Summary Information
Title: Grand Army of the Republic, Dept. of Pennsylvania, Miscellaneous Posts Records
Collection Number: AIS.1986.07
Creator: Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Pennsylvania.

Collection Dates: 1861-1940
Extent: 12.0 microfilm reels

Language: English

Abstract:
The Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) was a veterans organization formed in 1866 for soldiers who fought for the North during the American Civil War. This collection contains the microfilmed records of miscellaneous posts in Pennsylvania including the following information: minutes, rosters, personal war sketches, descriptive books, ledgers, and receipt books.
Publisher:

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
412-648-3232
archives-ref@mail.pitt.edu
Date Published:

August 1999
Author:

Finding aid prepared by David Rosenburg. Revisions occurred to the finding aid as a part of the encoding process on October 21, 1999.
Revision Description:
July 1, 2006:
Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002

History

The Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) was a fraternal organization comprised of men who fought for the Union during the Civil War. The G.A.R. was founded by Benjamin F. Stephenson, an army surgeon, in Decatur, Ill., on April 6, 1866. The society was created to strengthen fellowship among men who had fought to preserve the Union, to honor those killed in the war, to provide care for their dependents, and to uphold the Constitution of the United States.

Membership was open to honorably discharged soldiers, sailors, or marines of the Union armed forces who served between April 12, 1861, and April 9, 1865. The Grand Army reached its peak in membership (more than 400,000) in 1890. The last member died in 1955, and the organization was dissolved in 1956. For a time it was a powerful political influence, aligning itself closely with Republican policy. After the organization was dissolved, the records went to the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., and the badges, flags, and official seal to the Smithsonian Institution.

The society founded soldiers' homes, and was active in relief work and pension legislation. The G.A.R. started the celebration of Memorial Day in the North by a general order issued by John A. Logan. The Woman's Relief Corps began as an auxiliary to the G.A.R.


Collection Scope and Content Notes

The microfilmed records of the G.A.R's miscellaneous posts (PA) include minutes, rosters, personal war sketches, descriptive books, ledgers, and receipt books, of

  • J.B. McPherson Post No. 117 (East Liberty, Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Col. John W. Patterson Post No. 151 (South Side, Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Col. John B. Clark Post No. 162 (North Side, Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Col. Robert G. Shaw Post No. 206 (Lower Hill District, Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Col. James C. Hull Post No. 157 (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Col. James H. Childs Post No. 230 (Lower Hill District, Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Gen. Alexander Hays Post No. 3 (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Duquesne Post No. 259 (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
  • Gen. George A. Custer Post No. 38 (Etna, Pa.)
  • Lt. James M. Lysle Post No. 128 (Allegheny, Pa.)
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Gen. Charles Griffin
  • Thomas M. Carnegie

Gives name, age, birthplace, residence, occupation, entry into service (date, rank, regiment), discharge (date, rank, company, regiment), length of service, cause of discharge, date of entry into the GAR, when suspended, when dropped, when reinstated, remarks.


Subject Terms

Topics
  • Patriotic societies -- Pennsylvania
  • Societies -- Pennsylvania -- Etna
  • Societies -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Veterans -- Pennsylvania -- Societies, etc.
  • Veterans -- Pennsylvania.
  • Veterans -- Societies, etc.

Corporate Names
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Col. James C. Hull Post No. 157 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Col. James H. Childs Post No. 230 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Col. John B. Clark Post No. 162 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Col. John W. Patterson Post No. 151 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Col. Robert G. Shaw Post No. 206 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Pennsylvania.
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Duquesne Post No. 259 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Gen. Alexander Hays Post No. 3 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Gen. George A. Custer Post No. 38 (Etna, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. J.B. McPherson Post No. 117 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).
  • Grand Army of the Republic. Lt. James M. Lysle Post No. 128 (Pittsburgh, Pa.).

Locations
  • Allegheny (Pa.) -- Societies, etc.
  • Pennsylvania -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Societies, etc.
  • South Side (Pittsburgh, Pa.) -- Societies, etc.
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Societies, etc.

Category
  • Societies

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Microfilmed by the Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society in cooperation with ais from originals in the possession of the Allegheny County Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1986

Alternate Format:

Original records are maintained by Allegheny County Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Preferred Citation:

Grand Army of the Republic, Dept. of Pennsylvania, Miscellaneous Posts Records, 1861-1940, AIS.1986.07, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Previous Citation:

ais 86:7 and 86: 7a.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Archives Service Center Staff in 1986.

Processing Information:

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Kate Colligan on October 21, 1999. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Notis ID number: AJZ0839.

Copyright:

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.


Collection Inventory

Microfilm-cabinet 3
Drawer 3
Reel 1 J.B. McPherson Post No. 117 (all). Col. John W. Patterson Post No. 151 (first part, through Roster of Masters)
Reel 2 Col. John W. Patterson Post No. 151 (final part), Col. John B. Clark Post. No. 162 (first part, through Adjutant's Reports, p. 381, January, 1894)
Reel 3 Col. John B. Clark Post No. 162 (final part), Col. Robert G. Shaw Post No. 206 (all)
Reel 4 Col. James C. Hull Post No. 157 (first part, through Minutes, v.5, p. 319, September, 1895)
Reel 5 Col. James C. Hull Post No. 157 (final part), Col. James H. Childs Post No. 230 (first part, through Descriptive Book)
Reel 6 Col. James H. Childs Post No. 230 (final part), Gen. Alexander Hays Post No. 3 (first part, through Original Descriptive Book)
Reel 7 Gen. Alexander Hays Post No. 3 (second part, through Journal: Receipts, Expenditures, etc.).
Reel 8 Gen. Alexander Hays Post No. 3 (third and final part). Duquesne Post No. 259 (first part, through Record of Dues/obituaries)
Reel 9 Duquesne Post No. 259 (final part). Gen. George A. Custer Post No. 38 (first part, through Minute Books, December 26, 1907)
Reel 10 Gen. George A. Custer Post No. 38 (final part). Lt. James M. Lysle Post No. 128 (first part, through Minute Books, July 21, 1892)
Reel 11 James M. Lysle Post No. 128 (final part)
Reel 12 Thomas M. Carnegie Post No. 625, Homestead, Pa. Descriptive book [membership roll book], Bulk, 1894-1906 1891-1913