Summary Information
Title: Manus McCloskey Papers
Collection Number: AIS.1977.44
Creator: McCloskey, Manus, 1874-1963

Collection Dates: 1899-1956
Extent: 1.25 linear feet (2 boxes)

Language: English

This collection consists of the papers of Manus McCloskey (1874-1963), a U.S. Army General. Includes letters, correspondence, a journal, diaries, photographs, and printed material concerning McCloskey's military career, in particular the Philippines Insurrection, the Boxer Rebellion, and World War I, as well as official war reports and material on the army's role during the Great Depression.

ULS Archives Service Center
University of Pittsburgh Library System
7500 Thomas Boulevard
Pittsburgh, PA, 15260
Date Published:

May, 1999

Finding aid prepared by Archives Service Center Staff. Revisions occurred to the finding aid as a part of the encoding process in May, 1999.
Revision Description:
July 1, 2006:
Converted from EAD Version 1.0 to EAD Version 2002


Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on April 24, 1874, Brigadier General Manus McCloskey entered the U.S. Military Academy in 1894, and graduated in 1898. He was assigned to Reilly's Battery of Light Artillery in the field, Santiago de Cuba. With the battery, McCloskey was transferred to the Philippines in March, 1899, where he participated in many operations. From the Philippines, the battery was assigned to the allied relief expedition during the Boxer Rebellion in China. Following his return to the States after the rebellion, McCloskey served with the Coast Defenses of Puget Sound, then in 1906 at Ft. Ethan Allen, Vermont. In 1907, he returned to the Philippines as commander of a mountain artillery battery.

With the outbreak of World War I, McCloskey organized and commanded the 12th Field Artillery with which he served until his promotion to Brigadier General in August, 1918. With the promotion he assumed command of the 152nd Brigade of Field Artillery, 77th Division. He served with this brigade until the Armistice, taking part in action on the Vesle, the Aisne, and the Meuse-Argonne. After the war, he served in the Army of Occupation, attended the Army War College, and served in Chicago, Hawaii, and New York City, ending his military career in 1938 as commander of Ft. Bragg, North Carolina. McCloskey then became Warden of Cook County Hospital in Chicago and was active in civil affairs throughout World War II. McCloskey promoted Chicago business and commercial development until his retirement. He died in 1963.

Collection Scope and Content Notes

This collection consists of the papers of Manus McCloskey (1874-1963), a U.S. Army General. Includes letters, correspondence, a journal, diaries, photographs, and printed material concerning McCloskey's military career, in particular the Philippines Insurrection, the Boxer Rebellion, and World War I, as well as official war reports and material on the army's role during the Great Depression.

Subject Terms

  • Depressions -- 1929 -- United States
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • Soldiers -- United States
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns

Corporate Names
  • United States. Army. -- Foreign service -- China

Personal Names
  • McCloskey, Manus, 1874-1963

  • China -- History -- Boxer Rebellion, 1899-1901
  • Philippines -- History -- Philippine American War, 1899-1902
  • United States -- History -- 1933-1945

  • Diaries

  • Personal papers

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Brigadier General Monro McCloskey, son of Manus McCloskey, October 1977.

Preferred Citation:

Manus McCloskey Papers, 1899-1956, AIS.1977.44, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Archives Service Center Staff.

Processing Information:

Revision and rearrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Jennifer Marshall in May 1999. Information about the collection title and the controlled access terms was extracted from the MARC record in the University of Pittsburgh catalog Notis ID number: AKA2805.


Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Collection Inventory

Box 1
Folder 1 Biographical Data (

Manuscript entitled General Manus McCloskey. Detailed description of McCloskey's military career.

Folder 2-3 Letters from McCloskey to his wife, April 3, 1899 - July 12, 1901 (

Describes details of military life during campaigns in the Philippines and China. Turn of century artillery practices and procedures are illustrated, as well as small unit warfare. Occupation duty in China is described. It should be noted that Monro McCloskey indicated that some letters are incomplete, some have passages deleted, and others are marked R D (meaning "read and destroyed"). This editing was done in 1950 by Manus McCloskey and his daughter, who were preparing to write a book on McCloskey's experiences; they felt that some of the passages were too personal for publication.

Significant letters include:

  • Number and type of troops being sent to the Philippines, dated April 22, 1899.
  • First combat with insurrectionists, dated November 19, 1899.
  • Orders for battery to go to China, dated July 8, 1900.
  • Description of allied fleets in Tangku Harbor, China, dated July 28, 1900

Folder 4 General Correspondence, August 26, 1900 - October 18, 1934 (

Letters to McCloskey during the course of his career in the Philippines, China, and World War I.

