Folder 4 "Con Don José"
Folder 5 "De butaca a butaca: Con el filósofo de España"
Folder 6 "Ortega y Gasset se fue"
Folder 7 Clippings by Ortega y Gasset, 1928-1955
Folder 8 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors A-E), 1940-1955
Folder 9 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors F-I), 1955 and undated
Folder 10 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors L-O), 1929-1956
Folder 11 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset (Authors R-Z), 1955-1956
Folder 12 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset, (Unidentified Author), 1931, 1955, and undated
Folder 13 Clippings about Ortega y Gasset, (Unidentified Author), 1955 and undated

Box 30
Folder 1 Clippings about José Ortega Munilla, Ortega y Gasset’s Father
Folder 2 Clippings of Photographs of Ortega y Gasset
Folder 3 Clippings of Photographs of Ortega y Gasset with Others
Folder 4 Portraits and Caricatures of Ortega y Gasset
Folder 5 Miscellaneous Clippings Relating to Ortega y Gasset

Section: Goya

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises material compiled by Ramón for his biography on Goya. Included are many clippings of Goya’s art, as well as Ramón’s handwritten notes and manuscript pages for the biography.


Box 31
Folder 1-7 Clippings of Goya’s Art
Folder 8 "Una colección particular. Goya, Los López, Sorolla." Article Clipping from ABC, undated
Folder 9 "Desnudo de la duquesa," Loose Notes
Folder 10 "Desnudo de la duquesa," Loose Notes and Clippings
Folder 11 "Desnudo de la duquesa," Manuscripts
Folder 12 Article Clippings by Others about Goya’s Works
Folder 13 "Elementos gráficos para 'Goya total': La Duquesa de Alba, La Maja vestida, La Maja desnuda," Clippings
Folder 14 Clippings of Goya's Portraits, Birthplace, and Copy of One of His Handwritten Letters

Box 32
Folder 1 Clippings of Goya's Paintings
Folder 2 Clippings of Goya's Portrait Paintings: Men
Folder 3 Clippings of Goya's Portrait Paintings: Women
Folder 4 Clippings of Goya's Religious Paintings and Sculptures
Folder 5 Photos and a Postcard of Goya's Works

Section: Carolina Coronado

Scope and Content Notes:

Carolina Coronado Romero de Tejada was a Spanish author and Ramón’s aunt. He published a book about her in 1942 entitled Mi tía Carolina Coronado (Editorial EMECE, Buenos Aires). Documents in this section include a radio script in dialogue form between Ramón and his aunt (in L. Sofovich’s hand), lecture sheets, and two autograph letters; one from Ramón’s cousin Rubén, dated December 4, 1929, in Segovia, in which he supplies information for the biography; and the second from Carolina to Rubén, dated May 1909. In addition, there are article clippings reviewing the book, including one by Julio Gómez de la Serna, his brother.


Box 33
Folder 1 Correspondence Carolina Coronado – Rubén – Ramón - Horacio Perry, 1909, 1929, and undated
Folder 2 Clippings of Pictures Related to Carolina Coronado
Folder 3 Clippings of Articles About Carolina Coronado
Folder 4 Clippings of Articles by Unidentified Authors Related to Carolina Coronado
Folder 5 Clippings of Poetry by Carolina Coronado
Folder 6 Notes by Ramón
Folder 7 Manuscript Fragments by Ramón
Folder 8 "Archivar: Emisión Carolina Coronado," Radio Script
Folder 9 "Carolina Coronado: La gran poetisa del romanticismo," Manuscripts

Section: Picasso

Scope and Content Notes:

This section comprises mainly newspaper clippings on Picasso, plus two articles and one manuscript on the artist and his work by Ramón.

Folder 10-11 Clippings of Picasso’s Art
Folder 12 Clippings of Picasso and Family

Box 34
Folder 1 Clippings by and on Picasso
Folder 2 Clippings on Picasso by Unidentified Authors
Folder 3 Clippings on Other Painters
Folder 4 Clippings about Picasso’s Women and Muses
Folder 5 Notes and Manuscript on Picasso by Ramón and Some Clippings

Section: Macedonio Fernández

Scope and Content Notes:

Featured here are a collection of letters and dedications from the Argentinian writer to Ramón from 1928 to 1949, plus many of Ramón’s handwritten notes and published clippings. The letters convey Macedonio Fernández ideas on literature and comment on Ramón’s work. The notes contain Ramón’s reflections on Fernández and were not included in the portrait published in Retratos Contemporáneos in 1941.