Significant letters include:

  • From General John J. Pershing, Commander of American Expeditionary Force, informing McCloskey of his appointment to Brigadier General, dated May 23, 1918.
  • Notification of Distinguished Service Medal to be awarded for actions during World War I, dated August 2, 1920.

Folder 5 Journal, 1899-1901 (

Entitled History of Platoons of Light Battery F, 5th U.S. Artillery commanded by Lieutenant Manus McCloskey, 5th Artillery in Cuba, the Philippine Islands and China. Descriptions of actions involving McCloskey's artillery platoon. More detailed than the letters to his wife; contains a list of battles, skirmishes, etc., that the battery was engaged in (p. 20).

Folder 6 Diary, c1900-1902 (

Brief notations of activities.

Folder 7 Diary (

Entitled Manus McCloskey, Colonel, 12th Field Artillery. Illustrates overseas service from September 26, 1917 to January 6, 1926. Chiefly concerned with events during World War I.

Folder 8 Reports, August 31, 1907 - February 5, 1919 (

Official military business: History of Captain Manus McCloskey, August 31, 1907 Report of Operations of the 152nd Brigade Field Artillery: September 26, 1918 - November 11, 1918 Farewell Letter to 152nd Brigade Field Artillery, February 5, 1919

Folder 9 Speech, February 3, 1919 (

Entitled The Artillery of the 77th Division in the Argonne-Meuse Campaign. Talk delivered as commanding officer of the 152nd Field Artillery Brigade, describing its war services.

Folder 10 Commendations, diplomas, etc., 1894-1956 (

Certificates of merit and achievement and awards for valor, skill and competence won by McCloskey during his career.

Folder 11 Retirement Bill -- S.2765, July 6, 1937 (

Entitled A Bill to grant recognition to distinguished military service. Denied promotion to major general as a result of a new war department policy, S.2765 was introduced into the Senate to enable McCloskey to retire with the rank, pay, and allowances of a major general.

Folder 12 Scrapbook (

Contains newspaper articles descriptive of McCloskey's career, family history, and Western Pennsylvanian society.

Box 2
Folder 13 Fort Bragg, N.C., June 1931-April 1938 (

Material illustrating McCloskey's command of Fort Bragg, N.C., then the largest artillery post in the U.S.

Three items: Description of units based at Fort Bragg article entitled,"Not Bragging," in Our Army , v. 6, no. 2, November 1933. Pg 5-11.

Carolina's Adopted Son A poem and tribute to McCloskey on his retirement.

Booklet from Testimonial Banquet for General Manus McCloskey, April 7, 1938

Folder 14 Philippines (Imus), and China, 1899 1899 - 1901 ((photograph)) (

Unidentified civilian and military.

Folder 15 Unidentified military ((photograph)) (
Folder 16 Manus McCloskey ((photograph)) (
Folder 17 Miscellaneous, August 1901 ((photograph)) (

Includes photos of a train wreck.

Folder 18 Negatives ((photograph)) (
Folder 19 Official Register of the Officers and Cadets of the U.S.Military Academy, West Point, June 1894

Includes printed material as background to the various military campaigns when McCloskey was a participant.

Folder 20 Maps, 1899-1924

Seven maps: The Capture of Santiago, Cuba, October 7-15, 1899. Showing Operations of Provisional Brigade -- 1st Division

Map to accompany report of Brigadier General F. D. Grant's report of actions near Imus, September 29-October 8, 1899 Map of Cavite and Batangas provinces, Philippine Islands Plan of Peking, Map

China Relief Expedition, Map Admiral Seymour's Relief Expedition, Map Legation Quarter of Peking, Map

Folder 21 Article entitled Battery B of the Twelfth Field Artillery During the Late War, by Captain George D. Wahl, F. A., in Field Artillery Journal, January-April, 1924 (
Folder 22 New York Troops in the World War (

Includes information about the 11th Engineers, 165th Infantry, 27th Division, 77th Division, and 369th Infantry.

Folder 23 Memories, Headquarters Detachment, 152nd F.A. Brigade. (

Commemorative booklet marking end of WWI.

Folder 24 The Weekly Wash, newspaper of the Headquarters Detachment, 152nd F.A. Brigade, v. 2, no. 8, March 22, 1919

Contains official report of Brigade operations.

Folder 25 Newspaper Clippings, 1899-1955 (

Articles illustrating McCloskey's military career, with emphasis on commands and posts.