Folder 6 Loose Notes by Ramón
Folder 7 Clippings of Writings by Macedonio Fernández
Folder 8 Clippings about Macedonio Fernández
Folder 9 Clippings of Writings by Adolfo Fernández de Obieta, 1940-1941
Folder 10 Clippings of Portraits of Macedonio Fernández
Folder 11 Correspondence from Macedonio Fernández to Ramón, 1928-1949

Section: Ramón María del Valle-Inclán ("Valle")

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains Ramón’s notes and a revised manuscript fragment, plus article and image clippings on the Spanish playwright and author. In respect to content, it appears that there is not much additional material compared to Ramón’s published biography of Valle-Inclán beyond a few phrases of admiration and a new comparison with a marabou illustrated by the author’s drawings.

Folder 12 Loose Notes
Folder 13 Clippings of Images of Valle-Inclán
Folder 14 Typed Manuscript Fragments
Folder 15 Article Clippings of Valle-Inclán’s Writings
Folder 16 Article Clippings about Valle-Inclán

Section: Resumen cronológico Van Gogh

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains many notes for an unfinished biography of Van Gogh and an extensive chronological narration of his life in manuscript form, which was probably written between 1945 and 1950.


Box 35
Folder 1 Notes on Van Gogh
Folder 2 "Ultimo momento de su locura-suicidio"
Folder 3 Notes on Van Gogh
Folder 4 "Autorretrato"
Folder 5 "Mitos-Símbolos"
Folders 6 Unidentified Manuscript
Folder 7 Unidentified Manuscript
Folder 8 Unidentified Manuscript (Lecture)
Folder 9 Unidentified Manuscript
Folder 10 Unidentified Manuscript
Folder 11 Article Clipping (Fragment) by Ramón on Van Gogh
Folder 12 "Grafica:" Clippings of Van Gogh’s Art

Section: Unamuno

Scope and Content Notes:

In a letter to Luis de Olarra, dated February 6, 1958, Ramón explains that he tore up most of the drafts of his Unamuno biography. This section holds what is left of Unamuno-related materials, such as clippings of Unamuno poetry with Ramón’s notes, notes on existentialism, ideas on the role of literature and prose, a typescript article on “Unamuno y el sueño de la vida,” sent to Cela, who apparently rejected it for publication; and article clippings by Ramón’s and others on Unamuno.


Box 36
Folder 1 Loose Notes by Ramón
Folder 2 "Unamuno y el sueño de la vida"
Folder 3 Unidentified Manuscript Fragment by Ramón
Folder 4 Clippings of Unamuno’s Poetry with Notes by Ramón
Folder 5 Article Clippings on Unamuno by Ramón and Others
Folder 6 Clippings of Unamuno and His Home
Folder 7 Loose Notes by Ramón

Section: José Gutiérrez Solana

Scope and Content Notes:

José Gutiérrez Solana was a Spanish painter and writer, who created the well-known painting of Ramón’s literary and artistic circle members "La Tertulia del Café Pombo." This section comprises notes and manuscript material by Ramón on Solana, as well as documents authored by Solana himself such as manuscript material with autobiographical information, essays, and letters written to Ramón.

Folder 8 "Aventura amorosa," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 9 "El Café Candelas," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 10 "Un coleccionista," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 11 "Excursión a Sevilla," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 12 "Un gastrónomo," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 13 "La miniatura," Manuscript by Solana
Folder 14 Correspondence and Autobiographical Summary from Solana to Ramón, 1941 and undated
Folder 15 "Solana al Rastro," Loose Notes by Ramón
Folder 16 "Los carnavales y la pintura de Gutierrez Solana," Typescript by Ramón
Folder 17 "Éxito en América," Typescript by Ramón
Folder 18 "Gutierrez Solana: Sus agua fuertes," Typescript by Ramón
Folder 19 "El torero Lechuga," Typescript by Ramón
Folder 20 "Visita al hermano," Typescript by Ramón
Folder 21 Unidentified Typescript Fragment
Folder 22 Unidentified Manuscript Fragment
Folder 23 Article Clippings about Solana by Ramón and Others, 1955 and undated
Folder 24 Clippings and Photographs of Solana, His Art, and Related, 1907 and undated

Section: "Azorín"

Scope and Content Notes:

José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruíz, also known as Azorín (June 8, 1873, Monòver - March 2, 1967), was a Spanish writer and literary critic. This folder contains mainly portrait clippings of Azorín and photographs relating to the author.

Folder 25 "Azorín: Ultimas notas y grafica"

Section: Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo

Scope and Content Notes:

Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (ca.1612 – February 10, 1667) was a Spanish Baroque portrait and landscape painter, the most distinguished of the followers of Velázquez, whose style he imitated more closely than any other artist. This folder contains clippings of an encyclopedia entry on the painter and several clippings of his works.

Folder 26 "Del Mazo"

Section: Norah Borges

Scope and Content Notes:

This section contains a three-page, annotated typescript that was located in the beginning of the published biography of Norah Borges authored by Ramón.

Folder 27 "Norah Borges": Typescript

Subseries 5. "Diccionario Manual"

Scope and Content Notes:

These cards appear to be a private working thesaurus compiled by Ramón showing his interest in and concern for language, and the picturesque and expressive richness of words. Usually, each card has on one side handwritten word lists and on the other pasted clippings of sayings, anecdotes, brief articles, or similar published texts.


Box 37
Folder 1 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 2 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 3 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 4 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 5 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 6 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 7 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 8 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 9 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 10 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 11 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 12 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 13 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 14 Dictionary Cards, 2-sided
Folder 15 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 16 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 17 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 18 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided

Box 38
Folder 1 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 2 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 3 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided
Folder 4 Dictionary Cards, 1-sided

Series III. Correspondence

Scope and Content Notes:

This series contains correspondence, mainly from the Spanish playwright and novelist Enrique Jardiel Poncela, and letters from Ramón to Luis de Olarra and Ernesto Bustamante. Poncela supplies Ramón with his enthusiastic impressions of nationalist Spain during and after the Civil War. From the transcripts of the letters to Olarra, whose brother was the director of Espasa Calpe, we learn a few bibliographical and publishing details and some personal confidences. The letters to the Argentinian poet Bustamante reveal more bibliographical and biographical details while inquiring about books necessary for his work. The remaining less substantial letters are from Jules Supervielle, Manuel de Falla, Jean Cocteau, Camilo José Cela, José Calvo Sotelo, Marqués de Luca de Tena, Ortega y Gasset, Alberto Hidalgo, and Manuel Gálvez. In addition, there are four poems dedicated to Ramón from Latin American poets and the original of the letter from Miguel Moya about “El Torero Caracho,” which is referred to in “Automoribundie.”


Box 39
Folder 1 Transcription of Selected Items from Box 39
Folder 2 Correspondence to Ernesto Bustamante, 1943-1960
Folder 3 Correspondence to Ernesto Bustamante, undated
Folder 4 Correspondence to Luís de Olarra, Transcripts, 1952-1961
Folder 5 Correspondence to Ramón, 1941-1962
Folder 6 Correspondence to Ramón, 1926-1961
Folder 7 Correspondence to Rodolfo Cardona from Teodoro Llanos Alvarez, 1963
Folder 8 Drawings of Ramón

Series IV. Clippings and Some Notes about International Authors, Artists, Intellectuals, and Artwork

Scope and Content Notes:

This series comprises article and some graphical clippings from newspapers and magazines on a variety of authors, artists, and intellectuals from countries such as United States, Great Britain, Ireland, and France. Most of the material is undated but an approximate date-range would probably fall between the 1930s to the late 1950s. A few of Ramón’s handwritten notes are interspersed among the clippings. It appears that he has compiled these clippings for inspiration, personal interest, or project-related work.


Box 40
Folder 1 Clippings on US American Authors
Folder 2 Clippings on US American Authors, 1937-1952
Folder 3 Clippings on Mostly US American Authors, 1937-1958
Folder 4 Clippings on US American and British Authors, 1948-1951
Folder 5 Clippings on US American Authors
Folder 6 Clippings on Mostly US American Authors
Folder 7 Clippings on Mostly British and Irish Authors
Folder 8 Clippings on British and Irish Authors
Folder 9 Clippings on US American and British Authors
Folder 10 Clippings on Mostly US and British Authors
Folder 11 Clippings on Mostly British Authors
Folder 12 Clippings on Mostly British Authors
Folder 13 Clippings on Mostly British Authors

Box 41
Folder 1 Clippings on US American Artists and Intellectuals
Folder 2 Clippings and Notes on US American Artists
Folder 3 Clippings on US American Artists and Theatre
Folder 4 Clippings on US American Authors
Folder 5 Clippings on US American and British Authors
Folder 6 Clippings on US American Author Mark Twain
Folder 7 Clippings on British Author Charles Dickens
Folder 8 Clippings on US American and British Authors
Folder 9 Clippings on Mostly US American, British, and Irish Authors, Artists, and Scientists
Folder 10 Clippings on Mostly US American Authors, Artitsts, and Intellectuals
Folder 11 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors, Artists, and Performers
Folder 12 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors
Folder 13 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors
Folder 14 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors
Folder 15 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors
Folder 16 Clippings on Mostly US American Authors

Box 42
Folder 1 Clippings on Mostly US American and British Authors
Folder 2 Clippings on Mostly British Authors
Folder 3 Clippings on Mostly British and Irish Authors
Folder 4 Clippings on Mostly British Authors
Folder 5 Clippings and Ramón’s Notes on H.G. Wells
Folder 6 Clippings on Mostly British and French Authors
Folder 7 Clippings on Mostly British Authors
Folder 8 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 9 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 10 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 11 Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists
Folder 12 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 13 Clippings on French Poet Francis Jammes
Folder 14 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 15 Clippings on Mostly French Authors

Box 43
Folder 1 Clippings on Mostly German, Russian, and Scandinavian Authors, Artitsts, and Intellectuals
Folder 2 Clippings on Mostly German, Russian, and Scandinavian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 3 Clippings on Mostly German and Russian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 4 Clippings on Mostly Russian, German, and Scandinavian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 5 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 6 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 7 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 8 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 9 Clippings on French Author André Gide
Folder 10 Clippings on French Author François Mauriac, 1952 and undated
Folder 11 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 12 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 13 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 14 Clippings on French Poet and Essayist Léon-Paul Fargue
Folder 15 Clippings on Mostly French Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 16 Clippings on French Novelist and Playwright Honoré de Balzac
Folder 17 Clippings on Mostly French Authors

Box 44
Folder 1 Clippings on French and Italian Authors and Artists
Folder 2 Clippings on Italian Poet and Writer Ada Negri
Folder 3 Clippings on Italian Authors and Artists
Folder 4 Clippings on Italian Authors and Artists
Folder 5 Clippings on Mostly Italian Authors and Artists
Folder 6 Clippings on Mostly Italian Authors and Artists
Folder 7 Clippings on Italian Author and Poet Giovanni Boccaccio
Folder 8 Clippings on Mostly French, German, and Austrian Authors, Artists, and Intellectuals
Folder 9 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 10 Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists
Folder 11 Clippings on Mostly French Authors
Folder 12 Clippings on Mostly French Authors and Artists
Folder 13 Clippings on International Authors and Artists

Box 45
Folder 1 Imagage Clippings and Photographs on Mostly Authors, Artists, and Artworks
Folder 2 "Imágenes de Leda," Clippings and Notes
Folder 3 "Angeles," Clippings on Angels
Folder 4 "Tango," Notes and Clippings
Folder 5 Clippings Authored by or About Ramón
Folder 6 Clippings on Ramón’s Life and Work Postmortem, 1966-1967 and undated
Folder 7 Clippings on Ramón’s Life and Work, Mostly Postmortem, 1960, 1966-1968
Folder 8 Clippings on Ramón’s Death and Remembrance, 1967-1968
Folder 9 Banquet Announcements Honoring Ramón, 1966-1968
Folder 10 Caricatures of Authors and Artists (Fernand Divoire, Jean Borlin, and Others)
Folder 11 "Poets on Poetry," Mimeograph by Unknown Author
Folder 12 "Lenormand en el teatro. Nota y selección por Luisa Sofovich."